Morpho-syntax and Semantics of the English language 05/06 Prof.

Pilar Ron Vaz

HOMEWORK 2 Due May 30th, 2006

Name

A. True or false? [1 point]
Conversion is not a very productive word formation process in English. The head of a compound is always the last word. The structure of a compound determines its meaning. A phrase can contain another phrase and even a clause inside it. There may be more than one lexical verb in a clause. The verb in a subordinate clause is always finite. Auxiliary verbs can appear as the only verb in a clause. Noun phrases cannot function as adverbials. A dynamic verb may not appear in a progressive form. A lexical verb may appear before a subject.

T T T T T T T T T T

F F F F F F F F F F

B.

The words in column 2 have been created from the corresponding word in column 1. Indicate the word formation process responsible for the creation of each word in column 2. [1 point] Column 1 (a) loan, word (b) babysitter (c) compact disc (d) empty (e) advertisement (f) boy (g) a squeak (h) refrigerator (i) Spanish, English (j) laboratory Column 2 loanword babysit CD to empty ad boyish to squeak fridge Spanglish lab Word formation process

compounding Back formation Acronym Conversion Clipping Affixation Conversion Clipping Blending Clipping

1

Does: finite. because she had already gone to Paris a month before. lexical. Exemplify your answer [2 points] (a) The difference between AGO and BEFORE. dynamic (b) Jessica doesn’t need to tell you anything. lexical. intransitive. auxiliary. If the verb is lexical say whether it is a. dynamic D. auxiliary. Say whether each verb is lexical. auxiliary. transitive. linking (d) Daniel would love you if you could smile more often. lexical. modal Smile: non− non−finite. past. intransitive. dynamic (e) Who did Sally give her present to? Did: finite. using your own words the difference between the following. Explain. non− non−modal Give: non− non−finite. Both locate a point in time in the past. modal Have: non− non−finite. but AGO means before now. lexical. (a) John could have arrived here sooner. 2006 C. lexical. Would: finite. stative Could: finite. 2 . Could: finite. Identify all the verb forms in the following sentences and classify them [1 point]. and AGO means before before another point in the past. transitive. Sally went to London three weeks ago. non− non−modal Arrived: non− non−finite. auxiliary. auxiliary. modal Love: non− non−finite. ditransitive. dynamic (c) Peter seems tired tonight. stative Tell: non− non−finite. If the verb is auxiliary say whether it is a modal or not. Say whether each verb is finite or non-finite 2. lexical.Morpho-syntax and Semantics of the English language 05/06 Prof. lexical. intransitive. dynamic or stative 4. or ditransitive b. Provide the following information: 1. Pilar Ron Vaz HOMEWORK 2 Due May 30th. linking or auxiliary 3. transitive. non− non−modal Need: non− non−finite. auxiliary. Seem: finite. ditransitive.

when the action is seen as temporary or when we focus on the length of time the action has taken. meaning. future). I have done ten exercises. verbs. In a clause there can only be one lexical verb. Did you read the newspapers today? 3 . In both cases we talk about an action in the present or a planned action in the future. after the subject and after the negative adverb NOT. the present progressive is used for actions that are happening right now or for temporary situation (or for planned actions in the near future) I usually use my laptop computer every day. It has the primary meaning. In both cases we talk about an action that that starts in the past and continues up to the present but the present perfect is used when the action is finished. The simple present is used for habitual actions and for permanent actions (or for very sure things in the near future). (c) The difference between using the simple present and using the present progressive. when the action is seen as permanent or when we focus on the result of the action. but tright now I am using my sister’s computer. but I still have to do some more. A lexical verb is the main verb of a main clause.Morpho-syntax and Semantics of the English language 05/06 Prof. it can be the only verb in the clause. I have been doing exercises for three hours. it appears after the auxiliary verbs. Auxiliary verbs may appear before the subject and the negative adverb. (d) The difference between a lexical verb and an auxiliary verb. 2006 (b) The difference between using the present perfect and using the present perfect progressive. There may be several auxiliary verbs in a clause and they appear before the lexical verb. Pilar Ron Vaz HOMEWORK 2 Due May 30th. clause. Auxiliary verbs help the lexical verb express grammatical meanings. the present perfect progressive is used when the action may not be finished.

The word order is incorrect. The students are going to Paris next spring. it has to be subject + verb + subject complement. I understand the lesson now. Identify the mistake(s). Pilar Ron Vaz HOMEWORK 2 Due May 30th. The following sentences may have some mistakes.5 points] (a) The woman that she had spoken earlier ate with us. 2006 E. and in a clause there can only be a finite form (the first one) 4 . correct them AND explain the source of the mistake. The expression “be going to” to” to express a future planned action cannot be used with verbs of movement like GO. (d) The students are going to go to Paris next spring. Huelva.Morpho-syntax and Semantics of the English language 05/06 Prof. The subject of the relative clause is repeated and there can only be one subject. An interesting monument is found in Huelva. The woman that had spoken earlier ate with us. (b) In Huelva is found an interesting monument. [2. instead we use the present progressive. There may be sentences without mistakes and there may be sentences with more than one mistake! If the sentence is correct write “CORRECT” next to it. (c) I am understanding the lesson now. (e) Did Donna worked hard? Did Donna work hard? DID and WORKED are are both finite forms of the verb. ‘Understand’ Understand’ is a stative verb and stative verbs cannot appear appear in the progressive tenses.

llevaba media hora esperando el autobús. Translate the following sentences into English. month. but right now I am living in Plymouth. pero ahora estoy viviendo en Plymouth. 5 . I lived in Bristol for two months. When did you boy those tables? We bought the dinning− dinning−room table two months ago. When you arrived at the station I had been waiting for the bus for half an hour. before.. Instead try to express in English what you have here in Spanish [2. That tennis player player will have won a million dollars in a month. Hint: Do not try to do a literal translation... (e) Durante dos meses estuve viviendo en Bristol.5 points] (a) Cuando llegaste a la estación. ago.Morpho-syntax and Semantics of the English language 05/06 Prof. Pilar Ron Vaz HOMEWORK 2 Due May 30th.. I have been reading a Civil War History book since four weeks ago. (c) Esa jugadora de tenis habrá ganado un millón de dólares dentro de un mes. Plymouth.. (d) ¿Cuándo comprasteis esas mesas? La mesa del comedor la compramos hace dos meses y la mesa de la cocina dos semanas antes. and the kitchen table two weeks before. 2006 F.. (b) Desde hace cuatro semanas he estado leyendo un libro de historia de la guerra civil.