“Book it right & pack it tight”

• Revised guidebooks to the IMDG Code operational rules for preparing dangerous goods for carriage by sea

• Book 1: Shippers & Forwarders • Book 2: Shipping lines and freight booking agencies • Book 3: Consolidators – managers and supervisors • Book 4: Fork lift operators and cargo handlers

Subjects covered in this presentation
• • • • • • • • Purpose & content of the Guidebooks Classification of dangerous goods Creation of Shipper‟s Declaration Packaging & labelling Limited quantities, mixed loads, aerosols & security IMDG Code training Provision of information to shipping line Summary & source of further information

1 - Purpose & content of the Guidebooks

What is in the Guidebooks? • Clear guidance on what you must do to comply with the IMDG Code • Explanation of your legal duties • Practical examples • Sample documents • Photographs • Illustrations .

Format of the guidebooks • The Guidebooks all have a Part A & Part B: • Part A identifies the key operational duties – what you must do and how to do it • Part B is a common reference section explaining requirements of the IMDG Code .

To provide practical operational guidance to the complex requirements of the IMDG Code 2. To provide a quick reference to the relevant IMDG Code text .What is the purpose of the Guidebooks? 1.

A fundamental question: What are dangerous goods?
Answer: Substances or articles that may:
– – – – kill or injure people damage ships or transport equipment damage cargo damage the environment (marine pollutants)

Are there rules for shipping dangerous goods by sea? YES – there are strict rules for shippers, container packers and shipping lines
The rules are contained in the

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

Failure to comply with dangerous goods rules causes severe maritime incidents …….


..… and heavy losses

The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code Known as the IMDG Code A complete instruction manual for documentation. packaging and carriage of dangerous goods by sea .

packaging & packing of dangerous goods • Specific legal duties for all parties arising from the SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea) Convention . documentation. listing.What is the IMDG Code? • Two volumes & a Supplement (over 800 pages) • Rules for every stage of the carriage of dangerous goods by sea • The international UN system for classification.

Where does the IMDG Code come from? • The IMDG Code is produced by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) • The IMO is a United Nations agency • The IMDG Code is based on the UN inter-modal dangerous goods system and is used world-wide .

Who has duties under the IMDG Code? • • • • • Shippers & forwarders Shipping line booking agents Consolidators (supervisor/manager) Fork lift drivers/container packers Ships and shipping lines .

Must I comply with the IMDG Code rules? YES! • Since 2004 the IMDG Code has been mandatory in all countries by government signature at the SOLAS Conference and through the IMO • It is also mandatory to train your employees in aspects of the Code applicable to their jobs .

Documentation 3.Book 1: Shippers & Forwarder Practical operational guidance on the Shipper’s IMDG Code duties regarding: 1. Classification & identification 2. Packaging & labelling .

g.References in this presentation • References to sections in Guidebook 1 are always shown in yellow at bottom left hand corner e. See Guidebook Part B section 4 • References to text in the IMDG Code are shown in blue: See IMDG 3.2 See Guidebook Part B section 4 .

the 800 pages of the IMDG Code .The guidebook is your quick guide to the IMDG Code Your quick reference to … ….

Use the IMDG references to …. take you directly to the relevant text in IMDG Code for full details . and see examples. ….How to use your guidebook Identify your operational duties.

Packaging & labelling 4. Classification of dangerous goods 2. Provision of information to the shipping line . Creation of shipper‟s declaration 3.Guidebook 1 identifies shipper‟s key IMDG Code duties: 1.

2 .Classification of dangerous goods .

g.What does “classification” mean? • Classification means your duty as a shipper to describe your product and its hazard according to the rules of the IMDG Code e. UN Number Proper Shipping Name of product Class and type of hazard(s) Description in terms used in the IMDG Code (see examples below) .

Where can classification details be found? In the columns of the Dangerous Goods List in Part 3 of the IMDG Code – .

What is the Dangerous Goods List? • A list containing an entry for all dangerous goods (it takes up 169 pages of Volume 2 of the IMDG Code) • It is the first point of reference for all enquiries about classification or technical details of a substance or article .

Dangerous Goods List (diagrammatic display) Each substance entry has 18 columns of classification & other information Substances are listed under their UN Number in Column 1 .

He must display the classification details on each package . He must add the classification details to a signed document (Shipper‟s Declaration) that accompanies the dangerous goods 2.Why does the shipper need the classification details? 1.

4. marine pollutant. flashpoint. 3. 2.Classification factors: mandatory & conditional There are a number of classification details shippers must provide for each dangerous substance: 1. etc. UN Number Proper Shipping Name Class Plus a number of “conditional” details such as degree of hazard (Packing Group). depending upon the substance .

UN classification system • The IMDG Code uses the UN intermodal system to classify and identify dangerous goods • Classification details for each substance are listed in the columns of the Dangerous Goods List See Guidebook Part B sections 1-8 .

Gases Class 8 .Radioactive Substances goods are put into one Class 2 .Flammable Liquids Class 4 .Flammable Solids Class 5 .Explosives Class 3 .Oxidising Substances Class 6 . These are called ‘Classes’ Class 1 .There are 9 hazard Classes Dangerous of 9 categories.Corrosives Class 9 .Miscellaneous . depending upon the type of hazard.Toxic Substances Class 7 .

swallowing or skin contact CLASS 8 Corrosive substances and their vapours destroy living tissue on contact and can damage many other materials .1 Toxic substances cause injury or death to humans by inhalation.g. CLASS 3 Flammable liquids are liquids that have a flashpoint of below 60°C CLASS 6.Hazard classes are represented by symbols: e.

3 – Toxic gas See Guidebook Part B Section 4 for an explanation of all the classes and sub-divisions .1 – Flammable gas Class 2.2 – Non-flammable non-toxic gas Class 2.Some classes are sub-divided into “divisions” Class 2.

a substance classed as a flammable liquid may also be toxic: CARBON DISULPHIDE Class 3 + Sub-risk of class 6.1 See Guidebook Part B section 5 .Multiple hazards (Class + Sub-risk) • Some substances have more than one hazard – They have a main class and a “sub-risk” e.g.

g.UN Number • Every dangerous substance has a UN Number • This is a unique number allocated by the UN • The UN Number is used to locate the dangerous substance entry in the IMDG Dangerous Goods List e. UN 1170 See Guidebook Part B section 6 .

All dangerous goods have a mandatory UN Number. Proper Shipping Name & Class Example: ETHANOL • UN Number • Proper Shipping Name • Class UN 1170 ETHANOL 3 .

Substance name: E.g. Article name: SULPHURIC ACID ROCKET MOTORS See Guidebook Part B section 7 .g.What name shall I give to my dangerous goods? • Every dangerous substance and article is listed in the IMDG Dangerous Goods List under its Proper Shipping Name E.

Proper Shipping Name Common substances & articles: • The Proper Shipping Name is the only name you are permitted to use on your documentation and package labelling • It is the name by which a dangerous substance is listed in the IMDG Dangerous Goods List alphabetical index • This is the only name internationally recognised by the United Nations dangerous goods system .

O.Proper Shipping Names (N.) names . Names) Mixtures & uncommon substances & articles: • Mixtures of dangerous substances and uncommon dangerous substances are not listed in the Dangerous Goods List • They are shipped under generic names called “Not Otherwise Specified” (N.S.O.S.

UN 1993.S.g.S.O. FLAMMABLE LIQUID N.O. • Each generic name is assigned a UN Number e.S Proper Shipping Names are determined for mixtures • A mixture is subjected to classification tests to determine if it should be assigned to any hazard class and sub-risk • If so.g. FLAMMABLE LIQUID N.O. See Guidebook Part B section 7 .How N. the mixture is allocated a generic name that describes the hazard e.

g. • UN 1993. (contains glycol and acetone) • The IMDG Code has a list containing N. generic names that cover all combinations of hazard class and sub-risk – the IMDG Code Dangerous Goods List Appendix A has a comprehensive list .Completing N. names • To complete an N.O.O. name the identity of the dangerous substance(s) must be added in brackets after the generic name e.O.S.O.S.S.S. FLAMMABLE LIQUID N.

There are other classification details that are “conditional” • “Conditional” classification details are those that depend upon the class nature of specific dangerous goods • To find what details are required for a particular substance. 11. 10. 16. 14. 15. 8. refer to the substance entry in the Dangerous Goods List See Part B sections 5. 17 & 19 for full details .

3. 2. Sub-risk Packing group Flashpoint (Class 3 substances only) Marine pollutant .The most common conditional classification details: 1. 4.

Packing Groups: an indication of danger • Some hazard classes require the documentation to show a Packing Group to indicate degree of hazard • “Packing Group” is usually shortened to “PG” • PG I • PG II • PG III Great danger Medium danger Low danger See Guidebook Part B section 8 .

Flashpoint • The flashpoint must be provided for: – Class 3 substances (Flammable Liquids) – Or any substance with a class 3 sub-risk CLASS 3 . See Guidebook Part B section 10 .flammable liquids are liquids that have a flashpoint of less than 60°C.

See Guidebook Part B section 11 . or are highly destructive to the marine environment • Document must state “Marine Pollutant” and packages and cargo transport units display the marine pollutant mark.Marine Pollutants • Substances that bio-accumulate in the marine food chain.

Less common variable details • Some classes require other less common conditional classification details eg: – – – – Solid or liquid form Control & emergency temperature Radioactivity details Explosives details • Refer to the substance entry in the Dangerous Goods List and IMDG 5.4 to see what details may be required .

2 of the IMDG Code .Reminder: How to find classification details • All classification details are found in the various columns of the Dangerous Goods List in Part 3.

3 – Creation of shipper‟s declaration .

they must be accompanied by a formal dangerous goods declaration that complies with IMDG Code requirements – details in the following section . when you despatch the goods.Provision of dangerous goods information from shipper to shipping line • The shipper or forwarder must provide the line with full classification details at the initial booking stage – you will usually be requested to complete a shipping line internal booking request form • Later.

: Shipper’s dangerous goods declaration This example of a shipper’s declaration is taken from page 20 of Guidebook 2 .

Shipper’s dangerous goods declaration • All dangerous goods consignments must be accompanied by a dangerous goods declaration that includes all classification details and is signed by the shipper .

Details required for the dangerous goods declaration • • • • • • • • • Shipper’s address Consignee’s address Ship & voyage details Classification & identification Packaging description Quantity Leading marks Shipper’s signature Place & date of signature See Guidebook Part A sections 3 & 4 .

to be completed only by the container packer .Shipper’s name & address Consignee’s name & address Voyage details Number & type of packaging Leading marks Classification & identification Container details Packing certificate details: not to be completed by the shipper.

Classification details are vital Details of the packaging. classification and substance identification must all be entered on the declaration See IMDG 5.4 See Guidebook Part A sections 3 & 4 .

Classification details Proper Shipping name Class UN Number Sub-risk Packing Group Marine Pollutant Flashpoint Control & emergency temperature Fumigation details Mandatory Mandatory Mandatory (conditional) (conditional) (conditional) (conditional (conditional) (conditional) Radiation details Explosives details (Mandatory for Class 7) (Mandatory for Class 1) .

This is a mandatory text from the IMDG Code. Net & gross quantity of dangerous goods This is where the document is signed and dated by the shipper .Shipper’s declaration: This text confirms that the shipper has accurately described his dangerous goods and they are correctly classified. packaged and labelled according to all national and international legislation.

4 – Packaging & labelling .

Packaging for dangerous goods • Three principles apply to packages: • They must be made to a UN approved design standard • The design type and size must be permitted by the IMDG Code • Each package must be marked and labelled with details of the dangerous goods .

it is your duty to ensure that you select suitable UN–approved packaging for your product See Guidebook Part A section 6 .UN-approved packaging design • Packages used for carriage of dangerous goods must be built to a UN–approved design standard that is stamped with an appropriate packaging design code • As the shipper.

Packaging codes for UN-approved designs Example of a UN code marked on a drum head .

Package design and size permitted by the IMDG Code • The IMDG Code specifies different package designs and maximum safe package sizes for different dangerous goods • These specifications are found in the individual substance entries in the Dangerous Goods List Column numbers 8 to 11 .

Package marking & labelling Each package must display warnings about the dangerous goods inside: – – – – Proper Shipping Name UN Number Class (& sub-risk if applicable) Marine Pollutant mark (marine pollutants only) See Guidebook Part A section 7 .

There are rules for unit loads and overpacks Each individual package in a unit load must be marked and labelled See Guidebook Part A section 7 Overpacks must be marked and labelled and an “OVERPACK” mark must be added .

Packaging: Summary of shipper’s duties • Select suitable packaging coded with the UNapproval mark • Only use package designs and sizes allowed by the IMDG Code (see Dangerous Goods List) • Apply warning marks & label(s) .

5 . aerosols & security . mixed loads.Limited quantities.

Limited quantities • Dangerous goods shipped as “limited quantities” are exempted some of the land and sea transport rules • By sea the main concession is that no segregation is required from other dangerous goods • Another concession is that UN-coded packaging is not required .

Limited quantities In principle limited quantities means shipping in small receptacles protected by outer packaging .

Rules for limited quantities • Weight/capacity of inner and outer packaging for each substance is specified by the IMDG Code (see column 7 of Dangerous Goods List) • Amended shipper‟s declaration required • Marks & labels replaced by limited quantities mark • UN-tested packaging not required See Guidebook Part A section 8 & Part B section 9 .

Segregation: Rules for controlling mixed hazard loads • „Mixed loading‟ means loading different types of dangerous goods together in the same container • Mixed loading creates the possibility of dangerous chemical reaction • Mixed loading is prohibited unless permitted by the IMDG Code segregation rules in IMDG section 7.2 .

Be aware that different types of dangerous goods may have to be packed into different containers The rules of segregation are complex .2 See Guidebook 1 Part A section 9 See Guidebook 3 (Consolidators) Part A section 12 for full details of segregation in containers .see IMDG chapter 7.

documentation and packaging See Guidebook Part B section 19 .Aerosols: special rules • Aerosols are a commonly-shipped commodity that often cause problems • Usually shipped as Limited Quantities (note limited quantities mark) • Aerosols have special rules for classification.

6 – IMDG Code Training .

documentation and segregation from the line .IMDG Code training for shippers • The IMDG Code requires that staff preparing dangerous goods documents and cargo must be trained to understand the rules of the IMDG Code • Shippers and packers may expect to be given advice on classification. package marking & labelling.

Packaging selection.Key training areas for shippers & forwarders 1. Documentation requirements 4. Use of the Code Dangerous Goods List 3. Classification of dangerous goods 2. marking & labelling See Guidebook Part A section 1 .

Have you given your staff proper IMDG Code training? The IMDG Code requires that employers train their employees in both: – – general dangerous goods awareness job-specific functions Refer to the IMDG Code training schedule in section 1.3 to check the functions in which shippers and forwarders are expected to be competent .

4 has provisions for security of dangerous goods in transit • Ports are high security zones See Guidebook Part A section 2 .Security awareness • Some dangerous goods can be used to create explosions. fires and toxic releases in a terrorist context • All personnel should be aware of such hazards and keep information confidential • IMDG Code Chapter 1.

7 – Provision of information to the shipping line .

4) • Details will normally be required on a special dangerous goods booking form .It is your legal duty to correctly declare all dangerous goods to the shipping line Shippers & forwarders take note! • Shipper or forwarder must provide full classification details to the line in advance of shipment • The information will be the same as that required on the shipper’s dangerous goods declaration (IMDG 5.

8 – Summary of presentation & source of further information .

What has been covered in this presentation • This presentation has looked briefly at key duties of the shipper including: • Classification • Packaging & labelling • Shipper’s declaration • Greater detail on these and related topics will be found in Guidebook 3. • Other Guidebooks in the series provide detailed coverage of other topics including: • • • • Segregation Packing certificates Container packing & securing Container marking and placarding .

Important Notice The Guidebooks are a practical operational aid and should be used alongside the IMDG Code They are not a substitute for IMDG Code training – employees should be trained as appropriate for their job and responsibility Technical issues should always be checked against the legal text of the IMDG Code .

lumbers@thomasmiller.com .com For more information contact: Email: karl.ukpandi. Fax: +44 (0)20 7283 5614 http://www.The end This presentation is to introduce the “Book it Right and Pack it Tight” guidebooks to a wide audience and to promote understanding and use of the IMDG Code. 90 Fenchurch Street. London EC3A 5BA Tel: +44 (0)20 7283 4646. Please modify to your own requirements Published by: Thomas Miller P&I Ltd.