1. Research question How does the activities you do daily affect your heartbeat? 2. Objectives To find out how different activities affect your circulatory system 3. Hypothesis Heavier activities will raise a person’s heartbeat, however calmer activities will increase it slightly, and doing nothing will keep your heartbeat normal. 4. Theoretical background The human heart pumps blood into all the parts of the body. The heartbeat we feel is actually the heart muscles pumping the blood. The intensity of how quickly our heart pumps blood depends on the activity a person does. The harder our body has to work the faster our heart pumps blood. There are many other factors that affect your heart rate, but the activities you do affect it the most. On an experiment performed by other people, they came to a conclusion that although running stimulates a greater heartbeat, walking stimulates a greater heartbeat than jogging. 5. a. Materials No materials needed b. Tools - Heartbeat counter - Excel document for recording data - Paper and pencil for recording data on the spot - A clock/stopwatch to count time c. Controlled variables (the variable that remains the same – to make a fair test) 1. The tool to measure our heartbeat 2. Each activity should be done for 5 minutes 3. There should be a 10 minutes rest after each experiment d. Independent variables (The variable that you change or vary for the experiment) 1. The different activities we do (Sleep, sitting, walking, jogging, and running up and down the stairs) e. Dependent variables (The variable that you measure) The heartbeat change after every activity 6. Methods
(Methods is written in flow charts)

a. Simulation of how activities of different activities affect your heartbeat Measure your heartbeat (heartbeat/minute)


Abelhard, Agung, Clarissa, Nadia 
Record Data

Heavy intensity


 


Very light

Run up and down a staircase for five  minutes

Jog for five minutes

Walk for five minutes

Sit down for five minutes

Sleep for 5 mintues

Measure your heartbeat and record the data + the heartbeat change

  then do it again 3 Rest for 10 minutes
times for each activity

7. Results
(It records all the data obtained from your observation; usually it is written in the form of table, graph, diagram, video, or photos)

a. Simulation of how fat is emulsified (dissolved) in the intestines.

Type of activity
Running up and down the staircase

Average Difference/person (heartbeat/minute) Abelhard Agung Clarissa Nadia 22 22 75 29

Average Difference/activity (heartbeat/minute) 37

Jogging Walking Sitting Sleeping

21 6 1 6

30 9 -2 3

63 -6 -1 -1

48 11 -4 3

42 5 -2 3

8. Discussion and Evaluation
(It discusses and evaluates the results; relates the results with the theory)

The circulatory system works to pump blood (holding oxygen) around the body. The circulatory system pumps blood faster the harder the body is put to work. The activities in the experiment represent different activities of different intensities that the human body does everyday.


Abelhard, Agung, Clarissa, Nadia
In the first experiment, a 4 different people measured their heartbeat/minute and were told to run up and down a staircase for 5 straight minutes, than their heartbeat was measured again. Then they would rest for 10 minutes to neutralize their heartbeat and told to repeat the experiment until they have done it three times. This was to find the difference between the heartbeat before and after very intense activities, and the result represents the heartbeat change. Through this experiment, we found out that a person’s heartbeat rises by 37 beats/minute during heavy intensity exercise In the second experiment, the same thing was done except the people were told to jog around a flat surface instead of run up and down a staircase. The independent variable was changed to provide a comparison between very intense activity and intense activity. Through this experiment we have found out that jogging increases a person’s heartbeat by 42 beats/minute In the third experiment, the same thing was done but the independent variable was replaced with walking. The time was the same and the gap between each experiment for each person was the same. The activity walking represents a median to see how much our heartbeat raises in normal activity. From this experiment we found out that a human heart raises 5 beats/minute in medium intensity exercises. In the fourth experiment the same thing was done, except walking was replaced with sitting down. Sitting down represents less intense activities, as your body doesn’t need to support most of it’s own weight when sitting down. From this experiment we discovered that a person’s heartbeat decreases by 2 beats/minutes when experiencing less intense activities. In the fifth experiment the same thing was done, except sitting was replaced with sleeping because when we sleep the body is in a calm state and it doesn't have to support it’s own weight at all. Thus, sleeping represents least intense activities, as it requires very minimal energy. From this experiment we discovered that sleeping raises your heartbeat by 3 beats/minute From the experiments there is no clear pattern, as the order of the affects on activities on the heartbeat go from (1) intense, (2) very intense, (3) median, (4) least intense, (5) less intense. The theory is that the heavier the intensity of an activity the greater your heartbeat will increase, but through our experiment we have found out that the theory is not entirely true. The intense activities increase your heartbeat more then heavy intensity activities and the less intense activities decrease your heartbeat, while the least intense activities increase it slightly. 9. Conclusion
(It relates your discussion with your objective; do they match?)

The intensity of the activities you do affect your heartbeat but not entirely. Activities with higher intensity tend to raise the heartbeat more, although the pattern of what intensity raises the heartbeat the most is vague. When you do activities with less intensity it tends to lower the heartbeat or raise it by very late. Our hypothesis is wrong because we predicted that the order in which the heartbeat is increased would go from most intense to least intense. To return your heartbeat back to normal, we also found out that a person should take a break that is longer then 10 minutes. After the heavy intensity activity, we found out that it takes at least 15 minutes to return your heartbeat to normal, and it is best to do this while sitting compared to any other activity, which also proves the statement that the less intense activity decreases your heartbeat the most. 10. References

Fryer, Wenda. "Activities That Affect Your Heartbeat." Live Healthy. Chron, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://livehealthy.chron.com/activities-affect-heartbeat-4776.html>. Guo, Diane. “Lab Report Heartbeat.” Slideshare. Web. 27 Nov. 2013 <http://www.slideshare.net/gdiane/lab-report-heart-beat>