WCDMA Optimization Related Questions

______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential

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1. What is Significance of Eb !o" On #hat facto$s it is dependent" #ho p$o%ides Eb !o" What is t&pical Eb !o fo$ AMR 1'.' fo$ !ode ( and MS" Answer - Eb_No is related to Q ! of a ser"i#e w$i#$ in ter%s related to bit error rate& Te#$ni#ally it is t$e %ini%'% si(nal to noise needed by infrastr'#t're e)'ip%ent after despreadin( it si(nal& T$is is a "al'e 'sed to #o%pare different infrastr'#t're "endors& Eb_No #$an(es wit$ t$e ser"i#e type& Typi#ally Eb_No for A*+ 12&2 is , db for node . and 8 d. for *!& /t is infrastr'#t're "endor 0N!N1 pro"ides t$e Eb_No for Node .& T$e Eb2N0 "al'e is t$e "al'e t$at needs to be rea#$ed for ins'rin( t$e tar(eted ser"i#e )'ality& T$is is t$e ratio between t$e ener(y per bit for t$e related ser"i#e o"er t$e noise spe#tral effi#ien#y o"er t$e w$ole spreadin( band& T$e spread si(nal is #$ara#teri3ed by t$e ratio of t$e ener(y per #$ip o"er t$e spe#tral noise density E#2N0& '. What effect is the$e on signal b& sp$eading and disp$eading" Answer - !preadin( will in#rease t$e bandwidt$ of a as si(nal& A si(nal of 10 4b2s will be#o%e -0 4b2s after spreadin( and will be#o%e 10 4b2s after despreadin(& T$e pro#essin( (ain ter% e5presses t$e (ain a#$ie"ed by spreadin( a narrow band si(nal o"er a wideband spe#tr'%& T$is (ain is t$e ratio between t$e spreadin( #$ip rate and t$e a#t'al ser"i#e bit rate %eas'red at t$e +LC le"el ). Define *$ocessing +ain. Answer - Pro#essin( 6ain is ratio between rate of spreaded si(nal and rate of non spreaded si(nal& P67 10 lo( 0C$ip rate 2.it rate1 ,. What is a chip $ate of WCDMA S&stem" -o# much is the band#idth $e.ui$ed fo$ WCDMA" Answer8 - 98-0 4#2s& :DD ; *<= of paired band& TDD ; *<3 only& /. What is the p$ocessing gain fo$ )0, 1b s se$%ice" Answer8- 710>Lo(098-0298-1 710>lo( 0101 710>1 710 2. What is the $elationship of S3 and data $ate" Answer? - T$ey are in"ersely proportional& Lower t$e !: $i($er t$e data rate& 4. What is the $elationship bet#een S3 and po#e$ $e.ui$ed" Answer - T$e lower t$e !:@ t$e %ore power re)'ired& 0. What is the $elationship #ith S3 and co%e$age a$ea of diffe$ent se$%ices" Answer8 - T$ey are dire#tly proportional& Lower !: will $a"e less #o"era(e area& :or e5a%ple Co"era(e area de#reases wit$ in#reased t$ro'($p't& /f we #o%pare 12&2 4b2s and 98- 4b2s #o"era(e area&12&2 Ab2s #o"era(e area will be bi((er t$en 98- 4b2s #o"era(e area&

WCDMA Optimization Related Questions
______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential

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5. What is the famil& of codes used fo$ Chanelization in WCDMA Answer8 - rt$o(onal Bariable !preadin( :a#tor&0 B!:1 16. What is the minimum and ma7imum S3 in Do#nlin8 and uplin8 fo$ 3DD Mode"

12@ DplinA se"eral %illions& 14.T$ere is only one fre)'en#y in DownlinA& !C is 'sed to separate #ells& /n 'plinA it is 'sed to differentiate ter%inals& 12. power& :or a 20F 0-9d.E1 .7 2.&1 .C0 #$ips& 15.C #$ips in 'plinA 11. to 90E be#a'se of t$e additional <!DPA #ontrol #$annels re)'ired& 1/.T$e power allo#ated to #ontrol #$annels %ay depend on e)'ip%ent "endor re#o%%endation& Typi#ally no %ore t$an 20E of t$e total Node. What is the Modulation scheme is used in >M<S fo$ %oice se$%ice in Do#nlin8 and uplin8" Answer? . power is allo#ated to #ontrol #$annels@ in#l'din( CP/C<& <owe"er@ if <!DPA is deployed on t$e sa%e #arrier t$en t$e total power allo#ated to #ontrol #$annel %ay (o 'p to 2.and %a5i%'% of .10E of t$e total Node.%1 Node. 99d. What is the usage of sc$ambling code in WCDMA fo$ both do#nlin8 and uplin8" Answer? . What is a t&pical C*9C.C@01 1). ho# man& chips a$e the$e in a slot" Answer8 .Answer? .O< C-A!!E. +i%e a simple definition of pole capacit&" Answer . What is the usage of Channelization code in do#nlin8 and uplin8" Answer?.T$e pole #apa#ity is t$e t$eoreti#al %a5i%'% #apa#ity of t$e syste%& /n FCD*A@ t$is #apa#ity is only t$eoreti#al sin#e@ on#e rea#$ed@ t$e syste% (oes in an instable state t$at leads to its #ollapse& <owe"er it is still a referen#e for e5pressin( t$e load& T$e 'plinA noise in#reases wit$ t$e loadin( e5ponentially& F$en t$e 'plinA noise approa#$es infinity t$en no %ore 'sers #an be added to a #ell G and t$e #ell loadin( is #lose to 100E and $as rea#$ed its Hpole #apa#ityI& *at$e%ati#ally@ to #al#'late t$e 'plinA pole #apa#ity we need to Anow8 W8 #$ip rate 0for D*T! 9@8-0@000 #$ips per se#ond1 R8 'ser data rate 0ass'%in( 12@200 Abps for C!-12&2A1 f8 ot$er-#ell to in-#ell interferen#e ratio 0ass'%in( C. What is the Chanelization code used fo$ *C*9C.*ini%'% of .=" Answer8 .DplinA separation of p$ysi#al data 0DPDC<1 and #ontrol #$annel 0DPCC<1 fro% sa%e ter%inal& DownlinA separation of downlinA #onne#tions to different 'sers wit$in one #ell& 1'.@ CP/C< is aro'nd 2F 09. -o# man& slots a$e the$e in a WCDMA 3$ame" -o# big is a f$ame in ms.%1& /n 'rban areas w$ere in-b'ildin( #o"era(e is taAen #are of by in-b'ildin( installations@ t$e CP/C< %ay so%eti%es (o as low as .12 #$ips in downlinA *ini%'% of .po#e$" Answer .C #$02. -o# man& numbe$s of SC codes a%ailable in Do#nlin8 and >plin8" Answer? . slots wide& /t is 10%s in len(t$& T$ere are 2.CP/C< power typi#ally taAes abo't 8.QP!4 in downlinA and <P!4 0<ybrid P$ase s$ift Aeyin(1 in 'plinA& 10..and %a5i%'% of 2.FCD*A :ra%e is 1.:*9.E be#a'se8 11 T$e #o"era(e area is s%all sin#e 'sers are #lose to t$e site@ and 21 *ore power #an be allo#ated to traffi# #$annels& 1.C0 #$ips in one slot& WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 9 C$ip rate is 98-0 4#2s Len(t$ of fra%e 7 10 %s N'%ber of #$ips in a fra%e 7 98-0 >10798-00 #$ips N'%ber of #$ips in a slot 7 98-0021. -o# much po#e$ usuall& a !ode( is allocated to cont$ol channels" Answer .DownlinA .

1 A:8 A#ti"ity fa#tor 0ass'%in( . What do &ou unde$stand b& DRA c&cle" Answer .T$e DE listens to t$e P/C< only at #ertain predefined ti%es@ red'#in( power #ons'%ption& T$e periodi#ity of t$ese sear#$es is set by t$e syste% and t$e ti%e inter"al is #alled Dis#ontin'o's +e#eption 0D+M1 #y#le& Different D+M #y#les are 'sed for #ir#'it swit#$ed and pa#Aet swit#$ed ser"i#es in /dle %ode& A separate D+M #y#le is also 'sed to pa(e Conne#ted %ode DEs in state D+A_PC<& .d.@ *S?1'0 and *S?)0. What is cell selection c$ite$ion" Answer .E1 Pole Capa#ity 7 0F2+1 2 001.C #$ips '4. -o# man& Se$%ice Radio (ea$e$s :SR(= a$e in%ol%ed in CS %oice call" Answer G '2.EbNo8 Eb2No re)'ire%ent 0ass'%in( .0E1 Pole Capa#ity 7 0F2+1 2 001Jf1 > A: > 10K0EbNo21011 7 120&C To #al#'late t$e downlinA pole #apa#ity we also need to Anow8 α8 downlinA #$annels ort$o(onality fa#tor 0ass'%in( .Cell sele#tion is based on8 Q%ean8 t$e a"era(e !/+ of t$e tar(et #ell& Q%in8 %ini%'% re)'ired !/+& P#o%pensation8 a #orre#tion "al'e for differen#e DE #lasses& ! 7 Q%ean .. What is t&pical pole capacit& fo$ CS?1'.channel consists of ho# man& chips" Answer .0DL1& P!-98-A8 1C&2 0DL1@ 2&8 0DL1& P!-98-A $as only 128A on t$e 'plinA@ t$erefore t$e 'plinA #apa#ity is t$e sa%e for bot$& 21& Diffe$ent 9dle mode tas8s >E pe$fo$ms Answer . SC.α Jf1 > 10K0EbNo21011 7 C-&0C '6..'@ *S?2. -o# man& Radio (ea$e$s :R(= a$e in%ol%ed in CS %oice call" Answer G 9 '/.2." Answer .) Channel" Answer G ./n /dle %ode@ t$e DE $as no #onne#tion to t$e radio networA 4eepin( DEs in /dle %ode %ini%i3es t$e 'se of reso'r#es bot$ for t$e DEs and in t$e networA& <owe"er@ t$e DEs %'st still be able to a##ess t$e syste% and be rea#$ed by t$e syste% wit$ a##eptable delays& :or t$is@ t$e followin( pro#ed'res need to be perfor%ed8 PL*N sele#tion and resele#tion Cell sele#tion and resele#tion Lo#ation Area 0LA1 and +o'tin( Area 0+A1 'pdatin( Pa(in( WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential !yste% infor%ation broad#ast ''. 9dle Mode (eha%iou$ is managed b& S&stem info$mation send on #hich .Q%in .P#o%pensation /f !L0 t$en t$e #ell is a "alid #andidate& A DE will #a%p on t$e #ell wit$ t$e $i($est !& ').Fit$ sa%e ass'%ptions as abo"e8 C!-12&2A8 120&C 0DL1@ C-&1 0DL1& P!-C-A8 9-&8 0DL1@ 12&80DL1& P!-128A8 1C&2 0DL1@ 8&.C< '.

oop *o#e$ cont$ol T$e open-loop power #ontrol te#$ni)'e re)'ires t$at t$e trans%ittin( entity %eas'res t$e #$annel interferen#e and adN'sts its trans%ission power a##ordin(ly& T$is #an be done )'i#Aly@ b't t$e proble% is t$at t$e interferen#e esti%ation is done on t$e re#ei"ed si(nal@ and t$e trans%itted si(nal probably 'ses a different fre)'en#y@ w$i#$ differs fro% t$e re#ei"ed fre)'en#y by t$e syste%Os d'ple5 offset& As 'plinA and downlinA fast fadin( 0on different fre)'en#y #arriers1 do not #orrelate@ t$is %et$od (i"es t$e ri($t power "al'es only on a"era(e& 9nne$ . Answer .'0. Diffe$ence bet#een *9C.and *C-" Answer .pen Loop /nner Loop 'ter Loop Open .CELL :AC< '5.Periodi# LA and +A 'pdatin( is 'sed to notify t$e networA of t$e DEs a"ailability@ and to a"oid 'nne#essary pa(in( atte%pts for a DE t$at $as lost #o"era(e and is not able to infor% t$e CN t$at it is ina#ti"e& T$e periodi# LA 'pdate pro#ed're is #ontrolled by a ti%er@ #alled t9212@ w$i#$ (i"es t$e ti%e inter"al between two #onse#'ti"e periodi# lo#ation 'pdates& T$e "al'e is sent by t$e FCD*A +AN to DEs on t$e .CC<& F$en a para%eter in t$e syste% infor%ation is #$an(ed@ all DE in a #ell are notified by a pa(in( %essa(e or by a syste% infor%ation #$an(e indi#ation %essa(e& 91& E7plain <ime$ <)'1'" Answer .oop /n t$is %et$od t$e re#ei"ed signal-to interference ratio 0!/+1 is %eas'red o"er a CCP%i#rose#ond period 0i&e&@ one ti%e slot1@ and based on t$at "al'e@ a de#ision is %ade abo't w$et$er to in#rease or de#rease t$e trans%ission power in t$e ot$er end of t$e #onne#tion& Note t$at t$e delay in$erent in t$is #losed-loop %et$od is #o%pensated for by %aAin( t$e %eas're%ents o"er a "ery s$ort period of ti%e& T$e transmit power control 0TPC1 bits are sent in e"ery ti%e slot wit$in t$e 'plinA and t$e downlinA& T$ere is not a ne'tral si(nal? all power #ontrol si(nals #ontain eit$er an in#rease or de#rease #o%%and& Oute$ .T$e syste% infor%ation is re('larly broad#ast to t$e DE on t$e . !ame th$ee loops in *o#e$ cont$ol 9n WCDMA" E7plain them b$iefl&.P/C<-Pa(in( /ndi#ator C$annel PC<-Pa(in( C$annel P/C< is 'sed to indi#ate DE to w$en it s$o'ld read to !-CCPC< 0Carries PC<1 w$ereas PC< is 'sed to #arry ++C *essa(e HPa(in( type 1I w$i#$ #ontains a#t'al Pa(in( infor%ation& )6. Cell Reselection is %alid in both 9dle and in #hich Sate in Connected mode" Answer .CC<& )'.oop . Answer? . When is S&stem info$mation sent to >E" WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential . E7plain !ea$ fa$ effect" Answer?.All 'sers 'se t$e sa%e bandwidt$ at t$e sa%e ti%e and t$erefore 'sers interfere wit$ one anot$er& D'e to t$e propa(ation pat$ loss@ t$e si(nal re#ei"ed by t$e base station fro% a DE #lose to t$e base station will be stron(er t$an t$e !i(nal re#ei"ed fro% anot$er ter%inal lo#ated at t$e bo'ndary& <en#e@ t$e distant 'ser will be do%inated by t$e #lose 'ser& T$is is #alled t$e nea$?fa$ effect& To a#$ie"e a #onsiderable #apa#ity@ all si(nals@ irrespe#ti"e of distan#e@ s$o'ld arri"e at t$e base station wit$ t$e sa%e %ean power& A sol'tion to t$is proble% is po#e$ cont$ol@ w$i#$ atte%pts to a#$ie"e t$e sa%e %ean re#ei"ed power for ea#$ 'ser& )).

! & constantBalueCp$ach is 'sed by t$e DE to #al#'late t$e initial power on t$e P+AC< & T$is para%eter is #onfi('rable and de#ides at w$i#$ le"el below +TFP prea%ble ra%pin( will start& )0.1. d.WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential C T$e o'ter loop power #ontrol f'n#tions wit$in t$e base station syste%@ and adN'sts t$e re)'ired !/+ "al'e 0!/+tar(et1@ w$i#$ is t$en 'sed in t$e inner loop #ontrol& Different #$annel types@ w$i#$ #an be #$ara#teri3ed by@ for e5a%ple@ different #odin( and interlea"in( %et$ods@ #onstit'te a #$annelOs para%eters& Different #$annel para%eters %ay re)'ire different !/+tar(et "al'es& T$e final res'lt of t$e trans%ission pro#ess #an only be Anown after t$e de#odin( pro#ess@ and t$e res'ltin( )'ality para%eter is t$en 'sed to adN'st t$e re)'ired !/+ "al'e& /f t$e 'sed !/+ "al'e still (i"es a low )'ality bit strea%@ t$en t$e o'ter loop power #ontrol %'st in#rease t$e !/+tar(et "al'e& T$is #$an(e in t$e o'ter loop will tri((er t$e inner loop power #ontrol to in#rease t$e %obile station trans%ission power a##ordin(ly ).lo#A Error +ate 9P& -o# is 9nitial RAC. E7plain the functionalit& of <*C" Answer G D'rin( Power Control@ Trans%it Power #ontrol0TPC1 #o%%ands are 'sed to power 'p or power down based on !/+ tar(et in t$e step of 0&.!/+ is t$e !i(nal-to-/nterferen#e +atio G t$e ratio of t$e ener(y in dedi#ated p$ysi#al #ontrol #$annel bits to t$e power density of interferen#e and noise after dispreadin(& )/.oop *o#e$ Cont$ol happens and #hat t&pe of fading it compensates" Answer . 0 1 d. What po#e$ RAC.1.. -o# man& t&pes of hando%e$s a$e the$e in >M<S" . What is S9R" Answer . if t$e #onne#tion is %ade o"er /'r1& .pen Loop power #ontrol is 'sed w$en no feedba#A %e#$anis% is possible& An esti%ate of t$e re)'ired power is %ade fro% %eas're%ents and syste% infor%ation& T$is is 'sed for initial networA a##ess and findin( initial power settin(s d'rin( dedi#ated %ode& WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential P .*o#e$ is calculated" Answer .is deter%ined a##ordin( to e)'ation P_P+AC< 7 L_PCP/C< J +TFP J constantBalueCp$ach F$ere L_PCP/C< is t$e pat$ loss esti%ated by DE sin#e it Anows trans%it Q re#ei"e CP/C< power +TFP is re#ei"ed Total Fideband Power0'plinA interferen#e1 %eas'red by +.ER" Answer .message Cont$ol *a$t is sent" Answer . What is (.6. ($iefl& desc$ibe #h& open loop po#e$ cont$ol is needed and ho# it #o$8s" Answer .t$e power of t$e first prea%ble .. -o# man& time 9nne$ .00<3 and #o%pensates :ast :adin(& )2.T$e initial power on t$e P+AC< .T$e power of t$e #ontrol part of t$e +AC< %essa(e is deter%ined by t$e power of t$e last trans%itted prea%ble and by a #onfi('rable offset po#e$Offset*pm )5.

:or e"ery new 'ser added to t$e ser"i#e@ additional noise is added to t$e networA& T$at is@ ea#$ new 'ser #a'ses a Hnoise riseI& /n t$eory@ t$e Hnoise riseI is defined as t$e ratio of total re#ei"ed wideband power to t$e noise power& <i($er Hnoise riseI "al'e i%plies %ore 'sers are allowed on t$e networA@ and ea#$ 'ser $as to trans%it $i($er power to o"er#o%e t$e $i($er noise le"el& T$is %eans s%aller pat$ loss #an be tolerated and t$e #ell radi's is red'#ed& To s'%%ari3e@ a $i($er noise rise %eans $i($er #apa#ity and s%aller footprint@ a lower noise rise %eans s%aller #apa#ity and bi((er footprint& .!& /t a#ts as %a#ro di"ersity sin#e DE is #onne#ted to %ore t$an one radio linA at any (i"en point@ adds red'ndan#y and red'#es interferen#e& <owe"er t$ere is a tradeoff between soft2softer $ando"er Q syste% #apa#ity& A DE in"ol"ed in !oft2!ofter <ando"er 'ses se"eral radio linAs@ %ore DL #$anneli3ation #odes@ and %ore DL power t$an a sin(le-linA #onne#tion& Conse)'ently@ if all t$e DEs #onne#ted to a parti#'lar +NC are #onsidered@ %ore reso'r#es are needed in t$e +. Define Acti%e Set" *$os and Cons of ha%ing a small o$ longe$ Acti%e Set.'. What is Cnoise $iseD" What does a highe$ noise $ise mean in te$ms of net#o$8 loading" WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 8 Answer .A#ti"e !et #onsists of (ro'p of #ells t$at taAes part in soft2softer $ando"er Q %eas're by DE& Typi#al si3e of A#ti"e set is 9 or .2. Which lin8 is $e. What is *ilot *ollution" Answer .ui$ed to pe$fo$m 9nte$ R!C S-O" Answer -/'r .& :or e5a%ple@ if t$ere are %ore t$an 2 #ells 0besides t$e stron(est #ell1 wit$in -d...).to Cd. Answer ././n !oft <ando"er@ t$e DE #onne#tion #onsists of at least two radio linAs establis$ed wit$ #ells belon(in( to different +.!i%ply speaAin(@ w$en t$e n'%ber of stron( #ells e5#eeds t$e a#ti"e set si3e@ t$ere is Hpilot poll'tionI in t$e area& Typi#ally t$e a#ti"e set si3e is 9@ so if t$ere are %ore t$an 9 stron( #ells t$en t$ere is pilot poll'tion& Definition of Hstron( #ellI8 pilots wit$in t$e $ando"er window si3e fro% t$e stron(est #ell& Typi#al $ando"er window si3e is between . of t$e stron(est #ell t$en . What is the ta$get fo$ soft hando%e$ in WCDMA net#o$8s" Answer . E7plain Soft and Softe$ hando%e$" +i%e some ad%antage and disad%antage fo$ soft hando%e$.Answer G !oft2!ofter <ando"er /nter :re)'en#y <ando"er /nter +AT <ando"er Core NetworA <ard <ando"er !er"i#e based $ando"er to 6!* <!DPA *obility .Q (enerally a standard pra#ti#e in all FCD*A networAs& A s%all a#ti"e set si3e %ay pro"ide %ore reso'r#es a"ailable d'e to less soft2softer $ando"er b't at t$e e5pense of $ando"er (ain t$ereby red'#in( t$e #apa#ity Q linA red'ndan#y .!s@ %ore reso'r#es o"er t$e /'b and /'r interfa#es@ and %ore reso'r#es in t$e +NC& :or t$is reason@ t$e n'%ber of radio linAs in"ol"ed in t$e !oft2!ofter $ando"er %'st be li%ited A typi#al tar(et for soft $ando"er in FCD*A networA is less t$an or e)'al to 90E .!s& /n !ofter $ando"er@ t$e DE #onne#tion #onsists of at least two radio linAs establis$ed wit$ #ells belon(in( to t$e sa%e +.

Capa#ity *ana(e%ent is responsible for t$e #ontrol of t$e load in t$e #ell& /t #onsists of 9 %ain f'n#tions8 1& Dedi#ated *onitored +eso'r#e <andlin(8 tra#As 'tili3ation of #riti#al reso'r#es of t$e syste%& 2& Ad%ission Control8 a##epts2ref'ses ad%ission re)'ests based on t$e #'rrent load on t$e dedi#ated %onitored reso'r#es and t$e #$ara#teristi#s of t$e re)'est 9& Con(estion Control8 dete#ts2resol"es o"erload sit'ations /4.& /).0. -o# man& finge$s does a >E $a8e $ecei%e$ ha%e" Answer G . What is OC!S" Answer .Co%pressed %ode is a p$ysi#al layer f'n#tion t$at allows t$e DE to te%porarily t'ne to anot$er fre)'en#y@ and %eas're t$e +: en"iron%ent of anot$er D*T! fre)'en#y 0e&(& /:< 1 or anot$er te#$nolo(y 0e&(& /+AT1@ w$ile %aintainin( an e5istin( dedi#ated #$annel . What is Ccell b$eathingD and #h&" Answer . 9s >M<S an uplin8?limited o$ do#nlin8?limited s&stem" Answer G /nitially@ A typi#al FCD*A networA is DplinA Li%ited& Later a Loaded NetworA be#o%es DownlinA Li%ites& //.rt$o(onal Carrier Noise !i%'lator /2.5. Suppose t#o >E a$e se$%ed b& the same cell@ the >E #ith #ea8e$ lin8 :poo$ R3 condition= uses mo$e Ccapacit&D@ #h& does this mean" Answer .T$e #ell #o"era(e s$rinAs as t$e loadin( in#reases@ t$is is #alled #ell breat$in(& WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential R /n t$e 'plinA@ as %ore and %ore DE are ser"ed by a #ell@ ea#$ DE needs to trans%it $i($er power to #o%pensate for t$e 'plinA noise rise& As a #onse)'en#e@ t$e DE wit$ weaAer linA 0DE at (reater distan#e1 %ay not $a"e eno'($ power to rea#$ t$e Node. 9f &ou ha%e ) cells in &ou$ Acti%e Set and a d$op call occu$s@ #hich Cell a D$op call #ould be pegged" Answer .!er"in( Cell in A#ti"e !et /. >nde$ #hat ci$cumstances can a !ode( $each its capacit&" What a$e the capacit& limitations" Answer .. When in )?#a& soft hando%e$@ if a >E $ecei%es po#e$ do#n $e.Node.4. What Resou$ces a$e monito$ed fo$ Capacit& Management" . G t$erefore a #o"era(e s$rinAa(e& /n t$e downlinA@ t$e Node.T$e DE wit$ weaAer +: linA will re)'ire Node. What is Ccomp$essed modeD" Answer .uest f$om one cell and po#e$ up $e.t$ere is pilot poll'tion& . also needs to trans%it $i($er power as %ore DE are bein( ser"ed& As a #onse)'en#e DE wit$ weaAer linA 0(reater distan#e1 %ay not be rea#$able by t$e Node. rea#$es its %a5i%'% trans%it power@ r'ns o't of its #$annel ele%ents@ 'plinA noise rise rea#$es its desi(n tar(et@ et#& /'.DE will power down be#a'se if a #ell is able to s'stain a (ood #onne#tion wit$ one #ell on lower power le"el it will dis#ard power 'p %essa(es fro% ot$er #ells& /t also $elps in %aintainin( low interferen#e le"el for ot$er s'rro'ndin( DEOs& /6. ($iefl& desc$ibe Capacit& Management and its functions" Answer .uest f$om the othe$ ' cells@ should the >E po#e$ up o$ do#n and #h&" Answer . to trans%it $i($er traffi# power in order to rea#$ t$e DE@ res'ltin( in less power for ot$er DE G t$erefore #ons'%es %ore H#apa#ity /1.

& /nade)'ate !< t$res$old defined& 2'. What a$e the maFo$ diffe$ences bet#een +SM and >M<S hando%e$ decision" Answer G 6!*8 Ti%e-based %obile %eas'res of +5Le" and +5Q'al G %obile sends %eas're%ent report e"ery !AC< period 0-80%s1& .Ses WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 10 26.& 21. -o# does >E camp :s&nch$onize= to a !ode(" Answer G 1& DE 'ses t$e pri%ary syn#$roni3ation #$annel 0P-!C<1 for slot ali(n%ent 0T! syn#$roni3ation1& 2& After ali(nin( to Node. A$e S&stem 9nfo$mation (loc8s :S9(= t$ansmitted all the time" Answer .! C$annel Ele%ents /0." Ans#e$ E e1a G a Pri%ary CP/C< enters t$e reportin( ran(e@ i&e& add a #ell to a#ti"e set& e1b G a pri%ary CP/C< lea"es t$e reportin( ran(e@ i&e& re%o"ed a #ell fro% a#ti"e set& e1# G a non-a#ti"e pri%ary CP/C< be#o%es better t$an an a#ti"e pri%ary CP/C<@ i&e& repla#e a #ell& e1d8 #$an(e of best #ell& e1e8 a Pri%ary CP/C< be#o%es better t$an an absol'te t$res$old& . What could be the cause of soft hando%e$ failu$e" Answer G Dndefined nei($bors ne way Nei($bor definition DE iss'e& +eso'r#e 'na"ailable at tar(et Node.!C instr'#ts %obile to $ando"er based on t$ese reports& D*T!8 E"ent-tri((ered reportin( G DE sends a %eas're%ent report only on #ertain e"ent Htri((ersI& DE plays %ore part in t$e $ando"er de#ision& 2. What a$e the th$ee sets in hando%e$" Ans#e$ E A#ti"e !et *onitored !et Dete#ted !et 2). ti%e slot@ DE t$en 'ses se#ondary syn#$roni3ation #$annel 0!!C<1 to obtain fra%e syn#$roni3ation and s#ra%blin( #ode (ro'p identifi#ation& 9& DE t$en 'ses s#ra%blin( #ode /D to obtain CP/C<@ t$'s #a%pin( to a Node.Answer G DL Power +e#ei"ed Total Fideband power B!: Codes +. What a$e the e%ents 1a@ 1b@ 1c@ etc. What Radio Measu$ements a$e used fo$ Congestion Monito$ing" Answer G DownlinA +e#ei"ed Power DplinA +e#ei"ed Total Fideband Power /5..

What a$e e%ent 'a?'d and )a?)d" Answer G WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 11 E"ents 2a-2d are for inter-fre)'en#y $ando"er %eas're%ents and e"ents 9a-9d are for /+AT $ando"er %eas're%ents& e9a8 t$e D*T! #ell )'ality $as %o"ed below a t$res$old and a 6!* #ell )'ality $ad %o"ed abo"e a t$res$old& e9b8 t$e 6!* #ell )'ality $as %o"ed below a t$res$old& e9#8 t$e 6!* #ell )'ality $as %o"ed abo"e a t$res$old& e9d8 t$ere was a #$an(e in t$e order of best 6!* #ell list& 22. What 8ind of -ando%e$ ta8es place in .oad Sha$ing" Answer G /tOs a blind $ando"er to t$e #o-lo#ated #ell& /:< i&e& WCDMA Optimization Related Questions .e1f8 a Pri%ary CP/C< be#o%es worse t$an an absol'te t$res$old& 2/. What ma& happen #hen the$eGs a missing neighbo$ o$ an inco$$ect neighbo$" Answer G A##ess fail're and $ando"er fail're8 %ay atte%pt to a##ess to a wron( s#ra%blin( #ode& Dropped #all8 DE not aware of a stron( s#ra%blin( #ode@ stron( interferen#e& Poor data t$ro'($p't& Poor "oi#e )'ality& Et#& 24.est :re)'en#y E"ent 2b8 T$e esti%ated )'ality of t$e #'rrently 'sed fre)'en#y is below a #ertain t$res$old and t$e esti%ated )'ality of a non-'sed fre)'en#y is abo"e a #ertain t$res$old E"ent 2#8 T$e esti%ated )'ality of a non-'sed fre)'en#y is abo"e a #ertain t$res$old E"ent 2d8 T$e esti%ated )'ality of t$e #'rrently 'sed fre)'en#y is below a #ertain t$res$old E"ent 2e8 T$e esti%ated )'ality of a non-'sed fre)'en#y is below a #ertain t$res$old E"ent 2f8 T$e esti%ated )'ality of t$e #'rrently 'sed fre)'en#y is abo"e a #ertain t$res$old T$e /nter-:re)'en#y <ando"er E"al'ation bases its de#ision on P-CP/C< )'ality %eas'res on t$e #'rrently 'sed fre)'en#y and on one or %ore non-'sed fre)'en#ies& /f t$e e"al'ation res'lt is positi"e@ one #ell on a non-'sed fre)'en#y is proposed to /nter-:re)'en#y $ando"er E5e#'tion& /nter-:re)'en#y <ando"er is a $ard $ando"er w$ere t$e DE is ordered by t$e networA to t'ne to anot$er fre)'en#y& T$is %eans t$at t$ere will be s%all interr'ptions in t$e data flow to and fro% t$e DE& 20. -o# is inte$?f$e.uenc& -ando%e$ t$igge$ed" Answer G T$e networA de#ides t$at inter fre)'en#y %eas're%ents need to be perfor%ed and sends t$e *EA!D+E*ENT C NT+ L *E!!A6E wit$ *eas're%ent type set to /nter-:re)'en#y %eas're%ents& 6enerally it will set an E"ent as well alon( wit$ t$e %eas're%ents& T$e followin( are list of E"ents t$at #an tri((er *eas're%ent +eport& E"ent 2a8 C$an(e of .

What 39AED S3 is used fo$ -SD*A" Answer G !: 1C@ %a5i%'% of . for 2*bps& 4). What do &ou unde$stand b& 93-O" Answer G /:< G /nter :re)'en#y <ando"er 46. What -S Channels a$e int$oduced in -SD*A in . What is Eb !o $e.ui$ement fo$ -SD*A" Answer G T$e Eb2No re)'ire%ent for <!DPA "aries wit$ 'ser bit rate 0data rate1@ typi#ally 2 for PC8Abps and . -o# *o#e$ Cont$ol is implemented in -SD*A" Answer . What do &ou unde$stand b& Di$ected Ret$&" Answer G F$en t$ere is a #o-e5istin( 6!* +AN@ e5#ess traffi# in a FCD*A #ell %ay be offloaded to 6!* /f a #all is #$osen for Dire#ted +etry to 6!*@ t$e re)'est for t$e spee#$ +A. What can #e t$& to imp$o%e #hen access failu$e is high" Answer G F$en a##ess fail're is $i($ we #an try t$e followin( to i%pro"e +AC< perfor%an#e8 /n#rease %a5i%'% DE trans%it power allowed8 *a5_allowed_DL_TM_Power& /n#rease power )'i#Aly8 power_ ffset_P0& /n#rease n'%ber of prea%bles sent in a (i"en prea%ble #y#le8 prea%ble_+etrans_*a5& /n#rease t$e n'%ber of prea%ble #y#les8 %a5_Prea%ble_Cy#le& /n#rease n'%ber of ++C Conne#tion +e)'est retries8 N900& 4'.1" Answer G <!-PD!C< G <i($ !peed P$ysi#al DownlinA !$ared C$annel <!-!CC< G <i($ !peed !$ared Control C$annel 4./nitial Power is set in t$e sa%e way as open Loop Power #ontrol of DC< Q t$ere is no f'rt$er power #ontrol on <!DPA !$ared C$annel <!-D!C<& T$e C$annel +ate is #ontrolled by adapti"e %od'lation Q #odin( for%ats& WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 19 T$e prin#iples and f'n#tionality of t$e power #ontrol for t$e <!DPA asso#iated dedi#ated #$annels are t$e sa%e as for t$e DPC< power #ontrol& <!-DPCC< power is an offset relati"e to DPCC< dependin( 'pon w$et$er t$e DE is in soft $andoff or not& T$e Power for <!-!CC< is fi5ed& 4/. #odes& 42. will be reNe#ted wit$ #a'se TDire#ted retryT and t$en a re)'est is %ade to t$e #ore networA to relo#ate t$e DE to a spe#ifi# 6!* #ell@ 'sin( t$e /nter-+AT $ando"er pro#ed're& T$is $ando"er is a blind one sin#e t$e tar(et #ell is #$osen not based on DE %eas're%ents& T$erefore@ t$e tar(et #ell %'st be #o-lo#ated wit$ t$e FCD*A #ell& Co-lo#ated 6!* #ells are ass'%ed to $a"e si%ilar #o"era(e and a##essibility as t$eir respe#ti"e FCD*A #ells& 41.______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 12 25.. What do &ou unde$stand b& CQ9 Measu$ements" .

Answer G C$annel Q'ality Esti%ation 0CQ/1 for <!DPA sessions only& /n order to aid s#$ed'lin( and T:+C sele#tion in t$e +.LE+ for spee#$ )'ality& F$at 4P/Vs do we looA atU 0'sin( stats et#&&&1A##essibility and +etainability F$at tools do we 'seUTe%s Bis'alisation@ !!-+C 0FNC! and F*++1@ Te%s data #olle#tion@ Te%s +o'te Analysis0$e 'ses A#ti5 t$o'($ . What t&pe of Channel Coding is used fo$ Boice and Data se$%ices" Answer G Boi#e G Con"ol'tion Codin( Data G T'rbo #odin( Mo$e QuestionsH <ow yo' define t$e 96 #o"era(e@ and $ow yo' #an i%pro"e it <ow yo' tro'bles$ootin( t$e a##essibility proble%s wit$ (i"en e5a%ple F$at t$e sol'tion for #apa#ity iss'es@ and w$at para%eters yo' #an #$an(e to i%pro"e t$e #apa#ity <ow #an i%pro"e <!DPA ser"i#e& <ow wo'ld yo' start t$e desi(n pro#ess w$at are t$e basi# inp'ts re)'ired F$at are t$e desi(n 4P/s 0e&( +!CP@ E#2No@C!!+@ DC+1U F$at s$o'ld be t$e !ofter2!oft $ando"er per#enta(e in t$e networAU F$at are t$e effe#ts if !oft2!ofter $ando"er in#reasesU At a #ertain ti%e %a5& $ow %any #ells #an be#o%e A#ti"e !et for a DEU <ow wo'ld yo' start opti%i3ation pro#ess for a #l'sterU <ow wo'ld yo' analy3e drop #allsU F$at are t$e +a#A re#ei"ersU <ow does t$e power #ontrol worAs in FCD*A networAsU F$at is t$e differen#e btw +!!/ Q +!CPU F$at if +!!/ be#o%es $i($ w$en t$e +!CP of t$e a#ti"e set is lowU <ow wo'ld yo' sele#t t$e atenna U F$i#$ antenna is better C.%ore or less t$e sa%e1@ Atoll0or si%ilar #ell plannin(1@ !tats pa#Aa(e 0Bis'al presentation of Eri#sson #o'nters1& Explain the call scenario and signaling process when you make a call using a mobile: .E+2.!@ t$e DE sends a #$annel )'ality indi#ator 0CQ/1 report on t$e 'plinA& T$e CQ/ report esti%ates t$e n'%ber of bits t$at #an be trans%itted to t$e DE 'sin( a #ertain ass'%ed <!-PD!C< power wit$ a blo#A error rate of 10E 44.%in e)'i"alent #alls@ blo#A rate et#& So' #an ('ess 'plinA interferen#e fro% DET5power@ .de( or R0 De( .&FU 'nder w$at #onditions yo' wo'ld sele#t one of t$e%U Layer 9 %s(in( for "oi#e #all set'p& Layer 9 *s(in( for /+AT& F$at are e"ents 9a@ 2d@ and 2fU F$at is #o%pressed %odeU WCDMA Optimization Related Questions ______________________________________________________________________ ♥ 2008 DTEL Proprietary and Confidential 1F$at is pole #apa#ityU F$at is pilot #$annel poll'tionU $ow it #an be #ontrolled w$at CD+ and A## rate we are r'nnin( at t$e %o%ent& !o $e wanted to Anow $ow we went abo't it& et#&& F$at do we do wit$ Dri"e test dataU F$at 4P/Vs #an we (et fro% dri"e testU looA for poor E#2No& /s it res'lt of poor #o"era(e or pilot poll'tionU /s it possible to 'ptilt2downtilt or #$an(e a3i%'t$ to fi5 +: #onditions8 / ass'%e fro% a lon( dri"e yo' #an deter%ine drops rate based on .

what data you will be looking for..... advantage.dialing the number. what problems you find mostly..till the call is successful what causes call setup failures the process of Model Tuning (design uestion! and what parameters are acceptable after you tune the model "n #ctix spotlight. what e uipments you using what causes drop calls and handover failures what triggers the %E to handover between &' to (': how. etc. analy$e log files. recommendations and solutions you make how you load. call acknowledgment.. why. parameters responsible for that. parameters involved. )#* services .