# DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

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Basics of mechanical testing. fundamental law of gearing and application to gear drives and planetary transmissions. Torsion. Fundamentals of computational solid mechanics Applied Mathematics Linear Algebra: Solving linear systems of the form Ax=b. linear transformations Boundary and initial value problems First order and second order linear differential equations.Comprehensive Examination Syllabus DESIGN Solid Mechanics Introduction to Strength of materials: Principles of statics.elastic deformation and plastic deformation. lines and planes. Concept of true stress and strain. force analysis in kinematically driven mechanisms. Power spectral density concepts and frequency response Kinematics and Dynamics Fundamentals of engineering mechanics – statics and dynamics Vector loop methods for kinematic analysis of mechanisms. hardness and impact testing . Conservation laws. Hooke’s law. Generalized Hooke’s law. Stress and strain. virtual work principles in dynamics and single degree-of-freedom vibrating systems (free and forced) Materials Science & Engineering Crystal structure – Crystallographic points. convolution and Laplace transforms for solution of initial value problems Signal Analysis Discrete-time system properties. eigenvalues and eigenvectors (including generalized eigenproblems). Mohr’s circle. Linearized theory of elasticity. Fourier series and periodic solutions to two-point boundary value problems. sampling. Euler’s buckling and Mechanical behaviour of material under uni-axial tension and shear loadings. Elastic constant relationship. Imperfections in solids. Stress and Strain Tensors. Airy Stress function. least squares solution. Mechanical properties of materials. symmetric and positive definite matrices. Moments of inertia. Free body diagram. DFT and FFT. stresses and deflection due to bending. separation of variables. Plane problems. Mechanics of Solids: Vectors and Tensors. square and non-square matrix A. Principles of virtual work and Variational method. static and dynamic balancing.

Modes of crack propagation. accelerometers. Mean stress effects in fatigue. Errors in measurements. solid solution strengthening. High temperature deformation behavior of materials (creep): Definition.Basic failure theories.Heat treatment methods and their impact on material properties. Strain energy release rate (G). Failure. precipitation/dispersion hardening. fatigue life improvement methods. Stress intensity factor (K). Strengthening mechanisms in solids: Work hardening. Data sampling and computerized data acquisition systems. Regression analysis. Measurements and Data Analysis Typical sensors and transducers. Measurement system behavior and models. Stress field at the tip of a crack. pressure transducers. creep behavior of pure metals. Fatigue of materials – S-N diagram. correlation and other statistical methods (ANOVA and factorial design of experiments). polymeric composites (or) b) ceramics. Fracture behavior of materials: Concept of stress concentration Griffith energy balance concept. Role of stress concentrators on fatigue life. acoustic and ultrasonic transducers and electromagnetic sensors. G and K equivalence. stress. Uncertainty analysis applied to data reduction.strain gauge. temperature and time dependence on strain rates. grain boundary strengthening. solid solutions. Basics of: a) polymers. . mechanisms of deformation in single and polycrystalline materials.

comparators.problems associated with high precision measurements.non ferrous alloys and their applicationsspecial alloys.Non contact sensors for surface finish measurements Image processing and its application in metrology. speckle measurements.metal matrix and ceramic matrix composites. Coordinate Measuring Machine. Computer Aided Metrology. USM.cutting fluids-dynamic stability of metal cutting systems. High speed machining.glasses-glass ceramics-fabrication methods.Shop floor standards and their classification.shear angle theories.abrasive processes. MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING Theory of metal cutting.Non contact CMM Electro optical sensors for dimensional metrology.Light interference. Gear and Thread measurements. machining of polymers.Laser interferometer. Automation tools. Laser metrology. LBM. AWJM.cutting tool materials. selective assembly.mechanics of cutting.-mechanism of metal removal characteristic features and applications in each case. FMS . Hard and soft automation. Role of CIM.principles and interfacing. Angular measurements .defects in metallic structure.tool wear and tool life. Automation and Sensors Automation concepts: Definitions. Line balancing and techniques. thermal behavior. ADVANCED MATERIALS AND PROCESSING Atoms. types. Group technology. software metrology.principles and Instruments. Processing of polymers-fabrication of composites-processing of ceramics-thermal spraying-ion beam machining-laser and electron beam processing-superplastic formingthin films and their deposition-diamond coating techniques-tribological applications.EBM.Abbe’s principle-need for high precision measurements. 4.crystallinity. automation achievements. glasses and composites. roughness. plasma machining etc.Method of coincidence. AJM. Various tolerances and their specifications. waviness. Non-traditional machining process such as EDM.engineering applications-property modifications-mechanical. ceramics. roundness.molecules-bonds in solids. Surface and form metrology. 2.Flatness. 3. WJM. etc. cylindricity. gauging principles.Slip gauge calibration-measurement errors. laser scanners.structure and properties of thermoplastics and thermosets. tool geometry.composites with polymer matrix-ceramics.other heat treatment processesformation of alloys in steel and cast irons.MANUFACTURING 1.Applications of lasers in precision measurements. Standards for length measurement. METROLOGY AND COMPUTER AIDED INSPECTION Metrology concepts.Dislocations and plastic deformations-fracture-iron carbon equilibrium diagrams-steels and cast ironstransformation hardening in steels-TTT diagrams. Polymers and polymerization.

Block diagram representation and reduction.linear and angular position and velocity sensors. Mechatronics. temperature. Properties and applications of open and closed loop process control system. electro-magnetic. sensors-internal sensors and external sensors. electrical.force. acoustic. Bucky tubes. Artificial Muscles-Shape memory alloys. piezoelectric. work envelops robotic layout and its components. vibration. electro-pneumatics.Role of control systems in Manufacturing. magnetic. pneumatics. servo actuators. . electro-optical and vision sensors. ADC and DAC. Polymers.Classifications. Sensors for CNC machine tools .principles and applications concepts of pattern recognition. Laplace transform. pressure. Hydraulic Actuators.Sensors for intelligent manufacturing and condition monitoring. Pneumatic Actuators. Biological. Robotics: Definitions. 5. flow. filters. applications. forward and inverse kinematics. selection criteria. stability criteria. optical. Acoustic emission . magnetostrictive actuators and their relative merits Controls . microprocessor in automationdata communication and network. Drives and Controls Drives – Actuators: Electrical Actuator. system simulation and modeling. Data acquisition and processing. Laws. PLCs and PID controllers.

Finite difference method applied to pin fin heat dissipation 4.3. Solution of Non-linear Algebraic Equations 2.3. Classification of PDEs and characteristics of a PDE 7. Solution of stiff problem 4. Fourier (von Neumann) stability analysis 4. and SOR 5.Chemical kinetics 5. Further insights into stiffness by the application of Euler explicit and implicit method to a stiff problem 4. Solution of Parabolic Partial Differential Equations 7.8.3. Discretization of spatial and time derivatives using Taylor's series 3. Pivoting strategies 1.2. Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations 4. Condition Number and its implications 2. Detailed theory of the convergence of iterative methods 5. Newton-Raphson and Secant method 2.3.3. Well conditioned and Ill conditioned system 1.THERMAL Numerical Methods 1.2. Point Iterative methods . Matrix and Vector norms 1.9. Matrix inversion 1. Shooting method 4.1. Boundary value problem 4. Tridiagonal and block tridiagonal systems 1.1. Stiff problems 4.4. Global Iterative methods .3.6.6. Physical problems governed by elliptic PDE's 5. Basics of finite difference method 3.2.1. LU decomposition 1.2. Special cases 1.3. Solution of Linear Algebraic Equations 1. Initial Value problems 4.1.2.3. Predictor-Corrector methods 4.3. Meaning of stiffness 4. Five-point and nine-point discretizations of Poisson's equation 5. Bisection. System of non-linear equations 3.7.3.2.5.2.1.2.1.3.3. Example .2. Iterative methods 5. Gaussian elimination 1.2.1.1.2.1. Truncation error and order of discretization 3. Runge-Kutta method 4.3. Solution of Elliptic Partial Differential Equations 5. Operation Count 1. Gauss-Seidel.1.1.1.1.Jacobi.1. Operator splitting and ADI methods Incompressible Flows . Euler explicit and implicit methods 4. Physical problems governed by parabolic PDE's 7.4.3.Steepest Descent and Conjugate Gradient 6.2.

3.4 Stream function.3 Straining of a fluid element and the strain rate tensor 3.2.2 Boundary conditions 4.4 Turbulence modeling . Turbulent Flows 8.2.3.Pohlhausen integral solution 6.1 Reynolds averaging 8.2 Creeping flow solutions 8. Introduction 1.2.3 Displacement and momentum thickness 6.4 Separation and drag 6.2.5 Other flows governed by the boundary layer equations 6.1 Free shear layer 6.2 Relation between Bernoulli’s equation and the first law of thermodynamics 5.1 Parallel flow solutions 7.4 Solutions to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations 5.5.2.2. Basic Concepts in Incompressible Flows 2.2 Momentum equation .Lagrangian formulation 3.3 Boundary layer flows with non-zero pressure gradient 6.1 Differential analysis .2 2D laminar jet 7.1.6 Material derivative 3.1 Definition of a fluid 2.2 Steady and unsteady flows 2.5.3 Flow between concentric rotating cylinders 7.3 Bouissenesq hypothesis 8.1 Derivation of the boundary layer equations 6.3 An illustrative example 4.2 Integral analysis 6.1.4 Flow in convergent and divergent channels 7.1 Forces acting on a fluid element and the stress tensor 3. The Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations 3.6 Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids 4.5 Incompressible Navier-Stokes equations 3.4 Relation between the deviatoric stress tensor and the strain rate tensor 3.Principle of similarity 6. Potential Flows 5.1. Analytical Solutions to the Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations 7.3 Laminar and turbulent flows 2.1 Continuity equation .1. Laminar Boundary Layer Theory 6. vorticity and circulation 2.2 Boundary layer flow over a flat plate with zero pressure gradient 6.1.1 Basic flows 5.1 Bernoulli’s equation 5.3 Conformal mapping 5.2 Hagen-Poiseuille flow in a pipe 7.Eulerian formulation 3.1 Couette-Poiseuille flow 7.1 Compressibility of Fluids 1. Solutions to the Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations 4.3 Streamlines and pathlines 2.2.1.2.2 Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations 8.1 Falkner-Skan similarity solutions 6.1 Mathematical nature of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations 4.2 Superposed flows 5.2 Potential flows 5.5 Eulerian and Lagrangian formulations 2.1.4 Flow in a sector 6.2 Compressible and Incompressible Flows 1.2 von Karman .1 Euler equation for inviscid flows 5.

8. Combustion chambers 4. Instrumentation to study the combustion process in engines 5.2. Turbulent External Flows 10.1. Combined heat and mass transfer from plates and in pipes I. Introduction 1. Factors affecting combustion in these engines 3.4 Drag reduction 10.2 Turbulent flows with non-zero pressure gradient 10. Heat transfer at high speeds 4. multistage and cascade systems 3. Nonconventional systems . Factors affecting emissions 7. Two phase flow correlations 7. Radiation in enclosures 7. Methods of producing cold 1. Brief review of steady laminar and turbulent heat Transfer in external and internal flows 3.1 Effect of roughness 10.1.1.1.3 Drag reduction in external flows Heat Transfer 1. Engines 1.2 Effect of roughness 9.1 Turbulent flow in a pipe 9. first & second law analyses 2.1 Turbulent boundary layer over a flat plate with zero pressure gradient 10. Radiation basics 7.5 Universal structure of the mean velocity profile in the turbulent boundary layer 9. Vapour compression systems 2.2. Engine modifications to reduce emissions 10. Single stage. Emission standards and testing Refrigeration and Cryogenics 1. multistage and open cycle systems 5. C. Refrigerant absorbent combinations 4. Turbulent Internal Flows 9. Diffusion and convective mass transfer 9. Thermal reactors and catalytic converters 9. Single stage. Review of Heat Transfer Fundamentals 1.3 Moody’s chart 9.2. selection of fuels 2.1. Thermodynamic basis.2.1. Ideal and actual cycles 2. Convection with body forces 6. Gas radiation 8. Environmental aspects and alternate refrigerants 4. Transient conduction and extended surface heat transfer 2. Role of fuel in engine combustion. Basic combustion processes for SI and CI engines 2. Instrumentation to measure pollutants 11. Control measures for evaporative emissions 8. Vapour absorption systems 4.1. Unsteady laminar and turbulent forced convection in ducts and on plates 5. Pollution formation in SI and CI engines 6.

Measurement of flow and flow velocity – variable area meters.5. hot wire anemometry.2. Typical applications of refrigeration and cryogenics Combustion 1. Slip and its estimation 6.2. Flame stabilization 12. Measurement of temperature – International Temperature Scale 90(ITS90) . Representation of specific work in Ts and hs diagrams 2.1.1.thermoelectric thermometry. Performance characteristics of turbomachines 9. First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics applied to combustion 4. Degree of reaction 6. Effect of outlet blade angle on blade shape 7. use of probes. Impulse and reaction type machines 6. Fuels and their properties 2. pyrometry – Measurement of transient temperature – temperature measurement errors 3. Measurement of heat flux – Gardon gage. Classification specific work 1. laser Doppler velocimetry 5. Ignition 10.1. Model laws 7. pressure sensors.steady and transient techniques . aircycle. Combustion Thermodynamics 3.1. Vapour jet. General characteristics of combustion flame and detonation 7. Euler's equation of turbomachinery 4. Vaporization and combustion of liquid fuel droplet 14. Low temperature insulations 8. Combustion of a coal particle Turbomachines 1. Cryogenic liquefaction and refrigeration systems 7. thin film heat flux gage 6. Cascade mechanics Experimental Methods 1. Measurement of thermo-physical properties – calorimetry . Surge and Stall 10. Turbulent flame propagation 11. Special features of hydro. Stoichiometry 3. Pressure measurement – manometry. Flammability limits and quenching of laminar flames 9. Fundamentals of combustion kinetics 6. Review of basic thermodynamics and gaseous mixtures 3.1. Gas jets and combustion of gaseous fuel jets 13. error propagation – parameter estimation – experimental data analysis and regression – design of experiments 2. Composition products in equilibrium 5. slug type sensor. Thin aerofoil theory 11. Specific speed and shape number 8. Cavitation. drag effect meters – ultrasonic flow meters. Principles of measurements – measurement errors. resistance thermometry. steam and gas turbines 9. measurement of pressure transients 4. thermoelectric refrigeration 6. Internal and external losses 3.1. Laminar flame propagation 8. Ideal and actual velocity triangles 5.

7. chromatography and spectroscopy – NDIR and fluorescence detection of pollutants . Analytical methods and application to pollution monitoring – mass spectrometry.