Producers Bank vs CA January 29, 1998 Romero J • On March 31, 1982, State nvestment !

ouse nc" #$%ed a com&%a$nt #or sum o# money a'a$nst Producers Bank o# the Ph$%$&&$nes $nvo%v$n' t(o causes o# act$on, name%y) *a+ #or un&a$d $nterest o# P,--,---"-- on #$ve cert$#$cates o# t$me de&os$t $ssued .y PBP/ and *.+ the &r$nc$&a% amount o# P2,---,---"-0ur$n' tr$a%, S ! &resented ev$dence to &rove that PBP #a$%ed to &ay the $nterest on the , C10 and the &r$nc$&a% amount o# P2 m$%%$on As $ts de#ense, PBP &resented ev$dence to &rove that $t had a%ready &a$d the $nterest to S ! " 2$th re'ard to the &r$nc$&a% amount, $t c%a$med that the same (ere $ssued, not $n the name o# S ! .ut o# a certa$n Johnny 3u" M On Se&tem.er 4, 199-, S ! &resented $ts re.utta% ev$dence (hen $t reca%%ed $ts #$rst ($tness, Oco, an em&%oyee o# S ! " 1herea#ter, $t served (r$tten $nterro'ator$es to PBP (here$n $t re5uested ans(ers to 5uest$ons ($th$n #$#teen days #rom rece$&t PBP #$%ed a mot$on to 5uash the same on the 'round that they (ere $m&ro&er 6s$nce the tr$a% (as a.out to .e term$nated"7 1he tr$a% court den$ed the mot$on and adm$tted the (r$tten $nterro'ator$es on the 'round that they 6($%% he%& #ac$%$tate the ear%y d$s&os$t$on o# th$s case7 PBP then #$%ed a s&ec$a% c$v$% act$on #or cert$orar$ and &roh$.$t$on ($th &re%$m$nary $n8unct$on .e#ore the Court o# A&&ea%s 5uest$on$n' the order o# the tr$a% court" CA c$t$n' Sect$on 1, Ru%e 24 o# the Ru%es o# Court, d$sm$ssed the &et$t$on $n a dec$s$on stat$n' that the Ru%es do not &rov$de any t$me #rame $n the #$%$n' o# de&os$t$ons and other modes o# d$scovery"

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ssue) 2O9 the court may a%%o( the adm$ss$on o# the (r$tten $nterro'ator$es at the re.utta% sta'e o# the &roceed$n's !e%d) :es Rat$o) • Sect$on 1, Ru%e 23 o# the 199; Ru%es o# C$v$% Procedure &rov$des as #o%%o(s) 6By %eave o# court a#ter 8ur$sd$ct$on has .een o.ta$ned over any de#endant or over &ro&erty (h$ch $s the su.8ect o# the act$on, or ($thout such %eave a#ter an ans(er has .een served, the test$mony o# any &erson, (hether a &arty or not, may .e taken, at the $nstance o# any &arty, .y de&os$t$ons u&on ora% e<am$nat$on or (r$tten $nterro'ator$es 1he ru%e does not &rov$de #or any t$me #rame ($th$n (h$ch modes o# d$scovery can .e ut$%$=ed, other than that the same shou%d .e ava$%ed o# ($th

%eave o# court a#ter 8ur$sd$ct$on has .een o.ta$ned over the de#endant, or ($thout such %eave a#ter an ans(er has .een served Ru%es are s$%ent as to the &er$od ($th$n (h$ch (r$tten $nterro'ator$es may st$%% .e re5uested, $t $s st$%% necessary #or the reso%ut$on o# th$s case to determ$ne the &ur&ose o# (r$tten $nterro'ator$es" t $s %$ke($se essent$a% to determ$ne (hether, .ased on the sta'e o# the &roceed$n's and ev$dence &resented thus #ar, a%%o($n' (r$tten $nterro'ator$es to .e served $s &ro&er and (ou%d #ac$%$tate the d$s&os$t$on o# the case 1he use o# d$scovery $s encoura'ed, #or $t o&erates ($th des$ra.%e #%e<$.$%$ty under the d$scret$onary contro% o# the tr$a% court n the case at .ar, PBP a%%e'ed that C10s no" ,;93 and no" ,;94 covered .y the &r$nc$&a% amount o# P2,---,---"--, (h$ch $s the su.8ect o# one o# the causes o# act$on o# S ! a'a$nst PBP, (ere $ssued $n the name o# a certa$n Mr" Johnny 3u and that they had a%ready &a$d the &r$nc$&a% amount covered .y sa$d C10s to Johnny 3u" 1hus, $t had no more %$a.$%$ty ($th re'ard to the su.8ect C10s" 1he 5uest$ons $n the (r$tten $nterro'ator$es (ere meant to e%$c$t $n#ormat$on &ert$nent to the nature o# the %atter>s de#ense, that $s, that $t had a%ready &a$d the &r$nc$&a% amount o# P2,---,---"-1hus, hav$n' a%%o(ed the (r$tten $nterro'ator$es to .e served u&on PBP, the tr$a% court (as $n a .etter &os$t$on to e<am$ne the ev$dence a%ready &resented and to determ$ne (hether the $n#ormat$on sou'ht .y S ! (ou%d e<&ed$te the reso%ut$on o# the case 1he (r$tten $nterro'ator$es served .y S ! u&on PBP re%ate to the #actua% and &r$nc$&a% $ssues $n d$s&ute" n ans(er$n' the 5uest$ons &ro&ounded $n the (r$tten $nterro'ator$es, the re.utta% ev$dence st$%% to .e &resented .y S ! can .e c$rcumscr$.ed, there.y e<&ed$t$n' the d$s&os$t$on o# the case" At the same t$me, the su.stant$a% r$'hts o# PBP (ou%d not .e adverse%y a##ected, as $t can %$ke($se &resent $ts o(n re.utta% ev$dence a#ter S ! rests $ts case