Environment and civil society in Singapore GEM 2906/ SSU2005

Dr Joelle Lai & A/P Reuben Wong 2013-14 Semester 1 College of alice & peter tan week 2 (beginning 19 August 2013)

The Environment in Global Governance

Global Governance
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‘Governance’ is the concept used to to denote the regulation of interdependent relations in the absence of an overarching political authority, such as in the international system. (J. Rosenau 1999) global governance can be thought of simply as "the management of global processes in the absence of global government."

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or indifferent—refers to concrete cooperative problemsolving arrangements. many of which increasingly involve not only the United Nations of states but also 'other UNs. eg.be/ duFXuRnd2CU . EU). non-governmental organizations (eg. Weiss) Environmental governance is. the UN. Industralised states vs Developing states Big corporations vs small. corporations.. Greenpeace). citizen groups There are many conflicting interests." (Thomas G. ! " a particularly important (and difficult) piece in global governance: " # # It involves many actors: states.! 'Global governance'—which can be good.' namely international secretariats and other non-state actors. bad. international organizations (eg.. weak communities crude http://youtu.

What parts of the Environment are the most critical to protect? The Earth’s Atmosphere? ! Oceans.Ug-aPhwgjms 6 .org/en/globalissues/climatechange/ ! What is the relationship between development and environmental degradation? http://www. but so few concrete agreements? http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/interactive/ 2012/11/20121118131411899744.asp?NewsID=45376#. Seas and Rivers? ! A 1963 treaty prohibiting atmospheric nuclear testing is thought of as the beginning of the globalization of environmental issues ! Why are these called the ‘commons’. or ‘common goods’? 5 Questions ! Who is responsible for the most pollution in the world? Who should bear responsibility? The politics of climate change: http://www.un.org/ apps/news/story.un.html ! Why are there so many UN Climate Change conferences.

thanks to effective measures at every level. 1997 ! Frequent Climate Change summits since Rio 1992. The agreements linked to the convention include the Cartagena Protocol on biosafety ! United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) (1992–1994): !United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) (1994– 1996): !aims to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought and desertification in countries seriously affected by these problems.But some international agreements are in place: ! ! " " Earth Summit. to share the benefits of biological diversity fairly and equitably. it incorporates the Kyoto Protocol (1997). to use biological diversity in a sustainable fashion. and reach this level within a time scale that allows ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate changes without threatening food production. eg Copenhagen 2009. and enabling the pursuit of sustainable economic development. particularly in Africa. Doha 2012 Rio Conventions The three most important international agreements are: !Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (1992–1993): !aims to protect genetic resources. 8 . !aims to stabilize concentrations of GHG in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. ecosystems and species. 1992 Kyoto Protocol. Rio 1971 ‘Rio Conventions’ (1992-4) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

(seehttp:// ! www.html) 9 . Garrett. “The Tragedy of the Commons”. December 16. ! Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2007.Further reading Hardin. Science 162. Cambridge UP.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/contents.ipcc. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. 1968:1243-48.