Concept Note

Role of perceptions in Individual Decision Making
Introduction Perception is a process by which individuals organize and interpret the sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.1 However, what an individual perceives can be substantially different from the objective reality.

Perceptions play a huge role how people

behave. Therefore from this it can be said that people’s behavior is based on what their perception of reality is, not on reality itself. If this hypothesis is true, it brings us to a very important question from the perspective of organizational behavior and organizational studies as to how individuals arrive at their decisions. Is there a connect between the perceptions that people have and the decision the take. And, in case there is such a connection, what is its strength. Proposal The researcher proposes to analyze the complex and nuanced process through which Individuals arrive at their decision; this shall include all an understanding and appraisal of all the competing theories and perspectives on this matter which includes Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Social Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Politics etc. In doing so, the researcher shall attempt to comprehend this immensely complex process. But that is not the major focus of the proposed research. What the researcher is keenly interested in is the hypothesis that there is a connection between the perceptions that an individual holds and the decisions s/he takes, the strength of this correlation more so. The researcher proposes to collect data through qualitative research by conducting interviews and focused group discussions, etc. The researcher shall then apply quantitative techniques to make sense of the data collected and prove or disprove the hypothesis with which the researcher is proceeding in his research.

1 2

Stephen P. Robbins et al, Organizational Behavior, p.176 (Pearson, Fifteenth Edition, 2012, New Delhi) Id.

what is the extent to which perceptions influence individual decision making. in so many ways it is also the case as after all it is that individual’s decision. But what is mostly neglected is the very important fact that most of the decisions that the individuals take which are not based purely on hunch or intuition is influenced decision. The question then is what influences these decisions. The contention of the researcher is the perceptions that the individuals hold. The objective of this proposed research is to understand how individuals form their perceptions. It is generally believed that the decision making process is highly individual centric. Hence the scheme of the researcher is very simple. Methodology Aims and Objectives The aim of the research is to prove that perceptions play a major role in an Individual’s decision making process. This shall provide a thorough theoretical foundation for the study that the researcher is proposing to undertake. Though the researcher intends to have an understanding of the various theories about the decision making process. What colors their views? As has been pointed out earlier. an in-depth or detailed discussion on the same is outside the scope of the proposed research. This coupled with the ground data that the researcher intends to collect makes the research hopeful that the research shall be a fruitful and beneficial research. . he intends to first find out hoe [perceptions are formed.The researcher intends to analyze the various theories on perception and attribution formation. The researcher is of the opinion that such a research is both essential and beneficial for a better understanding of Individual Behavior in the organizational set up. the individuals think that their perception of reality is what reality is. Scope and Limitation The scope of the proposed research is restricted to finding out whether there exists a correlation between perceptions and individual decision making and if it does. Then the other objective of this paper is to seek an understanding in to the ways in which the perceptions can and does influence the decision making process of the Individuals. then how individuals take decision and finally make a connect between the first two.

How are perceptions formed? 2. The primary data is to be collected by the researcher himself and this is to by the help of primary research conducted by the researcher. the researcher intends to do a thorough literature survey. How does perceptions mislead individuals in believing in a false sense of reality>? 3. For this. How can organizations and individuals working in organizations benefit from the lessons borne out of this proposed research? Hypothesis The hypothesis with which the researcher begins his research is – Perceptions has a huge role in the decision making process of an individual. Keeping in mind that time will be a major factor. Source of Data The researcher would base his research on both primary and secondary data. Does these perceptions have any bearing on the decision making process of the individuals? 4. the researcher intends to seek answers to the following research questions – 1. If so. to what extent? 5. Research Questions In the proposed research.The major limitation of this proposed research is that of time. the researcher understands that an extensive collection of data may not be possible and hence the researcher understands that a far reaching generalization may not be possible from the findings of this research alone. The researcher shall also rely on extensive and quality secondary data in the form of books and scholarly articles published on the subject. Mode of citation .

Conclusion The researcher is confident that this is a very important subject of research topic from the perspective of Organizational Behavior as well as organizational studies. The proposed research is important from the perspective of both the individuals and the organizations. . This shall be done to come to a wholesome and holistic understanding of the subject and make some quality inferences.The researcher shall follow a uniform mode of citation in his research. following the Blue book mode of citation of footnoting. The proposed research is shall be analyzed by both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The researcher believes that the hypothesis with which he is proceeding in his research may seem very straight forward but the complexities of human behavior may suggest a completely different inference at the end of this research.