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H O M E P A G E & H O W t o U

HOME PAGE & HOW to USE THIS MODULE

ELEMENTS of TYPE

1. typeface - a complete set of consistently drawn letterforms, sometimes called a font

2. layout - page design

3. typography - the study of type and letterforms

4. elements of type - the separate parts of

letterforms

5. type format - the arrangement of type on a page

6. glossary - a list of difficult or specialized words

with their definitions

7. art form - the creation of something beautiful

8. layout - page design

9. categories - similar groups

10. elements of type - the separate parts of

letterforms

11. baseline - the bottom of a line of type,

excluding the descender

12. horizontally - sideways, across the page

13. freeform - a freely drawn shape, an irregular

curve

14. text - non-headline type, the basic words in the

body of a document

15. ascender - the part of a lower case letter that

extends above the mid-point (or x-height)

16. mid-point - the part of lower case letters which

excludes the ascender and descender, also called the x-height

17. descender - the part of a lower case letter that

extends below the baseline

18. categories - similar groups

19. serif - the fine line that finishes off the stroke

of a letter

20. sans serif - type which does not include serifs

21. x-height - the part of lower case letters which

excludes the ascender and descender, also called the mid-point

22. ascenders - the part of a lower case letter that

extends above the mid-point (or x-height)

23. descenders - the part of a lower case letter that

extends below the baseline

24. proportion - the part considered in relation to

the whole

25. counter - the round opening in a letterform

26. crossbar - the horizontal crossing line in some

HISTORY of TYPEFACE DESIGN

letters

27. stem - the vertical stroke of a letterform

28. swash - the curved swirled line or tail used to

enhance letters, the flourish

29. hairline - the thin line at the connection point

of two thicker lines

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30. pre-dates - comes before

31. printing press - a mechanical device using ink

and controlled pressure to transfer images and type onto paper

32. scribes - specialists in handwriting and

calligraphy who wrote out documents by hand before the development of the printing press

33. adapt - adjust, change, modify

34. baseline - the bottom of a line of type,

excluding the descender

35. refinements - improvements

36. flexibility - variety, change

37. Old Style - the earliest type design for the

printing press characterized by simple lines and heavy serifs

38. printing press - a mechanical device using ink

and controlled pressure to transfer images and type onto paper

39. serifs - the fine line that finishes off the stroke

of a letter

40. stem - the vertical stroke of a letterform

41. bracketing - the curve formed when a stem

joins a serif

42. contrast - the amount or degree of change

from one thing to another

43. Transitional - after Old Style, the next

category of type design; it has more line contrast and more delicate serifs

44. contrast - the amount or degree of change

from one thing to another

45. bracketing - the curve formed when a stem

joins a serif

46. x-heightst - the part of lower case letters

which excludes the ascender and descender, also called the mid-point

47. Modern - follows Transitional Style, it has

greater stroke contrast and no bracketing of serifs

48. contrast - the amount or degree of change

from one thing to another

49. bracketing - the curve formed when a stem

joins a serif

MEASUREMENT of TYPE

50. serif - the fine line that finishes off the stroke

of a letter

51. Square Serif - developed after Modern Style, a

type style characterized by uniform line weights

and block serifs (without bracketing)

52. bracketing - the curve formed when a stem

joins a serif

53. weight - the thickness of a line

54. Contemporary - the most recent type style

characterized by uniform line weights and no serifs

55. classifications - categories with similar

qualities

56. sans serif - type which does not include serifs

57. x-height - the part of lower case letters which

excludes the ascender and descender, also called the mid-point

58. Script - typeface classification for styles which

resemble handwriting

59. Novelty, Decorative - specialty type of a

consistent design but does not follow the standard classification methods

60. italics - a lettering style, not a typeface

classification, characterized by the slant of the letters toward the right

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61. precise - accurate

62. point - a unit of measurement equal to 1/72nd

of an inch, a very thin space

63. ascenders - the part of a lower case letter that

extends above the mid-point (or x-height)

64. descenders - the part of a lower case letter that

extends below the baseline

65. E-gauge - a device used to measure the point

size of type

66. ascender - the part of a lower case letter that

extends above the mid-point (or x-height)

67. vertical - straight up and down, perpendicular

to the horizon

68. leading - the space from one baseline of a

group of text to the next baseline, measured in

points

69. baseline - the bottom of a line of type,

excluding the descender

70. points - a unit of measurement equal to 1/72nd

of an inch, a very thin space

71. pica - a unit of measurement equal to twelve

points, there are six picas in one inch

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TYPE FORMATTING

72. formatting - the sizing, positioning, and

spacing of type in a layout

73. weight - the thickness of a line

74. serif - the fine line that finishes off the stroke

of a letter

75. bold - heavy weighted line

76. italics - a lettering style, not a typeface

classification, characterized by the slant of the letters toward the right

77. emphasis - importance, intensity

78. points - a unit of measurement equal to 1/72nd

of an inch, a very thin space

79. consistently - the same, uniformly

80. leading - the bottom of a line of type,

excluding the descender

81. x-height - the part of lower case letters which

excludes the ascender and descender, also called the mid-point

82. bold - heavy weighted line

83. typefaces - a complete set of consistently

drawn letterforms, sometimes called a font

84. maximum - at most

85. intention - the planned meaning

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drawn letterforms, sometimes called a font 84. maximum - at most 85. intention - the planned