Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu, Seria Inginerie, Nr.

3/2010

REDUCEREA COSTURILOR DE FUNCTIONARE CU AJUTORUL SISTEMULUI DE INFORMARE GEOGRAFICA ACSTRE
Radi Pipev, Krasimir Velinov
St. Ivan Rilski Universitatea de Minerit si  Geologie  Abstract Aceasta lucrare descrie un sistem pentru proiectare, control si intretinere iluminat stradal. Acesta este un sistem de informare geografica bazata pe internet si un set de resurse hardware – controlere Web, modemuri GSM si contoare electrice instalate in cutiile pentru iluminat stradal. Prin intermediul acestora, este posibila gestionarea proceselor zilnice si simplificarea si automatizarea activitatilor specialistilor. Cuvinte cheie: sistem de informare geografica, controlere Web, iluminat stradal, proiectare, control si intretinere.

REDUCTION OF OPERATING COSTS THROUGH THE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM ACSTRE
Radi Pipev, Krasimir Velinov
St. Ivan Rilski University of Mining and  Geology 

Abstract

The report describes a system for design, control and maintenance of street lighting. This is a Web based geographic information system and set of hardware resources - Web controllers, GSM modems and electric meters installed in the cassettes for street lighting. Through it, it is possible to manage the daily ongoing processes and to simplify and automate the work of the specialists.
Keywords: geographic information system, Web controllers, street lighting, design, control and maintenance.

INTRODUCERE
Principalele responsabilitati in utilizarea sistemelor de iluminat stradal (SLS) sunt urmatoarele [8]: - Mentinerea parametrilor de iluminat ale SLS prin inlocuirea adecvata a componentelor defecte si curatarea corespunzatoare a accesoriilor iluminatului; - Asigurarea unei coordonari adecvate pentru aprinderea si stingerea iluminatului stradal;

INTRODUCTION The main tasks in the operation of street lighting systems (SLS) are, as follows [8]: - Maintenance of the lighting parameters of SLS through timely replacement of the defective components and regular cleaning of lighting fixtures; - Ensuring the accurate timing for switching on and off the street lighting; - Execution of emergency works for elimination of unexpected failures; - Monthly accounting and analysis of energy costs and realization of SLS energy saving programs; - Reconstruction of morally or physically

Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu, Engineering Series, Issue 3/2010

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. consisting of separate boxes.Contabilizarea lunara si analiza costurilor cu energia si realizarea programelor de economisire a energiei SLS. separate from the SLS poate fi usurata si automatizata[1-7]. . realizata din profesori agregati. Prin intermediul acestui sistem. doctoranzi si studenti obisnuiti de la Universitatea Tehnica din Sofia. care este alcatuita din cutii separate. Pe baza solicitarilor mentionate mai sus. modem-uri GSM si contoare electrice. etc. St. communal network.Utilization of going-out-of-use components – lamps. separata de reteaua of street lighting requires considerable comuna. accesorii iluminat. a program team.Realizarea lucrarilor urgente pentru a elimina defectiuni neasteptate. o echipa a programului. powering 3000 – Iluminatul stradal din Bulgaria este 4000 street lighting fixtures and the operation actionat de o retea. Ivan Rilski Universitate de Minerit si Geologie si societatea UNICOM MICROSISTEMI EOOD au realizat un sistem comun pentru administrarea si intretinerea SLS. mounted in the boxes and connected to care ilumineaza 3000-4000 accesorii de GSM/GPRS devices is used. mounted within the street lighting boxes (SLB). . related cablurilor pentru iluminatul stradal (circuite to the condition of the operation mode of the electrice) provin din fiecare cutie. Issue 3/2010 271 . A middle-sized town has ILUMINATULUI STRADAL about 100 – 150 boxes.Reconstructia unor SLS demodate din punct de vedere moral sau fizic. Based on the above requirements. St.controlere TECHNOLOGY FOR MANAGEMENT Web. lighting fixtures. in puncte specifice de control. efforts. Nr. In Cutiile sunt actionate de cutiile adiacente ale this specific case a system for street lighting transformatorului. control gear. GSM modems and electrometers. By means of the system the current technological processes can be controlled on a daily basis and the work of the SLS maintenance experts could be facilitated and automated [1-7]. PhD students and regular students of the Technical University – Sofia.Utilizarea componentelor scoase din uz – lampi. -Periodic measurement of the voltage and current levels in specific control points.Acceptance and commissioning of new SLS.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. Ivan Rilski University of Mining and Geology and the company UNICOM MICROSISTEMI EOOD has created a common system for management and maintenance of SLS. if conventional means are used. . actualele procese tehnologice pot fi controlate The street lighting in Bulgaria is zilnic si activitatea expertilor cu intretinerea powered by a network. Acesta reprezinta o combinatie a sistemelor de informare geografica si a unui numar de dispozitive hardware . The boxes are powered by the adjacent transformer posts. Seria Inginerie. Each controller Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. dipozitive de control. -Masuratori periodice ale nivelului tensiunii si curentului. Several street lighting TEHNOLOGIE PENTRU cable branches (electric circuits) come out ADMINISTRAREA SI CONTROLUL from each box. marime medie are in jur de 100-150 cutii. outdated SLS. .Acceptarea si darea in exploatare a unor noi SLS. etc. . Un oras de separate branches through Web controllers. consisting of associate professors. Engineering Series. AND CONTROL OF STREET montate in cadrul cutiilor de iluminat stradal LIGHTING (SLB). It represents a combination of geographic information system and a number of hardware devices – Web controllers. 3/2010 . Cateva bifurcatii ale control and collection of information.

standard. este utilizat un sistem pentru controlul iluminatului stradal si adunarea informatiilor. Conectarea controlerului la Internet poate fi stabilita in doua feluri: [12] Printr-un modul specializat pentru sistemul LonWorks. Figura 1 prezinta. Seria Inginerie.1 Трафопост кл-4 . consisting of a GSM with a standard SIM card.3 кл-4 . The connection of the controller to Internet can be established in two ways: . Un protocol TCP/IP.2 кл-3 .n кл-4 .3 кл-3 .2 кл-2 .2 кл-3 .n Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. administrarea si controlul iluminatului stradal.3 кл-4 . Engineering Series.3 кл-2 .1 кл-1 . standard.2 кл-2 . Fiecare controler poate actiona. prin contoare electrice. in cazul in care sunt utilizate mijloacele conventionale.1 Т-УО WEB LAN Доставчик Т-УО кл-2 . The current information can signal about electrical installation failures or thefts of electricity.through the LAN. Issue 3/2010 272 .3 кл-1 .through a specialized module for the LonWorks system.n кл-3 . pozitionate in cutii si conectate la dispozitive GSM/GPRS. Figure 1 shows schematically the management and control of the street lighting.n кл-1 . cu referire la situatia modului de functionare a bransamentelor separate prin controlere Web.n can command independently the switching-on of the separate branches in the boxes.2 кл-4 . Nr.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. The two ways of communication are illustrated in Fig. powered by two boxes. schematic. 3/2010 iluminat stradal iar actionarea iluminatului stradal necesita eforturi considerabile. Informatiile actuale pot semnala defectiuni ale instalatiilor electrice sau furt de electricitate.3 кл-3 .n кл-1 . disponibil in oras. in accordance with a predetermined program or a signal from the dispatch station and receive information about the condition of the equipment through electrometers.1 кл-4 .n кл-2 -3 кл-1 . The commands to the box are sent by controller through actuation of the contactors in the existing box. In acest caz.1 кл-1 . 1 кл-2 .1 кл-3 . A standard TCP/IP protocol for the Internet environment is used to transmit the data.1 кл-4 .n кл-3 . in conformitate cu un program prestabilit sau cu un semnal de la statia de coordonare si primeste informatii referitoare la starea echipamentului.1 кл-3 . actionat de doua cutii. Se inregistreaza sarcinile din bransamente separate si informatiile sunt transmise inapoi. .3 кл-2 . la statia de coordonare prin dispozitiv DSM/GPRS. pentru mediul Internetului este utilizat pentru a transmite informatii. The loads in the separate branches are recorded and the data is transmitted back to the dispatch station through GSM/GPRS devices. [13] ptin LAN. aprinderea bransamentelor speciale din cutii. care este alcatuit dintr-un GSM cu un card SIM. available in the town.2 кл-1 . in mod independent.2 кл-1 . Comenzile catre cutie sunt trimise de controler prin actionarea conectorilor din cutia existenta. 1 кл-2 .2 Трафопост кл-4 . Cele doua modalitati de comunicare sunt prezentate in Fig.

Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. permitand obtinerea unor noi informatii. The application modules can be used for analyses and decision making. are urmatoarele optiuni: Utilizatorul primeste o aplicatie software. allowing the collection of additional information. 4. 5. dar se poate lucra si in format retea. as well as for accounting and control of the implementation of the latter decisions. Utilizarea hardware se bazeaza pe controlerul i. The software part is realized by means of the geographic information system for maintenance of the street lighting GIS ACSTRE SL. Nr. GIS ACSTRE SL. 3/2010 Fig.Lon Smart Server Web. autorizata integral – sistem de informare geografica. Engineering Series.Lon Smart Server Web controller. The hardware realization is based on the i. 1. pentru intretinerea iluminatului stradal. The system communicates in an Internet environment through the TCP/IP protocol through the controllers installed in the street lighting boxes. Cadastrul acestui amplasament va fi reprezentat intr-un format fazorial. Partea software este realizata prin intermediul unui sistem de informare geografica. 3. Sistemul comunica intr-un mediu Internet prin intermediul unui protocol TCP/IP prin controlerele instalate in cutiile pentru iluminatul stradal. Utilizatorul poate crea o imagine digitala a componentelor de iluminat stradal si un cadastru subteran al retelei de cablu. Issue 3/2010 273 . calcule sau pot fi adaugate functii de dispecerat. actionat de cutii pentru following options: 1. ACTIONARE SOFTWARE Sistemul software. sending commands for switching on and off of separate branches of lighting fixtures. allowing the input and spatial reference of data concerning the parameters of the lines and installations of the servicing street lighting enterprise. Transmitting data and commands through GSM and LAN connection Rezumatul de mai sus este realizat prin intermediul unui software si hardware. dar si pentru a calcula si controla implementarea deciziilor recente . Seria Inginerie. SOFTWARE REALIZATION The offered ACSTRE -“Street lighting” GIS software system provides the “Iluminat stradal” GIS. calculations or dispatcher functions can be added. prin intermediul unui sistem.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. ACSTRE - The above outline is realized by software and hardware means. 2. The software application is open and can be connected with other analogical systems or new functions. Aplicatia software este deschisa si poate fi conectata la alte sisteme analogice sau la noi functii. Modulul de aplicare poate fi utilizat pentru a realiza analize si pentru a lua decizii. care ne este oferit. care permite utilizarea si referinte spatiale ale informatiilor referitoare la parametrii liniilor si instalatiilor din firma care furnizeaza servicii de iluminat stradal. The user gets a fully licensed software application – geographical information system. but it is also possible to work in a raster format. The cadastre of the settlement shall be represented in a vector format. timitand comenzi pentru a porni sau opri bransamente separate ale accesoriilor de iluminat. The user can create a digital image of the street lighting components and an underground cadastre of the cable network by means of the system.

. Nr. 2) serves as a basis for the hardware realization... (Fig..25MBit/s Service Clock(<40 MHz) I/O 0 .. receiving feedback information about the separate branch loads. Fig.... HARDWARE REALIZATION The i. Uart..CP 4 48 bit Neuron ID Input/Output Communication Fig... 3. suplimentare.. 2.. Seria Inginerie. PWM. 2) Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. situatiile urgente sau pentru incercarile de a fura electricitate.. 3). 1. emergency situations or attempts to steal electricity. Dual slope A/D. SPI. The controller’s architecture is based on a Neuron processor.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu.. suplimentare... powered by the street lighting boxes. Nu este necesara montarea unor cabluri conductoare..Lon 100 Internet Server controller (Fig. (Fig. The laying of additional control cable is not necessary. primind informatii de feedback referitoare la incarcatura bransamentului. The management of the lighting provides two options: switching on and off of the electric circuits in the street lighting boxes and individual regulation of the light flux of each lamp. Arhitectura controlerului este bazata pe un procesor Neuron. alarming for fused lamps. fiind o alarma pentru lampile de siguranta.Lon 100 Internet Server controller (Fig.. Issue 3/2010 274 . Nu este necesara montarea unor cabluri conductoare..... Exterior of the i. ACTIONARE HARDWARE Controlerul i.. The laying of an additional conductive cable is not necessary. The management of the street lighting allows two options: turning on and off the electric circuits in the LB and individually controlling of the luminous flux of each lamp... Processing Vcc 5V 6 Memory 4 externes BusInterface (3150) Vss 6 Media Access CPU Network CPU Application CPU E2PROM 512Bytes RAM 1KBytes/ 2KBytes (3150) ROM (Firmware) 10KBytes (3120) 8-Bit Data Bus 16-Bit Address Bus Timing & Control Reset Control Clock+ Timers Application I/O Block 2x16-Bit-Zähler. Communication Port.. Quadratur-Dek. Engineering Series. schema de alimentare a fiecarui bransament din cutiile de iluminat stradal...I/O 10 CP 0.. Parallel I/O. the load schedule of each branch in the street lighting box. 2) functioneaza ca baza pentru realizarea hardware-ului. Administrarea iluminatului ofera doua variante:pornirea si inchiderea circuitului electric in cutiile pentru iluminat stradal si ajustarea individuala a fluxului de lumina la fiecare corp de iluminat.. Pull-ups. 3). Internal structure of the controller.. Administrarea iluminatului stradal ofera doua variante: pornirea si inchiderea circuitului electric in LB si controlarea individuala a fluxului de lumina la fiecare corp de iluminat.Lon 100 Internet Server (Fig. 20mA-Driver. 3/2010 iluminat stradal..

indicated in the respective scale. INCLUDE: .Calculation of voltage drops in normal and emergency mode. SEMANTIC DATA Relevant data is attached to each element from the digital model depending on the type of the element . Engineering Series. Issue 3/2010 275 .Maintaining the required set of linear and point arbitrary signs for visualization of the street lighting components and equipment. . INCLUD: . . de un operator.Calculation of the distribution of luminance in the area referred to specific SLB. . stalp. INFORMATII SEMANTICE Fiecare element al modelului digital are atasate informatii relevante. 3/2010 Fig.Prezentarea schemei cu rute ale liniilor de cablu. Alimentarea cu informatii trebuie sa fie realizata. . . 4.SLB. External view of SLB control – example. Functions for copying data and inputting of uniform data for a number of identical objects are included in the program. .SLB. SOLVED BY THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. The data input should be done initially by an operator with the assistance of the editor. SOLUTIONATE DE SISTEMUL DE ADMINISTRARE. THE MORE IMPORTANT TASKS. Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. In program sunt incluse functii de copiere si introducere a informatiilor constante. construit in program.Maintaining a database of specifications and passports of the above mentioned equipment.Prezentarea situatiei corpurilor de iluminat si memento pentru inlocuirea corpurilor de iluminat. . Seria Inginerie.Display of the status of luminaries and reminder for the lamp replacement. . cable.Mentinerea setului unidimensional si precizarea semnelor arbitrare pentru vizualizarea componentelor si echipamentului iluminatului stradal. luminaire. camin pentru cabluri si etc. CELE MAI IMPORTANTE FUNCTII. built in the program. . . Nr. .Mentinerea unei baze de date cu specificatii si indrumar al echipamentului mentionat mai sus. corp de iluminat.Calcularea caderii voltajului in mod normal si in cazul unei urgente.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. .Display of layouts with the routes of the cable lines. cu asistenta unui editor. indicate in acel sistem. initial.Display of listings with specified data for group of cable line elements.Calculul distributiei luminantei in zona specifica a SLB.Prezentarea listelor cu informatii mentionate de grup cu referire la elemente ale cablului. in functie de tipul elementului . pole. pentru un numar de obiecte identice. cable pit and etc.

Nr. analize ale curentului consumat si semnalizarea lampilor arse. Data for Arm element parameters Fig. Fig. Diagram of some of the measured Fig.Aprecierea consumului de energie. In figurile 5 – 13 sunt prezentate ecrane pentru pasii tipici in activitatea cu produs software product ACSTRE-SL. scurt-circuite partiale ale unor legaturi neautorizate la consumatori electrici. 5. Data for Light source (Lamps) Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. Procesarea informatiilor din cadastru pentru un oras mare necesita o frecventa a procesorului de 1GHz sau mai mult. Seria Inginerie. prin care sunt ilustrate capacitatile de functionare. The processing of cadaster data for a large city requires 1GHz processor frequency or more. The system operates under MS Windows.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. 7. 6. Data for group of SLB Fig. Sistemul opereaza cu MS Windows. descrise mai sus. On figures 5 – 13 screenshots are shown of typical steps in the work with the software product ACSTRE-SL.Consideration of energy consumption. 3/2010 . The respective volume of data is of the order of 100 MB. Acest volum de informatii este de ordinul 100 MB. Engineering Series. Issue 3/2010 276 . . illustrating the operating capabilities described above. partial short circuits or unauthorized connections of electrical consumers. analyses of the consumed power and signaling of burned lamps. 8.

3/2010 Fig. 12. Nr. Report about the consumed electrical energy for a selected luminaire(s) luminaire(s). 11. Issue 3/2010 277 . Fig. 10. Engineering Series. 13.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. Cable network topology Fig. 9 Color diagram showing the time of being "on" of a group of luminaries Fig. Properties of selected pole and its Fig. Report about the time being on of a group of luminaries Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. Seria Inginerie.

a possible benefits from alternative investment fost adoptata metoda Valorii Nete Actuale of the initial investment amounts. Seria Inginerie. which in turn are equal to:: (2) Сoy = Сcy + Сlry + Сly unde: Сey – costuri anuale ale energiei electrice. The annual costs of SLS Сy are equal to: (1) Сan ( MF ) = Сеy ( MF ) + Сay ( MF ) + Сry ( MF ) where: Сey – annual costs of electrical energy. taking into account the pe durata solutionarii misiunii de mai sus. Issue 3/2010 278 . With (VNA). All components of the SLS annual costs corpurilor de iluminat. Сay – annual amortization allowances of SLS. Сay – indemnizatii anuale de amortizare a SLS. care sunt egale cu: (2) Сoy = Сcy + Сlry + Сly where: Сcy – annual costs of lighting fixtures unde: Сcy – costurile anuale pentru curatare clearing (LF). iluminat. The essence of the method is to convert de dobanda la credit este o crestere naturala a the future cash flows to the present moment. luand in calcul consumul in exces al energiei electrice. Costurile anuale ale SLS Сy sunt egale cu: (1) Сan ( MF ) = Сеy ( MF ) + Сay ( MF ) + Сry ( MF ) Naturally the question arises at what parameters of the operational costs we shall have a minimum of the annual costs of SLS (Сan → min) provided that the normative quantitative and qualitative indicators of the lighting systems are satisfied. operationale. as investitiei initiale. taking into account the excess consumption of electrical energy . Сoy – annual operational costs. 3/2010 REDUCEREA COSTURILOR REDUCING THE OPERATIONAL OPERATIONALE ALE ILUMINATULUI COSTS OF STREET LIGHTING STRADAL In mod normal. Сlry – annual costs of lamp replacement. cauzat de efectul de supapa al corpurilor de iluminat. Pentru a evalua rentabilitatea investitiei has been adopted. Scopul metodei este sa transformam The mathematic record of this conversion is Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. atat cat este acceptata atunci cand interest rate is the natural appraisal of the investitia este realizata prin credit si procentul alternative investment. Engineering Series.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. investitiei alternative. problema este la ce parametrii ai costurilor operationale vom avea o valoare minima a costurilor anuale ale SLS (Сan → min) avand in vedere faptul ca indicatorii cantitatii nominale si cei calitativi ai sistemului de iluminat sunt respectati. In order to evaluate the profitability of Toate componentele costurilor anuale ale SLS depind de valoarea factorului de investment during the solution of the above task the method of Net Present Value (NPV) intretinere MF. luand in calcul posibilele avantaje certain simplification it can be assumed that pentru investirea alternativa a sumelor the annual interest is taken into account. Сly – costurile anuale ale corpurilor de depend on the value of the maintenance factor MF. Simplificand. se poate often it is accepted that the investment is mentiona ca dobanda anuala este luata in provided through a credit and then the credit calcul. accesorii de iluminat (LF). caused by the valve effect of the lamps. Сlry – costuri anuale pentru inlocuirea Сly – annual costs of lamps. Сoy – costurile anuale. Nr.

etc. Permite determinarea costurilor anuale ale sistemului de iluminat pe o lungime de 1 km si urmatoarea furnizare de date: .05). care va fi valabil in T ani la o anumita rata anuala a dobanzii (la o dobanda anuala de 5% din valoarea i = 0. uniformitate longitudinala a luminozitatii.specified general uniformity of brightness. Separately in the database of the program data about light fixture prices. Aprecierea simultana a factorilor de mai sus este o misiune complicata.tilt of the arm. preturi energie electrica si tendinte de crestere.specified operational brightness. . The project design practice up to now used to pay attention predominantly to the achievement of lighting solutions. It allows determining the annual costs of a lighting system for a length of 1 km and the following input data: . . . satisfacand cerintele normei. The simultaneous consideration of the above factors is a complicated task. . .perioada pentru inlocuirea corpului de iluminat.grad impuritate.perioada pentru curatarea accesoriilor pentru lumina. Issue 3/2010 279 . Prin optimizarea conditiilor operationale este posibila reducerea costurilor anuale. . Nr. . lamp prices. in baza de date a informatiilor programului referitor la preturile pentru accesorii corpuri de iluminat. Utilizarea software-ului standard pentru proiectare pe computer [9. 3/2010 viitoarele fluxuri de numerar in momentul expressed by: prezent. pole prices depending of the height. a fost introdusa de rata dobanzii pentru imprumut. Pentru a solutiona problema de mai sus. preturi stalp in functie de inaltime. Practica de proiectare de pana acum acorda atentie obtinerii solutiilor de iluminat. 14 a screenshot of the editor of input data necessary for the solution of this task is shown.extent of impurity.time for lamp replacement.10] this is connected with multivariate solutions with input data specified by the designer of SLS. realizat ca un program al utilizatorului si scris in limbajul DELPHI-7.luminozitate operational specificata. satisfying the requirements of the norms. .tip selectionat al sursei de lumina. Through the optimization of the operational conditions it is possible to reduce the annual costs. Where PV is the present value of the return R. In the use of standard software for computer design [9. Engineering Series. which will be available in T years at certain annual interest rate (at an annual interest of 5% the value of i = 0.10] care este conectat cu multiple solutii pentru furnizare informatii de catre proiectantul SLS. . etc . In mod separat. On Fig. Seria Inginerie. inlocuirea corpului de iluminat si preturi pentru curatare accesorii corpuri de iluminat.uniformitate generala a luminozitatii. electric energy prices and increase trends. The choice of lighting fixtures is carried out from a list in a catalogue of Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. To resolve the above task a software product was created. formed as user application program and written in the program language DELPHI-7. has been entered.specified longitudinal uniformity of brightness.selected type of the light source. . Inregistrarea matematica a acestei conversii este exprimata prin: (3) PV = (3) PV = R R (1 + i ) T (1 + i ) T Unde PV este valoarea actual a bilantului R. . .05). a fost creat un program software. preturi corpuri de iluminat. interest rate for loan servicing. . . lamp replacement and cleaning of light fixture prices.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu.annual usage of the system.utilizare anuala a sistemului. .inclinatie brat.time to clean light fixtures.

14. Alegerea accesoriilor pentru iluminat este eliminate dintr-o lista a catalogului cu accesorii pentru iluminat.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. prin modificarea unghiului de inclinatie a bratului. Issue 3/2010 280 . Aplicatia software este integrare in sistemul de informare geografica ACSTRE. The optimal solution for each of the above variants is found depending on the light fixtures cleaning time and the lamp replacement time. Acestea sunt prezentate dupa ce a fost introdus parametrul unghiului de inclinatie al bratului.12] Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu.25m. sunt generale variante prin modificarea distantei stalpului intre 10 si 50m. 3/2010 La Fig. On Fig. 15 the sample calculation results for a specific light fixture are represented. Through the above program data variants are generated by changing the pole distance between 10 to 50m by a step of 1m and the pole height by a step of 0. Dintre aceste variante. Pe durata evaluarii rezultatelor veti observa ca aceste costuri anuale pentru unul si acelasi accesoriu al luminii poate varia pana la de cateva ori. Solutia optima pentru oricare dintre variantele de mai sus depind de perioada de curatarea a accesoriilor de iluminat si de perioada pentru inlocuirea corpurilor de iluminat. Nr.12] lighting fixtures. 15 sunt reprezentate rezultatele calculului mostrelor pentru un accesoriu adecvat al luminii. The above demonstrates the considerable cost reduction opportunities.25m and by changing the arm tilt angle. Prin informatiile programului de mai sus. Those are displayed after the arm tilt angle parameter has been entered. La Fig. Cele de mai sus demonstreaza posibilitatile pentru reducerea considerabila a costului.000 variante sunt generate ca un tot. sub forma unui set de proceduri pentru a realiza analize in vederea administrarii iluminatului stradal[11. Seria Inginerie. About 10 000 variants are generated as a whole. cu un 1m si inaltimea stalpului cu 0. The above software application has been developed in several versions. Aplicatia software de mai sus a fost realizata in diverse versiuni. Aproximativ 10. doar cele care respecta normativele luminozitatii si uniformitatea luminozitatii sunt selectionate pentru utilizare. each of them provided with the required data. a fost prezentat un screenshot al editorului pentru solutionarea acestei probleme. During the evaluation of the results you see. that the annual costs for one and the same light fixture might vary up to several times depending on the operational parameters or the project design. fiecare dintre acestea avand informatii solicitate. Engineering Series. The software application is integrated in the ACSTRE Street Lighting geographic information system in the form of set of procedures for conducting analyses for maintenance of the street lighting [11. From these variants only those which comply with the specified normative brightness and brightness uniformity are selected for use. in functie de parametrii operationali ai proiectarii.

Velinov. J. Bulgaria. Aprilie 29. Bulgaria. N. Varna. N. ECOLOGIEI SI ERGONOMICITATII” Octombrie 6-8. “Retea europeana pentru integrarea surselor de energie regenerabila si producerea surselor de energie distribuita” – Seminar national. N. St. St. April 29. Computer aided design of street lighting systems.. 2004 [4] Velinov K. Clubul international al omenilor de stiinta “F. Curie”. Constantin and Elena. ECOLOGICAL AND ERGONOMIC LIGHTING” October 6-8. p. Tasev. 85-94. Collected volume of the First Balkan Conference on lighting BALKANLIGHT’99 “ENERGYEFFICIENT. Bulgaria. June 15-16. Aladjem. M. 3/2010 Fig. Statiunea St. p. Constantin and Elena resort. Performance of GIS ACSTRE in the maintenance of electrical equipment. 15-16 iunie. Volume din Prima Conferinta Balcanica despre iluminat BALKANLIGHT’99 “ILUMINAT EFICIENT DIN PUNCT DE VEDERE AL ENERGIEI. “European network for integration of renewable energy sources and distributed energy production” – National seminar. 71-76. Aladjem. J. International house of scientists “F. Clubul international al omenilor de stiinta “F. REFERINTE [1] Velinov К. P.. Kapralyakov. Varna. [3] Aladjem M. Constantin si Elena. 71-76. Proiectarea sistemelor de iluminat stradal. REFERENCES [1] Velinov К.“Application of the ACSTRE geographic information system in the street lighting design”. K. 85-94. 14. Volume de la Prima Conferinta Balcanica despre iluminat Balkan Light Junior 2000.. St. din anul 2004. М. [2] ] Velinov К. Curie”. 1999. J.. p. Seria Inginerie. J. Curie”. [2] ] Velinov К. Bulgaria. 15. Engineering Series. Curie”. [3] Aladjem M. Velinov. Nr. p. Sahatchiev. Sahatchiev. 2004 CONCLUSION A version of the product GIS ACSTER Street Lighting assists the operation of the street lighting of the town of Blagoevgrad since 2004. 1999. Varna. Varna.“Aplicarea sistemului de informare geografica ACSTRE in proiectarea iluminatului stradal”. cu ajutorul computerului. Performanta GIS ACSTRE in intretinerea echipamentului electric. Input Data Fig.. Sample calculation results for lighting fixture DEN 50W with 10o tilt of the arm CONCLUZIE O versiune a produsului GIS ACSTER – Iluminat stradal asista operatiunile iluminatului stradal din orasul Blagoevgrad.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. Collected volume of the First Junior Balkan Conference on lighting Balkan Light Junior 2000. Marinov. PERFORMANCE OF GIS Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. Constantin si Elena. K.. International house of scientists “F. M. Issue 3/2010 281 .

J. Application of LONWORKS technology for management and control of lighting systems. 67 [5] Velinov К. International house of scientists “F. Velinov. [7] Velinov K.. Curie”.09. Marinov. p. P. Dornfeld/Ilmenau [8] Vasilev Hr. Rubenov. Rubenov. Engineering Series. Varna. Clubul international al omenilor de stiinta “F.2009. June 15-17. [6] Velinov K. Optimal design and maintenance of street lighting systems.“ELEKTROPROGRAMA” SD.2 – Software application for design of street lighting systems. J. cu participare internationala Iluminat’ 2004. О. Varna. Sofia 1996. 1517 iunie 2004. N.2 – Aplicatie software pentru proiectare la sistemele de iluminat stradal. June 12 – 13.“ELEKTROPROGRAMA” SD. Curie”.4. . 67 [5] Velinov К.4. Transactions of XIII National Conference on lighting with international participation Lighting’ 2007. Y. Bulgaria. J. Pipev R. Rubenov. Aplicare GIS ACSTRE in exploatarea iluminatului stradal ACSTRE IN THE EXPLOITATION OF THE STREET LIGHTING. management and control of Street-lighting systems with ACSTRE StreetLighting Geographic Information System. cu participare internationala Iluminat 2007. Rubenov. International house of scientists “F. Rubenov Y. 2004. 73-78. Issue 3/2010 282 . [10] http://lighting-bg. Technical information. Internationales Forum fur den lichttechnischen Nachwuchs 25 bis 27. Bulgaria. Varna. Pipev R.. Collected volume of the XII National Conference on lighting with international participation Lighting’ 2004. 10 – 12 iunie2007. International house of scientists “F. Collected volume of the XIII National Conference on lighting with international participation Lighting’ 2007. administrare si control al sistemelor de iluminat stradal cu Sistem de Informare Geografica Iluminat stradal ACSTRE.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. Transactions of XIII National Conference on lighting with international participation Lighting’ 2007. О. Kishkilov. 2007. Curie”. Volum de la a 13-a Conferinta Nationala despre iluminat. Curie”. [9] Velinov К. Rubenov Y. [9] Velinov К. p. Curie”. Curie”. Internationales Forum fur den lichttechnischen Nachwuchs 25 bis 27. [6] Velinov K. Varna. based on the criteria of net present value. 2007. Sofia 1996.. Clubul international al omenilor de stiinta “F. Bulgaria....2009. Seria Inginerie. Nr. International house of scientists “F. p. Application of GIS ACSTRE in the maintenance of the street lighting in the town of Blagoevgrad. Clubul international al omenilor de stiinta “F. June 10 – 12.09. J. Bulgaria. 3/2010 [4] Velinov K. [10] http://lighting-bg. Aplicarea GIS ACSTRE in intretinerea iluminatului stradal din orasul Blagoevgrad. June 10 – 12. Y.eu [11] Velinov K. K. Road magazine 2/2008. Dornfeld/Ilmenau [8] Vasilev Hr. Intretinere. Y. J. Kishkilov. Maintenance. Informatii tehnice. ЕPS 1. Varna. Varna. [7] Velinov K.com Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu. Road magazine 2/2008. LuxJunior septembrie 2009. М. Y. Proiectare optima si intretinere a sistemelor de iluminat stradal. Volum de la a 12-a Conferinta Nationala despre iluminat. 2007. pe baza criteriilor valorii nete. Tasev. Tranzactii la a 13-a Conferinta Nationala despre iluminat. PERFORMANTA GIS ACSTRE IN EXPLOATAREA ILUMINATULUI STRADAL. J. cu participare internationala Iluminat’ of XIII National Conference on lighting with international participation Lighting’ 2007. Bulgaria. J. p. 10 – 12 iunie 2007. prezente. Varna. Curie”. Kapralyakov. 7378. ЕPS 1. K. LuxJunior September 2009. Bulgaria. Velinov. 110-112 [12] http://acstre.eu [11] Velinov K. Bulgaria. Application of GIS ACSTRE in the exploitation of the street lighting in the town of Blagoevgrad. Aplicare tehnologiei LONWORKS pentru managementul si controlul sistemelor de iluminat. p.

eu/  Е-mail: candela@mail. 3/2010 in orasul Blagoevgrad. Engineering Series. Varna.com Ing. Krasimir Velinov St.pipev@mail. Radi Dimov Pipev – PhD student St. Clubul international al omenilor de stiinta “F. birou 111  Е-mail: radi. Dr. p. Ivan Rilski Universitatea de  Minerit si Geologie. Dr. birou 111  WEB:  http://lighting­bg.bg Mobile phone: (+359) 888 71 21 82 Tel. J. Issue 3/2010 283 . Nr. 110-112 [12] http://acstre. office 111  Е-mail: radi. agreg.  Departament:  „Electrificare  productie mina”. Tranzactii la a 13-a Conferinta Nationala despre iluminat cu participare international Iluminat’ 2007.bg Mobile phone: (+359) 884 72 72 57 Assoc. Eng. (+359 2) 8060 270 Eng. Seria Inginerie. office 111  WEB:  http://lighting‐bg.eu/  Е-mail: candela@mail.bg Telefon mobil: (+359) 884 72 72 57 Prof.pipev@mail. Eng. 12 – 13 iunie 2007.bg Telefon mobil: (+359) 888 71 21 82 Tel. Ivan Rilski Universitatea de  Minerit si Geologie  Departament:  „Electrificare  productie mina”.Analele Universit ăţ ii “Constantin Brâncu ş i” din Târgu Jiu. Ivan Rilski University of Mining and Geology. Ivan Rilski University of Mining and  Geology  Department:  „Mine production  electrification”. Radi Dimov Pipev – Doctorand St. Curie”. Bulgaria. Krasimir Velinov St. Prof. Department:  „Mine production  electrification”. (+359 2) 8060 270 Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuş i” University of Târgu Jiu.