NT 502: Greek Exegesis and NT 708: Exegesis of Galatians

ASHLAND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
Spring Quarter, 2014; Columbus Campus
Tuesdays, 6:00 – 9:00 pm
Rev. David A. deSilva, Ph. D.
ddesilva@ashland.edu
office hours: by appointment (virtual or face-to-face)
NOTE: Preparation is required before First Class session.
I. Course Description
This course builds on the linguistic and exegetical skills learned in Greek I and II and
Foundations of Bible Study. The course will normally be based on a New Testament text that is
short enough to be translated in its entirety during a ten-week quarter and is of sufficiently
accessible Greek, but also rich in passages that address the matters of core identity in Christ,
character, and calling, as well as offer windows into the challenges and stresses of particular
pastoral situations (e.g., Philippians, I Thessalonians, 2 Timothy, or James). Provision will be
made for training students in, and giving appropriate assignments to reinforce devotional reading
of Scriptures in, the biblical languages.
Exegesis of Galatians provides students who have successfully completed the prerequisite Greek
courses (the NT 500/501 sequence) with an opportunity to study the Greek text of a Pauline
epistle. Among other things, students will be able to experience the wonder of a close reading of
a Greek NT text in its entirety, to explore this letter’s blend of pastoral and theological concerns,
to compare their own original translations with modern English translations, and to explore
scholarly sources that assume familiarity with the Greek text. In the exegetical process, students
will analyze this biblical text for its rhetoric and argument(s), its intertextuality, and its
theological and ethical contributions to Christian discipleship and community.
II. Relationship to Curriculum Model
The study of biblical languages provides opportunities for students to grow in many ways with
respect to the four facets of responding to God’s call as reflected by the ATS curriculum model.
The skills developed in New Testament Greek and biblical exegesis contribute to the
competency necessary for professional ministry as servant leaders (e.g., for preaching, for
teaching, for pastoral counseling, for chaplaincy), and they enhance one’s personal study of the
Word of God. The study of Galatians, as part of the Scriptures, brings us into contact with each
foundational pillar of the ATS curriculum.
III. Student Learning Outcomes
The study of Paul’s Letter to the Galatians invites students to critically reflect upon their
understanding of their Christian Identity, Character, and Calling in several important regards:
1

Students will integrate theological reflection about the text and message of Galatians with practical ministry concerns. To further this understanding. we understand more completely that God's word has come to us from distant times. Students will demonstrate knowledge of the content and major themes of Paul's Letter to the Galatians.• Paul’s own use of scripture in Galatians leads to the declaration. Students will demonstrate increased proficiency in Greek. and if you are Christ’s. and in the analysis of extant Bible translations. Christian doctrine. Articulate the content and major themes of Scripture. and theological reflection with the practice of ministry. provides one paradigm by which we also might seek to discern and strengthen our call in the midst of challenge and opportunity. then you are the seed of Abraham. • Galatians includes a powerful depiction of the life believers live between the power of the flesh and the empowering of the Spirit. b. In an exegetical language course. “You are all one in Christ Jesus. heirs according to promise” (3:29). Students will be expected to challenge themselves to sharpen personal character traits. a. • Paul’s account of his own calling. in Bible translation. both with class colleagues and in contact with scholarly work on Galatians. in which an atmosphere of collegiality and community is fostered. 1. Students theological reflection while using exegetical skills with Scripture. 2 . we then come to appreciate better the challenge of answering God's call to ministry in our own setting. while seeking the right balance of time spent inside and outside the seminary program. c. Demonstrate proficiency in biblical and historical exegesis and theological reflection (including appropriate use of the biblical languages). students will deliberately invest time in fruitful conversation. The significance of this focal affirmation of our core identity in Christ is further explained by Paul in his discussion of inheritance and adoption. The evaluative instruments of this course focus particularly on assessing student learning in regard to: Competence in the disciplines and skills relevant to Christian ministry. such as self-discipline and perseverance. refined and confirmed (1:11-2:21). and church history. 2. historical. places. providing a guide both to the development of Christian character (5:13-25) and to the embodiment of this character in the Christian community (5:26-6:10). Integrate the biblical. cultures and languages. with respect to class assignments. They will also be expected to challenge themselves to strengthen their professionalism and to model mutual respect in their interactions with all members of the class. 3. and the formative experiences by which he understood his calling to be tested.

V. specifically the NRSV.BibleGateway. available for download here along with several other helpful language and transliteration fonts: http://www. Required Textbooks: NT 502 Students 1.. Not assessed in this course. Teaching Strategies for Student Learning The course will proceed largely in a seminar format with minimal lecturing. These differing assignments are designed to help student attain a broad spectrum of learning outcomes. ISBN-10: 1610977076. Basics of New Testament Syntax. Course Requirements Students should already have in their possession or be able to access: 1. a good Greek font for all written work (including accents.g.aspx A. 5-9. These are all readily available online at www. We will rely on student preparation as outlined in the syllabus so that our discussions of the Greek text will be maximally fruitful. 3.com and integrated into major Bible software programs like Logos and BibleWorks 8 or 9. analysis of extant translations. and an exegetical paper. access to three modern English translations of the New Testament. a reliable Greek lexicon (e. Apply critical reflection to one’s own religious tradition and appreciate other traditions. 2. BDAG or BAGD) in a print or an electronic edition associated with a Bible software program. ISBN-10: 0310232295. 3 . 2. deSilva. D. a copy of Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (27th or 28th ed. breathing marks. I recommend SPIonic. ISBN-13: 978-1610977074.org/educational/BiblicalFonts_SPlegacyFonts. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.) or the UBS 4th Revised Edition of the Greek New Testament. IV. 2010).sbl-site. 4. etc. 2000. Daniel Wallace. ISBN-13: 978-0310232292. and NLT. OR: Cascade Books. Global Readings: A Sri Lankan Commentary on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians (Eugene. Student written work will include ongoing translation work.). NIV. A.4.

Galatians. This will be distributed electronically in pre-publication manuscript form. Baylor Handbooks on the Greek New Testament. or be withdrawn from the course at the discretion of the professor. Sacra Pagina. Yale Anchor Bible Commentaries. Galatians. h. b. please notify the instructor in advance. de Boer. F. 2014. F. Collegeville. 1990. F. if you know you will miss class. 2004. receive a lower grade. B. Journal Articles and Book Chapters.3. 1979. A. J. G. 1991) ISBN 0800625234. attendance at all class sessions is expected. Dallas: Word. 2011. ISBN-10: 1610977076. e. Waco: Baylor University Press. g. deSilva. New Haven: Yale University Press. Hans Dieter Betz. Louis Martyn. Galatians. 1982. OR: Cascade Books. The following guidelines indicate how class performance will be evaluated: 4 . f. C. if possible. 2010. Thomas Schreiner. Martinus C. d. No payment is required. John M. c. Bruce. Galatians. A Critical Commentary of your choice from the following options: a. NT 708 Students 1. Global Readings: A Sri Lankan Commentary on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians (Eugene. Matera. Longenecker. NIGTC. 4. Galatians. Galatians. D. Class Participation Weekly preparation and participation is essential to the attainment of the student learning outcomes. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. According to the student handbook. Galatians: A Handbook on the Greek Text. Richard N. ISBN-13: 978-1610977074. Philadelphia: Fortress. MN: Liturgical Press. Galatians. Assignments/Assessment of Student Learning 1. 1988. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Galatians: a commentary. Ronald Fung. Attendance and Positive Participation. 2. any student missing the equivalent of six class hours (including late arrivals or early departures) will be required to do additional work. D. deSilva. 1992. 2005) ISBN 157383355X. Hermeneia. 2010). WBC. J. NICNT. Barclay. 3. Obeying the Truth: Paul’s Ethics in Galatians (Minneapolis: Fortress. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Regardless of the reason for absence. Louisville: Westminster John Knox. A handful of additional articles and readings appear among the assignments in the class schedule. reprint edition: Vancouver: Regent College Publishing. A.

contribution poor. supplementary readings. c. and NLT. b. A grammatical analysis of the translation of the passage in the NRSV. 5 . but the gaps in his or her reading and the lack of reflection on and engagement with the material seriously limits his or her contribution to the class discussion. referring to the grammatical analysis in the handbook only as needed. reference. or from other sources). your selected commentary [NT 708 students]. The student’s attendance has been spotty. The student is coming to class. 2. meaning. Your own English translation of the assigned portion of the Greek text of Galatians. as well as to revise your own decisions based on your study of the translations. (ii) questions about the context. and of deliberation upon the questions in the study guide. reading record poor. This should not be the copy on which you will have made notes during the class – I want to make sure those notes don’t get lost! This work has several facets: a. An important challenge is not simply to compare the Greek grammar with the English grammar.A B C D F The student has given evidence in his or her interaction in class of careful reading and critical reflection on the assignments. of integrating the material from the various sources. He or she is often speechless or “faking it” when asked a question. On the basis of these two exercises. with (brief) explanations of your grammatical and syntactic decisions. The student gives evidence of having read the assigned readings and giving some attention to working through the study questions and to “putting it all together” before class. The student has read almost all of the assigned readings and comes with the “information” fairly well in mind. Please work through the text on your own first. and goes far toward contributing also at the level of analysis and integration. or logical flow of Paul’s argument. but to discern what the English rendering says about the decisions the translator made in regard to the Greek grammar. particularly where these differ from the Exegetical Handbook (and they may quite well differ – this is part of the challenge of reading Greek). NIV 2011. These may include: (i) some ambiguity in the Greek (how to understand a particular word or to construe a particular grammatical/syntactical construction). The student is able to contribute meaningfully both in the information and analysis he or she can provide and in the intelligent questions that he or she brings that have arisen from this reading and reflection. It is appropriate to raise questions about the decisions made by the translators on the basis of your own work with the Greek text and comparison with one another. and do not be influenced by the translation therein given. Processing of this information before class is rather limited. (iii) issues identified in the history of interpretation (from the deSilva text. In class. note any exegetical issues that are important for understanding the assigned passage. Translation of Galatians and Exegetical Notebook PLEASE BRING A PRINTED COPY OF YOUR WEEKLY WORK TO CLASS EACH WEEK TO BE SUBMITTED TO THE PROFESSOR. the student can provide the information.

Exegesis Paper In order to delve more deeply into a portion of this epistle. in spiritual formation. preferably based on the Greek text.g. need to be developed at greater length in the body of the paper). 2014. before 9:00 a. engaging the broader range of exegetical skills contained in the “ATS Model of Exegesis” more fully but still staying largely focused on grammatical and lexical issues as well as others that arise from close attention to the text itself. and syntactical decisions where relevant (some of which will. formed in conversation with. obviously. D. Calculation of Grade Assignments Class Participation Learning Outcomes Percent of Final Grade 20 % Exegetical Notebook 40 % Final Exegesis Paper 40 % 6 . which you may also wish to keep electronically. lexical. It will provide the springboard for class discussion. EXEGESIS PAPERS ARE DUE NO LATER THAN JUNE 9.m. other scholarly works related to the focus passage in Galatians. This paper will build on the work done for the exegetical notebook. each student will write an exegesis paper on a discrete unit of the text. The paper should fall between 10 and 12 double-spaced pages (at 12-point type) and use a standard method of referencing (in-text references with works cited list or standard footnotes). Students who plan to graduate on June 7 must complete and submit all course work by June 5. with footnotes that explain grammatical. by 9:00 a.m. EXEGETICAL NOTEBOOKS ARE DUE AT THE END OF THE FINAL CLASS SESSION. The bibliography must contain a minimum of three scholarly critical full-length commentaries and a minimum of three appropriate scholarly journal articles or relevant monographs. The body of the exegesis paper will clearly present the student’s own exegetical work and scholarly opinions. If you submit your paper in hard copy. how this text relates to issues or ethical questions in the contemporary church. Bring a hard copy of each week’s contribution to submit to the professor.These components will make up your Exegetical Notebook. please put your ATS Mail Box Number on the Title Page or include with the final printed paper a large document-sized self-addressed stamped envelope (make sure you attach sufficient postage) so that it can be returned. The exegesis paper will begin with the student’s own translation of the passage. 3. Interaction with existing English translations is welcome and appropriate. and as a result of clear evaluation of.. An organic connection between exegesis and application is essential. The last 1-2 pages of the exegesis paper are to be dedicated to working out the practical application of what has been discovered to be the meaning and challenge of the text: e. etc.

3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. Global Readings. repeat. Global Readings. 157-178. 94-157. WEEK SIX: GALATIANS 3:23-4:11 1) Translate and work through Gal 3:23-4:11. WEEK TWO: GALATIANS 1:11-24 1) Translate and work through Gal 1:11-24. 2) deSilva. Global Readings. on this section. another day using a different version. on this section. assignments are listed under the class before which they are to be completed. 4) NT 798 students: Barclay. 3) deSilva. WEEK FIVE: GALATIANS 3:7-22 1) Translate and work through Gal 3:7-22. 68-93. NIV. Obeying the Truth. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. WEEK FOUR: GALATIANS 2:15-3:6 1) Translate and work through Gal 2:15-3:6. if possible. on this section. 2) deSilva. Tentative Course Schedule Note for all students: Preparation is required in advance of the first class meeting. 4) NT 708 students: Barclay. 5) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary: read the introduction and the commentary on Gal 1:1-10. or NLT. 36-74. 75-105. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. 2) deSilva.VI. 7 . WEEK THREE: GALATIANS 2:1-14 1) Translate and work through Gal 2:1-14. WEEK ONE: GALATIANS 1:1-10 1) Carefully read Galatians 1:1 – 6:18 in English in one sitting in the NRSV. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. 1-8. Global Readings. on this section. 2) deSilva. Obeying the Truth. 1-68. 2) Translate and work through Gal 1:1-10 (see above on exegetical notebook). Global Readings. 94-111.

etc. JUNE 5. 5) Optional: Brad Braxton. teaching. VII. WEEK NINE: GALATIANS 5:16-6:10 1) Translate and work through Gal 5:16-6:10. Global Readings. counseling. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. EXEGESIS PAPERS ARE DUE BY 9:00 a. 2) deSilva. 2014 (graduating students. “Neither Male Nor Female: Gal 3:28 – Alternate Vision and Pauline Modification. Obeying the Truth. WEEK TEN: GALATIANS 6:11-18 1) Translate and work through Gal 6:11-18. WEEK EIGHT: GALATIANS 5:1-15 1) Translate and work through Gal 5:1-15. 2) deSilva. 2014). are one model for future engagement with the biblical text in: (a) other New Testament courses.. The practices you follow. on this section. on this section. on this section. by 9:00 a. 243-261. in preparation of your exegetical notebook and in your exegetical paper. EXEGETICAL NOTEBOOKS in their entirety ARE DUE AT THE END OF THE FINAL CLASS SESSION. Global Readings. Obeying the Truth. 216-251.2) deSilva. It 8 . 9-35. 178-208. Global Readings. (c) preparation of a “ministerial” use of a biblical text (preaching. 294-314. “Galatians. 2) deSilva. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. 2) deSilva. and (d) your personal study of the Bible. 4) NT 708: Barclay. Recommendations for Lifelong Learning ATS students are encouraged to continue their engagement with the Greek texts of the Scriptures as part of a lifelong commitment to study of the Word of God. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. in In Memory of Her (NY: Crossroad. 1984).” 205-41. Global Readings.m. Obeying the Truth. 178-215.” 333-347. 261-294. 4) NT 708: Barclay. WEEK SEVEN: GALATIANS 4:12-31 1) Translate and work through Gal 4:12-31. in True to Our Native Land. 4) NT 708: Barclay. 106-177. 4) NT 708: Elizabeth Schüssler-Fiorenza. on this section.. JUNE 9. 4) NT 708: Barclay.m. 208-243. 3) NT 708 students: Your selected commentary. Obeying the Truth. (b) exegetical work for courses outside the Biblical Studies department. Global Readings. on this section.).

reading skills. B. VIII. The center provides free sessions with a peer consultant who can help you with all of your concerns about academic support including writing. The ATS Academic Support Center can be reached at 419-289-5162 or by e-mail at atswc@ashland. All students. even if only translating one verse. (419) 289-5904. study skills. or if you would like to have your paper evaluated for areas needing improvement. students are expected to hold themselves to the highest standards of academic. develop. and sustain men and women of character who will exemplify these biblical qualities in their ministry to the church and the world. continue to consult critical commentaries and other scholarly sources). are expected to abide by the academic integrity standards outlined in the Student Handbook. personal. contact the ATS Academic Support Center. some of these resources will be brought to class (in one way or another!). As members of the seminary community.is important to remember to find and keep the balance between personal engagement with the text and conversation with others who have made the study of these texts their life’s calling (i. ATS Grading Scale Grade Percent Description 9 . documentation. C. working through two or three additional critical commentaries along the way. it would be helpful to continue working to learn more nuances of Greek grammar and syntax beyond what is possible to offer in the seminary curriculum. ATS Academic Integrity Policy Ashland Theological Seminary seeks to model servant leadership derived from biblical standards of honesty and integrity.. others make time to translate their pericope before preaching or teaching on the text. and social integrity. Academic Support Services If you need assistance with writing projects for your coursework. test taking skills. In addition to continuing your work centered on the Scriptures. Students with Disabilities Ashland University makes every effort to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Continue to flesh out your exegetical notebook with the insights you gain from your study. Seminary Guidelines A. time management.edu. psychiatric or learning disabilities and require accommodations are encouraged to inform their instructors of their needs early in the semester so that learning needs can be appropriately met. D. It is the student’s responsibility to document the disability with Disability Services in The Center for Academic Support on the 7th floor of the Ashland University Library. Contact the center if you have a question about how to complete your assignment. Some people keep their Greek reading as a daily discipline. therefore. A reference grammar and other scholarly resources can help you as you wrestle with difficulties in translation and exegesis. Continue your study of Galatians by preaching or teaching through the text. critical thinking.e. if you have documentation questions. We desire to encourage. Students who have specific physical.

high degree of freedom from error. AB+ B 92-96 89-91 86-88 BC+ C 83-85 80-82 77-79 CD+ D 74-76 71-73 68-70 DF 65-67 Below 65 Unacceptable work resulting in failure to receive class credit. positive contributions verbalized in class. satisfactory class contribution. Acceptable work completed.A 97-100 Superior achievement of course objectives. Good work submitted. Passing but minimal work. satisfactory achievement of course objectives. demonstrating at least some ability to utilize course knowledge. commendable achievement of course objectives. diligence and originality. 10 . 315-328. Global Readings. inadequate class contributions. Course Bibliography See deSilva. inadequacy of work submitted or of performance and attendance in class. substantial evidence of ability to utilize course material. positive contributions verbalized in class. initiative expressed in preparing and completing assignments. IX. outstanding evidence of ability to utilize course knowledge. consistency and thoroughness of work completed. marginal achievement of course objectives. some aspects of the course met with excellence. poor performance in comprehension of work submitted.

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