You are on page 1of 61


From the great importance and status of this book is the extraordinary number of
commentaries that have been written for itreaching well over 100 difference commentaries
over the centuries. Some take the aspect of fiqh, hadeeth, worshipping Allah Subhanahu
waTa'aala etc. Also, even though hundreds of 40 hadeeth collections have been complied
over the years whenever one hears the phrase the 40 hadeeth, they invariably always think of
Nawawis collection. There is no doubt that if these hadeeth are understood properly and
implemented that they will lead the person to Jannah with Allahs permission.

There are many narrations that mention the virtues of collecting 40 hadeeths, but all of them
are weak or fabricated. Imam An-Nawawi mentions this in his books introduction and adds that
the basis for his compiling of this book is the following hadeeths:

_ , , | . - | = =|
Let him who was a witness among you inform him who was absent {Bukhari}
= -| , - , , = - - , _ | - _ = | -
May Allah make radiant the face of someone who has heard what I have said, has
learnt it by heart and has transmitted it as he heard it. {Tirmidhi}

Side Note: It is okay to take a weak hadeeth due to the weakness of the narrator, if there are
other evidences that support it. However, if it has chains of narrators known to fabricate and
forge, then we do not act on it. This is the case in regards to gathering of 40 ahadeeth.

Life of Imam Nawawi
Full Name: Muhyid-Deen Abu Zakariyya Yahya ibn Sharaf An-Nawawi
Birth: 631 AH
Birth Place: Nawa, a small town near Damascus.

He lived in the time when parts of the Muslim Empire and even the Capital, Baghdad were
being sacked by the Mongols. At the same time, people woke up and were able to push the
Mongols back.
He did not come from a family that is known for scholarship. His father was a very righteous
man though. To avoid any trace of Haraam, he would only feed his family from the food that
came from his garden. The Imam was never interested in anything but studying. One time
when he was young, his friends dragged him out of the house and he started crying in regret as
he was missing out on his Quran. He knew how to use his time wisely.
Later on in his life, his father took him to Damascus. He went to a school that provided him
with a small room. His room was filled with books everywhere. He used to attend 12 lectures a
day. That is a total of at least 8 hours if they are 45 minutes long. Additionally, he would need
another 8 hours to study, etc. This is how we see that Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala blessed his
time! Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala blessed him because of his sincerity.
We have holes in our day lets find them and fill them!
He did not get distracted by things of the dunya. He fasted everyday as an adult and only ate
once a day. His continuous fasting wasnt because he thought that it was better than the fast of
Dawud, but because he was really busy. Likewise with marriage. Marriage is sunnah, he used to
say, I do not want to pursue a sunnah and leave out obligatory matters. He used to constantly
read and when he gets tired, he would on his book. In a span of 10 years he was able to acquire
a lifetime of knowledge and began writing books.
Books he wrote:
40 Hadith
Ash-SharH: commentary of Sahih Muslim

Death: At the age of 45
As regards to his worship, ibn Kathir mentions in al-Bidaaya wan-Nihaaya his great devotion to
night prayer and to the recitation of the Quran and the daily remembrances (dhikr), in addition
to his perpetual; fasting as mentioned above. And in this matter let the student of knowledge
ponder-for this is indeed the only route of success for someone who pursues knowledge is that
they must act upon it.

Rules and Requests

Don't Be Stingy Please:
The Prophet (saw) said, Indeed the stingy one is he who doesn't send peace and
blessings upon me when I am mentioned in his presence. (S - Tirmithi)

Imam Nawawi mentioned that the Prophet (SAW) said that if I was going to take anyone as a
khalil, it would be Abu Bakr, but he (SAW) is the Khalil of Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala. This
shows that there are levels of messengers. 5 were chosen to be the top.

They are known as Ulul Azm and they are Nuh, Ibrahim, Isa, Musa and Muhammad (saw).

Prophet Muahmmad (SAW) is the best of creation who is singled out for comprehensive

., = - | `. . , , , | | _ - . `= , | _ - , - . -| , = = . - | . - - , - | _ | _ |
_, , | _ | | , - - | _ | , . = _ | = . - _ , .,, ,|
The Prophet (SAW) said, I have been given superiority over the other prophets in six
respects: I have been given words which are concise but comprehensive in meaning, I
have gained victory by terror (in the hearts of enemies), spoils of war have been made
lawful to me, the earth has been made for me clean and a place of worship, I have
been sent to all mankind and the chain of prophethood has culminated on me.

Why do we not have a problem with the terror part? When good comes forward, it always
terrorizes evil. The US engages in Pysch-ops (Psychological operation), they distribute pictures
of missiles and planes to scare people! This is to avoid conflict. This is a great thing, because
you are limiting casualties.

Be Good to One Another and to Me
The Prophet (saw) said: O you who have declared faith with your tongues, but faith has
not yet entered your hearts! Do not backbite other Muslims or seek our their faults, for
whoever seeks out their faults, Allah will seek out his faults and humiliate him even if he
is in his house. (S - Abu Dawood)

W Wh ho oe ev ve er r w wa an nt ts s t to o t ta ak ke e a an n e ex xa am mp pl le e, , t ta ak ke e t th he e e ex xa am mp pl le e o of f s so om me eo on ne e w wh ho o d di ie es s, , b be ec ca au us se e t th he e
o on ne e l li iv vi in ng g i is s n no ot t s sa af fe e f fr ro om m f fi it tn na ah h ~ ~A Ab bd du ul ll la ah h I Ib bn n M Ma as s o oo od d

Someone wrote a poem which praised ibn Uthaymeen. But the Shaikh stopped the poet and
said, instead say we will have success as long as we have the book of Allah Subhanahu
waTa'aala. The truth should not be tied to a certain individual, and we do not tie the success of
the deen to an individual.

We have to be careful not to praise people too highly. Nor, should we criticize people to a great

The Messenger (SAW) saw a man praise another highly, so he said, You are breaking his
back. Rather say that I presume that this person is good in such and such a way.

Imam Shafi: I wish people knew what they knew without mentioning my name.

Who Am I?
I am not a sheikh, so please save that term for those who deserve it and have earned it.
I am a medical doctor and you may call me Dr. if you like.
I am a student of knowledge who maybe slightly ahead of some of you listening today. I
will make mistakes and I will appreciate you gently and privately correcting me,
critiquing me and advising me to help save me from my mistakes and to help me be a
better teacher. You may also call me brother and that is good.
Thank you in advance.

Fath al-Bari (Commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari) Ibn Hajr
Commentary on Forty Hadeeth M. ibn Uthaymeen
Commentary on Forty Hadeeth S. Luhaymid
Notes on Discipline from the 40 Hadeeth U. Shamry
Siyar Alaam an-Nubalaa Dhahabi
Sifat as-Safwah

To learn about the life of al-Imam an-Nawawi and to derive beneficial lessons from his
To read and understand the meanings of the 42 Ahadeeth found in this famous
To derive some of the benefits from each Hadeeth.
To briefly learn about the narrator of each Hadeeth.
To constructively seek out ways to implement the lessons of each Hadeeth into our daily

, | - - _- = _= _ == - , - - _ | _ - ' _ - | - ,, , = ,, = _ . - =
- . .; , - ; - | , . =,`| , , - v , _, - , -|, = _ = _ ,
- , | , - - _ , - , . , , | - | . , , , = , , = | - . - .-|, = _ = ,

` ,` _ ` , , , _' , ,,,, , ,- , - = ,,' - ,_ ,,', ._-
_.' , ,,-,-. ._,,, _ , , _` -- , , -
.' . .

On the authority of Umar bin Al-Khattab, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah
(saw) say:
"Actions are but by their intention and every man shall have but that which he
intended. Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His messenger, his migration
was for Allah and His messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some
worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for
which he migrated."

Related by the Leader of the Masters of Hadeeth, Abu Abdillah Muhammad ibnu Isma'eel
ibnu Ibrahim ibnul Mugheerah ibnu Bardizbah al-Bukhari and Abul Hussein Muslim ibnul
Hajjaaj ibnu Muslim al-Qushayree an-Naysaaboori in their respective collections of
Authentic Ahadeeth which are the most authentic of the authored texts.

o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said that most merciful to my people from my people
is Abu Bakr, the most stern in application of Allah (SWT)s religion is Umar, the
most sincere in modesty is Uthman, the most judicious is Ali
o This tells us that every muslim has special quality.
o Abu Bakr was weighed against the whole ummahbecause of the deedsHis
impact on ummah is stronger and bigger than every one else.

The Narrator: U Um ma ar r i ib bn nu ul l K Kh ha at tt ta ab b
And the most stern in matters of Allah is Umar
Often called al-Farooq (the Criterion between good and evil) for his tenacity in seeking
the truth in affairs of religion. The second Caliphate and the most beloved to the
Prophet after Abu Bakr.
Omar's submission to Islam was a conquest, his migration was a victory, his Imamate
(period of rule) was a blessing, I have seen when we were unable to pray at the Kabah
until Umar submitted
Abd Allah ibn Masood
Embraced Islam 5 years before Hijrah.
As Caliph, defeated Persian and Roman Empires extending rule of Islam from Persia to
Egypt but only ruled for about 10years due to being assassinated.
o Umar (RA) used to make a dua that he wants to die in madinah and die as a
shaheed. He did allow some non-muslims to live in Madinah. Among them was a
fire worshipper who was a servant for a Sahabi. It is customary for Muslim
leaders to lead the prayer and Umar would lead the prayer. One day, at the time
of Fajr, the fire worshipper attacked Umar with a poisoned dagger. Umar
succumbed to his wounds.
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said that none of you will enter jannah on basis of
your deeds. It will only be the Mercy of Allah (SWT) that will make you enter
From Umars sayings, Account yourselves before you are taken to account.
o Today there in no accountability but there is action; on the Day of Judgment
there is only accountability and no action
Narrated ~ 530 Hadeeth.
o Umar was very distinguished by his knowledge. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said
that his knowledge outweighs all the knowledge of other muslims.
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) dreamt that Umar came dragging his clothes behind
him which indicated his knowledge.

An Essential Hadeeth
Abu Ubaid al-Qasim ibnu as-Salaam: There is no hadeeth that is more comprehensive,
richer in meaning, neither more beneficial nor greater in its lessons than this one.
It was a matter of agreement among al-Shaafi'ee, Ahmad, ibn al-Madeeni, Abu Dawood,
al-Bayhaqi, ad-Daraqutni and others that this hadeeth comprises one-fourth, one-third,
or one-half of Islam.
o Understanding this hadeeth is understanding the greatest part of the deen.
Abu Dawood stated, I have written half a million ahadeeth of the Prophet (saw) and
chose from them 4800 for my collection (as-Sunan) and from them there are four that
would suffice any Muslim.
o The Four Ahadeeth of Abu Dawood
1. Deeds are according to intention
2. From the perfection of a person's Islam is his leaving that which does not
concern him.
3. None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for
4. Halal is clear and Haram is clear ...
All of these ahadeeth are a part of of Imam Nawawis collection.
Deeds are either inner or outward the intention covers the inner aspect of deeds,
whereas action deals with the outward expression. Furthermore, the intention is the
worship of the soul and action is the worship of the limbs.

Niyyah - Definitions
Lexical purpose and objective sought with a level of determination
o Level of determination is the key word
o i.e sleeping late at night and saying that I intend to wake up for fajr.
Islamic/Technical two possibilities in writings:
1. Differentiating one act of worship from another as with the differentiating of
Dhuhr from Fajr
2. Clarifying a specific act of worship as due only to Allah or to someone else
Sometimes we have 3 definitions for each Arabic word. So, the third could be to understood as
the word locally.
Importance of the Intention
People will be sent forth according to their intentions (S Ibn Maajah)
People will be raised up according to their intentions. (S Ibn Maajah)

Intention Goes Beyond the Deed
Ja'far ibnu Hayaan used to say: Indeed, the man achieves with his intention that which
he does not achieve with his deeds.
If the servant becomes ill or travels, his deeds will be written for him as what he used to
do while he was healthy and a resident. (Bukhari)

The Four Types of People
The world is for four kinds of people. (1) One upon whom Allah has bestowed wealth and
knowledge and so he fears his Lord in respect to them, joins the ties of blood relationship
and acknowledges the Rights of Allah on him (and fulfills them); this type will have the
best position (in Jannah). (2) One upon whom Allah has conferred knowledge but no
wealth, and he is sincere in his intention and says: `Had I possessed wealth, I would have
acted like so-and-so.' If that is his intention, his reward is the same as that of the other
(S Tirmithi)

Intention and Wordly Acts
If a man spends upon his family expecting a reward from Allah then it will be counted
for him as a charity. (Agreed)
Mu'aath asked Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, O' Abdullah, how do you recite the Qur'an (in the
night). He replied, I read a portion and then take a break. He then asked Mu'aath how
he read. He replied, I sleep in the first part of the night and then awake to recite what
Allah has written for me. And I hope for the reward from my sleep the same way I hope
for the reward from my qiyaam. (Bukhari)

A Question
Why does a disbeliever spend an eternity in Hellfire if he only lived so many years in
this world, and how can someone accept Islam and, in at least one case, enter into
Jannah forever without even having prayed a single rak'ah? I thought your God was fair.

Another Question
Are you rewarded for that which you do not intend?
Would you be rewarded for coming to this program if you had no specific intention?

The Answer
Abdullah ibn Mas'ood said:
A statement has no benefit unless it is accompanied by an action, and a statement and
action have no benefit unless accompanied by an intention, and these three have no
benefit unless they conform to the Sunnah

The Evidence
Whoever fasts Ramadan with Imaan and seeking its reward will be forgiven all of his
sins, and whoever stands in prayer on Laylatul Qadr with Imaan and seeking its reward
will be forgiven his sins. (Agreed Upon)

Sincerity and Intention Among the Salaf
Ayub as-Sukhtiyaani: To maintain their sincerity in their deeds was harder upon them
(the righteous) then all other deeds.
Sufyaan ath-Thawri:
1. They used to learn the intention for the deed the same way they used to learn the
deed itself.
2. I never attended to something so difficult as my intention, for it was always trying to
Sufyaan ibn 'Uyaynah: One of our scholars said, I have been busy treating two matters
now for 30 years: rooting out my greed for the possessions of others (the dunya) and
making my deeds sincere to Allah alone'.
Al-Suqty: Purifying the deed from defects is more difficult than performing the deed

A Grave Warning
- - Q-- ;- '----- ,=7 J-- ;)-- J-- Q-- V - Q----- ,~-- -,- Q--- '-~-'- -V -- ,~-
~-~- Q- ,=7
"Give glad tidings to my community of great splendor, strength in religion, an exalted
status, victory and establishment upon the Earth. Yet whoever among them performs the
deeds of the Hereafter seeking this life, then he shall have nothing in the Hereafter.
(Ahmad, Sahih al-Jaami')

;- ;-'- _-- Q- '-;- Q---V ;--;= ;)- '- ;--- '- = ')-=-- '~-- -')- '-= '-- '-~=- -'---
';-)-- = '=-- ;-= ;- ;)--- -='- '- J--- Q- -='- ;----= Q- ) '-;- Q- (

The Prophet (saw) said, Indeed, I know people from this Ummah who will come on the
Day of Judgment with good deeds piled high like great snow-capped mountains and then
Allah will bring their deeds to nothing. Indeed they are from your brothers and they take
from the night (in prayer) as you do, yet they are those who indulged in the forbidden
when they were in seclusion. (Sahih al-Jaami)

The Proper Intention Behind Seeking Knowledge
Imam ibnu Jamaa'ah:
Q- ,-- -='- --=- --- ,-;-- -,~- '-= - J-- = = - -~-- '- ;-- ~-= - --- Q~=
-'--- ;- = -;~ Q- - -- '-- ,--
The good and right intention in seeking knowledge is that you do so seeking Allah's
pleasure, and to act in accordance with it, and to enliven the Shari'ah by it, to enlighten
the soul, to beautify your inner-self, to seek closeness to Allah on the Day of Judgment
and to lend yourself to that with which Allah is pleased.

So Why Are You Here Today?
Are you here out of boredom or entertainment?
Here to look for mistakes and to condemn?
Here to be seen by others?
Here awaiting descent of the sakeenah/mercy?
Here to learn so you can act, get closer to Allah?
Here so that Allah can mention you?
You will get what you intended ....

Why We Study Islam
;--- - --~= _--=- _-'- = Q- ,--- --~ ;--
- , ~-- ;-- J-- V - ,--- J-- ;-- V
Knowledge is only a means whereby we may get closer to Allah and whereby we validate
our humility before Him. And there is no such thing as knowledge without action as a
result of it, nor action without knowledge to guide it.

Hidden Desires in Seeking 'Ilm
The desire for prominence and fame, for superiority over others and status.
The taking of knowledge of the deen as a means to achieve position and fame, to earn
wealth, to have a forum whereby to put down others and to criticize them, the desire
that people look at him and to be the subject of discussion.

Another Story
A young man comes to visit a scholar and asks him to teach him. The scholar, true to his
knowledge, asks the young man why he wants to study. The young man says he wants to
be a mujtahid Imam like Imam Maalik and Ahmad.
Good intention or bad? Answer: BAD.

Back to Your Intention
Way back when you decided you were going to be more serious about Islam why did
you do it? Did you have any intention at all?
One man let his beard grow after his father passed and soon found all the Sunnis giving
him salaam and thought it was cool; one tried to get away from his annoying girlfriend;
another thought it made him look respectable, etc.
Repent and repeat your intention right!

Other Forms of Hidden Desires
That you become busy w/ fard kifaaya (communal obligation) over fard ayn (individual
To race to give others a fatwa, to request to give khutbah before you are asked.
Becomes angry with all who differ with him pleased with a large following and avoids
small groups (needs quota to give class)
To think well of yourself and attribute goodness to yourself (among the Muslims).
How to Achieve Sincerity?
Take Sincerely Yours: Understanding and Achieving Sincerity in Islam one weekend
Q- Q-~- -=- _-= -;-- =--- V -;-- =--- _-= ,=)- =--- V ')-,-
Hijrah will not cease until repentance ceases to be accepted, and repentance will
continue to be accepted until the Sun rises from the West. (S Abu Dawood)
Types of Migration in Islam:
A. Leaving a land of disbelief for one of belief.
B. Leaving a land of fear and oppression for one of safety.
C. Leaving the disobedience of Allah hadeeth Bukhari:

-- = _)- '- ,= Q- ,=')--
The migrant is he who forsakes that which Allah forbids.

Warning About the Material World
= -- '-- ')- '- ) ( '-- -- '-=- ;-- ,- >- _=
Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, let not then this (worldly) present life deceive you

)) )--- '-- -- , Q- ;---- _--- '- -- Q- ;---- '= '-- ' (( --- _---
From what I fear most for you after me is the opening up of the beauty and glitter of the
world. (Agreed)

The Material World
Ibnul Hanafiyyah: Whoever respects himself will as a result disregard the material
Al-Hasan al-Basri: Whoever seeks to compete with you in your religion, compete with
him; and whoever competes with you in this world, let him have it.
Ibnul Qayyim: The degree of a servants love for this world and his satisfaction with it
reflects his level of laziness in the obedience of Allah and seeking Jannah.

Other Beneficial Lessons
1. From the excellence of teaching is to mention a principle and then to mention an
2. --- -,~- ,-- J-- Statement of Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak; How many a great deed
is made small by the intention that accompanies it.
3. From among the greatest destroyers of religion is temptation, especially the opposite

The Allure of this World
_-- --- '- '~-- ;-- '-- -- ;--'- ;--- ~- ,=--- ')-- ;---=-~- -- ,~= ;-= '-- --
'~-- _- ~-' J-- ,~
Indeed the world is nice and green, and Allah has left you in charge of it to see what you
will do, so protect yourselves from the world and protect yourselves from women, for
indeed the first trial of the Children of Israel was from women. (Muslim)


,| =,| -- _- = _=_ - - -| ,, = _ = - , , - ,= -,- = _= - _ | . , ; , , = .
- | - - - , v .| | - , - ; , v -=| . , = =, = = = ,| , , =, = = - _ , - _ | , - _ - ` =
`_ ,| - ,= -,- = _= - - _ , - | = - , , | - , = _ - - , _ = - , , _ _ | , - , , _ = = |
; : = , . -| ,, = _ , - ,= -,- = _= - , = . | ; : = , ,, = _ = - . | -| v , - | , v . | =
:, , = - , | , . - = = . , . , , | _ . = - _ ;, = | _ :=| ,, -| . . | = = , | . , |
- |`= = , - | | . , - | , - . | . , - _ , - | , . , | -v ; , , | - = _ - , - : - -| , - . |
` = , - _ = | , - . . | = = , | . . . - , - _ , - | , | . , | -| = , - . | , | . , c |
= , - , . - -.| - _ , - | , | . , | .| - , - | , , - ,, . | - . _ , - | , |
, _ - | - . , | ; . | , , _ - - v = . | . , , | _ ., | = , =| - _ - | - | - | | . , |
_ | , | , , - . , = , .| - ; _ = | - , . , - | - |, = _ -| . | . , | , , - - ,
| , , . , - , , ,.- _
Also on the authority of Umar, who said: One day while we were sitting with the Messenger
of Allah (saw), there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and
whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none of
us knew him. He walked up and sat down by the Prophet (saw). Resting his knees against his
and placing the palms of his hands on his thighs, he said: "O Muhammad, tell me about
Islam". The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "Islam is to testify that there is nothing worthy of
worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish the prayers,
to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadhan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are
able to do so." He said:"You have spoken rightly", and we were amazed at him asking him and
then saying that he had spoken rightly
Then he said: "Then tell me about Emaan.He said:"It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His
books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in Qadr, both the good and the evil
thereof." He said:"You have spoken rightly". He said: Then tell me about Ihsaan." He said: "It
is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him not yet truly He sees
you". He said: Then tell me about the Hour". He said: The one questioned about it knows no
better than the questioner." He said: Then tell me about its signs." He said: "That the slave-
girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted, naked, destitute
herdsman competing with one another in constructing tall buildings." Then he stood up and
left and I stayed for a time. Then he (saw) said: "O Umar, do you know who the questioner
was?" I said: "Allah and His Messenger know best". He said: "He was Jibreel (Gabriel), who
came to you to teach you your religion." (Muslim)
Subnarrator: W Wa ak ke ee e' ' i ib bn nu ul l J Ja ar ra aa ah h
Imam Ahmad said about him, My eyes have never seen someone like him. He would
memorize hadeeth well, study fiqh and excel in it - applying cautious abstainment
(wara) and ijtihaad , and he used to never speak against anyone.
He also said, I have never seen anyone comparable to Wakee in knowledge, memory or
gentleness with humility and cautious abstainment (wara).
A scholar from the generation of the Successors (Tabieen) who lived in Kufah [128-197

From the Life of Wakee' ibnul Jaraah
Yayha ibnu Aktham states, I accompanied Wakee both in travel and in residence, and
he used to fast everyday and to finish the Quran every night.
He narrated from such senior Successors as Sufyaan al-Thawri, al-Amash, ibnu Juraij,
Shubah, al-Awzaee, etc
He took the place of Sufyaan al-Thawri after his death.
Was among the teachers of Imam al-Shaafiee who said, I complained to Wakee of my
poor memory, so he encouraged me to leave disobedience, for knowledge is light, and
the light of Allah is not granted to the heedless sinner.

Beneficial Lessons
1. The importance of asking questions to learning:
{ ;--- V ;-- ,-- J ;-'~'-}
So ask then the people of knowledge if you dont know. {21:7}

Ibn Abaas was asked how he learned so much and he replied,
'- ;-- ~-- : ;-- ~-- ;~ '~-- '--
By an inquisitive tongue and an understanding heart.
2. To ask questions that have benefit and to avoid asking about that which has no
importance (hypoth.)
3. To ask a question, at times even if you know the answer, if you see that it will benefit
those seated.
4. To have manners with the one whom you are asking and to be gentle in your manners
5. That Islam is something distinct from Imaan:
Q---;-- Q- ')-- ' Q- '-= ,='- Q---~-- Q- ~-- ,-- ')-- '--= '--
So We brought out from therein the believers. But We found not there any household of
the Muslims except one. {51:35-36}
Thus Islam is outward deeds and Imaan is inward deeds.

Articles of Faith
Belief in Allah His Oneness as regards His Lordship, making worship alone to Him and
believing in His unique Names and Attributes.
Belief in His Angels created from light, have no ability to disobey, serve Him without
Belief in His Books Suhuf Ibrahim, Tawrah, Zaboor, Injil and Quran are the ones that are
known; the only one preserved from error is the last one.
Belief in His Messengers Chosen only by Allah, they deliver His message to mankind
and Jinn.
We are required to believe in all of them and each of their messages as taught to us in
the Quran; we must obey and submit to the guidance of our Messenger who came in
our era Muhammad.
Belief in the Last Day death, resurrection, judgment (scales, questioning, sirat) and
recompense Jannah or Hell, after the Last Day. Evidence for the last day lies in the
innate belief in Justice that every soul holds.
Belief in Qadr Allahs perfect knowledge of what will come and what would come if
things happened differently.
Two levels of awareness of Allah are being discussed in this portion of the hadeeth:
1) To act as if you see Allah in front of you due to such a strong sense of His presence
Mushaahadah (the level of the one who is witnessing).
2) To act knowing that He sees you and knows what is in your heart (lesser degree)
Muraaqabah [the level of the one being observed].
The difference of having the supervisor looking directly over your shoulder vs. knowing
you are on CC security camera.

Beneficial Lessons
The Prophet does not know the Unseen.
Although the timing of the Hour is unknown, it has signs: Major and Minor. He
mentioned two minor signs: that the slave girl would give birth to her master (end of
slavery or disrespect of parents) and that you would see the bare-footed, naked
shepherds competing in the building of tall buildings. Other minor signs in the
neighborhood of 100 loss of trust, increase in wealth, Islam would return to being
strange, wars between Muslims, wars against Muslims, conquest of Jerusalem, Arabia,
Constantinople, Rome etc.
Why is it strange for a shepherd to compete in building a tall building?
Major Signs: Mahdi, Jesus, Dajjal, Yajooj and Majooj, the Beast that shall have the ring
of Sulayman (as) and the staff of Musa (as), soft wind from Yemen, lack of remembrance
of Allah on Earth, sun rising from West.
The ability of the Angel to take the appearance of a human and the permissibility of
seeing him and hearing him in that form.
The importance of saying I dont know when asked a question you dont know
indicates taqwa and deen.
J-,-= '~ _-= V When the Prophet (saw) was asked what city was most beloved to
Allah, he replied, I dont know unless I ask Jibreel. (S Albani)
Islam, Imaan and Ihsaan all are covered under deen since he said, He came to teach you
your religion (deenukum).
Attending the circles of knowledge in the best appearance possible for a clean
appereance makes for a clean, prepared mind.
Hadeeth is considered a summary of the Sunnah and is believed to have occurred late in
the life of RasulAllah (saw)

,| ,- _- = _=_ ==- , - , = =,- >| =,- _| - -,- = _= = ,,=_ .-r
,,, ,= -| - _ - ;: =, _ , :=| ; | , . = ,, = _ = - .| . = v, -|, v .| . , =
| , , . . = - _ ; , = . . , ,| `_ - .
,.- _,| _
On the Authority of Abu Abdur Rehman Abdullah ibn Umar, who said,I heard the Messenger
of Allah say: Islam has been built on five pillars: testifying that there is nothing worthy of
worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the
prayers, paying the zakat, making the pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in Ramadan.
[Bukhari and Muslim]

The eldest son of Umar ibnul Khattab, one of the great 4 Abdullahs (al-Abaadilah) in
terms of knowledge and the impact on the Ummah. Participated in all battles except
Badr. Avoided the struggle between Ali and Muaawiyah. Last of the Sahabah to die in
Makkah. The four Abdullahs are: Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-Aas; Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr;
Abdullah ibn Umar and Abdullah ibn Abbas.
o Fitnah in Arabic is a process of taking impure metal and sticking it into a fire until
a melting point of a certain impurity and again for the next impurity and so on
until you end up with pure metal. The temperature is raised higher and higher
until purity is left. Those who do not have sincerity they melt off, the ones left
are the purest in iman, sincerity for the sake of Allah swt.
o In the battle between Ali and Muawiyah, only about 100-200 out of 10,000
Sahabah participated in the battle. Thats only 1 to 2 percent. During this time
of fitnah, they sat down.
o The Hadeeth narrated by Abu Bakra where he said, If the time of fitnah
comes to you stay in your house. If someone enters your house, then go into
the deeper part of your house If you are sitting, lie down. If he comes to
harm you, be the better of the son of Adam (meaning, let him kill you).
o Q: You said in times of fitnah to sit down and wait for light. What light are we
waiting for? A: Not the flash light. Nor is it Imam Mahdi as turning everything
around solely because of he himself would make him better than the
Prophet, he will come once everything is set up for him as a final puzzle
piece. Were in a position of hardship, ease will come, part of it is victory,
part of it is clarity, and right now we cant see whats going on. You have to
sit until the picture becomes clear as one of the sisters said Allah swt knows.
Point is dont try and hasten it, e.g. non-Muslims trying to complete Israel
forcing the hand of God as they put it to hasten the return of Jesus. When
you know more youll be more likely to see the light when it comes. One of
the signs of Mahdi is that an army is swallowed up.
o In other words Dont get involved!
When the fitnah hits (i.e. there is darkness), sit until you see a light. Think of
it as a dark
room without any lights, filled with holes.

Ibn Umar was known for his strict adherence to the Sunnah of the Prophet. His rulings
had a great influence on the Maaliki school of thought. He is second only to Abu
Hurairah in narrating Hadeeth (2630) and his students include: al-Hasan, al-Zuhri, Naafi,
Saeed ibnal Mussayib, ibn Sireen, etc.
Beneficial Lessons:
Islam has been built upon these five pillars, so whoever rejects anyone of them cannot
be considered a Muslim.
An example is made of a house; just like a house cannot stand without one of its walls,
so cannot Islam.
Mentioned in order of importance as evidenced by the Sunnah sent to Muaath to give
dawah to the people of Yemen, first point tawheed, then salah, then zakah (Agreed

Ibn Abbs (RA)said,

When the Prophet (SAW) sent Mudh to the inhabitants of Yemen he said to him, You are
going to a nation from amongst the People of the Book so let the first thing that you call
them to be the Tawhd of Allh [in that they single Him out Alone for worship]. If they learn
this then inform them that Allh has obligated five prayers upon them to be prayed during
the day and night. If they pray then inform them that Allh has obligated upon them the
giving of Zakh from their wealth and property, it is to be taken from the rich and given to
the poor. If they accept this then take it from them but avoid the best and most beloved
property of the people.

The Meaning of Shahadah
There is no deity worthy of worship, except Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger.

Allah root of the word
Aliha to obey, adore something to the point of worship; thus nothing worthy of worship.
Hadeeth of the woman who was looking for her infant/toddler child in the middle of
battle (or after a battle) the two found each other and the child ran to the mother, she
embraced him intensely and began to feed him immediately. The Prophet said look at
that woman, do you think she would ever let that child go to Hell / battle (they all saw
the love in the embrace)? Verily Allah is more merciful to/ loves you than that woman
to her child.
People say that Jesus is all about love and your God and Messenger are about
punishment and battle, etc.
Ar-Rahman: The best attribute is of mercy which entails kindness and forgiveness.
Isa 'Alayhisalaam has 2 phases: 1st life and 2nd life.
o 1
phase: He was a gentle and humble man. He was extremely simple.
o 1
phase of Rasool (saw): similar to Jesus.
o 2
phase of Rasool (saw) in Madinah as a leader.
o 2
phase of Isa at his second coming by the Christian perspective: He is a
warrior, Last Battle, the actual coming; he will come out of the clouds with
armies of angels.
o 2
life of Isa from a Muslim perspective: he will descend when Muslims are
getting ready to pray fajr.
We dont only want the Love of Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala, we want to go to Jannah
and be saved from hell. Hell: It needs to be tamed with leashes, with 70,000 angels per
leash because otherwise it would devour everything if it was let loose! So dont say you
just want the love of Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala and after hearing the joys of Jannah,
do not say you do not want to be in it.

Meaning of Muhammad is the Messgener of Allah:
1. Obeying what he ordered.
2. Avoiding that which he forbade and disliked.
3. Believing in what he foretold.
4. Defending him from enemies.
5. To not worship Allah except by what he legislated.
., - , , , =| | ,, =| ,, - - = , =| _`- v _ , , - | , , , _ ,| _ , = -
= - | , ;` , = ,`,=| , , | , | - , , , , = , , , - _ = , . \ , | , , , -
, : - v _ - - , , - , =| , , , - . _ | - - - , | =| _,| , - , =
c . | | ., | ,
"Those who follow the apostle, the unlettered Prophet, whom They find mentioned In their
own (scriptures),- In the law and the Gospel;- for He commands them what is just and forbids
them what is evil; He allows them As lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from
what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes
that are upon them. so it is those who believe In him, honor him, help him, and follow the
light which is sent down with him,- it is They who will prosper."
[Al A'raaf 7: 157]
Gem: We all have problemsthat is not surprising because we are humans just like the rest of
the world. The only thing which differentiates us from others is our iman. That iman does not
change our genetic code, but it enables us to change our actions!

The Conditions of the Shahaadah:

o The statement laillaha illalah is like a key, you have to have right ridges on the
key to open the door of Jannah. The ridges of the key are following -

1. Knowledge (Ilm) that removes Ignorance
2. Certainty (Yaqeen) that removes Doubt
3. Acceptance (Qubool) that negates Rejection example of Abu Talib
4. Compliance (Inqiyaad) that negates Dissesntion
5. Loyalty (Sidq) that negates Hypocrisy and Dishonesty says the shahaadah honestly,
meaning what he says
6. Sincerity (Ikhlaas) that negates Shirk
Loyalty is the foundation of sincerity.
Im loyal to Allah all the time, but I become sincere before the deed.
Must say the shahaadah only for Allah, not for someone else or some worldly
gain. Those who are born into Islaam need to recheck this. A Muslim cannot be a
Muslim for the sake of his parents or community or friends, etc. It must be
sincerely for Allah alone.
7. Love (Mahabah) for it and those who adhere to it, a love that negates Dislike and
Abi darda passing a street and sees a guy beating the other and he stops him like
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) would do to tell them to stop. The one beating said
that dont you hate him for what he is doing. He said that I hate the sin that he is
doing but as soon as he leaves it he is my brother in Islam.

The Prayer
:=| ., - . ;: =, -v | _
The heart of the matter is Islam and its pillars are the prayer (S Ibn Majah,
,, :=| = . | = `=| , , -| , , ., ,, , . - _

Between a man and shirk & kufr is leaving the prayer.
The difference between the one who leaves off the prayer at times and one who has
absolutely abandoned it.
o There is a difference between a person who leaves the prayer at times and a
person who never prays. While we may not use this knowledge it may help us at
times to prevent. A question often asked is if e.g. a person who flakes out on
prayer from time to time is a Muslim or not. Some call them kafir outright. The
idea of the ulema is that he is fasiq (corrupt) but he is not a disbeliever. What do
you do about it? Advice. If there were an Islamic sultan what would he do? He
would get advisors to give him nasiha. It could be that the person not praying is
crazy. What about people who see the example of bad Muslims everywhere but
not of good? They have something of an excuse before they die but they still
owe it to themselves to learn the truth. If a person says outright, I dont think
we should pray he is not Muslim as he is denying both Quran and Sunnah.
What about a person that never, ever prays? Ibn Taymiyyah says that person is
not really a believer. He says if we really believe, what are the actions of the
heart? Hope, fear, trust, love (not duaa, duaa as an actual outward action). If
you sit and think of the magnificence of Allah swt, can you say Im not going to
bow down to Him? Can a person really understand the greatness of Allah swt
and not bow down to Him? Can a person be afraid of Allah swt and not bow
down to Him? If you study these people do they bow down to other things,
submit to other things? Certainly. Example of our lack of knowledge about
Jannah influencing our actions (in some cases i.e. the lack thereof). The Prophet
mentioned many women being in the Hellfire saying itll happen because of
ingratitude to people no matter how much good is done for them, if they find
one thing bad, it is as if no good was done. He did this to clarify their weakness
so they would avoid doing that. What about men? We have so many, where to
Pray as you have seen me pray. (Agreed)
Meaning of establishing Prayer as opposed to praying.
o Umar ibn al-Khataab said, The amount who perform hajj are few and the riders
many. There are few people who perform hajj properly. Likewise, pray salah
o Ibn abbasbowing, prostration, reciting with khushoo.
o Qatadah---Stick to and guard its timing, bowing and prostration.

The Zakah
Connection between prayer and alms throughout the Quran as well as the Sunnah
(Hadeeth of Muaath)
Zakaah in Arabic means growth, blessing and purification(from the Arabic dictionary:
Lisaan al-Arab).
Sadaqah comes from the word sidq (loyalty) it is a sign of sincerity of faith on the part
of the person who gives it.
With regard to the Shari definition:
o Zakaah is a means of worshipping Allah by giving that which He has obligated of
different types of zakaah to those who are entitled to them, according to
guidelines in Shariah.
o Saqadah is a means of worshipping Allah by giving money without being made
obligatory in Shariah. The word sadaqah can also be used to refer to obligatory
Some Details of Zakaah
1. Zakaah is obligatory on: gold, silver, crops/fruits, trade goods and livestock.
2. Zakaah requires that one full Hijri year have passed since acquiring the wealth, and that
the wealth meets the minimum threshold (nisaab).
3. Allah has enjoined that zakaah be given to certain types of people, and it is not
permissible to give it to anyone else. They are mentioned:
= | ==| , - | | , , - _ - - | _ . | | _ - _ - | = |`| _ , , ,, |
-| , , = _ ` ,, - ` ,, - -| -| `- - =, ,,.| ,
Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for
those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those In bondage and
In debt; In the cause of Allah. and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by Allah, and
Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
[At-Taubah 9:60]
4. Whoever dies and owes Zakaah, his heirs must pay it from his wealth and that takes
precedence over the will and inheritance.
No one who doesnt pay zakah except that he will be branded by plates

The Hajj
Hajj is one of 3 deeds that wipe out all sins.
Whoever comes to this house and does not commit any lewd behavior or any sins, he
shall return the way he was the way he was born. Bukhari.

What are the other two?
- Leaving kufr and entering into Islaam.
- Hijrah for the sake of Allah.

Along with Umrah, it is the Jihad of women.
Aisha asked, Is Jihad incumbent upon women? The Prophet (saw) said, Yes, it is the
Jihad that does not encompass fighting Hajj and Umrah.
It is obligatory upon the one who has the means (health, wealth provisions, permission,
Majority of the scholars are of the opinion that one must perform it as soon as the have
the ability, otherwise they are sinful. This is the opinion of the majority of scholars,
except some of the shafiee scholars.
If anyone breaks a bone or becomes lame, he must break his hajj and perform it the
following year. It is supposed to be done quickly!

month of Hijri calendar; no food, drink or intimacy during the hours from Fajr to
Prescribed for the nations before Muhammad (saws).
o Insert Ayah from Baqarah Kuteebah Alaykumul Siyam kama kutibah
alalatheena min qableekum.
Protection and shield from the hell-fire
Adh-Dhahabi states, According to the leaders of this Ummah, whoever leaves the fast
of Ramadan without being sick or traveling is worse than a fornicator or an alcoholic. In
fact, they doubt his Islam and they suspect he might be an apostate who seeks to
destroy Islam.

Beneficial Lessons:
The phrase, Islam has been built, is indicative of a complete structure that can neither be
added to nor can anything be taken away. This corresponds well to the verse, This day I have
completed for you your religion.

Hadeeth Four
Theres a small defect in the actual text of the 40 Nawawi. This caused a lot of commentators to
make a small mistake in their commentary. Jamal Zarabozo pointed it out. It is correct in the
English, but the Arabic is a little issue because it gives you the idea of 3 separate 40 day
periods. This created a bit of a misunderstanding and was corrected by later scholars.

,| -- = _=_ .,-.- , = =,- >| =,- _| - , ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ =-
3==' 3.=| - , _ | -`- | = , _ - - _ , , = - | . , , c | . - - - c | . _ ., , , - , , _
- - | - | _ _ . , = _ , _ | , - , _| -, _ , c | = , , c | . - - - = - c | . _ ., ,
` =, - = | _ = - - v , , , , - , , ., , - _ - - | | - , - , | , = - | . , ,- - | , v ; =| ,
- , - , | , = - | . , , - = , _| | - , - , = | - , - , . , ` g _ . ., , - _ - _| |
, - = , - | | - , - , = | - , - , . , ` g _ . v , , , , - , ,
,.- _,| _

On the Authority of Abdullah ibn Masud, who said: the Messenger of Allah , and he is
truthful, the One to be believed narrated to us: Verily the creation of each one of you is
brought together in his mothers abdomen for forty days; then he is a clot of blood during
that period, then a morsel of flesh during the same period, then there is sent to him the Angel
who blows the breath of life into him and who is commanded about four matters:
to write down his provision
His life-span
His Actions, and
Whether he shall be happy or wicked
By Allah, besides which there is nothing worthy of worship, verily one of you behaves like the
people of paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and then that which
has been written overtakes him and so he behaves like the people of hell-fire and thus he
enters it; and one of you behaves like the people of hell-fire until there is but an arms length
between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he behaves like
the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.
[Bukhari and Muslim]

Narrator: Abdullah ibn Masood
Sixth person to embrace Islam and his mother was also an early convert to Islam. First to
publicly recite the Quran. Among the early migrants to Abyssinia. Died in Madinah at
nearly 60 years old (32AH).
Narrated about 848 ahadeeth but best known for his knowledge of the Quran, from
whom the Prophet used to encourage people to take it from.
He was given a post in Kufa, Iraq and remained there for some time where he helped to
spread what later became known as the Kufan school of Fiqh which became part of the
Hanafi school of thought.

The Truthful, the One to be Believed
The only Hadeeth in which Ibn Masood opens with this fashion of the reasons offered
is that due to the nature of the content of the Hadeeth, and that it can only be known
through revelation; that he wished to emphasize the fact the Prophet is the Truthful
One and the One to be believed.
o Believe it was the truth even though at the time they couldnt understand it. E.g.
the embryonic stages as described in the Quran could not have been known
without the degree of microscopes available since about the last 50 years.
One day ibn Masood climbed up a tree to get some food and his legs showed and he
had skinny legs. The people started making fun of his legs because they were skinny and
the Prophet said, Indeed, these legs are going to be heavier than the mountain of Uhud
on the Day of Judgment.

Embryonic Stages
Important Note: Most of the knowledge we know about Embryology has been discovered in
the last 50 years. Most of what we know in the very early stages can only be seen using an
electron microscope. This is good to know because it highlights the miracles of the Quran!
Nutfah drop of fluid; established in Quran and Sunnah that both women and men
contribute; scientifically from Day 1 to Day 7 (mixing of egg and sperm to create a zygote
that progresses on to become a blastocyst)

Microscopic Blastocyst
Alaqah: Something that clings; a leech. The period between day 7-21 is most aptly
characterized by clinging: implantation of the blastocyst to the uterine wall with
eventual development of the connecting stalk (cord).

Clinging an early form

Mudghah: Means chewed lump (of flesh); development of somites happen at this stage
(day 21-42) from which the skeleton and muscles will develop.

Day ~ 32-38 Human Life Cycle
Important Stages
Day 1: Fertilization Occurs
Day 6: Embryo implants in the uterus
Day 18: Human heartbeat can be detected
Day 21: Foundations for many organs are apparent
Day 31: Human anatomy (arms, legs, etc.) develops
Day 38: Baby begins moving independently
Day 40: Brain waves can be detected
o Whats amazing is that this information on embryology is from a non-Muslim
website. Day 40 is also the day the Angel implants the soul!
Day 42: EKG and EEG can be done.
Insert Hadeeth in Muslim States that the Angel comes with the soul at 40 or 45 days.
Insert Hadeeth in al-Jame3 al sagheer Indeed the muqtah will stay in the womb of the mother
for 40 nights and then the angel will come to her.
Important fiqh Principle
Using this Hadeeth as a basis, a fetus comes into existence as a life at approximately 40
days, or 6 weeks gestation. Those that supposed the Hadeeth refer to three separate 40
day periods placed that much further at approximately 120 days or 4 months.
o This is also important because the child will make shafa3ah for the parents.
Funeral prayer can thus be prayed for any fetus that has passed 40-45 days or 6 weeks.
o The reason its important to realize its 40 days and not 120 days, it affects the
Fiqh after 40 days its a life and requires janazah. Before 120, under the other
opinion its not considered to be a life.

Is the last part of the Hadeeth Fair?
Armed with our understanding of the intention, this portion of this noble Hadeeth
makes a great deal of sense and is very fair.
Just doing the actions of the people of Paradise does not mean that those deeds were
done for the right reasons or with the right intention.
o About has been written overtakes what happens is Allah swt exposes the
intention of the person. Take for example implementation of Islamic rules for
clothing, so people will dress a certain way because its encouraged, its good,
its forced, its troublesome if they dont. Example of them given a plane ticket
and now we see the real person going from abaya to make up, skirt, etc. Thats
the Qadr, thats what was written, that plane ticket, those actions. (Never miss
the chance to give dawah you never know when or how itll be someones qadr
even if ten years down the line even if say the person you hand material to
throws it away and the one that picks it up is turned to Islam you get the reward
for intention of helping others.).
Beneficial Lessons
The Hadeeth should cause us to reflect on the Majesty and Ability of Allah to create
from such a microscopic source a walking, thinking, acting human being.
To reflect upon the mercy of Allah that he preserves us all throughout this very fragile
state where any one of a million things could go wrong that we can be born.
o Think about how you were the images above not long ago and now you have all
the skills that Allah swt has blessed you with, its miracle we even lived after
coming out of the womb.

The Hadeeth contains in it a treatment for arrogance and pride, for when you remember
your weak and flimsy origins; you have naught except to be humble.
To be calm on the matter of provision for it is written
o Provision includes your spouse and your children, etc.
A reminder to be good to our parents, especially the mother, in whose womb all of the
preceding occurs.
o If your parents are alive and you dont go to Jannah, youre a loser! A real loser!
o The Prophet was in Jannah walking around and he heard someone reciting
Quran. He asked the Angels who is the one reciting the words of Allah in Jannah
and they responded Al-Haarith. He heard that and he said, kathaleekum ul-Birr 3
times. This is because he wasnt a man known for his recitation but for his
dedication to his parents.
o There was a tabiee who is mentioned by name in the Hadeeth, Owais Al-Qarni.
Sahih Muslim Prophet told Umar Ibnul Khattab, There is a man named Owais
from al-Qarn. He had a skin disease and he made Dua for Allah to heal him and
Allah healed him. The man is good to his mother. If you find him, ask him to
make dua for you (Umar ibnul Khattab).

o What could possibly be the status of that man?
It was literally because of his goodness to his mother!
Serve your parents. Sacrifice for them. Take care of them. Make them happy.

A reminder that it is the seal upon our lives that determines much, so not to be too
proud of good that we have done for fear that we might end up upon evil, nor to be
distraught over evil we have done in hopes that Allah will yet guide us to that which is
better. That which we do upon our death is that which will send us forth to our final
The fear of an evil end kept many of the righteous awake with tears; Sufyan ath-Thawri
said through tears, I fear that I have been written among the wicked in the Preserved
Book, I fear that I will lose my Imaan upon my death-bed; Maalik ibn Dinaar used to
say, Oh Allah you know the inhabitants of hell-fire and the inhabitants of Jannah, so in
what land have you recoded the name of Maalik.
Thus this Hadeeth should cause us to reflect upon the sincerity of our deeds and our
loyalty to Allah.


.|| ,- = _=_ -=- ==,- ;| _-' ;| - -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ ,|
,= ] ._ ,, -- ,| - = -| ==-| - [ ,.- _,| _
,.' -,_ ] . _ , , - | - , - , | : - - - [

On the authority of the Mother of the Believers, Umm Adullah Aisha, who said: The
Messenger of Allah said: He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it
will have it rejected. (Bukhari and Muslim).
And in one version by Muslim it reads: He who does an act which is not in agreement with
our matter will have it rejected.
Narrator: Aisha bint as-Sideeq
The daughter of Abu Bakr, and the favorite wife of the Prophet; he married her when
she was very young and she spent 9 years in his close sompany while she attained
maturity, observing him in many different phases and thus able to relate his habits.
She narrated 2210 Hadeeths and was called upon for several years after the death of
the Prophet to help the companions solve difficult problems. She was a scholar of the
highest standard and had a great many students among the sahabah and the Tabieen.

Beneficial Lessons
The Shariah is complete and needs no additions.
Principle: All acts of worship are forbidden with the exception of those acts performed,
commanded or approved by the prophet.
Principle: All worldly deeds are allowed with the exception of those deeds that are
expressly forbidden in the Quran and Sunnah.
No points for creativity in Islam, only for following.
o You have to have a precedence to go on in regards to religious actions. Tawkifiya
you stop where the Prophet and his Companions stopped, what was enough for
them needs to be enough for you. This hadeeth is about bidah and
understanding the true Sunnah.
The Hadeeth encourages seeking knowledge for how else is one to come to the
evidence to support a deed.
To Comply with Shariah
An act must conform to six parameters:
1. Cause Taraweeh vs. Mawlid
2. Type Sacrifice a cow vs. a horse
3. Amount - Maghrib 3 vs 4; Thikr morning/evening
4. Manner start wudu with feet
5. Time Jumuah prayer on Sunday, Eid on weekend
6. Place Hajj in Arizona
7. Who i.e. who can Sadaqah or Zakaah go to.
Relating to Bidah
Abu Musa was sitting in the masjid and some people were sitting in a circle making thikr and
throwing a rock in the middle. He never saw it before so he didnt say anything and he went to
Abdullah ibn Masoods house and on the way to fajr he told Abdullah ibn Masood about this
incident. Ibn Masood marched over there and told them, You are either more guided than the
Prophet Muhammad or you are upon the clear Misguidance. The person who narrated the
Hadeeth said he saw them making thikr, and then he saw them in the battle of naHrawan. This
is the battle of the khawarij.

Abdullah ibn Abbas, when he met the Khawaarij, said, I dont see one companion of the
Messenger of Allah among you. These people started out doing a small thing and it grew.
Bidah starts small and it grows and grows until it eats away at the person.
There are 2 other dangers to Bidah that we should recognize.

Ibnul Qayyim said there are 6 pitfalls that the Shaytaan tries to get people to fall into.
1. Shirk
2. Bidah i.e. how could throwing a stone into a circle be worse than killing someone?
Because a person will never realize that they are doing something wrong and spreading
it. At least if you commit a major sin (i.e. murder), then you know its wrong and you can
ask for Repentance. With Bidah, you dont usually seek repentance because you dont
see anything wrong.
-- What was enough for the Messenger and his companions should be enough for us as
3. Major Sins leaving the prayer, zina, alcohol, gambling, etc
4. Minor Sins accumalating minor sins might destroy a believer just as a huge fire can be
sustained by small pieces of wood.
5. Temptations and deceptions: Sahytan resorts to corrupt their acts of worship and
obedience, so that he can deprive them of the rewards. For example the missing the
6. Uses other people against him to take him away to torture, ridicule, call him to evil,

,| ,- = _=_ _=, , .-| = =,- _| - ,,, ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ .-r
, = = , ,=| _ | - ` _ , - , v ` = , , = - , , , ` `, , ; | . , ` `, , , : | . , - , = | |
| . , v | -, _ , . | c =, , _ | , , - _ - , _ -| ; | _ _ | = , ,=| _ _ | - - = -
. , - - = - = . | _ . , v | - - _ - -| _ - . , v | _ - c - = = . . , - = . | _ = . =
. | _ v | - = . | = .
,.- _,| _

On the authority of Abu Abdullah Al-Numan ibnu Basheer, who said I heard the
messenger of Allah say:
That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear and between the two
of them are ambiguous matters about which not many people know. Thus, he who
avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, but he
who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who
pastures around a sanctuary, all but razing therein. Truly ever king has a sanctuary,
and truly Allahs sanctuary is His Prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of
flesh which if it be whole, all the body is whole and which, if it be diseased, all of it is
diseased. Truly, it is the heart. (Bukhari and Muslim).

Narrator: AnNumaan ibnu Basheer
Born about 8-10 years before the death of the prophet. Was given positions of authority
under the rule of Muaawiyah in the territories of Hums, Syria and Kufa, Iraq. Was killed
in Hums when he was 74.
Narrated 114 hadeeths, 5 of which are agreed upon.
Among his students were Al-Shabi, his servant, and son.
o Sufyan at-Thawri said the people that benefited the least from him were his own
family. Sh. Waleed told Dr. Ali that we often get so absorbed in dawah efforts
and we dont give family their due rights.
Samaak ibn Harb said, By Allah al-Numaan was among the most eloquent speakers I
have ever heard.
Beneficial Lessons
In general, matters of halal and haram are clear.
There are a small number of matters though that are unclear to the majority of people,
and the rule with regards to these is caution (yellow light).
The Hadeeth indicates the honor of knowledge, for the more knowledge a person has,
the smaller the number of unclear issues he shall encounter.
To avoid doubtful matters will clear honor and deen.
Whoever persists upon disliked matters or doubtful matters will no doubt eventually fall
into Haram.
From the effective techniques of teaching is to give an analogy or an example as did the
Prophet here.
The majority of matters are Halal, minority haram.
The heart, in general, directs the body to good or evil.
Indicates the importance of purification of soul/heart.

Signs of the Pure and Healthy Heart (Ibnul Qayyim - Ighaathatul Lahfaan)

1. The person considers himself as belonging to the next world and not to this one. He is a
stranger here looking forward to returning home.
2. The person is ashamed and greatly disappointed any time he disobeys Allah, and he
remains so until he completely repents for that action.
3. If the person misses his daily portion of Qur'anic recitation or thikr, it is heavier upon
him and fills him with more remorse than had he lost his wealth.
4. The person finds a pleasure in worshipping Allah that is greater than any pleasure he
might find in eating or drinking.
5. When the person enters the prayer, his worldly worries and concerns leave
him.(Arihnaa bi haa Ya Bilal)
6. He is stingier with his time than a greedy person is with regards to his wealth. (Hadeeth
about the blessing of free time and five before five)
7. The person is as concerned with his intention and the correctness of the deed as he is
with the actual performance of the deed.
Signs of the Ill Heart:

1. The person feels no pain or discomfort when he commits sins.
2. The person finds pleasure in that which Allah has forbidden and achieves a degree of
rest after completing them.
3. The person is more concerned with insignificant and trivial matters than with heavy
matter (the opposite of 'Uluw al-Himma)
4. The person dislikes the truth and has difficulty submitting to it or accepting it.
5. The person finds relaxation among the disobedient sinners and is aggravated when
among the righteous and obedient.
6. The person is overwhelmed with doubts and is affected greatly by misconceptions and
false arguments. He is more attracted to such discussions than he is to the recitation of
the Quran or to the circles of knowledge.
7. The person is not affected by admonition.
o When was the last time that we heard the verse of Hell-fire and passed out?


- , =| ,`=| ,| ,= -| -,- = _= _| .| -- _- = _=_ _=| | , ,,s -,|_ _| -
, | | | , , - - _ . | - v - |, = | - , | - | ,.- _
On the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tamim ibnu Aws Al-Dari that the Prophet (saws) said:
"Religion is sincerity". We said: "To whom?" He said: "To Allah and His Book, and His
Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk". (Muslim)

Narrator: Tamim ad-Daari
Accepted Islam in 9 AH and the Prophet mentioned him upon the pulpit in regards to Dajjal.
Lived in Madinah until the death of Uthmaan after which time he moved to Greater Syria
where he died in Palestine in 40 AH. Was known for being a devout worshipper and fluent
reciter of the Quran. Narrated about 18 hadeeth in various books of Hadeeth.
) '--- ;-- ---- Q- ( and those too who have knowledge of the Scripture. {13:43}
Qatadah states that this ayah includes Salmaan al-Farisi, ibn Salaam and Tamim ad-Daari.
o Tamim ad-Daari was on a boat. It crashed and he floated on pieces to the shore.
When he got to the shore, they found this creature on the shore called al-Jassassah. It
asked them some questions and it took them to a cave where a big man was chained
to the wall. The man asked if the prophet of the arabs had come, they replied yes and
he said then my time will soon come.

We need to look at the root of the word because how can we give Naseeha (i.e. advice) to Allah.
Hence, the roots of the word make a big difference on the meaning.

Two roots:
1. To clean, purify or improve something (Honey)
2. To join something together that is scattered or separated (sewing garment) This is
what tawheed is.

Shari definition (according to Lanes Lexicon): Direction to that which is for the good of the
person who is the object, by words or counsel, or sincere or honest conduct, or benevolence
desire for what is good for the person who is the subject.

How does a person give Naseeha to Allah? It needs to be understood as sincerity. You need to
have a pure intention and you need to worship Allah as a unified Lord (i.e. Only One). When you
do this, youre doing it seeking the good from Allah.

To Allah - Vernacular definition of naseeha, i.e. advice, doesnt work in light of hadeeth
on naseeha to Allah swt, as we cant give advice to Allah. How do we understand giving
naseeha to Allah swt? Looking at the second definition what is done with the pieces of a
garment? Theyre being unified. Such is the case with tawheed, unifying worship to
Allah swt, and purifying yourself for the worship of Allah swt with no benefit to Allah
only to us.
To the Book - How do you give naseeha to the Book of Allah?
Believing in all of it. Don not be from amongst those who are able to recite the
Quran beautifully but it does not get past their throats, i.e. doesnt enter their
Unifying our belief and understanding of it dont just read the two surahs you
read every time you pray.
Read it as it should be read.
Purify yourself before touching and reciting it.
Calling others to it.
Defend it.
Calling people to respect it.
Prevent if from distortion.
To the Messenger of Allah
Believing what he told us - The Messenger of Allah did not speak his own opinion
(in regards to religion) he was obedient to Allah. [anNajm: 3-4]
Following his sunnah.
Loving him, defending his honor, defending his family.
Beneficial Lessons
This Hadeeth cuts off all the routes to cheating and deception, since the Muslim is required
to always advise another Muslim as to that which is better for him.
o Abu Bakr did not excel or surpass the other Companions because of his fasting or
prayer but because of something in his heart. This is because of his sincerity for Allah
and his sincere love and good for everybody.
o Abu Bakr sincerely loved what was good for the Ummah. The most beloved people
to Allah swt are those who cause others to love Allah swt-Abu Darda.
o Insert Hadeeth and Story about Man buying a horse for 300 dirhams. Jareer looks at
the horse and says your horse is worth more than that, until they reached 800
dirhams. When they asked him, Why he did that it was because he promised the
Prophet he would always give sincere advice to every Muslim.
o Fudayl ibn Iyaad a believer conceals the sins of others and his own sins and advises,
whereas the corrupt person expose their sins and disgraces the person.
o Ibn Mubarak (scholar of hadeeth) was asked whats the best thing we can do. He
replied: best advise you can give is the best thing you can do.

Among the greatest forms of advising is commanding the good and forbidding the evil.
o They asked a scholar, whats the best act we can do and he replied, to give advice for
the sake of Allah.
Important to understand the difference between shaming someone and advising them:
intention, remembering their good, being specific about the shortcoming, advising in private
if at all possible, not to create a bigger evil from your advice.
Must have knowledge regarding that which you advise.
We should always accept advice and cut off pride.

When giving advice:
1. Its important to know that theres a big difference between shaming someone and
advising them.
2. Do it nicely. Surround the meat with 2 pieces of bread. The meat is the advice and the 2
pieces of bread are some nice compliments.
3. You must have knowledge of that on which you advice
4. Lastly, you should accept the advice and not be proud. Its important!


,| ,= -| _- -,- _- = _= = ,,=_ .| ,- _- = _=_ - , - ,, | | .| = - |
, - . , . | , , . :=| , ,, . = ,, = _ = - .| . = v, -|, v .| = , = , _ - |
_ | - = _ - , , , . - . ; : =, ` - v, , , | , -| , - . _` - , = - c |. ,,
,.- _,| _
Abdullah bin Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: "I have been ordered to
fight against people until they testify that there is nothing worthy of worship except Allah and
that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and until they perform the prayers and pay the
zakat, and if they do so they will have gained protection from me for their lives and property,
unless [they do acts that are punishable] in accordance with Islam, and their reckoning will be
with Allah the Almighty."
[Bukhari and Muslim]

Sub-Narrator: Shu'bah ibnul Hajjaj

Lived from 80-160 AH
He was a freed slave; Master of Hadeeth from among the people of Basrah, among the
students of al-Hasan al-Basri; met Anas ibn Maalik; had no peer in Hadeeth in his era;
narrated a large number of Hadeeth.
o Many scholars of the past were slaves.
Hasan Al-Basri his parents were Persian slaves, Saeed ibn Jubayr, Mujahid etc.
o Dawah point Whats the deal with slavery in Islam Western mindset of slavery is:
packing Africans into boats like animals, dying on the way to the New World, being
thrown overboard and when they got there the inhumane treatment continued. The
life expectancy upon beginning slavery was 5-10 years. The separation of families, the
humiliation, and so on. Example of Islamic slavery Abi Dharr dressed well and his
slave would be wearing the same thing. He was asked about it to which he said,
Indeed one time I criticized a man (Bilal ibn Rabah) by insulting his mother and
when the Prophet heard that he said you still have some jahiliyya in you. Upon
hearing this he went back to Bilal and laid his face on the floor for him to step on.
Bilal said no he would never do that to him. After that he would never treat a person
bad. He heard the Prophet said that indeed your slaves are your brothers. So dress
them as you dress, feed them with what you eat, and so on. Now is this closer to
slavery or employment? Also Abi Dharr is not a regular person he was one of the

o Shubah divided his days into 3 He would spend 8 hours with deen, 8 hours tending
to his mistress and the rest tending to his own daily affairs. Eventually, his mistress
realized how smart he was and how much he could do so he was freed.
Among those that narrated from him: Ayub as-Sukhtiani (his teacher), al-Thawri, ibnal-
Mubarak and Wakee.
Sufyan al-Thawri called him the Leader of the Believers in the field of Hadeeth.
Imam al-Shaafiee said, Were it not for him, hadeeth would not be known in Iraq.
I never saw anyone more gentle with the needy than Shubah.
He once saw one of his students wearing a new shirt and asked him how much he had paid
for it. The man replied, 8 dirhams. He said, Maybe you could have bought one for 4
dirhams and spent 4 in charity?
o Think about this. Could we spend a little less on what we buy and spend the rest on
charity? Reducing in your expenditures increases in the amount you can spend in
sadaqah e.g. an extra dollar to the masjid every week. Side note if you dont have
anything to give say you have nothing but at least smile, but if you have something
and dont want to give, at least give something. Hadeeth of the Prophet on a man
giving sadaqah one night randomly. It turns out it was given to a thief, next night
ends up to a prostitute, and on the third it turns out given to a rich man after some
reflection the wisdom in this the thief may stop stealing as he does not need to steal
to acquire money, the prostitute gives up her way of life and the rich man notices he
is wealthy and doesnt give sadaqah and so he starts giving. Dont look down upon
people if they are needy, dont be of the people that neglect them, put them down,
o Ayesha (RA) used to polish the coins that she was going to give sadaqah. She said that
I am putting them in the hands of Allah (SWT)
Shubah was known for his simplicity, his frequent praying, his generosity, and his frequent
fasting once again, a great link between knowledge and action that we should reflect

Ordered to Fight Against the People
Implicit command from Allah I have been ordered
o Disclaimer: Some of the hadeeth were discussing were learning of the obligations
we have personally and obligations of Muslim states/society that has a khalifa (ruler),
people, army, etc. This is only for the leader.
Majority of scholars state that the people is a reference to the Mushrikeen (idolaters), due
to the verified practice of peace agreements and jizyah as performed by the Prophet (saw)
o There is another variation of this Hadeeth in Sunan An-Nasai Where the Prophet
said he was ordered to fight the mushrikeen/idol worshippers/polytheists.
o We also have to take historical precedence into account. If the prophet was only
ordered to fight the polytheists, how did he make peace treaties? How did he not
fight at times? We can see examples in Treaty of Hudaybiyah, how he dealt with the
ruler of Abyssinia etc. Umar made a peace treaty with the Christians of Jerusalem.
o This shows us that one of the options the Caliph has is to fight the people. However,
its not the only option. In Makkah, the Prophet was patient and he didnt fight.

Supported furthermore by the fact that this Hadeeth represents a general statement, not a
specific one.
o This is a general hadeeth so one of the options the sultan or khalifa has is to fight the
people. Why is the Quran so graphic e.g. cut off their heads and finger [tips]?
Why the specificity? They were detail-oriented people. In Makkah they had to
persevere so being told to fight they would have to know to what extent. For a long
time they were told no you cant fight so finally when told they have to know the
details i.e. fight to protect, fight with what, where we draw the line, etc.
It goes against there is no compulsion in religion {2:256}
If we leave the hadeeth as it stands without sub-commentary
o The goal of fighting is to make sure people have the right to hear about Islam. Its not
to fight people to make them Muslim.
o Historically several nations did not allow their people to discuss, teach or spread
Islam. There was religious oppression.
o Hence, the Muslim state was allowed to fight as an option. They fought for these
rights. This is also why when they had these rights, they signed peace treaties with
non-Muslims and mushrikeen.

A Question
Is it wrong for the Prophet (saw) to have fought to spread the domain of Islam (not to
spread Islam) since it is the best way of life for mankind?
o People who say Muslims are wrong for trying to spread their governance are
hypocrites! This is exactly whats happening today. This is what Greeks and Romans
did. They didnt say, AlHamdulillah, were happy with our lands. They went and
conquered because they believed they had the best form of living. The Chinese did it,
the Indians did it, and today the Western powers are doing it (i.e. spread democracy
& freedom).
o Taking into account the above, whats really wrong with the Muslims doing it?

Would it then be wrong for democratic nations to fight wars to spread democracy since they
believe in earnest that it is the best way of life for mankind?

Note on Jizyah
For the longest time, it was only 1 dirham! Later, it was raised to 4 dirhams. This is at
a time when the lower class was earning 10-20,000 dirhams.
Back then, there was almost no incentive to become Muslim. If anything, it would be
easier to stay non-Muslim living under Muslim rule or even under non-Muslim rule.
Financially speaking, you dont have to pay zakah which is almost guaranteed to be a
larger amount. Additionally, as a dhimmi, you dont have to fight. The Muslims fight
to protect you. This was a minimal tax for protection.
When an army was needed to fight the Romans in the battle of Yarmuk, Abu
Ubaidah the leader of the Muslim Army had to withdraw forces from the conquered
lands of Shaam so that they would be able to fight the Byzantines as one huge,
unified army. They returned the money given to them by the dhimmi Ahl al-Kitaab as
they could no longer physically protect them. Surprisingly, the Christian dhimmis
would pray to God for the Muslims to be victorious against the Roman Christians.
Had the Romans been given the same chance they would have kept the money. One
of the scholars wrote a book in which he said When it comes to our dawah
sometimes were very meek like help me, dont be like that be on the offensive. .
Beneficial Lessons
People are to be judged by their outward actions and appearances. There is no validity to
seeking out their intentions and secrets. Their intentions are none of our business.
o If person outwardly become muslim, we cannott say that his/her intentions are
not good

Life and property are two necessities that Islam protects.
This hadeeth has particular importance in times of Fitnah, for whoever declares the
shahadatayn, prays our prayer and pays the zakaah then we cannot say otherwise without
clear evidence.
Except by the right of Islam crimes that may call for capital punishment and the like.

,| -- _- = _=_ = , >| =,- , _| - ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ .-r
,,, , , | - , =| c | , , - = = - - - , - - , , - | - , , - - - , , , -
, , , , | _ - , , : - , , . - ,.- _,| _

On the authority of Abu Huraira AbdurRahmaan ibnu Sakhr, who said: I heard the Messenger
of Allah (saas) say: "What I have forbidden to you, avoid; what I have ordered you to do, do as
much of it as you can. It was only their excessive questioning and their disagreeing with their
prophets that destroyed those who came before you." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Narrator: Abu Hurairah
o [d. 57 AH] Born in Yemen as an orphan with only a mother. Accepted Islam early
but didnt join the Prophet (saw) until 7 AH; spent three years with the Prophet
(saas) in close company, persistent in taking Hadeeth from him.
o I divided my nights into three parts: in one third I would pray, in another sleep,
and in the last third I would review the Hadeeth of the Prophet (saw).
He made the effort to learn the hadeeth
o I said: Messenger of Allah, truly I hear from you many ahadeeth which I forget.
The Prophet (saw) said: Spread your cloak. I spread my cloak and the Prophet
made a scooping gesture with his hands, then said: Wear it. I wore it, and I
never forgot a thing thereafter. (Bukhari)
This happened to him because he made the effort.
o Narrated 5374 Hadeeth, large number Agreed Upon.
Ibn Umar narrated about 2600 and Ayesha RA narrated 2200

Abu Hurairah and Hadeeth

Lo! The people are saying: Abu Hurairah narrates too much. If it were not for two
verses in the book of Allah I would not narrate a single hadeeth. (Those who hide the
proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after We had made it clear in the Scripture:
such are cursed by Allah and cursed by those who have the power to curse. Except such
of them as repent and amend and make manifest the truth. Toward these I relent. I am
the Relenting, the Merciful.) (2:159-160) Truly, our brethren among the Muhajireen were
busy with business transactions; and truly, our brethren among the Ansaar were busy
working their lands; and truly, Abu Hurairah all this time kept company with the Prophet
provided he had quelled his hunger, attending what they did not attend and memorizing
what they did not memorize. (Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad)
He was one of the ahlas suffahe ate whoever provided them food they stayed there to
learn from Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

Beneficial Lessons
Points to the mercy of the Shariah in that it orders a person to only do what they are
capable of doing
o He starts with forbidding, which you are not allowed to do and you cant do it
until in absolute necessity
o Obligatory to stand up for the prayer.
o Morning Dhikr is strong recommendation by Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Subhanallahi walhamdulilah-100
Laillaha illallahu wahdahu---100/10
Do as much as you can
Types of questions that led to destruction of Societies:
1. That which has no benefit and no need for it
2. That which is asked in ridicule or jest
a. Characteristic of hypocrites
3. Too many hypothetical questions
4. About that which Allah has kept hidden (Qadr, Hour)
The type of question which is praiseworthy is that which results in a good deed and
benefits the person
It is not enough to not do the forbidden, but to stay away from it and from that which
leads to it.
o You block every pathway to something wrong
Hadeeth in ibn Majah Aishah said: May Allah have Mercy upon the women of Ansar,
their modesty did not prevent them from asking questions.

,| -- _- = _=_ , _| - ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ ,| , , v ` .`, | -| . ,
, _ - | - | -| . , ,`, | v , , _ = | - , - | , | = , - = ,`,=| - , =| ,, | ,
` ,, - ., - , _` , , , | , , | _ _ - = ,`, | - , , - , =| ,, | , , . , = , -| . , .|
; | , ; = - ` ; - - . , - ` ; - - , = - ` ; - - - = - `= _ , `= _ , .| _ | , - , = , = , , - | . - = |
c | = | = . , _ | ,.- _

On the authority of Abu Huraira, who said: the Messenger of Allah (saas) said: "Allah the
Almighty is pure and accepts only that which is pure. And indeed Allah has commanded the
believers with that which He commanded the Messengers, and He has said: "O My
Messengers! Eat of the good and pure things and do righteous deeds". And Allah the Almighty
has said: "O you who believe! Eat of the good and pure things which We have provided you".
Then he mentioned the case of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty and
who spreads out his hands to the sky [saying]: "O Lord! O Lord!" - while his food is unlawful,
his drink unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully, so how can he be
answered?" (Muslim)

The Companions on Abu Hurairah

The number of those who narrated from him reached 800 including both Companions
and Successors.
At the burial of Abu Hurairah, ibn Umar said: He preserved the ahadeeth of the Prophet
for the Muslims and O Abu Hurairah! You were the most devoted of us in
accompanying the Messenger of Allah, and the most knowledgeable of us all in his
hadeeth. (H Tirmithi)
Abu Ayyub al-Ansari said: Abu Hurairah heard what we did not hear.
Abu Hurairah led the funeral prayers over Aisha and Hafsa.
Beneficial Lessons
Establishes one of Allahs names at-Tayyib Pure; He who is far removed from
deficiency and defect
Allah only accepts from the actions, statements, wealth, that which is pure and free from
How to achieve purity in word and deed? To make it sincere for Allah, in accordance with
the Sunnah and to eat from halal sources avoiding haram sources.
Eating halal is strongly emphasized as it helps the Muslim to perform righteous deeds, to
have his dua accepted and to be pure before Allah and vice versa.

Means Behind Accepted & Rejected Du'a

A - The dua of the traveler upon a long journey.
A - The dua of the disheveled and dusty person.
o The story of Imam Malik disciplining a young boy who demanded that the Imam
teach him hadeeth as compensation.
o The story of Jurayj a very righteous worshipper, who was performing voluntary
acts of worship and when his mother called him he didnt reply so his mother
made dua against him and he went through a big fitnah.
A - The dua of the one who raises his hands in accordance with the Sunnah (not during
Jumuah, etc.)
o One of the sahabah saw someone on the day of jumuah raising his hand making
dua he stopped him and told that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) never did that.
A To repeat certain portions of the dua w/ humility.
All these things are source of acceptance of dua but dua is rejected because of following

R The one who eats haram food
R The one who drinks haram drinks
R The one who is sustained by haram earnings


| _| , _- , .- == _| - = _=_ --_ ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ =,= .|
,| ,- ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ - .=-
c ,, , v - _ , c ,, , - g .
=-| ,| _.| =-| _ _,= .- .,=-

On the authority of Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan bin Ali ibn Abu Talib, the grandson of the
Messenger of Allah (saas) and his beloved, who said : I memorized from the Messenger of
Allah (saas) his saying : "Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you
doubt." (Tirmithi & Nasa'ee; Tirmithi classed it as hasan)

Narrator: Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib
o [d. 50 AH] Grandson of the Prophet through his daughter Fatima. Born 3 AH, 1 yr
older than al-Hussain.
o Became Caliph after the death of Ali but abdicated to Muawiyyah only 6-7 months
later in 41 AH. He thus fulfilled the prophecy of the Prophet (saw) that he would bring
peace to two great groups of the Muslims.
o He and his brother will be the masters of the Youth on the Day of Judgment as stated
by the Prophet (saw)
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) used to recite for hasan and hussain I seek refuge to
Allah (SWT) over you from every shaitan, every harmful creature and every evil eye

Beneficial Lessons
This hadeeth represents a great, yet forgotten, principle of cautious avoidance (wara) in
From the benefits of wara:
Zuhd (astism) and warazuhd is to neglect everything that has no benefit in the
Hereafter, wara means avoiding everything that you fear might harm you in the
If you keep running a yellow light eventually you will run a red light.
1. It protects your honor and your religion (Hud:6)
2. It is among the best aspects of the deen: ) ;- ;--- ,-= ( ;'=- -
3. It is a means of strength in worship Have wara and you will be among the best of
those who worship Allah (S- IM)
4. Sunnah of RasulAllah (saw) exemplified by the incident of him finding a date in the
street. He didnt pick it up fearing that it might be from charity Agreed]. This is an
example of Waraa.
5. It is a source of salvation from the oppression of doubt.
a. Hasan al-Basri Taqwa will remain in the hearts of the people who have
taqwa as long as they leave off much of the permissible for fear that it might
be impermissible.
b. Umar bin khattab would avoid 90% of the actions that appear permissible
for fear that they might lead to something haraam.
c. Abdullah ibn Mubarak If you really think about this hadeeth this is the
summary of how to deal with confusing matters. For me to leave one piece of
money of haram is more beloved to me than giving a 1000 in sadaqah.
d. Allah (SWT) has given us boundaries and we have to stay within them.

,| -- _- = _=_ , _| - ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ ,|
,, -, - , v - - ' ;: =, . - - ,,
= _- =-| _ .- .,=-
On the authority of Abu Huraira, who said: The Messenger of Allah (saas) said: "Part of
someone's being a good Muslim is his leaving alone that which does not concern him."
(Tirmithi and others; Hasan)

Beneficial Lessons

The religion of Islam is full of merits, this being one.
From the merits of Islam is that one should not busy himself to even the smallest degree
with that which will not benefit him in his deen nor in his Hereafter.
The more a person wastes his time with that which does not concern him is a sign of
fault in his deen.
Some examples of that which does not concern: vain speech, excessive questioning into
peoples lives, excessive time in games and news, television, internet if not controlled,
blog comments/arguments, activities of killing time, some stories and magazines.
o Some of us watch the news 3 hours and spend 3 hours discussing it but we dont
read the Quran and we do not lengthen our prayers.
o Imam Ghazali you should know that which is in front of you and you are
accountable for every single word you say. Money that you can invest for the
hereafter is your breath so how do you want to use the time. And your tongue is
the weapon that you can use to capture Hur al-Ayn in the Jannah.
We have so limited commodity in this world why waste it in wasteful
o Hasan al-basri From the signs that Allah (SWT) hates a person is to make him
busy with that which doesnt concern him.
o Malik ibn Deenar If you find that your heart is hard and your body is weak and
there is deficiency in your provision then you must be involved with the thing that
doesnt concern you.
o Imam shafi 3 things that increase intellect -
1. Sitting with scholars.
2. Sitting with righteous people.
3. Leaving off speech that doesnt concern one.
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said that choose your company wisely.
o He (SAW) also said that a person is upon the ways of his friend.
o Whoever wishes that Allah (SWT) illuminates light upon him should leave that
which doesnt concern him.

,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ ;.- -- _- = _=_ c|- , | > _| -
,| ,= -| -,- = _= _| -
- . | . , - -, - v . , _ - , =- | - , v .
,.- _,| _

On the authority of Abu Hamza Anas ibn Maalik, the servant of the Messenger of Allah
that the Prophet (saw) said: "None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother
what he loves for himself."
(Bukhari and Muslim)

Narrator: Anas ibn Maalik

o Born 10 BH, was brought by his mother after the Hijrah to serve the Prophet (saw)
which he did till his death (saw).
His mother did that so he can learn everything about Prophet Muhammad
(SAW) must have been a very tough decision for his mother but it was a
very intelligent one.
o The Prophet (saw) prayed for him that Allah bless him with wealth, long life, many
children and enter him into Jannah. Had ~ 120 children; died after reaching 100
years of age.
o Narrated about 2200 hadeeth. Died in Basra 93 AH.
He is after Ayesha RA in the list of those who narrated most ahadeeth.

Beneficial Lessons

From the signs of complete faith is to love for your brother what you love for yourself
and vice versa.
o A Companion of the Prophet had an problem with mice. Yet, he would not poison
the mouse for fear that it will run to his neighbors house. The Sahaba used to
think so deeply.
Encouragement for humility. You wont like to be in a better condition than your brother
or sister.
Encouragement to forsake hatred and envy.
o If you love for your brother/sister what you love for yourselves then there is no
place for envy or hatred.
To love for those even that may not love you or wish well for you is an even higher
o Ibn abbas While looking at any ayah I wish that every one know about the
ayah what I know.
o It is short hadeeth in commentary and also short in implementation. It doesnt
take a lot from us to implement this hadeeth.


,| -- _- = _=_ .,-.- , - = -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ ,| , , . - ; - ; . , v
- - | 3 _ | - , = | = _| | , | .| .`,| = : ; = - ,, v ,
,.- _,| _

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "The blood of a
Muslim may not be legally shed except in one of three [instances]: the married person
who commits adultery, a life for a life and one who forsakes his religion and abandons
the community." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Subnarrator: Masrooq ibnul-Ajda'

o [62 AH] Narrated from such Companions as Umar and his son Abdullah, Uthmaan, Ali
ibn Abu Talib, Aisha, Muaath ibn Jabal, Ubay ibn Kab, ibn Masood, etc.
Lived among Sahabah and very early Tabieen.
o Those that narrated from him include al-Shabi, Ibrahim al-Nakhaee, Abdullah ibn
Murra, Abu Is-haq
o Al-Shabi said, I never saw anyone seek knowledge as persistently as Masrooq.
Also, When he made Hajj, I never saw him sleep except in sajdah till his return.
o Ibnul-Madeeni said, I dont believe anyone from among those who were led by Abu
Bakr in prayer precedes Masrooq.

Disclaimer: every single one of these punishments is carried out by the leader of the Islamic
state and are subject to his opinion.
That I give verdicts of justice and truth one day is more beloved to me than one year in
o Best jihad is to stand up speaking the truth. Command the good and forbid the
o If you cant get to the leader make dua for them, make dua for their guidance.
Fought in al-Qaadisiyah and against the Khawaarij with Ali ibn Abu Talib.
It is enough as evidence of a persons knowledge that he has humility before Allah and
it is enough as evidence of his ignorance that he is proud of himself.
o If you know Allah (SWT), it make you more humble towards him.
o Aburrahman ibn Awf we had only one kafn to cover hamza and how good he
was and Musab bin Umair. We would cover his head and his feet would be
uncovered. We buried him like that and he was so good. They were better than
me and they were so poor but you are offering me cold water. May be Allah
(SWT) is giving me the reward for all my good deeds in this world.
The person should have certain times of solitude wherein he reflects upon his sins and
asks forgiveness.
o We live in era where there is no silent moment

The Adulterer who has known Marriage

In Sahih Muslim it is narrated that when Maaiz came to the Messenger of Allah (saw)
and said, Purify me, he said, Woe to you! Go back and pray to Allah for forgiveness
and repent to Him.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said:
It may be understood from this case the case of Maaiz when he confessed to having
committed zina that it is preferred for the one who falls into a similar sin to repent to
Allah and conceal his sin and not mention it to anyone, as Abu Bakr and Umar said to
Maaiz. Whoever discovers anything of that nature should conceal it according to what
we have mentioned; he should not expose it or refer the matter to the ruler, as the
Prophet (saw) said in this story: If you had concealed it with your garment it would have
been better for you. Hence al-Shafiee said: If a person commits a sin and Allah
conceals it for him, I prefer for him to conceal it too and to repent, and he quoted as
evidence the story of Maaiz with Abu Bakr and Umar. (Fath al-Bari)
o He keep going back because he wasnt sure if his repentance has been accepted
or not.
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) asking him questions to find excuses for him.

To Take a Life Forbidden by Allah
And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide therein, and
the Wrath and the Curse of Allah are upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for

From the 7 deeds that wipe out all good deeds al-Mubiqaat (Agreed upon)
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said avoid the 7 destroyer of all good deeds
1. Shirk
2. Sorcery
3. Taking a life that is forbidden by Allah (SWT)
4. Devouring the property of an orphan
5. Consuming Riba
6. Run away from battle
7. Wrongly accusing chaste, believing women of committing zina.
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, The killing of a believer is greater in the site of
Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala, than if the entire world would be destroyed.

The One who Forsakes His Religion And Abandons His Community
It is a matter reserved for the ruler who may delay it in hopes of that persons repentance or act
upon it if that person sought to harm the muslims after his apostasy treason essentially. This is
the opinion of Umar, an-Nakhiee, At thawri)
- Ibn hazm and Abdur Razzaq narrated Anas came to Umar RA while he was khalifa
and Umar inquired from him; what happened to the six people who left Islam and joined
the army of mushrikeen and were killed in the battle. Anas said: werent they going to
die anyway. Umar said I would at least have tried to make them come to Islam and had
that not happened I would have put them in jail.
- Shaykh al-islam inbn taymiyyah we would delay the punishment for those whom we
hoped for return to Islam.
Not a reference to simply the one who abandons Islam as can be proven from the
Seerah of the Prophet (saw) that he did not execute those who simply wished to leave
Islam to live out in exile, but only those who sought to harm the Muslims after their
Apostasy - Etymology: Middle English apostasie, from Late Latin apostasia, from Greek,
literally, revolt, from aphistasthai. In a technical sense, as used sometimes by
sociologists, the term refers to renunciation and criticism of, or opposition to, one's
former religion.

Beneficial Lessons
What is the benefit of capital punishment here?
o Every one of these punishments is subject to the ruler. He may either initiate the
punishment or delay/prolong for a reason he may have.

,| ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ .| -- _- = _=_ , _| -
_ - ; , -v ; , , | -| , - , . - . = , | | , - , -v ; , , | -| , - , . -
- , . - - , = ; , -v ; , , | -| , ,.- _,| _

Abu Huraira narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "Let him who believes in
Allah and the Last Day either speak good or remain silent, and let him who believes in
Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbor, and let him who believes in Allah
and the Last Day be gracious to his guest." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Beneficial Lessons

Importance of Guarding the Tongue:
o May Allah (SWT) have Mercy on him who says something good and get the good
reward for it. Or he stays quiet and is protected from evil.
o Umar ibn Abdul Azeez Whoever counts his words as he speaks will not speak a lot.
o Its not just enough to say we believe, but we also must learn to guard our tongue.
Either we say something good, or we stay quiet. We will recognize people of
knowledge by this virtue. The people of knowledge are generally very quiet.

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said that Jibreel came to teach me the rights of my neighbors
until I felt that he would tell me to make them part of my inheritance.
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said that there are three aspects of happiness good neighbor,
spacious home and ..
A man said to the Prophet (SAW) that his neighbor, a woman, prays a lot and fasts a lot but
she harms her neighbors with her tongue. The Prophet (SAW) immediately said that she is in
Hellfire. [Ahmad]
The three types of neighbors are
1. Close Muslim neighbor has the right of Islam, being close and of being a neighbor
2. Distant Muslim neighbor has the right of Islam and of being a neighbor
3. Non-Muslim neighbor has the right of being a neighbor and of being close if that be
the case
The right of the guest: The ulema have differences of opinion.
o You have to be good to your neighbor, for one day and one night. This is fard kifaayah.
o We ask with the intention of hosting even if they stay somewhere we received the
reward of wanting to host.

_| , | : - _ .| -- _- = _=_ , _| - - = -| -,- = _= , - _ =| . , | ,, v
. = - ,, , | . _ - .. ,, . = - v ,, _,| _

On the authority of Abu Huraira, who said, A man said to the Prophet (saw): "Advise
me". He said: "Do not become angry". The man repeated his request several times,
and he replied each time: "Do not become angry". (Bukhari)

This hadeeth shows something really interesting about Imam Nawawi He has experience with
people. All these things that were learning, theyre things that he was doing. Over time, he
learned that this was a big problem. He went out to speak/advise people. He did not lock
himself in a room and do nothing about it.

Beneficial Lessons
Means of Quelling Anger:
1. Saying Authu billahi min ash-Shaytaan ar-Rajeem
2. Changing your position if you are standing, then sit down. If you are sitting, then lie
3. Making Wudu (since Shaytaan is from Fire)
a. Abu Dawood collected Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said that anger comes from
shaitan and shaitan comes from fire and water puts off the fire.
b. In psychology it is taught take a time-out.
4. Be quiet/avoid speaking at that moment.
a. Imam Ahmad collected Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said teach one another and
give glad tidings to one another and if you become angry then be quiet, and if you
become angry then be quiet, and if you become angry then be quiet.
b. If you get angry and say something, remember you cannot take it back.
5. Remember that quelling rage results in Jannah (S -Albani)
a. Whoever controls his rage when he is capable of acting upon it (you insult the other
person by acting upon your anger) Allah (SWT) will let him pick any of the Hoor al-
Ayn on the Day of Judgment.
b. This is a reward that is specific for men, largely because they have the authority over
women. Men are most likely the ones to get angry and act upon it. Men are usually
the ones who get into fights in the street.
,| ,= -| -,- = _= = ,,=_ - -- _- = _=_ | , .== _-, _| - . -| . ,
_ = _ - . . - , _ , - = , = - | = , | _ ,=| , . - | , , . . , - | , . - | , | . ,
- , , . ,.- _

Abu Yaala Shaddad ibn Aws said that the Messenger of Allah (saas) said: "Verily Allah
has prescribed proficiency in all things. Thus, if you execute, execute well; and if you
slaughter, slaughter well. Let each one of you sharpen his blade and let him spare
suffering to the animal he slaughters." (Muslim)

First half part is for the leaders of Islamic state to implement and the rest most of us can apply.

Narrator: Shaddaad ibn Aws
o Companion of the Prophet (saas) known for being among the scholars of the
Companions and the honored; narrated about 50 hadeeth with 3 in the Sahihs.
A female student of his said about Shafi that he would be so good in
making wudu (to make it perfect). Even for such a small act he was very
o Shaddaad was known for his gentleness and his ability to control his anger.
Considered among the zuhaad of the Companions as well in worship.
Part of our anger is due to that we think some injustice has happened to
us. Some of the think that is our opponent is not getting angry it is
because he deserves to be humiliated.
Rather, that person is being gentle to us in hope that we will be gentle
with him.
o Left Madinah after the assasination of Uthmaan and went to al-Shaam to escape
the Fitnah. Died in Jerusalem in 58 AH at the age of 75.

Beneficial Lessons
Allah has commanded excellence in the Quran.
It is part of this noble religion to show kindness and mercy even to the animal before it is
From the greatest forms of excellence is that which is done to those who act with evil
towards you.
o We are commanded to be good to animals so how good should we be towards
There are many benefits of excellence as mentioned in the Quran:
1. Allah will reward them with excellence,
2. They will have goodness in this life.
3. The Mercy of Allah is close to them.
4. They will Jannah.
5. They are given glad tidings.
6. Allah Loves them and is with them.
7. Allah will not cause their reward to be lost.
o For those who perform good in this life will get the reward in this world as well
o Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was asked by a Sahabi, When I slaughter a sheep
am gentle with it. Will I have Mercy of Allah Subhanahu waTa'aala for that. He
(SAW) said, Yes.