):rv)c:¯ ¬¯:¬ ):rv)c:¯ ¬¯:¬ ):rv)c:¯ ¬¯:¬ ):rv)c:¯ ¬¯:¬

Declaration of our Salvation

And it shall be when your children shall say to you, “What is this service to you?” And you
shall say to them, “It is the sacrifice of the Passover of ¬)¬: who passed over the houses of
the children of Israel in Egypt, in smiting Egypt, but our houses He delivered.”

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1. Passover commemorates the deliverance of the Children of Israel from four hundred thirty
years of bondage in Egypt. The Passover is one of the “seasons of YAHWEH
” as set forth in
the 23
chapter of Leviticus. As YAHWEH commanded, we observe Passover during the month
Abib, the first month of the year
. The term Passover, as used in the Hebrew Scriptures, refers

a. The 14
day of the first month
, the date on which the lambs were sacrificed;

b. The lamb that was sacrificed
whose blood was smeared on the door posts of the
houses of the Children of Israel and those Egyptians who feared YAHWEH; and

c. The event
in which YAHWEH passed over (spared) the houses of the Children of
Israel when he smote the first born of Egypt;

Over the course of time, the term Passover has come to also include the Feast of Unleavened
Bread, the 15
through the 21
days of the first month, as unleavened bread is an integral part of
the Exodus from Egypt.

2. The account of the Exodus from Egypt is rehearsed by those known as Hebrews, Israelites
and Jews
throughout the world. Traditionally, the account of Passover is told during a service
called the Seder
using a Haggadah
, the book that serves as the guide, script, and liturgy of the
Passover Seder. Regrettably, the Rabbinical Jewish Seder includes elements that are in conflict
with or inconsistent with the Hebrew Scriptures and YAHWEH’s instructions concerning
Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Most noticeably, the Seder plate includes a roasted
egg, which has no basis in the Hebrew Scriptures or Good News
and is suspiciously reminiscent
of an Easter egg. Traditions are not necessarily in conflict with the word or will of God. Some
traditions, while not commandments of God, have value and are beneficial. This Messianic
Hebraic Haggadah is a genuine effort to rehearse the account of the Passover free of those
traditions of men, which are in conflict with or inconsistent with YAHWEH’s instructions
concerning His appointed season. Furthermore, this Haggadah points out the Messianic
revelations imbedded in the accounts and rites of the Passover and how those prophecies are
fulfilled by Yahushua Ha Mashiach

YAHWEH (literally “He Who Exists”) is the Supreme Authority’s, i.e. God’s name forever - Exodus 3:14,
In Exodus 12:2, YAHWEH established Abib as the first month of the year vs. the seventh month called Tishri on
the Rabbinical Calendar. Abib is the only month named in the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures. All other
months are numbered. Abib corresponds to March/April on the Gregorian calendar.
Leviticus 23:5
Exodus 12:21, 2
Chronicles 35:6
Exodus 12:13
Differences in terminology reflect ethnic, cultural, and theological differences
Seder comes from a Hebrew root meaning order
Haggadah comes from a Hebrew root meaning to tell or to declare
Isaiah 52:7 (a.k.a. the New Testament, Renewed Covenant or B’rit Ha Khadashah in Hebrew)
Yahushua means YAHWEH Saves or YAHWEH is Salvation. Yahushua vs. Yeshua or Jesus is the name given
by Yosef and Miriam to her firstborn son in strict compliance with the instructions given them by the messenger
Gabriel. Ha Mashiach means “The Anointed” Christos in Greek
Order of Service



Scriptural Reference



Sounding of the Shofar
Numbers 10:1 – 7,
Psalms 81:3 - 4



The Sh’ma (Hear O’ Israel)

Deuteronomy 6:4



Passover Blessings
Leviticus 23:4 – 14,
John 4:1 -14 & 6:35



When Your Children Shall Ask

Exodus 12:26 - 27

6 - 7


God’s Covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
Genesis 15:1 -15, 26:1 – 5
and 28:10 - 22



The Rehearsal of the Exodus from Egypt
Exodus Chapter 1 through
Chapter 15:20

7 - 16


The Song of Moses (Abbreviated)

Exodus 15:1 - 21



A Shadow of Things to Come

Leviticus 23:4 - 14



Yahushua Fulfills the Passover
Deuteronomy 18:15
John, Chapters 13 - 21
Matthew Chapters 26 – 28,
Mark Chapters 14 – 16,
Luke Chapters 22 – 24,
Corinthians 5:7 – 8 and

17 - 19


Summation Psalm

Psalm 105



The Aaronic Blessing

Numbers 6:22 - 27


Parting Hymn
Adon Olam (Sovereign of the Universe)

The Psalms



Communion on Pages 21 - 24

):r)¯¬¯ ¯)¯: ¯D)cz v¯r

Sound the Great Horn for Our Freedom

1. The Seder leader (or one he/she so designates) sounds the shofar to call the assembly
together (Numbers 10:1 - 10, Psalm 81:3 - 4).

Make thee two trumpets of silver; of beaten work shall you make them; and they shall be to you for the calling
of the congregation, and for causing the camps to set forward. And when they shall blow with them, the entire
congregation shall gather themselves unto you at the door of the tent of meeting. And if they blow with only
one, then the princes, the heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee. And when you
blow an alarm, the camps that lie on the east side shall take their journey. And when you blow an alarm the
second time, the camps that lie on the south side shall set forward; they shall blow an alarm for their journeys.
But when the assembly is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm. And the
sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for a statute for ever
throughout your generations. And when ye go to war in your land against the adversary that oppresses you,
then ye shall sound an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God and
you shall be saved from your enemies. Also in the day of your gladness, and in your appointed seasons, and
in your new moons, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your
peace-offerings; and they shall be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.


2. The Sh’ma

Hear O’ Yisrael
YAHWEH is our Supreme Authority
Blessed be His Glorious Reputation
His Kingdom is Forever and Ever

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)::¬¯N ¬)¬:
¯¬N ¬)¬:
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¯v) z¯)v¯ )r)z¯D
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3. Passover Blessings

Blessed are you YAHWEH our Supreme Authority, King of the Universe
The Supreme Authority of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob,
Who has sanctified us by the blood of Yahushua our Messiah
and, in the abundance of Your mercy, has kept us alive
and preserved us, and brought us to this appointed season of YAHWEH.

Blessed are You YAHWEH our Supreme Authority,
Who has given us Living Water to drink that we thirst no more
And the Bread of Life to eat that we not hunger
Blessed are You YAHWEH our Supreme Authority who has planted everlasting life in our

Amen and Amen

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z¯)v¬ ¯¯D )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
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rNŸ−¦¸¬ ¬¸¯Ÿz_v¸¬ ¬¸D

4. When Your Children Shall Ask: A child is selected to ask one of the following questions
regarding the Passover or all of the children ask each question at the same time. Each question is then
answered by the adults:

Child/Children: “What is this service to you?” Exodus 12:26

Adult: “It is the sacrifice of the Passover of YAHWEH who passed over the houses of the
children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote Egypt, but our houses He delivered.” Exodus

“It is because of what YAHWEH did for me when I came forth out of Egypt” Exodus 13:8

Child/Children: What is this? Exodus 13:14

Adult: “By strength of hand YAHWEH brought us forth out from Egypt from the house of
bondage. And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that YAHWEH slew all
the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast;…”
Exodus 13:14 – 15

Child/Children: “What do the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments mean,
which YAHWEH our God has commanded you?” Deuteronomy 6:20

Adult: “We were Pharaoh's bondmen in Egypt; and YAHWEH brought us out of Egypt with
a mighty hand. And YAHWEH showed signs and wonders, great and sore, upon Egypt, upon
Pharaoh, and upon his entire house, before our eyes. And He brought us out from there that
He might bring us in, to give us the land which He swore unto our fathers. And YAHWEH
commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear YAHWEH our God, for our good always, that
He might preserve us alive, as it is at this day. And it shall be righteousness unto us, if we
observe to do this entire commandment before YAHWEH our God, as He hath commanded

¯: ¯|Ÿ¬z

With a Strong Hand (2x)

With a strong hand and an outstretched arm
He brought them out of the land of Egypt
By the hand of Moses and Aaron his brother
He did many wonders
A night to be (much) observed is upon us
The feast of unleavened bread draws nigh
No leaven shall be eaten
Neither shall a morsel be found in our house

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z:¸¯xD ¦¯ND z¸r)N :x)¬
):¬¸N |)¯_¬¸N) ¬cŸD ¯:z
r)z¸¯ r)N¸¯D: ¬¸c¸v
)::¯_v z:¯)Dc ¯¯
z¸¯¯: r)x¸D¸¬ :¸¬
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):r:zz ¯Ÿ¯x Nx¸D: N¯)

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5. YAHWEH’s Covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob

Seder Leader: The account of the deliverance of the Children of Israel from Egypt
begins with the blood covenant that God swore unto Abraham by his name YAHWEH
and confirmed with Isaac and Jacob.

The following passages are read by volunteers or selected members of the assembly.

a. Genesis 15:1 – 15
b. Genesis 22:1 – 24
c. Genesis 26:1 – 5
d. Genesis 28:10 – 22

6. The rehearsal of the Exodus from Egypt

The children of Israel were fertile and prolific, multiplied, and increased very greatly, so that the
land was filled with them. Now a new king arose over Egypt who did not know Joseph. He said
to his people, "The Children of Israel are much too numerous for us. Let us deal wisely with
them otherwise they will further increase so that when our enemies attack us in war they may
join them and get out of the land."

Therefore he set taskmasters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and to build store
cities for Pharaoh, Pithom and Raamses. But the more they were oppressed, the more they
increased. The Egyptians began to dread the Children of Israel, so that they dealt ruthlessly with
the children of Israel. They made their lives bitter with hard labor with bricks and mortar and
work in the fields. The king of Egypt commanded the Hebrew midwives that when they tend to
the Hebrew women giving birth, "If you see that the child is a boy, kill him.” But the midwives
feared God and did not do as the king ordered. Therefore Pharaoh ordered his own people,
"Every male child born of a Hebrew woman must be thrown into the Nile."

Now there was a certain Hebrew woman of the tribe of Levi who gave birth to a boy. She hid
him for three months. When she could no longer hide him she made a basket of reed grasses and
caulked it with bitumen to seal it. She placed the child in it and placed the basket among the
reeds by the river.

Shortly after, (as it was the plan of God) the daughter of Pharaoh came walking along the bank
of the river, she and her maidens, and spied the basket among the reeds. She commanded one of
the slave girls to fetch it. When she uncovered the baby it was crying. As soon as she saw the
child she loved it. Meanwhile the sister of the child stood some distance from the river to observe
what would become of the basket. When she saw that the daughter of Pharaoh embraced the
child, she approached Pharaoh's daughter and said, "Shall I get a wet nurse for you so that she
can nurse the child for you?" Now Pharaoh's daughter realized that the child was a Hebrew.
Therefore, she agreed with the girl and sent her to fetch the wet nurse. The girl immediately went
to her mother to give her the good news. The mother was given back her own son by the mercies
of God.

Pharaoh's daughter said to the woman, "Take this child and nurse it and I will pay you your
wages." The woman gladly took the child and did as she was told. When the child was weaned,
she brought the child back to Pharaoh's daughter who made him her son. Because she took him
out of the water she called him Moses.

When Moses grew up he went out to see his people. He grieved in his heart to see them groaning
under their labors. At this time he saw an Egyptian striking one of his countrymen. He looked
around and saw that the coast was clear; so he struck the Egyptian so that he died. When Pharaoh
heard the news of the killing, he sought to slay Moses. Moses fled to Midian.

The priest of Midian had seven daughters. Their job was to water their fathers flock. As was their
custom, on a certain day, they brought the sheep to be watered, but the shepherds drove them
away. Moses observing this came to their rescue. When the' girls returned home so quickly their
father inquired as to how this was possible. They told their father that an Egyptian rescued them
from the shepherds. Reuel, the Midianite priest invited Moses to eat with them. Moses was
pleased to stay with the man. So Reuel gave Moses one of his daughters for a wife, her name was
Zipporah. She bore Moses a son, Gershom.

Moses began to tend his father-in-law’s sheep. One day he drove the flock into the desert and
came to Horeb, the mountain of God. As he passed by a certain place he spied a bush. It was on

Literally “a stranger there” because Moses said, “'I have been a stranger in a strange land.” Exodus 2:22
fire, but miraculously the bush was not consumed. Moses seeing this approached the bush to get
a better look. Suddenly the voice of God called to him out of the burning bush, "Moses, Moses,
do not come any closer! Remove your sandals from your feet. The ground you are standing on is
holy ground. I am the God of your fathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.” Moreover YAHWEH said
to him, "I have seen the hardships of my people in Egypt and have come down to save them from
the Egyptians; and to bring them to the land of Canaan, a land flowing with milk and honey.
Come now, I will send you to Pharaoh so that you will free my people.”

Upon hearing this Moses was greatly dismayed. Moses replied "When I come to the Children of
Israel and say to them, the God of your fathers has sent me to you to deliver you and they say,
what is his name, what should I tell them?” YAHWEH said, "Tell them Ehyeh Ahsher Ehyeh (I
Shall Be What I Shall Be). Thus shall you say to the Children of Israel, Ehyeh (I Shall Be) has
sent me to you.” And God said furthermore to Moses, “Thus shall you say to the Children of
Israel, YAHWEH
The Supreme Authority of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has sent me to you.
This is my name forever.

Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them,
YAHWEH, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, hath appeared
unto me, saying, I have surely remembered you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt.
And I have said I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanite,
and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, unto a land
flowing with milk and honey.”

Moses expressed his fear of returning to Egypt because Pharaoh had sought his life after he
killed the Egyptian. YAHWEH told Moses that he need not fear because that Pharaoh had died.
YAHWEH assured Moses that He would be with him when he returned to Egypt, after Moses
expressed doubts about speaking to the king of Egypt. YAHWEH showed Moses two miracles--
He made Moses' staff turn into a snake; and changed the color of his hand. Moses believed God.
He returned to his father in-law and asked for leave to return to Egypt to see how his countrymen
were doing. Moses and his wife and their son set out for Egypt. At the site they chose to rest for
the night God revealed to Moses that the child should be circumcised. This custom was appalling
to Zipporah but nevertheless she took a flint stone and circumcised him herself. On the way back
Moses met his brother Aaron concerning whom God had told him would be his spokesperson.

As soon as Moses and Aaron returned to Egypt they went before Pharaoh and declared this
proclamation, "Thus says the God of Israel--Let my people go!" Pharaoh answered and said,
"Who is this God. I do not know him, and I will not let the people go. Moreover I will make the
people work even harder because they are idle saying let us go into the wilderness to worship our
God." So Pharaoh commanded that there be no more straw given to the people to make bricks
and that they must provide their own straw. However, the tally of the bricks previously provided
must not decrease. The children of Israel scattered throughout the land of Egypt to gather straw.
The taskmasters hastened the people with whips and verbal reprimand saying, "Fulfill your

God gives two answers regarding His name in response to Moses’ question. Both answers are derived from the
Hebrew verb “to exist” not to be confused with the English verb “to be.” The first answer, I shall Be What I Shall
Be (not I Am That I Am), is someone cryptic. It incorporates the future tense of the verb “to exist” and is therefore
prophetic. What God “Shall Be” is firstly Israel’s Salvation, which Israel proclaims in song following the Red Sea
crossing, and subsequently mankind’s Salvation. I Shall Be What I Shall Be is never used again in the Hebrew
Scriptures. The second answer, YAHWEH, incorporates the present tense of the verb “to exist” affirming that His
continual existence. YAHWEH was the name known to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and is God’s name forever.
quotas!" The people cried to Pharaoh concerning the lack of straw. But Pharaoh answered them
saying, “You are idle. You are idle therefore you ask to go into the desert to worship.”

As soon as the people came out from before Pharaoh they confronted Moses and Aaron saying,
“YAHWEH look upon you and what you have done. You have made us loathsome to Pharaoh
and his servants. You put a sword in his hand to destroy us!" Moses returned to YAHWEH in
dismay and cried out. "Adonai,

why did you bring harm to this people? Because I came to
Pharaoh and spoke in your name he has done worse to this people than before I came."
YAHWEH answered Moses and said, "You shall soon see what I will do to Pharaoh. He will let
them go because of the might with which I will deal with him. He will drive them out. I will
redeem you with an outstretched arm and great chastisements. I will take you to be my people,
and I will be your God, and you will know that I am YAHWEH who has freed you from the
Egyptians. I will bring you into the land that I swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. I
will give it to you for a possession (forever)." So Moses and Aaron returned to Egypt to confront
Pharaoh in the name of God.


Now the Lord told Moses and Aaron, when Pharaoh commands you saying show a miracle, have
Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and it will become a snake. So Moses and Aaron came
before Pharaoh and did so and the rod became a snake. The magicians of Egypt cast down their
rods also and they became serpents also, but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods. Yet the heart
of Pharaoh was hardened so he would not heed their petition. The Lord said to Moses, "Pharaoh
is hard hearted. He refuses to let the people go. Therefore, go in the morning to meet him. He
will be coming out to the edge of the Nile. Take the rod that turned into a snake and confront
him. Say to him, “YAHWEH God of the Hebrews has sent me to tell you, let my people go that
they may worship me in the wilderness."

Here Moses addresses God as “Adonai” literally “My Lords” the qualitative plural of Adoni i.e. My Lord
Exodus 12:12 and Numbers 33:4 - Each individual plague seems to be targeted to a specific deity in the Egyptian
pantheon with the tenth plague being the cumulative death blow to the entire pantheon at once
YAHWEH said to Moses, “Tell Aaron to take the rod and hold it over the river that all the waters
of Egypt may turn to blood; the rivers, the canals, its ponds and all bodies of water." He lifted up
his rod and smote the water and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt, so that the land
stank, neither could the Egyptians drink the water because of the blood. But Pharaoh turned and
went to his palace and paid no heed to this second sign. When seven days had passed since the
Lord had Aaron smite the waters; the Lord said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, thus
says the Lord: Let my people go that they may worship Me! If you refuse to let them go, I will
plague your land with frogs. The Nile will swarm with frogs. They shall come up and enter your
palace, your bedchambers and your houses and upon you and your servants. The Lord said "Tell
Aaron to hold out his arm with the rod over the rivers, so that the canals and ponds may bring up
the frogs on the land of Egypt. Aaron did so and the frogs came up and covered the whole land
of Egypt. The magicians of Egypt, with their spells, brought frogs upon the land also.

Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Plead with YAHWEH to remove the frogs from
me and my people and I will let the people go to sacrifice to YAHWEH." Moses said to Pharaoh,
"When shall I plead on your behalf that the frogs be cut off from your homes, that they may be
found only in the river?” "Tomorrow," he replied. So Moses and Aaron went out from before
Pharaoh and prayed to YAHWEH and the frogs died out from the houses, the courtyards and
fields. They piled them up in heaps. The land stank because of them. When Pharaoh saw that the
frogs were gone he hardened his heart and would not let the people go. (His heart was hardened
by the will of God that God might multiply his wonders against Egypt.)

And YAHWEH said to Moses, "Tell Aaron to hold out the rod and strike the dust of the earth
and it shall turn to lice throughout the land of Egypt." Aaron held out his arm with the rod and
struck the dust of me earth, and the vermin came up upon man and beast. The magicians of
Egypt tried to duplicate this marvel but could not. Moreover they declared to Pharaoh, "This is
the finger of God!" But Pharaoh's heart stiffened and would not heed them as God had spoken.

And YAHWEH said to Moses, "Get up early in the morning to meet Pharaoh as he comes out to
the water, and say to him, ‘Thus says YAHWEH, Let My people go that they may worship Me.
If not I will let loose swarms of insects upon you and your servants. They will be in your homes
and on the ground that you stand upon, but they shall not be in the land of Goshen where my
people dwell." And YAHWEH did so. Swarms of insects came up upon the land; in Pharaoh's
palace and the houses of his servants. Egypt was ruined because of the swarms of insects. Again
Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said plead with God that the insects be taken away
from me and my people and then go sacrifice in the land! But Moses said cattle are an
abomination to the Egyptians. "If we do this in the presence of the Egyptians they will stone us.
We must go at least three days in to the wilderness to sacrifice to our God.” Pharaoh replied,
“Very well go but do not go very far. Intercede for me. "Moses said,” I will plead for you, but let
not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any longer in not letting the people go." So Moses left the presence
of Pharaoh and prayed to God. God removed the insects from Pharaoh and from his servants. Not
one remained. Nevertheless, Pharaoh stiffened his heart again.


The hand of YAHWEH struck the livestock, the horses, the asses and the sheep in the field.

Then YAHWEH said to Moses and Aaron, "Each of you take handfuls of soot from the oven and
throw it toward the sky. It will become fine dust all over the land of Egypt.” Yet again Pharaoh
hardened his. Heart and would not let the people go.

YAHWEH gave command and hail fell upon Egypt such as never happened before or after.
YAHWEH warned Pharaoh and his servants, cattle left out in the open field would be destroyed.
Those who feared God gathered their livestock under cover. Those who didn’t left them out in
the open field and they died. Pharaoh remained stubborn.

YAHWEH commanded and locusts came up on the land of Egypt very grievously. There was
never such like it before or after. They ate every green thing--grass and trees. Pharaoh hurriedly
Summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Plead for me to your God that He take away this plague
also.” Moses did so but he still refused to let the people go.

YAHWEH said to Moses, "Hold out your arm toward heaven that there be darkness throughout
all the land of Egypt, darkness that can be felt. But, there will be light in the dwelling place of
Israel.” And there was darkness for three days throughout all the land of Egypt. Yet Pharaoh
remained obstinate.

YAHWEH said to Moses, "I will bring one more plague upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt, after that
he will let you go, he will drive you out with haste.” Moses called all the elders of Israel
together and said to them, "Go pick out lambs for your families, and slaughter the Passover
offering. Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and apply some of it to
the lintel and the two doorposts of your houses. This way the destroying angel will see it and
pass over you.”

¬¸¯:¸¯¸¬ :x_¬¸z :¬:)

And it Came to Pass at Midnight

YAHWEH struck down all the first-born throughout all the land of Egypt, from the first-born of
Pharaoh to the first-born of the captives in the dungeon, and all the first-born of cattle. A great
cry went up in all the land of Egypt. There was not a house that there was not at least one dead.
So Pharaoh arose that night, he and his servants, and began to thrust the Children of Israel out of
his land. At that time the Children of Israel plundered the Egyptians by asking them for gifts of
gold and silver and articles of clothing.

So the children of Israel went out of Egypt with a high hand and gladness of heart. Since the
Children of Israel were thrust out of Egypt they had no time to leaven their bread, therefore
eating bread without leaven is part of the ordinances of the Passover season. The eating of bitter
herbs is done to typify the bitterness of servitude in Egypt. A lamb of the first year is selected;
the use of a goat is also lawful. The animal must be perfect without blemish. Between the

of the fourteenth day of the first month it is slaughtered and roasted whole and eaten
after nightfall, (which is the fifteenth day of the month) and that night only. If any of the
Passover Lamb remains until morning it cannot be eaten. It must be burnt with fire. It is the duty
of all Children of Israel to observe this Appointed Season.

The Passover Meal

The lamb, unleavened bread and bitter herbs, the three foods prescribed to commemorate the
Passover, are now served. A blessing is recited for each of the three prescribed foods. After
each blessing is recited, a small amount of each item is eaten. After the prescribed foods are
eaten, other traditional foods with symbolic meaning pertaining to the Passover such as
, karpas
may be served.

The Hebrew expression z:z¯v¬ |:z (Bein Hah Arbayeem) is accurately translated “Between the Evenings”
vs. twilight, dusk, eve, or evening. This expression refers exclusively to the timing of a sacrifice i.e. the “Evening
Sacrifice” and the time specified for the slaughter of the Passover lamb. It is approximately halfway between noon
and evening, roughly corresponding to the “ninth hour” when Yahushua expired on the execution stake.
A mixture of fruit, grape juice and nuts used to symbolize mortar used by the Hebrew slaves in Egypt
A vegetable other than bitter herbs, such as parsley or celery dipped in salt water (which represents tears)
¬oD¬ ¬z¯z

Blessing for the Passover Lamb

Blessed are you YAHWEH ELOHIM, King of the Universe
Who set us apart and commanded us concerning the eating of the Passover Lamb

z¯)v¬ ¯¯D )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
¬oD¬ ¬c r¯:zN ¯v ):r:)x) ):c¯¯ ¯cN

r)xD¬ ¬z¯z

Blessing for the Unleavened Bread

Blessed are you YAHWEH ELOHIM, King of the Universe
Who set us apart and commanded us concerning the eating of Unleavened Bread

z¯)v¬ ¯¯D )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
r)xD¬ r¯:zN ¯v ):r:)x) ):c¯¯ ¯cN

¯)¯D¬ ¬z¯z

Blessing for the Bitter Herbs

Blessed are you YAHWEH ELOHIM, King of the Universe
Who set us apart and commanded us concerning the eating of Unleavened Bread

z¯)v¬ ¯¯D )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
¯)¯D r¯:zN ¯v ):r:)x) ):c¯¯ ¯cN

After Pharaoh released the Children of Israel, God didn’t lead them by the way of the land of the
, although that was near. For God said, ‘If the Children of Israel are confronted by
war with the Philistines, they may be discouraged and want to return to Egypt.’ So God led them
in the opposite direction, by the way of the wilderness by Yam Suf
. And the children of Israel
went up armed out of the land of Egypt. And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because
Josef bound the Children of Israel by an oath, saying, “God will surely remember you and you
shall carry up my bones away from here with you.” And YAHWEH went before them by day in
a pillar of cloud and by night as a pillar of fire so they could travel both by day and by night.

And YAHWEH advised Moses that he would harden Pharaohs heart once more. When Pharaoh
realized the Children of Israel had departed, he said to his people, “What have we done in letting
the Children of Israel go from being our slaves?” Pharaoh prepared his army and all of his
chariots including six hundred of his elite chariots and pursued after the Children of Israel
because they had put the Egyptians to shame. Pharaoh and his army overtook the Children of
Israel encamped by Yam Suf. When the Children of Israel saw Pharaoh’s approaching army they
were terrified and cried out to YAHWEH. And they said to Moses, “Is it because there were no
graves in Egypt that you led us into the wilderness to die? Didn’t we tell you while we were still
in Egypt to leave us alone to serve the Egyptians, since it would have been better for us to serve
the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness?” And Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid.
Stand still and see the Salvation of YAHWEH which He will work for you today. While you
have seen the Egyptians today, you will see them no more forever.”

And the LORD said unto Moses, “…Lift up your rod and stretch out your hand over the sea, and
divide it; and the children of Israel shall go into the middle of the sea on dry ground. And I will
harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them; and I will get Me honor upon
Pharaoh, and his entire army, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. And the Egyptians shall
know that I am YAHWEH, when I have gotten Me honor on Pharaoh, on his chariots, and on his
horsemen.” And the messenger of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removed and went
behind them; and the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them; and it
came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the
darkness here, yet gave it light by night there; and the one came not near the other all night.

And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and YAHWEH caused the sea to go back by a
strong east wind all night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the
Children of Israel went into the middle of the sea on dry ground; and the waters were a wall on
their left and right. And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the middle of the sea,
all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. And it came to pass in the morning watch,
that YAHWEH looked on the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and
discomfited the Egyptian troops. And He took off their chariot wheels, and made them to drive
heavily; so that the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Israel; for YAHWEH fights for
them against the Egyptians.” And YAHWEH said unto Moses, “Stretch out thy hand over the sea
that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their

i.e. the “Via Maris” along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
Popularly known as “The Red Sea” The Hebrew “Yam Suf” means “End Sea” i.e. the sea at the southernmost end
of the Sinai Peninsula
See Deuteronomy 28:68
horsemen.” And Moses stretched his hand over the sea; and the sea returned to its strength when
the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and YAHWEH overthrew the Egyptians
in the middle of the sea. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen,
even all Pharaoh’s troops that went in after them into the sea; there remained not so much as one
of them. But the children of Israel walked on dry land in the middle of the sea; and the waters
were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. Thus YAHWEH Saved Israel that
day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the seashore. And
Israel saw the great work which YAHWEH did on the Egyptians, and the people feared
YAHWEH; and they believed in YAHWEH, and in His servant Moses.

7. The Song of Moses (Abbreviated from Exodus 15:1-21)

Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto YAHWEH, and spoke, saying: I will
sing unto YAHWEH, for He is highly exalted; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the
sea. YAH is my strength and song, and He Has Become My Salvation; this is my God, and I will
glorify Him; my father's God, and I will exalt Him. YAHWEH is a man of war, YAHWEH is His
name. Who is like You among the mighty ones, YAHWEH? Who is like You, excellent in
holiness, revered in praises, doing wonders? YAHWEH will live forever and ever. And Miriam
the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after
her with timbrels and with dances. And Miriam responded to them: Sing to YAHWEH, for He is
highly exalted: the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.

¯ŸDN¯ )−¯DNŸ:) ¬)Ÿ¬:¸¯ rNŸ¦¸¬ ¬¸¯:c¸¬¯rN ¯N¸¯c: ::z) ¬cŸD¯¯:c: |¸N
¬: r¸¯D|) :¦¸v.z:¸z ¬¸D¸¯ )−zzŸ¯) o)o ¬¸N: ¬ŸN:¯:z ¬)¬:¸¯ ¬¸¯:c¸N
c:N ¬−)¬:: .)¬:DDŸ¯_N) :−z¸N :¬¯N )¬):¸N) :¯N ¬ | ¬¸v)c:¯ :−¯¯:¬:)
¬)Ÿ¬: z¯N¸z ¬¸zŸD¸z¯:D .)Dc ¬−)¬: ¬¸D¸¬¯D
N¯D ¬cŸv r−¯¬r N¸¯): c¯Ÿ¯¸z ¯¸¯N: ¬¸zŸ−D¸z :D
¯v) z¸¯Ÿv¯ ¯−¯D: ¬)¬:
|Ÿ¯_¬¸N r)¬_N ¬¸N:z:¸¬ z:¯D ¬¸¯r
.r¯Ÿ¬Dz) z:−Drz ¸¬:¯_¬¸N z:c:¸¬¯¯¸z |Nxr) ¬¸¯:z ¤Ÿ−r¸¬¯rN
z:¸z ¬¸D¸¯ )−zzŸ¯) o)o ¬¸N: ¬ŸN:¯:z ¬)¬:¸¯ )¯:c z:¯D z−¬¸¯ |¸v¸r)

8. A Shadow of Things to Come: Leviticus 23:4-16 - Colossians 2:16 – 17.

These are the appointed seasons of YAHWEH, holy rehearsals, which you shall proclaim
in their appointed seasons. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month between the
evenings, is YAHWEH’s Passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of
unleavened bread to YAHWEH. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. In the first day
you shall have a holy rehearsal; you shall do no manner of servile work. And you shall bring an
offering made by fire unto YAHWEH seven days; in the seventh day is a holy rehearsal; you
shall do no manner of servile work.

The Hebrew word ¯v)D (Mau-Ahd), as used in the 23
Chapter of Leviticus, is best translated
“appointed season” vs. feast. Each of the appointed seasons of YAHWEH is a permanent
injunction that commemorates a past event and is a shadow or picture of a facet of His coming
Salvation. YAHWEH defines his appointed seasons, including His Seventh Day Sabbath, as
holy rehearsals. The Hebrew expression, c¯¯ :N¯¯D (Miqrah Quodesh) is best translated
“holy rehearsal” vs. holy convocation. The Hebrew root word N¯¯ (Quarah) means read, recite
or in this case, rehearse. Each time we observe Shabbat (Sabbath), Pesach (Passover), Khag Ha
Matzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread), Shabuot (Pentecost), Yom Teruah (Trumpets), Yom
Kippur (Day of Atonement) and Succuot (Feast of Tabernacles) we are rehearing a facet of
YAHWEH’s plan of salvation in the sequence He brings it to pass.

Therefore Shaul

admonished the gentile Colossians who had come to faith, “Let no man
therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holy rehearsal, or of the new moon,
or of the Sabbath, which are a shadow of things to come, except the body of Messiah.”

9. Yahushua Fulfills the Passover: Luke 24:44-45

And He said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that
all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and in the Prophets and in
the Psalms concerning Me.” Then He opened their understanding to understand the Scriptures

Corinthians 5:7: Yahushua is our Passover.

Exodus 12:3-6: The Passover lamb is selected on the 10
day of the first month and examined
to ensure it is without blemish.

Matthew, Chapters 20 – 27:24, Mark Chapters 11 – 15:14, Luke Chapters 18 -
23:22, John 12 - 18:38: Yahushua entered Jerusalem on the 10
day of the first month,
expelled the merchandisers from the temple, taught in the temple and was tried by the
chief priests and elders and then by Herod the Tetrarch and finally by Pilate. The chief
priests, Pharisees and Sadducees could find no fault in His teachings. Therefore, they

Popularly known as Paul
i.e. the Ecclesia, the Congregation of Believers in Messiah or the Church
i.e. the Hebrew Scriptures, which are divided into the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Writings, of which the
Psalms are a major portion
brought charges of blasphemy against Yahushua and tried Him in an unlawful forum.
Even so, they could find no fault in Him and brought false charges of sedition against
Him before Pilate. Pilate first deferred to Herod the Tetrarch who found no substance in
their charges. Ultimately, Pilate found no fault in Yahushua.

Exodus 12:6: And the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it between the

John 13:1, 19:14-42: Yahushua was put to death on the execution stake on the 14
of the first month, which is the Passover. The Passover itself is not a day during which
work is prohibited. During Passover, preparations are made for the Feast of Unleavened
Bread, during which “servile work” is prohibited. Therefore concerning the Passover, the
day Yahushua was crucified, John writes, “It was the preparation.” Passover, as each of
YAHWEH’s holy rehearsals on His lunar calendar, may fall on any day of the week.
The Passover that year was on the 4
day of the week (called Wednesday) not the sixth
day of the week (called Friday). The Feast of Unleavened Bread was the “High
Sabbath” John refers to. It is one of three “High Sabbaths” on YAHWEH’s calendar as
written in Deuteronomy 16:16, “Three times in a year shall all your males appear before
YAHWEH your God in the place which He shall choose: in the Feast of Unleavened
Bread, and in the Feast of Weeks, and in the Feast of Tabernacles.”

Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34, Luke 23:44-46: Yahushua expired on the execution stake
between the evenings.

Matthew 12:39-40, Mark 16:4, Luke 11:29: Yahushua was resurrected after a full
three days and a full three nights, fulfilling the sign of Jonah, as He said, “as Jonah was
three days and three nights in the belly of the fish so shall the Son of man be three days
and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Yahushua was buried just before nightfall on
the 4
day of the week (called Wednesday) a few hours after he expired on the execution
stake, but before the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the 5
day of the
week (called Thursday). He was resurrected at the conclusion of the Sabbath, at the start
of the first day of the week (called Sunday), thus precisely fulfilling His prophecy
concerning the sign of Jonah.

Leviticus 23:9-16: YAHWEH commanded Moses and the Children of Israel that when they
entered the promised land to offer a sheaf

of the first fruits of their harvest as a wave offering
on the day following the weekly Sabbath. The day following the weekly Sabbath of the Feast of
Unleavened Bread begins the counting of the Omer, the countdown to Shabuot.

Acts 1:1-5, Acts 2:1-4, 1
Corinthians 15:12-23, Revelations 1:1-6: Yahushua fulfilled first fruits upon
his resurrection. The wave offering of the first fruits is prophetic of the resurrection of Yahushua, which

The term “High Sabbath” is not used anywhere in the Hebrew Scriptures in reference to any of YAHWEH’s
appointed seasons including the weekly Sabbath. Neither is it used in the Hebrew Scriptures in reference to any of
the other appointed seasons coinciding with the weekly Sabbath, as is often supposed. The term “High Sabbath”
came into use to refer to the three pilgrimage festivals, Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks and Feast of
Tabernacles. Also, see page 2 regarding the evolution of the use of the term Passover.
Hebrew “omer” a unit of measure of barley
He prophesied would be three days and nights after He was put to death on the execution stake. In the
Hebrew Scriptures, a sheaf is used to typify a person or persons (Genesis 37:5-11). Yahushuah will return
to earth (Zechariah 14:4) during His second coming as King over all the earth. He also will bring the
sheaves (the believers in Yahushua as the Messiah) with Him (Psalm 126, Mark 4:26-29, Jude 14).

The Essence of Passover for the Body of Messiah: Don’t you know that a little leaven leavens
the whole lump of dough? Purge out therefore the old leaven that you may be a new loaf, as ye
are unleavened. For even the Messiah our Passover is sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep
the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the
unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1
Corinthians 5: 7 -8)

r:D)o ¬¯¬r

10. Summation Psalm: Psalm 105 is fitting for the rehearsal of the Passover. It summarizes Passover
beginning with the covenant that YAHWEH made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and culminates with
YAHWEH’s provision of bread from heaven and water from the rock. Yahushua is that unleavened bread
of life, which if we partake we will no longer hunger and the living water, which if we drink we will thirst
no more. He is the rock of our salvation for Yahushua is YAHWEH and YAHWEH is Yahushua.

¯N¸¯c: ::z¯rN )−z_¯¸zr ¬Ÿz

11. The Aaronic Blessing: Numbers 6:24 - 26

The English translation following the Hebrew below may appear strange or even sacrilegious. However,
this more literal translation captures the essence and spirit of the blessing from the original Hebrew.
¯¯Dc:) ¬−)¬: ¯z¯¸z:
¯:¬:) ¯:−¯N )::¸D ¬)¬: ¯N:
z)¯¸c −¯¯ zc:) ¯:¯N )::¸D ¬)¬: N¸c:

YAHWEH (He who exists) will kneel before you presenting gifts and will guard you with a hedge of
YAHWEH (He who exists) will illuminate the wholeness of His being toward you bringing order and He
will provide you with love, sustenance and friendship,
YAHWEH (He who exists) will lift up His wholeness of being and look upon you and He will set in place
all you need to be whole and complete

Brenner, Jeff A. Ancient Hebrew Resource Center. http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/12_blessing.html
The Aaronic Blessing. Copyright © 1999-2007

z¯)v |)¯N

12. Adon Olam

Sovereign of the Universe who reigned ere any creature yet was formed.
At that time when all was made by His desire, then was His Name proclaimed as King.

And after all shall have come to an end, He alone shall reign in awe.
He was, He is, and He shall be in honor.

And He is One, and there's no other, to compare to Him to contend with Him.
Without beginning, without end and to Him belongs strength and dominion.

And He is my God, and my redeemer lives, The Rock in my travail in the time of my distress.
And He is my banner and my refuge, the portion of my cup in the day that I shall call.

Into His Hand I commit my spirit, when I sleep and when I awake,
And with my spirit, my body also, YAHWEH is with me and I will not fear.

ארבנ ריצי־לכ םרתב ךלמ רשא םלוע ןודא
ארקנ ומש ךלמ יזא לכ וצפחב השענ תעל
ארונ ךלמי ודבל לכה תולככ ירחאו
הראפתב היהי אוהו הוה אוהו היה אוהו
הריבחהל ול לישמהל ינש ןיאו דחא אוהו
הרשמהו זעה ולו תילכת ילב תישאר ילב
הרצ תעב ילבח רוצו ילאג יחו ילא אוהו
סנ אוהו ארקא םויב יסוכ תנמ יל סונמו י
הריעאו ןשיא תעב יחור דיקפא ודיב
אריא אלו יל הוהי יתיוג יחור םעו

Next Year in New Jerusalem

¬c¯¬¬ z:¯c)¯:z ¬Nz¬ ¬:c¯

The Communion Ceremony


Yahushua established the rite of communion and exemplified humility and service by washing
his disciple’s feet during the meal commonly referred to as “The Last Supper.” By comparing
the synoptic Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke to the Gospel of John, we see that “The Last
Supper” occurred after sundown when the 13
day of the first month had ended and the 14
of the first month had just begun. We recognize that “The Last Supper was not Passover, as
Yahushua Himself fulfilled the Passover some hours later.

Therefore it is fitting that members of the Body of Messiah partake of communion at sundown
on the 13
day of the first month as a family unit or in small groups before assembling the
following evening for the congregational Seder at the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened
Bread. Unlike the Kiddush on Shabbat, the bread used during communion should be unleavened
bread and the beverage should be unfermented grape juice representing the sinless Messiah.

Order of Service



Scriptural Reference



Sounding of the Shofar to
Call the Assembly to Order

Numbers 10:1 – 7,
Psalms 81:3 - 4



The Sh’ma (Hear O’ Israel)

Deuteronomy 6:4



Reflecting on the Body and the Blood

Corinthians 11:27 – 29



Partaking of the Body of Messiah
Matthew 26:26, Mark
14:22, Luke 22:19,
Corinthians 11:24

22 - 23


Partaking of the Blood of Messiah
Matthew 26:27 – 29, Mark
14:23 - 25, Luke 22:20,
Corinthians 11:25



Demonstration of Humility (Feet Washing)

John 13:1 - 17



Concluding Hymn

Matthew 26:30,
Mark 14:26


Matthew 26:26-29, Mark 14:22-25, Luke 22:13-20, John 13:1-17, 1
Corinthians 11:23-29
Sounding of the Shofar

1. The Shofar is sounded to call the assembly to order.

2. The Sh’ma

Hear O’ Yisrael
YAHWEH is our Supreme Authority
Blessed be His Glorious Reputation
His Kingdom is Forever and Ever

¯N¯c: vDc
)::¬¯N ¬)¬:
¯¬N ¬)¬:
¯)zz zc ¯)¯z
¯v) z¯)v¯ )r)z¯D

3. Reflecting on the Body and the Blood: 1
Corinthians 11:27 – 29 is read aloud. After
thoughtful consideration, those who wish to participate in communion may do so.

4. Partaking of the Body of Messiah

The following is recited:

Yahushua commanded, “Take, eat; this is My body, which is broken for you; this do in
remembrance of Me.”

The following blessing is recited:

Blessed are you YAHWEH our Supreme Authority, King of the Universe,
who has given us Living Bread to eat and not Hunger, Amen.

The Matzot is broken, shared and eaten.


z¯)v¬ ¯¯D )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
zv¯: N¯) ¯zN¯ z::¬¬ z¬¯¯rN ):¯¯|r: ¯cN

5. Partaking of the Blood of Messiah

The following is recited:

Yahushua said, “This cup is the Good News in My blood. Whenever you drink of it, do
so in remembrance of Me.”

The following blessing is recited:

Blessed are you YAHWEH our Supreme Authority, King of the Universe,
who has given us Yahushua Your Son, the True Vine
and Living Water to drink that we thirst no more, Amen.

The grape beverage is consumed.

z¯)v¬ ¯¯D )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
rDN¬ |D:¬ ¯:z v)c)¬: ):¯¯|r: ¯cN
¯)v NDx: N¯) r)rc¯ z::¬ z:D)

The following blessing is recited:

Blessed are You YAHWEH our Supreme Authority who has planted everlasting life in
our midst. Blessed be He and say you Amen and Amen.

):z)rz vc: z¯)v ::¬ )::¬¯N ¬)¬: ¬rN ¯)¯z
|DN) |DN )¯DN) N)¬ ¯)¯z


6. Foot Washing

John 13:1 – 17 is read aloud.

Family members should partner with each other and with guests in the home to wash each
other’s feet.

The following is traditionally sung during the foot washing.

He Poured Water in the Basin

Then He poured water in the basin and He washed his disciples’ feet (2x)

If I wash (If I wash) you not (you not), then you have no part with me (2x)

7. Concluding Hymn (As Desired)

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