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III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production

Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

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(b) Explain various inversions of single and double slider crank chains. [4+12]

of P to the motion of P Q is 13 : 7. Fine the distance of Q from the fixed point O of

the pantograph such that the point P moves at least 12.7 cm in either direction of

live O Q P when it is horizontal. Find also the main dimensions of the pantograph.

[16]

3. Figure 3 shows a worth whit quick return motion mechanism. The various dimen-

sions in the mechanism are as follows:

OQ = 100 mm; OA = 200 mm; QC = 150 mm and CD = 500 mm.

The crank OA makes an angle of 600 with vertical and rotates at 120 rpm in the

clockwise direction.

Locate all the instantaneous centers and find the velocity of ram D. [16]

Figure 3

4. (a) Discuss the three types of instantaneous centers for a mechanism.

(b) The stroke of a steam engine is 15 cm and the connecting rod is 30 cm in length.

Determine the velocity and acceleration of the piston when the crank has

made 450 measured from the inner dead centre and rotates at 600 r.p.m. Also

calculate the velocity and acceleration of point p, 5 cm on the connecting rod

1 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 1

produced from the junction of the crank. Use instantaneous centre method.

[6+10]

5. The angle between the axes of two horizontal shafts to be connected by Hook’s joint

is 1500 . The speed of driving shaft is 150rpm. The driven shaft carries a flywheel

weighing 10 Kg and having a radius of gyration of 10 Cm. If the forked end of the

driving shaft rotates 300 from horizontal plane, find the torque required to drive

the shaft to overcome the inertial of the flywheel. [16]

6. The following data relate to a circular cam operating a flat faced follower

Least diameter = 40 m.m

Lift = 12 m.m.

Angle of action = 1600

Speed = 500 r.p.m.

If the period of acceleration of the follower is 60% of the retardation during the lift

determine

(a) The main dimension of the cam

(b) The acceleration of the main points

(c) What is the maximum acceleration and deceleration during the lift? [5+5+6]

7. (a) Derive the formula for the length of the path of contact for two meshing spur

gear having involute profile.

(b) Find graphically, the length of the path of contact when pinion with 18 teeth

meshes with an internally toothed wheel with 72 teeth, when the pressure

angle is 200 , module pitch is 4 mm and the addenda of pinion and wheel are

8.7 mm and 3.7 mm respectively. [8+8]

8. A compound epicyclic gear is shown diagrammatically in Figure 8. The gears A,D

and E are free to rotate on the axis P. The compound gear b and C rotate together

on the axis Q at the end of arm F. All the gears D and E are annular gears. The

gear A rotates at 100 r.p.m. in the anti clockwise direction and the gear D rotates

at 450 r.p.m. clockwise. Find the speed and direction of the arm and the gear E.

[16]

Figure 8

2 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 1

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3 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production

Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Sketch and describe the working of two different types of quick return mechanisms.

Give examples of their applications. Derive an expression for the ratio of times

taken in forward and return stroke for one of these mechanisms. [16]

2. A grass hopper straight line mechanisms gets its motion from a crank OA. The end

A of the crank in joined to a long rod PQ such that Q A is 6cm. The end Q is

further joined to along vertical link O1 Q, 24 Cm long moving with centre O1 . The

length of rod PQ is also 24 Cm and its end P describes an approximate vertical

straight line. Determine the radius of crank OA. Find also the maximum deviation

of P from the vertical straight line in a travel of 6 Cm on each side of its mean

position. [16]

3. In the mechanism shown is Figure 3, O and Q are fixed centers. If the crank OC

revolves at uniform speed of 120 r p m, find the angular accelerations of the links

CP, PA and AQ. Dimensions of various links are OC = 50m; CP = 200 mm; QA

=100 mm; QE = 50 mm: [16]

1 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 2

Figure 3

4. The crank OA drives the rod AB as shown in Figure 4. A lever CD is pin-jointed

to the rod at C and to a block D which moves in the fixed guides; there is a

similar arrangement for the rod EF. The speed of block F is 0.72 m/sec for the

configuration shown in the figure. Find the speed of crank OA in rpm.

In figure the dimensions are given as hereunder OA = 18cm, AB = 72cm, AC =

40cm, CD = 36 cm, CE = 24 cm, EF = 30 cm. [16]

Figure 4

5. (a) Describe the working of Davis steering gear mechanism giving neat sketch.

Derive the condition for correct steering of the above mechanism.

2 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 2

(b) The Distance between the steering pivots of a Davis Steering gear is 1.3m.

The wheel base is 2.75 metres. What will be the inclination of the track arms

to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle if it is moving in a straight path. [8+8]

6. (a) Explain a radial cam mechanism and describe the types of cams with sketches.

(b) Sketch the different types of cam followers.

(c) Explain angle of Ascent, dwell and angle of descent. [5+5+6]

7. (a) Derive an expression for minimum number of teeth (T) on the wheel if in-

terference is to be avoided between two mating gears. Also find the above

expression if gear ratio is 1.

(b) Two 200 involute spur gears mesh externally and give a velocity ratio of 3.

Module is 3 mm and the addendum is equal to 1.1 module. If the pinion

rotates at 120 rpm, determine

i. the minimum number of teeth on each wheel to avoid interference.

ii. The number of pairs of teeth in contact. [8+8]

8. An epicyclic gear train, as shown in Figure 8 has a sun wheel S of 30 teeth andtwo

planet wheel P.P. of 50 teeth. The planet wheels mesh with the internal teeth of

a fixed annuals A. the driving shaft carrying the sunwheel, transmits 4 kW at 300

r.p.m. The driven shaft is connected to an arm which carried the planet wheels.

Determine the speed of the driven shaft and the torque transmitted, if the overall

efficiency is 95%. [16]

Figure 8

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3 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production

Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Explain various inversions of single and double slider crank chains. [4+12]

mechanism”. [16]

velocity of 30 rad/S. The lengths of various links are; AB = 100mm; BC = 300

mm; BD = 150 mm; DE = 250 mm; EF = 200 mm; DG=165 mm.

Determine the velocity and acceleration of G for the given configuration. [16]

Figure 3

4. (a) State and prove Kennedy’s theorm of instantaneous centers.

(b) In a four bar chain ABCD, A and D are fixed centers 12.5 cm apart. The

driving crank AB = 6.25 cm, at certain instant makes an angle of 600 with

AD. The driven crank CD and the coupler BC are 7.5 cm each. Determine

the following when the driving crank makes 10 r.p.m in clockwise direction:

i. The angular velocities of the links CD and CB

ii. of the angular acceleration of the link CD by instantaneous centre method.

[8+8]

1 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 3

5. A Hook’s joint is used to connect two shafts whose axes are inclined at 200 . The

driving shaft rotates uniformly at 6000 rpm. What are the extreme angular veloc-

ities of the driven shaft? Find the maximum value of retardation or acceleration

and state the angle where both will occur. [16]

6. A flat ended valve tappet is operated by a symmetrical cam with circular arcs for

flank and nose profiles. The total angle of action is 1500 base circle diameter 125

mm and the lift 25 mm. During the lift, the period of acceleration is half that of

the retardation. Speed of cam shaft is 1250 r.p.m. The straight line path of the

tapper passes through the cam axis. Find

(b) Maximum acceleration and retardation during the lift. [16]

7. Two 200 involute spur gears mesh externally and have a gear equal to 2. The

number of teeth on smaller gear (i.e., pinion) is 20. The module is 10 mm. The

addendum on each wheel is to be made of such a length that the line of contact on

each side of the pitch point has half the maximum possible length. Determine:

(b) length of path of contact

(c) arc of contact and

(d) contact ratio. [16]

8. An epicyclic bevel gear train, as shown in Figure 8 has fixed gear B meshing with

pinion C. The gear E on the driven shaft meshes with the pinion D. The pinions C

and D are keyed to a shaft, which revolves in bearings on the arm A. The arm A

is keyed to the driving shaft. The number of teeth are: TB = 75, Tc = 20, TD =

18 and TE = 70. Find the speed of the driven shaft, if 1. The driving shaft make

1000 r.p.m. and 2. The gear B turns in the same sense as the driving shaft at 400

r.p.m. the driving shaft still making 1000 r.p.m. [16]

2 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 3

Figure 8

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3 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production

Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) State the difference between the closed and unclosed pairs giving examples in

each case.

(b) What is a Kinematic chain? How is it formed from the links? [10+6]

2. (a) Show the Peaucellier mechanism generates an exact straight line as its path.

(b) Classify the straight line motion mechanisms with examples. [10+6]

3. The mechanism shown in Figure 3 the length of the various links are,

OE = 15cm, AB = 40cm, BC = 60cm and CD = 20cm. The crank rotates at

70rpm. Determine

(a) Coriolis component acceleration of E with respect to F

(b) Angular acceleration of link BC. [16]

Figure 3

4. The crank and connecting rod length of a simple steam engine are 10 cm and 40

cm respectively. The connecting rod weighs 50 kg and its center of gravity is 22

cm from the cross head center, the radius of gyration about the center of gravity

being 12 cm. If the engine speed is 300 rpm, using Klein’s construction, for a crank

angle of 450 from inner dead center, determine

(a) The inner velocity and acceleration of the center of gravity of the rod,

1 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 4

(b) The angular velocity and acceleration of the rod,

(c) The kinetic energy of the rod. [16]

5. (a) Sketch a pantograph, explain its working and show that it can be used to

reproduce to an enlarged scale a given figure.

(b) The angle between the axes of two shafts joined by Hooke’s joint is 250 . The

driving shaft rotates at a uniform speed of 180 r.p.m, The driven shaft carries

a study load of 7.5 k.w. Calculate the mass of the fly wheel of the driven shaft

if its radius of gyration is 150 mm and the out put torque of the driven shaft

does not vary by more than 15% of the input shaft. [6+10]

6. A flat ended valve tappet is operated by a symmetrical cam with circular arcs for

flank and nose profiles. The total angle of action is 1500 base circle diameter 125

mm and the lift 25 mm. During the lift, the period of acceleration is half that of

the retardation. Speed of cam shaft is 1250 r.p.m. The straight line path of the

tapper passes through the cam axis. Find

(b) Maximum acceleration and retardation during the lift. [16]

7. A pinion 120 mm PCD meshes with a gear wheel 400 mm PCD. The teeth are of

involute form, 2 mm module pitch and 250 angle of obliquity. Addendum for each

wheel is 6 mm. Find the angle that the pinion turns through while any one pair of

teeth continue to maintain contact. If the pinion is the driven and rotates at 200

rpm, find the velocity of sliding at the instant contact ceases. Prove any formula

you use in this latter part. [16]

(b) In a reverted gear train, as show in Figure 8 two shafts A and B are in the

same straight line and are geared together through an intermediate parallel

shaft C. The gears connecting the shafts A and C have a module of 2 mm and

those connecting the shafts C and B have a module of 4.5 mm. The speed of

shaft A is to be about but greater than 12 times the speed of shaft B, and the

ratio at each reduction is same. Find suitable number of teeth for gears. The

number of teeth of each gear is to be a minimum but not less than 16. Also

find the exact velocity ratio and the distance of shaft C from A and B.[6+10]

Figure 8

2 of 3

Code No: RR310304 Set No. 4

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