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10/18/2013 MEL342 Ganvendra Singh Chahar Ujjawal Gupta Dhruv Jain Deependra Mehlawat
2. 5. . The steam extracted in the gland seal extraction is minimal and neglected. Make-up water added in the hot well is at ambient conditions (T = 40 oC). The condenser is ideal and cools down the water to saturated liquid level at condenser pressure. Piping and frictional losses are minimal. 4. 3.Schematic Assumptions 1. SSSF process.
2826.22 kg/s => Total inlet mass flow rate = 40.64 5.56 Energy produced from steam expansion from the three extractions = = 6.9) + 5.67 5.402 MW Total energy requirement = 23 MW => Mass flow rate at the exit of turbine: = (23 .67 2810.9 10 2748.01 kg/s .6) + 10 (3272 .6 6.402 ) / (3272 .14.67) + 5.64) = 14.56 (3272 .64) = 12.2810.2568.56 (3272 .2568.56 2568.2748.Heat balance for turbine: Inlet of Turbine At first extraction At second extraction At third extraction At exit from other processes Enthalpy Mass flow (kJ/kg) rate (kg/s) 3272 2826.67 (3272 .
9 kJ/kg Outlet flow recovered = 5 kg/s h2 = 798.56 + 2.45 kg/s .72 MW Maximum capacity for refrigeration system = 7.01 kg/s => Total flow recovered at the inlet of condenser = 5 + 5.6 kJ/kg Ǭ1 = 18.7 Taking COP of VAM = 0.25.87 MW Heat balance for extraction 2: Inlet flow rate = 10 kg/s h1 = 2810.01 .11 MW Heat balance for extraction 3: Inlet mass flow rate = 5.21 kJ/kg Ǭ3 = 11.64kJ/kg Ǭ2 = 24.22 = 25.72 MW Typical COP of a VAM = 0.65 (say) COP = Heat load in evaporator / Heat input in generator Heat input in generator = 11.78 + 12.6 to 0.56 kg/s h1 = 2748.67 kJ/kg h2 = 640.618 MW Make-up water requirement: Total Inlet mass flow to the turbine = 40.56 = 14.56 kg/s Outlet mass flow rate = 5.56 kg/s => Make-up water = 40.Heat balance for Extraction 1: It's an open ended system and all the inlet flow is lost in the process A.67 kg/s Enthalpy = 2828. Mass flow rate = 6.
33 640.22 2.72 MW Ǭ4 = 13. processes Make up water Outlet mass flow rate = 40.09 2568.11 MW ẆBFP = 0. the fluctuations in mass flow rate in various other systems will be accounted in the outlet mass flow rate of turbine which directly goes into condenser.02 kJ/kg Efficiency of Cogeneration power plant: Ƞ= (Ẇout + Ǭ1 + Ǭ2 + Ǭ3 + Ǭ4 .78 14.53 kg/s Outlet Mass From the deaerator = 41. The Governing system of the turbine will regulate the output mass flow rate to the condenser as per the situation and hence will maintain the balance.5 167.54 kg/s Enthalpy= 417.15 % (j) To meet the required power output from turbine.ẆBFP) / heat input in boiler Ẇout = 23.01 kg/s Inlet Mass from extraction 2 = 1.80 MW Ǭ1 = 18. Carbon Footprint calculation: Heat requirement as per system in 5.11 MW Ǭ3 = 11.1 = 114.94 kJ/kg Enthalpy= 2748.706 MW Ƞ = 80.56 12.33 MW Heat Input in boiler = 114.4 MJ/s Calorific value of natural gas = 43000 kJ/m3 CO2 emissions of natural gas = 3142 kg/tonne Density of natural gas = 0.87 MW Ǭ2 = 24.Mass balance for Condenser: Mass flow (Kg/s) Flow from Extraction 2 Flow from VAM Flow from Turbine exit Flow from sec.45 Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 798.1 kJ/kg Enthalpy= 504.62 Heat balance for deaerator: Inlet Mass from CEP= 40.3 417.01 kg/s 5 5.717 kg/m3 .
marcopower.72 MW Diesel Consumption for 1MW power generation = 250 l/h Diesel consumption = 8680 l/h Boiler: Energy required to meet the steam requirement = 215.exeter.25 l/h CO2 emissions of diesel = 2.72 MW DG Set: Power produced = 23 + 11.htm Date: 15 August 2013 Time: 5:30pm 3)Natural gas Calorific Value.56 kg For the alternative system: Vapour compression refrigeration: Refrigeration Effect = 7. Website: http://people.ac.=> CO2 emissions per hour = 20837.html Date: 16 August 2013 Time: 6:00pm Engineering Packages used: 1) TKSolver 2) EDraw CAD software .72 = 34.65 Power taken from grid = 11. it can be seen co-generation leads to a much cleaner was of energy production. Website: <http://www. References: 1) COP of a VAM machine.cibse. Website: http://www.832 kg/l Diesel Consumption = 5781. 8:15 pm 2)Carbon footprint calculation.org/content/documents/Groups/CHP/Datasheet%207%20%20Absorption%20Cooling.com/fuel.pdf> 15-Oct-13. Thus.html Date: 16 August 2013 Time: 11:30am 4)Properties of fuel.618 MW Efficiency of the cycle = 0.engineeringtoolbox.com/gas-density-d_158.uk/TWDavies/energy_conversion/Calculation%20of%20CO2%20emissions%20fr om%20fuels.25 l/h Total Diesel Consumption = 14461.488 * 10^6 kJ/h Density of diesel = 0. Website: http://www.15 kg The carbon footprint for the alternate system is roughly 2 times that of the system of cogeneration.68 kg/l => CO2 emissions per hour = 38756.