PSV and piping sizing for critical and/or vapor-liquid flows with PRODE

by cbadia Published on 07-10-2013 06:11 AM 0 Comments Prode Properties allows to size / rate PSV and piping for critical or two-phase flows with different models HEM MODEL HEM (Homogeneous Equilibrium Model) is based on two assumptions (Homogeneous flow) 1) velocity of gas an liquid phases are equal 2) vapor and liquid phase are in thermodynamic equilibrium this is a general purpose model which gives good results for a broad range of problems HNE MODEL in HNE model (Homogeneous Non-Equilibrium Model) the vapor and liquid phases are not in thermodynamic equilibrium, HNE has found (Fauske, Schmidt ...) to describe well the behaviour of subcooled fluids which reach two-phase equilibria in a nozzle, pipe etc. for example the fluid residence time could be too short for a significant vaporisation. NNHE MODEL in NHNE (Non-Homogeneous, Non-Equilibrium Model) the vapor and liquid phases are not in thermodynamic equilibrium and traveling at different veleocities This is the most flexible (but complex) model available in PRODE PROPERTIES SOME APPLICATIONS WITH PRODE PROPERTIES Isentropic Nozzle model this method alows to design/rate safety/relief devices as PSV etc. for critical and two-phase flow. The Isentropic Nozzle model allows to define 1) HEM Homogeneous Equilibrium (Solution of Mass Flux integral) 2) HNE Homogeneous Non-equilibrium (HEM with Boling Delay and Gas-Liquid Slip Contributes) 3) HNE-DS , Homogeneous Non-equilibrium 4) NHNE Non-homogeneous Non-equilibrium PIPE this method allows to simulate single phase, two-phases, multiphase flow on circular pipes, for multiphase flow different models are available including HEM (Homogeneous Equilibrium) Speed of Sound the methods StrMSS(), EStrMSS() in Prode Properties allow to calculate the speed of sound for gas, liquid and gas+liquid (mixed phases) with HEM model How to calculate mach number in Excel With PRODE PROPERTIES you can calculate speed of sound for has,liquid and gas+liquid flows directly in Excel with the macro =EStrMSS(1,t,p) which returns the speed of sound for that fluid at specified t, p form that value mach number = fluid velocity / speed of sound

irreversible expansions when the contribute of kinetic energy cannot be neglected. Alternatives based on CONSTANT ENERGY FLASH For subcritical flows Prode calculates the area solving a constant energy operation but since usually for a nozzle we do not specify the internal area of pipe (which is required for calculating vin in above formula the procedure estimates the value. this may generate errors when the rate vo/vin is low. HNE (Homogeneous Non Equilibrium Model). vo calculated at vena contracta conditions this model works well for critical and two-phase flows. Some Application examples in EXCEL PRODE PROPERTIES includes a series of application examples in EXCEL (both Excel 32 bit and EXCEL 64 bit are supported) for solving -PSV rate/design -PSV compare HME (Homogeneous Equilibrium Model). For such cases it is suggested to use as alternative to ISPF() the method EPF double t = EPF(integer stream.Some details about models included in PRODE PROPERTIES The HEM model for the nozzle applied in Prode Properties solves hin+1/2*vin^2 = ho+1/2*vo^2 (in = inlet. NHNE (NON Homogeneous Non Equilibrium Model) -etc. it is also applicable for subcritical flows within certain limits.egpet. double aout. double et) this method allows to specify both inlet and outlet condition thus modeling a adiabatic. o = orifice) where vo (for a critical flow) is the speed of sound ho. Read more: . double E. double p.

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