ARTICLE

A renewal of ethics
Mark Burton, joint winner of the Society’s 2013 Award for Promoting Equality of Opportunity, provides an action framework for responding to contemporary crises
We are living in a time of crisis: economic, ecological, social and political. Some of the consequences – poverty, exclusion, and the reduction and restructuring of education, health and welfare – define the working context of most psychologists. Other consequences are less visible, either because their physical consequences (climate change, for example) are not yet immediate, or (like superexploitation in the majority world) they do not affect us in this country directly. But taken together the changed and worsening situation calls for a renewal of the ethical basis for practising psychology. This must go beyond professional ethical codes, setting out a basis for a scholarly activism that is orientated to community and social renewal while taking sides with the increasing numbers of the oppressed and excluded.

of psychology and beyond the discipline. Community psychology is certainly concerned with people’s actions, experiences, thoughts and beliefs, but its interest is at the level of the community rather than the individual. As such, it offers a corrective to the psychologisation that can occur within psychology, and indeed the wider so-called psy-complex.

The mess we’re in
was very honoured to be awarded the Society’s Award for Promoting Equality of Opportunity 2013. But isn’t that a rather problematic concept? In ‘a world that’s ill-divided’, in the words of an old song from my home town of Manchester, isn’t the idea of equality of opportunity a diversion? Rather than addressing the root causes of disadvantage, oppression and exclusion, the idea of equality of opportunity cuts short the debate, ameliorating the effects of structural and systemic inequalities, compensating for the inequalities of circumstance that have already been allowed to occur. This is a bit of a simplification and I don’t want to detract from the value of such ameliorative action, after the fact. But by only having such a focus the danger is that a wider, transformational, liberatory orientation is effectively silenced. To illustrate, British equalities legislation puts a duty on public authorities to combat discrimination, but while including discrimination on the basis of disability, age, gender, sexual orientation and race, it leaves the dimensions of class, income and location to one side. Living in city where, according to Save the Children (2011), more than a quarter of our children are growing up in severe poverty, I’m perhaps particularly aware of the limitations of conventional ‘equality of opportunity’ thinking. I will instead talk about an ethical orientation that has evolved over the course of my career. It is grounded in community psychology, an orientation that perhaps best exemplifies what I see as a necessary perspective of being both

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A perfect storm of economic, ecological, social and political crises is upon us, crises that threaten not just our standard of living but the very basis for human life. The present conjuncture, however, is not just a list of problems, but a time of crisis for dominant ways of understanding and managing our society, and indeed the world system. For the problems we now confront are indeed systemic in nature, whether we are thinking of the extraordinary, tolerated, levels of inequality, or climate change, or the privations inflicted on elderly and disabled people using our publicly funded service systems. Taken together the changed and worsening situation calls for a renewal of the ethical basis, not just for practising psychology, but for our whole society. First let’s explore two very different manifestations of the present malaise. Care Working in the field of intellectual disability, I have seen for myself cases of staggeringly poor practice in general hospitals and in the deaths of apparently healthy people from undetected conditions, and the reluctance, nay refusal, of much of the primary care health service to carry out its basic responsibilities to carry out positive health checks, screening for treatable conditions. In terms of the unnecessary deaths of learning disabled people, typically due to a failure to identify and treat remediable illness, the reduction in life expectancy is estimated to be around 13 years for men and 20 years for women

question references resources

To what extent are psychology and psychologists 'part of the problem'?

Liberation Psychology Network: http://libpsy.org Escobar, A. (2007). Worlds and knowledges otherwise: The Latin American modernity/coloniality research program. Cultural Studies, 21(2), 179–210.

Anderson, K. & Bows, A. (2010). Beyond ‘dangerous’ climate change: Emission scenarios for a new world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1934), 20–44. doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.0290 Burton, M. (2004). Viva Nacho! Liberating psychology in Latin America. The Psychologist, 17(10), 584–587. Burton, M. (2013). In and against social

policy. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice, 4(2). Retrieved 14 August 2013 from www.gjcpp.org/en/ article.php?issue=14&article=69 Burton, M. & Kellaway, M. (1998). Developing and managing high quality services for people with learning disabilities. Aldershot: Ashgate. Corporate Europe Observatory (2010). Concealing their sources – who funds Europe’s climate change

deniers? Brussels. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl.com/n7f4zq3 Dussel, E. (1995). The invention of the Americas: Eclipse of ‘the other’ and the myth of modernity. New York: Continuum. Dussel, E. (1997). The architectonic of the ethics of liberation. In D. Batstone, E. Mendieta, L.A. Lorentzen & D.N. Hopkins (Eds.) Liberation theologies, postmodernity, and the Americas. New

York and London: Routledge. Dussel, E. (2000). Europe, modernity and eurocentrism. Nepantla: View from the South, 1(3), 465–478. Dussel, E. (2013). Ethics of liberation: In the age of globalization and exclusion. Durham, NC,: Duke University Press. (Original work published in Spanish 1998) Fatheuer, T. (2011). Buen Vivir: A brief introduction to Latin America’s new

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2013. Burton. P. processed and sold. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl. Goldenberg. treating them as of less worth melting. (2000a). not just the result of a few malign and the biogeochemical flow boundary staff. not to new. The Massachusetts Review. P. In E. We don’t know what window technical know-how if they were to might remain to mitigate runaway climate flourish. 1800 preventable deaths in England and unprecedented in human history and Wales every year. et al.. The Guardian.). Lander (Ed.org. S. What was once free is subject to exchange relations. controlling them. incompatible with to celebrate at all.com/l44vunf Fernández Retamar. M.bris. We have seen three planetary limits that we are now the appalling cruelty at Winterbourne crossing. Goldenberg. with no detours and no end. Fleming. I suggest the following list of the most important I-A-S Cs: I The rational administration of complexity: This is the administrative impulse to order and simplify rather than describing the dimensions and layers of complexity. by my calculation reflectivity is reduced and CO2 concentrations have reached 400ppm. This reality is layered and contradictory. But there is also a finessed it? I remember the conditions endured by denialism.. working with the flow. E. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from www. Duckett. analyses of it Yet I fear there is (Weintrobe. Caliban. absent in some languages.uk/cipold/ fullfinalreport. 2012). Secret funding helped build vast network of climate denial thinktanks. Berlin: Heinrich Böll Foundation. to performance There is the wellmanagement that known denialism lost sight of the real and even content of the caring psychological relationship. Bristol: University of Bristol. and that is just one of the of mainstream health care. The Arctic is suffering. the particular conditions of the NHS under Leonard. (2011). runaway global warming (Anderson & in its broader sense. Heslop.com/kf3k7q5 Lander. is to be controlled.. along with biodiversity loss View. so some elements can at times appear to be in conflict even though they hang together as an overall hegemonic complex. It is authoritarian since it defines ‘out of scope’ other paths. 14 February). 2009). Perspectivas read discuss contribute at www. 441–447. After all. than others. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from www. I Linear progress: Progress is a culturally located idea. care. We are on the threshold of But denial of the conditions for living. I Taming natures: The wild. Critical community psychology. R. E. (1974). Nor. In that case threshold of the my initial instinct greatest is to blame the population crash neoliberal in the life of our commodification of species.) La colonialidad del saber: Eurocentrismo y ciencias sociales. together with The climate an allied approach crisis is curious.. 2013). I The dominance of exchange and possession: As Marx and Engels said. But while this starts with people in places like the Andean altiplano.pdf Kagan. the Sahel or the coast of Bangladesh.uk 803 . P. and gas.html Gudynas. How could it dimension of our present predicament funded by oil be that staff acted so companies and callously. despite being made more likely by mention the establishment of an office running the system instrumentally and for the exploitation of unconventional oil with tight resources. 7–72. action (practices) and structure support one other. nor do we know facing the relatively small group of what window there might be to adapt. Lander.. (2008). ‘you can’t stand in the way of progress’. That which was once common is now owned.thepsychologist. Buenos Aires: CLASCO. possessed. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl. Perspectivas latinoamericanas. is this just a problem change. (2013). Development. et al. Ciencias sociales: Saberes coloniales y eurocéntrico. Until recently the ecological crisis was This manufactured ecological crisis just one more dimension of our present has an equalities dimension: continued predicament. evident in the coexistence in vulnerable people in ‘mental handicap government policy of climate change “hospitals”’ and ‘geriatric hospitals’ under legislation together with the prioritisation the pre-Thatcher NHS and it was nothing of economic growth. 54(4). R. This is an to treat those young people as citizens in emergency that puts all the other crises need of a combination of kindness and into relief. the natural. By reducing complexity to a few elements. It is seen as or turned into resources. enclosed and channelled. La colonialidad del saber: Eurocentrismo y ciencias sociales.com/ce5px5u Grosfoguel. as the Mid But we are very Staffordshire scandal likely on the shows. Final report. intellectually disabled people. and humanity as separate from it. and global coloniality: Decolonizing political economy and postcolonial studies. P. C. leaving their right-wing US hearts at the entrance think-tanks (Corporate Europe of the hospital? Is this just reducible to Observatory. It is seen as separate from humanity. Ideology-action-structure I have come to think about these issues in terms of what I call ideology-actionstructure complexes (I-A-S Cs) in which ideology. methane is being released. And to some extent we are all denialists – it’s how we stay sane in the Our planet face of impending catastrophe. a second dynamic at Global warming – more than just one Much of it is work. again. Eurozine. but an incompetent system that failed (Rockström et al. concepts for the good life and the rights of nature. to be mastered. 15(1/2). Chichester: Wiley.equality of opportunity award (Heslop et al. 2010.com/articles/ 2008-07-04-grosfoguel-en. (2011). (2013. E. 2010). Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl. Blair. is not just a problem Bows. but now I believe it to be inaction is condemning people to pain and the central problem. or suppressed. When valued it is appreciated in a distorted version of itself. Care scandals are not emissions-reduction targets. (Ed. Buen Vivir: Today’s tomorrow. border thinking. ‘All that is solids turns to air…’ …or rather money. the hope is to manage the complex system itself..ac. Transmodernity. 2010) – I call this vulgar the neoliberal regime or is there more to denialism. (2000b). prehistory. All that is intangible is made concrete.eurozine. it extends potentially to all of us – certainly to my children and grandchildren – an inequality constructed inter-generationally. Confidential inquiry into premature deaths of people with learning disabilities. It implies a linear path from the primitive to the modern. probably none.

modern knowledges. laws. trivialised or co-opted. foreign and domestic policy. and the ontological assumptions behind them (Quijano. for it was there that other humans appear to have been first redefined as subhuman (Dussel. M. marginalised. 2011.com/ mnrcszu Leonard. crafts.’ The social technologies.51–67). way in which Western society treats ‘the other’ – the marginal. Toronto: Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID). The material principle and the formal principle in Dussel’s ethics. 2000. Personally. it calls for a different approach to ethics. 1995. (P. This is an analysis made by a number of decolonising thinkers and activists from the Global South and Latin America in particular.4–23). 3(2). 2000). Mono-culturality and the suppression of other cultural systems: Particular cultural forms dominate. But where do these complexes come from? Where did it all go wrong? It has been said that we are no longer in the holocene epoch but in the anthropocene. the action-systems and the structures of the present systems of domination of populations and nature. the inconvenient. 219–231) (Internet version: www. that emerged within the action moment of the colonial ideology-actionstructure complexes were generalised to other contexts and are with us still. (1996). 2003). if supported. and Latin America. Buenos Aires: CLASCO. Buen Vivir: An introduction from a women’s rights perspective in Bolivia. and pass on and share that way of life through traditions. one that starts from the ethical relationship between people and especially with the vulnerable. rights. the Ranters and the Diggers. non-Western people. T. Coloniality of power. excluded and invisible. Marsh. leading to sufficient surplus for urban communities. The assumption appears savagely in the far right and more subtly elsewhere. and institutions of modernity such as nation-states.edu. Eurocentrism. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl. The Telegraph. (pp. a problematic explored by Shakespeare in The Tempest (Fernández Retamar. it is necessary to work for their replacement. (1956). M. is deeply ingrained in our education. (2010. Dating the point at which it all started to go so wrong is difficult. Oil conglomerate ‘secretly funds climate change deniers’. 245–268. Coloniality and modernity constitute two sides of a single coin. the Levellers. I. It has its echoes in those approaches to the position of the very disabled that start from an ethical problematisation of their situation in society and in our lives. Nepantla: Views from South. Nepantla. it means that coloniality is integral to the modern world and to all the problem areas described above. The same way as the European industrial revolution was achieved on the shoulders of the coerced forms of labour in the periphery. You can find it in a number of contemporary social movements. without end. It is not derivative from. Gudynas. (2012). Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl. the new identities. and this requires work that tackles the ideology. Assumed superiority: That ‘European civilisation’ is the pinnacle and other cultures (and hence peoples) are inferior. Alien cultures are variously suppressed.htm) Quijano. in the later regions of colonisation and in the heart and hinterland of the imperialist centres themselves. Retrieved 14 August 804 vol 26 no 11 november 2013 . This is a hypothesis but. In A. If this account is taken seriously. Lanza. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from tinyurl. oppressed. Lanham. New York: Harvard University Press.). people in other parts of the world. future generations. and domination/ exploitation of.com/kf3k7q5 Lander. 1956). but now dominant. but was a model of domination that applied between classes and also in relation to other groups: the poor. arts. (2003).) Writings for a liberation psychology. the frail. To tackle these problems requires something much more radical than most previous or current reform movements or proposals envisage. As Grosfoguel (2008) puts it: ‘Coloniality is not equivalent to colonialism. It connects with concerns of feminism and (in that it rejects the duality people–nature) with the ecological dimension. Lander & Past. extending to those we don’t know. Trans. I am increasingly persuaded by the thesis that an absolutely pivotal moment was the colonisation of the Americas. MD: Rowman and Littlefield. the first localised instances of climate change. from 1492. modernity. Lander. and to the depletion of soils and forests. P. Prospero and Caliban: The psychology of colonization. Martín-Baró. citizenship and democracy were formed in a process of colonial interaction with. and the rest of us. 1974.sv/deptos/psicolog/ hacia. Boletin de Psicología.equality of opportunity award I I I The primacy of exploitation: The system depends on exploitation. A key hypothesis is that the colonising moment ushered in a then new.com/ylx9ctv Mannoni. The high levels of consumption of the few (globally) depend on labour exploitation of varying degrees of savagery and on the ruthless exploitation of the planet’s living and mineral resources. In L. And we are now faced with ever greater homogenisation just as identity politics is celebrated. Rather than trying to fix the capitalistcolonial-ecocidal systems that we are all embedded in. A. Coloniality did not require a colony any more. E. (2000). (Original publication: Hacia una psicología de la liberación. London: Methuen. For others it was somewhere in between.) Thinking from the underside of history: Enrique Dussel’s philosophy of liberation. 30 March). 2012). J. For others it was the evolution of capitalism. 22. where the influence of the human species on our planetary systems is decisive. eurocentrism. & Past. 1(3). Aron & S. rituals and the material trappings of everyday life. Mannoni. and the ‘natural’ order of global capital. This orientation has a lot in common with those early opponents of the modern regime. 2000a. Lanza. perhaps the adoption of monotheism. a system the goal of which is to accumulate more and more capital. (2000).uca. where culture means the ordinary ways we live. It means a focus not so much on the administrative techniques of the state and market (within which I include the technologies of psychological assessment and intervention) as on the very nature of social relations that we mean to construct. Corne (Eds. So the colonisation that took place in the American continent both supported and provided models for the new ideologyaction-structure complexes there. as exemplified in the list I referred to earlier. the outsider. for example in the work of Vanier and Wolfensberger latinoamericanas (pp. the ‘lower orders’. Toward a liberation psychology. culture. for example the Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien movements of the contemporary Andes (Fatheuer. For some it was the adoption of agriculture. or antecedent to. Mendieta (Eds. Powesland. 2011. the unconventional and the delinquent. Alcoff & E. and between people and nature. the disabled.

compared to any professional ethical code this approach is both more positively focused on the consideration of what is good and right. (Ed..bps. reproducing and developing their lives not just in the narrow material sense but also in the wider social. Retrieved 14 August 2013 from www. instead emphasising the need to proceed from close. Marsh.. Engaging with climate change: Psychoanalytic and interdisciplinary perspectives. recognising the conflictual nature of any social action. 9(3). as profession. 461(7263). London: Author. S. excluded and invisible. (2009). competence. in its biological. marginalised. The growing threat to the lives of handicapped people in the context of modernistic values. he articulates a practical approach to ethics in a world where the majority are excluded from the possibility of producing. Yet on re-reading that Code I find a different kind of gap. 2006. doi:10. doi:10. responsibility and integrity. He identifies three ethical principles: I the material: the production.com/doc/99690468/Manc hester-Getting-a-Life-Report-Final Vanier. the victims of the system. oppressed. disability activists or mental health system survivors. Steffen. Wolfensberger.pdf Rockström. liberation ethics starts from the ethical relationship between people and especially with the vulnerable. & Burton. which leads us to a consideration of what it is actually possible to achieve (equivalent to the pragmatic school of ethics). Abingdon and New York: Routledge. Noone. But Dussel then makes clear that each one of these must be subjected to a constant critique from the perspective of the oppressed other – in both a negative critical sense and in a positive reconstructive sense. reproduction and development of the life of each an every human subject.uk/code). Briefing: Severe child poverty: Nationally and locally. W. leading in turn to the (always provisional.1038/461472a Save the Children. There may be some truth in both these critiques. admittedly unconventional framework of the philosopher of liberation Enrique Dussel (1997. 2004). Final report of the Manchester Getting a Life Project. Consider its four underpinning ethical principles: respect. Nature. and the rest of us. J. 472–475. the other. Encountering ‘the other’. (2012). What is missing? Let me contrast this list with the. I the communicative or inter-subjective principle: focused on procedures for reaching agreement (equivalent to the school of discourse ethics). social and spiritual dimensions. cultural sense of living with dignity. The alternative approach suggested here is also to be found in the orientation known as liberation psychology.uk 805 . W. K.unc. It is therefore more comprehensive and more challenging. 1994).org.equality of opportunity award The world turned upside down – as with the Levellers of the English revolution. U. but the British Psychological Society does at least stress the need for constant critical reflection in its 2009 Code of Ethics and Conduct (www. Wolfensberger. (2006). New York: Paulist Press. The central idea is the critique of the conditions caused by the dominant system from the perspective of the ‘oppressed other’.scribd.) (2012).thepsychologist. as well as from other groups that suffer oppression or exclusion via the dominant ideologyaction-structure complexes. Upton. 395–413. respectful and humble relationships (Vanier. The cynic might say that such codes are the cosmetic trappings that legitimise the profession.1080/09687599466780421 read discuss contribute at www. which specifically starts from the perspective of the oppressed. aiming to turn psychology on its head so that its knowledge and practice is continually interrogated from the perspective of the other (Burton. Beyond the ethics of professional bodies With this in mind let us turn to the ethical orientations provided by professional bodies. (2011). and more critical. 2013.edu/~aescobar/ wan/wanquijano. 2013 from www. By revisiting each principle in turn. the excluded. and I the practical. Disability & Society. psychology needs an ethical point of reference against which who criticise technocratic approaches to care of these ‘others’. Manchester: Manchester Learning Disability Partnership. J. imperfect) reconstruction of theory and practice.org. A safe operating space for humanity. (1994). M. In my view. For me. Weintrobe. It might also be said that the attempt to codify ethics in terms of do’s and don’ts is antithetical to the process of acting ethically – in Kohlbergian terms it is tantamount to an immature stage in moral development. et al. and between people and nature BRITISH LIBRARY 2000). And indeed this seems to me just what we have seen in the critiques of the established order of things from say.

an approach is taken where the oppressed other constructs. although in these cases the leadership tended to be specialist. but for the last 30 and more years my commitment has been to work together with the disadvantaged. constructing and being in the world. 2000b. It is not compatible with a self-serving. One of Ignacio Martín-Baró’s associates and interpreters. the point is both to adopt a healthy and socially supported critique of psychology’s concepts and methods and to use them for human liberation. Kagan et al. itself nurtured by experience in action and the integration of different forms of knowledge and expertise. 1998. using person-centred planning approaches together with an emphasis on the supported employment model for gaining paid work (in contrast to the ‘train-and-place’ model with its ideology of ‘readiness’). in which knowledge is Building a better social reality Getting a Life was a government-sponsored (but not funded) demonstration project aiming to improve both the outcomes and experiences of young severely intellectually disabled people as they moved to adulthood. concerned with coconceptualising processes and with help in accessing resources. community-based cultural activity and social action. not unlike that suggested by the Zapatistas of Chiapas – mandar obedeciendo: leading whilst obeying [the people]. scientistpractitioners.com/bpssiprac) does suggest some places to start on such a journey. translated and reworded MB) I would add the responsibility to be a public intellectual. but always rooted in their love for and profound knowledge of ‘our kids’. technicians or professionals. It leads to a critique of the received ways of apprehending. The tension between minorities and majorities and alternative modes of doing and knowing.burton@poptel. A perspective that recognises domination. This is not a difficult idea. based on the mobilisation of conscience and the expansion of consciousness. not always expressed in ‘politically correct’ ways. 2012). It was their radicalism and creativity. both as a public servant and as a scholar (Burton & Kellaway. It involved working with a variety of sectors. An example was the Manchester Getting a Life project that I was lucky enough to lead (see box). one of the participants. The idea of liberation through social praxis. that uses the cloak of professionalism to evade accountability and scrutiny of their arts. as well as its co-creator. unfinished and relative. as the subject and object of research. 2011). the antiintelligentsia. 2000b) discussed the new socialscientific perspective that emerged from the liberatory and decolonising movements in Latin America as ‘a way of seeing the world. although Mark Burton is Visiting Professor at Manchester Metropolitan University mark. the project was notable for the role of family activists in challenging how we did things. But it is not enough to rely on internal self-correction within the discipline.org 806 vol 26 no 11 november 2013 . The need to rethink the methods and approaches of social science and social technology and their role in positive and negative social transformation. a liberatory praxis comprising both understanding and action – to transform lived reality (Martín-Baró. a more engaged role is adopted. multi-sectorial system we were all caught in. Bolivia (Pampajasi Urban Aymara Community): in both cases psychologists had worked for years with social movement organisations that provided collectively managed and designed services (although that word is somehow wrong) where it was hard to see the divide between therapy. and consequently resistance too. THE MANCHESTER COLLEGE I I I I I I I relational. fashionfollowing technocratic elite. Upton & Burton. dissident social thinkers and social movement activists too. one that has been variously called organic intellectual/engaged scholar/scholaractivist/intellectual in the public sphere. I believe that this approach is fully consistent with the best traditions of public service and responsible professionalism and scholarship. together building a better social reality. the Venezuelan social psychologist Maritza Montero (cited in Lander. It is a similar conception that has guided my own work. who is recognised in their own right. (Montero. The psychologists had an interesting role. but it is one that is quite alien to the dominant approaches in psychology. In the best work within the framework of the psychology of liberation.. And to reassure you that I am not just advocating political activism. The 2008 BPS discussion paper on socially inclusive practice (tinyurl. with equal claims for authenticity. with the specialist. not just from the professionals but from disabled people and their families.) I am not saying I have consistently done this. This orientation to understanding and action implies the active involvement in principled social transformation – instead of merely being scientists. The historical character of knowledge: indeterminate. 2013. undefined. For me. cited in Lander. I saw this approach in action last year in peripheral communities in Fortaleza. setting the scene for the next phase of participative policy experimentation while establishing on the ground some inspiring examples (and only examples so far) of what is actually possible (Burton. (It is only in the English-speaking world where ‘intellectual’ is an insult. both in its production and in the way we conceptualise it. Brazil (Community Mental Health Movement of Bom Jardin) and La Paz. The redefinition of the role of the social researcher in relation to the Other. on work placement building of a consensus among a at the Royal Manchester Children's Hospital variety of agencies as to what was required to really transform the very complex. rather than directive. the challenge needs to come from those affected or potentially affected (positively or negatively) by the discipline’s conceptual and practical constructions and actions. that enabled the Aaron. The multitude of voices from a variety of life-worlds. interpreting it and acting on it’ with the following key organising ideas: I A conception of community and of participation.equality of opportunity award to check its content. 1996).

read discuss contribute at www. The deadline for receipt of applications is 13 December 2013.uk 807 . We will select and appoint members on the basis of the skills and experience demonstrated in their application. postgraduate programmes across a range of areas of applied psychology and Psychological Wellbeing Practitioner training programmes.thepsychologist. but we will work closely with you to ensure that you are able to balance any work you undertake on our behalf with your other commitments. and offers them the opportunity to network with and learn alongside a diverse range of professional colleagues. The nature and number of reviews and visits will vary year on year. Our approach and ethos Our approach is known as accreditation through partnership: we work collaboratively with the providers whose programmes we accredit. or supervising or managing trainee or qualified PWPs. and will seek wherever possible to achieve a balance of expertise across the reviewer community as a whole.org. We reimburse travel and subsistence expenses for any meetings or visits you attend as part of this role. please let us know. please contact Lauren Ison (email: lauren. What sort of work is involved? Our reviewers work as part of a committee with responsibility for accrediting programmes and enhancing quality. Your skills and experience We’re looking for members from academic and/or practitioner backgrounds with expertise in: • Running accredited programmes. but if you have other experience that you think is relevant.uk or call 0116 252 9563) for an application form and information pack. Previous experience of participation in quality assurance or governance processes is desirable. The majority of our review work is undertaken remotely (electronically) but we also hold meetings during the year as an opportunity for discussion of key policy and practice issues. and/or • Supervising or managing trainee or qualified psychologists working in a range of practice environments.Safeguard the profession: Engage and be part of our future We’re looking for committed and enthusiastic members to get involved in reviewing and accrediting undergraduate programmes.ison@bps.org. and we see our reviewers as key partners in that process. and to facilitate peer support and training. How to apply If you would like to be considered for appointment as a reviewer. Our reviewers tell us that their involvement in accreditation through partnership gives them valuable insight into different approaches to training the psychologists of the future. We ask our reviewers to engage in both paper-based reviews of psychology programmes and in one or two-day partnership visits to universities across the UK.

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