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Techniques for Energy Conservation

Dick Dowdell, Richmond Cold Storage Company

Basics New Construction Existing Facilities

- Practices - Modifications

Basics
Electricity costs are the 2nd largest operating

cost for cold storage warehousing Electrical costs are going up with higher energy cost Rate Structures include
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Generation costs Distribution costs Stranded costs

Basics
Rate trends
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Time of day Real time Use kWh Demand - kW

Largest charges
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Virginia GS-3 Schedule Cost Breakdown 9/09/06 10/10/06

Type of Charge Basic customer Charge rkVA Demand Distribution Demand On Peak Energy Charge Off Peak Energy Charge On Peak Demand Charge Off Peak Demand Charge Adjustment Charge Fuel Adj. Charge (kwh use) Sales and Use Surcharge State/Local Tax County Utility Tax Total Charges

Cost 123.79 69.90 2067.99 641.23 860.82 9745.9 54.23 -624.30

% 0.55 0.31 9.25 2.87 3.85 43.58 0.24 -2.79

8986 76.03 350.26 10.00 22362

40.18 0.34 1.57 0.04 100.00

Basics
Schedule LP Cost Breakdown October 2006

Type of Charge Basic Facilities Charge rkVA Power Factor Adj Demand Charge (kW) Energy Charge (kWh) Sales Tax Total Charges kWh

Cost 16089.00 157.85 0.00 83,928.70 3005.27 103180.82 2612160

% 15.59 0.15 0.00 81.34 2.91 100.00 0.0395

New Construction
New construction design
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Its BTUS that count Where are the opportunities? Lets look at a load survey form

New Construction
A. Heat transmission load

- Floor - Roof/ceiling - Walls B. infiltration load - Doors C. Product load Supplemental load - lighting

New construction
Heat transmission loads

1. Roof 2. Walls 3. Walls 4. Floor

highest loads south/west walls east/north walls lowest loads

$.40/bft $.40/sf $.40/sf $.30/bft

Doors

- size - number - type - opening and closing speeds

New Construction
Doors

- strip curtains 80% to 90% efficient - double air curtains - 80% to 90% efficient - vestibules 90% efficient - fast fold and rapid roll doors - power operated fixed doors - air curtains with rapid close doors

New Construction
Dock Doors

- low temp doors - insulated doors with good seals - 4 sided dock seals - vertical dock levelers

New Construction

New Construction
Lighting

- bi-level lighting for coolers and freezers - improvements in metal halide lamps - T5 HO, high output fluorescent fixtures

New Construction
Refrigeration system

- Refrigerant ammonia, CO2 - Control system energy management system - Evaporators variable frequency drive motors - Condensers variable frequency drive motors, VRTX water treatment system - Under floor heat waste heat, timer system if electric

New Construction
Pallet prep rooms - remove blast spacers - stretch wrap - without going out of the freezer

New Construction
Insert picture CCS 083006 100-1072

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Existing Facilities - Practices


Office - Lighting

- Keep non critical lighting levels as low as possible - Use light colors - Turn off lights when leaving an area - Use lower wattage lamps - Use fluorescent or mercury lamps where appropriate - Keep unnecessary lights turned off

Existing Facilities Practices


Offices HVAC - Heating - reduce temperature settings during non working hours - Cooling raise temperature settings during non working hours - Leave thermostats at constant levels during occupied hours - Dont heat or cool unoccupied spaces - Maintain filters - Reduce hot water settings 130 degrees

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Existing Facilities Practices


Warehouse Refrigeration - Clean the condenser - Raise temperature settings - Shut the doors when not using - Eliminate unnecessary use of freezer doors - Shut blast cells off when product is frozen - Optimize defrost cycles - Do not stack product in front of evaporators - Repair vapor leaks - Repair door gaskets and seals

Existing Facilities Practices


Warehouse - lighting

- Do not leave lights on in unoccupied freezer areas - Use automatic timers where possible - Use master switch in supervisors office

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Existing Facilities Practices


Miscellaneous

- Install timers on battery chargers, charge during off peak periods where possible - Install timers on under floor heating systems, run on off peak periods -Install thermostats on battery charging and machine rooms

Existing Facilities Modifications


Roofs Dock Doors Doors Mechanical Refrigeration Electrical

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Existing Facilities Modifications


Roof

- White or reflective coatings - On re-roofing use white reflective membranes - Add roof insulation on re-roof projects

Existing Facilities Modifications


Dock Doors

- Replace dock seals - Install seals on pit type dock levelers - Install low temp doors
Doors

- Upgrade doors to doors that are more energy efficient

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Existing Facilities Modifications


Mechanical

- Eliminate window A/C units - Install energy efficient HVAC systems - Add ventilation in machine room if room is hot in summer

Existing Facilities Modifications


Refrigeration

- Install energy management control system - Use VFD motors with condenser replacements - Install VRTX water treatment system on condenser - Install energy efficient motors when replacing compressor motors

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Existing Facilities Modifications


Electrical

- Install capacitors on large motors - Install more energy efficient lighting

Techniques for Energy Conservation


Know your customer What are they looking for?
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Quality Price Service

Do the best you can to help your customer be

as efficient as possible

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