Art Montemayor

Project Crude Oil Tank

July 29, 2002 Rev: 0

Summary of Relief Calculations for T-201  The Fire Case is the Controlling Case for Pressure relief; the required relief capacity for this case is 523,215 Scfh. The existing installed pressure relief capacity in the existing 12” Varec Model 2020B1 PVSV is approximately 200,000 Scfh according to Varec Representative in Houston, George Izaguirre.  Existing pressure emergency relief in the existing 24” Varec Model 221P is 750,000 Scfh according to Varec Representative in Houston, George Izaguirre.  Therefore, the existing pressure capacity in T-201 for the new, proposed operating conditions is 723,000 Scfh. No additional relief capacity is required for T-201 in the manner of a PVSV or an emergency “Fire Hatch” since the present hardware will be sufficient to protect the tank from the worst pressure relief scenario (the Fire Case).  T-201 also has an existing vacuum capacity sufficient for the new, proposed operating conditions.  In the event that steam-out procedures will be used on T-201 in the future, at least 12 ft2 of open roof nozzle area should be available for this tank in order to avoid a vacuum structural failure during a rainstorm while the tank is being steamed-out. This nozzle area can be made up of existing and/or future Fire Hatches as well as any existing roof manways.

Page 1 of 13

FileName: 207096947.xls.ms_office WorkSheet: Summary of Results

) 360 (Estim. gpm). 3) The "Normal maximum" pump-in rate will be used for the tank relief calculations Page 2 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947.0 F Btu/lb Tank MAWP Max Vacuum Diameter Max fill T .500 1. 2001 Rev: 2(07/24/02) Tank Padding Calculation Sheet Data Entry Stored Material Flash Point Boiling Point Latent Heat vap. 20"-PL-354-D 12"-PL-756-D 12"-PL-756-D P &ID # 115-01 -157 -157 -157 Max Head Value Units PSIG PSIG PSIG Flow.201 in WC oz/in2 ft ft 3.333 2.333 2. gpm Notes: 1) Pumps are at zero head flowrate (Max.ms_office WorkSheet: Data Entry . Wt.120 Total Outflows. and Control Valves have the max.Art Montemayor Oil Recovery Attachment 1 November 24.000 2.xls.0 (Hexane) 274.500 Outflows (See Note 1) P-2200 P-2210 P-2220 P-202A P-202B P-201A P-201B Booster Booster Booster Transfer Transfer Drain Drain 2.0 40. gpm Sonic Flow in Pipe Pipe Flow at Maximum dP 0 psi Other (Attach Method) Use for Relief (gpm) Normal Maximum (gpm) (Note 3) 24"-PL-356-A 24"-PL-356-A 24"-PL-356-A 12"-OP-1910-AA1 12"-OP-1910-AA1 4"-DRG-2900-AA1 4"-DRG-2900-AA1 -157 -157 -157 -157 -157 -157 -157 75 75 75 100 100 65 65 psig psig psig psig psig psig psig 2.0 Service Transfer to Storage Transfer to Storage Transfer to Storage Line No. Mol.313 292 729 or : or : or : Total Inflows. Inflows Tag Product Product Product o o Crude Oil F 350 (Estim. GPM Note 1 1. trim size (Max.500 60 60 9.50 130.000 1.50 0.) 144. Cv) 2) The above pump capacities are estimated due to a lack of pump performance curves.000 2.

SCFH 73. A. 2) Fire Case calculations are according to API Standard 2000. refer to API-2000 for breathing requirements.3.) Max Vacuum Latent Heat Vap. 5th Ed. Design pressure < 1.A.166 Relief Inflow + Out Breathing Fire (Pressure) SCFH 523.679 sum of outflows + in Breathing Notes: 1) For Tanks larger than 840.Art Montemayor Oil Recovery Attachment 2 November 24.1.429 Fire (Note 2) Unit Heat Input Required Capacity Outflows.ms_office WorkSheet: Design Basis . in WC SCFH NA SCFH NA SCFH 0 T .000 gal (20.xls..0 psig 3) The wetted area is equal to the total surface area of the vertical shell to a height of 30 ft (API 2000. WC oz/in2 ft ft gal ft2 BTU/hr-ft2 SCFH SCFH SCFH MM Scfh Consider this when using emission vapor control system Normal max inflow + out breathing With vent system Pressure Drop of 9 in WC Consider this only if the tank vents to a vacuum source or header Blanket Gas Valve set at 7" WC Required SCFH Selected SCFH Valve Fail Open SCFH N.) MAWP o F Boiling Point 360 (Estim.Based on Data Entry Sheet Stored Material: Crude Oil Tank: o F Flash Point 350 (Estim. Table 3A) Page 3 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947. N. N. 274 Max fill Height Max fill Volume Inflows.214 Fire Case vapors evolved Outflow (Vacuum) SCFH 137.737 In SCFH 64. Btu/lb 144 (Hexane) Diameter Molecular Wt.2.150 Blow-Through From Upstream Breathing. A.528 Vacuum Rain Storm Cooling Vent Valve set at Required selected Fail Open N.201 in. Section 4.3. Note 1 Flashing Feed Out SCFH 56.000 Bbls). SCFH (Note 3) Wetted Area Normal Operation 21. 2001 Rev: 3(08/08/02) Tank Pressure & Vacuum Protection Design Sheet . sum of outflows + in Breathing + fail open vent valve Fisher Model 1190 Regulator with ___" trim.429 Relief Scenario 21. This flowrate assumes the valve's Cv determines the capacity Pressure and Vacuum Relief Cases Inflow (Pressure) SCFH 78. A.

0 rce or header e capacity essure < 1.616 12.214 0 0 0. Table 3A) Page 4 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947.5 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Design Basis .0 40.2 1.0 psig 00.201 3. 2001 Rev: 3(08/08/02) T .Art Montemayor Oil Recovery November 24.971.0 3.252.150 523.xls.5 130.

Rated Pressure Capacity. Page 5 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947. A.0 in. 2001 Rev: 2(07/24/02) Storage Tank Pressure/Vacuum Equipment Specifications Conservation Vent Pressure side set at 1. Scfh 150. Rated at 2.8 in. set @ 1 oz/in2 24" Varec Model 221P.C. Scfh 200. W. or if the Conservation Vent does not have sufficient liquid flow capacity.) Emergency Vent (New) Tag N. in Varec Varec 2020B 1 221P 12 24 Notes: 1) A Fire hatch may be required if: cone roof tank does not have a weak roof seam. PVSV-T20106 PSV-T20105 Manufacturer Model Size. A.214 426. W. Emergency Vacuum Relief oz/in2 Set at Required SCFH Selected Size SCFH Rated at in.000 523.679 Outflow Case Selected Capacity SCFH each from catalog.000 137.Art Montemayor Recovery Attachment 3 TANK: T . N. set @ 2 oz/in2 Total installed Capacity Total Required Capacity Excess Installed Capacity Note: The above Varec Capacities are taken from Varec Vapor Control Product Manual. total number Total 2 2 oz/in Vacuum Side set at 0. A. pages 40 and 101. Required SCFH 523. total number Total Selected Equipment: Blanket Gas Regulator Nitrogen Valve Conservation Vent Emergency Vent (exist.000 750.214 zero (if have Vent Valve and Emergency vent) or worst case Selected Size SCFH each from catalog. total number 1 Total Emergency Pressure Relief. The existing. Note 1 Set at in.000 950. installed Varec relief devices have sufficient pressure and vacuum capacity for the worse cases.ms_office WorkSheet: Requisition Info .321 This existing tank has the following relief devices installed on it: 12" Varec Model 2020B1. rated at 2 1/2 Required SCFH 137. total number Total Rated at in. Required SCFH Selected Size SCFH N.C.000 0 150.5 oz/in Vacuum.786 Rated Vacuum Capacity.679 12.xls. W. No new or additional relief devices are necessary for this storage tank under the calculated conditions. WC 0 zero (if Con vent has capacity) or Worst case w/o Con Vent each from catalog.201 November 24.C. WC 0 zero (if Con vent has capacity) or Worst case w/o Con Vent each from catalog.

2001 Rev: 2(07/24/02) rst case 0 0 on Vent 0 on Vent 0 Cv rvation Vent ted Vacuum Capacity.679 12.Art Montemayor Recovery November 24.xls. Page 6 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947. worse cases. Scfh 150.000 137.321 40 and 101.000 0 150.ms_office WorkSheet: Requisition Info .

Open Steam Coil Rupture Vent System Failure .100. N.000 0 N. 64. N.737 21. N.A. N.237 3 0.A.Blocked Chemical Reaction Flashing Feed Steam-Out Total Volumetric Flow: 21. (Note 2) N.A. N. N.017 cfh (Includes 25% contingency) 172. N.0807 lb/ft 3 0. A.A. N.A. N. N.A. N.A.A.A. 78.A. N.A. 2001 Rev: 2(7/24/02) Safety Scenario Relief Rates.429 N.A. N. N.429 N. N. N.150 N.A.A. N. N.A. N.A. N. N.000 137.A.A.A.A.166 523. relief protection is recommended Page 7 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947. N.A. N.A.A.A. N.A.A.A.A.xls.528 N. N.Art Montemayor Oil Recovery Storage Tank: T . A. N.A. 46.Blocked Blanket Gas Failure . N.100. N.083877 lb/ft 3 1.33425 lb/ft 25.A.A. N.A.214 N. 56. N.A. CFH Pressure Scenario Vacuum Scenario Liquid Steam-Out Inflow Fire Case Outflow Other Overflow (Note 1) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Case Contributions: Liquid movement in Liquid movement out Out Breathing (Vapor out) In Breathing (Vapor In) Fire Exposure Pressure Transfer Blow-through Blanket Gas Failure .A.A.A.A.A.A.ms_office WorkSheet: Case Summaries .A.0394 lb/ft at at o 32 F o 109 F and and 14.7 psia at at o 109 F o 109 F and and 20 psia 20 psia Note 1: The steam-out case is calculated in another Worksheet. N.A.A.098 cfh (Includes 25% contingency) Air density = Blanket gas density = Blanket gas Molecular Weight = Blanket gas density = Blanket gas specific gravity = 3 0. 523.A. N.201 Fluid: Crude Oil November 24.679 46. N. 73.A.696 psia 79. N.214 Controlling Pressure Case Design Capacity = Controlling Vacuum Case Design Capacity = 654. N. N. N.A.A. N. N. N. N.

2. 12 Press. Event No. Event No. No No No No No No No No No No No No N. A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Event Liquid Movement in and Breathing Out Liquid Movement Out and Breathing In Fire Exposure Pressure Transfer Blow Through Blanket Gas Regulator Failure Failure or Loss of Control . No No No No No No No No No No No No N.xls. 9 Press. 6 Press. Nitrogen. A. 8 is not considered a credible scenario since this tank does not incorporate a Vapor Treating System. Event No.Art Montemayor Storage Tank Pressure Relief Over-Pressurization Scenario Contributions Consider Event when calculating CASE: 1 Press. Event No. Event No. 10 is not considered a credible scenario since the compounds and fluids with potential for introduction into the tank do not react with each other or polimerize. 2 Vacuum No Yes No No No No No No No No No No N. 7 Press. No No Yes No No No No No No No No No N. Event No.Heat Transfer Devices Failure of Internal Heating / Cooling Coils Failure of Vent Treatment System Failure of Utilities (Steam. not pressure transfer.201: Event No. Notes: 1) This event is when the vent valve feeding tank vapors to a vapor treatment system fails closed. A. can cause a reaction 4) Steam Out is a special case that is handled and calculated independently in another spreadsheet. 4 is not considered a credible scenario since all liquid transfer into tank is done by pumping. 2001 Rev: 2(07/18/2002) No. A.. 5th Ed. 7 is not considered a credible scenario since this tank does not incorporate an internal coil that could rupture. A. Comments on scenarios for Tank T . 3 Press. a properly sized nozzle is usually specified to be left open for this case. A. CWS) Chemical Reaction Liquid Overfill Flashing Liquid Feed Steam Out (Note 4) 11 Press. Page 8 of 13 Electronic FileName: 207096947. 6 is not considered a credible scenario since this tank does not incorporate a heat transfer device or internal coil. A. No No No No No No No No No Note 3 No No N. Yes No No No No No No No No No No No N. No No No Yes No No No No No No No No N. No No No No No No No No No Note 3 No No N. A. November 22. Note 2 Note 2 No No No No No No No No No No N. A. air. 11 is not considered a credible scenario since the tank has been designed according to API Standard 2000. 12 is not a possible scenario.5. 8 Press.ms_office WorkSheet: OverPressure Scenarios . 5 Press. 3) Consider this event if the fluids involved normally. Note 2 Note 2 No No No No No No No No No No N.10 Event No. 5 is not considered a credible scenario since no blanket gas is fed into the tank. 2) Either or both liquid movement events could be applicable depending on the system. A. A. A. Event No. No No No No No No No No No No No No N. article 4. Note 2 Note 2 No No No No No No No No No No N. 10 Press. 4 Press. 9 is not considered a credible scenario since no utilities are connected to this tank. or potentially.

xls. 2002 Rev:2(07/18/2002) Determination of Inflows and Outflows for Storage Tanks for use when calculating Normal and Emergency Venting Requirements No. Exposure to Pool Fire with subsequent tank contents' vaporization Inflow 4. Chemical Reaction 11.ms_office WorkSheet: Inflow-Outflow Page 9 of 13 . Failure or loss of Control Heat Transfer Devices 7.) 10. Flashing Liquid Outflow Either or both Inflow Inflow Inflow FileName: 207096947. Failure of Utilities (Air.Art Montemayor Storage Tank Pressure Relief May 14. Liquid Overfill 12. etc. Steam. Failure of Vent Treatment System 9. Cooling Water. Pressure Transfer Blow-through 5. N2. Liquid Movement Out and Breathing In Outflow 3. Failure of Internal Heating/Cooling Coils Inflow Inflow Either or both Either or both 8. Event 1. Inert Gas Pad/Purge Regulator Failure 6. Liquid Movement in and Breathing Out Inflow / Outflow Inflow 2.

article 4. Do not consider inflow for fire case since there is ample time to shutoff the inflow before the fire case fully develops. Like Case 1 Like Case 1 Use Case 1 if the failure can cause the tank to vent.ms_office WorkSheet: Inflow-Outflow Page 10 of 13 . for each pump that can take suction from the tank.5. For Control valves. 5th Ed. The total inflow can also be reduced if the pressure drop in the line(s) between the inlet manifold(s) and tank exceeds the available pressure drop. Use Case 1 if the failure can cause the tank to vent.1. The total inflow is the sum from all of these sources. even installed spare(s).Art Montemayor Storage Tank Pressure Relief May 14. 2002 Rev:2(07/18/2002) on of Inflows and Outflows for Storage Tanks ulating Normal and Emergency Venting Requirements Calculate Inflow or Outflow by: Determine the Maximum flow. Use Case 2 if the failure can create a vacuum in the tank.xls. use the largest trim for the valve body and add the capacity of any bypass valves. The total inflow can be reduced if engineering judgment indicates that it is unlikely that all of the sources will be feeding into the tank simultaneously. for each pump that can be lined up to the tank.3. always include the flashed vapor in the total relief capacity.. FileName: 207096947. The available pressure drop is the highest pressure source’s dead head pressure. at zero head. (see also API-2000 3. Determine the Maximum flow. Like case 2 Use Case 1 if the failure can cause the tank to vent.4) Do consider the failure of the blanketing gas regulator (if applicable) since these instuments typically fail open and the heat from a fire could cause it to fail. calculate the maximum flow for the flow limiting element.2.10 When introducing flashing liquids. at zero head.4. For sources that are not pump driven. Use Case 2 if the failure can create a vacuum in the tank. The Outflow is the sum of all of these. Like Case 1 This tank is designed according to API Standard 2000. Use Case 2 if the failure can create a vacuum in the tank.

ms_office WorkSheet: Flow Diagram Page 11 of 13 To Oil Shipping Pumps . June 28.201 115 oF ….2210 1200 gpm P-201B 20 gpm P-202B 875 gpm P .… Bopd from Y 12"-PL-756-D 24"-PL-356-A P .000 Bopd from X 20"-PL-354-D Project Oil Storage Tank 12" PVSV -T20106 1 oz/in2 set press. 45.2220 1200 gpm FileName: 207096947.xls.Art Montemayor 24" PSV -T20105 2 oz/in2 set press.. 2002 Rev:1(06-9-02) T .2200 1200 gpm 4"-DRG-2900-AA1 12"-OP-1910-AA1 P-201A 20 gpm P-202A 875 gpm P .

Art Montemayor Project Oil Storage Tank June 28. 2002 Rev:1(06-9-02) To Oil Shipping Pumps Page 12 of 13 FileName: 207096947.ms_office WorkSheet: Flow Diagram .xls.

OSHA requires it be clean of chemicals.118 ft/sec 1. Q = U = A = DT = Q = U A DT Heat transfer rate.336 ft 2 13.981 ft /min 3 12. empirical meteorological data.30" Manway nozzles are recommended to be installed on the tank roof Page 13 of 13 FileName: 207096947. Tanks are normally subjected to cleaning with live steam for this purpose and this procedure can introduce the hazard of sudden.425 lb/hr 860 ton/hr 26.792 ft Where. ft3/lb = 1. psia Specific volume of air. If an overall condensing heat transfer coefficient of 400 Btu/hr-ft2-oF is used. A tropical rain storm at any given time is considered as a design criteria that should be strictly observed because of historical.799 ft /lb 46. 32.078.10 2 Required nozzle area for sonic velocity = 11. Btu/hr-ft2-oF Heat transfer surface.2 ft/sec2 Absolute pressure. The actual rain water temperature could be an estimated 60 oF.719. Q = Steam condensation rate = = 2.696 psia = Volumetric displacement inside tank = = = ft3/hr The maximum possible velocity in the Tank's vacuum relief nozzle is: vs = k g R T = k g 144 P¢ V Where.40 13. oF For a condensing system. Btu/hr Overall heat transfer coefficient. vs = = = = = = Sonic velocity of air.800 ft /sec 3 Specific volume of steam at 14.456 ft 2 29.ms_office WorkSheet: Steam Out .883 3 767. vs k g P' V Therefore. T-201: Rev: 0 In order to have safe vessel entry for inspection and repairs of the tank. use: 2 16.January 26. ft2 mean temperature difference between both fluids.E+09 Btu/hr 1.45 ft A nozzle to allow safe operation = 46 inch diameter 3 . uncontrolled vacuum developed due to steam condensation during a rain storm. Diameter = 130 ft Height = 40 ft Cylindrical surface area = Cone top roof surface area = Total Surface Area = For a heat transfer rate heat equation. 2002 Art Montemayor Eden Yuturi Oil Recovery This calculation is for vacuum protection of Crude Oil Storage tank. It is very possible to suffer an instantaneous cloud burst in the rainy season. an overall heat transfer coefficient of 250 to 700 Btu/hr-ft2-oF is considered as very credible.xls. ft/sec Ratio of specific heats for air = acceleration of gravity.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful