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Areas of R&D/Consultancy/Core Activities A Areas of f R&D Design of Flexible & Composite Pavements for Roads and Airfields Additive

ve for Beneficiation of Soil (Inorganic Additives Additives, Organic Additive, Nano Materials, Bio- enzymes, Geopolymers, Biopolymers) Mineral Aggregates: Characterization and Beneficiation Industrial Wastes and Artificial Aggregates:Use in Bituminous mixes Organic Binders (Bitumen, Rubber & Polymer Modified Binders, Cut Back Bitumen and Emulsion) Additives for Bituminous Binders (Anti-stripping Agents, Antioxidants, Polymers y and Warm Mix Additives) ) Construction and Maintenance Technologies (Recycling, Micro Surfacing Slurry Sealing and Ready to Use Patching Mixes) C Cold ld Mix Mi and d Warm W Mix Mi Technologies T h l i for f Construction C t ti and d Maintenance

Consultancy/Core y Activities
Design of Flexible and Composite Pavement and Overlays for Roads, Airfields and Parking Areas Investigations for Failure of the Flexible & Composite Pavement and Remedial Measure Evaluation of Pavement Materials for Construction and Maintenance of Fl ibl & Composite Flexible C it Pavement P t Feasibility Studies of Use of Waste and Marginal Materials Supervision p of Construction and Quality y Control of Flexible Pavement Setting up of Laboratories & Industrial Units for Bitumen, PMB and Emulsion Customized Training Programs in the area of Engineering Materials, Design, Construction and Maintenance Workshop of New Technologies Preparation of New Standards and Specifications Evaluation of Design and Specifications by Accelerated Pavement Testing Facilities Pilot Studies of New Technologies and Materials Design of Airfield Pavements Design, Construction and Maintenance of Rural Roads

Equipment, q p Facilities/Software in the Division


Accelerated Pavement Testing Facility: This is a National Facility. This is used for faster evaluation of materials, design and specifications. Wheel Tracking System: This equipment is used for evaluation of the rutting in bituminous layers at different temperature. C Creep T Testing ti System: S t Thi equipment This i ti is used dt to i investigate ti t creep behavior and also for the determination of stiffness modulus of bituminous mixes. Beam Fatigue Testing System: This equipment is used for study of the Fatigue Behavior of Bituminous Mixes. Brook Brook-Field Field Viscometer: This equipment is used for measurement of the viscosity of bituminous binders including modified binders. Capillary Viscometer: This equipment is used for measuring of the absolute viscosity of the bituminous binders. Pilot Plant for Manufacture of Modified Bitumen and Emulsions: This equipment is used for production of the modified bitumen bitumen, modified emulsions and different grades of conventional bitumen emulsions.

Equipment, q p Facilities/Software in the Division


Equipments for Design of Micro-surfacing: A view of various equipments q p used for design g of micro-surfacing g Gyratory Compactor: This equipment is used for preparation of the Marshal specimens for various testing purposes. Bit Bitumen Testing T ti Equipments: E i t View Vi of f penetration t ti testing, t ti softening ft i point and durability testing Automatic Marshal Testing g Machine. Bending Beam Rheometer. Dynamic Sheer Rheometer Direct Tension Tester Presure Aging Vessel Presser P Ageing A i V Vessel lf for l long term ageing i of f bi bitumen Apparatus for Zeta Potential Binder drainage test and permeability test for persons concrete

Systems and Technologies Developed by the Division

Polybit A and Polybit B. Technology Elastomeric Bitumen Technology Improved Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen Ready to Use Patching Mixes Cold Mix Technology Repair of Cracks on Bridge Deck Wearing Coats

Type ype o of Projects ojects Sponsored Research R Royalty lt Consultancy Technical Services Testing g Total

Completed Co p eted 1 19 14 2 36

Ongoing O go g 3 11 14 28

T h l Technology t transferred f d to t 3 Industries I d ti

Type SCI & PRJ Non PRJ International Conference National Conference Total Patent Granted

Published 5 3 4 15 27

Accepted 4 4

Communicated 9 4 13 1

Total 18 3 8 15 44

Peer Reviewed Journals and SCI 1. Mitigation of rutting in bituminous roads by use of waste polymeric packaging materials, Jain P. K., Shanta Kumar and J. B. Sengupta, Indian Journal of Engineering & Material Science, Volume 18, No. 6, (2011) pp 233-238 (SCI) 2. A laboratory study on efficacy of conventional and modified bituminous binders in construction of roads, by Nishal S., Sangita, Sharma B. M., and Sengupta J. B., Indian Highways, Vol. 40, No. 1, (2012), pp 13-20 3. Warm bituminous mixes: The wave of the future, Ambika Behl, Bose S., Kumar G and d Sharma Sh G Journal J l of f Indian I di R d Congress C V l 72-2 72 2 (2011) pp 101101 G., G., Roads Vol. 107 (Discussion paper Lucknow IRC) 4. 4 Performance of premix carpet and semi dense bituminous concrete laid with emulsion based cold mix technology, Dr. N.K.S. Pundhir, Journal of Indian Congress Vol. Vol 73-1, 73-1 (2012) pp 97-115 Road Congress,

Peer Reviewed Journals and SCI 5. Effect of waste polymer modifier on the properties of bituminous concrete mixes by Sangita, Khan T. A., Sabina, and Sharma D. K., Construction and Building Materials (2011) pp 3841-3848 (SCI) 6. A sustainable bituminous pavement for urban arterial road A case study by C.Kamaraj, P.K.Jain, B.M.Sharma and S. Gangopadhyay (Accepted in IRC Journal) 7. Laboratory performance of polymer modified warm mix asphalt by Jain P. K. Rongali U., Chourasiya A. and Ramizraja M. (Accepted in IRC journal) 8. Methodology for evaluation of ready-to-use patching mix a case study by Mittal A., Highways Journal Roads Mi l A., A Jain, J i P. P K. K and d Kumar K A Indian I di Hi h J l of f Indian I di R d Congress. (Accepted) 9 Damaging D i ff t of f super single i l tyres t i t ti l experience i b Mittal Mitt l A. A 9. effect : an international by and Bose S. (Accepted for HRB, Dec 2012, Journal of IRC)

Peer Reviewed Journals 10. Full scale field performance study on SBS modified and conventional bitumen in bituminous concrete surface subjected to heavy traffic by Jain P. K. (Under review Journal of Indian Road Congress) 11 Laboratory 11. L b t performance f of f stone t matrix t i asphalt h lt containing t i i composite it of f fly fl ash and plastic waste by Jain P. K., Singh G., Rongali U., Chourasiya A., (under review International Journal of Pavement Engineering) 12. Mechanistic evaluation of stone matrix asphalt containing fly ash and modified bitumen by, by Jain P. P K., K Nagabhushana M. M N., N Joshi G. G J., J Patel M. M B., B and Uma Devi (communicated to International Journal of Civil Engineering) 13 Mechanistic evaluation of warm asphalt mixture containing crumb rubber 13. modified bitumen by Jain P. K., Shah N. C. and Ramizraja M. (Under review Construction and Building Materials) 14. Finite element analysis of geogrid reinforced pavement, (Under review of International Journal of Pavement Engineering)

Peer Reviewed Journals 15. Study on performance of high density polythene modified bituminous mixes in bituminous base and binder courses by Jain P. K. and Co-workers (Under communication to Journal of Transportation Research Board) 16. Laboratory performance of Jute textile as reinforcement layer for prevention of reflection cracking by Mittal A., Jain P. K. and Devi U., (Under communication) 17. Design of flexible pavement for a sanitary landfill a case study by Mittal, A. and Jain, P. K., Submitted to Indian Roads Congress Journal. (Under Review) 18. Mechanistic evaluation of SMA containing different fillers by Jain P. K., Uma D., Chourasiya A. and Singh G., (Under Communication Transportation Research B Board d Journal) J l) 19. Laboratory performance of bituminous concrete mix containing composite of fl ash and plastic waste fly aste by b Jain P. P K., K Uma D., D Chourasiya Cho rasi a A. A and Singh G., G (Under communication to Journal of Transportation Research Board)

Non Peer Reviewed Journals


1. Construction of sustainable bituminous roads with emulsion based cold mix technology in India ,Dr. N.K.S. Pundhir,

Construction Business Today, Today May 2011 2. Stone Mastic Asphalt-Laboratory Study for maintenance of city roads by P.K.Jain, C. Kamraj, J.B. Sengupta, B. S. Nigam Sadak Darpan No 8, (2012) pp 9-18 3. New and emerging road technologies for future, by Mittal,

Abhishek, Jain, P.K., Sengupta, J.B. and Ganvir D., New Building Materials and Construction World. (Paper Accepted and would b published be bli h d in i September S t b 2012 Issue I of f NBMCW)

International conference 1. Warm bituminous mixes: way to sustainable pavement, by Behl A., Bose S., Kumar G., and Kumar G, Proceeding of Annual Conference of Canadian Society of Civil Engineering, 06-10 June 2012 2 An 2. A innovative i ti rehabilitation h bilit ti of f distressed di t d bituminous bit i wearing i course on second Vivekananda bridge by Jain P. K. and Nagabhushana M. N published in 7th Brazilian B ili C Congress on Highways Hi h & Concessions C i (CBR&C) and d Brasvias B i Exhibition 3 Study on waste polyvinyl chloride modified bitumen for paving application by 3. Behl A., Jain P. K., and Sharma G., 25th ARRB Conference-Shaping the future: Linking policy, policy Research and Outcomes, Outcomes Perth, Perth Australia 2012 4. Laboratory investigation on use of fly ash plastic waste composite in stone matrix asphalt by Jain P. K., Singh G., Rongali U., Chourasiya A., 25th ARRB Conference-Shaping the future: Linking policy, Research and Outcomes, Perth, Australia 2012

International conference 5. Resilient Modulus of Bituminous mixture Containing g fly y ash p plastic waste composite, by Jain P. K., Singh G., Rongali U., Chourasiya A., IMPC-2012, March 23-24, Kotayam 6. Accelerated pavement testing-An advanced tool for assessing pavement performance, by Mittal A., 2nd International conference on current trends in technology (NUICOME 2011), by Nirma University Ahmadabad, Dec 8-10, 2011 7. Effect of geogrid reinforcement on critical pavement responses of flexible pavement by Pandey S., Kalaya R. R. and Tiwari D., submitted in 25th ARRB Conference-Shaping the future: Linking policy, research and outcomes, Perth, Australia 2012 8. Accelerated pavement testing facility in India-An overview by Mittal A., 26th Indian Engineering Congress by IEI (India) Bangalore 15-18 Dec, 2011

National Conference & Workshops

1 1.

Microsurfacing : An eco-friendly technology for maintenance of bituminous roads by Pandey S., CREATRZ,2011, SRM University, 23rd24th Sept. Sept 2011

2.

Cold bituminous mix technologies for road construction by Pundhir N. K S., K. S Workshop on Sustainable Technologies for Road Construction in North East, Jorhat,19th September 2011,.

3 3.

N K. K S., S Work Cold mix technologies for bituminous roads by Pundhir N. shop on Sustainable Roads for Mumbai City, 10-11 January, 2012,

4 4.

Construction Of Rural Road With Cationic Bitumen Emulsion Based Cold Mix Technology by Pundhir N. K. S., Workshop on New & NonConventional Materials/ Technologies , 18 Feb. Feb 2012, 2012

National Conference & Workshops

5.

Use of Plastic Waste in Rural Road Construction for North East by Jain P. K., Workshop on Sustainable Technologies for Road Construction in North East, 4th Feb 2012 Agartalla,

6.

Warm Mix Technologies for Roads in North East, Behl A., Workshop on Sustainable Technologies for Road Construction, 19 Sept. 2011, Jorhat

7 7.

Use of Plastic Waste in Rural Road Construction Current Imperatives by Jain P. K., National Workshop on New and Alternative Technologies for Rural Roads, Roads 18 Feb 2012, 2012 New Delhi

8.

New Material and Technologies for Road Construction Vision 2020, P K., K National Get together Road Research and its utilization by Jain P. 1-2 March (2012)

National Conference & Workshops

9.

Workshop on Sustainable Technologies for Road Construction in North East by Nagabhushana M. N., CSIR-CRRI Diamond Jubilee Workshop series. NEIST, Jorhat, Assam 19th September 2011

10. Workshop on Sustainable Roads for Mumbai, by Nagabhushana M. N., Disseminative Workshop Series. Mumbai, Nehru Center, 10 10-11 11 January 2012 11 Workshop on Sustainable Technologies for Road Construction in 11. Tripura, by Nagabhushana M. N., CSIR-CRRI Diamond Jubilee Workshop series. 4 Feb 2012, series 3 3-4 2012 Agartala 12. Warm bituminous mixes for north east region by Behl A., workshop east 19th on sustainable technologies for road construction in north east, September 2011 Jorhat

National Conference & Workshops

13. Cold mix technology for construction of rural roads in North East IRC Council Meeting, 1st May 2012, Kohima 14. Cold mix technology for construction of rural roads in Sikkim, Gangtok, 4 May 2012 15. Cold mix technology for construction of rural roads in North East, 3rd June 2012, Kohima

Name of Student
M Munshi hi Ramizaraj R i j M. M Abhishek Patidar Bilwal Hemant R

Affiliation
SVNIT Surat SVNIT, S SVNIT, Surat SVNIT, Surat

Title
Mechanistic M h i i evaluation l i on warm mix i design d i of f bituminous concrete using modified binder Laboratory performance evaluation of SMA using i warm mix i additive dditi Mechanistic Evaluation as bituminous concrete containing composite of fly ash and plastic waste Mechanistic evaluation of stone matrix asphalt containing fly ash and modified bitumen I fl f elastomeric l t i polymer l difi d Influence of modified binder on the thickness of bituminous layer Energy efficient bitumen emulsion technology for road construction Laboratory investigations and performance of SMA with modified binders Mechanistic evaluation of bituminous mixes containing different doses of reclaimed asphalt pavement

Patel Mehul B G d Si h Gagandeep Singh Payal Mazumdar Mansha Swami T. Anil Pradyumna

SVNIT, Surat A SIR CRRI AcSIR-CRRI Amity Uni. SVNIT, Surat AcSIR-CRRI

Name

Affiliation

Title Design of bituminous mix using reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) Material Testing of Highway Materials and Bituminous Mix Design Evaluation of Materials used in Road Construction Evaluation of Bituminous Road Construction Materials Analysis of surface profile and deflection profile under heavy loading condition diti using i accelerated l t d pavement t testing facilities Development of Warm Mixes Using Modified Binder Embedded Instrumentation for APTF for validation of IRC flexible Pavement

Vipin Sharma NIT Kurukshetra

Niharika Sood Bhawna

Kasturba Polytechnic of Woman N. Delhi Kasturba Polytechnic of Woman N. Delhi

Neetu Kumari Kasturba Polytechnic of Woman N N. Delhi Rahul Kumar NIT Patna

Balwant Singh Ajit Mishra

NIT Patna NIT Patna

Name of Student Shiv Modi Jatin Patel Athira P. P K K. Sarah Jay Amit Kumar Rai Manish Kumar Ahmad Arif Hanif Mayank Kumar Sayan Dhar Rahul Nair Vikash Kumar Adhishree Jain

B. Tech/M. Tech M. Tech (Tran. Eng. Plan.) M. Tech (Tranportation) M Tech (Transportation) M. M. Tech (Transportation) B Tech (Civil B. (Civil. Eng Eng.) ) B. Tech (Civil Eng.) B. Tech ( (Civil Eng.) g) B. Tech (Civil Eng.) B. Tech (Civil Eng.) B. Tech (Civil Eng.) B. Tech (Civil Eng.) B. Tech (Civil Eng.)

Affiliation SVNIT, Surat SVNIT, Surat Anna University Anna University NIT Patna NIT Patna VCTM Aligarh g NIT Hamirpur (H. P.) SRM Modinagar NIT Patna SRM Modinagar SRM Modinagar

Title
Investigation I ti ti Towards T d Assessing A i the causes and extent of failures of DSC road to keshar Garden Road between Sectors 42, , 43, , & 46 and 47-48 of Noida (CNP-1742) Investigation for flexible pavement design g for construction of bituminous road from live stock market to NH-24 via existing approach road of SLF site (CNP 1750) Ghazipur (CNP-1750) Evaluation of INSSTA PATTCH (pressure Sensitive Compound for instant repairs of Potholes) (CNP1751)

Sponsor
Noida N id Authority

PL
D Pundhir Dr. P dhi

DOC
A il 11 April-11

MCD

Abhishek Mittal

June-11

M/s Aksahay Innovation Nagpur Pvt. Ltd.

Abhishek Mittal

Oct - 11

Performance Evaluation (One time) Sona of Stabilized layer in NH NH-1 1 (CNP(CNP Enterprises 1754) Ltd. Gurgoan

Abhishek Mittal

Jan -12

Title
Feasibility Study on Use of Road cem for use in site stabilizaiton of soil Investigations for design of flexible pavement of road SQN DSC guard post to New Dispersal at CarNicobar (CNP-1696) Laboratory e Laborator evaluation al ation of Trinidad Lake Asphalt pellets in Bitumen Modification (CNP-1649) Verification of Bituminous Layers in Flexible Pavement of KothakotaKurnool Section of HyderabadBangalore (Ns-2/Bot/Ap-5) on NH-7 for Conformity (CNP-1836) (CNP 1836) Investigation For Causes of stagnation of water Near STP Channel from km 9500 to 10500 For remedial measures. (CNP-1799)

Sponsor
(M/S Powercem Technologies) M&S CarNicobar

PL
Ambika Behl

DOC
May - 11

M.N. Nagabhushana

Sept-11

Trindad lake asphalt West Indies IL&FS Transport. Networks Limited Ex. En. HUDA Division No. 11 Gurgaon g

Ambika Behl

March -12 12

MN Nagabhushana

May - 12

Dr. Pundhir

Jan - 12

Title
Investigation I ti ti for f the th causes of f premature failures of WazirpurFarukhnagar (km 0.00 to km 7.605) ) and DJ Road to Khandewla (km 0.600 to km 2.500)and suggestion for remedial measures. (CNP-1793) Consultancy for profile correction (camber correction)on Outer Ring Road (CNP 1798) from IIT to Modi Mill (CNP-1798) Investigation for Pavement design of Sohana road (Strengthening Measures & Services lane (pavement crust) of Sohana road (CNP-1757) Performance evaluation of bituminous concrete surfacing laid with SBS modified bitumne (PMB-40) on NH-1, Near Delhi

Sponsor
HSRDC Haryna

PL
Gi i h Sh Girish Sharma

DOC
D 11 Dec-11

Delhi PWD

Girish Sharma

Dec-11

HUDA Gurgaon

Dr. Pundhir

June-12

Hindustan Colas Ltd.

Dr. P. K. Jain

April-11 April 11

Title Improvements I t of f roads d at t I/A Bhiwadi (CNP-1761)

Sponsor RICO Rajasthan

PL D S Dr. Sangita it

DOC O t 11 Oct-11

Verification of Design of MES Flexible Pavement for VRDE Pune Test Track (CNP-1772) Evaluation of Microsurfacing Treatment on NH-10 (Delhi-Rohtak Road) between Punjabi Bagh and Mundka in Delhi (CNP-1774) Investigation for the causes of premature of KharaBanur (km 0.00 to km ) suggestions gg for 22.00)and remedial measures (CNP1781) PWD Delhi

M. N. OctNagabhushana 2011 j Gajendra Kumar Dec-11

Central Works Division Mohali

Dr.P K Jain

Jan 12 Jan-12

Project Title of the Project Number OLP 0433 Development and Application of Polymer Modified Binder with Improve Compatibility OLP 0439 Development of an Advance Technology to Produce and Lay Down the Asphalt Mixtures at Lower Temperatures and to Lower Down the Plant Emissions Occurring During Hot Mix Asphalt Process OLP 0442 Performance Evaluation of Test Section Laid with Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) Surfacing Under NDMC Area OLP 0459 Development of A Suitable Methodology in Terms of Repair Treatment of Defence Runway in Emergency OLP 0473 Modern Practices in Bituminous Road Construction OLP 0475 Modernisation and Infrastructure Up gradation of R&D Facilities in Flexible Pavement Division

Project Leader Ambika Bhel Ambika Bhel

M. P. Singh

N.K.S.Pundhir

P.K.Jain Ambika Behl

Project Title of the Project Number OLP 0496 Development of Methodology for Commissioning and Site Acceptance Test(SAT) of Heavy Vehicle Simulator(HVS) Type of APTF OLP 0501 Performance Evaluation of High Performance Mixes Laid at DSIIDC Industrial Area in Bawana OLP 0508 Study on Validation of IRC Pavement Design Method Using Heavy Vehicle Simulator(HVS) OLP 0520 Effect of Higher Axle Weight and Moduli variation of Pavement Materials on Fatigue and Rutting Life of Flexible Pavement OLP Development of composite from fly ash and plastic waste for bituminous road construction OLP Development of Low Energy Warm Asphalt Mixes using Foam Bitumen and Cationic Bitumen Emulsion

Project Leader M.N.Nagabhus hana Ambika & Girish Abhishek Mittal Satish Pandey

P. K. Jain

P. K. Jain

laboratory investigation on use of fly ash plastic waste composite in stone matrix asphalt and bituminous concrete (In-house project)

Objective of O f the study is to develop a composite from fly ash and waste plastic to use as filler in bituminous road construction as substitute of lime, cement and stone dust Scope include design of BC & SMA and d M h i ti Mechanistic evaluation
DSC curve of Plastic Waste

TGA and DSC curves of Plastic Waste


16 40 35 VCA/Airvoids V 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 2 6 8 10 4 Percent plastic waste in composite 12 Indirecttensil lestrength,Kg g/cm VCAofSMAmix AirvodsinSMAmix 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2

10

Percent plastic waste in composite

Effect of plastic waste on VCA and air voids of SMA mixture containing fly ash

Effect of plastic waste on indirect tensile strength values of SMA mixture containing fly ash

Indire ect tensile stren ngth ratio, %

93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 84 83 82 0 2 5 8 10 Percent plastic waste in compsite

9000 Resilient Modul R lus, MPa 8000 7000 5000 3000 1000 0 20

SMA2 8%PW

2%PW 10%PW

5%PW SMA1

6000 4000 2000

25

30 35 40 Temperature, C

45

50

Effect of plastic waste on indirect tensile strength ratio of SMA mixture containing fly ash
25C 9000 9 Resilient Modulus, M MPa 8000 7000 5000 3000 1000 0 0 1 2 3 % Plastic waste 4 5 6 6000 4000 2000 30C 35C 40C 45C

Effect of temperature on resilient modulus value of SMA mixture containing fly ash and different dosage of plastic waste
5 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 0 5000 10%WPINFA 10000 N of fC l No Cycles 15000 5%WPINFA 20000

Rut De epth (mm)

Effect of plastic waste on resilient modulus value of SMA mixture containing fly ash and different dosage of plastic waste

Progression of rutting as a function of passes in compacted SMA mixtures

Stability
1400 1200 Stabili ity 1000 800 600 400 200 0 45 4.5 5 55 5.5 Bitumen 6 65 6.5 995 1176 933 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 4.5 5

Flow value
4.1 3.1 3.4

Flowvalue

5.5 Bitumen

6.5

BitumenVsStability
Density
2.37 2.36 2.35 Density 2.34 2.33 2 32 2.32 2.31 2.30 4.5 5 5.5 Bitumen 6 6.5 2.35 2.36 2.35 Vv 4.5 4.0 35 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 5 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 4.5

BitumenVsFlowvalue
Volume of voids
4.1

2.8 2.4

5.5 Bitumen

6.5

Bitumenvs Density

Bitumenvs VolumeofVoids

Voids fill with Bitumen


86.00 84.00 82.00 VFB B 80 00 80.00 78.00 76.00 74.00 72.00 4.5 5 72.69 5.5 Bitumen 6 6.5 81.15 84.36

Sr Sr. No 1

Description Binder content corresponding to maximum Stability Binder content corresponding to maximum Bulk Density of mix (Gm) Binder content corresponding to 4.0 % Air Voids (Vv) in the total mix Average

Bitumen (%) 5.5

5.5

50 5.0 5.33

Bitumenvs VoidsfillBitumen
1600 1400 1200 Stability 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2.41 1480 2.40 2.40 13322.39 8 1280.5 2.38 2.38 1036.5 2.37 2.37 2.36 2.35 2.34 2.33 2.322.32 2.31 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 W Waste plastic l i content(%) (%) 6

OBCofBCmix

1,5.5 5 4 Density 0.75,3.5 Vv stability Density 3 2 0.25,1.5 1 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 0.5,2.4

Wasteplasticcontent(%)

WasteplasticcontentVsStabilityandDensity

WasteplasticcontentVsVolumeofvoids

83.00 82.00 81.00 80.00 79.00 78.00 77 00 77.00 76.00 75.00 74.00 73.00

82.43

86.00 84.00 82.00 TSR 80.00 7 7 78.27 78.00 76.00 74.00

84.72

Retained dStability(kg)

76.52 7 5

withoutplasticwaste withplasticwaste

withoutplasticwaste plasticwaste

withoutplastic h l waste

withplastic h l waste

without h plastic l waste

plastic l waste

BCMIX

BCMIX

BCMIXVsRetainedStability
14.00 12.00 10.00 Load(Kg) 8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00 withoutplasticwaste BCMIX plasticwaste 8 68 8.68 6.86 DryAvg WetAvg 11.88 10.20 Re esilientmodulas 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 25 4554.5 4554 5 7000 6108 6000

BCMixVsTSR

4407

2862 1742.5 1742 5 1529.5

withoutpl withpl

35 Temp

45

BCMixVsLoad

Temp.VsResilienceModulas atdifftemp

7000 permentd deformation 6000 Resilient tModulas 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 25 35 Temp 45 6108 4554.5

4407 2862 1742.5 1529.5 Withoutpl withpl

0.2 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0

0.19

0.14 0.12 0.09 0.06 0.09 WithPLwaste WithoutPLwaste

25

35 Temp

45

Temp.VsResilienceModulus
80 70.37 70 60 Recovery(%) ) 50 40 30 20 10 0 25 35 TempC 45 35.29 23.68 53.84 54.54 41.00 withpl withoutpl Modulas 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Tempvs permanentDeformation
15.83 15.8 14.31 13.62

9.34 6.95 WithPLwaste WithoutPLwaste

25

35 TempC

45

Tempvs permanentDeformation

Tempvs permanentDeformation

Number of Cycles to failure


NumberofCy yclestofailure 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 withoutplasticwaste BCMIX withplasticwaste 334835 Ru utDepth 298390

4.50 4.00 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Cycle Withpl nopl 3.91 3.29

ComparativeofNumberofCycletoFailure

CycleVsRutDepth

DSCCURVE

TGA CURVE

Conclusions and Recommendations


Fly ash can be used as filler in place of traditional lime in Stone Matrix Asphalt p and bituminous concrete Properties of fly ash as well as SMA and BC mix can be improved by coating fly ash with plastic waste The optimum content of plastic waste in composite is 8% by weight of fly ash Incorporation of plastic waste in excess of 8% led to increase in VMA and air voids in compacted mixture Plastic waste in fly ash led to increase in values of indirect tensile strength to resist cracking Incorporation of plastic waste in fly ash enhance values of MR at 35 C and 45 C Mechanistic analysis of three layered structure indicate TBR in the range of f 1.65 to 1.70 Plastic waste reduces rutting in SMA and BC mixtures considerably. SMA and BC containing composite can be used as wearing surface and bituminous base course subjected to heavy traffic for flexible pavements

Laboratory Performance of low energy warm bituminous concrete and stone matrix Construction t i asphalt h lt for f Road R dC t ti

10000 Viscos sity(Pa.s) 1000 100 10 1 0.1 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 PMB40 180 Temperature(0C) 1.5%additive 1%Additive

1700 1600 1500 1400 1300 1200 1100 1000 900 800 100 110 1.5%additive 120 130 2%additive 140

Stabili ity(Kg)

Temperature( C)
2.5%additive

2%Additive

Viscosity Temperaturerelationship curveofPMBandblends


5.60 5.40 5.20 96 94 92 90 88 86 84 100 110 %Rediset R di 1.5% 120 130 %additive ddi i 2% 140 82

Effectofmixingandcompaction temperatureonstabilityofmix
95 93

AirVoids(% %)

5 00 5.00 4.80 4.60 4.40 4.20 4.00

89 87

Temperature( C)
%Rediset R di 2.5%

RetainedStability(%) Controlmix(pmb) ( )

TensileStrengthRatio(%) Warmmix(pmwma) ( )

Effectofmixingandcompaction temperatureonairvoidsofmix

Comparisonofretainedstabilityand ITSofcontrolandwarmmix

0.7

Deform mation (mm)

06 0.6

Creep Modul lus (MPa)

0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000

45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

40.19 27.11 16.25 6.71

25.73

12 42 12.42

Control Warm Control Warm Control Warm mix mix mix mix mix mix 25C 35C 45C

Controlmix(pmb)

Time (Sec) Warmmix(pmwma)

28

Resilient t Modulus (Mp pa)

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Typicalcreepcurveofcontroland warmmixat45C
56 43 60 56

Effectoftemperatureoncreepmodulusof controlandwarmmix
73 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 20 30 35 40 45 Temperature (C) mix(pmwma) Control mix(omb) Warm 25 50

Recovery y (%)

Control mix 25

Warm mix

Control mix 35

Warm mix

Control mix 45

Warm mix

Effectoftemperatureoncreeprecovery ofcontrolandwarmmix

EffectoftemperatureonMRvalue ofcontrolandwarmmix

6 00 6.00 5.00 Rut Dept th (mm) 4.00 3 00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0 00 0.00 0 5000 10000 cycle 15000
Warm mix(pmwma)

5.16

350000 300000 250000

2.70

200000 150000 100000 50000 0

20000

Controlmix PMB40

Warmmix

Control mix(pmb)

RuttingbyWheelTrackingtestin controlandWarmmix
1.80 1.60 Viscosity, (Pas) Resilient Mo odulus (MPa) 1 40 1.40 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 90 100 110 120 130 140 Temperature C Temperature,
2.0% additive

Flexuralfatigueteston controlandwarmmix

5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 20 25 30 35 40 Temperature (C)


CRMB WCRMB

150

160

170

45

50

CRMB 60

1.5% additive

2.5% additive

Effect of temperature on viscosity of CRMB and blends with additive

Effect of warm mix additives on Resilient Modulus of CRMB 60 mixture

3.50

Conclusions and Recommendations


Rut De epth (mm)

3 00 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 0 5000


CRMB

3.06 3.08

Thi study This t d highlights hi hli ht the th advantage d t of f using i warm mix additive in CRMB mixes for bituminous road construction. The temperature of CRMB for

spraying, mixing, and rolling can be reduced up to 30C by adding 2% additive by weight of CRMB.

10000 Cycle

15000
WCRMB

20000

Effectofwarmmixadditiveon ruttingofCRMBmixture

The modified CRMB mix with 2% additive prepared at lower temperature (120C) has high resistance to permanent deformation and higher rate of creep recovery at high temperature f f bituminous mixes. Crumb C f indicating better performance of Rubber modified bituminous mixes are showing better resistant to rutting, fatigue cracking and damage due to ingress of moisture. Laboratory y p performance of crumb rubber modified bitumen ( (WAM) ) is better than traditional crumb rubber modified bitumen mixes indicating suitability of these mixes for road construction under heavy traffic. Since, modified CRMB mixes can be prepared and placed at lower temperature, fuel f saving and carbon credit is inevitable. CRMB C based warm mixes can be brought from long distance for paving as these can be laid and compacted at 30C lower temperature.

Conclusions and Recommendations


The viscosity of pmb at spraying, mixing, and rolling temperature can be reduced considerably by adding 2% surfactant type organic additive. Th modified The difi d mix i with ith 2% surfactant f t t has h hi h resistance high i t t to permenant deformation and higher rate of recovery at high temperature indicating better performance of bituminous mixes. Polymer modified bituminous mixes are having better resistant to rutting, fatigue cracking and damage due to ingress of moisture than conventional mixes.. Laboratory performance of polymer modified bitumen warm asphalt mixes is better than conventional polymer modified bitumen mixes indicate suitability of these mixes for road construction under heavy traffic.

Full Scale Performance Study on SBS Modified and Conventional Bitumen in Bituminous Concrete Surface Subjected to Heavy Traffic (SSP-4451)

Objective of the study is to monitor long term periodic performance of SBS modified bitumen vis--vis VG-30 grade bitumen under heavy traffic conditions and to determine progression of deterioration Study is conducted in laboratory as well as in i field fi ld using i 8 test t t sections ti and d 4 control sections between ISBT and GT Karnal mode
90 8 7

TestSection Number 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 1B 2B 3B 4B 5B 6B

Carriageway DelhiKarnal(LHS) DelhiKarnal(LHS) DelhiKarnal(LHS) DelhiKarnal(LHS) DelhiKarnal(LHS) DelhiKarnal(LHS) KarnalDelhi(RHS) KarnalDelhi(RHS) KarnalDelhi(RHS) KarnalDelhi(RHS) KarnalDelhi(RHS) KarnalDelhi(RHS)

Chainage(KM) 9.7509.950 10.00010.200 11.50011.700 13.00013.200 14 40014.600 14.400 14 600 15.00015.200 9.7509.950 10.00010.200 11.50011.700 13.00013.200 14.40014.600 15.00015.200

BinderType Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS) Neat(60/70) Neat(60/70) Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS) Neat(60/70) Neat(60/70) Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS)

Particulars of Test Sections Laid on NH-1


Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS) UnModified UnModified Modified(SBS) Modified(SBS) Linear(Modified(SBS)) Linear(Modified(SBS)) Linear(UnModified) Linear(UnModified)

TotalSu urfaceDistre ess

80 MillionSt tandardAxles 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 0 20 40 60 Time(Months) 80 MSALHS MSARHS Linear(MSALHS) Linear(MSARHS)

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

2 0 2 4 6 8

10 Linear(Modified(SBS))

PerformanceObservationNo.LHS Relationshipbetweenprogressionsofsurface distresswithpassageoflimeinLHScarriageway.

ProgressionofMSAwithpassageoftime.

8 7

118 Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) UnModified

6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Performanceon100Poi int Scale S

TotalSurf faceDistress s

98 78

Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un M difi d Modified Un Modified Modified (SBS) 2 4 6 8 10

58 38 18

UnModified

1 2 0 2 4 6 8 10

Modified (SBS)

2 0

PerformanceObservationNo.RHS
118

PerformanceObservationNo.LHS
1.2 Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un Modified Un M difi d Modified Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) 1 0.8 Roughnessm mm/km 0.6 0.4 04 0.2 0 1 2 TestSectionNo.LHS 3

ProgressofDistress.

RelationshiponPerformance Ratinganddurationofservice

Performan nceon100Po ointScale

98 78 58 38 18 2 0 2 4 6 8 10

Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un Modified Un Modified

PerformanceObservationNo.RHS Relationshipbetween performancesrealignedduration

3498 1.2 2998 1 0.8 Rough hnessmm/km 0.6 0.4 02 0.2 0 1 3000 2500 2000 Roughnessmm/km 1500 Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un Modified Un Modified Modified (S S) (SBS) Modified (SBS) 2 TestSectionNo.RHS 3498 2998 3 2498 Modified 1998 (SBS) Modified 1498 (SBS) Un Modified 998 Un Modified Modified 498 (SBS) 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un M difi d Modified Un Modified Modified (SBS)

Roughn nessmm/km

PerformanceObservationNo.LHS Relationshipbetweenprogressof roughnessandpassageoftime


Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un Modified Un U Modified Modified (SBS) 0 2 4 6 8 10

1998 1498 998 8 498 2

1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9 TestSectionNo.LHS

Roughn nessmm/km m

2498

PerformanceObservationNo.RHS Relationshipbetweenprogressionof roughnessandpassageoftime

Relationshipbetweenprogressionof roughnessandpassageoftime

3500 3000

1.5 1

Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un Modified Un Modified Modified (SBS)

2500 2000 Rou ughnessmm/km m 1500

1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 TestSectionNo.RHS 6 9

Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) Un Modified Un Modified Modified (SBS)

0.5 1

Defl lactionmm

0.5 0

1.5 2 0 1 2 3 4

PerformanceObservationNo.RHS ChangeinDeflectionwithpassageoftime

Relationshipbetweenprogressof roughnessandpassageoftime
1.5 1

Modified (SBS) Modified (SBS) UnModified

Defl lactionmm

0.5 0

0.5 1 UnModified

1.5 2 0 1 2 3 4 Modified (SBS)

PerformanceObservationNo.LHS ChangeinDeflectionwithpassageoftime

ATypicalViewofTestSectionLaidonNH1

RuttingTestUsingWheelTracking SysteminProgress

ConstructionofTestSectioninProgress(December2005)

View of Test Section No. 1A in July 2008 (SBS Modified Bitumen)

p View of BC Surface at Test Section No. 5A in July y 2008 A Close Up (SBS Modified Bitumen)

Measurement of Roughness Using Fifth f Wheel Bump Integrator

Heavy Traffic Volume and Loads Using NH-1

Cracking on Test Section No. 5B

Conclusions and Recommendations


Rheological properties of SBS modified bitumen (SHRP parameters) indicates higher fail temperature as compared to conventional 60/70 bitumen. bitumen PMB-40 PMB 40 (SBS modified) qualifies as PG-76 grade indicating its suitability for a pavement subjected to highest pavement temperature of 76 C which is maximum temperature in India. Properties of mixes (strength parameters) like Marshall stability, Marshall Quotient, Indirect tensile strength of SBS modified mixes are higher than conventional bitumen mixes Resistant modulus of SBS modified mixes at different temperatures is 1.25 1 25 to 1.75 1 75 times higher compared to 60/70 bitumen Rutting of SBS modified mix is half (6.2 mm) as compared to conventional 60/70 grade bitumen mix (12.1 mm). Static creep results also support these values. Progression of roughness and distress is less in case of SBS modified bitumen as compared to 60/70 bitumen. bitumen Deflection of SBS modified bitumen pavement is less as compared to conventional bitumen. Pavement Serviceability Index of SBS modified bitumen after 5 years and conventional bitumen after 3 years is same, indicating 2-3 years extension in life of surfacing under heavy traffic and high pavement temperature conditions

Title

Sponsor

PL D Pundhir Dr. P dhi

DOS 01/11/07

Demonstration D t ti and d field fi ld trials ti l Ai force Air f for emergency repair of (HQ) runway at Pune and Jaisalmer (SSP 4485) (SSP-4485) Investigation for causes of failure and suggesting remedial measures for strengthening of 80m R/W road from G. T. Road to Alipur N l Road R di t DDA Narela i.e. up to office complex, Narela (CNP1788) Field Performance on warm mix technology using emulsion on 1.0 km. stretch vis-a-vis i i 1.0 10K Km stretch t t h with ith hot mix in Gujarat (SSP-4493) DDA

Dr. Sangita

01/09/11

Elsamax Dr. Sangita & India Ltd. Dr. Pundhir

01/09/11

Title Investigation I ti ti for f Causes C of f Distress and provoding remedial meausre on the main Runway of flexible pavemen at NSCBI Airport, Kolkata (CNP1771)

Sponsor Airport Ai t Authority of India

PL
M. N. M N Nagabhushana

DOS
1/07/11

Investigations for the Causes of Jaipur Pre-Mature Failure of Mahal Develop. Road Jaipur for Remedies. Authority (CNP 1839) (CNP-1839) Consultancy for Profile Correction/ Strengthening/Improvement of Roads taken over by PWD from MCD (CNP-1835) PWD Govt. of Delhi

M. N. M N Nagabhushana

1/05/12

P K Jain

1/04/12

Title
Consultancy C lt f for preparation ti of f Job Mix Formula for Bituminous Concrete (TypeD12) ) with PMB ( (SBS-70), ), Bituminous Concrete (Type-F8) with Bitumen VG-30,Semi Dense Bituminous Concrete SDBC (T (Type-S20) S20) and d laboratory testing of PMB-40 (SBS-70) (CNP-1843) Use of plastic waste in road construction by Haryana PWD (B&R) (SSP-4496) Vetting of pavement design for rehabilitation strengthening and planning of Jammu Udhampur section of NH-1 (CNP-1847)

Sponsor
RITES

PL
M P Singh Si h

DOS
1/05/12

Haryana PWD AFCON

M P Singh

1/03/12

Dr. P. K K. Jain Dr P

1/06/12

Title
Implementation I l t ti of f know k How H Polymer Modified Bitumen and Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen (CNP-1775) Field evaluation of evotherm wma technology (one test trial laid in Godhara-Gujarat, second test trial in Delhi and 2nd proposed trial within 500 km from Delhi), two locations (CNP-1804) Laboratory Evaluation of Ready Mix Product (CNP-1846) Engineering Suitable overlay to serve as chipper substitute of bitumen mastic (SSP-4483) Investigation for providing overlay on main road for Sec 71, 72 51 72, 51, 52 Xing Sec 121 121, 122 122, hvigation Pusta Noida

Sponsor
Hotcrete H t t Hyderabad

PL
D P Dr. P.K. K J Jain i

DOS
1/7/11

Mead Westvac India Ltd. Pune

Ambika Behl

1/11/11

Hindustan Colas Indian Jute Institute Kolkata Noida Authority Noida

Ambika Behl Abhishek Mittal

1/5/12 1/11/11

Dr. Pundhir & M. P. Singh

1/6/12

Title

Sponsor

PL
Satish Pandey

DOS
1/7/11

Investigation for flexible pavement NDMC design of (i) Road surface in Khan Market Area, (ii) Road of B.K. Dutt colony, ALiganj Colony, Lodhi Colony and d back b k lane l of f Jor J Bagh B h Colony, C l other colony service roads in sub Division-3area(iii)Retendan Lane between Amrita Shergill Marg and Prithvi Raj Road Back Lane of 75 to 86 Lodhi Estate Road at S.B Marg. (CNP-1778) I ti ti for f the th causes of f Investigation distresses developed on DelhiJaipur NH-8 between km 144.770 to km 181.33 and suggestions for remedial meausres (Approx 15 km length, one carriageway) (CNP-1769) Laboratory and field evaluation of shell thiopave (CNP-1690) (CNP 1690) U it Unity Infrastructure Ltd.

G j d Gajendra Kumar

1/6/11

Shell Technology India Pvt .Ltd

Ambica Behl

27/7/10

Technical Workshops
One day Workshop on Sustainable Technologies g for Road Construction in North East September 19th, 2012 at Jorhat, Assam Two Days T D W k h Workshop on Sustainable S t i bl Technologies for Road Construction in North-East February 4th and 5th, 2012 at Agartala, Tripura Workshop on Cold Mixed Technology 4 May in Gangtok Workshop on Cold Mixed Technology 3 June Kohima Kohima-2012 2012 (Nagaland) Sustainable Road Technologies for Mumbai, 10 Jan 2012 Benefiters Utilities Potential of APTF

F t Future Program P of f the th Division Di i i


12th Plan Projects DST P Project j t on APTF NRRDA Project on APTF Ongoing Projects Projects in Pipeline Standardization and Specification work New In-house Projects and Ongoing In-house Projects AcSIR Academic Program

Work Package No. Work Package Title Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists Objectives:

WP - 9

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Materials Information and Management System (MIMS) on Aggregates and Binders for Bituminous and Cement Concrete Roads Development of GIS based Materials Information CSIR-CRRI 15

To generate data through testing aggregates and binder samples procured from various sources available in selected parts of India Development of GIS based Materials Information and Management System on road aggregates and bituminous binders for Bituminous and Cement Concrete roads

Description of work : Task 9.1: Study of available road construction materials (aggregates and Binders) and their procurement from selected parts of the country Task 9.2: Evaluation of various aggregate, cement and bituminous binders for high performance properties

and also as per code of practice Task 9.3: Development of GIS based Materials Information and Management System on road aggregates and bituminous binders for Bituminous and Cement Concrete roads Deliverables: Data Base on properties of aggregates and binders collected from selected parts of the country GIS based Materials Information and Management System (Software) Publications and Technical reports

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type (s) Activity y Leaders ( ) Participating Scientists /TO (initials may be used)

T 9.1

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 18

y of available road construction materials ( gg g (aggregates and Study Binders) from different parts of the country and their procurement Review, Compilation of data and Procurement of Materials R.K.Srivastva, , Dinesh Ganvir, , Alok Ranjan j JB SAN MP DG SK AR AS AP DT PKJ

Objectives: The main objective of this task is to Study of available road construction materials Procurement of materials from selected p parts of the country y

Description of Task/Activity : Study on performance based characteristics of aggregates and binders Review and compilation of data available on road construction materials

Procurement of Aggregate samples(50 locations) and Binders of various grades(20 locations being used in construction of roads in selected parts of the country Deliverables: Technical report

Research Task No. Task Title

T 9.2

Start - End Dates

Month 19 to 48

Evaluation of various aggregate and cement samples as per BIS and MoRTH and bituminous binders as per IS-73 2006

Activity Type Activity Leaders (s)

Empirical tests and performance studies Sudesh kumar, J.B Sengupta and Satish Pandey SP MP DG AR RKS AS AP DT PR

Participating Scientists SAN /TO (initials may be used)

Objectives: The main objective of this task is to Laboratory study for empirical and performance related properties for aggregates and binder

Description of Task/Activity : Evaluation of materials as per respective code of practice e.g evaluation of various aggregate

and cement samples as per BIS and MoRTH and bituminous binders as per IS-73 2006 Deliverables: Data Base on properties of aggregates, cement and bitumen currently being used. Publications

Research Task No. Task Title

T 9.3

Start - End Dates

Month 25 to 60

Development of GIS based Materials Information and Management S t System on road d aggregates t and d bituminous bit i bi d binders f Bituminous for Bit i and d Cement Concrete roads Development of software A M h Rao R and d Devesh D h Tiwari Ti i A. Mohan SAN SP NJ DG RKS BKD JB

Activity Type A ti it Leaders L d ( ) Activity (s) Participating Scientists /TO (initials may be used)

Objectives Obj ti : The Th main i objective bj ti of f this thi t task kd development l t of fd database t b about b t road d aggregates, t bit bituminous i binders for Bituminous and cement concrete roads. Development of GIS based software for retrieval of material information Description of Task/Activity : Preparation of Spatial data for road aggregates sources selected for study Design of data structures for road aggregates and binders for Bituminous and cement concrete roads Integration of spatial and attribute data of all aggregates and binders. Development of material information system in GIS environment Development of software for retrieval of material information system Deliverables: Spatial data road aggregates sources Integrated database in GIS environment of the road aggregates and binder materials GIS based material information retrieval software

Work Package No. Work Package Title Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists Objective:

WP - 10

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Innovative Technologies for Utilization of Waste and Marginal Materials in Road and Embankment Construction Laboratory investigations, Pavement design, Test tracks, Guidelines CSIR-CRRI 10 CSIR-CLRI 1 CSIR-CSIO 1

1. Design and construction guidelines for utilization of waste & marginal materials for embankment & road construction. Description of work : 1. Task 10.1: Characterization of abundantly available waste and marginal materials 2. Task 10.2: Utilization of industrial wastes for g geotechnical applications pp 3. Task 10.3: Structural design of embankment and pavement crust with waste and marginal materials 4. Task 10.4: Performance evaluation of test sections constructed using selected waste and marginal materials through application of APTF. 5. Task 10.6: Conversion of Chromium containing g solid waste generated g in leather industry y into pavement materials for transport applications Deliverables: 1. Physical, chemical, Geotechnical and strength characteristics. 2. Embankment designs g under traffic, saturation and seismic conditions. 3. Design specifications for use of wastes in sub base, Base and wearing courses. 4. Cost-effective pavement designs with waste /marginal materials. 5. Long term performance evaluation by APTF 6. Construction and design guidelines for utilization of waste/marginal materials for road construction

Work Package No. Work Package Title Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists

WP - 10

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Innovative Technologies for Utilization of Waste and Marginal Materials in Road and Embankment Construction Laboratory investigations, Pavement design, Test tracks, Guidelines CSIR-CRRI 10 CSIR-CLRI 1 CSIR-CSIO 1

Objective: 1. Design and construction guidelines for utilization of waste & marginal materials for embankment & road d construction. t ti Description of work : 1. Task 10.1: Characterization of abundantly available waste and marginal materials 2. Task 10.2: Utilization of industrial wastes for geotechnical applications 3. Task 10.3: Structural design of embankment and pavement crust with waste and marginal materials 4. Task 10.4: Performance evaluation of test sections constructed using selected waste and marginal materials through application of APTF. 5. Task 10.6: Conversion of Chromium containing solid waste generated in leather industry into pavement materials for transport applications Deliverables: 1. Physical, chemical, Geotechnical and strength characteristics. 2. Embankment designs under traffic, saturation and seismic conditions. 3. Design specifications for use of wastes in sub base, Base and wearing courses. 4. Cost-effective pavement designs with waste /marginal materials. 5. Long term performance evaluation by APTF 6. Construction and design guidelines for utilization of waste/marginal materials for road construction

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activitity Leaders (s)

T 10.2

Start - End Dates

Month 18 to 30

Utilisation of industrial wastes for geotechnical applications Laboratory investigation, Design and analysis P. S. Prasad

Participating P ti i ti Scientists S i ti t S Sudhir dhi Mathur, M th Dr. D Kishor Ki h Kumar, K K Kanwar Si h Dr.Ch.Ravishekar, Singh, D Ch R i h k Alok Al k Ranjan & Prema Prasad, S.Mariyappan. /TO (initials may be used) Objectives: Evaluation of the coefficient of interaction between geosynthetics, G.I. Strips and industrial wastes for reinforced earth wall applications Description of Task/Activity : Collection of selected Industrial wastes Study of physical, chemical and geotechnical characteristics Laboratory pullout tests Design of reinforced earth walls / reinforced earth slopes and Retaining walls Development of design specifications for utilisation of industrial wastes for various geotechnical applications Deliverables: Physical, chemical, geotechnical characteristics of waste/marginal materials Design Charts for reinforced earth wall and reinforced earth slopes

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activitity Leaders (s)

T 10.3

Start - End Dates

Month 30 to 42

Structural design of embankment and pavement crust with waste and marginal materials Data analysis, Embankment design, Pavement design Dr Vasant G.Havanagi & Sh.Sudhir Mathur

Participating Scientists /TO Nagabushan, Abhishek Mittal, U.K.Guruvittal (initials may be used) Objective: 1 Standardization of pavement design procedures for utilization of waste/marginal materials for road 1. construction Description of Task/Activity : 1. Review of pavement design procedures for utilization of unsterilized/ stabilized materials for road construction 2. Design of pavement using Indian Roads Congress procedures. 3. Design of pavement as per AASHTO, and other reviewed design procedures 4. Optimization of pavement thickness by using waste/marginal materials. 5 5. S d di i Standardization of f pavement design d i procedures d f for utilization ili i of f waste/marginal / i l materials i l for f road construction 6. Deliverables: State of art report on pavement design procedures. Design D i guidelines id li as per Indian I di and d other th international i t ti l procedures d Recommendations for optimum design.

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activitity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists /TO (initials may be used) Objectives: 1.

T 10.4

Start - End Dates

Month 42 to 57months

Performance evaluation of test sections constructed using selected waste and d marginal i l materials t i l through th h application li ti of f APTF Field performance evaluation Dr Vasant G Havanagi & Nagabushan U.K.Guruvittal, Kanwar Singh, A.K.Sinha, Alok Ranjan, Abhishek Mittal

Long term performance evaluation of test tracks constructed with waste materials.

Description of Task/Activity y: 1. 2. 3. 4. 4 5. Construction of experimental test tracks with selected waste materials Instrumentation of experimental test tracks Evaluation of various performance parameters under different traffic conditions. Data D t analysis l i and d interpretation i t t ti Development of design and construction guidelines for use of waste and marginal materials in road construction. Deliverable. Performance data of designed experimental test tracks. Design and construction guidelines for use of waste and marginal materials in road construction

1. 2.

T 10.5 Start-End Dates 1 to 60 Months Conversion of Chromium containing solid waste generated in leather industry into pavement materials for transport applications Activity Type Design, Development, Installation and Demonstration of Continuous Feeding Double Pyrolysis I System for gasification of leather waste to obtain chromium containing solid aggregate for Transportation Applications. Activity Leaders (s) Dr G. Dr. G Sekaran, Sekaran Chief Scientist, Scientist CLRI, CLRI Chennai Participating Scientists / Mr. C. Sethuraman, Senior Scientist, CSIO Chennai Unit TO (Initial may be used) Objectives: 1. Conversion of Chrome tanned solid leather waste materials into useful products 2. Generation of clean energy from the hazardous solid waste 3. Development of solid aggregate for transport Description of Task / Activity: 1. Characterisation of chromium containing leather solid waste materials such as Chrome Shaving, Cutting and trimming and Buffing Dust. 2. Design of double pyrolysis continuous feeding system (DPCFS) -insitu stabilizer for solid leather waste. 3. Fabrication of DPCFS as per the design developed in this network programme 4. Determinations of boundary variables for process and energy optimization. 5 5. Measurement of energy and process parameters through online monitoring system.. system Deliverables: 1. Design guidelines 2. Product, Technology transfer, Patents

Research Task No. Task Title

Work Package No. Work Package Title Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists Objective: 1. 2.

WP - 11

Start - End Dates

Month 9 to 60

Improved Design Methods and Materials/ Mixes towards achieving Reduced pavement Thickness Laboratory investigations, Pavement design, Test tracks, Guidelines CSIR-CRRI 5

p g specifications p p Improvement of existing of materials and mixes for flexible pavements Development of design templates with reduced thickness of bituminous layers

Description of work : Task 11.1: Improvement of sub-grade and sub-base material using nano-technology and new generation additives. Task 11.2: Development of bituminous mixes with high elastic modules, enhanced fatigue and life reduced rutting rutting. Task 11.3: Design Methods for Reduction of Thickness of Flexible Pavements

Deliverables: New and Innovative high performance materials for flexible pavement Guidelines for Design and Construction of sustainable pavement with reduced thickness to save aggregates

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists/TO (initials may be used)

T 11.1

Start End Dates

1 to 12 Months

Improvement of sub-grade and sub-base material using nanotechnology and new generation additives. Laboratory Study Dr P. Dr. P K. K Jain MNN VH GK GS RKS

Objectives: 1. Improvement of existing specifications and materials for pavement construction Description of Task/Activity: Improvement of sub-grade and sub-base material using nanotechnology and new generation additives Deliverables: Guidelines and specification for improvement of available materials for construction of sub-grade and sub-base sub base for reduction of pavement thickness SCI Publications

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists/TO (initials may be used)

T 11.2

Start End Dates

1 to 24 Months

Development of bituminous mixes with high elastic modules, enhanced fatigue and life reduced rutting. Laboratory Study Dr. P. K. Jain SP AM DT GK GS

Objectives: 1. Improvement of existing specifications, materials and mixes Description of Task/Activity: D l t of f bit i i ith high hi h elastic l ti modulus, d l h d fatigue f ti lif and d reduced d d Development bituminous mixes with enhanced life rutting of pavement Deliverables: Technology for high performance bituminous materials and mixes for reduced thickness of bituminous layers Patent, SCI Publications and New specification

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activity Leaders (s)

T 11.3

Start End Dates

13 to 60 Months

Design Methods for Reduction of Thickness of Flexible Pavements Laboratory and Field Study Dr. P. K. Jain

Participating Scientists/TO MNN KB SP GK GS (initials may be used) Objectives: 1. Development of design templates with reduced thickness of bituminous layers Description of Task/Activity: Analytical design of pavement using high modulus mixes, improved sub-base and sub-grade Construction of test strips with reduced thickness as well as standard design method Observation of performance by Accelerated Pavement Testing Facilities Full scale performance studies Development of new pavement designs Estimation of savings in cost, energy and carbon credit

Deliverables: Guidelines for Design and Construction of Sustainable pavement with reduced thickness Innovative Design, Patent

Work Package No. Work Package Title Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists

WP - 12

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Development of Technology for Superior Performing Bituminous Pavements Technology Development CSIR-CRRI 04

Objectives: 1. The main objective of the proposed study is to evolve a technology that addresses effectively the primary distress mechanisms of bituminous pavements in order to improve the condition of our roads and optimise our resources, to meet the present day demands of road transport of having a road network with good condition. Description of work : Task 12.1: To develop experimental-both lab and semi-field- as well as analytical methodologies for bituminous mix design and characterisation Task 12.2: techniques for mixes, enhanced T k 12 2 Development D l t of ft h i f better b tt performing f i bituminous bit i i h d pavement life and assessment of service life Task 12.3: Establishment of a knowledge base for adopting of improved technology Deliverables: A technology system based on reliable evaluation method

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type A ti it Leaders Activity L d (s) ( ) Participating Scientists/ TO (initials may be used)

T 12.1

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 12

Development of experimental and analytical methodologies for bituminous mix design and characterisation Laboratory and semi-field evaluation S ti h Pandey Satish P d Dr. P.K.Jain K.Sitaramanjaneyulu M.N.Nagabhushana M

Objectives: 1 1. To develop experimental-both lab and semi-field- as well as analytical methodologies for bituminous mix design and characterisation Description of Task/Activity : To formulate systematic and sequential experimental methodologies that are essential for characterization of basic materials and bituminous mixes Deliverables: Input parameters for evolving better performing flexible pavements

Research Task No. T k Title Task Titl Activity Type Activity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists/ TO (initials may be used)

T 12.2

Start - End Dates

Month 12 to 50

Development p of techniques q for better performing p g bituminous mixes, , enhanced pavement life and assessment of service life Developmental M N Nagabhushana M.N.Nagabhushana 1) 2) 3) Dr. P.K.Jain K.Sitaramanjaneyulu Dr.Devesh Tewari

Objectives: 1. Development of techniques for better performing life and p q p g bituminous mixes, enhanced pavement p assessment of service life Description of Task/Activity : Based on findings of Task 12.1, to develop practical methods of enhancing pavement performance and service life by improved bituminous mixes and verifying the same by assessment of service life by evaluation techniques Deliverables: Technologies for better bituminous pavements

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type Activity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists/ TO (initials may be used)

T 12.3

Start - End Dates

Month 51 to 60

Establishment of a knowledge base for adopting of improved technology Creation M N. M. N Nagabhushana 1) 2) 3) Dr. P.K.Jain K.Sitaramanjaneyulu Dr.Devesh Dr Devesh Tewari

Objectives: 1. Establishment of a knowledge base for adopting of improved technology Description of Task/Activity : By consolidating the prime findings of Task 12.1 & 12.2, to create a knowledgebase that can serve as a basis for all futuristic developmental studies in the related field of superior p g bituminous p performing pavements Deliverables: A well conceived knowledgebase

Work Package No. g Title Work Package Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists Objective: 1 1. 2. 3. 4.

WP - 13

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Warm and Half Warm Mix Technology gy for Road Construction Laboratory investigations, Pavement design, Test tracks, Guidelines CSIRCRRI 5

D Development l t of fd design i methodology th d l for f warm and d half h lf warm mixes i Mechanistic properties of optimized compositions Performance evaluation of warm mixes and half warm mixes by field studies Development of design guidelines/ specifications

Description of work : Task 13.1: Development of Warm half warm Mix based Technologies for Road Construction Task 13.2: Performance Monitoring of Test sections of warm and half warm mixes

Deliverables: Design procedure for half warm and warm mixes Guidelines and Specifications for warm and half warm mixes

Research Task No. Task Title Activity Type

T 13.1

Start End Dates

Month 1 to 18

Development of Warm and half Warm Mix based Technologies for Road Construction. Design and Mechanistic Evaluation of Warm and Half Warm Mixes

Activity Leaders (s) Dr. NKS Pundhir and Ms Ambika Behl Participating Scientists/TO (initials NKS SAN AB MPS may be used)

PKJ

GK

GS

Objectives: Obj ti 1. Optimization of warm and half warm mixes for use in bituminous courses Description of Task/Activity: Characterization for engineering properties of warm and half warm mixes Estimation of carbon footprint

Data analysis and preparation of guidelines/ specifications Deliverables: Guidelines and specifications for half warm and warm mixes for road construction

Research Task No. Task T k Title Titl Activity Type Activity Leaders (s)

T 13.2

Start End Dates

Month 36 to 60

Performance Monitoring P f M it i of f Test T t Section S ti Field Study Dr NKS Pundhir and Ms Ambika Behl Dr. MPS PKJ KB

Participating Scientists/TO NKS SAN ABB (initials may be used) Objectives: 1. Validation of design by full scale field trials of warm mixes 2. Framing of guidelines/ specifications for warm mixes Description of Task/Activity:

Laying of test sections and control section with warm mixes and cold mixes with different specifications Estimation of carbon footprints Periodical post construction performance monitoring of test sections and control section

D li Deliverables: bl Guidelines and specifications

Work Package No. Work Package Title Activity Type Participants Number of Scientists

WP - 14

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in Construction and Maintenance of Roads Designing Guidelines CSIR-CRRI 02

Objectives: 1. To develop design guidelines to use Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in Construction and Maintenance of flexible Roads of work : Description p 1. Task 14.1: Characterization (physical and chemical) and Development of Mix Design to use RAP material in Road Construction 2. Task 14.2: Performance Evaluation of RAP test section with APTF and Design Manual/ Guidelines Development G id li D l t Deliverables: Design guidelines to use Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in Construction and Maintenance of flexible Roads

Research Task No. T k Title Task Titl Activity Type Activity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists/ TO (initials may be used)

T 14.1

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Characterization of RAP material and Development p of Mix Design g to use RAP material in Road Construction Characterization and Design Dr P. Dr. P K. K Jain PKJ MN AM SP AB

Objectives: Obj ti 1. To characterize (physical and chemical properties) and development of mix design to use RAP material in road construction Description of Task/Activity : Characterization (physical and chemical) of RAP material extracted from different sources/pavements of different aging characteristics so as to identify deficiencies therein. Development of Mix Design with varying RAP content, their characterization and formulation of optimum proportion of RAP Deliverables: Specification of rejuvenating agents and bituminous mix containing RAP Optimized mix design for flexible pavement layers using recycled materials

Research Task No. T k Title Task Titl Activity Type Activity Leaders (s) Participating Scientists/ TO (initials may be used)

T 14.2

Start - End Dates

Month 1 to 60

Performance Evaluation of RAP test section with APTF and Design g Manual/ Guidelines Development Evaluation and Design Guidelines Sh Satish Pandey Sh. PKJ MN AM GK GS

Objectives: 1. To construct test strips with recycled materials and carry out performance evaluation of RAP test section with APTF 2. To develop a Design Manual/ Guidelines to use RAP material in Road Construction Description of Task/Activity : Design and Construction of test sections with identified RAP proportions and their performance evaluation using APTF Performance Evaluation of the test section with APTF Design Manual/Guidelines on the use of RAP in road construction Deliverables: Design guidelines to use Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in Construction and Maintenance of Roads and save aggregate

1. Guideline for use of bitumen emulsion and cold mixes for construction and maintenance of roads. (New code for IRC, H-6 Committee): ) 31 July y 2012 2. Revision of IRC: 82-1984 Maintenance of bituminous pavement: (IRC H-6 H 6 Committee) 30 September 2012 3. Compendium on pavement preservation techniques (IRC H-6 committee): 30 September 2012 4. Submission of Project Proposal pavement preservation technique to be submitted to MoRTH (As agreed in H-6 H 6 meeting held on 16 July 2012) 5. Project P j proposal l upgradation d i of f IS 15462:2004 1 462 2004 Polymer P l and d Rubber R bb Modified Bitumen under submission to BIS (PCD committee)