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BBS norm 02.05.3028

NORM:

TOEPASSING VAN ALUMINIUM FOLIE ONDER ISOLATIE VOOR STAINLESS STEEL EQUIPMENT EN PIPING (PERNIS)
Objective & scope

CD&A Classificatie CMS HSE kritisch MOC

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Nee Unrestricted Nee Ja Nee

Noodplan Risico Veiligheidsrapport WWW-Aannemers

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Objective Prevention of external chloride stress corrosion of stainless steel equipment and piping. Scope Description of the requirements for application of aluminum foil under thermal insulation for austenitic stainless steel equipment and piping.

Parties involved

The performers of the work process: Shell Pernis plants The local process owners (Department Process focalpoints) OMC

Questions or improvements

For questions about the activities in this amendment or ideas on how to improve them, please contact: OMC van jouw afdeling, of met Inspection and Materials Manager (DMS/742) This document is, according to the Risk Matrix, potential (M)iddle. The risk is covered by this document and by training and application of this document. Last revision A Date 01-11-2012 Reason What: Why: Where: Target: More revision information Eerste uitgave, hiermee vervalt 04.00.3049 Gesplitst van Moerdijk en over naar een ander BBS proces -

Risk

Revision info

Ownership & Administration

Owner and content manager of this document are - respectively - the Site Process Owner (SPO), the Site Process Focalpoint (SPFP). The Work Process Team (WPT) consists of the Department Process Focalpoints (DPFPs) and Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) from the work process Pressure Equipment Integritry (PEI). Function (Reference Indicator) Owner Engineering Assurance Manager (DMS/74) Administrator Inspection and Materials Manager (DMS/742) Members of the WPT OMC (DMS/71OD4) OMC (DMS/71DU4) HOPTA (DMS/71WH3) Role in the workprocess SPO PEI

SPFP PEI

DPFP voor PEI (vertegenwoordiger OMC-netwerk) DPFP voor PEI (vertegenwoordiger OMC-netwerk) SME voor TA & Projects (vertegenwoordiger HOPTA-netwerk)
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BBS norm 02.05.3028

Coordinating Inspector ROM & RHP (DMS/7422) Maintenance Supervisor RHP (DMS/723) Production Supervisor (DMS/71BO1)

SME voor Inspectie (vertegenwoordiger DMS/74) SME voor Maintenance (vertegenwoordiger DMS/72) SME voor Operatie (vertegenwoordiger Supervisor-netwerk)

Inhoudsopgave

1. 2. 3. 4.

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................. 3 CONTEXT AND REFERENCES ......................................................... 3 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS ............................................... 3 DOCUMENT TEXT .............................................................................. 4

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BBS norm 02.05.3028

1.

INTRODUCTION
Coating of equipment and piping shall be selected and applied in accordance with BBS 04.00.4054 (new equipment) or BBS 04.00.4053 (maintenance). The preferred option for protection against chloride stress corrosion cracking of stainless steel equipment and piping shall be application of thermal sprayed aluminium (TSA). Aluminium foil can be used as an alternative in lieu of TSA to provide a physical barrier between austenitic stainless steel and the thermal insulation, but only after consultation with and approval of the civil engineering department. Organic coatings to protect stainless steel equipment and piping from external stress corrosion cracking shall only be considered when neither TSA nor its alternative of aluminium foil wrapping are technically viable options.

2.

CONTEXT AND REFERENCES


Engineering guides and specification 19 GS-51.

3.

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS


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4.

DOCUMENT TEXT
19 GS-51 Application of Aluminum Foil Under Insulation for Stainless Steel Equipment and Piping Approved Aug 05

Engineering Guides and General Specifications

19 GS-51 Application of Aluminium Foil Under Insulation for Stainless Steel Equipment and Piping Table of contents
1. General 1.8 Existing Equipment and Piping 2. 3. Materials Application 1.1 Scope 1.2 References 1.3 Related Documents 1.4 Definitions 1.5 External Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking 1.6 Temperature Considerations 1.7 New Equipment and Piping Appendix 1 Suppliers List Appendix 2 Application DOs and DONTs

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BBS norm 02.05.3028

1.
1.1

GENERAL
Scope This General Specification (GS) covers requirements for application of aluminum foil under thermal insulation for austenitic stainless steel equipment and piping. Comment: Aluminum foil can be used in lieu of conventional organic coatings that are used to provide a physical barrier between the austenitic stainless steel and the thermal insulation. Aluminum foil provides some physical barrier but acts primarily as a sacrificial anode to provide electrochemical (cathodic) protection against external chloride stress corrosion cracking. References Applicable requirements in the following referenced standards and specifications shall be considered an integral part of this GS. Unless otherwise specified, the latest edition/revision of the standards/specifications shall be used. Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) SP-1 Solvent Cleaning International Organization for Standardisation (ISO) EN-ISO 12944 Paints and Varnishes Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by Protective Paint Systems for EU

1.2

1.2.1

1.2.2

1.3

Related Documents CINI Handbook Insulation for Industries 2005. BS 5970:2001 Code of Practice for Thermal Insulation of Pipework and Equipment in the Temperature Range of -100C to +870C.

1.4

Definitions 1 mil .001 inch 40 mils equals 1000 microns or one millimeter

1.5

External Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking 1. External chloride stress corrosion cracking (ECSCC) is cracking that may occur in austenitic stainless steel with or without insulation. 2. If there is corrosion under insulation (CUI), ECSCC is the result of ingress of water and chlorides. Chlorides are introduced if the insulation contains chlorides from manufacture and/or ingress of chloride containing water.

Comment: ECSCC is the same as chloride stress corrosion cracking (Cl-SCC) that can occur in austenitic stainless steels and certain other austenitic alloys exposed to aqueous, chloridecontaining environments above 120F (50C). 1.6 Temperature Considerations Applicable temperature range for use of aluminum foil under insulation is 120F (50C) to 400F (200C) for continuous service and 900F (480C) for cyclic conditions. Comment: Aluminum melts at 1215F (657C). Austenitic stainless steel is not susceptible to Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME) when in contact with pure grades of molten aluminum. Zinc must be present in the aluminum to cause LME. 1.7 New Equipment and Piping 1. New uncoated austenitic stainless steel surfaces to be covered with aluminum foil shall be cleaned in accordance with SSPC SP-1 or EN-ISO 12944. 2. 3. 4. Cleaning shall remove all dirt, oil, grease, salts, moisture, chemicals, and other contamination. Chlorinated solvents shall not be used for cleaning. Abrasive blasting is not required.

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1.8

Existing Equipment and Piping 1. Existing coated austenitic stainless steel surfaces to be covered with aluminum foil shall be washed with low pressure water cleaning (LPWC). 2. LPWC shall remove grime, loose and chalky paint, salt contaminants, and loose rust. If fresh water (water with less than 250 ppm chlorides) is used for LPWC, the surfaces shall be rinsed with water containing less than 10 ppm chlorides. LPWC shall be done with the water nozzle approximately perpendicular to the surface. Comment: Using excessive pressure and low nozzle angle may cause undue damage to the existing coating. Comment: Demineralized water may be used to clean chloride contamination from uncoated stainless steel. 4. 5. Existing aluminum foil shall be completely removed. Surfaces to be covered with aluminum foil shall be inspected for sharp edges, weld spatter, and protuberances. If any such conditions exist, the purchaser shall have them ground smooth or rounded.

3.

2.

MATERIAL
1. 2. 3. Aluminum foil shall have an aluminum content of 99%, equivalent to Alloy 1100. Aluminum foil shall have a minimum nominal thickness of 2.5 mils (64 micrometer) or 46 swg. Self-adhesive foil may be used for complex configurations, such as vessel heads and attachments. Adhesive shall contain less than 10 ppm chlorides. No other adhesive or sticky tape is allowed unless it contains less than 10 ppm chlorides.

3.

APPLICATION
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Aluminum foil shall be applied as soon as practical after the surfaces are cleaned. Foil shall not be applied if the cleaned surface temperature is less than 5F (3C) above the dew point. Unless otherwise specified, foil shall not be applied if the relative humidity is greater than 85%. Personnel who apply the foil shall wear gloves to avoid touching the stainless steel surfaces with bare hands. Torn or damaged foil shall not be used. Foil shall be applied as tightly as possible without any creases. Where partial coatings exist, stainless steel wire shall be used to hold the foil in place. Wire shall be grounded to equipment/piping flanges. Comment: The aluminum foil cannot provide electrochemical protection against chloride stress corrosion cracking unless there is elektrical contact between the foil and the metal. Paintings or coatings may act as an insulator and should preferably be removed unless sufficient elektrical contact exists between the aluminum wrapping and the austenitic stainless steel. 8. 9. Foil shall be applied prior to installing elektrical or steam tracing. Foil shall be applied bottom to top so that it sheds water.

10. Foil shall be applied so that it has a minimum overlap of 2 in. (5 cm) at joints. 11. Insulation and weatherproof finish shall be applied immediately after the foil is applied. 12. Application DOs and DONTs are provided in Appendix 2.

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APPENDIX 1: SUPPLIERS LIST


Alcan Aluminum Corp. Alcan Light Gauge Products 5901 North 13th St, Terre Haute, IN 47805 440 423-6800 http://www.alcan.com Alcoa Inc. Alcoa flexible Packaging, Louisville Foil Plant Louisville, KY 41211 412- 553-4545 or Richmond, VA 23224 804- 230-5200 Coastal Aluminum Rolling Mills, Williamsport, PA 17701 570-323-4430 Corus Aluminium Rolled Products Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, GBT 7W9 819-373-6363 Ekco Products, Clayton, NJ 856-881-3600 J W Aluminum Co Holly, SC 29419 Charleston, SC 843-572-1100 Norandal USA, Inc Franklin, TN 615-778-2000 Premium Foil Products Co Louisville, KY 502-459-2820 Republic Foil Danbury, CT 203-743-2731 EU (NL) Supplier Hanko Handelmaatschappij BV Postbus 6904 4802 HX BREDA Charles Petitweg 39 4827 HJ BREDA bedrijfsnummer 9530

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19 GS-51 Application of Aluminum Foil Under Insulation for Stainless Steel Equipment and Piping Approved Aug 05

Appendix 2 Application DOs and DONTs

DOs
A p p l y f o i l b o tto m to to p so it sh e d s w a t e r

D O N T s

F o i l sh a l l b e a p p li e d so t h a t it h a s a m i n i m u m ov e r l a p o f 2 a t j o in ts. F o i l sh a l l b e a p p lied a s ti g h tly a s p os si b l e w i t h ou t a n y c r e a se s o r w r i n k l e s.

>2

F o i l sh a l l b e a p p li e d p r i o r t o i n st a l l i n g st e a m or e l e c t r ic a l tr a c in g

F o i l sh a l l b e a p p li e d p r i o r t o i n st a l l i n g su p p or t s or ot h e r b ol t e d ob j e c t s.

A d a p t f o i l si z e t o d i a m e te r t o p r e v e n t w r in k l e s.

W h e r e p a r t ia l c o a ti n g s e x i st , st a i n l ess st e e l w i r e sh a l l b e u se d t o h old t he f o i l i n p la c e . W i r e sh a l l b e g r ou n d e d t o e q u i p m e n t /p i pi n g f l a n ge s.

Engineering Guides and General Specifications

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terug naar voorblad Revisie informatie Revisie Datum Reden

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