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Figurative Language

Terms and Definitions


By Janessa Senn
Figurative Language
llgurauve language ls Lhe non-llLeral use of
language. lL creaLes a deeper meanlng ln a
LexL (poem, sLory) because lL forces readers Lo
look beyond Lhe face-value" of a word or
phrase.
Simile
A slmlle ls a comparlson of unllke Lhlngs uslng
llke" or as."

Lxamples:
Per LeeLh are as whlLe as snow.
1he car was hoL llke a sauna.
Metaphor
A meLaphor ls a comparlson of unllke Lhlngs LhaL
does !"# use llke" or as."

Lxamples:
uanny was a monsLer on Lhe eld yesLerday.
lellcla ls lce cold.
Extended Metaphor
An exLended meLaphor ls a comparlson of Lwo
unllke Lhlngs LhaL conunues LhroughouL a serles
of llnes ln a poem.

Lxamples:
All Lhe world's a sLage, and all Lhe men and women
merely players, 1hey have Lhelr exlLs and Lhelr
enLrances, And one man ln hls ume plays many
parLs." (Shakespeare's $% '"( )*+, -#)
Personification
ersonlcauon ls when human quallues are
glven Lo lnanlmaLe ob[ecLs and anlmals.

Lxamples:
1he wlnd whlsLled Lhrough Lhe Lrees.
1he wlse owl.
Hyperbole
A hyperbole ls an exLreme exaggerauon.

Lxamples:
We had a Lon of homework lasL nlghL.
l'm so hungry l could eaL a whale.
Alliteration
AlllLerauon ls Lhe repeuuon of a slmllar
consonanL sound

Lxamples:
1he Wlcked WlLch of Lhe WesL was on her way.
eLer lper plcked a peck of plckled peppers.
$%%"!.!/, *% #0, 1,2,33"! "4 . %*5*6.1 7"8,6
%"(!9
Onomatopoeia
An onomaLopoela ls a sound word.

Lxamples:
knock-knock
8uzz
8oom
Symbol
An symbol ls an ob[ecL LhaL represenLs an
absLracL ldea.

Lxamples:
A hearL (ob[ecL) represenLs love (absLracL ldea)
A rose represenLs beauLy

Imagery
lmagery ls Lhe words and/or phrases LhaL creaLe a
menLal plcLure Lhrough descrlpuons LhaL appeal Lo
seelng, hearlng, smelllng, Lasung, and/or feellng
(Lhe ve senses).

Lxamples:
1he gushlng brook sLole lLs way down Lhe lush green
mounLalns, doued wlLh uny owers ln a rloL of colors
and Lrees comlng allve wlLh gally chlrplng blrds.

Oxymoron
An oxymoron ls when Lwo conLradlcLory or
conLrasung concepLs are placed LogeLher and
make sense.

Lxamples:
Small forLune
8luer sweeL
reuy ugly
!umbo Shrlmp
Mood
Mood ls Lhe feellng LhaL ls creaLed ln Lhe poem
or sLory.

Lxamples:
Pappy
Sad
!ealousy
Scared
Tone
1one ls Lhe auLhor's amLude.

Lxamples:
Serlous
Sarcasuc
Popeful
Crlucal
Scary/spooky
Theme
1heme ls Lhe overall meanlng or message of Lhe
poem.
Rhyme Scheme
8hyme scheme refers Lo Lhe parucular order ln
whlch parucular words rhyme.

Lxamples:
1here was an Cld Man wlLh a beard,
Who sald, "lL ls [usL as l feared!-
1wo Cwls and a Pen, four Larks and a Wren,
Pave all bullL Lhelr nesLs ln my beard.

Stanza
A sLanza ls a poeuc paragraph LhaL conslsLs of
Lwo or more llnes of poeLry.


Verse
A verse ls a llne of poeLry.