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, 28 we ruled that the sale of a leased property places the vendee into the shoes of the original lessor to whom thelessee bound himself to pay. The vendee acquires the right to evict the lessee from the premises and to recover the unpaid rentals after thevendee had notified the lessee that he had bought the leased property and that the rentals on it should be paid to him, and the lessee refusedto comply with the demand. G.R. No. L-17125 November 28, 1966
BERNABE MIRASOL, plaintiff-appellant, vs. ANTONIO MAGSUCI, BIBIANO LA GO !"# CRISANTA NATAL, defendantsappellees. Cirilo Doronilla and Alfredo Arungayan, Jr. for defendants-appellees. Luis Lazaro for plaintiff-appellant. REGALA, J.: This is an appeal from the decision of the Court of irst !nstance of !loilo dismissing the plaintiff-appellant"s complaint for unlawful detainer under Civil Case #o. $%&$. 'n May 2, (%)&, *ernabe Mirasol filed with the Municipal Court of !loilo an action for unlawful detainer, with prayer for damages, against the defendants-appellees herein *ibiano +aygo, ,ntonio Magsuci and Crisanta #atal. ,fter trial, -udgment was rendered in favor of the plaintiff. The above-named defendants were ordered to vacate the premises in question and to pay for the use and occupation of the same. 'n appeal to the Court of irst !nstance of !loilo, the above decision was reversed, against which reversal the plaintiff perfected an appeal. !n the #otice of ,ppeal, the plaintiff stated that he was appealing to the .upreme Court. /owever, somehow, the records of this case were transmitted to the Court of ,ppeals. This latter court, on noting the above, certified the case to this Court which accepted it under its resolution of 0uly 28, (%&1. The land in dispute refers to a 2,28& square meter lot situated in the 2istrict of Manduriao, !loilo City. !t is registered with the !loilo 3egistry under the names of 0ose and ,suncion Miraflores, brother and sister and both deceased, for 24) and $4) shares respectively, as +ot #o. 2)5) of the Cadastral .urvey of !loilo. 6ntil the filing of the case at bar with the Municipal Court of !loilo, the respective shares of the above co-owners were still unsegregated. 'n 0une (), (%)), the heirs of 0ose Miraflores, namely7 2esiderio, +eticia and 0osefina, all surnamed Miraflores, conveyed in absolute sale to the plaintiff-appellant, *ernabe
therefore. (%)&. !n the original as well as in the renewed contracts. but this time in their capacity as devises and legatees of their aunt. !n dismissing the complaint. on 0une (&. verbal or written. !n .$< years. *ut with respect to the $4) portion of said lot. had leased to the herein defendants-appellees the latter"s 24) share in the aforementioned lot. the ownership of the $4) portion of said lot 2)5) is still under litigation between the heirs of =ncarnacion Miraflores on one hand and 2esiderio Miraflores and his two sisters on the other. among others. on condition that. The . entered into a 8contract to sell8 . 'nly the agreement with appellee . however. 'n .pecial :roceeding #o. (%)). (%)&.suncion"s share in the abovementioned lot with the same plaintiff-appellant.ntonio Magsuci. through their attorney-in-fact. (%)(. renewable for another two. (%)%. was reduced to writing. the heirs of 0ose Miraflores. had no longer any authority to convey or encumber the same. *ernabe Mirasol. the other two defendants having merely entered into an arrangement with 0ose Mesa whereby. . (%)). is assailed by the plaintiff-appellant as null and void on the ground that at the time of its e9ecution.suncion Miraflores.eptember (). This agreement of March 2$. though. !t turned out that on ebruary &.ntonio Magsuci. the parties e9pressly agreed that the leased portion would be used to put up a gasoline station. the plaintiff wrote a letter to the defendant-appellee . (%)). 2esiderio Miraflores wrote a letter to the plaintiff-appellant to advise him of the rescission of the above contract to sell in view of the latter"s failure to pay 8for all the e9penses8 incurred in the proceedings over . they were allowed to stay in the premises in question. . though. 'n March 2$. all three defendants were served letters of demand to vacate the premises in question by the plaintiff and when the said defendants refused to do so.ubsequently. ((&$. the leased property had already been sold to the appellant and 0ose Mesa. *ibiano +aygo and Crisanta #atal. . requesting that the latter"s rental for the property occupied by him under lease contract mentioned above be paid to him or his lawyer inasmuch as he had bought the said property from the said defendant"s lessors.$< years. This option was e9ercised so that the lease was e9tended up to ebruary &. The contract with defendant . .suncion Miraflores. (%)&.ugust %. the plaintiff initiated the case at bar. or until ebruary &. (%)). however. the trial court held7 There is no dispute that the plaintiff is the owner of 24) undivided portion of lot 2)5) of the cadastral survey of !loilo.11 a month. however. 0ose Mesa. the latter"s 24) share therein.ntonio Magsuci re-ected the above request on the ground that he never had any agreement.suncion"s will. the same children of 0ose Miraflores.ugust 22.Mirasol. There are no records of similar correspondences between the plaintiff and the other defendants. with the plaintiff. 'n . the plaintiff cannot claim absolute ownership of same for the reason that the contract to sell is not a final deed of sale which gives rise to the claim of absolute ownership of the land by the plaintiff. 'n . 0ose Mesa renewed the said agreement for another three . day later. the latter would advance the e9penses necessary for the probate of the will of . The case is still pending before the Court. for :).ntonio Magsuci was for a period of three .
This ma>es the claim of ownership of the plaintiff precarious indeed. the new owner. !t being shown that the plaintiff has no absolute and definite claim of ownership of over $4) portion of the land? there being no positive proof that the gasoline station of the defendant is built in the 24) portion belonging to the plaintiff? the defendant had been paying the rentals due in accordance with the contract of lease which is due to e9pire in (%)% this action for unlawful detainer is premature. but the fact that the gasoline station e9isted long before the deed of promise to sell was e9ecuted is a more effective and concrete notice to the plaintiff of the e9istence of the lease rights of the defendant Magsuci. the latter must pay the agreed rental to the new owner . upon the purchase of a leased property. !t is not. too.8 That gasoline station could not have lawfully been constructed elsewhere.=9h. To begin with. after all. . there and there only could the defendantappellees constructed the gasoline station mention in the lease contract. 2esiderio Miraflores and his two sisters cannot e9ecute a final deed of sale in favor of the plaintiff.2e 0esus vs.ociedad. the e9istence of a lease agreement over the 24) portion. and proper notice by the vendee to the lessee. the portion of the property leased by the heirs of 0ose Miraflores to the defendants-appellees and from which the latter are sought to be re-ected is the very same 24) portion sold in absolute sale by the said heirs to the plaintiff-appellant. involved in any way in the only defense asserted by defendants-appellees7 namely. !f the will is not probated. Consequently. 2$ :hil. it is entirely immaterial that it is unsegregated from the totality of the whole parcel and that the ownership over the remaining $4) portion is unsettled since the said defendantsappellees" right to stay in the premises in question is confined and limited to the 24) portion pertaining to the plaintiff-appellant. @herever else per A to the entire lot might the said 24) portion be ultimately designated. . 'n top of this predicament is the move of 2esiderio Miraflores in withdrawing the promise to sell the $4) portions of the land to the plaintiff. it will not matter the least who and where the remaining $4) of the lot is finally located. Then. To be sure. and contrary to lower court"s ruling. The plaintiff may contend that the contract of lease was not duly registered in the office of the 3egister of 2eeds and there it has no effect on him. *esides. @hen. . notwithstanding such notice the herein appellees refused to pay their respective rentals to the plaintiff-appellant. !t should be borne in mind that the 24) portion belonging to the plaintiff is not as yet segregated and we cannot say that the gasoline station of the defendant is built e9actly on said 24) portion belonging to the plaintiff. therefore. the original lease provides that the lessor shall ma>e a reservation in the deed of sale that the purchaser shall be bound to respect the lease. ((<. @e find for the plaintiff-appellant.conditional contract to sell is predicated on the final probate of the will of deceased . there need be 8no positive proof that the gasoline station of the defendant is built in the 24) portion belonging to the plaintiff. 5&< since the sale places the vendee into the shoes of the original lessor to whom the lessee bound himself to pay.suncion Miraflores. Thus.
!n connection with the abovementioned notice given by the plaintiff-appellant to the herein defendants-appellees..ll these.!2=3!' M!3. the rentals on it should be delivered to him. were no longer the owners of the same.'+ . obliged the said appellees.. @hen they failed to do so. it may be mentioned that the said appellees had absolutely no ground to disbelieve or even doubt the truth of the plaintiff"s claim of ownership over the leased property nor his right to the rentals therefor. @e hold. .11 a month.pril (C. we find merit in the plaintiff-appellant"s contention that the agreement of March 2$. the rent should be computed at the rate stipulated in the said original contract. the decision appealed from is hereby reversed.< *=3#. it also had. inally. the plaintiff-appellant acquired the right to evict them from the premises and to recover from them the unpaid rent. the said heir"s attorney-in-fact..ntonio Magsuci had actual notice of. :rior to this date. therefore. . Civil Code< .the latter became entitled to evict the lessees from the premises and to recover from them the unpaid rent thereon. that the plaintiff-appellant"s notice to the herein appellees sometime in .tty.gd. Bellada. . below the letter. the following note7 @ith our conformity7 .rt. +'3=. e9tending the lease period up to (%)%. as lessees to comply with the demand. when the original lease contract. the Miraflores" attorney-in-fact. @hile the said notice was signed by the plaintiff"s counsel. (%)&. The defendants-appellees are directed to vacate the premises in question and to pay the herein appellant the amounts above-specified up to and until the said appellant shall have actually recovered . . . (&85. by then.< 2=. the rent of :(1. was null and void. The increase in rent demanded by the plaintiff-appellant from the defendant-appellee . therefore. @/=3= '3=.ntonio Magsuci should begin to run only from ebruary &. e9pired.. was on a month to month basis. surnamed Miraflores<. as demanded by the plaintiff-appellant in his letters to them of . or the defendants *ibiano +aygo and Crisanta #atal.*= M!3. !t should be recalled that the sale in favor of the plaintiff-appellant of the very same property involved in the above lease agreement too> place on March 2$.ugust (%)) that he had bought the leased property and that. as e9tended pursuant to the option therein granted to the lessee. (%)&.gd. (%)& between . +eon :. may be allowed to start from the date their receipt thereof considering that they had no formal contract with the heirs of 0ose Miraflores and that their informal arrangement with 0ose Mesa. 0ose Mesa no longer had any authority to contract for the said property since he was merely the attorney-in-fact of the Miraflores who. (%)&.ntonio Magsuci and 0ose Mesa.for himself and for +eticia and 0osefina.
!anc"ez and Castro.. plus legal interest from the filing of the complaint and costs.. Barrera. J..from them the possession of the said property. Concepcion.. concur. Dizon. J. Makalintal.J. . too> no part. JJ. C. Bengzon. Zaldi ar.P.
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