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A 35o API distillate is being transferred from a storage tank at 1 atm absolute pressure to a pressure vessel at 50 psig by means

of the piping arrangements shown in figure. The liquid flows at the rate of 23100 lb/hr through 3 inch Schedule 40 steel pipe; the length of the straight pipe is 450 feet. Calculate the minimum horsepower input to the pump having an efficiency of 60 percent. The properties of the distillate are: viscosity = 3.4 cP, density = 52 lb/ft3. The following are the data for the pipe and fittings: For 3 inch Schedule 40 Nominal pipe, OD = 3.5 inch; Thickness = 0.216 inch Flow coefficients for the fittings (K) are: Gate valve = 0.25; 90o elbow = 0.9; Check valve = 10 Friction factor can be calculated from Blasius equation. Account for entry and exit losses also.

Conversion Factors 1 feet 1 lb 1 inch 1 centipoise 1 atm 1 atm g Data given: Mass flow rate Density Viscosity Pipe OD Pipe thickness Pipe length r m 23100 52 3.4 3.5 0.216 450 lb/hr lb/ft3 cP inch inch feet = = = 0.3048 0.454 0.0254 0.001 14.7 1.01E+05 9.812 m kg m kg/m.sec psi N/m2 m/sec2 Converted data: 2.913167 kg/sec 3 833.7087 kg/m 0.0034 kg/m.sec

L

=

137.16 m

Vertical height Pump efficiency (in fraction) Loss coefficient of Gate Valve Loss coefficient of elbow Loss coefficient of check valve Valve z1-z2 70 feet 0.02735 m 0.077927 m 2 3.401361 3 0.61 Q v NRe f 1.6 0.068 inch 50 psig 3.00349 m /sec 0.45E+05 N/m 34013.00684 m 0.3985 m 0.27351 m 0.00726 = = 0.561 m 1074.81 Watt .9 10 = 21.76642 m 22.01094 m 0.7326 m/sec 13999 0.02735 m 1.25 0.04923 m 0.336 m Pipe ID Pressure at 2 Calculations: Volumetric flow rate Velocity Reynolds Number Friction factor hf of pipe v2/2g hf of Gate valve hf of 2 number of elbows hf of Check valve hf of sudden contraction at inlet hf of sudden expansion at outlet Total frictional head Pump head Minimum power for the pump D P2 3.