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# EC456 – Power System Protection Lab #1 –Overcurrent Protection Relay

Learning Objectives: • • • • • • Understand the building blocks of a numerical protection relay Understand the HMI of the relay. Establish communication between the numerical relay and computer o Setting the relay o Monitoring the relay status Set the relay parameters for the given system Inject balanced rated load to the relay and monitor its measurement online Test IDMT characteristics of the relay and plot the theoretical and actual IDMT characteristics

Equipments used 1. SEL351 – Overcurrent relay 2. SEL – AMS relay low voltage test kit

Pre-lab assignment For the section of the power distribution system shown in Figure 1 below, find the current pick-up, time dial for relay Ra. The setting of relay Rb is given below. Use the IEC normal inverse curve given by Equation 1.1 for co-ordination.

t = TD

0.14 ⎛If ⎜ ⎜I ⎝ p ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠
0.02

Equation 1.1

−1

Where: M= ⎜

⎛If ⎜I ⎝ p

⎞ ⎟ – Multiple of pick-up setting ⎟ ⎠

TD– Time dial setting Setting of relay Rb: Pick up setting = 5A; Time dial = 0.3

Figure 1. Pre-lab assignment.

Procedure Understanding the relay setting 1. 4. VB. The selection on the top dialog box must be set to “1” ECE 456b – Lab #1 / 2008 2 . Open “AcSELerator” software. Go through the Group 1\Set 1\ General Settings menu and check the relay general settings: Figure2. VC) PT ratio. for communicating with the SEL351 relay (icon on the desktop). Go through the Group 1\ Set 1\ Phase Time –Overcurrent and check if Time Delayed Phase Overcurrent element is enabled (51T).equivalent to the ratio of (10.00 (11. 2.000A : 5A) B B • PTR Phase (VA. select Lab#1) 3.equivalent to the ratio of (11. PRT : 1 100.000/110) . General settings The relay has been set previously to the following data: • CTR Phase (IA. CTR:1 2000 .000V : 110V) Change the phase and neutral CT ratio for the relay Rb defined in the Pre-lab. IC ) CT Ratio . Open the setting file “Lab #1” (In Settings => Open. IB.

Figure3. Output contact settings ECE 456b – Lab #1 / 2008 3 .0 Change the pick-up setting and time dial setting for the relay Rb defined in the Pre-lab.02 sec −1 • The time dial setting is set to 1. Check the programming of the output contacts in the Group1\Logic 1\Output Contacts section of the setting file.14 ⎛If ⎜ ⎜I ⎝ s ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ 0.00 A The IDMT curve is selected as “C1” (IEC normal inverse) t = TD 0. The OUT 101 Output Contact supposed to be set to TRIP. Figure 4. Phase Time –Overcurrent settings • • The pick-up setting is set to: 5. 5.

5. With the software running. 6. IB. Front Panel settings 4.5 and phase angles of A. ECE 456b – Lab #1 / 2008 4 . On the front panel of the SEL-351 relay press “METER” button and read the data from the LCD display.choose the one below. Open the front panel control interface of SEL-AMS from “Run=>Front Panel Mode” Figure 5. -120 and 120 degrees respectively. 7. There are two “File” menus in Figure 4 . -120 and 120 degrees respectively. Save setting file and send it to the relay SEL-351. Start SEL-5401 software (icon on the desktop). 8. VB and VC to 63. Reset the SEL-351 relay by pressing the TARGET RESET button on the front panel of the relay. Injecting a balanced load to the relay 1. 3. IC) to 1. On the Front Panel set the three phase current values (IA.6. Then select “Send” from the same “File” menu and transfer settings file to the device. First from “File” menu select “Save” and store it in Lab#1_Rb.00A and set the phase angles of A. Set the three phase voltages VA. B and C phases to 0. B and C phases to 0. switch to the “AccSelerator” window and select “Meter & Control” from HMI menu to monitor the relay status on-line. We will use SEL-AMS relay low voltage test kit to test the relay 2. This procedure takes few minutes. Press the start button on the software window.

3. Meter and Control window. the relay is being tested for 5 faults.RTA file from the C:\ECE 456\Lab#1 directory). ECE 456b – Lab #1 / 2008 5 . You have the loaded IDMT test file. 4. 8 and 10) 2. Through this test.Figure 6. Testing the IDMT characteristics 1. select IDMT. Read the data from HMI window. 10. Go through the 12-stage test sequence of the loaded “IDMT” file and understand what is being done. (M=2. 9. Switch to the SEL-5401 software and stop the signal injection from the “Front Panel” module. Observe the three phase currents and voltages measured by the relay and compare with the values injected (Remember that the relay will display the values in primary). 6. which was created to test the operating time of the relay and plot the IDMT characteristics. 11. From the SEL5401 software open the pre-created “IDMT” test file (File => Open. Close the “Front Panel” module alone.

Note down the operating time of the relay from the result displayed after the test is completed. Test results ECE 456b – Lab #1 / 2008 6 . The measurements for each of the test stages are displayed on a Result window (Figure 8). Download the test file and run the test by going to “Run \ Download Test and Run it “ on the top menu bar. Figure 8. Wait for the testing to complete.Figure 7. Testing sequence settings 4. 6. Observe what happens. 5.

8. Plot the expected and obtained curves on the graph sheet. 9. Verify the obtained result with the expected theoretical value.7. Repeat the entire experiment for the relay Ra defined in the Pre-lab. ECE 456b – Lab #1 / 2008 7 .