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REPUBLIC ACT No.

3844 AN ACT TO ORDAIN THE AGRICULTURAL LAND REFORM CODE AND TO INSTITUTE LAND REFORMS IN THE PHILIPPINES, INCLUDING THE ABOLITION OF TENANCY AND THE CHANNELING OF CAPITAL INTO INDUSTRY, PROVIDE FOR THE NECESSARY IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES, APPROPRIATE FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES PRELIMINARY CHAPTER TITLE DECLARATION OF POLICY AND COMPOSITION OF CODE Sectio !. Title - This Act shall be known as the Agricultural Land Reform Code. Sectio ". Declaration of Policy - It is the policy of the State !"# To establish owner-culti$atorship and the economic family-si%e farm as the basis of &hilippine agriculture and' as a conse(uence' di$ert landlord capital in agriculture to industrial de$elopment) !*# To achie$e a dignified e+istence for the small farmers free from pernicious institutional restraints and practices) !,# To create a truly $iable social and economic structure in agriculture conduci$e to greater producti$ity and higher farm incomes) !-# To apply all labor laws e(ually and without discrimination to both industrial and agricultural wage earners) !.# To pro$ide a more $igorous and systematic land resettlement program and public land distribution) and !/# To make the small farmers more independent' self-reliant and responsible citi%ens' and a source of genuine strength in our democratic society. Sectio 3. Composition of Code - In pursuance of the policy enunciated in Section two' the following are established under this Code !"# An agricultural leasehold system to replace all e+isting share tenancy systems in agriculture) !*# A declaration of rights for agricultural labor) !,# An authority for the ac(uisition and e(uitable distribution of agricultural land)

!-# An institution to finance the ac(uisition and distribution of agricultural land) !.# A machinery to e+tend credit and similar assistance to agriculture) !/# A machinery to pro$ide marketing' management' and other technical ser$ices to agriculture) !0# A unified administration for formulating and implementing pro1ects of land reform) !2# An e+panded program of land capability sur$ey' classification' and registration) and !3# A 1udicial system to decide issues arising under this Code and other related laws and regulations. CHAPTER I AGRICULTURAL LEASEHOLD SYSTEM Sectio 4. Abolition of Agricultural Share Tenancy - Agricultural share tenancy' as herein defined' is hereby declared to be contrary to public policy and shall be abolished &ro$ided' That e+isting share tenancy contracts may continue in force and effect in any region or locality' to be go$erned in the meantime by the pertinent pro$isions of Republic Act 4umbered 5le$en hundred and ninetynine' as amended' until the end of the agricultural year when the 4ational Land Reform Council proclaims that all the go$ernment machineries and agencies in that region or locality relating to leasehold en$isioned in this Code are operating' unless such contracts pro$ide for a shorter period or the tenant sooner e+ercise his option to elect the leasehold system &ro$ided' further' That in order not to 1eopardi%e international commitments' lands de$oted to crops co$ered by marketing allotments shall be made the sub1ect of a separate proclamation that ade(uate pro$isions' such as the organi%ation of cooperati$es' marketing agreements' or other similar workable arrangements' ha$e been made to insure efficient management on all matters re(uiring synchroni%ation of the agricultural with the processing phases of such crops &ro$ided' furthermore' That where the agricultural share tenancy contract has ceased to be operati$e by $irtue of this Code' or where such a tenancy contract has been entered into in $iolation of the pro$isions of this Code and is' therefore' null and $oid' and the tenant continues in possession of the land for culti$ation' there shall be presumed to e+ist a leasehold relationship under the pro$isions of this Code' without pre1udice to the right of the landowner and the former tenant to enter into any other lawful contract in relation to the land formerly under tenancy contract' as long as in the interim the security of tenure of the former tenant under Republic Act 4umbered 5le$en hundred and ninety-nine' as amended' and as pro$ided in this Code' is not impaired &ro$ided' finally' That if a lawful leasehold tenancy contract was entered into prior to the effecti$ity of this Code' the rights and obligations arising therefrom shall continue to subsist until modified by the parties in accordance with the pro$isions of this Code. Sectio #. Establishment of Agricultural Leasehold Relation - The agricultural leasehold relation shall be established by operation of law in accordance with Section four of this Code and' in other cases' either orally or in writing' e+pressly or impliedly.

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Sectio $. Parties to Agricultural Leasehold Relation - The agricultural leasehold relation shall be limited to the person who furnishes the landholding' either as owner' ci$il law lessee' usufructuary' or legal possessor' and the person who personally culti$ates the same. Sectio %. Tenure of Agricultural Leasehold Relation - The agricultural leasehold relation once established shall confer upon the agricultural lessee the right to continue working on the landholding until such leasehold relation is e+tinguished. The agricultural lessee shall be entitled to security of tenure on his landholding and cannot be e1ected therefrom unless authori%ed by the Court for causes herein pro$ided. Sectio 8. Extinguishment of Agricultural Leasehold Relation - The agricultural leasehold relation established under this Code shall be e+tinguished by !"# Abandonment of the landholding without the knowledge of the agricultural lessor) !*# 6oluntary surrender of the landholding by the agricultural lessee' written notice of which shall be ser$ed three months in ad$ance) or !,# Absence of the persons under Section nine to succeed to the lessee' in the e$ent of death or permanent incapacity of the lessee. Sectio &. Agricultural Leasehold Relation Not Extinguished by Death or ncapacity of the Parties In case of death or permanent incapacity of the agricultural lessee to work his landholding' the leasehold shall continue between the agricultural lessor and the person who can culti$ate the landholding personally' chosen by the agricultural lessor within one month from such death or permanent incapacity' from among the following !a# the sur$i$ing spouse) !b# the eldest direct descendant by consanguinity) or !c# the ne+t eldest descendant or descendants in the order of their age &ro$ided' That in case the death or permanent incapacity of the agricultural lessee occurs during the agricultural year' such choice shall be e+ercised at the end of that agricultural year &ro$ided' further' That in the e$ent the agricultural lessor fails to e+ercise his choice within the periods herein pro$ided' the priority shall be in accordance with the order herein established. In case of death or permanent incapacity of the agricultural lessor' the leasehold shall bind his legal heirs. Sectio !'. Agricultural Leasehold Relation Not Extinguished by Expiration of Period! etc" - The agricultural leasehold relation under this Code shall not be e+tinguished by mere e+piration of the term or period in a leasehold contract nor by the sale' alienation or transfer of the legal possession of the landholding. In case the agricultural lessor sells' alienates or transfers the legal possession of the landholding' the purchaser or transferee thereof shall be subrogated to the rights and substituted to the obligations of the agricultural lessor. Sectio !!. Lessee#s Right of Pre$emption - In case the agricultural lessor decides to sell the landholding' the agricultural lessee shall ha$e the preferential right to buy the same under reasonable terms and conditions &ro$ided' That the entire landholding offered for sale must be preempted by the Land Authority if the landowner so desires' unless the ma1ority of the lessees ob1ect to such ac(uisition &ro$ided' further' That where there are two or more agricultural lessees' each shall be entitled to said preferential right only to the e+tent of the area actually culti$ated by him.

The right of pre-emption under this Section may be e+ercised within ninety days from notice in writing which shall be ser$ed by the owner on all lessees affected. Sectio !". Lessee#s Right of Redemption - In case the landholding is sold to a third person without the knowledge of the agricultural lessee' the latter shall ha$e the right to redeem the same at a reasonable price and consideration &ro$ided' That the entire landholding sold must be redeemed &ro$ided' further' That where these are two or more agricultural lessees' each shall be entitled to said right of redemption only to the e+tent of the area actually culti$ated by him. The right of redemption under this Section may be e+ercised within two years from the registration of the sale' and shall ha$e priority o$er any other right of legal redemption. Sectio !3. Affida%it Re&uired in Sale of Land Sub'ect to Right of Pre$emption - 4o deed of sale of agricultural land under culti$ation by an agricultural lessee or lessees shall be recorded in the Registry of &roperty unless accompanied by an affida$it of the $endor that he has gi$en the written notice re(uired in Section ele$en of this Chapter or that the land is not worked by an agricultural lessee. Sectio !4. Right of Pre$emption and Redemption Not Applicable to Land to be Con%erted into Residential! ndustrial and Similar Purposes - The right of pre-emption and redemption granted under Sections ele$en and twel$e of this Chapter cannot be e+ercised o$er landholdings suitably located which the owner bought or holds for con$ersion into residential' commercial' industrial or other similar non-agricultural purposes &ro$ided' howe$er' That the con$ersion be in good faith and is substantially carried out within one year from the date of sale. Should the owner fail to comply with the abo$e condition' the agricultural lessee shall ha$e the right to repurchase under reasonable terms and conditions said landholding from said owner within one year after the aforementioned period for con$ersion has e+pired &ro$ided' howe$er' That the tenure of one year shall cease to run from the time the agricultural lessee petitions the Land Authority to ac(uire the land under the pro$isions of paragraph "" of Section fifty-one. Sectio !#. Agricultural Leasehold Contract in (eneral - The agricultural lessor and the agricultural lessee shall be free to enter into any kind of terms' conditions or stipulations in a leasehold contract' as long as they are not contrary to law' morals or public policy. A term' condition or stipulation in an agricultural leasehold contract is considered contrary to law' morals or public policy !"# If the agricultural lessee is re(uired to pay a rental in e+cess of that which is hereinafter pro$ided for in this Chapter) !*# If the agricultural lessee is re(uired to pay a consideration in e+cess of the fair rental $alue as defined herein' for the use of work animals and7or farm implements belonging to the agricultural lessor or to any other person) or !,# If it is imposed as a condition in the agricultural leasehold contract !a# that the agricultural lessee is re(uired to rent work animals or to hire farm implements from the agricultural lessor or a third person' or to make use of any store or ser$ices operated by the agricultural lessor or a third person) or !b# that the agricultural lessee is re(uired to perform any work or render any ser$ice other than his duties and obligations pro$ided in this Chapter with or without compensation) or !c# that the agricultural lessee is re(uired to answer for any fine' deductions and7or assessments.

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)orm and Registration of Contract . In addition' he has the right to be indemnified for one-half of the necessary and useful impro$ements made by him on the landholding &ro$ided' That these impro$ements are tangible and ha$e not yet lost their utility at the time of surrender and7or abandonment of the landholding' at which time their $alue shall be determined for the purpose of the indemnity for impro$ements.The agricultural lessee shall ha$e the right to continue in the e+clusi$e possession and en1oyment of any home lot he may ha$e occupied upon the effecti$ity of this Code' which shall be considered as included in the leasehold.In the absence of any agreement as to the period' the terms and conditions of a leasehold contract shall continue until modified by the parties &ro$ided' That in no case shall any modification of its terms and conditions pre1udice the right of the agricultural lessee to the security of his tenure on the landholding &ro$ided' further' That in case of a contract with a period an agricultural lessor may not' upon the e+piration of the period increase the rental e+cept in accordance with the pro$isions of Section thirty-four. Sectio "4. Sectio "". 5ach of the contracting parties shall retain a copy of the contract.# To mechani%e all or any phase of his farm work) and !-# To deal with millers and processors and attend to the issuance of (uedans and warehouse receipts for the produce due him. Sectio "#. Right to a . .The 9unicipal Treasurer of the municipality wherein the land is situated shall keep a record of all such contracts drawn and e+ecuted within his 1urisdiction' to be known as :Registry of Agricultural Leasehold Contracts:. If the agricultural lessee does not know how to read' the contents of the document shall be read and e+plained to him by his witness.4o obligation to pay money on account of loans including interest thereon obtained by the agricultural lessee from the agricultural lessor or his representati$e shall be enforceable unless the same or a memorandum thereof be in writing in a language or dialect known to the agricultural lessee' and signed or thumb-marked by him' or by his agent.ome Lot . Sectio !&. Sectio !$. 4o registration fees or documentary stamps shall be re(uired in the registration of said contracts or of any subse(uent acts relati$e thereto.The municipal treasurer shall' upon receipt of his copy of the contract' re(uire the agricultural lessee and agricultural lessor to present their respecti$e copies of the contract' and shall cause to be annotated thereon the date' time and place of registration as well as its entry or registration number.e shall keep this registry together with a copy of each contract entered therein' and make annotations on said registry of all subse(uent acts relati$e to each contract' such as its renewal' no$ation' cancellation' etc. Sectio !8. The 1ustice of the peace shall cause the third copy to be deli$ered to the municipal treasurer of the municipality where the land is located and the fourth copy to the 8ffice of the Agrarian Counsel. Sectio !%. The contracting parties shall acknowledge the e+ecution of the contract before the 1ustice of the peace of the municipality where the land is situated. Right to be ndemnified for Labor .se of Accepted Standards of -eights and *easures . *emorandum of Loans . =ut no article or species of property mentioned in this Section shall be e+empt from e+ecution issued upon a 1udgment reco$ered for its price or upon a 1udgment of foreclosure of a mortgage thereon. Sectio "'. Exemption from Lien and+or Execution . 4o fees or stamps of any kind shall be re(uired in the preparation and acknowledgment of the instrument.Should the parties decide to reduce their agreement into writing' the agricultural leasehold contract shall be drawn in (uadruplicate in a language or dialect known to the agricultural lessee and signed or thumb-marked both by the agricultural lessee personally and by the agricultural lessor or his authori%ed representati$e' before two witnesses' to be chosen by each party. Sectio "$. Sectio "!.It shall be the right of the agricultural lessee !"# To ha$e possession and peaceful en1oyment of the land) !*# To manage and work on the land in a manner and method of culti$ation and har$est which conform to pro$en farm practices) !. Sectio "3.The following shall be e+empt from lien and7or e+ecution against the agricultural lessee !"# Twenty-fi$e per centum of the entire produce of the land under culti$ation) and !*# <ork animals and farm implements belonging to the agricultural lessee &ro$ided' That their $alue does not e+ceed one thousand pesos. Nature and Continuity of Conditions of Leasehold Contract .In all transactions entered into between the agricultural lessee and the agricultural lessor concerning agricultural products the official or' upon agreement of the parties' the accepted standards of weights and measures shall be used.It shall be the obligation of the agricultural lessee !"# To culti$ate and take care of the farm' growing crops' and other impro$ements on the landholding as a good father of a family and perform all the work therein in accordance with pro$en farm practices) !*# To inform the agricultural lessor within a reasonable time of any trespass committed by third persons upon the farm' without pre1udice to his direct action against the trespasser) 3 . /bligations of the Lessee . . Registry of Agricultural Leasehold Contracts . 5+cept in case of mistake' $iolence' intimidation' undue influence' or fraud' an agricultural contract reduced in writing and registered as hereinafter pro$ided' shall be conclusi$e between the contracting parties' if not denounced or impugned within thirty days after its registration. Rights of Agricultural Lessee in (eneral .Any contract by which the agricultural lessee is re(uired to accept a loan or to make payment therefor in kind shall also be contrary to law' morals or public policy.The agricultural lessee shall ha$e the right to be indemnified for the cost and e+penses incurred in the culti$ation' planting or har$esting and other e+penses incidental to the impro$ement of his crop in case he surrenders or abandons his landholding for 1ust cause or is e1ected therefrom. Registration of Leasehold Contract .

!. Prohibitions to the Agricultural Lessor .# To take reasonable care of the work animals and farm implements deli$ered to him by the agricultural lessor and see that they are not used for purposes other than those intended or used by another without the knowledge and consent of the agricultural lessor &ro$ided' howe$er' That if said work animals get lost or die' or said farm implements get lost or are destroyed' through the negligence of the agricultural lessee' he shall be held responsible and made answerable therefor to the e+tent of the $alue of the work animals and7or farm implements at the time of the loss' death or destruction) !-# To keep his farm and growing crops attended to during the work season. In case of un1ustified abandonment or neglect of his farm' any or all of his e+pected produce may' upon order of the Court' be forfeited in fa$or of the agricultural lessor to the e+tent of the damage caused thereby) !.# 6oluntary surrender due to circumstances more ad$antageous to him and his family. /bligations of the Agricultural Lessor .# To notify the agricultural lessor at least three days before the date of har$esting or' whene$er applicable' of threshing) and !/# To pay the lease rental to the agricultural lessor when it falls due.# To re(uire the agricultural lessee' taking into consideration his financial capacity and the credit facilities a$ailable to him' to adopt in his farm pro$en farm practices necessary to the conser$ation of the land' impro$ement of its fertility and increase of its producti$ity &ro$ided' That in case of disagreement as to what pro$en farm practice the lessee shall adopt' the same shall be settled by the Court according to the best interest of the parties concerned) and !-# To mortgage e+pected rentals.It shall be the right of the agricultural lessor !"# To inspect and obser$e the e+tent of compliance with the terms and conditions of their contract and the pro$isions of this Chapter) !*# To propose a change in the use of the landholding to other agricultural purposes' or in the kind of crops to be planted &ro$ided' That in case of disagreement as to the proposed change' the same shall be settled by the Court according to the best interest of the parties concerned &ro$ided' further' That in no case shall an agricultural lessee be e1ected as a conse(uence of the con$ersion of the land to some other agricultural purpose or because of a change in the crop to be planted) !. Prohibitions to Agricultural Lessee .# Compulsion of the agricultural lessee or any member of his immediate farm household by the agricultural lessor to do any work or render any ser$ice not in any way connected with farm work or e$en without compulsion if no compensation is paid) !-# Commission of a crime by the agricultural lessor or his representati$e against the agricultural lessee or any member of his immediate farm household) or !.It shall be unlawful for the agricultural lessee !"# To contract to work additional landholdings belonging to a different agricultural lessor or to ac(uire and personally culti$ate an economic family-si%e farm' without the knowledge and consent of the agricultural lessor with whom he had entered first into household' if the first landholding is of sufficient si%e to make him and the members of his immediate farm household fully occupied in its culti$ation) or !*# To employ a sub-lessee on his landholding &ro$ided' howe$er' That in case of illness or temporary incapacity he may employ laborers whose ser$ices on his landholding shall be on his account. Should the agricultural lessee be dispossessed of his landholding without authori%ation from the Court' the agricultural lessor shall be liable for damages suffered by the agricultural lessee in addition to the fine or imprisonment prescribed in this Code for unauthori%ed dispossession) !*# To re(uire the agricultural lessee to assume' directly or indirectly' the payment of the ta+es or part thereof le$ied by the go$ernment on the landholding) 4 . Sectio "8.It shall be the obligation of the agricultural lessor !"# To keep the agricultural lessee in peaceful possession and culti$ation of his landholding) and !*# To keep intact such permanent useful impro$ements e+isting on the landholding at the start of the leasehold relation as irrigation and drainage system and marketing allotments' which in the case of sugar (uotas shall refer both to domestic and e+port (uotas' pro$isions of e+isting laws to the contrary notwithstanding. Sectio "%. Sectio "&. Sectio 3'. Rights of the Agricultural Lessor .The agricultural lessee may terminate the leasehold during the agricultural year for any of the following causes !"# Cruel' inhuman or offensi$e' treatment of the agricultural lessee or any member of his immediate farm household by the agricultural lessor or his representati$e with the knowledge and consent of the lessor) !*# 4on-compliance on the part of the agricultural lessor with any of the obligations imposed upon him by the pro$isions of this Code or by his contact with the agricultural lessee) !. Termination of Leasehold by Agricultural Lessee During Agricultural 0ear . Sectio 3!.It shall be unlawful for the agricultural lessor !"# To dispossess the agricultural lessee of his landholding e+cept upon authori%ation by the Court under Section thirty-si+.

!*# The agricultural lessee failed to substantially comply with any of the terms and conditions of the contract or any of the pro$isions of this Code unless his failure is caused by fortuitous e$ent or force ma1eure) !.The burden of proof to show the e+istence of a lawful cause for the e1ectment of an agricultural lessee shall rest upon the agricultural lessor. 5 . Sectio 3$. Sectio 3". of Section twenty-nine) !.# To discourage' directly or indirectly' the formation' maintenance or growth of unions or organi%ations of agricultural lessees in his landholding' or to initiate' dominate' assist or interfere in the formation or administration of any such union or organi%ation. Sectio 33. Exemption from Leasehold of /ther 1inds of Lands .The consideration for the lease of riceland and lands de$oted to other crops shall not be more than the e(ui$alent of twenty-fi$e per centum of the a$erage normal har$est during the three agricultural years immediately preceding the date the leasehold was established after deducting the amount used for seeds and the cost of har$esting' threshing' loading' hauling and processing' whiche$er are applicable &ro$ided' That if the land has been culti$ated for a period of less than three years' the initial consideration shall be based on the a$erage normal har$est during the preceding years when the land was actually culti$ated' or on the har$est of the first year in the case of newly-culti$ated lands' if that har$est is normal &ro$ided' further' That after the lapse of the first three normal har$ests' the final consideration shall be based on the a$erage normal har$est during these three preceding agricultural years &ro$ided' furthermore' That in the absence of any agreement between the parties as to the rental' the ma+imum allowed herein shall apply &ro$ided' finally' That if capital impro$ements are introduced on the farm not by the lessee to increase its producti$ity' the rental shall be increased proportionately to the conse(uent increase in production due to said impro$ements. In case of disagreement' the Court shall determine the reasonable increase in rental.# To re(uire the agricultural lessee to assume' directly or indirectly' any part of the rent' :canon: or other consideration which the agricultural lessor is under obligation to pay to third persons for the use of the land) !-# To deal with millers or processors without written authori%ation of the lessee in cases where the crop has to be sold in processed form before payment of the rental) or !. Sectio 3%.The consideration for the lease of the land shall be paid in an amount certain in money or in produce' or both' payable at the place agreed upon by the parties immediately after threshing or processing if the consideration is in kind' or within a reasonable time thereafter' if not in kind. Sectio 3#.The cost of construction of a permanent irrigation system' including distributory canals' may be borne e+clusi$ely by the agricultural lessor who shall be entitled to an increase in rental proportionate to the resultant increase in production &ro$ided' That if the agricultural lessor refuses to bear the e+penses of construction the agricultural lessee or lessees may shoulder the same' in which case the former shall not be entitled to an increase in rental and shall' upon the termination of the relationship' pay the lessee or his heir the reasonable $alue of the impro$ement at the time of the termination &ro$ided' further' That if the irrigation system constructed does not work' it shall not be considered as an impro$ement within the meaning of this Section.!. Cost of rrigation System .# The agricultural lessee planted crops or used the landholding for a purpose other than what had been pre$iously agreed upon) !-# The agricultural lessee failed to adopt pro$en farm practices as determined under paragraph . In no case shall the agricultural lessor re(uire the agricultural lessee to file a bond' make a deposit or pay the rental in ad$ance' in money or in kind or in both' but a special and preferential lien is hereby created in fa$or of the agricultural lessor o$er such portion of the gross har$est necessary for the payment of the rental due in his fa$or.4otwithstanding any agreement as to the period or future surrender' of the land' an agricultural lessee shall continue in the en1oyment and possession of his landholding e+cept when his dispossession has been authori%ed by the Court in a 1udgment that is final and e+ecutory if after due hearing it is shown that !"# The agricultural lessor-owner or a member of his immediate family will personally culti$ate the landholding or will con$ert the landholding' if suitably located' into residential' factory' hospital or school site or other useful non-agricultural purposes &ro$ided) That the agricultural lessee shall be entitled to disturbance compensation e(ui$alent to fi$e years rental on his landholding in addition to his rights under Sections twenty-fi$e and thirty-four' e+cept when the land owned and leased by the agricultural lessor' is not more than fi$e hectares' in which case instead of disturbance compensation the lessee may be entitled to an ad$anced notice of at least one agricultural year before e1ectment proceedings are filed against him &ro$ided' further' That should the landholder not culti$ate the land himself for three years or fail to substantially carry out such con$ersion within one year after the dispossession of the tenant' it shall be presumed that he acted in bad faith and the tenant shall ha$e the right to demand possession of the land and reco$er damages for any loss incurred by him because of said dispossessions.4otwithstanding the pro$isions of the preceding Sections' in the case of fishponds' saltbeds' and lands principally planted to citrus' coconuts' cacao' coffee' durian' and other similar permanent trees at the time of the appro$al of this Code' the consideration' as well as the tenancy system pre$ailing' shall be go$erned by the pro$isions of Republic Act 4umbered 5le$en hundred and ninety-nine' as amended. Sectio 34. Possession of Landholding2 Exceptions . Consideration for the Lease of Riceland and Lands De%oted to /ther Crops . 3urden of Proof . *anner! Time and Place of Rental Payment .# The land or other substantial permanent impro$ement thereon is substantially damaged or destroyed or has unreasonably deteriorated through the fault or negligence of the agricultural lessee) !/# The agricultural lessee does not pay the lease rental when it falls due &ro$ided' That if the non-payment of the rental shall be due to crop failure to the e+tent of se$enty-fi$e per centum as a result of a fortuitous e$ent' the non-payment shall not be a ground for dispossession' although the obligation to pay the rental due that particular crop is not thereby e+tinguished) or !0# The lessee employed a sub-lessee on his landholding in $iolation of the terms of paragraph * of Section twenty-se$en.

Sectio 4#. Sectio 3&. Right to Compensation for Personal n'uries! Death! or llness . <hen the 6 .. CHAPTER BILL OF RIGHTS FOR AGRICULTURAL LABOR II work is not continuous' the time during which the farm worker is not working and can lea$e his working place and can rest completely shall not be counted.ours# -or5 . Sectio 4". 4o farm employer or manager shall compel a farm worker to work during Sundays and legal holidays &ro$ided' howe$er' That should the farm worker agree to work on said days' he shall be paid an additional sum of at least twenty-fi$e per centum of his regular compensation) &ro$ided' further' That the farm employer or manager shall not be held liable for any claim for o$ertime work which he had not pre$iously authori%ed' e+cept if the work rendered was to a$oid damages to crops' produce' work animals or implements' buildings or the like.4otwithstanding the pro$isions of e+isting laws to the contrary' Act 4umbered Thirty-four hundred and twenty-eight' as amended' entitled :An Act prescribing the compensation to be recei$ed by employees for personal in1uries' death or illness contracted in the performance of their duties:' shall apply to farm workers insofar as it may be applicable.The farm workers shall ha$e the right to self-organi%ation and to form' 1oin or assist farm workers> organi%ations of their own choosing for the purpose of collecti$e bargaining through representati$es of their own choosing &ro$ided' That this right shall be e+ercised in a manner as will not unduly interfere with the normal farm operations.The landowner' farm employer or farm manager shall not suspend' lay-off or dismiss any farm worker without 1ust cause from the time a farm workers> organi%ation or group of farm workers has presented to the landowner a petition or complaint regarding any matter likely to cause a strike or lockout and a copy thereof furnished with the Aepartment of Labor' or while an agricultural dispute is pending before the Court of Agrarian Relations. Sectio 4$.The farm workers shall also ha$e the right to engage in concerted acti$ities for the purpose of collecti$e bargaining and other mutual aid or protection. <ork may be performed beyond eight hours a day in case of actual or impending emergencies caused by serious accidents' fire' flood' typhoon' epidemic' or other disaster or calamity' or in case of urgent work to be performed on farm machines' e(uipment or installations in order to a$oid a serious loss which the farm employer or manager would otherwise suffer' or some other 1ust cause of a similar nature' but in all such cases the farm workers shall be entitled to recei$e compensation for the o$ertime work performed at the same rate as their regular wages' plus at least twenty-fi$e per centum additional' based on their daily wages. Sectio 43. Sectio 4'. If it is pro$ed during the said period that a worker has been suspended or dismissed without 1ust cause' the Court may direct the reinstatement and the payment of his wage during the time of his suspension or dismissal or of any sum he should ha$e recei$ed had he not been suspended or dismissed' without pre1udice to any criminal liability of the landowner' farm employer or farm manager as prescribed by Section twenty-four of Commonwealth Act 4umbered 8ne hundred and three' as amended. Right Against Suspension of Lay$off . Statute of Limitations .4otwithstanding any pro$ision of law or contract to the contrary' farm workers in farm enterprises shall be entitled to at least &. Right of Action for Damages . Sectio 4!. ?or the purpose of this and the preceding Section' it shall be the duty of the farm employer or manager to allow the farm workers' labor leaders' organi%ers' ad$isers and helpers complete freedom to enter and lea$e the farm' plantation or compound at the portion of the same where said farm workers li$e or stay permanently or temporarily. /ther Applicable Pro%isions .Sectio 38. Right to Eight .All other e+isting laws applicable to non-agricultural workers in pri$ate enterprises which are not inconsistent with this Code shall likewise apply to farm workers' farm labor organi%ations and agrarian disputes as defined in this Code' as well as to relations between farm management and farm labor and the functions of the Aepartment of Labor and other agencies. Sectio 4%. Indi$iduals employed as super$isors shall not be eligible for membership in farm workers> organi%ations under their super$ision but may form separate organi%ations of their own.# Right to minimum wage) !-# Right to work for not more than eight hours) !.4otwithstanding the pro$ision of e+isting laws to the contrary' farm workers shall not be re(uired to work for more than eight hours daily.. Sectio 44. Right to *inimum -age .To enable the farm workers to en1oy the same rights and opportunities in life as industrial workers' they shall en1oy the following !"# Right to self-organi%ation) !*# Right to engage in concerted acti$ities) !. Right to Self$/rgani4ation . Right to Engage in Concerted Acti%ities .# Right to claim for damages for death or in1uries sustained while at work) !/# Right to compensation for personal in1uries' death or illness) and !0# Right against suspension or lay-off. Any agreement or contract between the farm employer or manager and the farm worker contrary to the pro$isions of this Section shall be null and $oid.@ a day for eight hours> work &ro$ided' That this wage may' howe$er' be increased by the 9inimum <age =oard as pro$ided for in Republic Act 4umbered Si+ hundred and two.An action to enforce any cause of action under this Code shall be barred if not commenced within three years after such cause of action accrued. Rights for Agricultural Labor .4otwithstanding the pro$isions of e+isting laws to the contrary' Act 4umbered 5ighteen hundred and se$enty-four' as amended' entitled :An Act to e+tend and regulate the responsibility of employers for personal in1uries and death suffered by their employees while at work:' shall apply to farm workers insofar as it may be applicable.

Sectio 48. F. 6ualifications and Compensation of (o%ernors .hectares but is not more than . hectares but is not more than "-hectares.@@ hectares but is not more than "'@*hectares) -. CHAPTER III LAND AUTHORITY b. Sectio #!.The preceding Sections of this Chapter' e+cept Sections forty' forty-one' forty-two and forty-three shall not apply to farm enterprises comprising not more than twel$e hectares. The Authority shall be headed by a Bo$ernor who shall be appointed by the &resident with the consent of the Commission on Appointments.?or the purpose of carrying out the policy of establishing owner-culti$atorship and the economic family-si%e farm as the basis of &hilippine agriculture and other policies enunciated in this Code' there is hereby created a Land Authority' hereinafter called the Authority' which shall be directly under the control and super$ision of the &resident of the &hilippines. The Bo$ernor and the Aeputy Bo$ernors shall hold office for fi$e years. those whose area e+ceeds "'@*. Exceptions to Preceding Section . !*# To help bona fide farmers without lands or agricultural owner-culti$ators of uneconomic-si%e farms to ac(uire and own economic family-si%e farm units) !.@@ hectares) and . o/ t0e L* ..hectares) .ctio . those whose area e+ceeds "-.e shall be assisted by two Aeputy Bo$ernors who shall be appointed by the &resident with the consent of the Commission on Appointments' each of whom shall head such operating departments as may be set up by the Bo$ernor. The Bo$ernor shall recei$e an annual compensation of twenty-four thousand pesos) the Aeputy Bo$ernors shall each recei$e an annual compensation of eighteen thousand pesos.# To administer and dispose of agricultural lands of the public domain under the custody and administration of the 4ational Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration prior to the appro$al of this Code and such other public agricultural lands as may hereafter be reser$ed by the &resident of the &hilippines for resettlement and sale' in accordance with such terms and conditions as are set forth under this Chapter &ro$ided' That the e+ercise of the authority granted herein' as well as in the preceding sub-paragraph' shall not contra$ene public policy on the permanency of forest reser$es or other laws intended for the preser$ation and conser$ation of public forests) !-# To de$elop plans and initiate actions for the systematic opening of alienable and disposable lands of the public domain for speedy' distribution to and de$elopment by deser$ing and (ualified persons or corporations) !. Creation of the Land Authority . Sectio #'. those whose area e+ceeds . in e+propriating pri$ate agricultural lands declared by the 4ational Land Reform Council or by the Land Authority within a land reform district to be necessary for the implementation of the pro$isions of this Code' the following order of priority shall be obser$ed ". idle or abandoned lands) *. Po7ers and )unctions .4o person shall be appointed Bo$ernor or Aeputy Bo$ernor of the Authority unless he is a natural-born citi%en of the &hilippines' with ade(uate background and e+perience in land reform here and7or elsewhere' and at least thirtyfi$e years of age. all pri$ate agricultural lands suitable for subdi$ision into economic familysi%e farm units' owned by pri$ate indi$iduals or corporations worked by lessees' no substantial portion of whose landholding in relation to the area sought to be e+propriated' is planted to permanent crops under labor administration' in e+cess of se$enty-fi$e hectares e+cept all pri$ate agricultural lands under labor administration and lands ac(uired under Section se$enty-one of this Code) and c. those whose area e+ceeds 0. all idle or abandoned pri$ate agricultural lands' e+cept those held or purchased within one year from the appro$al of this Code by pri$ate indi$iduals or corporations for the purpose of resale and subdi$ision into economic family-si%e farm units in accordance with the policies enunciated in this Code &ro$ided' That the subdi$ision and resale shall be substantially carried out within one year from the appro$al of this Code) 7 . .It shall be the responsibility of the Authority !"# To initiate and prosecute e+propriation proceedings for the ac(uisition of pri$ate agricultural lands as defined in Section one hundred si+ty-si+ of Chapter CI of this Code for the purpose of subdi$ision into economic family-si%e farm units and resale of said farm units to bona fide tenants' occupants and (ualified farmers &ro$ided' That the powers herein granted shall apply only to pri$ate agricultural lands sub1ect to the terms and conditions and order of priority hereinbelow specified a. A-t0o(it1 Sectio 4&.# To recommend to the &resident' from time to time after pre$ious consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and 4atural Resources' what portion of the alienable or disposable public lands shall be reser$ed for settlement or disposition under this chapter) ARTICLE I O()* i+*tio * ..

Dpon the filing of the petition referred to in Section fifty-three the landowner may not alienate any portion of the land co$ered by such petition e+cept in pursuance of the pro$isions of this Code' or enter into any form of contract to defeat the purposes of this Code' and no e1ectment proceedings against any lessee or occupant of the 8 .# To submit to the &resident of the &hilippines and to both . Sectio #3. Sectio #%. ARTICLE II E23(o3(i*tio o/ P(i4*te A)(ic-5t-(*5 L* .The Authority shall' upon petition in writing of at least one-third of the lessees and sub1ect to the pro$isions of Chapter 6II of this Code' institute and prosecute e+propriation proceedings for the ac(uisition of pri$ate agricultural lands and home lots enumerated under Section fifty-one. Expeditious Sur%ey and Subdi%ision .ouses of Congress through their presiding officers' to the Secretary of ?inance and to the Auditor Beneral within si+ty days of the close of the fiscal year' an annual report showing its accomplishments during the year) the e+propriation proceedings it has undertaken) the e+penditures it has incurred and other financial transactions undertaken with respect thereto. Compulsory Purchase of Agricultural Lands . Possession of the Land2 Procedure . ssuance of Certificates of Title for Parcel or Lot .The Bo$ernor shall organi%e the personnel in such departments' di$isions and sections of the Authority as will insure their ma+imum efficiency. Sectio #&. 8ust Compensation . The owner of the land e+propriated shall be paid in accordance with Section eighty of this Act by the Land =ank and pursuant to an arrangement herein authori%ed. Prohibition Against Alienation and E'ectment . Sectio #4.. Sectio #8. In the e$ent a landowner agrees to sell his property under the terms specified in this Chapter and the 4ational Land Reform Council finds it suitable and necessary to ac(uire such property' a 1oint motion embodying the agreement' including the $aluation of the property' shall be submitted by the Land Authority and the land-owner to the Court for appro$al &ro$ided' That in such case' any person (ualified to be a beneficiary of such e+propriation or purchase may ob1ect to the $aluation as e+cessi$e' in which case the Court shall determine the 1ust compensation in accordance with Section fifty-si+ of this Code.e shall appoint' sub1ect to ci$il ser$ice rules and regulations' fi+ the compensation' sub1ect to <A&C8 rules and regulations' and determine the duties of subordinate officials and employees as the e+igencies of the ser$ice may re(uire.!/# To gi$e economic family-si%e farms to landless citi%ens of the &hilippines who need' deser$e' and are capable of culti$ating the land personally' through organi%ed resettlement' under the terms and conditions the Authority may prescribe' gi$ing priority to (ualified and deser$ing farmers in the pro$ince where such lands are located) !0# To reclaim swamps and marshes' obtain titles thereto whene$er feasible and subdi$ide them into economic family-si%e farms for distribution to deser$ing and (ualified farmers) !2# To undertake measures which will insure the early issuance of titles to persons or corporations who ha$e actually settled and culti$ated disposable alienable lands of the public domain) !3# To sur$ey' subdi$ide and set aside lands or areas of landholdings under its administration for economic family-si%e farms' large-scale farm operations' town sites' roads' parks' go$ernment centers and other ci$ic impro$ements as circumstances may warrant and to submit subdi$ision sur$ey plans conducted either by the go$ernment or pri$ate sur$eyors on parcels of lands under its administration for $erification and appro$al either by the Airector of Lands or by the Land Registration Commission) !"@# To inform the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission and the 8ffice of the Agrarian Counsel of the problems of settlers and farmers on lands under its administration) !""# To ac(uire for agricultural lessees e+ercising their right of pre-emption under Chapter I of this Code' any landholdings mentioned thereunder) !"*# To conduct land capability sur$ey and classification of the entire country and print maps) !".# To make such arrangements with the Land =ank with respect to titles of agricultural lands of the public domain under its administration as will be necessary to carry out the ob1ecti$es of this Code) !"-# To e+propriate home lots occupied by agricultural lessees outside their landholdings for resale at cost to said agricultural lessees) and !".In determining the 1ust compensation of the land to be e+propriated pursuant to this Chapter' the Court' in land under leasehold' shall consider as a basis' without pre1udice to considering other factors also' the annual lease rental income authori%ed by law capitali%ed at the rate of si+ per centum per annum.In e+propriation proceedings' it shall be the duty of the Court to include in its resolution or order of e+propriation a pro$ision that the Land Authority shall' after taking possession of the land and after the subdi$ision thereof' allow the Land =ank to ha$e the title thereto for the purpose of paying the owner the 1ust compensation therefor. Duty of Court in Expropriation Proceedings . Sectio #$. Sectio ##. Sectio #". Appointment of Subordinate /fficials and Employees .After the payment of 1ust compensation on the land e+propriated the Land =ank shall cause the issuance of separate certificates of titles for each parcel or lot in accordance with the subdi$ision sur$ey made under Section fifty-fi$e.Immediately after the Authority takes possession of lands to be ac(uired by it under this Code' it shall undertake a subdi$ision sur$ey of the land into economic family-si%e farms which shall be immediately assigned to beneficiaries selected in accordance with Section one hundred and twenty-eight sub1ect to such rules and regulations as it may prescribe.The Authority' after commencing the e+propriation suit' may take immediate possession of the land upon deposit with the Court that has ac(uired 1urisdiction o$er the e+propriation proceedings in accordance with the Rules of Court' of money' and bonds of the Land =ank' in accordance with the proportions pro$ided for under Section eighty of this Code' e(ual to the $alue as determined by the Court in accordance with the pro$isions of Section fifty-si+ hereof. .

t(i6-tio o/ A)(ic-5t-(*5 L* . /rgani4ation of Cooperati%e Associations . Limitation on Land Rights . Exemption from Attachment . The Land Authority shall administer said parcels of land during the period they are under lease. &ending the sale' such lessees shall continue to work on their landholdings and recei$e the produce thereof' sub1ect' howe$er' to the re(uirement that they pay the Land =ank the allowable rental established in Section thirty-four.5+propriation cases filed by the Authority under pro$isions of this Chapter shall take precedence o$er all other ci$il cases pending before the Court and shall be terminated within a period not e+ceeding si+ months from the date of filing.Dpon reser$ation by the &resident of the &hilippines of public agricultural land a$ailable for disposition by the Land Authority' such land shall be sur$eyed' titled and transferred to the Land =ank' which shall reduce said title into indi$idual titles for specific parcels or lots in accordance with the subdi$ision sur$ey conducted by the Land Authority under paragraph 3 of Section fifty-one &ro$ided' howe$er' That e+isting laws go$erning the ac(uisition of public lands shall ha$e been complied with. Precedence of Expropriation Cases .land co$ered by the petition shall be instituted or prosecuted until it becomes certain that the land shall not be ac(uired by the Authority. Sectio $4.5+cept in case of hereditary succession by one heir' landholdings ac(uired under this Code may not be resold' mortgaged' encumbered or transferred until after the lapse of ten years from the date of full payment and ac(uisition and after such tenyear period' any transfer' sale or disposition may be made only in fa$or of persons (ualified to ac(uire economic family-si%e farm units in accordance with the pro$isions of this Code &ro$ided' That a purchaser who ac(uired his landholding under a contract to sell may secure a loan on the same from any pri$ate lending institution or indi$idual for an amount not e+ceeding his e(uity on said landholding upon a guaranty by the Land =ank. Title to Public Agricultural Land . The Land =ank shall apply the rental to the si+ percent added to the ac(uisition price and credit the balance to the ac(uisition cost in the name of the lessee as partial payment for the land. In case some agricultural lessees working portions of agricultural lands ac(uired by the go$ernment under this Code prefer to remain as lessees thereof' which preference shall be e+pressed in writing and attested by a representati$e of the 8ffice of Agrarian Counsel' the resale and redistribution to them shall be deferred until such time that such lessees are ready and willing to assume the obligations and responsibilities of independent owners' which shall be manifested by a written notice to this effect by the lessees and which shall oblige the Land Authority forthwith to allot and sell such portions to such lessees under the same uniform terms and conditions. Sectio $8. The Land Authority shall thereupon distribute in accordance with the pro$isions of this Code' each parcel or lot' sub1ect to the terms and conditions of the Land =ank' to a beneficiary selected pursuant to Section se$enty-one or in accordance with paragraph .?or the purpose of more efficient management' adoption of modern farm methods and techni(ues' and spreading risk' either through di$ersification of farm pro1ects or mutual assumption of risks the farmer beneficiaries may organi%e themsel$es into cooperati$e associations with the ad$ice or assistance of the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission and in accordance with the guidelines established by said Commission for such associations.ousing and Accommodations to Settlers . Competent management and ade(uate production credit shall be pro$ided in accordance with the program de$eloped by the Land Reform &ro1ect Team for such area. of Section fifty-one' to a beneficiary selected pursuant to paragraph . Sectio $#.The Authority may help pro$ide housing and other accommodations for the new settlers upon their arri$al in the settlement areas by the stationing them in properly sur$eyed and subdi$ided lots reser$ed for the purpose help them 9 .After separate certificates of titles ha$e been issued in accordance with Section fifty-eight' the Land Authority' on behalf of the Republic of the &hilippines and in representation of the Land =ank as the financing agency' shall allot and sell each parcel or lot to a (ualified beneficiary selected under Section fifty-fi$e of this Code' sub1ect to uniform terms and conditions imposed by the Land =ank &ro$ided' That the resale shall be at cost which shall mean the purchase price not more than si+ per centum per annum' which shall co$er administrati$e e+penses' and actual e+penses for subdi$ision' sur$eying' and registration &ro$ided' further' That such cost shall be paid on the basis of an amorti%ation plan not e+ceeding twenty-fi$e years at the option of the beneficiary.The Authority may assist the settlers in securing e(uipment' supplies and materials needed) or assist the cooperati$e associations of the new settlers in securing the most ad$antageous prices or terms on farm implements and supplies needed. Disposition of Expropriated Land . Assistance to Settlers in Transporting Themsel%es and Their 3elongings . of Section one hundred twenty-eight. Sectio $". Sectio $!.Lands ac(uired under the pro$isions of this Chapter shall be e+empt from e+ecution and attachment' e+cept when the land itself is the property mortgaged' in accordance with Section si+ty-two of this Code. Sectio $&. The census shall include' among other things' the bona fide character of the settlements' the character of the settlers or farmers' the e+act status of the lands settled' the feasibility of enlarging the settlements' particularly in connection with the resources of the land occupied and the neighboring areas' actual and potential accessibility to markets' as well as strategic location of the settlement with respect to national security. These loans from the Land Authority shall be non-interest bearing' shall constitute a lien upon the land' and shall be amorti%ed o$er a period of ten years' payable annually beginning with the end of the third year' after the date of arri$al in the settlement areas' sub1ect to the right of the borrower to pay in the full at any time prior to the maturity of the loan. Sectio $'. o/ t0e P-65ic Do7*i Sectio $$. Assistance to Settlers in Securing E&uipment . ARTICLE III Di. Pro%iding . nscription of Specific Prohibition Against Resale and Subdi%ision of Landholding Certificates of titles of landholdings ac(uired by the Land Authority and resold to purchasers shall contain therein a specific inscription prohibiting further subdi$ision and the resale' transfer or encumbrance of said landholdings e+cept as pro$ided in the preceding Section. Sectio $3. Sectio $%. Sectio %'.The Authority shall take a census of all settlements already made or started by farmers on their own initiati$e on public agricultural lands' forest lands' and on pri$ate titled lands which had been cleared' occupied and culti$ated wholly or partially by them' with or without legal sanction.The Authority may' in certain pro1ects' assist settlers in transporting themsel$es' their belongings' work animals and farm e(uipment' if any' from the communities from which they are migrating to the settlement areas reser$ed for the purpose and for subsistence necessary until credit can be pro$ided by go$ernment financing agencies' or by any other credit institution by loaning to them the full amount re(uired for such purposes.. Census of Settlements .

To finance the ac(uisition by the Bo$ernment of landed estates for di$ision and resale to small landholders' as well as the purchase of the landholding by the agricultural lessee from the landowner' there is hereby established a body corporate to be known as the :Land =ank of the &hilippines:' hereinafter called the :=ank:' which shall ha$e its principal place of business in 9anila.olders of 3onds ssued to )ormer Lando7ners -hose Lands . In addition to the appropriations herein transferred there is hereby appropriated from the general funds in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated the sum of fi$e million pesos' or so much thereof as may be necessary' to carry out the purposes of this Code. As payment for the land sold under this Section' the Land =ank shall accept as sole instruments of payment the bonds issued pursuant to Section se$enty-si+. Sectio %$.organi%e community acti$ities) and cooperate with the =ureau of . Creation . Such loans shall be sub1ect to appro$al by the &resident of the &hilippines and shall be fully guaranteed by the Bo$ernment of the &hilippines) !. Po7ers in (eneral .ealth' the =ureau of &ublic Schools and other pertinent agencies of the Bo$ernment' in pro$iding ser$ices necessary for the proper establishment of community facilities.# Dpon recommendation of the Committee on In$estments' to hold' own' purchase' ac(uire' sell or otherwise in$est' or rein$est in stocks' bonds or other securities capable of gi$ing the =ank a reasonably assured income sufficient to support its financing acti$ities and gi$e its pri$ate stockholders a fair return on their holdings &ro$ided' howe$er' That pending the organi%ation of the Committee on In$estments' the =ank may e+ercise the powers herein pro$ided without the recommendation of said Committee on In$estments &ro$ided' further' That in case of the dissolution of the Land =ank all unsold public lands transferred to it which may be allocated to the Bo$ernment of the &hilippines in the course of li(uidation of the business of the =ank shall re$ert to the Aepartment of Agriculture and 4atural Resources) and !/# To pro$ide' free of charge' in$estment counselling and technical ser$ices to landowners whose lands ha$e been ac(uired by the Land =ank. The selling price of the portion of the public agricultural land sold under this Section shall be credited to the Bo$ernment>s subscription to the Land =ank.a%e 3een Purchased for Redistribution . Sectio %#.The 4ational Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration and the Land Tenure administration are hereby abolished and their powers and functions not inconsistent with this Code' balances of all appropriations' funds' e(uipment' records and supplies' as well as agricultural lands' public and pri$ate' under their administration' are hereby transferred to the Authority &ro$ided' That the function of the Land Tenure Administration with respect to the e+propriation of urban lands as pro$ided by e+isting laws is hereby transferred to and all hereafter be undertaken by the &eople>s . Duplicate Records to be )urnished the 3ureau of Lands . ?or this purpose' the Land =ank may contract the ser$ices of pri$ate consultants. To carry out the land capability sur$ey and classification mentioned in paragraph "* of Section fifty-one and Section one hundred thirty-two of this Code' there is hereby appropriated out of the unappropriated funds of the 4ational Treasury the amount of ten million pesos. Po7er of the Land Authority to Sell to . ssuance of 3onds . Transfer of Appropriations! Po7ers! )unctions! etc . Sectio %!. Issued bonds accepted as payment for the land sold shall be cancelled to the e+tent of the amount paid.# To ac(uire and own real and personal property and to sell' mortgage or otherwise dispose of the same) !-# To sue and be sued' make contracts' and borrow money from both local and foreign sources. The Bo$ernor of the Land Authority shall issue the title of said land upon showing that the purchaser has begun the de$elopment and culti$ation of his land under plantation administration &ro$ided' That public agricultural land sold as hereinabo$e specified shall not be the ob1ect of any e+propriation as long as the same shall be de$eloped and culti$ated for large-scale production under farm labor management' e+cept as allowed by the Constitution.omesite and housing Corporation. Sectio %".The Land =ank shall' upon recommendation by the =oard of Trustees and appro$al of the 9onetary =oard of the Central =ank' issue bonds' debentures and other e$idences of indebtedness at such terms' rates and conditions as the =ank may determine up to 10 . The legal e+istence of the =ank shall be for a period of fifty years counting from the date of the appro$al hereof.The Land Authority shall furnish the =ureau of Lands with the duplicate records of proceedings on applications for the sale or other disposition of public agricultural lands under its administration. Sectio %3. CHAPTER IV LAND BAN8 Sectio %4. The =ank shall be sub1ect to such rules and regulations as the Central =ank may from time to time promulgate.The Land Authority shall sell' for a price not less than the appraised $alue' any portion not e+ceeding one hundred forty-four hectares in the case of indi$iduals or one thousand twenty-four hectares in the case of corporations of the public agricultural lands transferred to the Land =ank which is suitable for large-scale farm operations to any holder' who is (ualified to ac(uire agricultural lands through purchase' of bonds issued to former landowners whose lands ha$e been purchased for redistribution under this Code' sub1ect to the condition that the purchaser shall' within two years after ac(uisition' place under culti$ation at least thirty per centum of the entire area under plantation administration and the remaining se$enty per centum within fi$e years from the date of ac(uisition. All sales under this Code shall be sub1ect to the pro$ision of Chapter 6 of the &ublic Land Act co$ering sales of public agricultural lands insofar as they are not inconsistent with the pro$isions of this Code.To carry out this main purpose' the =ank shall ha$e the power !"# To prescribe' repeal' and alter its own by laws' to determine its operating policies' and to issue such rules and regulations as may be necessary to achie$e the main purpose for the creation of the =ank) !*# To adopt' alter and use a corporate seal) !.

The Land bank shall make payments in the form herein prescribed to the owners of land ac(uired by the Land Authority for di$ision and resale under this Code. Capital . Sectio 8'. Special (uaranty )und . 8f the total capital subscribed by the Bo$ernment' two hundred million pesos shall be paid by the Bo$ernment within one year from the appro$al of this Code' and one hundred million pesos e$ery year thereafter for two years for which purpose the amount of two hundred million pesos is hereby appropriated upon the effecti$ity of this Code' and one hundred million pesos e$ery year for the ne+t two years thereafter' out of the funds in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated for the purpose &ro$ided' That if there are not enough funds in the 4ational Treasury for the appropriation herein made' the Secretary of ?inance' with the appro$al of the &resident of the &hilippines' shall issue bonds or other e$idence of indebtedness to be negotiated either locally or abroad in such amount as may be necessary to co$er any deficiency in the amount abo$e-appropriated but not e+ceeding four hundred million pesos' the proceeds of which are hereby appropriated &ro$ided' further' That the bonds to be issued locally shall not be supported by the Central =ank &ro$ided' finally' That there is automatically appropriated out of the unappropriated funds in the 4ational Treasury such amounts as is necessary to co$er the losses which shall include among other things loss of earnings occasioned by the limitation of the resale cost herein pro$ided 11 .The =ank' under the super$ision of the 9onetary =oard and sub1ect to the pro$isions of the Beneral =anking Act' shall recei$e sa$ings and time deposits from the small landholders in whose fa$or public lands or landed estates ac(uired by the Land Authority ha$e been sold and' for this purpose' establish' and maintain branches and offices in such areas as may be necessary to ser$ice such deposits.In the e$ent that the =ank shall be unable to pay the bonds' debentures' and other obligations issued by it' a fi+ed amount thereof shall be paid from a special guaranty fund to be set up by the Bo$ernment' to guarantee the obligation of the Land =ank' and established in accordance with this Section' and thereupon' to the e+tent of the amounts so paid' the Bo$ernment of the Republic of the &hilippines shall succeed to all the rights of the holders of such bonds' debentures or other obligations &ro$ided' howe$er' That for the ne+t four years after the establishment of the =ank' the payment to the special guaranty fund should not e+ceed one million pesos per year' after which period' the Bo$ernment shall pay into the guaranty fund the sum of fi$e hundred thousand pesos each year until the cumulati$e total of such guaranty fund is no less than twenty percent of the outstanding net obligation of the Land =ank at the end of any single calendar year. In the e$ent there is an e+isting lien on encumbrance on the land in fa$or of any Bo$ernment institution at the time of ac(uisition by the Land =ank' the bonds and7or shares' in that order' shall be accepted as substitute collaterals to secure the indebtedness. Said income shall be paid to the bondholder e$ery si+ !/# months from the date of issue. In the e$ent that the earnings of the =ank for any single fiscal year are not sufficient to enable the =ank' after making reasonable allowance for administration' contingencies and growth' to declare di$idends at the guaranteed rate' the amount e(ui$alent to the difference between the =ank>s earnings a$ailable for di$idends and that necessary to pay the guaranteed rate shall be paid by the =ank out of its own assets but the Bo$ernment shall' on the same day that the =ank makes such payment' reimburse the latter in full' for which purpose such amounts as may be necessary to enable the Bo$ernment to make such reimbursements are hereby appropriated out of any moneys in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated. The profits accruing from payment shall be e+empt from the ta+ on capital gains. *a5ing Payment to /7ners of Landed Estates . They shall also be accepted as payments for reparation e(uipment and materials. These bonds and other obligations shall be fully negotiable and unconditionally guaranteed by the Bo$ernment of the Republic of the &hilippines and shall be redeemable at the option of the =ank at or prior to maturity' which in no case shall e+ceed twentyfi$e years. Sectio 8!.The Land =ank shall issue' from time to time' preferred shares of stock in such (uantities not e+ceeding si+ hundred million pesos worth of preferred shares as may be necessary to pay the owners of landed estates in accordance with Sections eighty and eighty-one of this Code. These negotiable instruments of indebtedness shall be mortgageable in accordance with established banking procedures and practices to go$ernment institutions not to e+ceed si+ty per centum of their face $alue to enable the holders of such bonds to make use of them in in$estments in producti$e enterprises. Such payment shall be made in the following manner ten per centum in cash and the remaining balance in si+ percent' ta+-free' redeemable bonds issued by the =ank in accordance with Section se$enty-si+' unless the landowner desires to be paid in shares of stock issued by the Land =ank in accordance with Section se$enty-se$en in an amount not e+ceeding thirty per centum of the purchase price. ?or the purpose of such fund' there shall be appropriated annually the sum of one million pesos out of any moneys in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated' until the total amount of twenty million pesos shall ha$e been attained.The authori%ed capital stock of the =ank shall be one billion fi$e hundred million pesos di$ided into ninety million shares with a par $alue of ten pesos each' which shall be fully subscribed by the Bo$ernment and si+ty million preferred shares with a par $alue of ten pesos each which shall be issued in accordance with the pro$isions of Sections se$enty-se$en and eightythree of this Code. The amount of shares that the =ank may issue shall not e+ceed the aggregate amount need to pay for ac(uired estates in the proportions prescribed in said Section eighty of this Code. The =ank shall gi$e sufficient notice to the =udget Commissioner and the &resident of the &hilippines in the e$ent that it is not able to pay the guaranteed rate of return on any fiscal period. The guaranty fund shall be administered by the Central =ank of the &hilippines in the manner most consistent with its charter. Sectio %&. ssuance of Preferred Shares of Stoc5 to )inance Ac&uisition of Landed Estates . The capital gains deri$ed from the sale or transfer of such shares and all income deri$ed therefrom in the form of di$idends shall be fully e+empt from ta+es. The =oard of Trustees shall include as a necessary part of the by-laws that it shall issue under Section se$enty-fi$e of this Code' such formula as it deems ade(uate for determining the net asset $alue of its holdings as a guide and basis for the issuance of preferred shares. The 9onetary =oard shall super$ise and authori%e the =ank to recei$e sa$ings and time deposits from the public in areas where facilities for such a ser$ice do not e+ist or cannot be ade(uately pro$ided by other deposit institutions. The guaranteed rate of return on these shares shall not preclude the holders thereof from participating at a percentage higher than si+ per centum should the earnings of the =ank for the corresponding fiscal period e+ceed the guaranteed rate of return. The =oard of Trustees shall ha$e the power to prescribe rules and regulations for the registration of the bonds issued by the =ank at the re(uest of the holders thereof.an aggregate amount not e+ceeding' at any one time' fi$e times its unimpaired capital and surplus. Recei%ing Payments and Time Deposits . The shares of stock issued under the authority of this pro$ision shall be guaranteed a rate of return of si+ per centum per annum. Sectio %%. Such bonds and other obligations shall be secured by the assets of the =ank and shall be fully ta+ e+empt both as to principal and income. Sectio %8. The =oard of Trustees shall declare and distribute di$idends within three months after the close of each fiscal year at the guaranteed rate unless a higher rate of return in 1ustified by the =ank>s earnings after making reasonable allowance for administration' contingencies and growth' in which case di$idends shall be declared and distributed at a higher rate.

4o person shall be appointed Chairman or member of the =oard unless he is a man of accepted integrity' probity' training and e+perience in the field of banking and finance' at least thirty-fi$e years of age and possessed of demonstrated administrati$e skill and ability. !. Thereafter the Chairman and members' with the e+ception of the e+-officio member' appointed after such initial appointment shall ser$e for a term of se$en years including any Chairman or member who is appointed in place of one who resigns or is remo$ed or otherwise $acates his position before the e+piration of his se$en-year term.The affairs and business of the =ank shall be directed' its powers e+ercised and its property managed and preser$ed by a =oard of Trustees. The Committee on In$estments shall recommend to the =oard of Trustees the corporations or entities from which the Land =ank shall purchase shares of stock. The Chairman and the two fulltime members of the =oard shall act as the heads of such operating departments as may be set up by the =oard under the authority granted by Section eighty-se$en of this Code. Sectio 8&. In case there are $arious bondholders making the offer' the one willing to purchase under terms and conditions most fa$orable to the corporation shall be preferred.All shares of stock in the =ank subscribed or owned by the Bo$ernment shall not be entitled to participate in the income earned by the =ank from its in$estments and other operations' whether in the form of cash or stock di$idends or otherwise.There shall be a Committee on In$estments composed of three members) the member of the =oard of Trustees elected by the holders of preferred shares as Chairman' one member to be appointed by the &resident of the &hilippines from among the go$ernment members of the =oard of Trustees' and another member to be selected by the holders of preferred shares under Section eighty-three of this Code.All preferred shares of stock issued under Section se$enty-se$en of this Code shall be entitled to the income earned by the =ank on its in$estments and other operations and shall ha$e a limited right to elect annually one member of the =oard of Trustees and one member of the Committee on In$estments &ro$ided' That the holders of such preferred shares of stock shall not bring deri$ati$e suits against the =ank. The Chairman shall ha$e authority' e+erciseable at his discretion' to determine from time to time the organi%ational di$isions to be headed by each member ser$ing full time and to make the corresponding shifts in designations pursuant thereto. If no price is acceptable to the corporation' the same shall be determined by a Committee of Appraisers composed of three members' one to be appointed by the corporation' another by the bondholder making the highest or only offer' and the third by the two members so chosen.se of 3onds . Such =oard shall be composed of one Chairman and four members' one of whom shall be the head of the Land Authority who shall be an e+-officio member of such =oard and another to be elected by the holders of preferred shares.e shall be assisted by an 5+ecuti$e 6ice-Chairman and one or more $ice-chairman who shall be chosen and may be remo$ed by the =oard of Trustees. The compensation of the Chairman and the members of the =oard of Trustees ser$ing full time shall be twenty-four thousand and eighteen thousand pesos' respecti$ely. 9oting of Shares . 6ualifications of *embers . Should the Bo$ernment offer for sale to the public any or all of the shares of stock or the assets of any of the Bo$ernment owned or controlled corporations enumerated herein' the bidder who offers to pay in bonds of the Land =ank shall be preferred pro$ided that the $arious bids be e(ual in e$ery respect e+cept in the medium of payment. The Chairman and two members of the =oard of Trustees shall ser$e on fulltime basis with the =ank.otel Company. Such preferred shares shall be fully transferable &ro$ided' further' That upon the li(uidation of the =ank' the redemption of such preferred shares shall be gi$en priority and shall be guaranteed at par $alue.The bonds issued by the Land =ank may be used by the holder thereof and shall be accepted in the amount of their face $alue as any of the following !"# &ayment for agricultural lands or other real properties purchased from the Bo$ernment) !*# &ayment for the purchase of shares of stock of all or substantially all of the assets of the following Bo$ernment owned or controlled corporations The 4ational Ae$elopment Company) Cebu &ortland Cement Company) 4ational Shipyards and Steel Corporation) 9anila Bas Corporation) and the 9anila . Preferred Shares . The e+penses of appraisal shall be borne e(ually by the corporation and the successful purchaser. The Chairman and 9ice$Chairman .e shall ha$e direct control and super$ision of the business of the =ank in all matters which are not by this Code or by the by-laws of the =ank specifically reser$ed to be done by the =oard of Trustees. Sectio 8#. Sectio 8$. The salaries of the 6ice-Chairmen shall be fi+ed by the =oard of Trustees with the appro$al of the &resident of the &hilippines.The Chairman of the =oard shall be the chief e+ecuti$e officer of the =ank. . (o%ernment Shares . Sectio 8%. Dpon offer by the bondholder' the corporation owned or controlled by the Bo$ernment shall' through its =oard of Airectors' negotiate with such bondholder with respect to the price and other terms and conditions of the sale.such that said amount together with the administrati$e e+penses mentioned in Section ninety hereof shall not e+ceed in the aggregate the e(ui$alent of two and one-half per centum of its assets limited therein. 3oard of Trustees . Sectio 84. The other members of the =oard shall recei$e a per diem of one hundred pesos for each session of the =oard that they attend. Amounts e+pended for the administration of the =ank shall not be deemed as a participation of the Bo$ernment in income. <ith the e+ception of the head of the Land Authority and the member elected by the holders of preferred shares' the Chairman and all members of the =oard shall be appointed by the &resident with the consent of the Commission on Appointments for a term of se$en years' e+cept that the first Chairman and members to be appointed under this Code shall ser$e for a period of three' fi$e and se$en years' such terms to be specified in their respecti$e appointments. Committee on n%estments .The $oting power of all the shares of stock of the Land =ank owned or controlled by the Bo$ernment shall be $ested in the &resident of the &hilippines or in such person or persons as he may from time to time designate. Sectio 83. Sectio 88. Sectio 8". 12 .# Surety or performance bonds in all cases where the Bo$ernment may re(uire or accept real property as bonds) and !-# &ayment for' reparations goods. . .

Auditor .The operations' as well as holdings' e(uipment' property' income and earnings of the =ank from whate$er sources shall be fully e+empt from ta+ation. Sectio &$. Sectio &'. Regulation . Sectio &&. The compensation' budget and operating e+penses of the auditing office and the salaries and tra$eling e+penses of the officers and employees thereof shall be fi+ed by the =oard of Trustees and paid by the =ank notwithstanding any pro$ision of law to the contrary.# Any act or performance tending to pre1udice or impair the substantial rights of the stockholders.ouse of Representati$es through its Speaker' to the Secretary of ?inance' to the Auditor Beneral and to the =oard of Trustees of the =ank. Auditing Rules and Regulations . Con$iction of the Chairman or a member for a crime carrying with it a penalty greater than arresto mayor shall cause the remo$al of such Chairman or member without the necessity of &residential action. Remo%al of *embers . The Land Authority' upon re(uest of the =ank' shall assist the latter in the collection of such claims. The =oard of Trustees shall recommend to the Ci$il Ser$ice Commission rules and regulations for the recruitment' appointment' compensation' administration' conduct' promotion and remo$al of all =ank officers and employees under a strict merit system and prepare and conduct e+aminations under the super$ision of said Commission.Any trustee' officer' employee or agent of the =ank who $iolates or permits the $iolation of any of the pro$isions of this Chapter' 13 .The =ank shall be organi%ed within one year from the date that this Code takes effect.The Land =ank shall not in$est in any corporation' partnership or company wherein any member of the =oard of Trustees or of the Committee on In$estments or his spouse' direct descendant or ascendant has substantial pecuniary interest or has participation in the management or control of the enterprise e+cept with the unanimous $ote of the members of the =oard of Trustees and of the Committee on In$estments' e+cluding the member interested' in a 1oint meeting held for that purpose where full and fair information of the e+tent of such interest or participation has been ade(uately disclosed in writing and recorded in the minutes of the meeting &ro$ided' That such interested member shall not in any manner participate in the deliberations and shall refrain from e+erting any pressure or influence whate$er on any official or member of the =ank whose functions bear on or relate to the in$estment of the funds of the =ank in the enterprise &ro$ided' further' That the total in$estment in any single corporation' partnership' company' or association shall not e+ceed fi$e per centum of the total in$estible funds. Transfer of Claims and Liabilities . The Land Authority shall be entitled to collect from the =ank no more than the actual cost of such collection ser$ices as it may e+tend. Sectio &!. Sectio &3. Sectio !''. The report shall contain' among other things' a statement of the resources and liabilities including earnings and e+penses' the amount of capital stock' surplus' reser$e and profits' as well as losses' bad debts' and suspended and o$erdue paper carried in the books as assets of the =ank' and a plantilla of the =ank.The representati$e of the Auditor Beneral shall make a (uarterly report on the condition of the =ank to the &resident of the &hilippines' to the Senate through its &resident' to the . Any pro$ision of law to the contrary notwithstanding' the Land =ank shall ha$e its own Legal Aepartment' the chief and members of which shall be appointed by the =oard of Trustees. Sectio &". The =oard of Trustees shall pro$ide for an organi%ation and staff of officers and employees necessary to carry out the functions of the =ank' fi+ their compensation' and appoint and remo$e such officers and employees for cause. Legal counsel . Sectio &8. Sectio &%. The claims transferred under this Section shall not be considered as part of the Bo$ernment>s subscription to the capital of the =ank. Report on Condition of 3an5 .The Auditor Beneral shall be the e+-officio auditor of the =ank and shall appoint a representati$e' who shall be the auditor in charge of the auditing office of the =ank.The Administrati$e e+penses of the =ank during any single fiscal year shall not in any case e+ceed two and one-half per centum of its total assets.The Secretary of Eustice shall be e+-officio legal ad$iser of the =ank. The =ank officers and employees shall be sub1ect to the rules and regulations issued by the Ci$il Ser$ice Commission but shall not fall under the <age and &osition Classification 8ffice. Tax Exemption .The =ank shall not be sub1ect to the laws' rules and regulations go$erning banks and other financial institutions of whate$er type e+cept with respect to the receipt of sa$ings and time deposits in accordance with Section se$enty-nine of this Code' in which case the legal reser$e and other re(uirements prescribed by the Central =ank for such deposits shall apply. Personnel2 Cost of Administration . The composition' budget and operating e+penses of the 8ffice of the Legal Counsel and the salaries and tra$eling e+penses of its officers and employees shall be fi+ed by the =oard of Trustees and paid by the =ank. /rgani4ation of 3an5 . The Chairman or member may' in any of the abo$e cases' be ci$illy liable for any damage that may ha$e been suffered by the stockholders. The =ank shall be operated as an autonomous body and shall be under the super$ision of the Central =ank. Thereafter' the =ank shall ha$e authority and 1urisdiction to administer the claims' to collect and make ad1ustments on the same and' generally' to do all other acts properly pertaining to the administration of claims held by a financial institution. The Auditor Beneral shall' upon the recommendation of the auditor of the =ank' appoint or remo$e the personnel of the auditing office. Sectio &4. Sectio &#. Penalty for 9iolation of the Pro%isions of this Chapter .The Auditor Beneral shall' with respect to the =ank' formulate impro$ed and progressi$e auditing rules and regulations designed to e+pedite the operations of the =ank and pre$ent the occurrence of delays and bottlenecks in its work.The assets of the former Land Tenure Administration and the 4ational Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration in the form of claims and recei$ables arising from the sale or transfer of pri$ate and public lands' agricultural e(uipment' machinery' tools and work animals' but e+cluding ad$ances made for subsistence' to small landholders shall' after an e+hausti$e e$aluation to determine their true asset $alue' be irre$ocably transferred to the =ank under such arrangements as the Land Authority and the =ank shall agree upon.The &resident of the &hilippines may' at any time' remo$e the Chairman or any member of the =oard appointed by him if the interest of the =ank so re(uires' for any of the following causes !"# 9ismanagement' gra$e abuse of discretion' infidelity in the conduct of fiduciary relations' or gross neglect in the performance of duties) !*# Aishonesty' corruption' or any act in$ol$ing moral turpitude) and !.

Sectio !'3. A farmers> cooperati$e that has been registered with the Securities and 5+change Commission and affiliated with the Agricultural Credit Administration shall be eligible for loans if' in the 1udgment of the latter' its organi%ation' management and business policies are of such character as will insure the safety and effecti$e use of such loans. In instances where credit is e+tended for items which are not consumed in their use' such items may be pledged as security therefor. Any person who' without lawful cause' fails to obey such subpoena or subpoena duces tecum shall' upon application of the head of Agricultural Credit Administration with the proper court' be liable to punishment for contempt in the manner pro$ided by law and if he is an officer of the association' to suspension or remo$al from office. Loaning Acti%ities .&roduction loans and loans for the purchase of work animals' tillage e(uipment' seeds' fertili%ers' poultry' li$estock' feed and other similar items' may be e+tended to small farmers as defined in Republic Act 4umbered 5ight hundred twenty-one' based upon their paying capacity and such securities as they can pro$ide' and under such terms and conditions as the Agricultural Credit Administration may impose' pro$ided the amount thereof does not e+ceed two thousand pesos' or such amount as may be fi+ed by the &resident' but in no case shall the amount of loan e+ceed eighty per centum of the $alue of the collateral pledged. The Agricultural Credit Administration shall promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary in the e+tension of the loans herein authori%ed so as to assure their repayment &ro$ided' That such rules and regulations shall follow and be in accordance with generally accepted financing practices and procedures. 14 . Sectio !'$. Sectio !'".To pro$ide for the effecti$e use of credit by farmers' the Agricultural Credit Administration may institute a program of super$ised credit in cooperation with the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission. Auditing of /perations . Sectio !'#. Reorgani4ation of ACC)A to Align ts Acti%ities .or any person aiding or abetting the $iolations of any of the pro$isions of this Chapter' shall be punished by a fine not to e+ceed ten thousand pesos or by imprisonment of not more than fi$e years' or both such fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the Court. Sectio !!3.?or the effecti$e super$ision of farmers> cooperati$es' the head of the Agricultural Credit Administration shall ha$e the power to audit their operations' records and books of account and to issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books' documents and records in the conduct of such audit or of any in(uiry into their affairs. Pri%ilege of Rediscounting .Loaning acti$ities of the Agricultural Credit Administration shall be directed to stimulate the de$elopment and operation of farmers> cooperati$es. Security for Loans . Dnder such rules and regulations in accordance with generally accepted banking practices and procedures as may be promulgated by the Agricultural Credit Administration' Rural =anks and Ae$elopment =anks may' in their respecti$e localities' be designated to act as agents of the Agricultural Credit Administration in regard to its loaning acti$ities.Loans for the construction or ac(uisition by purchase of facilities of farmers> cooperati$es may be granted by the Agricultural Credit Administration. Sectio !'&.The administrati$e machinery of the Agricultural Credit and Cooperati$e ?inancing Administration created under Republic Act 4umbered 5ight hundred twenty-one' as amended by Republic Act 4umbered Twel$e hundred and eighty-fi$e' shall be reorgani%ed to enable it to align its acti$ities with the re(uirements and ob1ecti$es of this Code and shall be known as the Agricultural Credit Administration.4othing in this Section shall limit the power of the Agricultural Credit Administration to obtain from the Central =ank of the &hilippines' the Ae$elopment =ank of the &hilippines' the &hilippine 4ational =ank and other financing institutions' such additional funds as may be necessary for the effecti$e implementation of this Act &ro$ided' That such additional funds are to be utili%ed as loans to farmers and7or farmers> cooperati$es.The total charges including interest and insurance fees on all kinds of loans shall not be more than eight per centum per annum &ro$ided' That if an impairment of the capitali%ation of the Agricultural Credit Administration is imminent by reason of the limitation of the interest rate herein pro$ided' there is automatically appropriated out of the unappropriated funds in the 4ational Treasury such amounts as is necessary to co$er the losses of the Agricultural Credit Administration' but not e+ceeding si+ million pesos for any one year. (uidance to Cooperati%es .To finance the additional credit functions of the Agricultural Credit Administration as a result of the land reform program laid down in this Code' there is hereby appropriated the sum of one hundred fifty million pesos out of funds in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated in addition to e+isting appropriations for the Agricultural Credit and Cooperati$e ?inancing Administration. Po7er to /btain Additional )unds . Loans to Cooperati%es .The Agricultural Credit Administration is hereby authori%ed to e+tend such types of loans as it may deem necessary for the effecti$e implementation of this Code' to eligible farmers> cooperati$es as herein defined' under such terms and conditions as it may impose and with such securities as it may re(uire. Sectio !'%. Sectio !!". nterest on Loans . Sectio !'4. The term :?armers> Cooperati$es: shall be taken to include all cooperati$es relating to the production and marketing of agricultural products and those formed to manage and7or own' on a cooperati$e basis' ser$ices and facilities' such as irrigation and transport system' established to support production and7or marketing of agricultural products. CHAPTER V AGRICULTURAL CREDIT ADMINISTRATION Sectio !'!.The Agricultural Credit Administration shall ha$e the power to register and pro$ide credit guidance or assistance to all agricultural cooperati$es including irrigation cooperati$es and other cooperati$e associations or fund corporations. Credit to Small )armers . Sectio !!'. Sectio !'8.The Agricultural Credit Administration is hereby granted the pri$ilege of rediscounting with the Central =ank of the &hilippines' the Ae$elopment =ank of the &hilippines and the &hilippine 4ational =ank eligible e$idence of indebtedness ac(uired by it in carrying on its authori%ed acti$ities' at an interest rate e(ual to the lowest charged by the abo$e financing institution on any pri$ate person or entity. Loans for Construction or Ac&uisition by Purchase of )acilities . nstitution of Super%ised Credit .The production of the borrower' after deducting the lease rental and7or liens thereon' shall be accepted as security for loans &ro$ided' That said production is pledged to the Agricultural Credit Administration with appropriate safeguards to insure against its unauthori%ed disposition &ro$ided' further' That the amount of loan shall not e+ceed si+ty per centum of the $alue of the estimated production. Sectio !!!. )inancing .

?or the purpose of accelerating progressi$e impro$ement in the producti$ity of farms' the ad$ancement of farmers and the strengthening of e+isting agricultural e+tension ser$ices through the consolidation of all7promotional' educational and informational acti$ities pertaining to agriculture' the present =ureau of Agricultural 5+tension of the Aepartment of Agriculture and 4atural Resources is hereby placed directly under the e+ecuti$e super$ision and control of the &resident and hereinafter renamed Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission.nsecured and /utstanding Loans .Sub1ect to the appro$al of the &resident upon recommendation of the Auditor Beneral' the Agricultural Credit Administration may write-off from its books' unsecured and outstanding loans and accounts recei$able which may become uncollectible by reason of the death or disappearance of the debtor' should there be no $isible means of collecting the same in the foreseeable future' or where the debtor has been $erified to ha$e no income or property whatsoe$er with which to effect payment. Dpon the effecti$ity of this Code' the Agricultural Tenancy Commission of the Aepartment of Eustice' together with its powers' duties' responsibilities' files' records supplies' e(uipment' personnel and une+pended balance of appropriations' is hereby placed under the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission as a separate office thereof. )ree Notarial Ser%ices . CHAPTER VI AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY COMMISSION Sectio !!&.The Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission shall be administered by an Agricultural &roducti$ity Commissioner who shall be appointed by the &resident with the consent of the Commission on Appointments and who shall ha$e a compensation of si+teen thousand pesos per annum. Sectio !"'. Appropriation .In addition to the e+isting di$isions of the =ureau of Agriculture 5+tension' herein renamed as Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission' there shall be a Ai$ision of Cooperati$es and such other di$isions and sections as the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commissioner may deem necessary to organi%e in order to carry out the promotional and educational acti$ities of the Commission. Di%ision on Cooperati%es .Any 1ustice of the peace' in his capacity as notary e+-officio' shall render ser$ice free of charge to any person applying for a loan under this Code either in administering the oath or in the acknowledgment of instruments relating to such loan. Training of e+tension workers shall be done in con1unction with research institutions to insure their ma+imum efficiency. Sectio !"3. Commissioner of the Agricultural Producti%ity Commission .Any register of deeds shall accept for registration' free of charge any instrument relati$e to a loan made under this Code.Sectio !!4. -riting$off . Recruitment! Selection and Training of Extension -or5ers . Sectio !!%.The e+tension workers shall be recruited and selected from graduates of agricultural college with ade(uate practical e+perience and training in actual crop' tree' poultry and li$estock farming &ro$ided' howe$er' That in the e$ent there are no graduates of agricultural colleges a$ailable' graduates of agricultural high schools may be temporarily employed. Prosecution of /fficials . Sectio !!#. In all cases' the writing-off shall be after fi$e years from the date the debtor defaults. Creation of the Agricultural Producti%ity Commission . Sectio !"". Sectio !"#.In addition to the funds herein transferred' there is hereby appropriated from the general funds in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated the sum of fi$e million pesos' or so much thereof as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.The Agricultural &roducti$ity Commissioner shall e+ercise the same powers and duties $ested in the Airector of the =ureau of Agricultural 5+tension. Sectio !!$. 15 .# To assist farmers in securing the ser$ices or assistance of other agencies' or their personnel' ha$ing to do with rele$ant acti$ities and problems of farmers) !-# To $isit newly-established independent farm operators either singly or collecti$ely at least once a month) !. Sectio !"!. Po7ers and Duties .The Agricultural Credit Administration' through the appropriate pro$incial or city fiscal' shall ha$e the power to file and prosecute any and all actions which it may ha$e against any and all officials or employees of farmers> cooperati$es arising from misfeasance or malfeasance in office. )unctions of Extension -or5ers . 4o person shall be appointed as a Agricultural &roducti$ity Commissioner unless he be a holder of at least a =achelor of Science degree in Agricultural from a reputable school or college of agriculture and shall ha$e practiced agriculture for at least fi$e years' and who is of recogni%ed competence in agricultural economics or any of its e(ui$alents. )ree Registration of Deeds .The Agricultural Credit Administration is hereby e+empted from the payment of all duties' ta+es' le$ies' and fees' including docket and sheriff>s fees' of whate$er nature or kind' in the performance of its functions and in the e+ercise of its powers hereunder. Sectio !"4. Sectio !!8.In addition to their functions under Republic Act 4umbered Si+ hundred eighty' it shall be the duty of e+tension workers !"# To reside in the locality where they are assigned' to disseminate technical information to farmers' and to demonstrate impro$ed farm management practices and techni(ues) !*# To work with indi$idual farmers in farm planning and budgeting' guide them in the proper conduct of farm business and work out schedules of re-payment of loans obtained by farmers) !.# To conduct educational acti$ities that will ac(uaint leaseholders and other independent farm operators with their rights and responsibilities under this Code) !/# To encourage the formation and growth of pri$ate associations' study clubs' committees and other organi%ed groups of farmers' familiari%e them with modern methods of farming and interest them to acti$ely participate' collaborate or take the initiati$e in agricultural research' e+perimentation and implementation of pro1ects in cooperation with the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commissioner and other agencies) and !0# To promote' stimulate and assist in the organi%ation of farmers> cooperati$es. Exemption from Duties! Taxes and Le%ies .

A ma1ority $ote of the members present if there is a (uorum shall be necessary for the appro$al of a resolution. Creation of Land Reform Districts . Creation of National Land Reform Council .# To proclaim in accordance with the pro$isions of this Code' which proclamation shall be considered as ha$ing been promulgated immediately after three successi$e weekly publications in at least two newspapers of general circulation in the region or locality affected by the proclamation' preference being gi$en to local newspapers' if any' that all the go$ernment machineries and agencies in any region or locality relating to leasehold en$isioned in this Code are operating &ro$ided' That the con$ersion to leasehold in the proclaimed area shall become effecti$e at the beginning of the ne+t succeeding agricultural year after such promulgation &ro$ided' further' That the proclamation shall be made after ha$ing considered factors affecting feasibility and fund re(uirements and the other factors embodied in Sections one hundred twenty-nine' one hundred thirty and one hundred thirty-one. Sectio !3'. In the selection of a district' the Council shall consider factors affecting the feasibility of ac(uiring for redistribution the areas within the district' including !"# The producti$ity of the area) !*# Its suitability for economic family-si%e farms) !.# To formulate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the pro$isions of this Code for !a# the selection of agricultural land to be ac(uired and distributed under this Code) !b# the determination of si%es of family farms as defined in Section one hundred si+ty-si+) and !c# the selection of beneficiaries to family farms !/# The number of farmers that culti$ate uneconomic-si%e farms' the ability and readiness of such farmers to be resettled' and the a$ailability of idle or abandoned lands that may be ac(uired or e+propriated as well as of other resettlement facilities. In case of inability' a member may re(uire the officer ne+t in rank in his agency to attend the meeting in his behalf.# The pro+imity of the area to resettlement pro1ects) and !*# To establish guidelines' plans and policies for its member-agencies relati$e to any particular land reform pro1ect) !.The Council shall e+ercise the functions enumerated in the preceding Section for particular areas which the Council shall select and designate as land reform districts. The refusal of any member to implement any resolution or part thereof falling within the scope of the powers granted to his agency shall be sufficient ground for the &resident of the &hilippines to remo$e said member from office or to impose upon him disciplinary or administrati$e sanctions. Dpon such appro$al the resolution shall be final and binding upon all members of the Council and their respecti$e agencies insofar as their functions' powers and duties re(uired under this Code are concerned.# The tenancy rate in the area) !-# The minimum fi+ed capital outlay re(uired to de$elop the area) !. *eetings2 Resolutions . )unctions of National Land Reform Council .It shall be the responsibility of the Council !"# To construct the general program of land reform contemplated by this Code) a$ailable for distribution &ro$ided' That priority shall be gi$en in the following order ?irst' to members of the immediate family of the former owner of the land within the first degree of consanguinity who will culti$ate the land personally with the aid of labor a$ailable within his farm household) Second' to the actual occupants personally culti$ating the land either as agricultural lessees or otherwise with respect to the area under their culti$ation) Third' to farmers falling under the preceding category who are culti$ating uneconomic-si%e farms with respect to idle or abandoned lands) ?ourth' to owner-operators of uneconomic-si%e farms) and ?ifth' to such other categories as may be fi+ed by $irtue of this Code' taking into consideration the needs and (ualifications of the applicants !-# To re$ise' appro$e' or re1ect any land reform proposal or pro1ect) and !. Regional Land Reform Committee . Sectio !"8.CHAPTER VII LAND REFORM PRO9ECT ADMINISTRATION Sectio !"$.There is hereby created a 4ational Land Reform Council' hereinafter called the Council' which shall be composed of the Bo$ernor of the Land Authority' who shall act as Chairman' the Administrator of the Agricultural Credit Administration' the Chairman of the =oard of Trustees of the Land =ank' the Commissioner of the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission and another member appointed by the &resident upon recommendation of the minority party recei$ing the second largest number of $otes in the last &residential election who shall hold office at the pleasure of such minority party' unless sooner remo$ed for cause by the &resident as members and the Agrarian Counsel as legal counsel &ro$ided' That the Council shall not be considered fully constituted and ready to function until after the member representing the minority party has been appointed by the &resident of the &hilippines &ro$ided' further' That the minority party shall submit its recommendation to the &resident within si+ty days from the appro$al of this Code' in the absence of which the Council shall be deemed to be so constituted e$en without such member from the minority party &ro$ided' finally' That the minority representati$e shall recei$e a per diem of fifty pesos for each day he attends a council meeting' chargeable to the appropriations of the Land Authority. Sectio !"%. It shall be the duty of the members to attend any meeting of the Council upon the call of the Chairman.?or the purpose of implementing the program and policies of the Council on the local le$el' the Council shall establish in each region of the 16 . A district shall constitute one or more reform pro1ects' each pro1ect to comprise either a large landed estate or se$eral areas within small estates.The Chairman of the Council shall con$oke the Council as its responsibilities enumerated in Section one hundred twenty-eight may warrant' and shall preside o$er its meetings. Sectio !"&.

CHAPTER VIII LAND CAPABILITY SURVEY AND CLASSIFICATION Sectio !3". The Airector of Lands shall for this purpose send to the officer in charge of such collection a copy of said assessment of costs &ro$ided' howe$er' That the amounts representing the proportional shares of the costs ta+ed against lots sur$eyed at the re(uest and e+pense of their owner and for which a plan other than the cadastral plan has been made by a duly authori%ed sur$eyor prior to the decision in the cadastral proceeding' or which ha$e been registered in accordance with the pro$isions of Act 4umbered ?our hundred ninety-si+' entitled :The Land Registration Act:' or sur$eyed' patented' or leased under the &ublic Land and 9ining Laws' prior to the decision in the cadastral proceeding' or ha$e been declared to the public lands by the Court' shall not constitute a lien against said lot nor shall be collected from the owner thereof &ro$ided' further' That the owner of any lot may' if he so desires' pay any installment of the costs ta+ed against his lot at any time before the same becomes due. The committee shall recommend to the Council such plans for pro1ects of land reform in its 1urisdiction as it may deem appropriate.Dnless otherwise pro$ided in this Chapter' all pro$isions of law co$ering the sur$ey and registration of land shall remain in full force and effect. Sectio !3$. Sectio !3!.&hilippines a Regional Land Reform Committee which shall be composed of the representati$es of the agencies composing the 4ational Land Reform Council and shall be under the chairmanship of the representati$e of the Land Authority. ?or this purpose' it shall gather data' obtain opinions' conduct sur$eys' pursue in$estigations' and incorporate any information thus established in a de$elopment program for the area concerned to be submitted in the form of a consolidated report to the Committee.The costs of the registration proceedings under the pro$isions of this Code shall consist of a sum e(ui$alent to ten per centum of the costs of the sur$ey and monumenting of the land. 17 . Costs of )ees and Charges . Sectio !38. Cadastral Sur%ey .The Regional Land Reform Committee shall direct and assign a Land Reform &ro1ect Team for any pro1ect or pro1ects within the region' to be composed of an appropriate number of personnel from the member-agencies. 5ach succeeding installment shall become due and payable at the same time as the general land ta+es for the corresponding current year and shall be collected in the same manner. The first installment shall become due and payable at the same time as the general land ta+es for the year ne+t succeeding the year in which the assessment of the cost shall be recei$ed by the &ro$incial Treasurer' and shall be collected in the same manner as such general ta+es. The Committee shall conduct public hearings' gather and analy%e data' estimate the essentials of such plans for pro1ects or programs and consolidate its findings in a report to be submitted to the Council for its consideration. Sectio !3&. 8n the basis of national' regional' and local policies and programs formulated and appro$ed by the Council through the Committee' the Team shall determine !a# the suitability of any area for redistribution into economic family-si%e farms) !b# the economic si%e of farm units) !c# the feasibility of ac(uiring and distributing the area) !d# the willingness of the lessees to assume the responsibilities of ownership) and !e# the financial and other re(uirements of the pro1ect. Payment of Costs of Land in ts Entirety in Case of Transfer of Land .8ne-half of the cost of sur$ey and monumenting and registration proceedings shall be fully assessed and collected against each and all of the lots included in cadastral proceedings and shall be apportioned in accordance with the area thereof' but in no case shall less than ten pesos be charged against each lot' the other half being chargeable to the 4ational Bo$ernment. Costs of Registration Proceedings . The team shall be headed by a representati$e of the Land Authority designated by the Committee' but each agency shall' in e$ery case' be duly represented by at least one member in the Team.To resol$e the rights of landholders holding unregistered property' the =ureau of Lands is directed to undertake an e+panded cadastral sur$ey and land registration program commencing within three months from the passage of this Code. The sur$ey shall be made to conform to the re(uirements of the Aepartment of Agriculture and 4atural Resources for implementation of Agricultural programs and forestry in$entory' of the =oard of Technical Sur$eys and 9aps' and of the 4ational 5conomic Council and other agencies for agricultural planning and other purposes. Sectio !34. Sectio !3#. Re%ol%ing )und .To pro$ide the necessary basis for the implementation of the land reform program formulated under this Code' the Land Authority is hereby authori%ed to undertake a land capability sur$ey and classification in cooperation with the rele$ant agencies that will be directly benefited by such sur$ey and classification. The decision of the Council upon such pro1ects or programs shall be returned to the Committee' within thirty days from the submission thereof' for early implementation or e+ecution by said Committee and the agencies represented therein. The amount of the costs of the proceeding so ta+ed shall be for all ser$ices rendered by the Land Registration Commission and the clerk or his deputies in each cadastral proceeding' and the e+pense of publication' mailing' and posting notice' as well as the notices of the decision and the order apportioning the cost shall be borne by the Land Registration Commission. La7s Co%ering Sur%ey and Registration of Land in )orces .4otwithstanding any pro$isions of law to the contrary' the following rules shall apply with respect to the costs' fees and charges in the sur$ey' monumenting' and registration of lands of whate$er description and nature had in relation to cadastral proceedings undertaken by the 4ational Bo$ernment' either alone through its offices' agencies and instrumentalities' or in con1unction with pro$incial and municipal go$ernments. Sectio !3%. Sectio !33. Land Reform Pro'ect Team .All amounts collected by the =ureau of Lands or its duly authori%ed representati$es from the owners of the $arious lots as costs of proceedings' sur$ey' and monumenting in relation to the cadastral sur$ey program herein described shall be paid into a Special Cadastral &rogram Re$ol$ing ?und to finance the cadastral land sur$ey and registration of other unregistered lands. Apportionment of Cost of Sur%ey . The amounts ta+ed against each of the lots or parcels of land shall be considered as a special assessment of ta+es against the respecti$e parcels' shall constitute a first lien upon the land and shall be collected by the Airector of Lands or his duly authori%ed representati$es in e(ual installments within a period of three years' bearing interest at the rate of si+ per centum per annum.In case of the sale' transfer' or con$eyance' for a pecuniary consideration' of any property' or part thereof' registered by $irtue of a decree issued in a cadastral proceeding' prior to the payment of the total amount of the costs ta+ed against such property in accordance with the preceding Section endorsed as an encumbrance or lien upon each cadastral certificate of title' the $endor or his legal representati$e shall pay such costs in their entirety in case the order apportioning the costs has already been issued in the cadastral proceeding in which the property being sold' transferred' or con$eyed is included' and the register of deeds concerned shall demand of the $endor' before registering the deed for such sale' transfer' or con$eyance of said property' that he e+hibit a receipt signed by the Airector of Lands or his duly authori%ed representati$e showing that such encumbrance or lien has been paid. Land Sur%ey to Conform to Legal Re&uirements .

Creation . Sectio !43. Sectio !4".Courts of Agrarian Relations are hereby organi%ed and established throughout the &hilippines in conformity with the pro$isions of this Chapter. 6ualifications of 8udges2 Tenure of /ffice2 Compensation . Sectio !44.To finance and support the e+panded cadastral land sur$ey and registration program set forth herein' the amount of one hundred million pesos is hereby appropriated out of funds in the 4ational Treasury not otherwise appropriated' which amount shall be paid into a :Special Cadastral &rogram Re$ol$ing ?und:' to finance the cadastral land sur$ey and registration of other unregistered areas. 8udges of Agrarian Relations $ The 1udicial function of the Courts of Agrarian Relations shall be $ested in an 5+ecuti$e Eudge and the Regional Aistrict Eudges' who shall be appointed from time to time' depending on the need for their ser$ices' by the &resident of the &hilippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments &ro$ided' howe$er' That the 5+ecuti$e Eudge and the eight Associate Eudges' at the time of the appro$al of this Code' of the Court of Agrarian Relations established and organi%ed under Republic Act 4umbered Twel$e hundred and si+ty-se$en' shall continue as Agrarian Eudges without need of new appointments by the &resident of the &hilippines and new confirmation of the Commission on Appointments &ro$ided' further' That upon the appro$al of this Code' the said 5+ecuti$e Eudge shall continue as such with authority to e+ercise the usual administrati$e functions o$er the Court of Agrarian Relations not incompatible with the pro$isions of this Chapter and shall ha$e his office in 9anila without pre1udice to his holding court in any district where the re(uirements of the ser$ice so warrant' and the eight Associate Eudges shall be assigned as Regional Aistrict Eudges by the 5+ecuti$e Eudge to any of the regional districts as constituted in the preceding Section. Regional Districts . Appropriation .Sectio !4'.Regional districts for the Courts of Agrarian Relations in the &hilippines are constituted as follows The first Regional Aistrict shall consist of the pro$inces of Cagayan' =atanes' Isabela and 4ue$a 6i%caya' with seat in Tuguegarao' Cagayan for =ranch I and in Ilagan' Isabela for =ranch II) The second Regional Aistrict' of the pro$inces of Ilocos 4orte' Ilocos Sur' Abra' 9ountain &ro$ince' La Dnion and the City of =aguio' with seat in Laoag' Ilocos 4orte for =ranch I and in San ?ernando' La Dnion for =ranch II) The third Regional Aistrict of the pro$inces of &angasinan and Fambales' and the City of Aagupan' with seat in Lingayen' &angasinan for =ranch I' in Tayug' &angasinan for =ranch II and in Iba' Fambales for =ranch III) The fourth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$inces of 4ue$a 5ci1a and Tarlac' and Cabanatuan City' with seat in Cabanatuan City for =ranch I' in Buimba' 4ue$a 5ci1a for =ranch II' in Tarlac' Tarlac for =ranch III and in 9oncada' Tarlac for =ranch I6) The fifth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$inces of &ampanga' =ataan and =ulacan' with seat in 9alolos' =ulacan for =ranch I' in San ?ernando' &ampanga for =ranch II' in Angeles' &ampanga for =ranch III and in =alanga' =ataan for =ranch I6) The si+th Regional Aistrict' of the City of 9anila' Gue%on City' &asay City' the pro$ince of Ri%al' the City of Ca$ite' the pro$ince of Ca$ite' the City of Tagaytay' Trece 9artires City' and the pro$ince of &alawan' with seat in 9anila for =ranch I !5+ecuti$e Eudge#' in Ca$ite City for =ranch II and in &asig' Ri%al for =ranch III) The se$enth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Laguna' the City of San &ablo' the pro$ince of =atangas' the City of Lipa' and the pro$inces of 8riental 9indoro and 8ccidental 9indoro' with seat in Los =aHos' Laguna for =ranch I' in =atangas' =atangas for =ranch II and in 9amburao' 9indoro 8ccidental for =ranch III) The eight Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Gue%on' the subpro$ince of Aurora' the City of Lucena' and the pro$ince of Camarines 4orte' with seat in the City of Lucena for =ranch I and in Aaet' Camarines 4orte for =ranch II) The ninth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Camarines Sur' 4aga City' Legaspi City and the pro$inces of Albay' Catanduanes' Sorsogon and 9asbate' with seat in 4aga City for =ranch I' in Legaspi City for =ranch II and in Sorsogon' Sorsogon for =ranch III) The tenth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Capi%' Ro+as City' the pro$inces of Aklan' Romblon' 9arindu(ue and Iloilo' the City of Iloilo' and the pro$ince of Anti(ue' with seat in the City of Iloilo for =ranch I and in Ro+as City for =ranch II) The ele$enth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of 8ccidental 4egros' the Cities of =acolod and Silay' the pro$ince of 8riental 4egros' Aumaguete City' and the subpro$ince of Si(ui1or' with seat in =acolod City for =ranch I' in Aumaguete City for =ranch II and in San Carlos City for =ranch III) The twelfth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Samar' the City of Calbayog' the pro$ince of Leyte' and the Cities of 8rmoc and Tacloban' with seat in Catbalogan' Samar for =ranch I and in 8rmoc City for =ranch II) The thirteenth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Cebu' the City of Cebu' and the pro$ince of =ohol' with seat in the City of Cebu for =ranch I and in Tagbilaran' =ohol for =ranch II) The fourteenth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$inces of Surigao and Agusan' =utuan City' the pro$ince of 8riental 9isamis' Cagayan de 8ro City' the pro$inces of =ukidnon' Lanao del Sur and Lanao del 4orte' and the Cities of Iligan and 9arawi' with seat in Cagayan de 8ro City for =ranch I and in Iligan City for =ranch II) The fifteenth Regional Aistrict' of the pro$ince of Aa$ao the City of Aa$ao' the pro$inces of Cotabato and 8ccidental 9isamis' 8%ami% City' the pro$inces of Famboanga del 4orte and Famboanga del Sur' Famboanga City' =asilan City and the pro$ince of Sulu' with seat in the City of Aa$ao for =ranch I' Cotabato City for =ranch II and 8%ami% City for =ranch III.4o person shall be appointed as 5+ecuti$e Eudge or Regional Aistrict Eudge unless he has been a citi%en of the 18 . CHAPTER I: COURTS OF AGRARIAN RELATIONS Sectio !4!.

Regional Aistrict Eudges shall be appointed to ser$e during good beha$ior' until they reach the age of se$enty years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office' unless sooner remo$ed in accordance with law. Assignment of 8udges to 9acation Duty . Sessions of the Court shall be held at the places of the official station of the respecti$e 1udges &ro$ided' howe$er' That whene$er necessary in the interest of speedy and ine+pensi$e 1ustice and litigation' a 1udge shall hold court in the municipality where the sub1ect matter of the dispute is located' utili%ing the sala of the local 1ustice of the peace court for this purpose. They shall be entitled to tra$eling e+penses when performing their duties outside official stations. Sectio !48.&hilippines for ten years and has practiced law in the &hilippines for a period of not less than ten years or has held during a like period' within the &hilippines' an office re(uiring admission to the practice of law in the &hilippines as an indispensable re(uisite. Sectio !#!. Should the 1udges fail to agree on the distribution of business' then the 5+ecuti$e Eudge shall make the distribution. 9acation of Courts of Agrarian Relations . Time and Place of . Lea%e Pri%ileges2 Tra%eling Expenses . /ath of /ffice .All business appertaining to the Courts of Agrarian Relations of each Regional Aistrict shall be e(uitably distributed among the 1udges of the branches in such manner as shall be agreed upon by the 1udges themsel$es.The Court shall ha$e original and e+clusi$e 1urisdiction o$er !"# All cases or actions in$ol$ing matters' contro$ersies' disputes' or money claims arising from agrarian relations &ro$ided' howe$er' That all cases still pending in the Court of Agrarian Relations' established under Republic Act 4umbered Twel$e hundred and si+ty-se$en' at the time of the effecti$ity of this Code' shall be transferred to and 19 .<ithin thirty days after the appro$al of this Code' the 5+ecuti$e Eudge shall issue an order designating the official station of the 1udges of the branches of each of the Regional Aistricts. A brief monthly report which shall be submitted within the first fi$e days of the succeeding month showing the number and nature of the cases tried in his sala' the place of hearing in each case' the progress of the litigation with corresponding dates and the disposition made thereon shall be rendered by e$ery 1udge under his signature and copies thereof shall be furnished the 5+ecuti$e Eudge' who shall compile and report in an appropriate form the decisions promulgated in important cases.Auring the month of Eanuary of each year the 5+ecuti$e Eudge shall issue an order naming the 1udges who are to remain on duty during the court $acation of that year) and' consistently with the re(uirements of the 1udicial ser$ice' the assignment shall be so made that no 1udge shall be assigned to $acation duty' unless upon his own re(uest' with greater fre(uency than once in two years. Sectio !#3. Sectio !#4.Eudges of the Courts of Agrarian Relations shall be entitled to same retirement and lea$e pri$ileges now granted or may hereafter be granted to 1udges of the court of ?irst Instance. The 5+ecuti$e Eudge may from time to time modify his order assigning the 1udges to $acation duty as newly arising conditions or emergencies may re(uire.Sessions of the Court shall be con$ened on all working days when there are cases ready for trial or other court business to be dispatched.The yearly $acation of Courts of Agrarian Relations shall begin with the first of April and close with the first of Eune each year. Sectio !4%.The 1udges of the Courts of Agrarian Relations shall certify at the end of each month that all petitions and motions in all cases pending decision or resolution for a period of thirty days from submission by the parties ha$e been determined and decided before the date of the making of the certificate. 4o lea$e shall be granted and no salary shall be paid without such certificate. Sectio !#". Sectio !#'. Sectio !4$. The 1udge' in his discretion' may order that but one session per day shall be held instead of two' at such hours as he may deem e+pedient for the con$enience both of the Court and of the public) but the number of hours that the Court shall be in session per day shall be not less than fi$e. A 1udge assigned to $acation duty shall not ordinarily be re(uired to hold court during such $acation) but the 5+ecuti$e Eudge may' when in his 1udgment the emergency shall re(uire' direct any 1udge assigned to $acation duty to hold during the $acation a special term of court in any district. The 1udges may be suspended or remo$ed in the same manner and upon the same grounds as 1udges of the Court of ?irst Instance The 5+ecuti$e Eudge shall recei$e an annual compensation which shall be e(ual to that allowed or may hereafter be allowed for 1udges of the Court of ?irst Instance and the Regional Aistrict Eudges shall recei$e an annual compensation of one thousand pesos less than that of the 5+ecuti$e Eudge. Sectio !4#.=efore entering upon the discharge of the duties of their office' the 1udges shall take and subscribe to an oath of office in accordance with the pro$isions of Section twenty-three of the Re$ised Administrati$e Code.?our 1udges shall be commissioned for each of the fourth and fifth Regional Aistricts) three 1udges shall be commissioned for each of the third' si+th' se$enth' ninth' ele$enth and fifteenth Regional Aistricts) and two 1udges for each of the other Regional Aistricts. Di%ision of 3usiness 3et7een 3ranches . The hours for the daily session of the Court shall be from nine to twel$e in the morning' and from three to fi$e in the afternoon' e+cept on Saturdays' when a morning session only shall be re(uired but the 1udge may e+tend the hours of session whene$er in his 1udgment it is proper to do so. A 1udge who fails or neglects to make his report shall' upon first offense' be liable to warning by the 5+ecuti$e Eudge' and upon repeated failure or neglect may be suspended or remo$ed from office. Sectio !4&. 8udges# Certification as to -or5 Completed . /fficial Station of Regional District 8udges . Such order shall specify' in the case of each 1udge assigned to $acation duty' the territory o$er which in addition to his own district his authority as $acation 1udge shall e+tend. 8urisdiction of the Court . 8udges of Regional Districts .olding Court .

The Clerks of Court shall each recei$e an annual compensation of se$en thousand two hundred pesos. The amount appropriated shall be carried in succeeding appropriations for the Courts of Agrarian Relations. Po7ers of the Court2 Rules and Procedures . !*# Clerks of Court) Gualifications' Auties' Compensation and =ond . Sectio !#&.# 5+propriations to be instituted by the Land Authority &ro$ided' howe$er' That e+propriation proceedings instituted by the Land Tenure Administration pending in the Court of ?irst Instance at the time of the effecti$ity of this Code shall be transferred to and continued in the respecti$e Courts of Agrarian Relations within whose district the sub1ect matter or property is located. Aeputy Clerks of Court and such other employees as may be re(uired shall be appointed by the 5+ecuti$e Eudge' sub1ect to Ci$il Ser$ice law' rules and regulations. Clerks of Courts and other subordinate employees of the Courts of Agrarian Relations shall' for administrati$e purposes' belong to the Aepartment of Eustice) but in the performance of their duties' they shall be sub1ect to the super$ision of the 1udges of the Court to which they respecti$ely pertain. Sectio !#$.continued in the respecti$e Courts of Agrarian Relations within whose district the sites of the cases are located) !*# All cases or actions in$ol$ing $iolations of Chapters I and II of this Code and Republic Act 4umber 5ight hundred and nine) and !. A Court Commissioner shall be a member of the &hilippine =ar and must ha$e been engaged in the practice of law for fi$e years or must ha$e held a position in the go$ernment re(uiring the (ualifications of a lawyer for the same period. Sub1ect to the latter>s direction and super$ision' he may hear e$idence for the Court on any disputed point or issue in any gi$en case or cases and shall after said hearing submit a report of all the cases heard by him together with the records thereof within the period prescribed by the Court.<hene$er any 1udge in any of the Court shall certify to the 5+ecuti$e Eudge that the condition of the docket in his Court is such as to re(uire the assistance of an additional 1udge' or when there is any $acancy in any Court' the 5+ecuti$e Eudge may' in the interest of 1ustice' with the appro$al of the Supreme Court' assign any 1udge of the Court of Agrarian Relations whose docket permits his temporary absence from said Court' to hold session in the Court needing such assistance or where such $acancy e+ists. Sectio !#%.earing 8fficers of the Court of Agrarian Relations' as well as the Clerks of Court at the time of the appro$al of this Code' shall continue as such without the need of new appointment by the &resident of the &hilippines and new confirmation by the Commission on Appointments.Appeals from an order or decision of the Courts of Agrarian Relations may be taken to the Court of Appeals on (uestions of fact and of fact and law or to the Supreme Court on pure (uestions of law' as the case may be' in accordance with rules go$erning appeals from the Court of ?irst Instance as pro$ided in the Rules of Court. They shall e+ercise the same powers and perform the same duties on all matters within the 1urisdiction of the Courts as those e+ercised by the Clerks of Court of the Courts of ?irst Instance. Auring the hearing he may rule upon (uestions of pleading and procedure but not on the merits of the case. Sectio !##. <hene$er a 1udge appointed or assigned in any branch of the Court shall lea$e his district by transfer or assignment to another Court of e(ual 1urisdiction without ha$ing decided a case totally heard by him and which was duly argued or opportunity gi$en for argument to the parties of their counsel' it shall be lawful for him to prepare and sign his decision in said case anywhere within the &hilippines and send the same by registered mail to the clerk of court to be filed in the Court as of the date when the same was recei$ed by the clerk' in the same manner as if the 1udge had been present in the Court to direct the filing of the 1udgment &ro$ided' howe$er' That if a case has been heard only in part' the Supreme Court' upon petition of any of the interested parties to the case and the recommendation of the respecti$e district 1udge' may also authori%e the 1udge who has partly heard the case to continue hearing and to decide said case notwithstanding his transfer or appointment to another court of e(ual 1urisdiction. =efore entering upon the discharge of the duties of his office' he shall file a bond in the amount of ten thousand pesos in the same manner and form as re(uired of the Clerk of the Supreme Court' such bond to be appro$ed by' and filed with' the Treasurer of the &hilippines and shall be sub1ect to inspection by interested parties.There is hereby appropriated the sum of three million fi$e hundred thousand pesos' or so much thereof as may be necessary' out of the unappropriated funds in the &hilippine Treasury for e+penses for courtrooms and court offices' including e(uipment for the Courts and their personnel' for salaries' and for other necessary e+penses that may be incurred in carrying out the pro$isions of this Chapter.The Courts of Agrarian Relations shall ha$e all the powers and prerogati$es inherent in or belonging to the Court of ?irst Instance. Personnel of the Courts of Agrarian Relations !"# Court Commissioners) Gualifications and Compensation . CHAPTER : OFFICE OF AGRARIAN COUNSEL 20 . The Clerk of Court shall re(uire his deputy to gi$e an ade(uate bond as security against loss by reason of his wrong-doing or gross negligence. 4o person shall be eligible for appointment as Clerk of Court unless he is duly authori%ed to practice law in the &hilippines.There shall be twenty-four Court Commissioners who shall recei$e an annual compensation of nine thousand pesos each and shall be appointed by the &resident with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. The Courts of Agrarian Relations shall be go$erned by the Rules of Court &ro$ided' That in the hearing' in$estigation and determination of any (uestion or contro$ersy pending before them' the Courts without impairing substantial rights' shall not be bound strictly by the technical rules of e$idence and procedure' e+cept in e+propriation cases. Sectio !#8. Appropriation . Detail of 8udges to Another District . Appeals .There shall be as many Clerks of Court as there are 1udges' who shall be appointed by the &resident of the &hilippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. The Commissioners' otherwise known as . A Court Commissioner may be assigned by the 5+ecuti$e Eudge to assist in the hearing and in$estigation of cases.

Sectio !$!.Sectio !$'. Appointment of Subordinate /fficials .As used in Chapter I of this Code !"# :Agricultural Land: means land de$oted to any growth' including but not limited to crop lands' salt beds' fish ponds' idle land and abandoned land as defined in paragraphs "2 and "3 of this Section' respecti$ely. The head of the 8ffice shall hereafter be known as Agrarian Counsel and shall ha$e the rank' (ualifications and salary of ?irst Assistant Solicitor Beneral. The compensation of special attorneys transferred to the 8ffice of Agrarian Counsel shall be fi+ed on salary scales corresponding to solicitors of the 8ffice of the Solicitor Beneral &ro$ided' That in the fi+ing of their salary seniority in rank shall be taken into account. !*# :Agricultural lessee: means a person who' by himself and with the aid a$ailable from within his immediate farm household' culti$ates the land belonging to' or possessed by' another with the latter>s consent for purposes of production' for a price certain in money or in produce or both. !-# :Agricultural year: means the period of time re(uired for raising a particular agricultural product' including the preparation of the land' sowing' planting and har$esting of crops and' whene$er applicable' threshing of said crops &ro$ided' howe$er' That in case of crops yielding more than one har$est from planting' :agricultural year: shall be the period from the preparation of the land to the first har$est and thereafter from har$est to har$est. It is distinguished from ci$il lessee as understood in the Ci$il Code of the &hilippines. !. The Agrarian Counsel shall ha$e the power to organi%e such di$isions and sections as will insure ma+imum efficiency of the 8ffice. CHAPTER :I GENERAL PROVISIONS Sectio !$$. Sectio !$4. Special Attorneys .It shall be the responsibility of the 8ffice of the Agrarian counsel' upon proper notification by the party concerned or by the association or organi%ation to which belongs' to represent agricultural lessees' agricultural farm workers and agricultural owner-culti$ators referred to in this Code who cannot engage the ser$ices of competent pri$ate counsel in cases before the Court of Agrarian Relations. Sectio !$#. Dnder no circumstance' howe$er' shall such entrance' e+amination and obser$ation be utili%ed to commit any act of intimidation or coercion nor shall it be utili%ed to impair the ci$il rights of the indi$iduals affected. . The Agrarian Counsel and Aeputy Agrarian Counsel shall be appointed by the &resident with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of Congress and shall be under the direct super$ision of the Secretary of Eustice. The amount appropriated herein shall be carried in the appropriations for the 8ffice of the Agrarian Counsel in the Beneral Appropriations Acts for succeeding fiscal years. )unctions of the /ffice of Agrarian Counsel . Appropriations . !""# :&ro$en farm practices: means sound farming practices generally accepted through usage or officially recommended by the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission for a particular type of farm. !/# ?air rental $alue: means the $alue not in e+cess of allowable depreciation plus si+ per cent interest per annum on the in$estment computed at its market $alue &ro$ided' That the fair rental $alue for work animal or animals and farm implements used to produce the crop shall not e+ceed fi$e per cent of the gross har$est for the work animal or animals and fi$e per cent for implements.# :Court: means the Court of Agrarian Relations. Sectio !$". In both cases' the period may be shorter or longer than a calendar year.There is hereby created in the 8ffice of the Agrarian Counsel eighty additional positions of Special Attorneys' who shall be appointed by the &resident upon recommendation of the Secretary of Eustice and with the consent of the Commission on Appointments.To strengthen the legal assistance to agricultural lessees and agricultural owner-culti$ators referred to in this Code' the Tenancy 9ediation Commission is hereby e+panded and shall hereafter be known as the 8ffice of the Agrarian Counsel. 21 . !"@# :Inspect: means to enter' e+amine and obser$e. They shall ha$e the rank' (ualifications and salary pro$ided by law for a solicitor in the 8ffice of the Solicitor Beneral with the lowest rank.There is hereby appropriated' in addition to the appropriation of the Tenancy 9ediation Commission for ?iscal Iear "3/-' the sum of three million pesos' or so much thereof as may be necessary' out of the unappropriated funds in the 4ational Treasury' for salaries' wages' purchase of motor $ehicles' supplies' e(uipment' and other sundry e+penses. Creation of /ffice of Agrarian Counsel .# :Agricultural lessor: means a person' natural or 1uridical' who' either as owner' ci$il law lessee' usufructuary' or legal possessor' lets or grants to another the culti$ation and use of his land for a price certain. !3# :Incapacity: means any cause or circumstance which pre$ents the lessee from fulfilling his contractual and other obligations under this Code. Definition of Terms . Authority to Administer /ath .The Agrarian Counsel shall appoint the subordinate officials and employees of the 8ffice of Agrarian Counsel' sub1ect to ci$il ser$ice rules and regulations' fi+ their compensation and prescribe their duties. !0# :?arm implements: means hand tools or machines ordinarily employed in a farm enterprise. Sectio !$3.e shall be assisted by a Aeputy Agrarian Counsel' who shall ha$e the rank' (ualifications and salary of Assistant Solicitor Beneral.The Agrarian Counsel' the Aeputy Agrarian Counsel and the Special Attorneys of the 8ffice of Agrarian Counsel are hereby authori%ed to administer oaths free of charge. !2# :Immediate farm household: means the members of the family of the lessee or lessor and other persons who are dependent upon him for support and who usually help him in his acti$ities. !.

!*@# :5conomic family-si%ed farm units: means an area of farm land that permits efficient use of labor and capital resources of the farm family and will produce an income sufficient to pro$ide a modest standard of li$ing to meet a farm family>s needs for food' clothing' shelter' and education with possible allowance for payment of yearly installments on the land' and reasonable reser$es to absorb yearly fluctuations in income. In case of 1uridical persons' the manager or the person who has charge of the management or administration of the property or' in his default' the person acting in his stead' shall be liable under this Section. In case of 1uridical persons' the manager or the person who has charge of the management or administration of the property or' in his default' the person acting in his stead' shall be liable under this Section.# :&ersonal culti$ation: means culti$ation by the lessee or lessor in person and7or with the aid of labor from within his immediate household.# :?arm worker: includes any agricultural wage' salary or piece but is not limited to a farm worker of a particular farm employer unless this Code e+plicitly states otherwise and any indi$idual whose work has ceased as a conse(uence of' or in connection with' a current agrarian dispute or an unfair labor practice and who has not obtained a substantially e(ui$alent and regular employment.# :8wner-manager: means the owner of a parcel of land de$oted to agricultural production who pro$ides the capital and management in the farm enterprise. !". As used in Chapter III of this Code !"2# :Idle lands: means land not de$oted directly to any crop or to any definite economic purpose for at least one year prior to the notice of e+propriation e+cept for reasons other than force ma1eure or any other fortuitous e$ent but used to be de$oted or is suitable to such crop or is contiguous to land de$oted directly to any crop and does not include land de$oted permanently or regularly to other essential and more producti$e purpose. 22 . !*. !**# :Agricultural owner-culti$ator: means any person who' pro$iding capital and management' personally culti$ates his own land with the aid of his immediate family and household. !*-# :Labor administration: means cases where farm workers are employed wholly in the agricultural production. !*"# :Suitably for economic family-si%e farm: refers to situations where a parcel of land whose characteristics' such as climate' soil' topography' a$ailability of water and location' will support a farm family if operated in economic family-si%e farm units and does not include those where large-scale operations will result in greater production and more efficient use of land. !". !"0# :Agrarian dispute: means any contro$ersy relating to terms' tenure or conditions of employment' or concerning an association or representation of persons in negotiating' fi+ing' maintaining' changing' or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment' regardless of whether the disputants stand in the pro+imate relation of farm employers and employees. !"/# :?arm workers> organi%ation: includes any union or association of farm workers which e+ists' in whole or in part' for the purpose of collecti$e bargaining or dealing with farm employers concerning terms and conditions of employment. Sectio !$%. As used in Chapter II !"-# :?arm employer: includes any person acting directly or indirectly in the interest of a farm employer whether for profit or not' as well as a labor contractor' but shall not include any labor organi%ation !otherwise than when acting as a farm employer# or anyone acting in the capacity of an officer or agent of such labor organi%ation. !*/# :Ta+ free: in reference to bonds and shares of stock issued by the Land =ank as payment for ac(uired pri$ate agricultural land shall mean all go$ernment ta+es' e+cept gift ta+ and inheritance ta+.# :Share tenancy: as used in this Code means the relationship which e+ists whene$er two persons agree on a 1oint undertaking for agricultural production wherein one party furnishes the land and the other his labor' with either or both contributing any one or se$eral of the items of production' the tenant culti$ating the land personally with the aid of labor a$ailable from members of his immediate farm household' and the produce thereof to be di$ided between the landholder and the tenant. !*.!"*# :<ork animals: means animals ordinarily employed in a farm enterprise' such as carabaos' horses' bullocks' etc. !"3# :Abandoned lands: means lands de$oted to any crop at least one year prior to the notice of e+propriation' but which was not utili%ed by the owner for his benefit for the past fi$e years prior to such notice of e+propriation. <hene$er the term :farm worker: is used in this Code' it shall be understood to include farm laborer and7or farm employee. !*# Any person' natural or 1uridical' who induces another' as tenant' to e+ecute or enter into a share tenancy contract with himself or with another in $iolation of this Code shall be punished by a fine not e+ceeding fi$e thousand pesos with subsidiary imprisonment in accordance with the Re$ised &enal Code &ro$ided' That the e+ecution of a share tenancy contract shall be considered prima facie e$idence of such inducement as to the owner' ci$il law lessee' usufructuary or legal possessor. Penal Pro%isions !"# 6iolation of the pro$isions of Section thirteen and twenty-se$en and paragraph " of Section thirty-one of this Code shall be punished by a fine not e+ceeding one thousand pesos or imprisonment not e+ceeding one year or both in the discretion of the court.

If' for any reason' any section or pro$ision of this Code shall be (uestioned in any court' and shall be held to the unconstitutional or in$alid' no other section or pro$ision of this Code shall be affected thereby. Separability of Pro%isions .# Any person who wilfully $iolates the pro$isions of Section forty-two of this Code shall' upon con$iction thereof' be sub1ect to a fine of not more than two thousand pesos' or upon second con$iction' to imprisonment of not more than one year or both such fine and imprisonment' in the discretion of the court. Sectio !%!. If any $iolation of Sections forty and forty-one of this Code is committed by a corporation' partnership or association' the manager or' in his default' the person acting as such when the $iolation took place shall be criminally responsible. Sectio !%". Appro$ed August 2' "3/.# Any person who e+ecutes an affida$it as re(uired by Section thirteen of Chapter I' knowing the contents thereof to be false' shall be punished by a fine not e+ceeding one thousand pesos or imprisonment of not more than one year' or both' in the discretion of the court.All laws or parts of any law inconsistent with the pro$isions of this Code are hereby repealed. !. Sectio !%'. Sectio !$&.This Code shall take effect upon its appro$al. !-# Any person who wilfully $iolates the pro$isions of Sections forty and forty-one of this Code shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred pesos nor more than one thousand pesos or by imprisonment of not less than one month nor more than one year' or both such fine and imprisonment' in the discretion of the court. Pending Application for *echani4ation . Effecti%e Date .Any pro$ision of this Code or of any e+isting law to the contrary notwithstanding' not more than si+ty per centum of the specific appropriations pro$ided in this Code for operating e+penditures shall be used for personnel ser$ices &ro$ided' That in the case of the appropriations for the Agricultural &roducti$ity Commission not more than twenty per centum shall be spent for office personnel and other administrati$e e+penses thereof &ro$ided' further' That the total operating e+penditures of the Agricultural Credit Administration shall not e+ceed three per centum of its total capitali%ation in addition to the allowance for losses under Section one hundred ten &ro$ided' furthermore' That all une+pended balances of all appropriations pro$ided in this Code for operating e+penditures shall re$ert to the 4ational Treasury at the end of the fiscal year in conformity with the pro$isions of Section twentythree of Republic Act 4umbered 4ine hundred ninety-two And pro$ided' finally' That all the financial re(uirements of the $arious agencies established in this Code for their operation e+cept the Land =ank and the Agricultural Credit Administration shall be proposed in the &resident>s budget in order that such appropriation as may be necessary therefor may be pro$ided in the Beneral Appropriation Acts for the succeeding fiscal years. To carry out the pro$isions of this Section' there is hereby appropriated the sum of fi$e hundred thousand pesos out of the unappropriated funds in the 4ational Treasury. Sectio !$8. Personnel of Reorgani4ed or Abolished Agencies . Sectio !%3.!. If any $iolation of the pro$isions of Section forty-two of this Code is committed by a corporation' partnership or association' the manager or' in his default' the person acting as such when the $iolation took place shall be criminally responsible. 23 . Prior nconsistent La7s .&ermanent officials and employees of all e+isting go$ernment agencies which are abolished or reorgani%ed under this Code' sub1ect to Ci$il Ser$ice Rules and regulations' shall be absorbed and shall not be di$ested of their positions e+cept presidential appointees &ro$ided' That those presidential appointees who cannot be absorbed and such officials and employees who prefer to be laid-off shall be gi$en gratuity e(ui$alent to one month salary for e$ery year of ser$ice but in no case more than twenty-four month>s salary' in addition to all benefits to which they are entitled under e+isting laws and regulations.Any pro$ision of this Code to the contrary notwithstanding' any application for mechani%ation where corresponding certifications for suitability for mechani%ation and for a$ailability for resettlement by the Agricultural Tenancy Commission and the 4ational Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration' respecti$ely' ha$e been issued and proper notices ser$ed on the tenants at least two months prior to the appro$al of this Code shall be gi$en due course and decided in accordance with the pertinent pro$isions and re(uirements of Republic Act 4umbered 5le$en hundred and ninety-nine' as amended. 3udgeting and Disbursing of Appropriated )unds .