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Personal pronouns

Number Person Gender Personal pronouns subject I you he she it we object me you him her it us

Singular

1st 2nd 3rd

Plural

1st

male/female male/female male female neuter male/female

2nd 3rd Ejemplos: I like coffee. John helped me. Do you like coffee? John loves you. He runs fast. Does John know him? She is happy. Does Mary know her?

male/female male/female/neuter

you they

you them

It is small. Luis likes it. We are a family. Anthony helped us. You are good friends. Does Tony know you? They play basketball. Tim plays with them.

Ejercicios: 1. Completa las frases con los pronombres personales de sujeto correctos. Mira los nombres entre paréntesis. a) ________ is dreaming. (George) b) ________ is green. (The car) c) ________ are on the wall. (The pictures) d) ________ is running. (The dog) e) ________ are watching TV. (My mother and I) f) ________ are in the garden. (The flowers) g) ________ is riding a bike. (John) h) ________ is from Bristol. (Vicky) i) ________ has got a brother. (Richard) j) ________ has got a computer. (Jane)

Come with _____! f. i) My grandparents live in London. (Angie) ________ is from Germany. Karen is next to _____ c. This is my family. c) Bob is my dad. e) (Sue and Simon) ________ are twins. I can't see Mary. Drink your apple juice! Drink _____! e. We are going to the cinema. Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales). a. h) (Canterbury) ________ is not from London. The chair is very comfortable.2. a) My name is Mary. (Mary) ________ am English. Judy. (Judy) ________ is two years old. He gave _____ the book. El símbolo (*) indica que te están preguntando a ti. Angie and Bob) ________ live in Canterbury. Mary and I are going shopping. I can't see _____ b. Se utiliza tanto como un verbo principal como un verbo auxiliar y es irregular en el presente y el pasado. b) My mum's name is Angie. The cat is sleeping. Please sit in ___ i. (My grandparents) ________ often come and see us. Reemplaza las palabras entre paréntesis por el pronombre personal correcto. To be (Ser/Estar) El verbo "to be" es el verbo más importante del inglés y al mismo tiempo el más complicado. f) Our dog is a female (hembre). I went to the cinema with Joe and Tom. h. Affirmative (Afirmativo) . (Simon) ________ is my brother. g) (Sue. (Bob) ________ is a writer. Completa las frases usando el pronombre de objeto apropiado. j) What can (*)________ tell me about your family? 3. Do not disturb ____ j. Mary es la persona que habla. Karen is next to Peter. Simon. _____ are going shopping. d) On the left you can see Simon. Can you help Peter and Ann? Can you help ______? d. I went with _____ g. Tom gave the book to Mary.

? ¿Es/está.? Are you..Sujeto I You He/She It We You They Presente simple am are is is are are are Forma corta I'm You're He's/She's It's We're You're They're Español Yo soy/estoy Tú eres/estás Él/Ella es/está Es/está Nosotros somos/estamos Vosotros sois/estáis Ellos son/están Negative (Negativo) Sujeto I You He/She It We You They Presente simple am not are not is not is not are not are not are not Forma corta I'm not You're not/You aren't He's/She's not/ He/She isn't It's not/It isn't We're not/ We aren't You're not/You aren't They're not/They aren't Español Yo no soy/estoy Tú no eres/estás Él/Ella no es/está No es/está Nosotros no somos/estamos Vosotros no sois/estáis Ellos no son/están Interrogative (Interrogativo) Nota: En preguntas con el verbo "to be"...? Español ¿Yo soy/estoy. You aren't a student (No eres estudiante). También se puede utilizar con las preposiciones de lugar para indicar dónde algo está localizado.....? Is it.. Se utiliza "to be" como verbo principal para mostrar el estado o las características de algo o alguien.? ¿Nosotros somos/estamos..........? Algunos de sus usos: 1..? ¿Tú eres/estás.. Presente simple Am I....? ¿Él/Ella es/está. . Ejemplos: Con un sustantivo: I am a teacher (Soy profesor)..? ¿Vosotros sois/estáis.. el sujeto y el verbo cambian posiciones.. Is he a doctor? (¿Él es el médico?).. Con una preposición de lugar + un sitio: She is in New York (Ella está en Nueva York)..? Are we.? ¿Ellos son/están..? Are they.? Is he/she.? Are you. They aren't at home (Ellos no están en casa).

she _________. You are at home this weekend (frase interrogativa) h. Are you tired? (Estás cansado?). You are from Denmark (frase negativa) e. He ________ from Barcelona. Transforma las siguientes frases en frases interrogativas o negativas según se pide en las instrucciones entre paréntesis. I am late for class (frase interrogativa) g. It is late. _______ the book on the table? No. (frase interrogativa) d. She _________ a doctor. They are my friends (frase negativa) f. 2. _______ John and Paul at home? No. She is married (frase negativa) . Teachers are on holiday in August. they _______. -------------------------------------EJERCICIOS: 1. it _______. They _______ at the university. It ________ on the chair. _______ you American? No. Con un adjetivo: We are happy (Nosotros estamos contentos). He isn't sad (Él no está triste). he ________. This seat is free (frase interrogativa) i. Your brother is a doctor (frase negativa) b. Utiliza el verbo to be en su forma correcta: _______ Jane a teacher? No. _______ your father from Madrid? No. (frase interrogativa) c. a.Is the book on the table? (¿El libro está en la mesa?). I _________ Australian. I ________.

He walks to work every day. Underline all the verbs in the text. Look for all the personal pronouns in the text. He lives very close to the bank. Tom likes to talk to the customers and to make them feel happy. He helps all the workers and tells them what to do. They drive cars to work. Answer the following questions: a. He starts work every day at 8:00 am. What time does Tom start work? b.He really likes his job. In the bank. and they say hello to him when they come to the bank. How does Tom feel about his job? Does he like it? 2. 1 . What is the tense of those verbs? ------------------------------------ . He likes his job. He is the manager. Are they subject or object pronouns? 3. Mary is happy here (frase negativa) Time to read! Tom works at a bank. but they do not live close to it. Many customers like Tom. Does Tom live close to the bank? d. Tom is the boss.j. He is also very good at it. He finishes work every day at 6:00 pm. Does Tom talk to customers? e. They start work at 9:00 am. His brother and sister also work at the bank. Does Tom drive a car to work? c.

habits My friend often draws nice posters First I get up. then I have breakfast 2) things in general The sun rises in the East. scheduled events The plane flies to London every Monday 4) instructions Open your books at page 34. 3) fixed arrangements.Simple present Use 1) repeated actions. Form Affirmative sentences: I You He/She/it We You They Examples: I read books We sing pop songs They play handball Negative sentences: My brother reads books She sings pop songs John plays handball .

write) (speak) (not like) . She __________e-mails c. ________ you ________ English? d. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in simple present: a.I You He/She/it We You They Examples: I I My friend My mum like like likes like computers computers computers computers do not (don't) does not (doesn't) Questions: I You He/She/it We You They Examples: In questions. we use the auxiliary do Do you play football? Do you like computers? Do they work at a bank? Does she play handball? Does he like computers? Exercises: 1. They _________ hockey at school b. My parents __________ fish (play) (not .

Leroy ________ very fast (have) (work) (not.e. _________ Elizabeth _________ cola? (not ride) (drink) . Ivonne's mother _______ a motorbike j. g.read) (water) h. _________ Anne __________ any hobbies? f. _________ Jim and Joe _________ the flowers every week? i. Andy's brother ________ in an office.