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KITZ 101, 102, 103 Interface Units

G Enables K-Bus to be interfaced with IEC870 communications links G Provides for remote relay communications via modems G Optionally adds a real time tag to relay reply messages G Allows synchronisation of real time clock via the communications link G Desk top or back of panel mounting G Provides visual indication of communication operation on each port G Suitable for electrically hostile environments G KITZ 103 enables Optimho (LFZP) distance relays to be interfaced onto K-Bus
Figure 1: KITZ Interface Unit

The KITZ interface units provide protocol conversion between K-Bus, the communication medium for Courier compatible devices, and IEC870 frame format data. It provides a serial connection (RS232/IEC870) which enables a master station (typically a personal computer) running Courier software to communicate with slave devices. The KITZ can be used to implement an integrated protection and control system utilising the serial communications facility of relays. Courier, the communication language for GEC ALSTHOM relays, provides access to relay menus allowing the user to read, change and control relay functions. Courier is based on a master-slave system whereby relays

only respond when requested to do so by the master PC. All information is stored in the relays to form a distributed database which, combined with the generic nature of Courier, provides for ongoing relay developments without the need for software updates. Devices are linked using K-Bus which consists of a screened twisted pair of wires, an arrangement developed for communicating in electrically hostile environments. Up to 32 devices can be connected in parallel on a single spur up to a maximum length of 1 km.

Models Available
KITZ 101 Interface unit suitable for desk top mounting with ac auxiliary supply. KITZ 102 Interface unit suitable for back of panel mounting with ac or dc auxiliary supply. KITZ 103 Offers protocol conversion between KBus and Optimho (Opticom) enabling integration of Optimho relays onto KBus. The KITZ 103 is suitable for back of panel mounting with ac or dc auxiliary supply.


Separate conventional wiring is used for these functions. The KITZ 101/102 interface unit offers protocol conversion between K-Bus and IEC870 formats. This provides access to all of the functions of connected relays from a master station. all relay functions can be accessed via the KITZ 101/102. The unit provides a partial Courier interface enabling particular information from the Optimho relay to be accessed. SCADA systems unable to communicate using Courier language require an additional protocol converter between the substation RTU and the KITZ 101/102 interface unit. Typical application of the KITZ 103 is shown in Figure 4. Typical applications are shown in Figures 2 and 3. disturbance and event records and remote circuit breaker operations are functions available using K-Bus. Subject to the capabilities of the SCADA system. in a similar manner to K-Series relays. configuration. KITZ 101/102 application with a SCADA system is shown in Figure 2 below. 3 . Alternatively the KITZ 101/102 may be connected via modems and a telephone network for remote access to devices. where available as part of integrated control systems. Relay setting changes. It should be noted that protection tripping and blocking signals are not routed via the K-Bus and KITZ interface units. such as a PC. RS232/IEC 870 Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) KITZ 101 KB US 2 1 Mains cable K-Bus to terminals 1 & 2 screen to K-Bus K Range relays KB US 1 2 Detail of earth link & external resistor when fitted Figure 2: Typical application of KITZ 101 interface unit.Application KITZ 101/102 The KITZ 101/102 interface unit facilitates communications between K-Bus which links Courier compatible devices and the serial port of a PC. and will typically be applied in substations where a number of K-Bus compatible relays are operating. the unit provides protocol conversion of Opticom messages. The KITZ 101/102 interface unit provides protocol conversion which allows for relay communications with SCADA systems. Additionally. KITZ 103 The KITZ 103 enables the Optimho (LFZP) distance protection relay to be interfaced onto K-Bus. enabling remote communication with the relay over K-Bus using a modified version of the Opticom communication software package. Remote tripping and closing signals. The KITZ 101/102 may also be used for interfacing K-Bus with remote terminal units (RTUs) forming part of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems having Courier language capability. are transmitted via K-Bus and KITZ. Intelligent SCADA systems capable of protocol conversion may communicate with relays using Courier language via the KITZ 101/102 connected to an RS232 port of a substation RTU.

automatically converting messages containing an Opticom identifier. including the ability to change relay settings 4 .00 and later. The KITZ 103 also acts as a protocol converter. communication between the master station and KITZ 101/102 may be established via the telephone network and modems. The information includes fault records.Telephone network Modem Modem RS232/IEC 870 Auxiliary supply PC KB T US O IEC 87 0 IN OPT TER FA CE IO NS 01 Z1 KIT 1 0 67 87 45 23 IEC Tx 0 01 Rx US KB Tx Rx KITZ 102 K-Bus K Range relays Figure 3: Typical application of KITZ 102 interface unit. The KITZ 103 provides a partial Courier interface for the Optimho relay. enabling certain information from the relay to be accessed in a similar manner to that of the K-Series relays. The unit automatically generates a Courier event. Functions KITZ 101/102 Protocol Conversion The KITZ interface unit’s main function is to convert between K-Bus message data and IEC870 format for communications with a PC. Modem Interface For applications where a master station is located remotely from the devices. When activated. This allows accurate sequence of events to be established despite possible transmission delays on the IEC870 network. The KITZ 101/102 may be configured to support modem communications Real Time Clock (RTC) The KITZ 101/102 provides optional date and time tagging to received K-Bus messages. measurement values and the ability to change the relay active settings group. This feature therefore provides access to the relay over K-Bus via the Opticom communication software. Note that the Opticom identifier is automatically added to messages transmitted from the PC using Opticom 100 version 5. KITZ 103 The function of the KITZ 103 is different to that of the KITZ 101/102. and remains logged on in order to detect and extract new fault records and to extract measurement values. The real time clock is backed up by an internal battery. The event is created using the time/date and description of the extracted fault. The KITZ 103 unit automatically logs on to the Optimho relay it is connected to on startup. The unit can be logged off by the user through the Courier interface. the KITZ 101/102 appends an IEC870 format date and time tag to received K-Bus messages containing an unsynchronised millisecond timer count.00 or Opticom 140 version 3. or by pressing the RESET button on the relay front panel. which can be displayed on the PC. when a new fault record is extracted.

The KITZ contains two channels. as well as ‘transmit’ and ’receive’ status of both the K-bus and the RS232/IEC870 channels. 5 . typically for communications using existing SCADA systems. Alternatively the Courier Communications application guide defines Courier communications sufficiently to allow software to be written for specific applications.5mm x 163 mm x 216 mm deep. as well as some additional relay functions.RS232/IEC 870 KITZ 102 KB US 1 2 Auxiliary supply PC RS232 Optimho (LFZP) K Range relays (when fitted) K-Bus KITZ 103 KB US 1 2 Auxiliary supply Figure 4: Typical application of KITZ 103 interface unit Hardware Description The KITZ interface unit is housed in a case of dimensions 57. An RS232 port and K-Bus terminals are located on the rear panel. Eight option switches for local configuration of the KITZ are also located on the front plate. available as desk top model KITZ 101 or back of panel mounted as KITZ 102. is also available. User Interface Front Panel User Interface The front plate contains 5 LEDs to indicate ‘power on’. Additional software entitled Protection Access Software and Toolkit (PAS&T) which provides access to disturbance and event records. The communications functions are performed by a Serial Communications Controller (SCC). A 16 bit microprocessor controls the software and communications functions of the KITZ. each able to receive and transmit via their respective communications port. a K-Bus channel and an RS232/IEC870 channel. Communications Protocol Courier Access Software is provided with the KITZ 101/102 to allow access to the relays to read and change settings.

1 stop bit) Courier Synchronous RS485 FM0 (Bi Phase space) HDLC 64k/bit per second Screened twisted pair 1000m of cable (maximum) 32 units (multi-drop system) 2kV rms for one minute 150Ω <5VA <5VA <3W Frame format (switch 3 = position 1): *Note: The use of the 10 bit frame format will result in a less secure communications protocol which does not meet IEC 870-5FT1. 8 data bits. no parity. 1 parity (even) 1 stop bit) Asynchronous – 10 bit* (1 start bit. 8 data bits.2 requirements. 6 . Data rate: RS232 cable: RS232 cable length: RS232 Loading: 1200 to 57600* bits per second RS232 serial interface lead 15m of cable (maximum) (or 2500pF total cable capacitance) 2 units (point to point system) *Note: Optimho data limited to 4800 bits per second.Technical Data Ratings Auxiliary supply Nominal (V) KITZ 101 110V/230V ac KITZ 102/103 24/125V ac/dc 48/250V ac/dc 87 – 265V ac 50/60Hz 19 – 150V dc 50 – 133V ac 50/60Hz 33 – 300V dc 87 – 265V ac 50/60Hz Operative Range (V) Burdens Auxiliary supply KITZ 101 KITZ 102/103 ac ac dc Communication ports K-Bus port Language: Transmission mode: Signal level Transmission coding: Frame Format: Data rate: K-Bus cable: K-Bus cable length: K-Bus Loading: Isolation: Termination resistor RS232/ port frame format Language: Transmission: Transmission coding: Frame format (switch 3 = position 0): Courier Asynchronous – RS232 voltage levels NRZ Asynchronous – 11 bit (1 start bit.

Electrostatic discharge IEC 255-22-2: 1989 Class III IEC 801-2: 1991 8. Level 3 (2.0kV. No additional tolerances are required for the operating time or the unit’s thresholds.5J between all independent circuits and between all terminals and the protective earth terminal. Compliance to the European Commission Directive on EMC is claimed via the Technical Construction File route.5kV peak between independent circuits and case. Fast transient disturbance IEC 255-22-4: 1992 Class III 2.0kV.0kV –discharge in air. Level 2 (4. 5kHz) applied directly to all inputs. 7 . High frequency disturbance IEC 255-22-1: 1988 Class III IEC 801-4: 1988 EMC compliance 89/336/EEC EN 50081-2: 1994 EN 50082-2: 1995 Product safety 73/23/EEC EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 EN 60950: 1992/A3: 1995 Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive.0kV) – point contact discharge. under normal operating conditions. Generic Standards were used to establish conformity. 1. 5kHz applied directly to auxiliary supply and K-Bus communications port. 1. 2kV rms for 1 minute between the auxiliary supply terminals connected together and the K-Bus terminals connected together.0kV peak across terminals of the same circuit.High voltage withstand Dielectric withstand IEC 255-5: 1977 2kV rms for 1 minute between the auxiliary suppy terminals and the K-Bus terminals connected together and case earth. without de-energising. High voltage impulse IEC 255-5: 1977 Three positive and three negative impulses 5kV peak. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards. 2. Electrical environment DC supply interruption (KITZ102 only) IEC 255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand a 10ms interruption in the auxiliary supply. 0.2/50µs.

Atmospheric environment Temperature IEC 255-6: 1988 IEC 68-2-1: 1990 IEC 68-2-2: 1974 Humidity IEC 68-2-3: 1969 Enclosure protection IEC 259: 1989 Mechanical environment Vibration IEC 255-21-1: 1988 Shock and bump IEC 255-21-2: 1988 Response Class I Endurance Class I Shock response Class I Shock withstand Class I Bump Class I Seismic IEC 255-21-3: 1993 Class I Storage and transit –25°C to +70°C Operating –25°C to +55°C Cold Dry heat 56 days at 93% RH and +40°C IP20 Case KITZ 101 – Desk top mounting KITZ 102 – Back of panel mounting KITZ 103 – Back of panel mounting Case dimensions are shown in figures 5 and 6. Additional Information KITZ 101. 102 Service Manual KITZ 103 Service Manual Optimho Service Manual Courier Communications Application Guide Courier Communications for Integrated Protection & Control Systems R8521 R8532 R5911 – R5915 R6509 – R6513 R4113 8 .

0 No K-Bus 65.0 205.0 K-Bus 4 (Typ) SW 1 2 No Vx Link not fitted on KITZ 103 4 off mounting lugs 57.5 57.0 163.0 174.5 Figure 6: Case outline for KITZ 102/103.0 205.0 SW 1 2 Vx V AUXILIARY SUPPLY VOLTAGE 181.216.0 179. 216.5 Rubber mounting feet Figure 5: Case outline for KITZ 101. 9 .0 V- 163.

desktop K-Bus/IEC870 interface .Order Details Unit type: KITZ AEA 1 0 1 K-Bus/IEC870 interface . 103 only) Auxiliary voltage: 24/125V ac/dc (not available KITZ 101) 48/250V ac/dc (ac only KITZ 101) 0 1 X X Y 2 5 10 .back of panel 1 0 2 1 0 3 K-Bus/Optimho interface Software: Standard Case size: Standard Mounting: Desktop (KITZ 101 only) Back of panel (KITZ 102.

IEC870 frame format of the serial port data is only available selectively on the KITZ 101/102 unit. An abbreviation for Protection Access Software and Toolkit which is PC based software used to access relay functions using Courier communications. An abbreviated term for the communication standard IEC870-5 FT1. measurement centres or similar.Glossary Courier A communication language developed to provide generic control. The terms “relay” and “device” refer to K-Bus Courier communicatiing devices such as protection relays. The 64 kbps twisted pair cable used to connect relays and transfer Courier data. The interface unit which converts between K-Bus and RS232/IEC870 format data. data extraction and setting changes on remote devices (primarily protective relays) within the substation environment. input/output devices.2 which is used to transfer Courier data over modems and RS232 connections. GEC ALSTHOM distance protection relay. however. also designated LFZP. monitoring. Refers generally to the serial port of the KITZ 101/102/103 interface unit. K-Bus PAS&T KITZ IEC870 Optimho Opticom RS232/IEC870 Port Relay/Device 11 . The software package used to communicate with Optimho relays.