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This intellectual property belongs to Ved Prakash

2012

HOME MADE FERTILIZER


a fertilizer is a chemical substance which is added to soil in order to replenish its lost chemical fertility . One of the major demerits with inorganic fertilizers is its cost . A lot of people, specially the farmers face problems due to the high prices of artificial fertilizers . The reason for the high prices of fertilizers are :

manufacturing costs expensive raw materials labour charge transport charge personal benefits of retailors

the last three reasons almost double the prices . So, it would be much better & cost effective to some how manufacture them at home and that also by using household waste ! It will also help in reduction of environmental pollution. In order to overcome above stated problems, i invented an artificial home-made fertilizer using dead batteries & house-hold chemicals. Chemicals added :

boric acid [B(OH)3]--- boron common salt [NaCl]----- sodium & chloride potash alum [K2SO4.Al2SO4.24H2O] {Phitkiri}------ potassium , aluminium & sulphate dry cell (torch battery) parts

zinc chloride [ZnCl2] ------ zinc & chloride ammonium chloride [NH4Cl]----- ammonium & chloride ions manganese dioxide [MnO2 ]--- manganese

iron rust [FeO.Fe2O3.xH2O]----- ferrous & ferric ions water urine [urea solution]. Limestone [CaCO3]

the ions which were furnished are:Boron[B3+] , Sodium [Na+ ] , Chloride [Cl-] , Potassium [K+] , Aluminium [ Al3+] , Zinc [Zn2+] , Ammonium [NH4+] , Manganese [Mn4+] , Iron [ferrous Fe2+ & ferric Fe3+]. This mixture was left undisturbed for 1 month . Then it was diluted 50 times & was then added to soil. The plants suffering from various plant diseases such as purple colouration of
Email: ved.bakli@gmail.com

This intellectual property belongs to Ved Prakash


leaves, stunted growth, dull & deformed leaves, dieing nodes & buds, chlorosis (yellow colouration of leaves) etc. were treated with this mixture.

2012

They recovered within a week & beautiful , healthy & fleshy leaves sprouted out. Size of the new leaves were almost four times the diseased ones ! Within a month, the plant recovered completely form the diseased conditions . This showed the effectiveness of the fertilizer even under such crude experimental conditions. Very soon this experiment will be conducted at NISER under much more controlled conditions so as to know the merits & demerits further improvements of this fertilizer . References: 1. Wikipedia 2. NCERT class XII text book

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copied material from internet.


Boron Stunted growth, foliage small, yellow and puckered at tips. Symptoms include dying growing tips and bushy stunted growth. Boron is believed to be involved in carbohydrate transport in plants; it also assists in metabolic regulation. Boron deficiency will often result in bud dieback. Calcium

Symptoms
Calcium deficiency symptoms appear initially as generally stunted plant growth, necrotic leaf margins on young leaves or curling of the leaves, and eventual death of terminal buds and root tips. Generally the new growth of the plant is affected first. The mature leaves may be affected if
Email: ved.bakli@gmail.com

This intellectual property belongs to Ved Prakash


the problem persists

2012

iron Symptoms include leaves turning yellow or brown in the margins between the veins which may remain green, while young leaves may appear to be bleached. Fruit is of poor quality and quantity. Magnesium Symptoms include, yellowing between leaf veins, which stay green, giving a marbled appearance. This begins with older leaves and spreads to younger growth. Manganese yellowing of leaves with smallest leaf veins remaining green to produce a chequered effect. The plant may seem to grow away from the problem so that younger leaves may appear to be unaffected. Brown spots may appear on leaf surfaces, and severely affected leaves turn brown and wither. Manganese activates some important enzymes involved in chlorophyll formation. Manganese deficient plants will develop chlorosis between the veins of its leaves. The availability of manganese is partially dependent on soil pH. Nitrogen Symptoms include poor plant growth, leaves are pale green or yellow in the case of brassicas. Lower leaves show symptoms first. Leaves in this state are said to be etiolated with reduced chlorophyll. Flowering and fruiting may be delayed. Phosphorus Symptoms include poor growth, and leaves that turn blue/green but not yellowoldest leaves are affected first. Fruits are small and acid tasting. Potassium Plants require potassium ions (K+) for protein synthesis and for the opening and closing of stomata, which is regulated by proton pumps to make surrounding guard cells either turgid or flaccid. A deficiency of potassium ions can impair a plant's ability to maintain these processes. The deficiency most commonly affects fruits and vegetables, notably potatoes, tomatoes, apples, currants, and gooseberries, and typical symptoms are brown scorching and curling of leaf tips, and yellowing of leaf veins. Purple spots may also appear on the leaf undersides.

Chlorine is necessary for osmosis and ionic balance; it also plays a role in photosynthesis. Cobalt is essential to plant health. Cobalt is thought to be an important catalyst in nitrogen fixation. It may need to be added to some soils before seeding legumes. Copper is a component of some enzymes and of vitamin A. Symptoms of copper deficiency include browning of leaf tips and chlorosis. Iron is essential for chlorophyll synthesis, which is why an iron deficiency results in chlorosis.
Email: ved.bakli@gmail.com

This intellectual property belongs to Ved Prakash

2012

Molybdenum is essential to plant health. Molybdenum is used by plants to reduce nitrates into usable forms. Some plants use it for nitrogen fixation, thus it may need to be added to some soils before seeding legumes. Zinc participates in chlorophyll formation, and also activates many enzymes. Symptoms of zinc deficiency include chlorosis and stunted growth.

Email: ved.bakli@gmail.com