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IEC 60870-5 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

This article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subjec t. Please help improve the article with a good introductory style. (January 2011 ) IEC 60870 part 5 [1] is one of the IEC 60870 set of standards which define syste ms used for telecontrol (supervisory control and data acquisition) in electrical engineering and power system automation applications. Part 5 provides a communi cation profile for sending basic telecontrol messages between two systems, which uses permanent directly connected data circuits between the systems. The IEC Te chnical Committee 57 (Working Group 03) have developed a protocol standard for t elecontrol, teleprotection, and associated telecommunications for electric power systems. The result of this work is IEC 60870-5. Five documents specify the bas e IEC 60870-5: IEC 60870-5-1 Transmission Frame Formats IEC 60870-5-2 Data Link Transmission Services IEC 60870-5-3 General Structure of Application Data IEC 60870-5-4 Definition and Coding of Information Elements IEC 60870-5-5 Basic Application Functions IEC 60870-5-6 Guidelines for conformance testing for the IEC 60870-5 companion s tandards The IEC Technical Committee 57 has also generated companion standards: IEC 60870-5-101 Transmission Protocols, companion standards especially for basic telecontrol tasks IEC 60870-5-102 Companion standard for the transmission of integrated totals in electric power systems (this standard is not widely used) IEC 60870-5-103 Transmission Protocols, Companion standard for the informative i nterface of protection equipment IEC 60870-5-104 Transmission Protocols, Network access for IEC 60870-5-101 using standard transport profiles IEC 60870-5-101/102/103/104 are companion standards generated for basic telecont rol tasks, transmission of integrated totals, data exchange from protection equi pment & network access of IEC101 respectively.

Contents [hide] 1 IEC 60870-5-101 1.1 Features 1.2 Frame format 1.3 Types supported 2 IEC 60870-5-103 2.1 Frame format 2.2 Supported Types 3 IEC 60870-5-104 4 References IEC 60870-5-101[edit]

IEC 60870-5-101 [IEC101] is a standard for power system monitoring, control & as sociated communications for telecontrol, teleprotection, and associated telecomm unications for electric power systems. This is completely compatible with IEC 60 870-5-1 to IEC 60870-5-5 standards and uses standard asynchronous serial tele-co ntrol channel interface between DTE and DCE. The standard is suitable for multip le configurations like point-to-point, star, mutidropped etc. Features[edit] Supports unbalanced (only master initiated message) & balanced (can be master/sl ave initiated) modes of data transfer. Link address and ASDU (Application Service Data Unit) addresses are provided for classifying the end station and different segments under the same. Data is classified into different information objects and each information objec t is provided with a specific address. Facility to classify the data into high priority (class-1) and low priority (cla ss-2) and transfer the same using separate mechanisms. Possibility of classifying the data into different groups (1-16) to get the data according to the group by issuing specific group interrogation commands from th e master & obtaining data under all the groups by issuing a general interrogatio n. Cyclic & Spontaneous data updating schemes are provided. Facility for time synchronization Schemes for transfer of files-Example:IED's will store disturbance recorder file in the memory, When electrical disturbance is occurred in the field. This file can be retrieved through IEC104 protocol for fault analysis Frame format[edit] Character format of IEC 101 uses 1 start bit, 1 stop bit, 1 parity bit & 8 data bits. FT1.2 (defined in IEC 60870-5-1) is used for frame format of IEC 101 which is suitable for asynchronous communication with hamming distance of 4. This use s 3 types of frame formats - Frame with variable length ASDU, Frame with fixed l ength & single character. Single character is used for acknowledgments, fixed le ngth frames are used for commands & variable lengths are used for sending data. The details of variable length frame is given below IEC 101 Frame Format, Variable length Data unit Name Function Start Frame Start Character Indicates start of Frame Length Field (*2) Total length of Frame Start Character (repeat) Repeat provided for reliability Control Field Indicates control functions like message direction Link Address (0,1 or 2) Normally used as the device / station address Data Unit Identifier Type Identifier Defines the data type which contains specif ic format of information objects Variable Structure Qualifier Indicates whether type contains multiple informatio n objects or not COT (1 or 2) Indicates causes of data transmissions like spontaneous or cyclic ASDU Address (1 or 2) Denotes separate segments and its address inside a device Information Object Information Object Address (1 or 2 or 3) Provides address of the information object element Information Elements (n) Contains details of the information element depending o

n the type Information Object-2 --------- ----Information Object-m Stop Frame Checksum Used for Error checks Stop Char Indicates end of a frame Types supported[edit] Single indication without / with 24 / with 56 bit timestamps. Double indication without / with 24 / with 56 bit timestamps. Step position information without / with 24 / with 56 bit timestamps. Measured value normalized, scaled, short floating point without / with timestamp s. Bitstring of 32 bit without / with timestamps. Integrated totals (counters) without / with timestamps. Packed events (start & tripping ) of protection equipments Single commands Double commands Regulating step command Set point commands of various data formats Bitstring commands Interrogation commands Clock synchronization & delay acquisition commands Test & reset commands IEC 60870-5-103[edit] IEC 60870-5-103 [IEC103] is a standard for power system control and associated c ommunications. It defines a companion standard that enables interoperability bet ween protection equipment and devices of a control system in a substation. The d evice complying with this standard can send the information using two methods fo r data transfer - either using the explicitly specified application service data units (ASDU)or using generic services for transmission of all the possible info rmation. The standard supports some specific protection functions and provides t he vendor a facility to incorporate its own protective functions on private data ranges. Frame format[edit] IEC 103 uses FT1.2 (defined in IEC 60870-5-1) for frame format having options of Frame with variable length, Frame with fixed length & single character similar to IEC 101. Single character is used for acknowledgments, fixed length frames ar e used for commands & variable lengths are used for sending data. However the fr ame format of IEC 103 differs from IEC 101 in information object address which i s split into function type (ftype) and information number (inumber) in IEC 103. Also IEC 103 can have only single information object in a frame whereas IEC 101 can have multiple information objects. Many of the field sizes are also restrict ed in IEC 103. The details of variable length frame is given below IEC 103 Frame Format, Variable length Data unit Name Function Start Frame Start Character Indicates start of Frame

Length Field (*2) Total length of Frame Start Character (repeat) Repeat provided for reliability Control Field Indicates control functions like message direction Link Address (1 or 2) Normally used as the device / station address Data Unit Identifier Type Identifier Defines the data type which contains specif ic format of information objects Variable Structure Qualifier Indicates whether type contains multiple informatio n objects or not COT Indicates causes of data transmissions like spontaneous or cyclic ASDU Address Denotes separate segments and its address inside a device Information Object Function Type Provides function type of the protection equipm ent used Information Number Defines the information number within a given function type Information Elements (n) Contains details of the information element depending o n the type Stop Frame Checksum Used for Error checks Stop Char Indicates end of a frame Supported Types[edit] Type 1 Time-tagged message Type 2 Time-tagged message with relative time Type 3 Measurands I Type 4 Time-tagged measurands with relative time Type 5 Identification Type 6 Time synchronization Type 7 Start of General interrogation Type 8 - General interrogation termination Type 9 Measurands II Type 10 Generic data Type 11 Generic identification Type 23 31 Used for transferring disturbance files IEC 60870-5-104[edit] IEC 60870-5-104 (IEC 104) protocol is an extension of IEC 101 protocol with the changes in transport, network, link & physical layer services to suit the comple te network access. The standard uses an open TCP/IP interface to network to have connectivity to the LAN (Local Area Network) and routers with different facilit y (ISDN, X.25, Frame relay etc.) can be used to connect to the WAN (Wide Area Ne twork). Application layer of IEC 104 is preserved same as that of IEC 101 with s ome of the data types and facilities not used. There are two separate link layer s defined in the standard, which is suitable for data transfer over Ethernet & s erial line (PPP - Point-to-Point Protocol). The control field data of IEC104 con tains various types of mechanisms for effective handling of network data synchro nization. References[edit] 1.Jump up ^ Gordon R. Clarke et al, Practical modern SCADA protocols: DNP3, 6087 0.5 and related systems, Newnes, 2004 ISBN 0-7506-5799-5

[hide] v t e Automation protocols

Process automation AS-i BSAP CC-Link Industrial Networks CIP CAN bus ControlNet DeviceNet DF-1 DirectNET EtherCAT Ethernet Global Data (EGD) Ethernet Powerlink EtherNet/IP FINS FOUNDATION fieldbus (H1, HSE) GE SRTP HART Protocol Honeywell SDS HostLink INTERBUS MECHATROLINK MelsecNet Modbus Optomux PieP Profibus PROFINET IO SERCOS interface SERCOS III Sinec H1 SynqNet TTEthernet RAPIEnet

Industrial control system OPC DA OPC HDA OPC UA MTConnect

Building automation 1-Wire BACnet C-Bus DALI DSI KNX LonTalk Modbus

oBIX VSCP X10 xAP xPL ZigBee

Power system automation IEC 60870 (IEC 60870-5 IEC 60870-6) DNP3 IEC 61850 IEC 62351 Modbus Profibus

Automatic meter reading ANSI C12.18 IEC 61107 DLMS/IEC 62056 M-Bus Modbus ZigBee

Automobile / Vehicle AFDX ARINC 429 ARINC 825 CAN FMS FlexRay IEBus J1587 J1708 J1939 Keyword Protocol 2000 LIN MOST NMEA 2000 VAN

Categories: Electric power IEC 60870