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SULIT

Nama : ……………………………………………

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No Maktab : ……………………………

SULIT

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Sains

Kertas 2

Ogos

2009

1 ½ jam

SULIT 55/2 Sains Kertas 2 Ogos 2009 1 ½ jam 55/2 MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA PEPERIKSAAN

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MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009

MARA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009 SAINS Kertas 2 Satu jam tiga puluh minit JANGAN
MARA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009 SAINS Kertas 2 Satu jam tiga puluh minit JANGAN

SAINS

Kertas 2

Satu jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1 Tulis nama dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan.

2 Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

3 Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.

4 Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu.

5 Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

Bahagian

Soalan

Markah

Penuh

Markah

Diperoleh

1

6

2

6

A

3

6

4

7

5

7

6

8

B

7

10

8

10

Jumlah

60

Kertas Soalan ini mengandungi 28 halaman bercetak

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

1

[Lihat sebelah

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

1(a)

For Examiner’s Use 1(a) SULIT Section A Bahagian A [40 marks ] [ 40 markah ]

SULIT

Section A

Bahagian A

[40 marks]

[40 markah]

Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan.

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1 Diagram 1 shows the human excretory system. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sistem perkumuhan manusia.

system. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sistem perkumuhan manusia. Diagram 1 Rajah 1 P : ……………… … Q

Diagram 1

Rajah 1

P : ……………… …

Q : …………… ……

R : ………….………

(a) On Diagram 1, label the organs P, Q and R using the following words:

Pada Rajah 1, labelkan organ P, Q dan R menggunakan perkataan berikut:

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Skin

Lung

Kidney

 

Kulit

Peparu

Ginjal

 

[3 marks]

[3 markah]

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(b) Draw lines to match each system of the human body with its function. Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap sistem badan manusia dengan fungsi masing-masing.

System

Function

Sistem

Fungsi

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masing-masing. System Function Sistem Fungsi 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA To defend the body against
masing-masing. System Function Sistem Fungsi 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA To defend the body against
masing-masing. System Function Sistem Fungsi 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA To defend the body against

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

To defend the body against disease. Untuk mempertahankan badan terhadap penyakit.

To digest food so that it can be readily absorbed. Untuk mencernakan makanan supaya ia mudah diserap.

To transmit messages to every part of the body. Untuk menghantar maklumat ke seluruh bahagian badan.

To support the weight of the body and protect internal organs. Untuk menyokong berat badan dan melindungi organ dalaman.

3

[3 marks] [ 3 markah ]

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

1(b)

Total A1 6
Total A1
6

For

Examiner’s

Use

2(a)

For Examiner’s Use 2(a) SULIT 2 Diagram 2.1 shows a situation at a camp site. Rajah

SULIT

2 Diagram 2.1 shows a situation at a camp site. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan situasi pada tapak perkhemahan.

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Owl Boy H Budak lelaki H Iron rod Rod besi Burung hantu
Owl Boy H Budak lelaki H
Owl
Boy H
Budak lelaki H

Iron rod

Rod besi

Burung hantu

Diagram 2.1

Rajah 2.1

(a) Based on Diagram 2.1, state the way of heat transfer from the burning firewood to:

Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1, nyatakan cara pemindahan haba dari unggun api ke:

(i)

owl / burung hantu

:

…………………………….………………

(ii)

boy H / budak lelaki H

:

………………….……

….……………….

(iii)

iron rod / rod besi

:

………………….………….……… [3 marks] [3 markah]

…….

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(b) Diagram 2.2 shows two different mugs, M and N containing equal volume of hot coffee left to cool for 10 minutes.

Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan dua mug, M dan N mengandungi air kopi panas dengan isipadu yang sama dibiarkan menyejuk selama 10 minit.

White ceramic mug Mug seramik putih

Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam

mug Mug seramik putih Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam M N Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2.2

M

N

Mug seramik putih Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam M N Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2.2 Based
Mug seramik putih Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam M N Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2.2 Based

Diagram 2.2

Rajah 2.2

Based on Diagram 2.2, Berdasarkan Rajah 2.2,

(i)

state how most heat is lost from the hot coffee? nyatakan bagaimana haba paling banyak hilang daripada kopi panas?

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

(ii)

coffee in which mug will cool faster? Give the reason for the chosen mug.

kopi dalam mug yang manakah akan menyejuk dahulu? Berikan sebab bagi mug yang dipilih.

Mug / mug

:

……….………….………………………………

Reason / sebab

:

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

5

[2 mark]

[2 markah]

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

2(b)(i)

sebab : 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 5 [2 mark] [2 markah] SULIT For Examiner’s

2(b)(ii)

Total A2 6
Total A2
6

For

Examiner’s

Use

3(a)(i)

For Examiner’s Use 3(a)(i) 3(a)(ii) SULIT 55/2 3 Diagram 3.1 shows the distribution of organisms J,

3(a)(ii)

For Examiner’s Use 3(a)(i) 3(a)(ii) SULIT 55/2 3 Diagram 3.1 shows the distribution of organisms J,
SULIT 55/2 3 Diagram 3.1 shows the distribution of organisms J, K, L and M
SULIT
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3 Diagram 3.1 shows the distribution of organisms J, K, L and M in a habitat.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan taburan organisma J, K, L dan M dalam satu habitat.
M
J M
J
K
K
L
J
J
J
J
M
J
M
L
K
M
J
M
J
M
K
J
K
J
M

Diagram 3.1

Rajah 3.1

(a) Based on Diagram 3.1, Berdasarkan Rajah 3.1,

(i)

which organism represents the secondary consumer? organisma manakah yang mewakili pengguna sekunder?

………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

(ii)

build a complete food chain. binakan rantai makanan yang lengkap.

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(iii)

Circle the animals which may represent M. Bulatkan haiwan yang mewakili M.

 

Tiger

Grass

Cow

harimau

Rumput

lembu

 

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

(b)

Producers synthesize food through photosynthesis. State the source of energy for the process.

Pengeluar mensintesis makanan melalui fotosintesis. Nyatakan sumber tenaga bagi proses ini.

 

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

(c)

Diagram 3.2 shows the apparatus set up to study a factor needed for photosynthesis.

Rajah 3.2, menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji satu faktor yang diperlukan untuk fotosintesis.

mengkaji satu faktor yang diperlukan untuk fotosintesis. Diagram 3.2 Rajah 3.2 Black paper Kertas hitam (i)

Diagram 3.2

Rajah 3.2

Black paper

Kertas hitam

(i) The plant is kept in the dark for two days, then exposed to sunlight. Why is the plant kept in the dark? Tumbuhan diletakkan dalam gelap selama dua hari, kemudian didedahkan kepada cahaya matahari. Mengapa tumbuhan itu diletakkan dalam gelap?

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

7

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

3(a)(iii)

dalam gelap? 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 7 [1 mark] [1 markah] SULIT For Examiner’s

3(b)

dalam gelap? 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 7 [1 mark] [1 markah] SULIT For Examiner’s

3(c)(i)

dalam gelap? 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 7 [1 mark] [1 markah] SULIT For Examiner’s

For

Examiner’s

Use

3(c)(ii)

Total A3 6
Total A3
6

SULIT

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(ii) The leaf that is covered with black paper is tested for the presence of starch. On Diagram 3.3, shade the part of the leaf that turns blue black.

Daun yang diliputi oleh kertas hitam diuji kehadiran kanji. Pada Rajah 3.3, lorekkan bahagian daun yang bertukarkepada biru gelap.

3.3, lorekkan bahagian daun yang bertukarkepada biru gelap. 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA Diagram 3.3

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

Diagram 3.3

Rajah 3.3

8

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

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SULIT

4 Diagram 4.1 shows a female reproductive system. Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan sistem pembiakan perempuan .

system. Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan sistem pembiakan perempuan . Diagram 4.1 Rajah 4.1 R 55/2 (a) (i)

Diagram 4.1

Rajah 4.1

R

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(a)

(i)

Based on Diagram 4.1 , name the part labeled R. Berdasarkan Rajah 4.1, namakan bahagian berlabel R.

 

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

 

(ii)

Q is the place where the process of fusion between nucleus of sperm and ovum to form a zygote. Label Q in Diagram 4.1.

Q adalah tempat di mana proses persenyawaan antara nukleus sperma dan ovum bagi pembentukkan zigot. Labelkan Q dalam Rajah 4.1.

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

9

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For

Examiner’s

Use

4(a)(i)

Q dalam Rajah 4.1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 9 SULIT

4(a)(ii)

Q dalam Rajah 4.1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 9 SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

4(b)

For Examiner’s Use 4(b) SULIT 55/2 (b)Diagram 4.2 shows a method of birth control in female

SULIT

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(b)Diagram 4.2 shows a method of birth control in female reproductive system. Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan satu kaedah pencegahan kehamilan dalam sistem pembiakan perempuan.

pencegahan kehamilan dalam sistem pembiakan perempuan . Alat K Device K Diagram 4.2 Rajah 4.2 Based

Alat K

Device K

Diagram 4.2

Rajah 4.2

Based on the Diagram 4.2, Berdasarkan Rajah 4.2,

Name the device K Namakan alat K

Describe how it works. Terangkan bagaimana ia berfungsi.

:

………………….………………………………

………………………………………………………… ………………………

………………………………………………………… ………………………

………………………………………………………… ………………………

………………………………………………………… ……………………… [2 marks] [2 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(c) Diagram 4.3 shows two types of flower J and K. Rajah 4.3 menunjukkan dua jenis bunga J dan K.

and K . Rajah 4.3 menunjukkan dua jenis bunga J dan K . J K Diagram

J

K . Rajah 4.3 menunjukkan dua jenis bunga J dan K . J K Diagram 4.3

K

Diagram 4.3

Rajah 4.3

Based on the Diagram 4.3, Berdasarkan Rajah 4.3,

(i)

mark (

Based on the Diagram 4.3, Berdasarkan Rajah 4.3, (i) mark ( ) in the box provided

) in the box provided for wind pollinated flower.

 
 

tandakan (

tandakan (

) dalam kotak disediakan bagi bunga yang didebungakan

oleh angin.

 

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

(ii)

explain for the answer in (c)(i). terangkan jawapan dalam (c)(i).

 

[2 marks]

[2 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

11

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For

Examiner’s

Use

4(c)(i)

[2 marks] [2 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 11 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 4(c)(i)

4(c)(ii)

Total A4 7
Total A4
7

For

Examiner’s

Use

5(a)(i)

For Examiner’s Use 5(a)(i) 5(a)(ii) SULIT 5 Diagram 5.1, shows two types of generator M and

5(a)(ii)

For Examiner’s Use 5(a)(i) 5(a)(ii) SULIT 5 Diagram 5.1, shows two types of generator M and

SULIT

5 Diagram 5.1, shows two types of generator M and N. Rajah 5.1, menunjukkan dua jenis penjana M dan N.

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Turbine

Turbin
Turbin

M

Turbine

Turbin
Turbin

N

Diagram 5.1

Rajah 5.1

(a)

(i)

State the source of energy used by each generator. Nyatakan sumber tenaga yang digunakan oleh setiap penjana.

M ……………………………………………………………………

:

N …………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah]

:

(ii)

State the energy change involved in generator M. Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang terlibat dalam penjana M.

………….…………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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Diagram 5.2 shows electricity transmission and distribution system. Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan sistem penghantaran dan pengagihan elektrik.

5.2 menunjukkan sistem penghantaran dan pengagihan elektrik. National Grid Network Rangkaian Grid Nasional J K Diagram

National Grid Network Rangkaian Grid Nasional

J K
J
K

Diagram 5.2

Rajah 5.2

(b)

(i)

J and K are two types of transformers. State the difference in the function of J and K.

 

J dan K merupakan dua jenis tranformer. Nyatakan perbezaan fungsi J dan K.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

 

(ii)

What is the advantage of National Grid Network? Apakah kelebihan Rangkaian Grid Nasional?

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…………………………………………………………………………………………

… …………………………

……………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

13

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

5(b)(i)

[1 mark] [1 markah] ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 13 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 5(b)(i) 5(b)(ii)

5(b)(ii)

[1 mark] [1 markah] ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 13 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 5(b)(i) 5(b)(ii)

For

Examiner’s

Use

5(c)

Total A5 7
Total A5
7

SULIT

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(c) Diagram 5.3, shows an electric rice cooker. Rajah 5.3, menunjukkan sebuah periuk nasi elektrik.

cooker. Rajah 5.3, menunjukkan sebuah periuk nasi elektrik. Diagram 5.3 Rajah 5.3 Calculate the current flow

Diagram 5.3

Rajah 5.3

Calculate the current flow in an electric rice cooker labeled 3000 watts and 240 volts. Suggest the most suitable fuse that can be used. Use the following formula:

Hitungkan arus yang mengalir dalam periuk nasi elektrik yang bertanda 3000 watt dan 240 volt. Cadangkan nilai fius yang paling sesuai digunakan. Gunakan formula berikut:

Current

=

Power

 

Voltage

Arus

=

Kuasa

 

Voltan

The most suitable fius can be used is Fius yang paling sesuai digunakan ialah

:

A

 

[2 marks]

[2 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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6

Diagram 6.1 shows a man pulling a load of 50kg up an inclined plane to the platform (Assume 1kg = 10N). Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan seorang lelaki menarik beban 50kg menaiki satah condong ke pelantar (Andaikan 1kg = 10N).

Platform

Pelantar 2 metre Load 2 meter Beban
Pelantar
2 metre
Load
2 meter
Beban

Diagram 6.1

Rajah 6.1

(a)

(i)

In the box provided in Diagram 6.1, draw an arrow to show the direction of force that opposes the motion of load.

 

Dalam kotak yang disediakan pada Rajah 6.1, lukiskan anak panah bagi menunjukkan arah daya yang menentang pergerakan beban.

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

 

(ii)

Name the force for the answer in (a)(i). Namakan daya bagi jawapan dalam (a)(i).

 

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

 

(iii)

Calculate the work done. Use the following formula:

Hitungkan kerja yang dilakukan. Gunakan formula berikut:

Work done

=

Force X Distance

Kerja

=

Daya

X Jarak

Work done : …………………. Nm kerja

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

15

[1 marks]

[1markah]

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

6(a)(i)

Nm kerja 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 15 [1 marks] [1markah] SULIT For Examiner’s Use

6(a)(ii)

Nm kerja 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 15 [1 marks] [1markah] SULIT For Examiner’s Use

6(a)(iii)

Nm kerja 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 15 [1 marks] [1markah] SULIT For Examiner’s Use

For

Examiner’s

Use

6(b)(i)

For Examiner’s Use 6(b)(i) 6(b)(ii) SULIT 55/2 (b) Diagram 6.2 shows two mountain bikes P and

6(b)(ii)

For Examiner’s Use 6(b)(i) 6(b)(ii) SULIT 55/2 (b) Diagram 6.2 shows two mountain bikes P and

SULIT

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(b) Diagram 6.2 shows two mountain bikes P and Q with tyres of different threads. Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan dua jenis basikal bukit P dan Q dengan tayar yang berbeza bunga

Mountain bike P Basikal bukit P

Mountain bike P Basikal bukit P

Mountain bike Q Basikal bukit Q

Mountain bike Q Basikal bukit Q

Based on Diagram 6.2, Berdasarkan Rajah 6.2,

Diagram 6.2

Rajah 6.2

(i)

which mountain bike is more suitable to ride up a hill. basikal bukit yang manakah lebih sesuai untuk mendaki bukit.

………………………….……………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

(ii)

explain for the answer in (c)(i). terangkan jawapan dalam (c)(i).

[2 marks]

[2 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(c) Diagram 6.3 shows, a man find it is hard to push a trolley with stuck tyres.

Rajah 6.3 menunjukkan seorang lelaki mendapati sukar untuk menolak troli yang tayarnya tersekat.

Based on diagram 6.3, Berdasarkan Rajah 6.3,

tersekat. Based on diagram 6.3, Berdasarkan Rajah 6.3, Diagram 6.3 Rajah 6.3 (i) State one way

Diagram 6.3

Rajah 6.3

(i)

State one way to overcome the problem without unloading the trolley. Nyatakan satu cara untuk menyelesaikan masalah ini tanpa mengeluarkan beban di dalam troli.

………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah]

(iii)

State the effect, if the problem is not overcome? Apakah kesan, sekiranya masalah ini tidak diselesaikan?

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

17

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For

Examiner’s

Use

6(c)(i)

[1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 17 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 6(c)(i)

6(c)(ii)

Total A6 8
Total A6
8

For

Examiner’s

Use

7(a)

For Examiner’s Use 7(a) SULIT Section B Bahagian B [20marks] [20 markah] Answer all questions. Jawab

SULIT

Section B

Bahagian B

[20marks]

[20 markah]

Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan.

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7 Diagram 7.1 shows four types of plants with different support systems. Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan empat jenis tumbuhan dengan sistem sokongan berbeza.

empat jenis tumbuhan dengan sistem sokongan berbeza. Orchid Cucumber Orkid Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree
empat jenis tumbuhan dengan sistem sokongan berbeza. Orchid Cucumber Orkid Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree

Orchid

Cucumber

Orkid

Timun

sokongan berbeza. Orchid Cucumber Orkid Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau Diagram 7.1 Rajah

Rose

Ros

berbeza. Orchid Cucumber Orkid Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7.1
berbeza. Orchid Cucumber Orkid Timun Rose Ros Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7.1

Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau

Diagram 7.1

Rajah 7.1

(a) State the parts of the plants that provide additional support to each of the plants. Nyatakan bahagian tumbuhan yang membeir sokongan tambahan pada setiap tumbuhan.

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Plants

Tumbuhan

Additional support part Bahagian sokongan tambahan

Orchid

Orkid

Cucumber

Timun

Rose

Ros

Mangrove tree Pokok paya bakau

[4marks]

[4markah]

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(b) Classify the plants into two groups based on the part that provide additional support.

Kelaskan tumbuhan kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan pada bahagian yang memberi sokongan tambahan.

Common characteristics Ciri sepunya

Name of the plant Nama tumbuhan

Orchid, cucumber, mangrove tree, rose Orkid, timun, pokok paya bakau, ros
Orchid, cucumber, mangrove tree, rose
Orkid, timun, pokok paya bakau, ros

[4 mark]

[4 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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For

Examiner’s

Use

7(b)

timun, pokok paya bakau, ros [4 mark] [4 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 19

For

Examiner’s

Use

7(c)

For Examiner’s Use 7(c) 7(d) Total A7 10 SULIT (c) 55/2 Diagram 7.2 shows an activity

7(d)

Total A7 10
Total A7
10

SULIT

(c)

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Diagram 7.2 shows an activity to study the support system in a plant.

Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan satu aktiviti yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji sistem sokongan dalam tumbuhan.

Aquatic plant Tumbuhan akuatik
Aquatic plant
Tumbuhan akuatik

Beaker Q

Bikar Q

Water

air

Weight

pemberat

Diagram 7.2

Rajah 7.2

Based on Diagram 7.2, state one inference from the activity. Berdasarkan Rajah 7.2, nyatakan satu inferens daripada aktiviti ini.

……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

(d)

Predict what will happen to the aquatic plant if the weight is remove from beaker Q.

Ramalkan apa yang berlaku pada tumbuhan akuatik apabila pemberat dikeluarkan dari bikar Q.

……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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8 Diagram 8.1 shows a sugar cube of similar size added to glass P and Q. After five minutes, the size of sugar cube is as shown in the diagram.

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Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan satu gula kiub yang sama saiz dimasukan ke dalam gelas P dan Q. Selepas lima mini,, saiz gula kiub ditunjukkan dalam Rajah.

 

Conditon

Before

After

Keadaan

Sebelum

Selepas

100ml water at 80 o C in glass P 100ml air pada suhu

100ml water at 80 o C in glass P 100ml air pada suhu
100ml water at 80 o C in glass P 100ml air pada suhu

80

o C dalam cawan P

100ml water at 35 o C in glass Q 100ml air pada suhu 35 o C dalam cawan Q

100ml water at 35 o C in glass Q 100ml air pada suhu 35 o C
100ml water at 35 o C in glass Q 100ml air pada suhu 35 o C

Diagram 8.1

Rajah 8.1

Based on your observation in diagram 8.1, Berdasarkan pada pemerhatian daripada Rajah 8.1,

(a)

(i)

What inference can be made? Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat?

 

………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

 

(ii)

State one hypothesis. Nyatakan satu hipotesis.

………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

21

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For

Examiner’s

Use

8(a)(i)

[1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 21 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 8(a)(i)

8(a)(ii)

[1 mark] [1 markah] 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 21 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 8(a)(i)

For

Examiner’s

Use

SULIT

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b) Diagram 8.2 shows the apparatus set-up to study the effect of water temperature on the rate of dissolving.

Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji kesan suhu air ke atas kadar ketelarutan.

Stir

Kacau

kesan suhu air ke atas kadar ketelarutan. Stir Kacau Thermometer Jangka suhu 5g of fine sugar

Thermometer

Jangka suhu

5g of fine sugar 5g gula halus

Thermometer Jangka suhu 5g of fine sugar 5g gula halus Diagram 8.2 Rajah 8.2 The student

Diagram 8.2

Rajah 8.2

The student takes the following the steps:

Pelajar itu menjalankan langkah-langkah di berikut:

Step 1

:

Fill a beaker with 100 ml distilled water at 40 0 C

Langkah 1

:

Isikan sebuah bikar dengan 100ml air suling bersuhu 40 0 C

Step 2

:

Add 5 grams of fine sugar to the water.

Langkah 2

:

Tambahkan 5 gram gula halus ke dalam air.

Step 3

:

Stir the mixture.

Langkah 3

:

Kacau larutan tersebut.

Step 4

:

Record the time taken for the fine sugar completely dissolve.

Langkah 4

:

Catatkan masa yang diambil untuk gula halus larut sepenuhnya.

Step 5

:

Repeat steps 1 to 3 are by using temperature water at 50 0 C,

 

60

0 C, 70 0 C and 80 0 C.

Langkah 5

:

Ulang langkah 1 hingga 3 dengan menggunakan air bersuhu

50 0 C, 60 0 C, 70 0 C and 80 0 C.

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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Diagram 8.3 shows time taken for the fine sugar to dissolve completely. Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan masa yang diambil oleh gula untuk larut sepenuhnya

Temperature ( 0 C) Suhu ( 0 C)

 

Time (s)

 

Masa (s)

 
   
 

Reading

55

 

Bacaan

 

40

0 C

 
 
   
 

Reading

   

Bacaan

 

50

0 C

 
 
   
 

Reading

41

 

Bacaan

 

60

0 C

 

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

23

 

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

For

Examiner’s

Use

8(b)(i)

For Examiner’s Use 8(b)(i) SULIT 55/2 Reading 34 Bacaan 70 0 C Reading 27 Bacaan 80

SULIT

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Reading 34 Bacaan 70 0 C Reading 27 Bacaan 80 0 C
Reading
34
Bacaan
70
0 C
Reading
27
Bacaan
80
0 C

(b) (i)

Diagram 8.3

Rajah 8.3

Based on Diagram 8.3, record the readings of the stopwatch and complete Table 8.4

Berdasarkan Rajah 8.4,rekodkan bacaan jam randik dan lengkapkan Jadual 8.4

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Temperate of water Suhu air ( 0 C )

Mass of solute (g) Jisim bahan larut (g)

Time taken for sugar to completely dissolve (s) Masa diambil untuk gula larut sepenuhnya (s)

40

5

55

50

5

60

5

41

70

5

34

80

5

27

Table 8.4

Jadual 8.4

[1 marks]

[1 markah]

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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(ii)

State the variables involved in this experiment:

Nyatakan pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini:

Manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan

 

Responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas

 

Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan

Volume of water // mass of fine sugar Isipadu air // jisim gula halus

 

[2 marks] [2 markah ]

(iii)

Use the graph provided on page 26 to answer this part of the question. Gunakan graf yang disedikan dihalaman 26 untuk menjawap bahagian soalan ini.

Based on the reading in Table 8.4, draw a graph of time against temperature. Berdasarkan bacaan dalam Jadual 8.4, lukis graf masa lawan suhu.

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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For

Examiner’s

Use

8(b)(ii)

dalam Jadual 8.4, lukis graf masa lawan suhu. 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 25 SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

8(b)(iii)

For Examiner’s Use 8(b)(iii) SULIT Graph for Question 8(b)(iii) Graf untuk soalan 8(b)(iii) 55/2 Time /

SULIT

Graph for Question 8(b)(iii) Graf untuk soalan 8(b)(iii)

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Time / s Masa / s 100 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60
Time / s
Masa /
s
100
80
60
40
20
0
20
40
60
80
Temperature
/
C
100
Suhu
/ 0 C

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

26

[2 marks]

[2 markah]

SULIT

SULIT

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(c)

Based on Graph 8(b)(iii), state the relationship between the temperature of water and the time taken for sugar to dissolve completely.

Berdasarkan Graf 8(b)(iii), nyatakan hubungan antara suhu air dan kadargula larut sepenuhnya.

 

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

(d)

Predict the time taken for fine sugar to dissolve completely in 100ml water at

65

0 C.

Ramalkan masa yang di ambil untuk gula halus larut sepenuhnya dalam 100ml air yang bersuhu 65 0 C .

 

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

(e)

Define operationally the meaning of the rate of dissolving.

Definasikan secara operasi kadar ketelarutan.

 

[1 mark]

[1 markah]

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END OF THE QUESTIONS KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

27

SULIT

For

Examiner’s

Use

8(c)

THE QUESTIONS KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 27 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 8(c)

8(d)

THE QUESTIONS KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 27 SULIT For Examiner’s Use 8(c)

8(e)

Total A8 10
Total A8
10

SULIT

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

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This question paper consists of two sections: Section A and Section B. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian: Bahagian A dan Bahagian B.

Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper. Tulis jawapan anda dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan

Show your working, it may help you get marks. Tunjukkan kerja kira-mengira, ini membantu anda mendapat markah.

If you wish to change your answer, neatly cross out the answer that you have done. Then write down the new answer. Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, batalkan dengan kemas jawapan yang telah dibuat. Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan

.

Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in the brackets. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan.

The time suggested to answer Section A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 60 minit dan Bahagian B ialah 30 minit.

You may use a non-progammable scientific calculator. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

Hand in this question paper at the end of the examination. Serahkan kertas soalan ini di akhir peperiksaan

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©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA

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@2009 Hakcipta MARA

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SCIENCE OGOS, 2009 1 ½ hour

MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009

ANSWER SCHEME SCIENCE PMR PAPER 2

 

Question

 

Mark Scheme

Marks

 

1(a)

 

Able to label P, Q and R correctly Answer P : Lung // Peparu Q: Skin // Kulit R : Kidney // Ginjal

     

1

1

1

 

3

 

Note:

 

Tak boleh salah ejaan

(b)

 

Able to system of the human body with its function correctly Answer

  1
 

1

1

1

 

3

 

Note:

 
 

Mark wrong if one system is matched with more than one function or vice versa.

 

Total

 

6

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

 

SULIT

Question

 

Mark Scheme

Marks

2(a)

Able to state how heat is transferred correctly

   

i) Owl / Burung hantu :

Convection // Radiation Perolakan // Radiasi Radiation // Radiasi Conduction // Konduksi

1

ii) Boy H / Budak lelaki H:

1

iii) Iron rod / Rod besi:

1

3

(b)(i)

Able to state the method of heat lost correctly Radiation // radiasi

1

1

(ii)

Able to identify coffee in which mug will cool faster

N

// Black ceramic mug Mug seramik hitam

1

Able to give correct reason Black mug is a good radiator // give out heat better Mug hitam adalah pemancar haba yang baik // membebaskan / menghilangkan haba lebih baik

1

2

 

Total

6

@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT Question Mark Scheme Marks 3(a)(i) Able to state the organism correctly
@2009 Hakcipta MARA
SULIT
Question
Mark Scheme
Marks
3(a)(i)
Able to state the organism correctly
Sample answers
K
1
1
Note:
Accept symbol with letter
(ii)
Able to build a complete food chain correctly
Sample answers
1
1
JMKL
Note:
mesti terdiri dari 4 organisma
huruf mesti sama dalam soalan
(iii)
Able to circle the correct animal which may M
Answer
1
1
(b)
Able to state the source of energy correctly.
Answer
Sun // Sunlight
Matahari // suria // solar
1
1
Note:
Also accept light
(c)(i)
Able the give reason why plant kept in the dark correctly.
Answer
1
1
To destarch / remove starch // to prevent photosynthesis
Menyahkan / menghilangkan kanji // menghalang fotosintesis
(ii)
Able to shade the part of the leaf that turns blue black correctly
Answer
Note:
1
1
Part that turn blue black
6
Note:
Must shade both part to get one mark.

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

4(a)(i)

(ii)

(b)

(c)(i)

Mark Scheme

Able to name the part R correctly Answer Uterus (wall) // Lining of the uterus (Dinding) rahim // Pelapik uterus

Note:

Also accept womb

Able to label Q where fertilization occur correctly Answer

Able to label Q where fertilization occur correctly Answer Q Able to name device K and

Q

to label Q where fertilization occur correctly Answer Q Able to name device K and describe
to label Q where fertilization occur correctly Answer Q Able to name device K and describe

Able to name device K and describe how it work correctly Answer Name of device : IUCD (Intrauterine contraceptic device) // IUD

Describe how its work: Prevent implantation (of fertilized ovum) / embryo Menghalang penempelan (ovum yang telah disenyawakan) / embrio

Note:

Name

Describe

Mark

/

/

2 marks

/

X

1 mark

X

/

O mark

Able to mark wind pollinated flower correctly

Mark / / 2 marks / X 1 mark X / O mark Able to mark
X 1 mark X / O mark Able to mark wind pollinated flower correctly Marks 1

Marks

1

1

1

1

1

X 1 mark X / O mark Able to mark wind pollinated flower correctly Marks 1

1

1

2

1

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

Mark Scheme

Marks

(ii)

Able to explain correctly

Sample answers

1. pt1. (Characteristic)

- Has a large / long / feathery stigma // Stigma outside the flower

/ with long style Mempunyai stigma besar / panjang / berbulu // Stigma berada diluar bunga / dengan stil yang panjang.

pt2. (function)

- Expose to wind // to trap pollen (effectively) Terdedah kepada angina // untuk memerangkap butir debunga

Or

2. pt1. (Characteristic)

1

1

- Long filament // Stamen dangle / hang outside the flower Filamen panjang // Stamen tergantung di luar bunga

pt2. (function)

- Expose pollen grain to wind Mendedahkan butir debunga ke angin

Note:

Any one correct pair (Charteristic + function)

2

Total

7

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

Mark Scheme

Marks

5(a)(i)

Able to state the source of energy used in M and N correctly. Answer M : Water / hydro Air N : Natural gas / petroleum Gas asli // petroleum

Reject:

   

1

1

2

Hydroelectric

(ii)

Able to state the energy change involved in generator M correctly . Sample answers

- Potential (energy) Kinetic (energy) Electric (energy) //

1

1

- Potential (energy)(mechanical)Kinetic (energy)Electric (energy) //

Potential(Energy)Kinetic(energy)Mechanical(energy)Electric (energy) (Any one only)

-

(b)(i)

Able to state the difference between in the function of J and K. Answers Transformer J will increase the (output) voltage while K will lower the (output) voltage Transformer J akan menambahkan voltan (output) sementara K akan merendahkan voltan (output).

1

1

Note:

Should have comparison between J and K

(ii)

Able to give the advantage of National Grid Network correctly Sample answers

- To ensure uninterrupted electrical power supply // Untuk memastikan bekalan kuasa electric tidak terganggu

1

1

- To prevent the wastage of electrical energy / lessen the cost Untuk mengelakkan pembaziran tenaga electric / menggurangkan kos

Enable any particular power plant to be shut down for maintenance. Membenarkan mana-mana stesen kuasa ditutup bagi penyelenggaraan. (Any one only)

-

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

 

SULIT

Question

 

Mark Scheme

Marks

5(c)

Able to calculate the current flow and give suitable fuse in an electric rice cooker correctly Answer

   

Current

=

3000

 

240

 

= 12.5 A

 

1

Most suitable fuse: 13 A

1

2

 

Reject:

Other answer

 

Total

7

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

 

SULIT

Question

 

Mark Scheme

Marks

6(a)(i)

Able to draw direction of force correctly Sample answers

   
 
    1 1
 

1

1

Able to give name the force for the answer in(a)(i).

(ii)

Answers Frictional force Daya geseran

 

1

1

Able to calculate the work done

(iii)

Answer Work done = (50 X 10) X 2 = 1000 Nm

1

1

Able to state the mountain bike that is suitable to ride up a hill. Answer

b(i)

(Bicycle) Q

1

1

Able to explain for answer in (b)(i). Answer

 

(ii)

pt1. The surface of the tyre has more threads / is rougher Permukaan tayar yang mempunyai lebih bunga / benang / kasar. pt2. To increase the frictional force /grip the surface (of the hill) better. Menambahkan daya geseran / cengkaman pada permukaan (bukit) lebih baik.

Able to state one way to overcome the problem correctly. Sample answer

1

1

2

c(i)

Apply oil / grease / lubricant to the tyre. Menggunakan minyak / gris / pelincir pada tayar.

1

Able to state the effect correctly. Sample answer

 

(ii)

- Waste/ use a lot energy // membazirkan tenaga

1

2

- Produces unnecessary heat // noise //menghasilkan bunyi yang tidak diperlukan

The tyre will wear out quickly // hauskan tayar lebih cepat (Any one)

-

total

8

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

7(a)

(b)

Mark Scheme

Able to state part of the plant at provide additional support. Sample answers

Type of plant

Part of additional support

Orchid

Roots / clasping roots Akar / akar cengkam

Cucumber

Stem /tendrils Batang / sulur paut

Rose

Stem / thorns Batang / duri

Mangrove

Roots / stilt roots Akar / akar jangkang

Able to state the common characteristics and name the plant correctly. Sample answers

Orchid, cucumber, mangrove tree, rose Orkid, timun, pokok paya bakau, ros

1. (Additional) support through roots

2. (Additional) support through roots

3. (Additional) support through stem / tendrils

1. orchid, mangrove tree

2. orchid, mangrove tree

3. cucumber, rose

1. (Additional) support through stem

2. (Additional) support not through roots

3. (Additional) support not through stem / tendrils

1. cucumber, rose

2. cucumber, rose

3.orchid, mangrove tree

Note:

Accept any relevant answer.

2. cucumber, rose 3.orchid, mangrove tree Note: Accept any relevant answer. Marks 1 1 1 1

Marks

1

1

1

1

2

2

2. cucumber, rose 3.orchid, mangrove tree Note: Accept any relevant answer. Marks 1 1 1 1

4

4

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

 

Mark Scheme

Marks

7(c)(i)

Able to state inference correctly Sample answers

1

1

-

The aquatic plant is upright because it is supported by the buoyancy of water. Tumbuhan aquatic tegak kerana disokong oleh daya apungan air

(ii)

The position of the aquatic plant depends on the presence of water Kedudukan tumbuhan aquatic bergantung kepada kehadiran air [any one]

-

Able to predict what happen to the plant correctly Answers

-

The aquatic plant will float Tumbuhan aquatic akan terapung

1

1

 

Total

10

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

 

Mark Scheme

Marks

8(a)(i)

Able to state one inference correctly Sample answers

   

1.

the temperature of water affect / influence the size of sugar cube

1

1

Suhu air mempengaruhi saiz gula kiub.

the size of sugar kiub depend on the temperature of water/ hotness Saiz gula kiub dipengaruhi oleh suhu / kepanasan air [Any one]

2.

 

Reject:

Answer regarding rate of dissolving / time.

Able to state hypothesis

(ii)

Sample answer The higher temperature of water, the smaller the size of sugar cube/ vise versa. Semakin tinggi suhu air, semakin kecil saiz gula kiub / sebaliknya

Able to record correct reading Answer

(b)(i)

1

1

1

1

 

48sec

(ii)

 

Able to state the manipulated and responding variable correctly Answer Manipulated variable : temperature of water / suhu air Responding variable : time taken to fine sugar dissolve /masa yang diambil untuk gula halus larut

1

1

2

@2009 Hakcipta MARA

SULIT

Question

Mark Scheme

Marks

8(b)(iii)

Able to draw graph of time against temperature correctly Answers

   
X X X X X
X
X
X
X
X

Note:

1

1

2

Able to plot all point correctly Able to joint all the point smoothly Able to state relationship correctly

(c)

Answers The higher temperature of water, the shorter time taken for sugar dissolves. Vice versa. Semakin tinggi suhu air, semakin singkat masa diambil untuk gula melarut. sebaliknya

1

1

Reject:

Temperature affect time taken for sugar dissolve.

Able to predict time taken correctly

(d)

Answers

(37+1sec)

1

1

Able to define operationally the meaning of rate of dissolving

(e)

Answers The rate of dissolving is the time taken for sugar to dissolve (at

different temperature). Kadar keterlarutan ialah masa yang diambil untuk gula melarut pada suhu yang berbeza.

1

1

total

10