Malacca

eGuide

2008

Contents
Overview…………………………….3 History……………………………....7 Historical Dates…………………….18 Malacca Today…………………….. 24 Demographics………………………26 Cultures……………………………..26. Economy……………………………28 Places of Interest……………………29 Resort Hotels……………………….48 Hotels in Town……………………..51 Budget Hotels………………………54 Golf Resorts………………………...59 Shopping……………………………60 Other interesting places…………….61. Would you like to buy these………. 67 Exotic foods……………………… .68 Money………………………………72 Airlines……………………………..73. Sea travels…………………………..73 Land travels………………………...73. Car rentals…………………………..74 Special Panorama Buses……………74. Trains……………………………….75 Police……………………………….75 Entry requirements…………………76 Visas………………………………..76 Customs…………………………….76 Warnings…………………………...76 Working hours……………………..78 Phones and Internet services……….78 Map-Malacca town……………….80 Concierge Service…………………81 ______________________________2_

Overview
Malacca is situated in southern
Peninsular Malaysia and lies seven degrees north of the equator. It lies between the continent of India to the West and China to the East. The State of Malacca,(Melaka in Malay language), one of the fourteen states within Malaysia, is situated on the South-Western Coast of Peninsular Malaysia facing the Straits of Malacca and sandwiched between the states of Negeri Sembilan in the north and Johor in the south. The area of Malacca state is 1,658 square kilometers and is divided into three smaller districts, namely Melaka Tengah, Alor Gajah and Jasin. The North-South Expressway allows easy access into Malacca from all states of Malaysia. It takes about two hours of travel by road (express bus) from the capital, Kuala Lumpur to Malacca and approximately three hours from Singapore to the south.

Malaysia’s Location Malacca also gives its name to the narrow straits of water called the Malacca Straits, where most of the ships traversing between East Asia (China, Japan) and the West (Europe, India and ______________________________3_

Middle East) will have to pass. It is therefore an important center for trade and its history stretches from the fourteen century onwards. It became a prominent trading post when the Portuguese began to reach to the east for their supplies of silk and spices. Malacca’s and its neighboring (including Java and Moluccas Island) hinterlands was famous for its cultivation of spice plants which at first attracted the Indians, then the Arabs and later the Europeans. At its heyday during the occupation of the Portuguese and later the Dutch, Malacca was known as the ‘Venice of the East.’ Malacca has so much history that it has been declared a ‘historical city.’ A look at its present population will revealed that there are at least seven major races of people living here, in a harmonious fashion that is not found any where else in the world. You will really have to see it with your own eyes to believe it. There are Malays, Chinese, Indians, and Eurasians of Portuguese decent, English, Arabs and a small minority of Dutch. The various races have differing religions and they pray in different places of worships. There are Muslim temples, Taoist temples, Indian temples, Sikh temples, Christian churches and Buddhist temples scattered all over the place. Here, everyone co-exists in harmony. When you leave this historical place, you will inevitably wonder why other places which have been strived-torn did not adopt the wisdom of the people of this city! ______________________________4_

Location of Malacca Malacca is proud to offer you a mixture of the cultures of East and the West in a package that you can not find anywhere else. Malacca has also evolved into a city that has all the trappings of the twenty first century, so the modern day traveler, whether on leisure or business will find themselves very much at home.

State of Malacca (Scroll down to the end of page to view a detailed usable map of Malacca town) ______________________________5_

Besides, there are so many historical landmarks that the traveler will find it a great discovery place for an insight into the past, especially those forces that had shaped the world from the fourteen century onwards. For the avid traveler, Malacca should be enjoyed and discovered in a leisurely manner. Most of the interesting places are concentrated in the city, and you can spend a whole week here and still wanting for more. Life here is absolutely leisurely, although there is a bit of traffic congestion during working hours. Just put on a pair of sandals and walk to your hearts content. You don’t need to take a cab to visit all the places. Malacca is a must place for the backpacker. Nowhere else will you find that many haversack toting travelers shooting off from their cameras! For the budget traveler, this city will offer most things at a very affordable price. Accommodations, food, and services are at the low end of things, as compared to cities like Tokyo Shanghai, Singapore, Bangkok and New Delhi. For those who had retired, Malacca will offer the best environment for them to reminisce on their life. There is so much history here, five hundred over years and more. Not to be outdone, there are many facilities here for the business travelers as well. They can pack a satisfying business cum leisure trip to this most modern and cleanest of city. Communication facilities are first rate. You can get free wireless access (WiFi) in most hotels, even budget ones. Malacca state will be seventy five ______________________________6_

percent covered by WiFi (cheap) access by 2009 so all you have to do to stay connected is to be equipped with a WiFi enabled Pda phone. Malacca can be easily accessed by land, air and sea routes. You can make this your first stop in this country and take a side trip to the other cities. Everything here is good and cheap. There is no rip offs here. It also boasts of three first class medical hospitals that have attracted many medical tourists from neighboring countries. When you come here, you will be well taken care of because you will find the people here very friendly and courteous. It has got something to do with the fact that the people here have been mingling with the people of the rest of the world for five hundred over years. Take time to enjoy your self. The friendliness of the locals here will make you remember them for a long time.

Malacca: History
Malacca a historical city The first Sultanate, or Malay Kingdom in Peninsular Malaya, started here in Malacca. The story begins like this. According to the 16th century Malay Annals, the city was founded in 1400 by Parameswara, a Srivijayan prince, who was a Hindu and political fugitive from nearby Java Island across the straits. Fighting for control of territory was common then. ______________________________7_

Parameswara’s hunting trip The legend goes that Paramswara who later became Raja Iskandar Shah was out on a hunt in the region and had stopped to refresh himself near what is now the Malacca River. Standing near a melaka (Indian gooseberry) tree, he was surprised to witness one of his hunting dogs so startled by a mouse deer that it fell into the river. Parameswara, who was wondering what to do, took this as a propitious sign of the weak overcoming the powerful. He then decided to build the capital of his new kingdom where he stood, naming it for the tree under which he had been resting. It was important that he set up his base so that he could at least regain part of kingdom that he lost in the south. Another account says Malacca is derived from the Arabic word Malakat, meaning market. The Arabs began to use this half way house to trade with China in silk and spices, and there were the people who made Malacca known to the Europeans, who were beginning to explore the world outside their homelands then. To them, this was the 'market' to be in as they came here to source for luxurious items to sell to a burgeoning market in Arabia and a Europe that was eager to buy luxuries like silk and spices. ______________________________8_

Legendary Malay warrior Hang Tuah

Malacca as ‘the Venice of the East’ Malacca had a navigable harbor sheltered by nearby Sumatra Island across the narrow straits, ample supply of fresh water, enjoyed a prime location relative to the shifting monsoon winds, and had a central location in regional trade patterns. This soon made it a prosperous trading center. Malacca was the place to rest and replenish for food and water for those indomitable sea farers at that time. Its fortunes increased with the sultan embracing Islam which was introduced by Indian traders of Gujarat in western India. The Sultanate of Malacca was soon attracting Arab traders from far afield. However, Malacca continued to trade with merchants of all races and religions. After the visit of the Chinese Muslim Admiral Zheng He in the mid15th century, contact between China and Malacca intensified.

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Chinese Admiral Zheng He

A Chinese Junk At this time, there were many jealous forces all eyeing Malacca’s prime trading position. There were the powerful Siam kingdom in the north and the Majapahit Empire to the south.

Restored Malacca Sultanate Palace 9 The Malacca sultanate was therefore worried about being attacked and taken _____________________________10_

over by her neighbors. In exchange for protection against Siam (Thailand) Malacca became a vassal state to the Ming Dynasty of China. The Chinese were seen as more of a trader, and with their large fleet of ships, was a good reason to be friendly with. In collaboration with allies from the sea-people the wandering proto-Malay privateers of the Straits, the Sultan established Malacca as an international port by compelling passing ships to call there, and establishing fair and reliable facilities for warehousing and trade. Mass settlement of Chinese followed, mostly from the imperial and merchant fleet during the reign of Parameswara. They were settled in the vicinity of the Bukit Cina area. Sultan Iskandar Shah died in 1424 and was succeeded by his son, Sri Maharaja also called Sultan Muhammad Shah. The power of the Malays began to rise through the 15th century. In the Malay Annals, Sultan Mansor Shah was mentioned as having 6 wives and the fifth was stated to be a sibling of the third Ming Emperor. However, in the Chinese chronicles, no such event was recorded. During its prime Malacca was a powerful Sultanate which extended its rule over the southern Malay Peninsular and much of Sumatra. Its rise helped to hold off Siam’s southwards encroachment and arguably hasten the decline of the rival Majapahit Empire of Java in the south, which was in decline then.

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Malacca Sultanate’s power base Malacca was also central in the spread of Islam in the Malay Archipelago, Sumatra and Java islands. Malacca was so coveted by the European powers that the Portuguese writer Barbarosa wrote "Whoever is Lord in Malacca has his hand on the throat of Venice." It was a major port along the spice-route, and its harbor bristled with the sails and masts of Chinese junks and spice-laden vessels from all over the hemisphere.

Malacca as the trade center of Asia

Scene of early Malacca _____________________________12_

Things started to change with the arrival of the Portuguese in 1509. They were at first welcomed, but Indian traders incited the sultan to turn against the Portuguese who were later driven out. The Portuguese were infuriated and in 1511 they returned, lead by Admiral Afonso de Albuquerque who set sail from Goa (the Portuguese base in the coast of eastern India) to Malacca with a force of some 1200 men and seventeen battle ships. This time, they were successful in wresting control.

The Malacca river bridge where many battles took place as securing it will mean the splitting up of the enemy camps into two. Many Malay and Portuguese died fighting here.

This gate wall is the only remaining part of the great ‘A Formosa’ and is today the most photographed monument in Malacca. _____________________________13_

Malacca in the early 16th century Malacca became a strategic base for the Portuguese expansion in the East Indies. Sultan Mahmud Shah, the last Sultan of Malacca took refuge in the hinterland, but made intermittent raids both by land and sea, causing considerable hardship to the Portuguese. In the meantime the Portuguese built a fort to defend Malacca with its famous A Famosa (also called Porta de Santiago) gate. Finally in 1526, a large force of Portuguese ships, under the command of Pedro Mascarenhas, was sent to destroy Bintan, where Sultan Mahmud was based. Sultan Mahmud fled with his family across the Straits to Kampar in Sumatra, where he died two years later. It soon became clear that Portuguese control of Malacca did not mean they now controlled the lucrative Asian trade. Their Malaccan rule was severely hampered by administrative and logistical difficulties.

Portuguese booty ship Flo de La Mar leaving Malacca with gold bullions. It ultimately sank near the river mouth. _____________________________14_

Rather than achieving their ambition of dominating Asian trade, the Portuguese had fundamentally disrupted the organisation of the network. The centralised port of exchange of Asian wealth had now gone, as was a Malay state to police the Striats of Malacca that made it safe for commercial traffic. Further more, trade was now scattered over a number of ports amongst bitter warfare in the Straits.

Portuguese invaders were constantly harassed by local Malay fighters hiding in the surrounding jungles. The Jesuit missionary Fancis Xavier spent several months in Malacca in 1545, 1546 and 1549. This marked the start of the formation of a large Eurasian community. The Portuguese turned the city into a massive walled fortress complete with a tower bristling with cannons. It was believed that such fortifications could withstand the encroachments of other European (Spanish and Dutch) powers eager for a slice of the Asian luxury trades. An alliance between the Dutch and the Sultanate of Johor saw Malacca loose much of its power. In 1641 the Dutch _____________________________15_

navy put a blockade on Malacca and they seized the city after six months. During the siege much of the Portuguese city was destroyed (many died of starvation)

Early 16th century Dutch ship Only after 150 years did the Dutch lose their hold on Malacca. In 1795 The Netherlands was conquered by the French, and the British were keen to take over the Dutch holdings in Malacca. By that time, Malacca had lost most of its former importance although it remained an important part of Asian trade routes. The A Famosa gate is all that remains of the Old Portuguese and Dutch forts. As the Napoleonic Wars wound down the British knew Malacca would be returned to Dutch control. In order to make the city indefensible the city walls were blown down. A last minute intervention by Stamford Raffles (the founder of Singapore), a British officer saved the gate. Shortly after its return to Dutch rule, the Dutch and British governments swapped colonies - British Bencoolen in Sumatra for Dutch _____________________________16_

Malacca. Malacca was ceded to the British in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 in exchange for Bencolen on Sumatra.

Studhuys-Dutch administrative centre From 1826 to 1946 Malacca was governed, first by the British East India Company and then as a Crown Colony. It formed part of the Straits Settlement (later to become Malaya) together with Singapore and Penang. After the dissolution of this crown colony, Malacca and Penang became part of the Malayan Union which later became Malaya. Malacca is a center of Peranakan culture. When Chinese settlers originally came to Malacca as miners, traders and coolies, they took local brides ( Javanese, Batak, Achenese) and adopted many local (malay) customs. The result of this is an interesting mix of local and Chinese cultures. The men are addressed as Babas and the women Nonyas by their servants meaning Master and Mistress. A small group of Eurasians of Portuguese descent continues to live and speak their unique Creole, known as Cristao or Kristang. They became fishermen and settled on a plot of land _____________________________17_

called Portuguese Settlement. Although cut off from their Portuguese motherland, most of them still retain some of their forefather’s culture.

These bullock carts were used in the olden days for transport.

Historical Dates
15th Century 1403 The first Chinese envoy, Yin Ching arrives in Malacca 1407 The Chinese Imperial Fleet, under Admiral Zheng He visits Malacca. 1410 Parameswara visits the Ming Emperor in China 1414 Parameswara embraces Islam and changes his name to Raja Iskandar Shah 1424 Parameswara's son, Seri Maharaja, ascends the throne and later assumes the title "Sultan", becoming the first ruler to do so in this region. He changes his name to Sultan Muhammad Shah and rules according to the principles of Islam, establishing palace etiquettes and spreading Islam in this region. 1445 Raja Ibrahim, the youngest son of Sultan Muhammad Shah becomes ruler upon his father's death and _____________________________18_

assumes the name, Sultan Abu Shahid. 17 1466 Sultan Abu Shahid's accidental death results in Sultan Muzaffar Shah, his elder brother, assuming the throne. 1447 The first Siamese attack on Malacca but repelled by Malacca fleet. 1456 Tun Perak was appointed as the Bendahara, or Chief Minister, and becomes the most well known of all the Bendaharas responsible for the rise of Malacca. 1458 Sultan Mansor Shah succeeds his father Sultan Muzaffar Shah. 1477 Sultan Mansor Shah passes away and is succeeded by his son Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah. 1488 An enterprising and just ruler, Sultan Alauddin dies of poisoning in Pagoh. Sultan Mahmud Shah ascends the throne due to the efforts of Tun Perak and Hang Tuah (a famous warrior). 1498 Tun Perak passes away

16th Century 1500 Mutahir, the cousin of Tun Perak, is appointed Bendahara 1509 The first Portuguese trading expedition, led by Diego Lopez de Sequiera arrives in Malacca with a fleet of ships becoming the first European to reach this archipelago. _____________________________19_

1510 Bendahara Tun Mutahir is murdered. Sultan Mahmud Shah temporarily retires and is succeeded by his son, Sultan Ahmad Shah1511 After a 10 day siege, Malacca falls to the Portuguese armada, led by Alfonso D' Albuquerque. The Portuguese rule in Malacca lasts over 130 years. 1512 Albuquerque returns to Goa in January after completing the "A Famosa" fortress that incorporated a five storey tall tower. Sultan Mahmud Shah attacks the Portuguese in Malacca 1513 Patih Unus, a Javanese trader later to become Sultan Demak of Sumatra, attacks Malacca. 1516 Laksamana (Admiral) Hang Nadim, son of Hang Tuah attacks Malacca 1518 Sultan Mahmud Shah's army surrounds the city for three months 1523 Sultan Mahmud Shah attacks Malacca. 18 1524 Admiral Hang Nadim besieges Malacca and cuts off its food supply 1537 First Acehnese attack on Portuguese in Malacca. 1545 Fr. Francis Xavier arrives in Malacca for the first time. He was to visit Malacca five more times. 1551 Combined forces of Johor, Japara and Perak attack Malacca and hold it under siege for three months. 1553 Fr. Francis Xavier, who dies in Sanction Island, near Canton, China, is _____________________________20_

buried in St. Paul's Church. After nine months, his remains are moved to Goa. 1567 With help from Johor, the Acehnese attack Malacca again but are defeated. 1571 The Acehnese attempt an attack on Malacca again but their invasion is foiled by a storm 1575 Japara attacks Malacca 1585 Johor attacks Malacca 1588 The first English visitor, Ralph Ritch, arrives in Malacca 1597 The Dutch attack Malacca

17th CENTURY 1606 A combined Dutch and Johor force attacks Malacca. The timely arrival of Portuguese reinforcement from Goa saves Malacca 1615 The Acehnese mount another attack on Malacca. 1628 Acehnese hold Malacca for eight months before withdrawing. 1636 Dutch ships destroy Portuguese ships off the harbour. 1641 Dutch and Johor Malays attack again. After a fierce battle, the Portuguese were forced to Surrender. Dutch rule in Malacca lasts for 154 years. 1645 Cheng Hoon Teng temple is _____________________________21_

built by Chinese head man, Lee Wei King. This is the oldest surviving temple in Malaysia 1645/70 Dutch war with Naning in the interior due to the locals not paying tax 1650 The Stadthuys or "State house", the residence of the Dutch Governor, as well as the administrative centre is built 18th Century 1710 St.Peter's church, the oldest functioning Christian Church in Malaysia, is built by the Portuguese descendents comprising an architectural mix of Oriental and Occidental 1753 The Christ Church is completed 1756 The Bugis(from Moluccas) under Daing Kamboja attack Malacca 1784 Raja Haji lands in Malacca to capture it but is killed 1795 The British take over Malacca from the Dutch 19th Century 20 1806 The British begin the total demolition of Portuguese fortress and abandonment of Malacca. They planned to transfer the trade and population to Penang in order to weaken Malacca's standing as a trading centre 1808 The timely arrival of Stamford Raffles saves Malacca from total destruction 1818 With the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Malacca is returned to the Dutch under the Treaty of Venice _____________________________22_

1819 Sultan Hussain Mohammad Shah of Johor cedes Singapore to the English East India Company. The Sultan’s grave remained in Singapore. 1824 By an Anglo-Dutch Treaty, or Treaty of London, Malacca is firmly placed under British rule. Along with Penang and Singapore, Malacca is incorporated into the Straits Settlement in 1826 1867 The administration of the Straits Settlements is transferred from The Governor - General of India's Office to the Colonial office in London and Malacca becomes a British colony. 20th Century 1904 The Queen Victoria Fountain is erected to commemorate Her Majesty's Diamond Jubilee 1942 The Japanese Occupation forces take over Malacca 1945 Malacca is returrned to British rule after the Japanese surrender to the British in Singapore 1948 A state of "Emergency" is proclaimed as Malaya fights against communist insurgency. Malacca joins the Federation of Malaya 1956 The proclamation of the date of independence by Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's first Prime Minister takes place at Padang Bandar Hilir (Padang Pahlawan) in Malacca on 20th February _____________________________23_

1957 Malaysia achieves her Independence on August 31st. Malacca's last British Resident Commissioner H.G. Hammet, hands the instrument of independence to the first Local Governer 1989 Malacca is declared a Historical City on April 15th

Malacca Today
Today, you will be able to see a progressive and clean city with a mix of old and the new. You will see the colonial influence in some older parts of the city like the particularly narrow width town houses along Tun Tan Cheng Lock road. The new includes the Malacca Tower. During the Portuguese reign, it was the rule to exact taxes on houses in accordance with the widths of the building. In order not to be heavily taxed (even then) houses were built with as narrow a width as possible. The length of those houses was built relatively long to compensate for space. Most of them have high ceilings as well. As Malacca grew bigger, there was a distinct shortage of land for expansion. There was a suggestion to acquire the Bukit Cina for a new township. The centuries old graves on it was to be relocated to the outskirts. However, the plan had to be abandoned due to Chinese protest, and instead, a new plan was hatched. The new idea is to reclaim parts of the shoreline and built a new commercial annex over it. There are now many rows _____________________________24_

of new buildings on top of the reclaimed areas, a testimony to the ingenuity of the people of this century old city. Here in Malacca, you will be able to walk from the present to the past in just twenty minutes! Malacca today is a city that never rest, with tourists mingling with the locals, from dawn to dusk. In the day time, you can spend your leisure time at the many historical sites, and at night, you will find all sorts of entertainments available. When night falls, it is normal for tourists to stroll leisurely along the sea front in search of the many different types of food and cooking, both east and west. If you like, you can partake in the many karaoke cafes and pubs where sipping that glass of cool beer in front of guitar strumming singer are the norm. There are also many outlets that offer good massages and you should try the foot massage therapy that can restore vitality after a full day of walking around! The main languages spoken here are English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil, with a little bit of others. As the residents here have experienced over five hundred years of exposures to foreigners, their attitudes to tourist can only be friendly. If your mastery of the local languages is not so good, do not despair as they will somehow be able to understand you and will show you the way. You can therefore assure yourself of a very memorable time in this historical city state. There are no rip offs here as the residents here believed they are a part of a global community and will welcome you sincerely. _____________________________25_

Money
Money wise, most of the places will accept credit cards. You can also exchange for cash your traveler’s cheque at many of the tourist spots, even on a weekend. There are also many money changers in the commercial shopping malls and they operate seven days a week. You can also cash your credit cards at ATMs operated by commercial banks here and some of them are available twenty-four hours.

Demographics
Malacca has a population of 759,000 as of 2007, being composed of Malays: 57%; Chinese: 32%, including the Peranakan community; Indians including the Chitty people: a minority; Kristang with partial Portuguese a minority.

Cultures
Malacca is the cultural mixing pot of Asia, but food is its specialty. Most notable of all is the Peranakan cuisine which is a mixture of Chinese and Malay cooking with most dishes being spicy in nature. Interesting dishes of the Peranakan include Itek Tim (a soup containing duck and vegetables), Ayam Pong (chicken casserole with salted brown-bean sauce which is usually served with potatoes) as well as the famous Nyonya Laksa.

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The Portuguese colonization of the early 16th century also contributed dishes like Devil's Curry and Portuguese tart to the town's already rich cuisine. The interesting Chinese cuisine in Malacca includes the popular Chicken Rice Ball as well as durian dodol, a sort of solidified pudding generally made with durian and coconut. Ikan Bakar (baked fish) restaurants are also popular in Malacca with places like Umbai, Serkam and Alai being the choice of the populace. The average tourist can find most popular Malaccan cuisine at the food courts or medan selera as they are referred to in the local Malay language. 'Medan means centre and 'selera' means appetite. Malacca's ethnic Portuguese population is a unique cultural and historical legacy of Portuguese colonization in the 16th and 17th century. Even to this day, many of the ancient traditions passed down since the Portuguese occupation are still practised, i.e. "Intrudu" (a water festival that marks the beginning of the Catholic fasting season, the season of Lent), "branyu" (traditional dance), "santa cruz" (a yearly Festival of street celebrations)

Transport
Trains Tampin, a town 30 km north of Malacca town, is the nearest train station that serves Malacca. There were railway tracks from Tampin to Malacca before World War 2, but was dismantled by the Japanese invaders during the war for the construction of the infamous _____________________________27_

Burmese Death Railway. It was never rebuilt after the war though traces of the line remained. Buses Malacca has a bus station in Melaka Central which has air-conditioned waiting areas and separate areas for buses plying the town routes and for buses plying the inter-town routes with regular bus services to Singapore, Johor Baru, Kuala Lumpur and other places in Malaysia. Airport The Airpot in Batu Berendam mainly serves chartered flights from around the region. It also serves as a flying school for Malaysia Flying Academy. The Ayeh Keroh exit at the North South Highway is the main entry to Malacca. There are two additional exits along the North-South highway, namely the Alor Gajah and Jasin exits.

A decorated, music enabled trishaw

Economy
The tourism and manufacturing sectors are the two most important sectors in the state economy. Its rich cultural heritage stretches from the fourteen century and bears several places of _____________________________28_

historical interest. Apart from tourism, Malacca is also a manufacturing centre for products ranging from food and consumer products to electronic products.

Places of interest

A Formosa gate

Old plan with arrow showing the gate ‘A Formosa’ was built by the Portuguese in 1511 after Admiral Alfonso D' Albuquerque managed to capture Malacca from the Malay Sultanate. It was built like a fort and is meant to prevent the Portuguese garrison from being attacked by the Sultan’s men. Some parts of the fort is _____________________________29_

reputed to be fifteen feet thick and as many feet down the ground as well! In 1641, the Dutch, with support from Sultan of Johor forces, managed to wrest control of the Portuguese fort. Due to heavy bombardments, much of the fort was destroyed. The Dutch ruled the place for 150 years, until they ceded it to the British in 1824. The British forces then destroyed whatever remains of the fort, except for the gate, which had Dutch coats of arm. The gate remains to this day. It is one of the most photographed buildings in Malacca today. Visitors should not miss the chance of snapping a photo of this remnant as it is a historical edifice that is 500 years old. It is speculated that the original size of the fort is much bigger and in 2007, part of the extended foundations was found during some excavation work done on a nearby proposed commercial building. There is however no further excavation of the site due to existing buildings that cannot be removed. How to go there ‘A formosa’ is situated right in the middle of the town. It is also a walking distance from most of the hotels. It is situated next to the State Tourism Centre and also close to the Studhuys. Refer to section 3 of town map below

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Bukit Cina

Bukit Cina Bukit Cina or ‘Chinese Hill’ is the largest graveyard outside of China. It was originally a Chinese settlement area arranged by Sultan Mansor Shah when he took Hang Li Po as his firth wife. When the Portuguese came, they took over the hill as it was a strategic location when they had to defend themselves from the onslaught of the Sultan’s forces who were trying to retake Malacca. A Portuguese chapel was even built on top of the hill. After many years of fighting, the hill was abandoned as a settlement area for humans, and instead given to the Chinese for burial purposes. Today, it is an abandoned place as there are no more spaces left for even the dead. Some of the graves were of the Ming period, and nowadays, people use it to practice their mountain biking skills. At the bottom of the hill is the Hang Li Po well and its adjoining Sam Po Tong temple. How to go there: It is sited on the outskirts of the main tourist sites and a mere fifteen minutes walk from the A Formosa gate. Refer to section 2 of town map below. ____________________________31_

Baba Nyonya Heritage house

House of Baba and Nonya The Baba and Nyonya heritage house is the place where you can view a part of the Chinese culture that was current when they first came to settle in Malacca in the early 15th century. Their culture is unique as they managed to acquire and assimilate some of the Malay styles of living when they intermarried with the locals. Although they more often speak the Malay language, they however do not embrace Islam. As a result, they wear clothing’s that is different from the Chinese who came later as tin miners during the British rule. They also have ornate heirlooms for their wedding ceremonies and if you are here, do also try their nyonya cooking, a unique blend of Chinese and local Malay fare that is not found in your local China towns. Chinese from other parts of the world come here to savor the special food. There are 65 non air-conditioned rooms for rental from Ringgit Malaysia 65 (about US$18) per night. Secured car parks are available behind the building. Refer to section 4 of town map below. _____________________________32_

Zheng He Museum

A modern museum housing paraphernalia’s of the Chinese Admiral Zheng He. You will be able to see some of the artifacts used during those times when Zheng He made his many exploratory trips to this part of the world on behalf of the Ming Emperor. How to go there. It is sited in town, just next to Jonker’s street. Refer to section 3 and look for L Hang Jebat of the town map below. Hokien Huay Kuan (clan house) 23 Jalan Hang Jebat

Most of the Chinese in Malacca belongs to the Hokien clan and this clan house is a testimony to their successes. The house is a good showpiece of the Hokien culture and their unique architectural styles and cultures. How to go there: look for J Hang Jebat in section 1 of town map below. _____________________________33_

The Baba House is at Tun Tan Cheng Lock road right in town. It is a walking distance from most hotels. Addressed at 125-127 Jalan Tan Cheng Lock, 75000, Malacca. Teliphone:+606 281 1216. For exact location, see section 1 of town map below. Christ church

Christ Church The Dutch took twelve years to build this church, in commemorating a century of their rule. The building was completed only in 1753. It was an architectural wonder then, as it had a ceiling beam constructed from a single tree and without joints. You can also see ‘the last super’ painting, in a glazed form. Christ Church is also the longest surviving Protestant church in Malaysia. The bricks that were used were brought in from Zeeland in Holland. The present salmon red color of the building was painted only recently, and was not the original color. When it was built, it was only brick faced and chiefly served as a Dutch Lutheran Church. From the wall plaques you will be able to see inscriptions in memories of those who died there during the Dutch _____________________________34_

occupation. Many seems to have died from those tropical diseases that the occupiers did not have immunities from There is also a wooden plaque in memory of those who died there during the Japanese occupation, believed to have been put by the British. An interesting feature found here is the encasing of tombstones unto the floor, some with Portuguese and Armenian inscriptions. There are also Dutch tomb stones, but only in the church surroundings. There are no records as to who have put them there, but it is generally believed that these Portuguese graves were originally from behind the hill slop and were transplanted there by the British. It was not likely to have been the work of the Dutch simply because as staunch Protestants, they were not likely to have allowed the Catholic Portuguese to be buried in their church ground. The Dutch buried their dead in the surrounding cemetery, but today, you will only find five of them here. The rest of about thirty three are British graves. It is speculated that the British only moved into this compound later on when they used it as their Anglican Church. How to go there The church is located at Jalan Geraja. You can call the people at the Malacca Tourist Information Center at +606 283 6538 for additional information. It is sited right in town, near the State Tourism office. It adjoins the Studhuy buildings and is just a walking distance from most town hotels. For the exact location, please refer to section 3 of town map below. _____________________________35_

Hang Li Po’s well

Hang Li Po’s well This historical well was built by the early Chinese who had settled around a small hillock called Bukit Cina as a source of water. It was built in 1459 and named after the royal maiden Hang Li Po from the Ming Dynasty who later married the Sultan. It is reputed to never dry up with water as it is sited at the bottom of a hill. During its early years, it served as an important source of drinkable water, both for the Chinese settlers and later for the Portuguese and the Dutch. It was a strategic facility for the settlers as during the many battles that were fought over Malacca, there were attempts by enemy forces to first put poison into the well so as to cut off the supply of water. Today, this well no longer serves the purpose of water supply, but as a wishing well for those who come from afar. How to go there The Hang Li Po well is sited at the bottom of ‘Bukit Cina’ and is actually in the fringes of the town. It is a walking distance from most town hotels and a five minute walk from the State Tourism office. It is next to the Sam Po Kong temple in Puteri Hang Li Po road. Just ask for ‘Bukit Cina’ and the locals _____________________________36_

will direct you there. For the exact location, please refer to section 2 of town map. It is next to Sam Po Kong. Malacca Cultural Museum

Currently, the museum houses about 1,350 items in the form of artifacts, prints, photographs and drawings which represent the history and cultural heritage of the Malay Sultanate of Melaka and the various communities, which came to settle in Melaka during that period. There are different chambers including the Royal band, weaponry, decorative arts, emissaries and gifts, a recreation hall, an audience hall and an Islamic hall. The galleries depict the famous clash between the legendary warriors Hang Tuah and Hang Jebat. Exhibits include prints and photographs of the Melaka Sultanate, a model of the Sultan Mansur Shah Palace, Malay weapons, Malay traditional wedding dress, jewelleries and brassware. Opening Hours Daily: 9am - 6pm Closed on Monday

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St Paul’s church

Saint Paul’s Church A Portuguese Captain by the name of Duarte Coelho built this chapel named ‘our lady of the hill’. It was later turned into a church by the Dutch. When the Portuguese missionary Saint Francis Xavier died in China, his body was brought back and was briefly buried here before it was finally brought to Goa in India for final burial. This is however, not a functioning church. How to go there It is situated in the vicinity of the Malacca river mouth, right in the middle of town and next to the State Tourism office. Nearby are the A Formosa and the Studuys. It is also a walking distance from most town hotels. For exact location, refer to section 3 of town map below. Jonker Street

Jonker Street night scene ____________________________38_

The ‘Antics Center of the East’, so they say. Here you will find shops selling antiques and art curios, some dating back 250 years. Most of the wares have a history to tell. You can spend the whole afternoon here browsing over the artifacts. They all have special packaging services in case you want them to ship it for you. On weekends, from Friday to Sundays, after 6 pm, you can walk care-freely here as it is turned into a pedestrian shopping mall. You will find curios, Victorian memorabilia, handicrafts and exotic food galore here. Europeans just love this place and it is world renowned. On the map, this road is known as Hang Jebat road. Just one thing when you come here. You will be tempted to at least grab a piece of history. If you don’t intend to buy, then browsing over the many artifacts and souvenirs will make you wondered why people from the far corners of the world come here to cart away the unique items! Most of the old items were sourced from family heirlooms of the locals. Some of course are not so genuine, so buyers beware, and if possible, haggle your way through. Besides antiques, you will also find goldsmiths, shops selling watches, wooden clogs, beaded shoes, rattan wares and Chinese medicine shops. How to get there Jonker street is just right in the middle of town, a walking distance from most town hotels. Just mention the name and you will be directed to it by the locals. Look for J Hang Jebat in section 1 of town map below. _____________________________39_

St Francis Xavier’s Church

St Francis Xavier’s Church This church was built in memory to the Catholic missionary Saint Francis Xavier by a Frenchman Reverend Farve. The Portuguese had in 1553 built a church here before. How to go there See section 3 of town map.

Cheng Hoon Teng temple

Cheng Hoon Teng temple This is the oldest Chinese temple in the country, built in 1646 during the Dutch

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occupation. As some of the Chinese settlers who came later were successful traders, they had wanted their own place of worship. They then collected money to build the temple. Most of the roof tiles, figurines and wall glazing were directly brought in from native Fukien province. Special artisans were also brought in from China to build the temple. Today, you will be able to see the many ornate figurines and deities of Taoist culture doting both the facades and roof tops of the temple. Although some of them might have lost its original colors, it is nevertheless a good subject for avid photographers. How to go there It is sited in town, next to Jonker’s street and a walking distance from most town hotels. See section 1 of map. Hang Tuah’s Mauseleum

Hang Tuah’s Mausoleum Hang Tuah is one of the most famous Malay warriors who lived during the reign of Sultan Mansor Shah. He was the commander of the king’s naval forces and had defended the kingdom from repeated attacks from the Siamese and Archenese. The mausoleum was built in memory of the great contributions from this brave warrior. _____________________________41_

How to go there: The site is in Kledang and is about five kilometers from the town center. You can ask your hotel to arrange for a short trip there.

St John’s Fort

Saint John’s fort was built by the Dutch in the 18th century. It lies on top of a small hill called St John’s hill, 3 kilometer from the town center. It was dedicated to John the Baptist. You will note that the gun embrasures are faced inland instead of the sea. During the Dutch occupation, most of the threats came from the interiors and not from the sea. Its location on top of the hill means that enemy forces will be easily sported. How to go there See section 3 of map below St Peter’s Church

The Portuguese build this church in 1710, with a style that mixes the east _____________________________42_

and west. It is also the only church in the country that has a life-size statue of the dead Lord before the Resurrection. This is also the oldest functioning Catholic church in the country. How to get there: See section 3 of map below. St Paul’s church

St Paul’s Church with St Francis Xavier’s statue in the foreground Situated on a hillock behind the ‘A Formosa’ fort, this chapel was built by a Portuguese Captain named Duerte Coelho. It was later converted into a church by the Dutch. There are a few tombstones behind it that have Latin and Dutch inscriptions. Just beside it, there is a statue of St Francis Xavier whose dead body was briefly laid here in an open grave before it was finally sent to Goa in India for burial. The body was put in a gold cast and miraculously, it has not been corrupted since. However, there is a missing right

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hand. It was reported that the severed hand was sent to Rome, on the Pope’s order. There were reports that blood flowed out of the wound for hundreds of years but today it has withered. By coincidence, the right hand of the marble statue of St Francis here was broken when a tree fell on it during a storm. The statue was erected in 1952, and today, the statue stands without the right hand. How to go there: St Paul’s church is sited on a hillock just behind the A Formosa gate. It is right in the middle of town and is just a walking distance from most town hotels. See section 3 of town map below. Independence Hall

Independence Memorial Hall The building was built by the British and used as their ‘Malacca Club’ house, but it was later used as a memorial building by the Malayan Government after she gained independence in 1956. This building was the backdrop for Somerset Maugham’s 1927 novel, ‘Footprint in the Jungle’. It now houses articles that were related to the country’s gaining of Independence from the British. The Independence Building was used as the place where the first Prime Minister of then Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman _____________________________44_

read out the historical document of Independence from British rule in1956. You will be able to view many exhibits here that were related to the country’s path to independence, including the car that fetched the Tunku from the Batu Berendam airport when he first landed here after leaving London. How to go there The Independence Memorial Building is site right in the middle of town, very near the Studhuys and the State Tourism office. It is also a walking distance from most town hotels. See section 3 of town map below. Sam Poh Tong temple

This temple was built with dedication to the great mariner Admiral Cheng He, who was one of the early officials from China to trade with Malacca. It is sited at the bottom of Bukit Cina. It was reputed that during one of Cheng He’s trip to the area, there was a huge storm that almost sank the Admiral’s ship. It was told that a fish miraculously got itself stuck onto a hole in the ship’s hull, thus preventing water from seeping in. How to go there It is sited next to Hang Li Po’s well, at the foot of Bukit Cina and a walking distance from most of the town’s historical sites like Studhuy and A Formosa. See section 2 of map.

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Portuguese San Pedro cerebrations

The only remaining large Portuguese settlements (about 3000) outside Portugal, named the ‘Portuguese Settlement’. For over five hundred years, these residents have evolved from their Portuguese ancestry with inter marriages with the local Malays, but some of the earlier customs have been retained, like the annual San Pedro Festival. The feast of St John (celebrated in June) is commemorated with the lighting of a huge bonfire and dancing. Tourists come to this place to savior the unique food and singing and to see what the Portuguese descendants look like. Most of them have retained their Portuguese surnames like Sequiera and Lopez. It is a little Portuguese, a little Malay and some other races mixed together. The Portuguese settlement is a must visit place. Come here at night and enjoy the unique cuisines and dances. There is even a three star hotel called Lisbon here! How to go there: The Portuguese settlement is about four kilometers from the main historical monuments like A Formosa. You can take a leisurely walk there in the evening, or you can take a short taxi trip there. Ask around and most people will _____________________________46_

show you the way. Your hotel staff can also arrange a day trip for a small number of people. Victorian Fountain

Queen Victoria’s fountain was erected in 1901 in commemoration of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. This is one of the few remaining architectural footprints left behind from the British occupation. The fountain is still functioning today and you can also find many tourist trishaws resting there and awaiting business. This is a good place to snap your photos and to savor the delights of human powered trishaws. See section 3 of map. Light and Sound display

The display is a light and sound presentation of the many cultures that made up Malacca. It is both educational _____________________________47_

and entertaining. The site is situated at Bandar Hilir, Padang Pahlawan on top of St Paul’s Hill. Tel:+606 230 7401 Malacca Clock Tower Built in 1886 and donated by Tan Jiak Kim to the townsfolk. Maritime Museum

Maritime Museum The museum is sited inside a life size replica of the Portuguese warship Flor De La Mar , parked beside a jetty along the Malacca river mouth. You can view past European shipping artifacts and history here. How to get there: section 3 of map

Resort Hotels
If you are calling from international destinations, the country code is 60, followed by the number of the hotel. Hotel rates are subjected to change and it is only an indication of the best off peak season prices. Contact the hotel for the current rates. Most of the hotels offer online bookings and it is advisable to do so before you come here so as not to encounter unavailable accommodation when you arrive. _____________________________48_

Where websites are not available, you should use facsimile for your enquiries. You can also book through fax.

A' Famosa Resort Melaka Rooms: 221 Jalan Kemus, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-552 0555, Fax: 06-552 0811 Rates~ from US$43 Website www.afamosa.com Email: afrh@po.jaring.my Air Keroh Country Resort Rooms: 49 Chalets: 15 Leboh Ayer Keroh, 74500 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-232 5211, Fax: 06-232 0422 Rates~ from US$42 Email: aker@po.jaring.my Ayer Keroh d'Village Melaka Rooms: 240 Ayer Keroh, 75450 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-232 8000, Fax: 06-232 7541 Rates~ from US$ 23 Klebang Beach Resort Chalets: 46 Km 9 Batang Tiga, Tanjung Kling 76400 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-315 5888, Fax: 06-315 1713 Pandanusa Resort Rooms: 54 Chalets: 64 Pulau Besar, P.O. Box 504 75670 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-281 8007, Fax: 06-281 5941 _____________________________49_

Puteri Resort Ayer Keroh Rooms:228 Jalan Puteri Resort, 75450 Melaka, Malaysia P.O. Box 398, 75760 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-232 3333 / 231 5881, Fax: 06231 5868 / 231 5896 www.puteriresort.com Email: infomkz@po.jaring.my Riviera Bay Resort Melaka Rooms: 420 10 Km Jalan Tanjung Kling, 76400 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-315 1111, Fax: 06-315 3333 Rates~ from US$ 40 Email: riviera.rbm@meritus-hotels.com Samudera Bidara Beach Resort Rooms: 28 Kg Balik Batu, Tg Bidara 78300 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-384 7587, Fax: 06-384 4172 Shah's Beach Resort Chalets: 52 10Km Jalan Tanjung Kling 76400 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-315 2120, Fax: 06-315 2088 Tanjung Bidara Beach Resort Rooms: 50 Chalets: 15 Tanjung Bidara 78300 Masjid Tanah, Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-384 2990/4, Fax: 06-384 2995 Rates~ from US$ 30 Email: hgcmlk@pd.jaring.my Upeh Island Resort Chalets: 72 P.O. Box 200 757400Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-336 9999, Fax: 06-336 8999 _____________________________50_

Hotels in Town
Century Mahkota Hotel Rooms: 617 Jalan Merdeka, 75000 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-281 2828, Fax: 06-281 2323 Rates~ from US$ 50 Email: cmh@tm.net.my Emperor Hotel Melaka Rooms: 250 123 Jalan Munshi Adbullah 75100 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-284 0777, Fax: 06-284 0787 Rates~ from US$ 30 Email: hgcmlk@pd.jaring.my Garden City Service Apartments Rates~ from US$50 Grand Hill Hotel Melaka Rooms: 112 177 Jalan Tun Aali, 75300 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-284 1377 / 282 7577, Fax: 06284 9133 Hallmark Hotel 68 Jalan Portugis, Off Jalan Kubu, Malacca Tel:606 281 2888 Fax:606 281 3409 Rates~ from US$30 www.hotelhallmark.com Hotel Equatorial Melaka Rooms: 496 Bandar Hilir, 75000 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-282 8333, Fax: 06-282 9333 Rates~ from US$65 Website www.equatorial.com reservations@mel.equatorial.com _____________________________51_

Hotel Grand Continental Rooms: 150 20 Jalan Tun Sri Lanang 75100 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-284 0088, Fax: 06-284 8125 Rtaes~ from US$43 Website www.ghihotels.com Email: hgcmlk@pd.jaring.my Hotel Orkid Melaka Rooms: 110 133 Jalan Bendahara, Daerah Melaka Tengah 75100 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-282 5555, Fax: 06-282 7777 Rates~ from US$43 Website www.hotelorkidmelaka.com Email: hotelorkid@po.jaring.my Hotel Puri Melaka Rooms: 50 118 Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, 75200 Melaka, Malaysia Rates~ from US$30 Tel: 06-282 5588, Fax: 06-281 5588 Email: reservations@hotelpuri.com Website: www.hotelpuri.com Number Twenty Guesthouse 20, Jln Hang Jebat, 75200, M’cca Tel:606 281 9761 Fax:606 281 9761 Rates~ from US$30 www.twentymelaka.com reservations@selesalifestyle.com Hotel Seri Costa Rooms: 93 146 Jalan PM 8, Plaza Mahkota 75000 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-281 6666, Fax: 06-286 4922 Rates~ from US$42 www.hotelsericosta.com Email: hotelsericosta@pd.jaring.my _____________________________52_

Holiday Inn Melaka Jln Syed Abdul Aziz, 75000, M’cca Tel:606 285 9000 Fax:606 285 9111 www.ichotelsgroup.com Renaissance Melaka Hotel Rooms: 300 Jalan Bendahara, 75100 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-284 8888, Fax: 06-284 9269 Rates~ from US$ 73 www.marriott.com/hotels/travel/mkzrnrenaissance-melaka-hotel/ Email: infomkz@po.jaring.my Straits Meridian Suite Apartment Rooms: 57 1 Jalan Malinja, Taman Malinja, Bukit Baru 75150 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-284 1166, Fax: 06-283 0030 Rates~ from US$37 www.straitsmeridian.com.my Email: sales@straitsmeridian.com.my The City Bayview Hotel - Melaka Rooms: 182 Jalan Bendahara, 75100 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-283 9888, Fax: 06-283 6699 Rates~ from US$65 Website www.bayviewhotels.com Email: cbviewmk@tm.net.my The Golden Legacy Hotel Rooms: 262 146 Jalan Hang Tuah, 75300 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-281 6868, Fax: 06-281 9898 Rates~ from US$60 Email: inquiry@goldenlegacy.com.my _____________________________53_

More Budget Hotels
Accordian Hotel Website www.accordianhotel.com Rates~ from US$30 Aldy Hotel 27, Jln Kota 75000 Malacca Tel: 06 283 3232 Fax 06 286 3236 Rates~ from US$40 Website www.aldyhotel.com.my Ambasador Hotel Jln Melaka Raya 75000 Malacca Tel: 06 282 2228 Rates~ from US$35 www.ambassadorhotel.com.my Atlantic Park Hotel 9830, Jln Bukit Baru, 75150 M’cca Tel: 06 281 0989 Fax:06 281 5894 Baba Nonya Heritage 48, 50 Jln Tan Cheng Lock, 75200 M’cca Tel: 06 283 1273 Rates~ from US$25 The Baba House 125-127, Jln Tun Tan Cheng Lock Tel:606 281 1216 Fax:606 281 1217 www.thebabahouse.com.my thebabahouse@srikota.com.my Rate~ from US$35 Belmount Hotel Jalan Portugis, 75200Malacca. Tel: 06 281 8888 Rates~ from US$21 _____________________________54_

Bentona Hotel 174, Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75000 Malacca. Tel: 06 284 3333 Fax:06 282 9899 Rates~ from US$17 City Theme Hotel 163, Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75000 Malacca Tel: 06 286 5855 Fax:06 286 5955 Coastal Park 533, Ujong Pasir,75050, M’cca Tel: 06 282 9199 Fax:06 282 9193 Rates~ from US$27 Emperor Hotel 123, Munshi Abdullah, 75100, M’cca Tel: 06 284 0777 Fax:06 283 8989 Rates~ from US$40 Website www.theempororhotel.com Fenix Inn 156, Jalan Merdeka, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000, M’cca Tel:606 281 5511 Fax:606 284 2581 Website www.fenixinn.com reservation@fenixinn.com Grande City Hotel 172 Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75000 Malacca Tel: 06 283 9800 Fax:06 283 9392 _____________________________55_

Grand Southern Hotel 172, Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75000, M’cca 5. Tel: 606 283 9800 6. Fax:606 283 9392 Rates~ from US$14 Habour Club Melaka Raya 8, 75000, M’cca Hotel Melia 4 & 6, Jln Tmn Melaka Raya 20, 75000, Malacca. Rates~ from US$ 27 Hotel Seri Costa Website www.hotelsericosta.com

Hotel Tropicaville 7,9,11, Jalan PM 15, Plaza Mahkota, 75000, Malacca. Tel: 606 282 6311 Fax:606 286 6311 Website www.hoteltropicaville.com reservation@hoteltropicalville.com King’s Hotel 30, Lebuh Ayeh Keroh, 75450, M’ca Tel: 06 231 3899 Fax:06 231 3803 Rates~ from US$ 37 Lotus Inn 2846 Jln Semambok, 75050, M’cca Tel: 06 283 7211 Fax:06 283 7213 Rates~ from US$ 16 Malacca Straits hotel 72, Jln Chan Koon Cheng 75000, Malacca Tel: 06 286 1888 _____________________________56_

Mahkota Guest House 1 to 5 Jln PM 13, Plaza Mahkota, Bandar Hilir, 75000, Malacca. Rates~ from US$ 50 The Metropole Hotel Jalan Tun Ali, 75000, Malacca Tel: 06 283 5322 Fax06 2835327 Rates~ from US$ 32 MITC Ancasa Hotel Lot 15232 Jln Food City,75450 Malacca Tel: 06 231 7808 Fax:06 231 5808 Mimosa Hotel 108, Jln Bunga Raya, 75100 M’cca Tel: 606 282 1113 Fax:606 281 9122 Rates~ from US$40 Website www.mimosahotel.com Naza Hotel 177 Jln Tun Ali, 75300, Ma’cca Rates~ from US$38 Website www.nazahotel.com.my Tel: 06 288 2288 Fax:06 288 2289 New Cathay Hotel 100-106, Jln Munshi Abdullah,75100, Malacca. Tel: 606 282 3337 New Regal Hotel 66, Jln Munshi Abdullah, 75100, M’cca Tel: 606 283 5959 _____________________________57_

Ng Fook Hotel 10. 154-H1, Jln Bunga Raya, 75100, M’cca 11. Tel: 606 282 8055 Pacific Inn Hotel 377, Lot 98, Jln Tenquera 75200 M’cca Tel: 606 281 1199 Fax:606 281 1715 Rates~ from US$ 30 Palace Hotel Jln Munshi Abdullah, 75100, M’cca Tel: 06 282 5355 Fax:06 284 8833 Rates~ from US$ 30 QM Inn Hotel 210 Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75000 Malacca Tel: 06 288 1010 Shah’s Resort 9km Tanjung Kling, 76400, M’cca Tel:606 315 3121 Fax:606 315 2088 Rates~ from US$40 Website www.shahsresort.com viera@pc.jaring.my Semabok Inn 396, Jln Semabok, 75050, M’cca Tel: 06 283 8877 Fax:06 2827300 Rates~ from US$35 Website www.semabokinn.com Email: maxcarry@tm.net.my _____________________________58_

Seri Malaysia Lot PT 12332, Jln Lebuh Ayeh Keroh, 75760, Malacca Tel: 06 232 8460 Fax:06 232 8470 Website www.serimalaysia.com.my Tan Kim Hock Hotel 153, Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75000, Malacca Tel: 06 283 5322 Rates~ from US$ 30 The Legacy Website www.thelegacy.com.my

Ya Sher Hotel Laksamana Cheng Ho, 75050, M’cc Tel: 06 284 6076

GOLF Resorts
A'Famosa Golf Resort Jalan Kemus, Simpang Empat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-552 0555, Fax: 06-552 7851 Email: afgolf@jaring.my Ayer Keroh Country Club Km 14.5 Jalan Ayer Keroh, 75450 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-233 2000, 233 2001 Fax: 06232 3578 Email: akccb@pd.jaring.my Golden Valley Golf & Country Club KM 25 Air Panas, 77200 Bemban, Jasin, Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 019-601 0333, Fax: 019-601 0608 / 9 _____________________________59_

The Jasin Club (TJC) P.O. Box 2, Jalan Rim 77000 Malacca Malaysia Tel: 06-529 3758 / 353 3100, Fax: 06-529 3758 Orna Golf & Country Club Batu 16, Jalan Gapam Ladang, 77220 Jasin, Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 010-601 0888, 06-2420333, Fax: 06-242 0222 Pandanusa Golf Club P.O. Box 504, Perjabat Pos Besar, 75670 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-281 5015, Fax: 06-281 5011 Tiara Melaka Golf & Country Club Ayer Keroh, Jalan Gapam, Bukit Katil P.O. Box 473, 75760 Melaka, Malaysia Tel: 06-231 1111, 231 2366, Fax: 06231 4122 D-Paradise Tropical Fruit World Rates~ from US$ 35

SHOPPING
Jaya Jusco Leboh Raya Ayer Keroh Kota Mas Shopping Complex Leboh Raya Ayer Keroh Madam King's Departmental Jalan Bunga Raya _____________________________60_

Mahkota Parade Jalan Bunga Raya Plaza Hang Tuah Jalan Hang Tuah Plaza Soon Seng Jalan Tun Ali The Store Jalan Kilang Plaza Melaka Raya Taman Melaka Raya Carrefour Hypermarket Bangunan Pahlawan, Jalan Bunga Raya Tesco Hypermarket Giant Hypermarket

Other Interesting Places
BUTTERFLY & REPTILE FARM

You will find all sorts of insects and butterflies like the rare Rajah Brooke and Birdwing here. Jalan Ayer Keroh Tel: 6006-2030033 Fax: 606-2329977 _____________________________61_

Malacca Zoo

Malacca Zoo is the second largest zoo in Malaysia and is located 12 km outside town in Air Keroh. There are about 1200 animals housed in this 54 acres enclosure. Two species that are almost extinct are the Seladang (a wide ox) and the Sumatran Rhino. Rated one of the best zoo in this part of the world. Opens daily from 9am to 6pm. MELAKA CROCODILE FARM Recreational Forest

Here is an untouched and natural forest with marked walkways and tress to give you a feel of the Asian jungle

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environment. You will be able to see plenty of flora and fauna here. You can spend a whole leisurely day here jogging, jungle trekking, hiking and cycling. It is sited in Air Keroh, along with the zoo and other recreational sites. Crocodile Farm

This is one of the largest farms in the region with over 100 species including Albino and hunchback. It is sited in Air Keroh, near the zoo. Set as close to its natural habitat as far as possible, visitors will be able to see crocodiles and reptiles in their natural surroundings. Ayer Keroh Recreational Centre Jalan Ayer Keroh Tel: 606-2322349/2322350 Fax: 606-2319136 Gadek Hot Spring

This hot spring is located about 30 km from Malacca town in Alor Gajah. The spring was discovered by some British soldiers during the 2nd World War and it is believed that its water have therapeutic properties. There is also a canteen available. If you have _____________________________63_

problematic skins, dipping them in the spring water might give you relief. Operates daily from 7am to 9pm. Pulau Besar

Pulau Besar If you love sand and sea, this is the right place to be. This small island off the Malacca coast has chalets built on stilts and its surrounding water is quiet clear. If you have plenty of time, you can do swimming, fishing and some snorkeling here. This island used to be an anchoring point during the period when Malacca was a trading post. Chinese junks and European ships rest here as it is sheltered from stormy weather. Cape Rachado (Tanjung Tuan )

Sited here is the country’s oldest light house built by the Dutch in 1817. It is now a gazetted forest reserve due to its strategic location where birds used it as _____________________________64_

a resting place during their winter migration from the northern (Siberia) to the southern hemisphere (Australia). It January. This cape is also close to the seaside resort of Port Dickson, where you can also have fun, water and fresh sea food. A'FAMOSA WATER WORLD

A Famosa Water World is rated as the largest theme park in Malaysia. Especially designed for family recreation, the 20-acre Water World is fully equipped with international standard facilities. Thrill seekers can check out the high speed water slides and water scooters. The Wave Pool gives a feeling of a beach away from the beach. You can also enjoy the longest Lazy River in the world, the highly exciting High Speed Slides and the Arabian Village. Address: Jalan Kemus, Simpang Empat,78000, Aloh Gajah, Melaka. Tel:603 2781 8888 Fax:603 2781 8833 www.afamosa.com

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Peacock Paradise Bird Park

Peacock Paradise - The Bird Park of Melaka (Taman Merak & Burung Melaka) is the first bird park full of peacocks in Malaysia. Set and located in 4.5ha of landscaped gardens with streams and pathway, Peacock Paradise The Bird Park, Melaka is the world's largest walk in aviary. Situated within the Ayer Keroh - Durian Tunggal Tourism area, it contains over 3,000 free flying birds from more than 100 species in a netted enclosure. The park is also a destination for eco tourism and is one of the most unique bird parks in Asia where visitors will have a close encounter with flying birds. Km 16.5 Kg. Padang Keladi, Durian TunggalTel: 606-5534588 Fax: 6065534587 Opening Hours Daily: 9am - 6pm Near Ayeh Keroh Exit Tel:606 552 4588 _____________________________66_

Would you like to buy these?
Colorful wooden Clogs

These colorful wooden clogs are individually designed and you can either use them or put them up as decorative items. It never fails to amaze people. The Chinese used them during the olden days, but they are now more often being used at the kitchens. Here in Malacca, you can even have your own design motif painted on it.

Hand made shoes These petite Chinese shoes are made for Chinese ladies whose feet are bounded from growing to their normal sizes. The leg binding practice originated in China during the Ming Dynasty and its purpose was to keep the legs of well to do daughters small size so that they can walk in a graceful manner. The tradition was brought to Malacca when the Chinese came to settle and it continues until the early 20th century. _____________________________67_

There were cobblers who specialize in this form of shoes and they still carry the trade until these days. You can find authentic petite shoes at some of the shops in the town center. Although ladies with bounded feet are no more found, these shoes have become a collector’s item of sorts.

Exotic Foods

You should try these! Asam Laksa

What do you mix cucumber, lettuce, pineapple, onion and mint garnishing and hot spicy soup? Explosion! That’s it. Mind you, the thick soup is a special ingredient and it gives the whole thing a ‘fishy taste’ that you can’t get anywhere else. Soft rice noodle is then added to bring out the special taste. It is a bit on the hot side, though. This dish is available at most hotels, but if you ask the locals, they might lead you to some eating stalls that have this item as their specialty. _____________________________68_

Assam Curry Fish head

Big salt water fish head cooked in special curry gravy garnished with shallots, garlic, and lemon grass and other flowers and herbs. Add to it some asam (local sour plum) and simmered slowly in an earthen pot. Well, what you get is hot and tasty fish that you would want more. It is definitely hot! Normally available at Indian Muslim restaurants that you can easily find around town. Look for the ‘fish head’ signature on shop signboards to locate this dish, or ask the locals. Hainanese Chicken Rice Ball

Hainanese Chicken Rice ball Steamed plain chicken pieces served with special ‘rice balls’. Ah, when people come to Malacca, they must not leave without tasting this dish. The rice ball is soft, aromatic, and not available any where else. This dish is not hot, but a special garlic-chilli source is available _____________________________69_

for those who cannot live without chilli. A Malaccan specialty, this Chinese Hainanese concoction is not even available in native Hainan Island in China!. There are only a few shops dishing out this specialty. Two of them are right in the middle of town, located near the OCBC bank. It is also available at shopping complexes like Mahkota Parade. Satay Celup

Satay celup is raw meat (some are precooked) threaded on a slim wooden stick, then dunked into a pot of boiling water and dipped into a special nutty source (mainly satay peanut) for flavor. You can get it at most food courts or they sometimes come from mobile hawkers on trishaw carts. Young people just love to dip in the satay sticks. Curry Debal (Portuguese slang for devil’s curry)

Curry Debal or 'Devil's Curry is a fiery ____________________________70_

hot dish that is unique to the Kristang culture (Descendants of Portuguese colonists who settled in Malacca). It is indeed very spicy as the name implies. The secret to the curry's delicious taste is a blend of candlenuts, galangal and vinegar. Curry Debal is often served during special occasions among the Portuguese community in Malacca but most hotels also have it from their kitchens. Chendol

This dish is also a dessert and is made from greenish colored thick short pea noodles served in brown coconut based gravy. It has shaved ice added to give you that ‘cooling’ effect, especially useful in this hot tropical climate. Originated from southern India, this sweet concoction is a must try. It is available in most eating outlets and coffee houses of hotels. Coconut House Studio

Here is a place for you to rest your tired feet if you have been strolling along _____________________________71_

town. It is situated at 128, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock and you can seep a cool glass of beer accompanied by wooden fired pizza in their courtyard with a two century old well. There is also a grown palm tree to boot! Address: 128, Jln Tun Tan Cheng Lock Tel:606 282 9328 Some other delicacies * Baba and Nonya specialties. * Malay ikan baker * Indian Banana leave rice * Chinese oyster omelette * Chinese soft shelled crabs * Chinese Popiahs

Information
Money The local currency is called the ‘Ringgit’ and the approximate exchange rate is 3.3 Ringgit for 1 US dollar. You will need to check the prevailing rate with your bank or at the airport on arrival. You can exchange for Malaysian Ringgits at the airports, banks, and major shopping malls. Traveler’s cheques are accepted by banks and most tourist shops. Most ATM (automatic cash dispensers) at commercial banks also dispenses local money from Visa and Master card holders, and some operates on a twenty four hour basis. If you need specific advices on money matters, you can ask your hotel people. Most commercial outlets accept Visa and Master cards, while some also accept American Express. Foreign cheques are however not accepted. _____________________________72_

Miscellaneous Hash House Harriers Kota Melaka 160-F, Jln Laksamana 12, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200, Malacca. Men’s only run every Friday 6pm. Phone: 606 282 9835 Email: tsthara@tm.net.my P.O.Box 256, Melaka Mixed Hash: 606 2326171 Airline Offices Malaysia Airlines has an office in City Bayview Hotel Phone: 606 283 0654 & 606 282 9597 Pelangi Airways flies to Pekan Baru, Sumatra on Tue, Thur, Fri and Sunday at 12.35 am Phone:606 317 4685 & 606 317 4175 Sea Travels Madai Shipping Daily ferry to Dumai, Sumatra Phone: 606 284 0671 Tunas Rapat Daily ferry to Damai, Sumatra Phone: 606 283 2506 Parameswara Tours Operates a Malacca river cruise daily from 10am, tide permiting. Also available: boat trip to Pulau Besar, Pulau Upeh Phone: 606 286 5468 _____________________________73_

Land Travels There are express buses that serves outstation destinations like Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Johor Baru, Ipoh, Penang, Kuantan and Kota Baru and it is available regularly from the Melaka Sentral bus stand opposite Tesco supermarket off Jln Tun Abdul Razak. Town buses also operate around city areas on an hourly basis. Taxi services: 606 288 2525 Car Rentals In order to drive in Malaysia, you will need an International Driving Liscence. When you rent a car from bona fide car renting firms, you are automatically insured. Avis Malaysia Lot 0.4, Ground Floor, Angkasa Raya Building, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur. Tel: 1800 88 1054 Counter B-16, Arrival Level, Main Terminal, KLIA. Tel:603 8787 4087 Special Panorama Buses Red liners Hop on Hop off red double Decker air conditioned buses where you pay Ringgit Malaysia 5 and you are allowed to stop and alight at 13 interesting places in town. The route covers most of the historic sites in the city. Tickets are available at Melaka Central bus station. ______________________________74_

Blue line bus operates around town and outskirts. You can hop on and hop off as well, but buses are non air conditioned and the fare is only Ringgit Malaysia 2. Tickets are available at Melaka Central bus station as well. Trains There is no direct train service to Malacca, but there is a station in Tampin, about 15 miles away. There are however, connecting taxi services from and to the train stations. You may ask your hotel to arrange for the trip. Police HQ: 606 282 2222 Police (tourism): 606 270 3238 General Hospital: 606 282 2344 Putra Hospital Pantai Specialist Hospital, Lebuh Ayeh Keroh, Melaka. Tel No. : 606-2319 999 Fax No.: 606-2313 299 E-mail: hpak@po.jaring.my www.pantai.com.my Mahkota Medical Centre, 3, Mahkota Melaka, Jln Merdeka, 75000, Melaka. Tel:606 258 2999 Fax:606 281 0560 Fire Brigade: 999 Immigration Office: 06 282 4958 Post Office: 06 283 3844 Telephone enquiry: 103 _____________________________75_

Entry Requirements: * Visitors are required to have a valid travel documents with a minimum validity of 6 months beyond intended stay. Visa Requirements: Commonwealth citizens do not need a visa for entry with exceptions. Nationals of ASEAN countries do not need a visa for social and business stay not exceeding a month. Customs Duty free items include: Cameras, video equipments, radios, HiFi sets, watches, pens and perfumed cosmetics. Visitors on bringing in dutiable items must pay a deposit which will be refunded upon exit. Airport tax There is a departure tax of Malaysian Ringgit 4 and 40 for both domestic and international flights. Warnings Drug trafficking in the country is prohibited and you can be sentenced to death if found guilty!! Medicines for personal consumptions should be accompanied with a certified medical endorsement. _____________________________76_

Office working hours For Government offices: From 8 am to 4.15 pm Monday to Friday with an hour of lunch break at 1 pm for states of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, Negri Sembilan, Malacca, Johor, Perak, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak States of Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Pahang and Trengganu works from Saturday to Thursday. Private sectors: Normally works from 9am to 6 pm Monday to Friday. Saturdays may be a half-working day for some. Bank’s working hour from 9.30am to 3.30 pm. Monday to Fridays. ATM and cash dispensers are open twenty four hours. Some banks in tourist districts will open for half a day on weekends as well. Departmental stores are opened from 10am to 10pm everyday, including public holidays.

Post offices work from 8.30 am to 4.30pm Monday to Saturday, with the first Saturday of the month being a non working day. Parcel services are available to most countries at reasonable prices. Telephone and Internet Talikoms Malaysia is the only land line telephone service provider. There are _____________________________77_

four operational wireless service providers with GSM, GPRS, EDGE, 3G and HSDPA services. Phone service providers operate in the 900, 1800, 1900 and UMTS wavebands. Visitors can buy local SIM cards for their cell phones at a very reasonable rate. These prepaid SIMs however need a simple process of registration and is readily available at most cell phone shops. Activations can be effected within half a day in most cases. Land line internet service is provided by Talikom Malaysia. WiFi is available at most shopping malls. Some are free, whilst others are paid. You can buy a prepaid card for WiFi at most shopping outlets. Most hotels have internet services available either free or for rent. Some have WiFi at their coffee houses for free. The Malacca state government has started installing low cost WiFi access points. By 2009, at least 75% of urban areas will be able to enjoy this service Low rate daily prepaid cards will be available soon. WiMax will be available by third quarter of 2009. Low broadband data post paid accounts for cell phones are also available at the offices of the four cell phone service providers. Rates start at Malaysian Ringgit 66(about USD 20) for a months service. Daily data plans are also available. Besides using your cell phone to connect to the internet, there are also many internet cafes available where you _____________________________78_

can access the net. Charges range from USD 2 per hour basis to USD 3. However these places are a bit smoky as there are often patronized by young smokers. All said, visitors will be able to stay connected at a very affordable rate. It is advisable that they don’t use their roaming rates as it is very expensive. Facts on Malaysia My Second Home The Malaysian Government welcomes foreign nationals (except citizens of Israel, Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro) to stay in Malaysia on a long term Social Visit Pass under the “MALAYSIA – MY SECOND HOME” programe. The duration of stay is for a period of 10 years with a Multiple Entry Visa. This programme allows foreigners to purchase up to two units of residential premises costing more than RM150, 000.00 (approximately US$42,000) each. However, it does not entitle participants of the programme to permanent resident status. * Malaysia Visa, Pass and Permit Division Level 3, Block 2G4 (Podium) Precinct 2 Federal Government Administration Centre 62550 Putrajaya Federal Territory , Malaysia. * All Malaysian Tourism Offices * Immigration Department of Malaysia website: www.mm2h.gov.my

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Malacca Town Map

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Acknowledgement

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Please enquire about our concierge services at our email malacca@aircoast.com if you need any assistance what so ever. Have a good and memorable trip. Thanks. ____________________81___