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1. Culture values + material artifacts + political institutions 2. A single attribute of a culture 3.

. Material tangible, physical items produced and used by members of a specific culture group and reflective of their traditions, lifestyles and technologies. Non material ideas, knowledge and beliefs that influence people's behavior 4. Cultural ecology an area of inquiry concened with culture as a system of adaptation to environment. 5. Culture hearth place of origin of a culture 6. Cultural complex group of traits that defines a particular culture 7. Cultural realm A collective of culture regions sharing related culture systems; a major world area having sufficient distinctiveness to be perceived as a set apart from other realms in terms of cultural characteristics and complexes. 8. Relocation diffusion sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate the new ones 9. Contagious diffusion the distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person. 10. Hierarchical diffusion The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places. 11. Cultural assimilation Process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant culture 12. Acculturation Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage; minority still intact 13. Syncretism combining two seperate beliefs in to a cohesive practice 14. Custom the frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act. 15. Habit A repetitive act performed by a particular individual. 16. Taboo - restriction on behavior imposed by social custom. 17. Orally 18. Fear loss of traditional values, rising income can fuel demand for possessions typical of pop culture 19. ? 20. It is derived from local natural elements and may be more sensitive to protection and enhancement of environment 21. Shows different types of grapes and climates wine cultivated in 22. Found in large heterogeneous societies that share certain habits despite differences in personal characteristics 23. Upper south, belt from western Virginia to western texas: southern Appalachia, central Tennessee and Kentucky, Ozarka and Ouachita uplands of w. Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma, north-central tx 24. ? 25. Tell a story or convey info about daily activities like farming, life-cycle events (birth, death, marriage), or mysterious events like earthquakes and storms

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Have anonymous hearths, at unknown dates, and unknown originators ? Argue that reflect western views and do not provide balanced, accurate view of other countries ? NA, Europe, NZ, Japan Moderately cold, rainy winters and fairly long hot summers Southeast and Utah Cultural values/religion Of western pop culture Job occupations, income Less muslims, pigs unsuited for dry lands of arab peninsula would compete w/ humans for food and water Introduced contemporary culture landscape (called regional studies approach); the most tenacious connections that tie people to certain environment is food supply An approach made by Humboldt and Ritter, 19th century geographers, which concentrated on how the physical environment caused social development, applying laws from the natural sciences to understanding relationships between the physical environment and human actions The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives Muslims Cultural heritage current fashion, functional needs, impact on environment New England ?, Middle atlantic I-shaped, Lower Chesapeake/Tidewater one story Vary more in time than in place Preference, produced, grown, imported locally? Greater womens rights but also greater prostitution rates Designed so that both local residents and visitors immediately recognize the purpose of the building North-central (Kansas to north Dakota), northeastern from Great lakes, wisconson to upstate new York)

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