}
(for a
2
x
2
>0)
x ln dx x
x
dx
1
= =
} }
( )
2 2
2 2
dx
ln x x
x
a
a
= +
}
( )
dx 1
ln x
x
a b
a b b
= +
+
}
2 2
2 2
xdx
x
x
a
a
=
}
( )
xdx x
ln x
x
2
a
a b
a b b b
= +
+
}
2 2
2 2
xdx
x
x
a
a
=
}
( )
dx 1 x
ln
x x x
a
a a
+
=
+
}
2 2 2 2 2
1 x
x dx x x arcsin
2
a a a
a
 
= +

\ .
}
( )
( ) b a b
b a
+
=
+
}
x
1
x
dx
2
( )
3 2
2 2 2 2
1
x x dx x
3
a a =
}
2 2
dx 1 x
arctan
x a a a
=
+
}
( )
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1
x dx x x ln x x
2
a a a a
 
= +

\ .
}
2 2
dx 1 x
ln
2  x x
a
a a a
+
=
}
(for a
2
x
2
>0)
( )
3 2
2 2 2 2
1
x x dx x
3
a a =
}
2 2
dx 1 x
ln
2 x x
a
a a a
=
+
}
(for a
2
x
2
<0)
x x
1
e dx e
a a
a
=
}
( )
2 2
2 2
xdx 1
ln x
2 x
a
a
=
}
( ) ln xdx xln x x a a =
}
( )
x
x
e
xe dx x 1
a
a
2
a
a
=
}
( )
2 x sin2 x
cos x dx
2 4
a
a
a
= +
}
( )
x
x
dx x 1
dx ln e
e
c
c
a b
a ac a b
= +
+
}
2
dx 1
cot x
sin x
a
a
a
=
}
1
sin xdx cos x a a
a
=
}
2
dx 1
tan x
cos x
a
a
a
=
}
1
cos xdx sin x a a
a
=
}
( ) ( )
2 1
tan x dx tan x x a a
a
=
}
( ) ( )
1 1
tan xdx ln cos x ln sec x a a a
a a
= =
}
( ) ( )
2 1
cot x dx cot x x a a
a
=
}
( )
1
cot xdx ln sin x a a
a
=
}
2 2
1 x
arcsin xdx xarcsin x
a
a a
a
= +
}
( )
1 1 x
sec xdx ln sec x tan x ln tan
2 4
a
a a a
a a
  t  
= + = +
 
\ .
\ .
}
2 2
1 x
arccos xdx xarccos x
a
a a
a
=
}
( )
1 1 x
csc xdx ln csc x cot x ln tan
2
a
a a a
a a
 
= =

\ .
}
( )
3 2
2 2 2
2 2
dx x
x
x
a a
a
=
+
+
}
( )
2 x sin2 x
sin x dx
2 4
a
a
a
=
}
( )
3 2
2 2
2 2
xdx 1
x
x
a
a
=
+
+
}
 1 
a) Electric charge and spin affect electromagnetic interaction.
b) The electric field vector at a certain
position r
is a vector ( ) r E
V at position r
\

= u =
c) From Coulombs law, the electrostatic force exerted on the right
hand side particle depends on the charge of the particles and their
relative location. For the xcomponent of the force
( )
2
2
el
sin L 2
q
k F
u
=
Solving for the charge
nC 44
C
Nm
10 9
N 10 6 . 2
5 sin m 15 . 0 2
k
F
sin L 2 q
2
2
9
2
el
~
= u =
It is not possible to determine the sign of the charge. As long as the
charges of the spheres are like they will repel each other.
u u
u
L
L
x
y
T
W
F
el
(0.4)
(0.5)
(0.3)
 3 
a) The magnitude of the electric field is
given in the problem
C
kN
10 E =
Consistently with indicated coordinate
system, from the definition of the electric
field vector the force exerted on the electron
is
i i i E F
N 10 6 . 1
C
N
10 1 C 10 6 . 1
eE e
15 4 19
= = = =
b) Both electric potential and electric field vector describe electric field.
They are therefore related. If the electric field is known in certain region
(along a line between two points) the potential difference between these
two points is opposite the linear integral of the electric field along this
line. For simplicity we can consider a straight line from the initial to the
final location of the electron
kV 1 m 1 . 0
C
N
10 1 EL dx ) E ( V V V
4
L
0 line
= = = = = =
} } +
ds E
c) From the definition of potential and potential energy, the electrostatic
work performed on the electron is related to the potential difference
between the two plates
( ) ( ) eV V V e U W
el el
= = A = A
+
Assuming (reasonable) that the contribution of other interactions is
insignificant, the final speed can be determined from the workenergy
theorem and the definition of kinetic energy of a particle
s
m
10 8 . 1
kg 10 11 . 9
V 1000 C 10 6 . 1 2
m
eV 2
m
K 2
m
K 2
v
7
31
19
~
= =
A
= =
+
x
y
E
F
V

V
+
(0.3)
(0.3)
(0.3)
(0.3)
 4 
a) The linear charge density () of this
object is related to the charge (dq) of the
differential fragment of the object and the size
of this piece (length dl). For uniformly
charged bodies the ratio of differentials can be
replaced by the total values of both quantities.
L
Q
dl
dq
= =
b) In order to find the electric potential at a
certain location we must add electric potential due to all "point
charges" in the body. A contribution dV to the electric potential (with
the reference point at infinity), due to a differential fragment dl is
 =
= = d
L
kQ
dl
r
k
r
dq
k dV
Finding the total potential requires integration in limits from 0 to t.
L
kQ
d
L
kQ
dV V
0 body
t
=  = =
} }
t
c) In order to find the electric field we must add (vectorially) electric
fields created by all "point charges" in the body. A contribution E d to
the electric field, due to a differential fragment dl, can be found from
Coulomb's law.
        
t
=  
=   = d cos , sin
L
kQ
cos , sin
r
dl k
cos , sin
r
kdq
2 2 2
E d
Hence the electric field produced by the entire body is
    0 , 1
L
kQ 2
d cos , d sin
L
kQ
d cos , sin
L
kQ
2
0 0
2
0
2
object
t
=
(
   
t
=   
t
= =
} } } }
t t t
E d E
x
y
O
dE
dV

r
dl
(0.3)
(0.3)
(0.3)
(0.3)
 1 
 2 
u u
 3 
 4 
x
y
O