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ENERGY STATISTICS

2000 2009

SECTION ONE: ENERGY SUPPLY


1.1 PETROLEUM SUPPLY
Table 1.1.1:

Total Crude Oil Import (kilotonnes)

Year

For Refinery

For Electricity Generation

Total

2000

1,131.8

153.1

1,284.9

2001

1,262.9

275.9

1,538.8

2002

1,179.4

601.6

1,781.0

2003

1,406.2

527.6

1,933.8

2004

1,813.5

163.4

1,976.9

2005

1,645.5

322.0

1,967.5

2006

962.2

750.6

1,712.8

2007

1,242.5

811.2

2,053.8

2008

1,396.7

579.1

1,975.8

2009

441.4

539.8

981.3

Source: Tema Oil Refinery and Volta River Authority

Table 1.1.2:
Year

Total Crude Oil Import (%)


For Refinery

For Electricity Generation

Total

2000
2001
2002
2003

88.1
82.1
66.2
72.7

11.9
17.9
33.8
27.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004
2005
2006
2007

91.7
83.6
56.2
60.5

8.3
16.4
43.8
39.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2008
2009

70.7
44.9

29.3
55.1

100.0
100.0

Table 1.1.3:

Refinery Petroleum Production (kilotonnes)

Year
2000

LPG
9.7

Gasoline
238.6

Kerosene
51.8

ATK
108.3

Gas Oil
358.1

RFO
261.9

Total
1,028.4

2001

7.0

286.3

98.1

64.0

353.5

261.1

1,069.9

2002

24.4

346.2

61.1

81.6

446.5

195.7

1,155.4

2003

52.6

433.8

109.6

85.6

506.6

163.5

1,351.8

2004

65.5

553.1

111.1

106.9

568.4

199.1

1,604.0

2005

78.3

567.1

87.7

111.0

406.3

206.4

1,456.8

2006

35.8

294.4

65.1

46.2

294.2

155.5

891.3

2007

67.3

493.0

122.0

65.8

398.2

48.7

1,194.9

2008

54.6

391.2

168.6

21.3

360.5

225.4

1,221.5

2009

14.9

100.1

56.3

9.7

110.1

70.1

361.2

Source: Tema Oil Refinery

Table 1.1.4:

Share in Refinery Petroleum Production (%)

Year
2000

LPG
1.0

Gasoline
24.0

Kerosene
5.1

ATK
10.7

Gas Oil
34.9

RFO
24.3

Total
100.0

2001

0.7

27.6

9.3

6.1

33.1

23.3

100.0

2002

2.2

30.8

5.3

7.1

38.5

16.1

100.0

2003

4.1

32.8

8.1

6.4

37.2

11.4

100.0

2004

4.3

35.2

6.9

6.7

35.2

11.7

100.0

2005

5.6

39.7

6.0

7.6

27.6

13.4

100.0

2006

4.2

33.8

7.3

5.2

32.8

16.5

100.0

2007

5.9

41.8

10.2

5.5

32.8

3.8

100.0

2008

4.7

32.8

13.9

1.7

29.4

17.5

100.0

2009

4.3

28.4

15.7

2.7

30.4

18.4

100.0

Table 1.1.5:

Petroleum Product Import (kilotonnes)

Year

LPG

Gasoline

Kerosene

Gas Oil

RFO

Total

2000

35.4

387.0

30.4

363.2

0.3

816.3

2001

35.6

389.4

21.5

354.3

0.1

800.9

2002

32.0

370.8

48.8

298.0

0.1

749.7

2003

16.7

232.1

34.6

285.7

0.0

569.0

2004

11.0

255.4

0.0

313.1

0.0

579.5

2005

7.1

167.5

0.0

403.7

0.0

578.3

2006

67.8

360.5

99.9

780.0

0.0

1,308.1

2007

47.2

274.9

66.7

806.9

0.0

1,195.7

2008

67.8

254.5

136.4

579.0

0.0

1,037.7

2009

150.6

563.4

77.7

969.5

0.0

1,761.3

Source: Tema Oil Refinery & National Petroleum Authority

Table 1.1.6:

Share in Petroleum Product Import (%)

Year

LPG

Gasoline

Kerosene

Gas Oil

RFO

Total

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

4.5
4.6
4.4
3.1
2.0
1.3
5.4
4.1
6.8
8.9

48.0
49.2
50.0
41.4
44.7
29.5
28.0
23.4
24.9
32.4

3.7
2.7
6.5
6.0
0.0
0.0
7.6
5.6
13.1
4.4

43.8
43.5
39.1
49.5
53.3
69.2
58.9
66.8
55.1
54.2

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1.2 ELECTRICITY SUPPLY

Table 1.2.1:

Total Installed Capacity (MW)

Year

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Installed Capacity

1,652

1,551

1,574

1,582

1,730

1,730

1,730

1,935

1,981

1,970

KRPP
-

MRPP
-

Total
613

Source: Volta River Authority

Table 1.2.2:

Electricity Generated by Plant (GWh)

2000

AKOS
5,557

Hydro
KPO
1,052

Total
6,610

TAPCO
345

TICO
268

TT1
-

2001

5,524

1,085

6,609

740

510

1,251

7,859

2002

4,178

858

5,036

874

1,363

2,237

7,273

2003

3,210

675

3,885

1,328

668

1,997

5,882

2004

4,404

876

5,281

536

222

758

6,039

2005

4,718

911

5,629

831

328

1,159

6,788

2006

4,690

929

5,619

1,416

1,395

2,810

8,429

2007

3,104

623

3,727

1,521

1,417

162

80

33

38

3,251

6,978

2008

5,254

941

6,196

874

1,063

85

45

16

46

2,128

8,323

2009

5,842

1,035

6,877

453

1,040

570

18

2,081

8,958

Plant

Thermal
TRPP ERPP
-

Total
7,223

Source: Volta River Authority & Ghana Grid Company

Table 1.2.3:

Share in Electricity Generation by Plant (%)

2000

AKOS
77

Hydro
KPO
15

Total
92

TAPCO
5

TICO
4

TT1
-

2001

70

14

84

2002

57

12

69

12

19

2003

55

11

66

23

11

2004

73

15

87

2005

70

13

83

2006

56

11

2007

44

2008
2009

Year

Thermal
TRPP ERPP
-

Total

KRPP
-

MRPP
-

Total
8

16

100

31

100

34

100

13

100

12

17

100

67

17

17

33

100

53

22

20

47

100

63

11

74

11

13

26

100

65

12

77

12

23

100

Note:

AKOS = Akosombo Hydro Power Plant;


TAPCO = Takoradi Thermal Power Plant;
TT1 = Tema Thermal 1 Plant;
ERPP = Emengency Reserve Power Plant;
MRPP = Mines Reserve Power Plant

100

KPO = Kpone Hydro Power Plant;


TICO = Aboadze Tico Thermal Power Plant;
TRPP = Tema Reserve Power Plant;
KRPP = Kumasi Reserve Power Plant;

Table 1.2.4:

Electricity Import and Export (GWh)


Year
2000

Import
864

Export
392

2001

462

302

2002

1146

612

2003

940

604

2004

878

665

2005

815

639

2006

629

754

2007

435

246

2008

275

538

2009

198

752

Source: Volta River Authority & Ghana Grid Company

Table 1.2.5:

Grid Electricity Available for Domestic Sales (GWh)


Electricity Generated (GWh)

Year

Generation
&
Substation
Use (GWh)

Transmission
Losses
(GWh)

Export
(GWh)

Available
for
Domestic
Sale (GWh)

Hydro

Thermal

Import

Total

2000

6,610

613

864

8,087

23

229

392

7,835

2001

6,608

1,251

462

8,321

32

259

302

8,030

2002

5,036

2,260

1,146

8,442

45

368

612

8,029

2003

3,885

2,015

940

6,840

45

333

604

6,462

2004

5,281

758

878

6,917

31

205

665

6,681

2005

5,629

1,159

815

7,603

42

249

639

7,312

2006

5,619

2,810

629

9,058

51

318

754

8,689

2007

3,727

3,251

435

7,413

47

230

246

7,136

2008

6,196

2,128

275

8,599

51

303

538

8,245

2009

6,877

2,081

198

9,155

25

339

752

8,791

Source: Volta River Authority & Ghana Grid Company

Table 1.2.6:

Share of Grid Electricity Generation (%)

Year
2000

Hydro
81.7

Thermal
7.6

Import
10.7

Total
100

2001

79.4

15.0

5.6

100

2002

59.7

26.8

13.6

100

2003

56.8

29.5

13.7

100

2004

76.3

11.0

12.7

100

2005

74.0

15.2

10.7

100

2006

62.0

31.0

6.9

100

2007

50.3

43.9

5.9

100

2008

72.1

24.7

3.2

100

2009

75.1

22.7

2.2

100

Table 1.2.7:

Electricity Sales to ECG (GWh)

Year

Total Purchase

Total Sales

Losses*

Percentage Losses

2000

3,989

2,910

1,079

27.0

2001

4,175

3,080

1,095

26.2

2002

4,326

3,200

1,126

26.0

2003

4,496

3,343

1,153

25.6

2004

4,818

3,542

1,276

26.5

2005

5,045

3,762

1,283

25.4

2006

5,253

3,978

1,275

24.3

2007

5,146

3,906

1,240

24.1

2008

5,799

4,335

1,464

25.2

2009

6,052

4,442

1,612

26.6

Commercial & Technical

Source: Ghana Grid Company & Electricity Company of Ghana

Table 1.2.8: Electricity Sales to NED (GWh)

Year

Total Purchase

Total Sales

Losses*

Percentage Losses

2000

330

232

98

29.7

2001

355

250

105

29.6

2002

383

265

118

30.8

2003

426

283

143

33.6

2004

473

323

150

31.7

2005

501

365

136

27.1

2006

507

256

251

49.5

2007

494

365

129

26.1

2008

529

392

137

25.9

2009

566

404

162

28.6

Commercial & Technical

Source: Ghana Grid Company & Northern Electricity Department

1.3 WOODFUEL SUPPLY

Table 1.3.1:

Primary Woodfuel Supply (kilotonnes)

Year

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Woodfuel Supply

18,000

18,000

19,000

19,000

20,000

20,000

20,000

20,000

20,000

20,000

2005 onwards are purely projections

Source: Energy Commission

Table 1.3.2:

Woodfuel Supply for Firewood & Charcoal Production (kilotonnes)

Year

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

For Firewood

7,100

8,000

8,300

8,600

8,700

8,800

8,900

9,000

9,100

9,200

For Charcoal

6,250

6,500

6,750

7,000

7,150

7,300

7,700

8,000

8,500

8,700

Total

13,350

14,500

15,050

15,600

15,850

16,200

16,600

17,000

17,600

17,900

2005 onwards are purely projections

Table 1.3.3:
Year

Firewood and Charcoal Supply (kilotonnes)


2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Firewood

7,100

8,000

8,300

8,600

8,700

8,800

8,900

9,000

9,100

9,200

1,563

1,625

1,688

1,750

1,788

1,825

1,925

2,000

2,125

2,175

Charcoal

2005 onwards are purely projections

Source: Energy Commission

Table 1.3.4:

Charcoal Export

Energy Type
2000

Charcoal (kilotonnes)
3.0

Growth Rate (%)


-

2001

2.8

-7.6

2002

3.5

24.7

2003

4.6

33.1

2004

4.6

0.8

2005

5.7

22.1

2006

2.9

-48.3

2007

3.6

23.8

2008

2.9

-18.7

2009

3.6

23.7

Source: Ghana Statistical Service

SECTION TWO:
2.1

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION

Table 2.1.1:

ECG Customers, Sales and Consumption

Group

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Number of Customers
Residential

669,479

732,326

791,833

890,170

998,250

1,082,787

1,158,641

1,257,024

1,403,232

1,586,182

Non Residential

147,078

160,754

177,014

202,471

226,681

237,878

254,336

281,008

319,168

360,188

Low Voltage (11kV)

626

655

672

693

708

737

787

801

880

935

Medium Voltage (11-33kV)

124

127

137

142

153

173

179

200

223

237

High Voltage (>33kV)

18

18

18

18

18

20

21

23

23

26

Unit Sold (GWh)


Residential

1,319

1,421

1,472

1,514

1,599

1,715

1,889

1,854

2,024

2,172

Non Residential

488

525

544

560

591

593

699

700

811

751

Low Voltage (11kV)

290

285

296

305

311

492

322

303

306

333

Medium Voltage (11-33kV)

435

409

432

483

541

584

602

625

719

721

High Voltage (>33kV)

379

439

457

480

499

328

466

424

476

464

Average Consumption per Customer (kWh)


Residential

1,970

1,940

1,859

1,701

1,602

1,583

1,631

1,475

1,442

1,370

Non Residential

3,318

3,266

3,073

2,766

2,607

2,492

2,748

2,492

2,539

2,084

463,259

435,115

440,476

440,115

439,266

667,626

409,085

378,015

348,057

356,203

Medium Voltage (11-33kV)

3,508,065

3,220,472

3,153,285

3,401,408

3,535,948

3,374,220

3,362,011

3,124,250

3,222,511

3,044,093

High Voltage (>33kV)

21,055,556

24,388,889

25,388,889

26,666,667

27,722,222

16,392,000

22,206,667

18,417,826

20,706,087

17,849,231

Low Voltage (11kV)

Source: Electricity Company of Ghana & Own calculation

Table 2.1.2:

NED Customer, Sales and Consumption

Group

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Number of Customers
Residential

97,147

108,817

118,049

129,365

141,573

170,543

192,665

206,665

231,175

254,390

Non Residential

18,099

20,122

21,606

23,049

32,550

32,181

37,433

41,601

47,266

53,446

Low Voltage (11kV)

21

20

21

20

16

24

21

21

24

26

Medium Voltage (11-33kV)

High Voltage (>33kV)

Unit Sold (GWh)


Residential

150

166

172

181

142

171

215

215

218

220

Non Residential

48

54

58

60

70

103

90

101

115

132

Low Voltage (11kV)

15

14

11

13

22

19

22

23

23

16

Medium Voltage (11-33kV)

10

21

High Voltage (>33kV)

16

14

22

27

28

29

28

24

25

16

Average Consumption per Customer (kWh)


Residential

1,544

1,525

1,457

1,399

1,003

1,003

1,116

1,040

943

865

Non Residential

2,652

2,684

2,684

2,603

2,151

3,201

2,404

2,428

2,433

2,470

714,286

684,000

540,952

667,500

1,370,625

807,917

1,027,143

1,108,095

977,083

613,329

Medium Voltage (11-33kV)

1,000,000

753,333

1,125,000

1,240,000

1,535,000

1,960,000

1,800,000

792,500

9,700,000

4,107,276

High Voltage (>33kV)

4,000,000

2,800,000

4,354,000

5,328,000

5,502,000

3,230,000

3,952,857

3,916,667

4,180,000

4,010,919

Low Voltage (11kV)

Source: Northern Electricity Department & Own calculation

10

Table 2.1.3:

Electricity Consumption by Sector (GWh)

Sector

Industrial

Non Residential

Residential

Total

2000

4,306

536

1,494

6,336

2001

4,335

579

1,612

6,526

2002

3,900

602

1,671

6,173

2003

2,205

620

1,727

4,552

2004

2,085

661

1,782

4,528

2005

2,543

698

1,915

5,156

2006

3,593

791

2,129

6,513

2007

2,697

803

2,095

5,594

2008

2,966

928

2,269

6,163

2009

2,943

878

2,408

6,229

*Does not include commercial & technical losses

Source: VRA, GRIDCo, ECG, NED

Table 2.1.4: Share of Electricity Consumption by Sector (%)


Sector

Industrial

Non Residential

Residential

Total

2000

68

24

100

2001

66

25

100

2002

63

10

27

100

2003

48

14

38

100

2004

46

15

39

100

2005

49

14

37

100

2006

55

12

33

100

2007

48

14

37

100

2008

48

15

37

100

2009

47

14

39

100

11

SECTION THREE: ENERGY PRICES


3.1

ELECTRICITY PRICES

Table 3.1.1:
Year

Average Electricity End-User tariff (Ghp/kWh)


2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

BST
DSC

1.94
1.96

3.59
2.64

4.27
2.92

4.25
3.15

4.25
3.15

4.94
4.5

6.92
5.85

6.92
5.85

6.92
5.85

EUT

3.9

6.23

7.19

7.4

7.4

9.44

12.77

12.77

12.77

Source: Public Utility Regulatory Commission

Figure 3.1:

Trend in Average Electricity End User Tariff

14
12

Ghp/kWh

10
8
BST

DSC
EUT

4
2
0
2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Year

12

3.2

PETROLEUM PRICES

Table 3.2.1: Average Petroleum Prices (Ghc/Litre except LPG which is Ghc/kg)
Year

Gasoline

Kerosene

Gas Oil

RFO

LPG

2000

0.14

0.13

0.13

0.10

0.18

2001

0.22

0.19

0.19

0.13

0.22

2002

0.23

0.20

0.20

0.14

0.22

2003

0.44

0.38

0.38

0.19

0.37

2004

0.44

0.39

0.39

0.19

0.38

2005

0.65

0.50

0.58

0.27

0.52

2006

0.82

0.84

1.00

0.52

0.89

2007

0.89

0.73

0.88

0.49

0.77

2008

1.12

1.10

1.16

0.95

1.32

2009

1.00

0.79

1.02

0.56

0.76

Source: National Petroleum Authority

Figure 3.2:

Trend in Petroleum Prices

1.40
1.20

GhC

1.00
Gasoline

0.80

Kerosene

0.60

Gas Oil

0.40

RFO

0.20

LPG

0.00
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Year

13

3.3

CRUDE OIL PRICES

Table 3.3.1: Monthly Average Crude Oil Prices (US$/barrel)


Month
January

2005
44.88

2006
63.86

2007
54.56

2008
91.92

2009
45.62

February

45.85

61.10

58.96

94.49

43.73

March

53.28

63.06

62.36

103.00

47.32

April

53.22

70.56

67.49

110.43

51.23

May

49.85

71.00

67.92

124.61

58.57

June

55.60

69.74

70.60

133.47

69.34

July

57.93

74.24

75.84

134.79

65.76

August

63.84

73.87

71.17

115.22

73.07

September

63.72

63.49

77.00

100.75

68.19

October

59.44

60.13

82.47

73.60

73.87

November

56.21

60.00

92.06

55.05

77.50

December

57.61

62.54

91.51

43.29

75.24

Source: Bank of Ghana

Figure 3.3:

Trend in Crude Oil Prices

160

120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan-05
Mar-05
May-05
Jul-05
Sep-05
Nov-05
Jan-06
Mar-06
May-06
Jul-06
Sep-06
Nov-06
Jan-07
Mar-07
May-07
Jul-07
Sep-07
Nov-07
Jan-08
Mar-08
May-08
Jul-08
Sep-08
Nov-08
Jan-09
Mar-09
May-09
Jul-09
Sep-09
Nov-09

Crude Oil Price (US$/barrel)

140

Month

14

3.4

MERCHANDISE IMPORT

Table 3.4.1: Merchandise Import (in Millions of US$)


Non-Oil
Oil
Merchandise Imports (f.o.b.)

2000
2,246.50

2001
2,451.75

2002
2,197.00

2003
2,669.90

2004
3,363.50

2005
4,213.56

2006
5,107.53

2007
5,968.31

2008*
7,899.30

2009*
6,551.19

520.10

516.76

508.38

562.96

1,208.86

1,065.73

1,416.06

2,105.27

1,835.04

1,428.37

2,766.60

2,968.51

2,705.38

3,232.86

4,572.36

5,279.28

6,523.59

8,073.58

9,734.34

7,979.56

Provisional
Source: Bank of Ghana

Table 3.4.2: Shares in Merchandise Import (%)


2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008*

2009*

Non-Oil

81.20

82.59

81.21

82.59

73.56

79.81

78.29

73.92

81.15

82.10

Oil

18.80

17.41

18.79

17.41

26.44

20.19

21.71

26.08

18.85

17.90

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

Merchandise Imports (f.o.b.)


*

Provisional

15

16