13 views

Uploaded by Santo Gultom

Van der waals

- CC GasLawsStudent
- Phase Equilibria and Fluid Properties in the Chemical Industry Estimation and Correlation
- Jacobs1968 - On the EOS of Compressed Liguids and Solids.pdf
- Le Luo and J.E. Thomas- Thermodynamic Measurements in a Strongly Interacting Fermi Gas
- [the Berkeley Review] the Berkeley Review MCAT Gen
- ThermoHidroK3 New
- THERMO IDEAL GAS.pptx
- EE40_Spring08_Lecture33
- 11 DP Physics_Topic 3 Thermal Physics Program
- SM_exam
- Phase Tester Vx
- ch5pvt
- Van Der Waals Equation
- Ch#3 ,R#3 1st year, 18-01-2016
- 2013 the gas laws
- Thermodynamics I : Energy Analysis of Closed Systems
- Acid Gas Enrichment
- Low Pressure High Voltage Conduct Electrity
- 9
- Physics 1920

You are on page 1of 16

van der Waals equation Not all gasses act ideally. This is especially true when one approaches the conditions for the gas to condense.

van der Waals equation One of the most widely known equations for deviation from ideality is the van der Waals equation. The following is a explanation.

van der Waals equation The ideal gas equation is modified. Starting with:

PV = nRT

van der Waals equation The ideal gas equation is modified. The volume term is modified to account for the volume of the molecules: P(V - nb) = nRT where b is the volume of the molecules per mole.

van der Waals equation The ideal gas equation is modified. The attractions between the molecule are propoertional to the square of the number of molecules. So the pressure correction is: (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT where n/V is the molar concentration.

van der Waals equation This gives the van der Waals equation for a gas: (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT This is used to calculate some common gasses:

van der Waals equation This gives the van der Waals equation for a gas: (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT This is used to calculate some common gasses:

acetone and ethyl alcohol at 500 K

moles in 1 L volume

van der Waals equation This gives the van der Waals equation for a gas: (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT This is used to calculate some common gasses:

acetone and ethyl alcohol at 500 K

acetone: a = 13.91 atm L2 mol-2 b = 0.0994 L mol-1 ethyl alcohol: a = 12.02 atm L2 mol-2 b = 0.0841 L mol-1

moles in 1 L volume

van der Waals equation (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT Example: Compare the van der Waals calculation of the pressure of 3.00 mol of ethyl alcohol in 2.00 L with the ideal gas calculation at 500 K.

van der Waals equation (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT Example: Compare the van der Waals calculation of the pressure of 3.00 mol of ethyl alcohol in 2.00 L with the ideal gas calculation at 500 K. From the data on the previous slide:

a = 12.02 atm L2 mol-2 b = 0.0841 L mol-1

[P + (3.00)2(12.02)/(2.00)2][2.00 -(3.00)(0.0841)] = (3.00)(0.08206)(500)

van der Waals equation (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT Example: Compare the van der Waals calculation of the pressure of 3.00 mol of ethyl alcohol in 2.00 L with the ideal gas calculation at 500 K. From the data on the previous slide:

a = 12.02 atm L2 mol-2 b = 0.0841 L mol-1

Solving for P: P = 43.4 atm from the van der Waals equation

van der Waals equation (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT Example: Compare the van der Waals calculation of the pressure of 3.00 mol of ethyl alcohol in 2.00 L with the ideal gas calculation at 500 K. P = 43.4 atm from the van der Waals equation For the ideal gas calculation:

P(2.00 L) = (3.00 mol)(0.08206 L atm K-1 mol-1)(500 K)

van der Waals equation (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT Example: Compare the van der Waals calculation of the pressure of 3.00 mol ethyl alcohol in 2.00 L with the ideal gas calculation at 500 K. P = 43.4 atm from the van der Waals equation Solving for P: P = 61.5 atm for the ideal gas equation.

van der Waals equation (P + n2a/V2)(V - nb) = nRT Example: Compare the van der Waals calculation of the pressure of 3.00 mol ethyl alcohol in 2.00 L with the ideal gas calculation at 500 K. P = 43.4 atm from the van der Waals equation P = 61.5 atm for the ideal gas equation. This difference can be seen from the graph below.

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

0.40

0.80

1.20

1.60

2.40

2.80

3.20

The End

Use the following keys to control the slideshow

control home - starts the show over right arrow () advances to the next slide left arrow () goes back to the previous slide

- CC GasLawsStudentUploaded byGopi Kupuchitty
- Phase Equilibria and Fluid Properties in the Chemical Industry Estimation and CorrelationUploaded byUmesh Kumar Sharma Ramamoorthi
- Jacobs1968 - On the EOS of Compressed Liguids and Solids.pdfUploaded bypaulocouceiro
- Le Luo and J.E. Thomas- Thermodynamic Measurements in a Strongly Interacting Fermi GasUploaded byLomewcx
- [the Berkeley Review] the Berkeley Review MCAT GenUploaded bySara El
- ThermoHidroK3 NewUploaded byChandra Dewi Rosalina
- THERMO IDEAL GAS.pptxUploaded byhillary
- EE40_Spring08_Lecture33Uploaded byPatrick Kwong
- 11 DP Physics_Topic 3 Thermal Physics ProgramUploaded bypixelhobo
- SM_examUploaded byneal_caffrey02
- Phase Tester VxUploaded bylaaliauto
- ch5pvtUploaded byIslam Zewain
- Van Der Waals EquationUploaded byIsabelle Thrace
- Ch#3 ,R#3 1st year, 18-01-2016Uploaded byQaisar Riaz
- 2013 the gas lawsUploaded byapi-293306937
- Thermodynamics I : Energy Analysis of Closed SystemsUploaded byManmit Singh
- Acid Gas EnrichmentUploaded bySaleh Daryabari
- Low Pressure High Voltage Conduct ElectrityUploaded byOptimus Prime
- 9Uploaded byEr Purushottam Pal
- Physics 1920Uploaded byStephen Armourae
- Estudio Cinetico y Matematico del carbon activadoUploaded byDaniel Solar
- Tri Gas Incubator CategoryUploaded bysaurabh_acmas
- 5124_s03_qp_3Uploaded bymstudy123456
- Gas MigrationUploaded byAli Aliiev
- Matter in Our SurroundingsUploaded bySudarshan S K
- Vacío_Chambers 1-6.pdfUploaded byCarlos Vertiz
- u8 topics kmt -18Uploaded byapi-368121935
- 08 Natural Gas Properties Analysis of Bangladesh a Case Study OfUploaded by1000amores
- Practice ExerciseUploaded byWilbert James Futalan
- parfait 4Uploaded bysouhir gritli

- BluetoothV3 ManualUploaded byWashington Quevedo
- berita acara seminar kbk UnpadUploaded bySanto Gultom
- Erick & Junindar - LightSwitch Learning by Doing.pdfUploaded byDanang Budi Prasetyo
- DASAR TEORI PROMODELUploaded bySanto Gultom
- Algoritma Qrs DetectionUploaded bySanto Gultom
- JENI Intro1 Bab01 Pengantar Pemrograman KomputerUploaded byRofiq
- Tips p Embu at an Root LocusUploaded bySanto Gultom
- Relativ It AsUploaded bySanto Gultom
- Intalasi ubuntu server 9.04Uploaded bysablahhh
- Analisa VektorUploaded bySanto Gultom
- Constructive AnatomyUploaded bygazorninplotz
- Constructive AnatomyUploaded bygazorninplotz
- Chain Abel TutorialUploaded bySanto Gultom
- After Cooler HUploaded bySanto Gultom
- Scilab TutorialUploaded byr.romais
- Komunikasi Serial RS-232Uploaded bySanto Gultom

- H.K. Moffatt- Dynamo TheoryUploaded byVortices3443
- Latihan soal IntegralUploaded byHendarwin Darwin
- Alexander Horned Sphere - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded bybmxengineering
- Tutorial 1Uploaded bysayedjavedalam
- The Covalent BondUploaded bychannajayamangala
- 5. Dr. ErjaeeUploaded byvsk
- Attitude Control of Satellites With Flexible Appendages_ a Structured H_ Control DesignUploaded bynab05
- Arciniega-Reddy -- 2006 -- Tensor-based finite element formulation for geometrically nonlinear analysis of shell structures.pdfUploaded byJorge Yarasca
- motion in 2dUploaded byapi-259436196
- Tut 1Uploaded byTygue Theron
- Matrix Singular Value DecompositionUploaded byHamed Nikbakht
- Poynting TheoremUploaded byNikki Jangir
- Newton-Euler Lagrange for RoboticsUploaded byLeonardo Augusto
- Real Gases.docUploaded byCesar Ian Caermare
- Curl & DivergenceUploaded byArnab Das
- Ee263 Ps1 SolUploaded byMorokot Angela
- Rt 2 Dps BatchUploaded byssjatav128
- Nuclear Rotations in the Rigid Rotor ModelUploaded byHussein Al Ghoul
- Paranormal Phenomena, Physics and Dirac EnergyUploaded byOdessa File
- QueUploaded bydeva1007
- QuTip python feature summaryUploaded byAlex
- 6- LQRUploaded byBogdan Manea
- Heat Diffusion Equation MITUploaded bycengizyurdal
- Es34 Dynamics Chapter1Uploaded byMac Bitoon
- CatuskotiUploaded byAsanka Amarasinghe
- Linear System Theory 2 e SolUploaded byShruti Mahadik
- Fermi SurfaceUploaded byImtiazAhmed
- Pauli Exclusion PrincipleUploaded byMahabub Hossain
- ECS518 (Review of Basic Solid Mech) - 1Uploaded byredz00
- PAPER401.pdfUploaded byRoshan Shetty