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Glossary (Science Vocabulary) Animal digestion




Passage of nutrients from the digestive system into the blood.



Ano Part of the digestive system where egestion takes place.


Bilis Green and bitter liquid substance produced by the liver of many vertebrates in order to help in the digestion of lipids.

Caecum Cecum

Intestino ciego Part of the large intestine which hosts a large number of bacteria which aid in the enzymatic breakdown of plant materials such as cellulose. Digestin qumica Process in which food is chemically transformed into nutrients by the action of enzymes.
Intracellular digesti n E!tracellular digesti n Internal digesti n E!ternal digesti n

Chemical digestion


Digestin Process in which food is transformed into nutrients which the body can absorb.

Intracellular digesti n E!tracellular digesti n Internal digesti n E!ternal digesti n

Digestive system

Aparato digestivo

Set of organs responsible for digestive process: ingestion, digestion, absorption and egestion.

Digestive tube

Tubo digestivo Tube which carries out the digestive process. It begins in the mouth, where food enters, and ends in the anus, where undigested food and waste products are e pelled.


Egestin Process in which undigested and waste products are transformed into faeces and e pelled from the digestive system.

Extracellular digestion

Disgestin extracelular

!igestion process which takes place inside the digestive tube "outside the cells#.

Mec"anical digesti n C"e#ical digesti n

External digestion

Digestin externa

Type of digestion which takes place outside the animal body.


Heces Solid or li$uid waste final products of the digestive process.

Gastrovascular cavity

Cavidad gastrovascular

%ag shaped digestive system with a single opening, used for both the ingestion of food and the elimination of indigestible matter.

Gastric juice

Jugo g strico &i$uid produced by the stomach which contains hydrochloric acid and enzymes to carry out the protein digestion.


Incisivo Front teeth used to cut and shear of food

Ingestion Feeding

Ingestin The intake of food into the body through the mouth.

Internal digestion

Digestin interna !igestion which takes place inside the body "into the digestive system#.

Intracellular digestion

Digestin intracelular

!igestion which takes place inside the cells thanks to the lysosome enzymes .

Large intestine

Intestino grueso Part of the intestine where undigested and waste products are transformed into faeces, and some water and mineral salts are absorbed.


Hgado !igestive organ which synthesizes bile, stores glycogen and eliminates to ic substances.

echanical digestion

Digestin mec nica

Process by which food is broken down into smaller pieces.


!olar Type of tooth which chews and grinds food.


Boca Part of the digestive system where food is chewed and mi ed with saliva and chemical digestion of carbohydrates begins.

!esophagus Esophagus

Es"ago Part of the digestive system which moves the food from the mouth to the stomach.

!sculum !scula

#sculo #sculos

&arge opening to the outside in sponges through which the current of water "with waste products# e its. Tiny pores all over the body of a sponge that let water into the sponge.

!stium !stia

$stiolo $stiolos


% ncreas !igestive organ which secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine and produces hormones such as insulin or glucagon to regulate the glucose levels into the blood.


Egagrpila 'ass of undigested parts of a bird(s food that is regurgitated.


&ecto Portion of the large intestine in some mammals which stores faeces.

#umen "aunch

%an'a The first chamber in the digestive tube of ruminant animals which serves as the primary site for microbial fermentation of ingested feed. (l ndulas salivares

$alivary glands

) ocrine glands in the upper digestive system that produces saliva discharging into the oral cavity.

$mall intestine

Intestino delgado *irst portion of the intestine where the digestion and absorption of food takes place.

Duodenum %emunum Ileum


Estmago !igestive organ where gastric digestion takes place.

Ver#i$ r# a%%endi!

Ap)ndice vermi"orme

%lind+ended tube connected to the cecum which is a ,safe house, for beneficial bacteria in the recovery from diarrhoea.