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anmfudavomrsm;jzpfonfh avmb? a'go? arm[wdkYudk pGefYy,fapvdkonfhtwGufom ig bk&m;w&m;a[mjyawmfrljcif;jzpf\}} ( 1 ) tcgwpfyg;rSmvnf; Ak'[m aumov jynf? auorkwNrdKUi,fwpfckudk a&muf&dSvm cJhygw,f/ tJ'DNrdKUrSmaewJhvlawGudk umvmr trsdK;tEG,frsm;[k ac:Muw,f/ olwdkYNrdKUudk Ak'a&muf&dSvmaMumif; Mum;odMuwJhtcg if; wd[ Yk m Ak'x q H nf;uyfNyD; avQmufxm;Muw,f/ ]]t&Sifbk&m; auorkwdodkY &aohykPm;t csdKU wdYk a&muf&v Sd mMuygonf/ olwo Ykd nf olw\ Ykd t,l0g'rsm;udkom &Sif;vif;jyMu xif&Sm;ap ukeMf uygonf/ olwpfyg;\ t,l0g'rsm;udk rxD av;pm;jyKMuygonf/ IwfcsMuygonf/ ypfy,f Muygonf/ xda Yk emuf tjcm;aom &aohyP k m; wdkY a&mufvmMujyefygonf/ ol w d k Y u vnf ; ol w d k Y \ t,l 0 g'rsm;om rSefuefaMumif; &Sif;vif;jyMu xif&Sm;apukefMu ygonf/ tjcm;olrsm;\ t,l0g'rsm;udk rxD av;pm;jyKMuygonf / I w f c sMuygonf / ypf y,fMuygonf/ bk&m;wynfhawmfwdkYrSm Munf ndKav;jrwfzG,faom &aohyk Pm;rsm;wGif 25

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; rnfolu trSefpum;ajym\/ rnfolu trSef oihf\}} w&m;a[moG m ;Muonf u d k ra0cG J E d k i f a tmif ]]baE..t&Sifbk&m;\pum;onf uREkfyf tpOf I y f a xG ; um oH o ,jzif h awG a 0vQuf tm; wzefESpfoufjcif;jzpf&apjyefyg\/ tjcm; &dSygonfbk&m;}} aom *dP k ; f om;wdo Yk nf uREky f u f o hJ a Ykd omwynfh tJ ' D t cg Ak ' & S i f a wmf b k & m;u bmom ud& k ygvQif a0omvD\ tvH; k pHa k om vrf;wdu Yk kd a&;ordi k ; f wpfavQmufwi G f tvGex f ; l jcm;NydKifbuf tvHudkifaqmifumvSnfhvnfNyD; oD[aoem uif;onfh taqmwvQif vufrcH&eftcsuf ywd o nf igwd k Y \ 0g'ud k vuf c H , H k M unf \ [k (10)csufyg Mo0g'udk a[majymTefjyw,f/ vSnv hf nf a<u;aMumfMuygrnf/ od& Yk mwGif t&Sif ]]tdk ..... umvrEG,z fm G ; trsKd ;om;wd?Yk bk&m;u pOf;pm; "rw&m; udk,lq[k qdy k g tcsdKUaom taMumif;w&m;onf tuk \/ odkYaMumifh uREkfyfESpfoufvSyg 'kwd,rd odkvfjzpfonf? rrSefuef? raumif;usdK;jzpfap Ak'?"rESifh oHCmtm; udk;uG,fqnf;uyfyg\}} onf[k oifwdkYudk,fwdkifudk,fus od&dS\/ xdk ]]tcsif;oD[..oif\trsdK;onf Mumjrifp h m G taMumif;w&m;rsm;udk pGey Yf ,fMuayavmh/ tcsdKU aomumvu tjcm;aomt,l0g'udk ,lqvuf taMumif;w&m;rsm;rSm ukov kd jf zpfonf? aumif; cH c J h oif o nf ig\"r w &m;ud k o if M um;\/ usdK;jzpfaponf[k toifwdkYudk,fwdkif udk,fus xdkYaMumifh oif\tdrfodkYa&mufvmaom xdkol od \ / xd k t aMumif ; w&m;rsm;ud k ES p f o uf p G m wdkYtm; tvSL'gejyKtHh[k aqmufwnf&rnf}} vufc H vdu k e f musifBh uHMuayawmh}} [k rdeMYf um; ]]baE ..t&Sib f & k m; pum;onf uREky f f cJhw,f/ tm; vGefuJaomyDwdudk jzpfapjyefyg\/ uREkfyf Mum;zl;yg\ ( 2 ) ]]orPa*gwr ajymjy\/ ightm;vSLavmh? oD[aoemywdonf ]*sde; f } t,l0g'udk tjcm;olwt Ykd m; rvSLoif} h ,ckawGUjrif&onfrm S vufcH,HkMunfaom vdp0Drif;wdkY\ aoemywd t&Sifbk&m;onf tjcm;aom*dkPf;*PwdkYtm; jzpf\/ if;onf &wemoHk;yg;\ *kPfaus;Zl; ay;vSL&eftwGuf TeMf um;\/ xda Yk Mumifh t&Sif rsm;ud k Mum;& jrwf p G m bk & m;ES i f h a wG U qH k & ef bk&m;ESihf "rw&m; oHCmrsm;udk oH; k Budra f jrmuf olYq&m ed*EemwykMwxH cGifhyefw,f/ cGifhrjyK udk;uG,fqnf;uyfyg\ }} aemufqHk;jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh awGUqHk&efoGm;cJh ( 3 ) w,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m;udk zl;awGU w&m;em&NyD; jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; MunfndK olYtm;Oyoum wpfcgrSmvnf; ed*@em#ykw (*sdef;r[m tjzpfrSwf,l&ef avQmufxm;w,f/ 0d&)&JU ausmfMum;xif&Sm;wJh wynfhBuD;jzpfwJh tJ'Dtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u Oygvdol<u,f[m jrwfpGmbk&m;xHa&mufvm ]]tcsif;oD[..pOf;pm;NyD; jyKvkyfygbd? w,f/ olY&JUq&m r[m0d&udk,fwdkif apvTwf oifuo hJ y Ykd if vlwi kd ; f vnf; txl;pOf;pm; vkyf vdu k jf cif;jzpfw,f/ taMumif;u um,uH? 0pD
26

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; olwv Ykd nf; uREky f v f e kd mrnfwpfv; kH &dw S hJ yk*Kd vf uH? raemuHwnf;[laom uHo; kH yg;ESiy hf wfouf t,ltquGv J r JG t I ay: Ak'E i S 0 hf g',SONf ydKif pum; rsdK;udk olwdkY&JUwynfhtjzpf &oGm;NyDqdk&if *kPf ,larmf<um;MuwmygyJ/ t&Sib f & k m;uawmh uREky f f ppfxdk;&efjzpfw,f/ k w f i kd u f ,HMk unfu; kd uG,y f gw,fvYkd ajymae w&m;aqG ; aEG ; yG J t NyD ; rS m Ak ' \ t,l o nf ud, rSeu f ef if;\q&m ed*@\,lqcsufwYkd rSm; aomfvnf; tav;teufpOf;pm;csifhcsdefNyD;rS ,Hk f & k m;eJY ,Gif;aeaMumif;odjrif oabmaygufoGm;w,f/ vdYk ajymaeygao;w,f/ 'gaMumifh t&Sib wuG t&Sifbk&m;&JUw&m;? t&Sifbk&m;&JUoHCm tJ'Dtcg Oygvdu ]]t&Sib f & k m;&JU w&m;awmf[m tvGeE f p S o f uf awmfawGudk ESpfBudrfajrmuf uREkfyf,HkMunfudk; tHhMozG,faumif;ygw,f/ trdkufarSmifxJrSm qD uG,f qnf;uyfygw,f}} wpfzef jrwfpGmbk&m;u rD;wefaqmifukd axmifjyvdu k o f vdk &dy S gayw,f/ ]]ol<u,f..oifhudk igrSmp&m&dSygao;w,f/ t&Sifbk&m;- 'DaeYupNyD; tuREkfyfonf t&Sif bk&m;udk toufxufq; kH ,HMk unfpm G ud; k uG,f oif[m aeYa&mnyg r[m0d&&JUwynfhwyef; qnf;uyfot l jzpf rSw, f a l wmfry l g}}vdYk avQmuf ed*@awGtvdk&dSwmudk ay;urf;vSL'gef;cJhw,f/ &mufvmorQ ed*@awGukd tNrJqr G ; f vSLcJw h ,f/ xm;w,f/ jrwfAk'u]]aeygOD; ol<u,f..ighudk,HkMunf oifhtdrf[m ed*@awGtwGuf a&wGif;ozG,f f m;/ aemifrm S vnf; oift h r d [ f m ed*@ xdkufol?udk;uG,fxdkufol [kwfr[kwfqdkwmudk r[kwv tav;teufpOf;pm;apcsifw,f/ oifv h kd owif; awGtwGuf a&wGif;ozG,fjzpfygap? a&mufvm f vSLwmudv k nf; tNrJjzpf arT;wJh xif&Sm;ausmfapmwJh yk*dKvfrsdK;tzdkY ydkrdk orQ ed*@awGukd qGr; tav;teuf pOf;pm;qifjcifNyD; vufc, H MkH unf ygap}} ]]t&Sifbk&m;..[dkt&ifwkef;uawmh &[ef; wmaumif;ygw,f}} Oygvd o l < u,f [ m tJ ' D p um;ud k M um;&wJ h a*gwru igh u d k o may;vS L &r,f / ol w pf y g; awGukd ray;vSLxdu k b f ; l / wpfyg;olawGukd ay; tcg Ak'tm; ydkMunfndKvmum S yJ/ ighukd vSLwJt h vSLuom ]]tav;teuf pOf;pm;NyD;rS ,HkMunfygvdkY vSLjcif;onf tcsnf;ED; uREky f u f kd t&Sib f & k m;ajymwJt h wGuf t&Sib f & k m; tusdK;BuD;w,f 'Dvdkwpfqifhpum; Mum;cJh&zl; udk ydkNyD;MunfndKoGm;ygw,f/ tjcm;*dkPf;*P ygw,f/ tckawmh 'Dpum;awG[m t&Sifbk&m;udk rsm;u q&mawGeJY uREkfyfawGUzl;wJhtBudrfaygif; rsm;ygNyD/ olwe Ykd a YJ wGUvdYk olw& Ykd UJ t,ltqawGukd r[kwfrw&m; pGyfpGJajymqdkwmyJvdkY odvm&yg a[majymwJhtcg t&Sifbk&m;vdk taotcsm w,f/ t&Sifbk&m;u tjcm;wpfyg;olawGudk f ifwt hJ jyif uREky f u f kd t&ifvkd pOf;pm;csifhcsdefNyD;rS ,HkMunfzdkYajymwm wpfcgrS ay;vSLwmudk rydwy rMum;&zl;ygbl;/ olwdkYajymwmawG[m trSef yJvSLyg? ay;urf;ygvdkY ajymaejyefygao;w,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; t&Sifbk&m;ESifhwuG t&Sif awGcsnfhjzpfvdkY tvHk;pHkudk ,HkMunf&r,fvdkYcsnfh bk&m;&JU w&m;oabmt,ltq? t&Sib f & k m;&JU ajymawmhwmyJ/ 27

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;

uHOD;pD;aommPf jyKMu&ef t&Sifukrm& (at;csrf;Nidrf;)

Ak'bmomolawmfpifwdkif; rdrdwdkYtvSL 'geaumif ; rI w pf c k c k j yKwd k i f ; qk a wmif ; aeMu jzpfaomqkawmif;rSm ]edAmef}udka&muf&ygvdk \vdkY qkawmif;Muygonf/ ed A m ef [ l o nf qk a wmif ; H k j zif h ra&muf Edkifyg/ edAmefa&mufaMumif; 0dyemtvkyf vkyr f o S mvQif a&mufEi kd y f gonf/ tb,faMumifh qda k omf edAm efua kd &mufv?kd oGm;vdy k gu uHvrf; jzifh oGm;r&/ mPfvrf;jzifhom oGm;&ygrnf/ 'geaumif;rI? oDvaumif;rIonf uHvrf;ouf oufjzpfygonf/ odkYaomf edAmefudka&mufvdk aomyk*dKvfrsm; 'ge? oDvrjyK&awmhbl;vm;[k ar;p&m&dSygonf/ edAmefonf 'ge? oDvudk ry,f y g/ taxmuf t xm;rsm;pG m &d S y gonf / edAmefodkY rsufarSmufjyKoGm;Muukefaom/ bk&m; oHCmawmfawGukd wwd,tBudra f jrmuf uREky f f ,HkMunfudk;uG,fqnf;uyfyg\/}} _ _ _ _ _ _ _ pma&;ol\ tmoDo- tjcm;aomt,l 0g'rsm;\ bk & m;trnf c H y k * d K vf w d k Y \ EI w f u ywf a wmf a c: tqd k t rd e f Y r sm;ES i f h Ak ' \ tqd k trd e f Y r sm;ud k Ed I i f ; ,S O f a vh v m Ak ' j rwf p G m bk & m;&S i f t m; qwuf x rf ; yd k ; Munf n d K o' g yGm;Edkif&ef aumufEIwfazmfjyygonf/) avmb a'go? rdu k a f rm[ vH; k 0 uif;&Si; f Muygap- - /

tqlql? yapuAk'tqlql? &[EmtoD;oD; 'ge? oD v taxmuf t yH h j zif h o m ed A m ef o d k Y a&mufMu&ygonf/ od k Y j zpf y g 'geoD v jyKcsd e f r S m ]]0d y emmPf } } OD ; pD ; aomuH r sm; jyKvk y f & ygrnf / (wpf e nf ; - mPf O D ; pD ; aomuH jyK&ygrnf / ) mPfrygaom]uH} jyKygu oHo&mxJrm S wpf0J vnfvnf usifvnfwwfygonf/ mPfOD;pD; aomuHjyKrSom oHo&mrS vGwfajrmufygrnf/ tJ ' D a wmh oH o &mtaMumif ; avh v mzd k Y vd k y g ayonf/ oHo&mqdkwmbmvJ/ Zmwd? Z&m? Asm"d? r&Pudy k if oHo&m[kac:ygonf/ (arGzm G; jcif;? tdkjcif;? emjcif;? aojcif;) wpfenf;um;arG;zGm;jcif;ESifh aojcif;udkyifoHo&m[kac:yg onf/ wpfcsdKUaomyk*dKvf? ow0grsm; arG;zGm;NyD;

aiGaX; ([oFmw)
udk;um; (1) t&SifZ0e?arwm&Sif(a&Tjynfom)\ tH; I r&da S om'e/ (2) q&mOD;aomfZif\ jrefrmjynfa&muf Ak'o moem/ (3)q&meEodef;ZH\ ud, k u f sifw h nfMunfjcif;ESit hf qifh jrifc h &D;pOf/

28

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; rtdc k if? remcifyif aowwfaomaMumifh arG;- aom emrfw&m;om&dSonfudk awGU&ygvdrfhrnf/ ao[k ESpfrsdK;yJ&dSonf/ vljzpfvnf; arG;-ao? kyfemrfESpfckaygif;xm;wmudkyif cEm? cEmqdkwm f ydi k ; f ewfjzpfvnf; arG;-ao? wd&dpmefvnf; arG;- acgif;? cg;? ajc? vufponfh t*Fgtpdwt ao? oH; k q,fw h pfbo kH m;tm;vH; k arG;-ao 'gygyJ/ awG zG J U pnf ; xm;wmr[k w f / k y f E S i f h e mrf y J [ k kd y f gu tJ'gonfyif trSejf rif (wpfenf;'gwif v m;qd k a wmh v nf ; ruao;yg/ odvu raocifaor,fhtcsdefudk 'Dwdkif;xdkifapmifhaevdkY mPfyif jzpfygonf/) aemufxyfwpfqifhwuf kyfESifhemrfonf r&/ raocifpm;zdkY&Sm&? 0wfzdkY&Sm&? aezdkY&Sm&? f r? yk*Kd vf? &Sm&if;eJY wpfO; D eJw Y pfO; D tqifrajyrIawG jzpfMu&/ igr[kw?f olr[kw?f a,musfm;? rde; f k wpfcsdKUvnf; aoaeYaphawmh usefwJholawG idk ow0g? touf? vdyjf ym? 0dmOfaumifr[kw[ a<u;ylaqG;Mu&ESifh raocifrSm 'gawGvnf; od&ygrnf/ aemufwpfcg cEm? ky?f emrf&vm awGUaeMu&ao;onf/ aooGm;onfhyk*dKvfu jcif;onf tjcm;r[kwf/ tdk? em? ao 'ku &[EmtjzpfESifh y&dedAmefpHoGm;wmqdk&ifawmh tpkBuD;&wmyJ[k rSefuefpGmBuHpnfay;&ygrnf/ Nid r f ; NyD a ygh / t&d , m&[E m r[k w f b J yk x k Z Of cE? 'kutpkBuD;[mvnf; arG;vdkufaovdkuf taeeJo Y m aornfqv kd sif pkwNd yD;&if y#doaE (wpfenf;- jzpfvdkufysufvdkufyJvdkY od&ygrnf/) qdkawmh aemufxyfb0wpfck &MuavOD;rSmyg/ jzpfwmonf arG;wmyg/ ysufwmu aowmyg/ b0wpfckom jyef&&ifawmh tjcm;r&dSyg/ arG;- 'gaMumifh arG;-ao? jzpf-ysuf[m 'kuyJvdkY trSefwdkif;jrif? trSefwdkif;odaewmudkyif mPf ao oHo&mygyJqdkwm rvGJ{uefygyJ/ arG;-ao oHo&mrSvw G c f sifMuonfh olawmf [kac:ygonf/ Ak'b mom0if olawmfaumif;rsm; 'geukov kd f aumif;rsm; uHqdkonfh 'ge oDv jyKcsdefrSm ]mPf} OD;pD;aom ]uH} jyKMu&ygrnf/ ]mPf} uH? oDvukodkvfuH jyKvkyfMuawmhrnffqdkvsif qdo k nfrm S xd; k xGi; f odru I kd ac:ygonf/ trSeu f kd oHo&mvnfaMumif; vl? ewfcsrf;omudk qkr trSefwdkif;? t&dSudkt&dStwdkif; xdk;xGif;jrifrIESifh awmif;MuyJ oHo&m'kurSvGwfaMumif;jzpfwJh edAm ef wpfrsdK;wnf;udo k m qkawmif;NyD; ,ckjyK xdk;xGif; BuHpnfrIudk mPf[kac:ygonf/ orm'd|d - rSeu f efpm G jrifr?I ormouFy &aom 'geukodkvfuH? oDvukodkvfuHwdkYonf efoYkd a&mufaMumif; taxmuftyHjh zpfygap[k -rSefuefpGm BuHpnfrIyifjzpfygonf/ rdrdwdkYcEm edAm yg[k ud, k Bf uD;udy k if mPfrsufv; kH wyf Munfv h u kd y f g/ qkawmif;NyD; ]uH} jyKwdkif; ]mPf} OD;pD;yg acgif;? cg;? ajc? vufpwJh t*Fgtpdwftydkif; edAmeftusdK;arQmfudk;um ormqEjzifh wifjy k w f e G ; f vdu k & f ygonf/ / awGeJY zGJUpnf;xm;wJh cEmBuD;udk bk&m;u ig? wdu oHo&m0#f? b0nGwfrS? vGwfzdkYjyKwm? olwpfyg;? a,musm f ;? rde; f r? yk*Kd vf? ow0gr[kwf ukov kd o f m? rSep f m G jrwfvy S gay/ kyw f &m;tpkEi S hf emrfw&m;tpkom[k a[mxm; cJhavaomaMumifh rdrdwdkYcEmBuD;qdkwJh "mwfBuD; t&Sifukrm&(at;csrf;Nidrf;) av;yg;ESihf zGUJ pnf;xm;onf h y k w f &m;ESihf odwwf 29

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;


csif ; Ak ' o moeygvutzJ G U BuD ; \ omoemjyKvk y f i ef ; rsm;twG u f puFmyla&muftvSL&Sifrsm; csif;Ak'omoeygvutzJGU twGif;a&;rSL; pma&;q&mqvdkif;a&Tvif;rSwpfqifh yl;wJGpm&if;yg tvSLaiGpkpkaygif;(1247000d) (usyfwpfq,hfESpfodef; av;aomif;ckESpfaxmifwdwd)udk (4-112013)ESifh (6-11-2013)aeY&ufrsm;wGif vufcH&&Sdfygojzifh om"ktEkarm'emac:qdk aus;Zl; wif0rf;ajrmufpGm rSwfwrf;wifaz:jytyfygonf/ 1/ OD;rsdK;oefY + a':Zmjcnfvif; S$ 100 2/ OD;ausmfrsdK;cdkif + a':acsmpkvdIif S$ 10 3/ OD;qvdkif;a&Tvif; + a':wifwif0if; S$ 107 4/ OD;cifpdk; + a':pef;,k rdom;pk S$ 30 5/ OD;wifpdk; + a':pef;pef;jrifh S$ 50 6/ OD;idkif;[kef; + a':wif0if; S$ 50 7/ OD;uD;armif; S$ 50 8/ OD;rsdK;rif;vGif + a':ZmZmEdkif S$ 16 9/ OD;[efausmfausmf S$ 10 10/ OD;rsdK;aZmfoefY S$ 10 11/ a':NzdK;oOmcsdK S$ 10 12/ OD;atmifjrifhudk&nfpl; orD;tJGUxifESifh nDudkarmifESrrsm; S$ 50 13/ OD;rif;jrwfzkef; + a':vSjrwfaxG; S$ 30 14/ a':vJhjzL0if; S$ 20 15/ a':wifNyKH;jrifh S$ 20 16/ a':jrwfpEDaZmf S$ 20 17/ Richie S$ 20 18/ q&mawmft&SifZ0e (arwm&Sif a&Tjynfom) S$ 1000
S$ 1597

pkpa k ygif; = 1247000d^jzpfygonf/

30

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;

csif;-ygvuaqG;aEG;yG( J ig;&HUacsmif;&Gm?izJNrdKUe,f)

EdkifiHawmfbmomaeYtcrf;tem;odkYwufa&muf

ausmufui G ; f y&[dwrS csif;vli,fausmif;om;armifr,frsm;(jynf)

31

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;

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a&Toa l |;q&mawmf?

'gef;a'gifq h &mawmf

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csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; xufarmhMunf\ h / &ifbwfx k oda Yk tmfi\ kd / &efukefrS rEav;odkYoGm;Murnf/ OD;pGma&mufol ]]cef ; bl [ l ; 0d k ; ,l ; uH k ; wl ; vd k Y rk v d k Y w l 0 g;}} u tEdi k jf zpfonf/ paearmifarmifu &xm;jzifh ]]rdk;aumif;uifutzdk;a&? qif;oufvmNyD; oGm;&m rEav;odkYa&mufaomtcg? olYxuf MunfhygvSnfh}}[kqdkvdk\/ olr qufajymonf em&Drsm;pGmapm a&mufaeaom bdk;awmfudk k awmfu ajrvQdK;rd; k ysH a&mufae um; rw&m;aomtrIudk w&m;atmif pD&if awGU&onf/ bd; k u bd; k awmfut kd Edi k f qHk;jzwfay;yg/ tjypf&dSoludk 'Pfcwfyg [l\/ ovm;[kxifMu\/ tm;vH; olronf ]]cef;bl[l;}}udk w&m;pD&ifEdkifaom ay;awmhrnf/ paearmifarmifu tBuHjyKonf/ olESifhbdk;awmf wHcg;ydwf wefcdk;xyfNydKifrnf tmPm&dSoltjzpf tm;udk;jcif;jzpfonf/ xdktcsufonf w&m;twdkif; vdkufemusifh &dScdk;cH&olu tEdkifjzpfrnf/ wHcg;vnf;zGifhvdkufa&m bdk;awmfu pae BuH j cif ; ? rS e f u ef r Qwjcif ; ud k ]]cef ; bl [ l ; }}u armif a rmif \ ajcaxmuf u d k OD ; acgif ; jzif h x d vdv k m;aMumif;? rSeu f efrQwrIukd tvd& k o Sd w l u Ykd om ]]cef;bl[; l }}udk vdv k m;awmifw h MuaMumif; &dScdk;aeonf/ paearmifarmifuawmh rdefYrdefY ay:vGifaponf/ rSefuefrQwzdkY vdkufemusifhBuH BuD;NyHK;vdkY/ bdk;awmfu wefcdk;BuD;vSaom pae &aom tESpfom&onf Ak'w&m;awmfom &dS armifarmifudk aMumufvSygaMumif;? aemufaemif aomw&m;jzpfonf/ zefqif;&Sif[k ,HkMunfol r,SOfNydKif0HhawmhygaMumif; ajymaeonf/ tjzpfrSefu bdk;awmfrSm kyfcsif;wlvSaom tcsdKUyif w&m;twdi k ; f usifBh uHzo Ykd m vd& k if;jyKaom trTmnD&o Sd nf/ oln Y u D rEav;rSmae tqif tawG;tac:jzpfonf/ bmomjcm;wdkYurl (wpf)zefqif;&Sifu zef oifh apmifhaejcif;jzpfonf/ paearmifarmifu k r H wlwmudk owdjyKrd&mrS odom G ;jcif; qif;onfu, kd jkH cif;? (ESp) f rdrt d jypfukd 0efcsawmif; ajcoef;yHp yef tm;udk;qkawmif;aejcif; xdk(2)csufom jzpfonf/ tcef;xJESpfOD;om; a&mufaomtcg t"duxm;\/ tusifhtm;jzihf aumif;uifbHkodkY paearmifarmifu ]]rif;wdkYtrTmnDtpfudkawG ra&mufEi kd [ f k twdtvif;azmfjyxm;ay&m w&m; vdrfpm;aewm igodw,f/ ighudkr&dScdk;&if rif; twdkif; usifhBuHaexdkifrIudk t"duxm;aom wdkYtaMumif;azmfvdkufr,f}}[k ajym\/ toif pmzwfol kyfcsif;wlvSayr,fh cef;bl[l;t,ltqESifh vm;vm;rQ rwlaMumif; owd j yKtyf \ / csif ; wd k Y \ d k ; &mt,l t qud k vlrwlwmudk odEdkifonf/ oabmw&m;udp / tay:,H&y S f ravhvmbJ twGi; f usus vd& k if;rdrd rSmvnf; oHwlaMumif;uGJ&dSygonf/ avhvmod&dS&ef vdktyfayonf/ pmudka&;&if; paearmifarmifESifh bdk;awmf wpfOD;wdkY wefcdk;NydKifMuyHkudk owd&vmonf/ rif;odc\ F paearmifarmif0wKudk pma&;ol txl; ESpfNcdKufrd\/ paearmifarmifESifh bdk;awmfwpfOD;wdkYonf 42

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csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; Ak ' b momrS m 'gawG r &d S c J h b l ; }}[k ajymNyD ; ygVdynm&Sif a'guf w md k i f ; pf a ';Apf onf qufvuf olu ]]uRefawmfh&JU taumif; urmYynm&SifwpfOD;jzpfNyD; c&pf,mef"rq&m qHk;rdwfaqGwpfcsdKU[m Ak'bmom0ifawGyg}}[k wpfOD;\ om;vnf;jzpfonf/ qufajymygonf/ olonf c&pf,mefbmomonf Ak'bmom a*skqvifNrdKUrS *sL;bmoma&;acgif;aqmif xuf omvGefaumif;rGefaMumif;jyoEdkif&ef Ak' &uf b D & S j rL&,f 0 uf q mwd e f ; u]]uRefawmf *sL; usrf;pm trsm;tjym;udk t*FvdyfbmomodkYjyef t,l0g' (Judaism) cspfygw,f/ *sL;0g'[m qdk&if; Ak'bmom0ifwpfOD; jzpfcJh&onf/ ol\ urmYtaumif;qHk;0g'vdkY xifcJhygw,f/ 'gayrJh zGifh[0efcHcsufrSm uRefawmfonf urmYbmom dk;om;pGmajym&r,fqdk&if uRefawmf[m aeYpOf BuD;rsm;udk avhvmcJhonf/ Ak'bmom\ opm *sL;bmom ud k ; uG , f q k a wmif ; rI v k y f N yD ; wd k i f ; av;yg; w&m;awmfonf vSyrIEi S jhf ynfp h r kH & I o Sd nf/ Ak'bmom 0dyemw&m; usifhBuHrIvkyfvm xdt k csufukd ausmfve G E f i kd a f omw&m;udk rnfonfh wm 1993-ck E S p f u ae ,aeY t xd y gyJ } } [k bmomwGifrS rawGU&yg?rawGUrdyg? xdkYaMumifh xkwfazmfajymMum;onf/ uREkfyfonf uREkfyf\b0udk xdkAk'bmomw&m; urmYtrGefjrwfqHk; udk;uG,f&mbmomtjzpf \ vrf;aMumif;twdkif; yHkazmfcJhonf/ odkY rJay;qHk;jzwfMuNyD; qkcsD;jrifh&m qkudkvufrcH uREkfyf\ b0vrf;aMumif;udk yHkazmf&ojzifh rdrd yg/ taMumif;udkar;jref;&mwGif Ak'bmom&[ef; udk,fudk rdrdESpfodrfhtm;& auseyfrdygonf[k awmfBuD;jzpfaom baE*& l w[E(Bhante Ghura azmfjyyg&dSonf/ ta Hanta) u ]]tckvdk todtrSwfjyKcH&wmyJ tJvfbwftdkif;pwdkif;url tu,f acwf aus;Zl;wifvSygNyD tckay;tyfwJhqkudk vlom; opfodyHynmvdktyfcsufrsm;ESifh bufNydKifonfh rsdK;EG,ftm;vHk;udkyJ cGJa0ay;yg}}[k rdefYMum;awmf bmoma&;wpfck&dScJhonfqdkvQif if;onf Ak' rlygonf/ bmomyif jzpfayvdrfhrnf[k ajymcJhonf/ ]]usKyfwb Ykd mom0iftm;vH; k wdYk &ifxr J S Ak'& UJ ael;\tqkdurl tu,f jyemwpfcc k k pG e f Y B uJ jcif; w&m; udef; 0yfa eygw,f/ 'D q k u d k ajz&Si; f zG,& f m&dc S v hJ Qif Ak'a [mMum;cJa h omvrf;pOf vufcc H sifwhJ Ak'b mom0ifwpfO; D wpfa,mufrsm; jzifhom Nidrf;csrf;pGm ('Drdkua&pDusus) pOf;pm; &dSvdk&dSjim; ae&mtESHYtjym;&SmMunhfygr,f/ awGUcJh qifjcif qHk;jzwf&ayrnf/ wpfzef vlrI'ku? &ifawmh cifAsm;wdkYudk jyefajymyghr,f}}[k rdefY oku tIyftaxG;rsm;twGuf Ak'\ Nidrf;csrf; Mum;awmfrlcJhygonf/ a&;w&m;a'oemawmf o nf twd w f u xuf txufyg taMumif;t&mrsm;onf &efue k Nf rdKU ,aeYwGif ydkvdktyfayonf[k qdkonf/ r[mpnf A k ' b mom omoemh E k * [ toif ; [mref[ufpf(1887-1962) url taMumif; Ou|xHrS &&dSaom (ICARUS) toif;BuD;\ wpfckwnf;eJY &SifawmfAk'bk&m; a[mMum;wJh Email rsm;jzpfygonf/ pmIolrsm; "ryDwdjzpfap a'oemrSm&dw S hJ wpfjcm;t&mawGxuf taMumif; &ef aumufEIwf xyfqifhazmfjytyfygonf/ t&m wpfct k wGue f y YJ J wynfa h wmft&Sib f & k m;&JU 58

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; w&m;a'oemawmfudk av;pm;jrwfEdk;vSygonf/ vkyfaeNyD; bk&m;&dScdk;&ovm;As}}[k ar;vdkuf\/ tJ'D taMumif;t&m[m bmvJq& kd if w&m;a' rpwmck&Sufu ]]Ak'udk uRefawmftkdtao Yk q J a kd wmh? rdr0 d g'udk oemrSmyg&dSwJh ]t&m0wKtm;vHk;[m jywfom; tav;jyK&r,fAs? bmjyKvdv f ygif;(2500)ausmf wnf wHa h tmifysKd ;axmifcw hJ hJ aejcif;jzpfygw,f? olUtvdkvdkyif xif&Sm;aejcif; ESpa Ak'&JUpGrf;yum;[m uRefawmfwdkYvlYordkif;t& jzpfygw,f}[k zGifhqdkxm;onf/ *Refa0gvfwm;pfurl tjypfey YJ gwfouf b,fvlom;urS vdkufrrDSao;bl;/ tck uRef Ykd nf;H; k Edi k w f ,fqw kd m vlb,fEp S o f ef;udk jypfru I sL;vGeo f o l nf bk&m;ocifxH awmif;yef awmfwp toem;cH&ef qkawmif;0wfjyK BudK;pm;rIwdkYjzifh aemufvdkufjzpfatmif vkyfEdkifMuovJ? b,f tukodkvfqdk;usdK;rS vGwfajrmufEdkifonf[k Ak' avmufMumMum wnfwHhatmifvkyfEdkifrvJ? Ak' 0g'DwdkYu r,HkMunfacs/ wpfzefquf pdwf avmuf BuD;jrwfwJhpnf;Hk;a&;rSL; &dSEdkifyghrvm;? csrf;omapwmu uREkfyfwdkYwawGonf kyf0wK 'gaMumifh Ak'&JUpnf;Hk;a&;pGrf;tifudk tav;jyK h aeeJY uRefawmfu cifAsm;wdYk "avhtwdi k ; f <u,f0rI 0dkif;0dkif;vnfaeonfhMum;wGif pdwf wJt "mwfa&;&mtm;jzifh cRwfNcHKusaeMu&ygonf/ ]&dScdk;wmAs}? 'g[m vkyfoifhvkyfxdkufwJhtvkyf f ; l vm;Asm}}[k jyefajymvdu k o f nfrm S uGef kyf0wK<u,f0aomfvnf; pdwfcsrf;omrI uif; r[kwb aomtajctaewGif Ak'\ usifp h Ofukd usifBh uHtm; jrLepf ur m Y x d y f o D ; acgif ; aqmif qd k A D , uf xkwfMunfhzdkY oifhvSygonf/ Ak'usifhpOfonf 0efBuD;csKyf ck&Sufomjzpfygonf/ {[dydaum pdwc f srf;omrIukd trSew f ,f jzpfapEdi k y f gonf[k Ak'0 g'onf ,HMk unfrx I uf odrE I i S hf IjrifrI qdkxm;onf/ ygarmu & D ; pf a ';Apf u rl EdSyfpufrIr&dS udkom t"duxm;onf/ Ak'\ oGefoifqHk;rrI &Snfvsm;vSonfh ordkif;aMumif;wavQmufwGif w&m;awmfrsm;onf ]{[dydaum} vmvSn?hf Ak'bmom0ifrsm;taeESifh tjcm;bmom0ifrsm; I v S n f h [ k zd w f a c:jcif ; ud k o mjyK vmNyD ; ,H k udk nif;yef;EdSyfpufrI[laom rSwfwrf;rSwf&m Munfavmh[k rqdkay[k a'guf w mavAvS L wpfpHkwpf&mrQ r&dSygay/ ael;url Ak'\w&m; &m[l v m uqdkonf/ Ak'0g'ay:xGef;jcif; awmf r sm;onf ur m ay:wG i f tEk j rLAH k ; rsm;? [dkufj'dK*sifAHk;rsm; &dSaejcif;aMumifh ydkyifvdktyf csKyfaESmifjcif;[lorQrS vGwfajrmufatmif tm;xkwfa&;twGuf avmu]]Ak'0g'ay:xGef; aomtcsdefjzpfonf[k qdkonf/ jcif;}}jzpfyg\/ ("ry')"rodjrifolonf? Ak' ck&SufESifh a&Twd*Hk 1955-ckESpf urmYxdyfoD;uGefjrLepf acgif; udkodjrifoljzpfonf/ Ak'udkodjrifolonf? "r k jd rifor l nfonf/ "rur kd odjrifaomolonf? aqmif qd k A D , uf 0 ef B uD ; csKyf ]ck & S u f } onf udo jrefrmEdkifiHodkY vma&mufpOfu a&Twd*HkapwD Ak'\ouFef;a&NcHKxm;aomfvnf; (wpfenf;) awmfBuD;udk vkyftkyfcsDuefawmh&m jrefrmhEdkifiH Ak'\ouFef;udk 0wfHkxm;aomfvnf; Ak'udkod a&;acgif;aqmifwpfOD;u ]]cifAsm;[m uGefjrLepf jrifol[k rqdkEdkifay/("ry')
59

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; edAmefu b,frSmvJ trsdK;om;tcsif;csif;? &Sifbk&iftcsif;csif;? Edkif edAmefudk ajcvsifoGm;jcif;jzifh odEdkif? jrifEdkif? iHtcsif;csif; ppfwdkufaeMu\-[k jrwfpGmbk&m; a&mufEdkifw,fvdkY igbk&m;ra[m/ ocFg&avm a[mMum;cJhygw,f/ u&JUtqHk;udk mPfeJYra&muf&if 0#fqif;&J&JU ]]y#dyu&JUt&if;tjrpf[m pdwfyJ/ pdwfxJ tqHk;udk a&mufEdkifw,fvdkY igbk&m;ra[m/ rSmjzpfay:aewJh avmb? a'go? arm[udk avQm (oH,w k y f gVd y-6) hcszsufodrf;&r,f/ wpfODcsif;?wpfzGJUcsif;? vufeuf a&m*gESifhaq; zsufodrf;a&;? w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;? xm0&Nidrf; urmBuD;[m trkef;a&m*g? tvefYa&m*g? csrf;a&;rsm;&atmifvkyf&r,f/ odkYrSom urmY taMumufa&m*g pGu J yfaew,f/ txl;ukorm; vuf e uf z suf o d r f ; a&;vnf ; atmif j rif E d k i f y g awmf\ ukorIc, H z l Ykd vdt k yfaew,f/ Ak'a [m w,f / 'g[m ur m Y x m0&Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;BuD ; yJ Mum;awmfrlwJh Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESifh aoG;pnf;nD nGwa f &; o[Zmwjzpfa&;w&m;awmf[m ,aeY urmYordkif;topf zGifhvSpf&yghr,f}}[k tDwvD f awmfBuD; OD;avmuemxrSvnf; rdeq Yf x kd m; ,ck(21)&mpktcsdeE f i S hf ydNk yD;awmhawmif ywfouf bke; ygw,f/ qufpyfaew,f/ (q&mBuD;*dktifum) xdjYk yif (20)&mpk tBuD;jrwfq; kH odyy H nm&Sif a'gufwmtJvfbwftdkif;pwdkif;u 1939-ckESpf? Ak'0g'ay:xGef;&jcif;taMumif;rSm csKyfaESmifjcif;[lorQrS? vGwfajrmufatmif arv(19)&ufaeY tar&duefjynfaxmifp?k e,l; tm;xk w f a &;twG u f avmu ]]Ak ' 0 g'ay: *smpDjynfe,f? y&ifpwefwuodkvfwGif a[m xGef;jcif;}}jzpfay\/ ("ry') ajymcJhaompum;pkrSm ]]aemifwpfcsdefrSm pMum ]]ig;yg;oD v ud k tuk e f v H k ; rxd e f ; ygeJ Y O D ; / 0VmwpfckvHk; udk;uG,fMuwJhbmomw&m;wpfck wpfyg;oDvjzpfwhJ ]olt Y oufrowf&} [laom jzpfay:vmvdrfhr,f/ tJ'Dbmomw&m;[m xm0&bk&m;t,l Ak'0g'onf urmolurmom;tm;vHk;wdkY vdkuf emusifhoHk;oifh onfh0g'jzpfonf/ ig;yg;oDv tqud k vT r f ; rd k ; oG m ;vd r f h r ,f / wpf , l o ef yg&dSaom olYtoufudkrowf&[laom ynwf w&m;ao0g'ud k v nf ; a&S m if v T J E d k i f v d r f h r ,f / csufukd vdu k e f mvQifyif jynfwi G ; f ppf? urmppf obm0w&m;ES i f h bmomw&m;ES p f c k v H k ; ud k rsm; rjzpf y G m ;Ed k i f / ppf \ ted | mH k r sm; ray: vT r f ; NcH K rd w J h tJ ' D b momw&m;[m kyfemrf aygufEdkifawmh}}[l tjynfjynfqdkif&m Ak'bm (2)yg;udk udk,fawGUcHpm;odjrifrIESifh t"dyg,f omtoif;udk xlaxmifco hJ l t*Fvy d & f [ef;awmf jynfh0wJh aygif;pnf;nDnGwfrItay:rSm tajccH vdrfhr,f/ 'DtcsufawGudk Ak'bmomu tajz tmeEaraw,su zGifhqdkxm;jyefonf/ ay;vdrfhr,f/ wu,fvdkYom acwfopfodyHenf; xm0&Nidrf;csrf;rI&atmif avmbpdwf? a'gopdwf? arm[pdwf? umr usvdkuftyfcsufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;ay;EdkifwJhbm k w Sd ,fq& kd if tJ'b D momw&m;[m *kPf (5)yg;? &m*pdwf? twpdwfawGvTrf;rdk;vdkY omw&m;wpfc& om rdom;pktcsif;csif;? tdrfaxmifpktcsif;csif;? Ak ' b momyJ j zpf v d r f h r ,f } }[k a[majymoG m ; 60

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;


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t&d,m0Ho (awmifwef;aysmf) csif;Ak'omoeygvutzGJY(tzGJUcGJ)zGJUpnf;jcif;


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qufvuf rauG;wdi k ; f a'oBuD;? atmifvNH rdKUe,f?irJuefaus;&Gm? 1375-ckEp S ?f oDwif;uRwf vqkw( f 6)&uf (25?10?2013) aomMumaeYwi G f csif;Ak'o moeygvu(tzGc YJ ) JG udk zGUJ pnf;MuaMumif; owif;&&dSygonf/ tqdkygtcrf;tem;udk irJuefaus;&Gm bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;usif;y&m e,fajrcHq&mawmf b'EokeEESifh? &efukeftzGJUcsKyfrS 0efaqmifq&mawmfOD;eErmvm? Ou|OD;wifatmif? csif;bk&m; jyKjyifa&;Ou| OD;tGrfarmif;(rauG;)wdkYESifh a'ocH'g,um 'g,dumrrsm;wufa&mufcJhMuonf/ irJuefaus;&Gm csif;Ak'omoeyg vutzGJUcGJwGif Mo0g'gp&d,tjzpf irJuefausmif;q&mawmf? em,u(4)OD;? trIaqmif(16)OD;wdkYjzifh OD;aqmifzGJYpnf;cJhMuygonf/ tzGJU0ifOD;a&rSm?irJuefaus;&GmrS csif;Ak'bmom0iftm;vHk;yifjzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdygonf/ 61

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;

tjcm;bmomrdwfquf
udkBuD;aumif;(ewfrawmif)
'Dwpfywfawmh csif;Ak'v i l ,fuav;rsm;udk twl,O S w f a GJ exdi k & f wJh bmomBuD;rsm;eJY rdwq f uf ay;csifygw,f/ Ak'bmom0if csif;vli,frsm;[m yput ajctaerSm ud, k t fh rsdK;bmomomoemudk jyKpkysdK;axmifxdef;odrf;umuG,f apmifha&Smufa&; BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufMu&r,hfwm0ef yckH;ay:us a&mufaeNyjD zpfovdk wpfcse d w f nf;rSmyJ tjcm;aom bmomjcm;vlrsdK;jcm;awGeJY Nidrf;csrf;cspfMunfpGm twl,O S w f a GJ exki d a f &;udk BudK;yrf;Mu&rSmjzpfw,f/ bmomjcm;awGeYJ Nidr; f csrf;cspfMunfpm G ,SOw f GJ aexdi k a f &;? rdr& d UJ trsdK;bmomomoem xdyg;apmf um; rcH&a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk wpfNydKifwnf;vkyf aqmifMu&rSmjzpfw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh twl,O S w f GJ aexdi k & f r,hf bmomBuD;rsm;&JU jzpfay:vmyko H rdi k ; f tusOf;udk odxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/ tA&[rf ( tjA[rf ) ( Abrahamic) ud k ; uG , f r I b mom tA&[rfu; kd uG,r f b I momqdw k m a,a[m 0g(yahewa) bk&m;ocifudk;uG,frI*sL;bmom? xm0&bk & m;ocif u d k ; uG , f r I ? (God)c&pf , mef bmom? tv m t&S i f j rwf (Allah)ud k ; uG , f r I rGwfqvifbmomjzpfw,f/ tA&[rfudk a'o tvd k u f Abrahan (tA&[rf ) Avraham (t0 &[rf) Auruhom (tkk[krf)ponfjzifh ac:Mu w,f/ tJ'DbmomokH;ckudkNcKHNyD; tA&[rfudk; uG,frIbmom (Abrahamic Religious) a c : w,f/

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tA&[rftaMumif; tA&[rfukd (,ck) tD&wfEi kd i f ?H tl;&f(ur) NrdKUrSm BC 2000cefYu arG;zGm;cJhw,f/ ol[m a,a[m0gbk&m;ocifeYJ ud, k w f i kd a f wGUqkc H i G & hf cJNh yD; w&m;awmfrsm;udk vufc& H ,lco hJ v l Ykd ,kMH unfMu w,f/ bk&m;ocif&JU trdefYawmfudk twdtus vd k u f e m emcH N yD ; ? ol Y Z eD ; qm&m (Sari-Sarah) uda k c:NyD; tl;&fNrdKUuae xGuc f m G oGm;cJw h ,f/ arG; &yftl;&fNrKdUudkpGefYNyD; tJukwKjynf (,cktD*spf)udk xGufcGmoGm;wmjzpfw,f/ tA&[rf&JUZeD; qm&m[m ESpftwefMum txd om;orD;rxGef;um;bl;/ ZeD;qm&mudk,f wd k i f u tA&[rf u d k tD * spf o l [ m*& (Hagar) eJYay;pm;cJhw,f/ [m*&[m tD*spfawmf0ifrsm;&JU armif;rrdu H , kd v f y k a f wmf wpfyg;jzpfw,f/ tJ'D 'k w d , ZeD ; [m*&u om;oQarv (Ismael) udkzGm;jrifw,f/ oQarv (13)ESpft&G,frSm yxrZeD ; qm&mu om;Zmw (Isaac) ud k zGm;jrifvmygawmhw,f/ yxrZeD;qm&mu om;Zmwudk zGm;jrif vmNyD;wJa h emufrm S 'kw, d ZeD;eJy Y xrZeD;wdYk tBuD; tus,f roifhrjrwfjzpfMuw,f/ wpf&ufrSm oQarvoli,fu ZeD;BuD;qm&mudk dkif;pdkif; Murf;wrf;pGm qJqdkrIjzpfw,f/ tarBuD;udk 'D avmufMurf;wrf;pGm qJqdkwJhom;eJYtarudk ESif xkwfypf&r,fvdkY qm&mu tA&[rfudkawmif; qdy k gawmhw,f/ zciftA&[rfuvnf; om;BuD;

62

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; c&pf,mefbmomay:aygufvmykH oQarv (Ismael) ud k Murf ; wrf ; vS w J h p um;vkH;awGeJYajymqdkNyD; rdcif[m*&eJYtwl ESif c&pf,mefbmomudk xlaxmifwhJ c&pfawmf xkwfvdkufygw,f/ [m *sL;vlrsdK;yJjzpfw,f/ zcifvuform; a,mo (Joseph)eJY rdcifar&DwdkYu zGm;jrifw,f/ c&pf a,a[m0gbk & m;ocif *sL;bmom ,mefbmom,kHMunfrIt& God bk&m;ocif[m jzpf a y:vmyk H vlt Y jzpfu& kd zdYk c&pfawmftoGi, f Nl yD; tysdKpifar&D tA&[rfeJY ZeD;BuD;qm&mwdkY&JUom;Zmw (Mary)&J U 0rf ; Mumwd k u f r S m oaE , l w ,f v k Y d (Isaac)uom;ES p f a ,muf z G m ;jrif w ,f / td q k qdkw,f/ a,moeJYar&D[m c&pfawmf(a,SK)udk (Esau) e J Y * s u f a u m h (Jacob) vdkYac:w,f/ aumif;pGmjyKpkNyD;? *sL;bmomxkH;pHtwdkif; a&ESpf tdqu k ae aygufzm G ;vmwJh rsdK;EG,r f sm;udk (,aeY r*FvmjyKay;Muw,f/ c&pfawmfu t&SifokH;yg; l &m;udk pwifa[mMum;w,f/ t&Sif ygvuf p wd k i f ; om;rsm;jzpf w ,f ) palestine vl bk&m;wpfqw rsd K ;vnf ; ac:ygw,f / *suf a umh ( Jacob) u ok H ; yg;qd k w m tbxm0&bk & m;ocif ( God) aygufzGm;vmwJh rsdK;EG,frsm;u *sL;rsm;jzpfw,f/ om;awmf(Son) 4if;a,Ic&pfudk,fwdkif? oefY bdk;awmftA&[rf vufcH&&SdwJh w&m;awmfudk &Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf(Holly Spirit )wdkYjzpfw,f/ qufvufxdef;odrf;wJh (Son of isreal)tpa&; *sL;awGu c&pfawmfudk olawmfpifwrefawmf \ om;aumif;rsm;vdkYac:wJh *sL;bmom0ifjzpf wpfyg;tjzpf vufcHMuygw,f/ 'gayrJh xm0 vmMuw,f / (Hebrew) [D ; Al ; vd k Y v nf ; ac: &bk&m;ocifu tysdKpifar&DAdkufxJudk0ifNyD; vl w,f/ *sL;bmomu c&pfawmfray:rDESpfaygif; om;toGif,lvmw,fqdkwm vkH;0vufrcHMu (2000)cefYu rsdK;aphwnfcJhNyD;? c&pfray:rD t ygbl;/ a,SKc&pfa[mMum;wJhw&m;awmfrsm;udk ESp( f 600)usrS ausmfMum;xif&m S ;vmw,f/ a, "r o pf u srf ; (c&pf 0 if ) (New testaments) vd k Y a[m0gbk&m;ocifu tA&[rfukd vufqifu h rf; ac:w,f / &S i f r J c&pf 0 if (Mathew)&S i f v k a[mMum;cJhw,fvdkY ,lqMuwJhw&m;awmfrSm um c&pf0if(Luke)vdkusrf;BuD;rsm;tyg usrf; ynwfawmf (613)ck&Sdw,f/ tJ'D(613)ckxJu aygif;(27)usrf;&Sdw,f/ c&pfawmf&JUt&SifokH;yg; aumuf E I w f N yD ; ? arma&S (Moses)u ynwf bk&m;wpfql0g'[m *sL;bmom "ra[mif;udk awmfq,fyg;a&;om;cJhw,f/ usrf;awGtaeeJY ausmd k ; jyKxm;wJ h ("r o pf ) c&pf , mef b mom ur m OD ; usrf ; - (Genesis)xG u f a jrmuf & musrf ; jzpfygw,f/ (Exodus) 0wf j yK&musrf ; - (Leviteus) wd k Y v d k rG w f q vif b momay:ayguf v myk H usrf ; BuD ; rsm;tyg(39)usrf ; &S d N yD ; ? *sL;bmom tA&[rfu 'kwd,ZeD;[m*&eJY om;BuD; usrf;rsm;jzpfw,f/ 'Dusrf;awGu c&pfawmfray:rD ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmapm &SdaeESifhNyD;? c&pf,mefbm tpar;vfwdkYudk ESifxkwfvdkufawmh tJukwKu om&J U "r a [mif ; usrf ; (Old testaments)vd k Y xGufcGmvm&ayr,hf 'kurawGU? olaumif;jyK olawGeJY MuKHawGU&w,f/ om;BuD;tpar;vfeJY ac:w,f/ 63

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uefom,mausmif;wdkuf MunfhjrifwdkifNrdKUe,f?&efukefwdkifa'oBuD;/ zHk;-01-500735/ 09-730-32213

qufoG,f&ef- OD;eErmvm(&efukef) 09-730-32213 OD;aomrmpm&(izJ) 09-332-55599 OD;auo0(rif;vS) 09-401-582874 OD;0dokw(awmifukwf) 09-421-724272 OD;okeE(atmifvH) 09-423-666595 OD;&d,(jynf) 09-423-710140 OD;ukrm&(aygufacgif;) 09-423-671361 OD;a0ykv(rEav;) 09-440-000924 OD;b'd,(oefvsif) 09-431-41866
68

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(1)a':cifMuL? rauG;wdkif;aq;kH0if;? rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (2) a':cifcifoef;? rauG;wdkif;aq;kH0if;? rauG;NrdKU-500d^ (3) a':qifhqifhatmif? rauG;wdkif;aq;kH0if;? rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (4) a':cifouf Edkif? rauG;wdkif;aq;kH0if;?rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (5) a':oef;oef;a|;? rauG;wdkif;aq;kH0if;? rauG;NrdKU1000d^ (6) a':cifol0if;? rauG;wdkif;aq;kH0if;?rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (7) OD;aygvIdif rdom;pk? pdefyef;NrdKifvrf;? vIdifom,m- 3000d^ (8) pdkif;pdk; rdk;atmif+rNzdK;NzdK;rGefausmf? aps;&yf? rauG;NrdKU500d^ (9) rjzLpifEdkif? &efa0;&yf? rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (10)Capt: pd; k Zif+rjrwfqp k o H ?l vrf;rawmfvrf;? tv,f&yf- 1000d^ (11) OD;Edi k 0 f if;+a':pd; k pd; k xGe; f ? orD;rMu,fpifaomf? od*gF &yf- 1000d^ (12) OD;cifarmifjrifh rdom;pk?&efa0;&yf?rauG;NrdKU- 1000d^ (13)rNidrf;oEmxl;? pdk;aumrif;&yf?rauG;NrdKU1000d^ (14) OD;oef;vS+a':wifwifa|;? acsmufNrdKU- 1000d^ (15) OD;pdef&ef+a':cifrmMunf? NrdKUa[mif;&yf? rauG;NrdKU- 1000d^ (16) OD;cspfOD;udkudk+OD;a0vGifOD;? MOB bPf- 1000d^ (17) OD;0if;jrifh rdom;pk? od*gF &yf? rauG;NrdKU- 2000d^ (18) OD;wifatmifausmf+rapmoEmOD;? aq;wuov kd ?f rauG;- 1000d^ (19) armif vif;xGe; f ? od*gF &yf? rauG;NrdKU- 1000d^ (20) OD;aZmf0if;vGi+ f a':prf;jrifc h sdK? pOfhul;NrdKU- 500d^ (21) OD;vSxGef;+ a':vStm;&nfpl; yGifhjzLNrdKU- 500d^ (22) rwifwifa|;? a&Tusif&Gm?rauG;wdkif;- 1000d^ (23) rqkjrwfvGif rdom;pk? qm;pnf&yf? rauG;NrdKU- 1000d^ (24) OD;rif;ausmo f + l rjrifo h ufci kd ?f atmifarwmvrf;? rauG;NrKd U- 1000d^ (25) OD;pef;Edi k + f a':jrifjh rif0 h if;? orD;r[efeDaZmf? &efukefNrdKU- 1000d^ pk p k a ygif ; =23500d ^ (1) rat;,k,koG,f? oD&daZ,smvrf;-1000d^ (2) OD;0if;pdef? izJNrdKU-1000d^ (3) a':ylwl;r? ewfarmufNrdKU-1000d^ (4) a':Nidrf;&if? av;tdrfwef;- 500d^ (5) rpEmat;?trf;NrdKU-1000d^ (6)a':cifcifOD;? rif;bl;NrdKU-1000d^ (7) a':rav;? a&Tyef;?NrdKUopfNrdKUe,f-1000d^ (8) a':oef; oef;jrif?h rauG;-1000d^ (9) rwifev D mxGe; f ? a&Tanmif(2)? rauG;NrdKU- 1000d^ (10) rvSoEmatmif? uefomxl;? rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (11) OD;armifarmifat;? aZmifcsrf;awmif? qifaygif0JNrdKU- 1000d^ (12) a':0if;0if;ar? od*Fgywjrm;vrf;? rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (13) oufEdkifaxG;? yGifhjzLNrdKU-1000d^ (14) cifoDwmxGef;? &efrsdK;Edkif(6)vrf;-1000d^ (15) OD;wifarmifxGef;+ra&Ta'gif;? uHhaumfvrf;? rauG;NrdKU-500d^ (16) rvif;vif;rm? olemjyKoifwef;ausmif;? rauG;NrdKU-500d^ (17) rvrif;rdkrdk? olemjyKoifwef;ausmif;?rauG;NrdKU-500d^ (18) OD;MunfGefY+a':0g0grdk;? orD;ar oZifEG,f?rauG;NrdKU1000d^ (19) OD;ausmfcif0if;+a':jrESif;cdkif? yckuLNrdKU-1000d^ (20)ukdaZ,smOD;+rcdkifrm&D?jrifom (22)vrf;?rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (21) Sistera':vSvSjrifh? wdkif;aq;kH?rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (22)rdbESpfyg; tm;&nfpl; a':csdKcsdKjynhf? uHomvrf;? rauG;NrdKU- 3000d^ (23) a':wifjr? om;OD;vSrdk;GefY? 70

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; orD;a':oef;aqG? wdkif;aq;kH-1000d^(24) a':wifpdk;[ef? wdkif;aq;kH?rauG;-2000d^(25) OD;ausmf aZ,sm? rif;vS&Jpcef;-20000d^ pk p k a ygif ; - 44500d ^
(1) OD;armifarmifOD;+a':wifpef;? wdkuf10^1 rauG;NrdKU-3000d^ (2) pef;oajyrdom;pk?jyifOD;vGif 2000d^ (3) OD;rif;pdk;+rjr? jyifOD;vGif-1000d^ (4) zdk;0taMumfpkH? jyifOD;vGif-1000d^ (5)vG,f tdwf(2)vkH;^ (6) OD;vlacsm+a':eDeD? jyifOD;vGif- 10000d^ (7) OD;ausmfaZm? txu? BuHcif;NrdKU -500d^ (8) OD;ausmfausmf+a':jrifhjrifhvIdif? wufaevzdeyfqdkif? &efukefNrdKU-1000d^ (9) OD;atmif Edkif0if;+a':oif;vJhrGef?&efukefNrdKU-10000d^ (10) OD;aZmfrdk;cdkif? crf;ywfNrdKU- 1000d^ (11) OD;BuD;dk+ a':cifrl rdom;pk? a&pBudKNrdKU- 3000d^ (12) OD;jrifhoef;ausmf+a':MuLMuLprf;? rif;bl;-1000d^ (13) a':odef;jrifh rdom;pk?(rif;oD[)rauG;NrdKU- 10000d^ (14) a':jrusif+tefwDi,fpmusuf0dkif;? &efukefNrdKU- 10000d^ (15) OD;aZmfatmif+a':EG,fEG,f? qifrif;eef;xdkufaq;vdyf? jrif;NcH-10000d^ (16) OD;aomrmpm&? ukef;jrifh&wemausmif;wdkuf? izJNrdKU- 10000d^ (17)a':vJhvJhaiG? &efukefNrdKU 1020d^ (18) OD;atmifa|;+a':MunfMunfa0? &efukefNrdKU- 1050d^ (19) OD;armifarmifxGef;+ a':at;at;oef;? a&Tpufawmf- 1000d^ (20) OD;ode; f vGi+ f a':ZifarvGi?f a&Tpufawmf- 1000d^ (21) a':jrwfaZmf? a&Tpufawmfab;rJO h ,smOf- 1000d^ (22) OD;ode; f a&T+a':cifpef;Munf? pHjy&Gm? yGijhf zLNrdKUe,f-500d^ (23) OD;ode; f rdom;pk? pHjy&Gm? yGijhf zLNrdKUe,f-500d^ (24) OD;wifaqmif+a':wifMunf? pHjy&Gm? yGifhjzLNrdKUe,f- 1000d^ (25) OD;wif+a':a&Trd? pHjy&Gm- 1000d^ pkpkaygif;- 81570d^ tef w D w l ; aumuf c H a y;aiG (pmtk y f 59) (1) OD;xGe; f atmifausmf? uav;-2000d^ (2) OD;aZmfrif;? jynfawmfom-2000d^ (3)OD;Munf0if;? pkaygif;tdrf,m-2000d^ (4) OD;cspfvIdif? NrdKUOD;-2000d^ (5) OD;oef;0if;? NrdKUOD;-2000d^ (6) OD;pH jrif?h ola|;uke; f -2000d^ (7) OD;vS'if+a':axG;axG;ausmf? 27^4? jynfawmfom? rauG;-2000d^ (8)r&nf&nfre G ?f aqmufvy k a f &;0if;?jynfawmfom-500d^ (9) OD;jroD? NrdKUr?td; k bdk 1000d^ (10) OD;oef;0if;? 'kHuyfuRef;-1000d^ (11) OD;atmifrif;ausmf? atmif&wem- 1000d^ (12) OD;jrifhaZmf? atmifcsrf;om- 1000d^ (13) OD;ausmf0if;? atmifr*Fvm- 1000d^ (14) OD;atmifjrif?h atmifarwm1000d^ (15) OD;cifarmif0if;? uHom-1000d^-(16) OD;rsdK;pef;? od*FgoD&d&yf-1000d^ (17)OD;atmif ausmfGefY? ausmufxdk;- 1000d^ (18)OD;cifarmifoef;? rif;uHBuD;-1000d^ (19) OD;wif0if;1000d^ (20) OD;jrifhjrwf-2000d^ (21)a':jrifhjrifha|;+OD;rif;Edkifatmif-2000d^ (22) OD;0if;jrifh+ a':oef;oef;qifh? uHjym;ta&SU&Gm?rauG;NrKdUe,f-2000d^ (23)apwem&SifwpfOD;-500d^ (24) OD;odef;ZH rdom;pk? ywjrm;aq;qdkif- 1000d^ (25) OD;atmifpdk; rdom;pk? ola|;ukef;&yf-2000d^pkpkaygif;= 35000d ^ 71

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; OD ; xG e f ; azaumuf c H a y;aiG (pmtk y f 63) (1) OD;xGe; f az?ukeo f nfBuD;?pukNrdKU-10000d^ (2) OD;aZmf0if;- 500d^ (3) rMunfa|;?vufcy k y f if -1000d^ (4) ra[rmausmf? a&Tacsmif;-500d^ (5) rGefYwif?ausmufyef;ukef;-300d^ (6) rNidrf;? ul&Gm-500d^ (7) OD;tkef;? tdkif;raus;&Gm- 1100d^ (8) roDwm? csif;ukef;- 1000d^ (9) OD;xGef; Munf?a':wif0if;? pukNrdKU-5000d^ (10) OD;0if;GefY?a':0if;armf? rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (11) OD;vS&if? ewfue k ; f - 1000d^ (12)OD;a|;atmif+a':wifjrif& h ?D puk- 5000d^ (13) OD;ayguf? rkwc f a J us;&Gm -500d^ (14) udkrsdK;rif;pdk;+roJ? puk-2000d^ (15) OD;rif;armif+a':Orm? &Srf;pk- 2000d^ (16) OD;eD? trSwf(3)qGrf;avmif;pOf- 1000d^ (17) OD;atmifausmfpdk;? usD;uef- 500d^ (18) OD;cif oef;+a':vSvS? a&mifeDawmifwef;-2000d^ (19) ra0a0atmif? pukNrdKU- 1000d^(20) OD;armh ? pukNrdKU-1000d^ (21) armifxGef;vQH? rkef;pHausmif;om;av;? pukNrdKU- 300d^ (22) udkEdkifOD; aZmf+ rZmZmaxG;? pukNrdKU-1000d^ (23) OD;wifa&T+reef;wif?pukNrdKU-1000d^ (24)rvJhvJha&T? wuov kd a f usmif;ol? pukNrdKU-1000d^ (25) rtdrr hf L S ;a&T? e0rwef;ausmif;ol? pukNrdKU- 1000d^ pk p k a ygif ; - 40200d ^
OD;xGef;azaumufcHay;aiG (pmtkyf-86) (1) OD;oef;az? rdom;pk? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm- 1000d^ (2) OD;0if;armif? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm500d^ (3) OD;xGef;az? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm- 1000d^ (4) a':wl;wl;? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm1000d^ (5) OD;pdk;odef;+a':0if;Munf? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm- 1000d^ (6) a':BuD;pdef? awmausmif; ukef;&Gm-1000d^(7)OD;armifarmifBuD;+a':0if;jrifh?awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-1000d^ (8) OD;uG+a':tkef; Munf?awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-1000d^ (9) OD;uHwif+a':odef;EJGU? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm- 500d^ (10) OD;wifarmifpdk;+a':pef;pef;a|;?awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-1000d^ (11) OD;oef;a&T+a':dkMuD;?awm ausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (12) OD;ac:awm+a':oef;&Sif? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm 1000d^ (13) OD;ode; f ausmf+a':apmvS?awmausmif;uke; f &Gm-1000d^ (14) OD;wifarmifv+ S a':wl;? awmausmif;uke; f &Gm-500d^ (15) OD;at;armif+a':oef;Munf? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm- 1000d^ (16) OD;xGef;xGef;+ a':jzL0if; orD;aroZifxGef;?awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (17) OD;ausmfoef;+a':arT;? awm ausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (18) OD;cspfudk+a':pEmNidrf;?awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (19)OD;ausmf 0if;+a':Munfa|;? awmausmif;uke; f &Gm-1000d^ (20) OD;cspfpe d a f rmifEr S wpfp?k awmausmif;uke; f &Gm500d^ (21) OD;dkaoG;+a':cifaqG? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (22) OD;jrifhatmif+a':cifrma|;? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (23) OD;atmifEdkif0if;+a':cifrm&D? awm ausmif;ukef;&Gm-500d^ (24) OD;odef;vIdif+a':cifat;? awmausmif;ukef;&Gm- 500d^ (25) a':a&Trdrdom;pk? awmausmif;ukef; &Gm-500d^ pk p k a ygif ; - 18500d ^ 72

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; OD ; xG e f ; azaumuf c H a y;aiG (pmtk y f - 87) (1) OD;cefY+a':oef;pdef? awmausmif;ukef;(2)- 3000d^ (2) OD;mPfvif;+a':jrjr? awmausmif; ukef;(2)-500d^(3) OD;atmifqdkif+a':cif&D? awmausmif;ukef;(2)- 500d^ (4)OD;armifcsdK+a':at;jrifh? awmausmif;uke; f (2)-500d^ (5)OD;atmife G + Yf a':vS&if? awmausmif;uke; f (2)-1000d^ (6) a':pef;a0? awmausmif;uke; f (2)- 500d^ (7) OD;0BuD;+a':&mar? awmausmif;uke; f (2)- 1000d^ (8) OD;BudKifro d m;pk? awmausmif;uke;f (2)-500d^ (9) OD;0if;armif+a':NyKH;?awmausmif;uke;f (2)-10000d^ (10) OD;armif+a':&D? awmausmif;ukef;(2)- 500d^ (11) OD;odef;0if;+a':Munfatmif? awmausmif;ukef;(2)-1000d^ (12) a':jrwkwf? awmausmif;ukef;(2)- 1000d^ (13) OD;ausmf0if;+a':ESif;jr? awmausmif;ukef;(2)4000d^ (14) OD;atmifaz? awmausmif;ukef;(2)-500d^ (15) OD;atmif0if;+a':cifpef;at;? awm ausmif;uke; f (2) 500d^ (16) OD;rsdK;vif;+ra0a0OD;? awmausmif;uke; f (2)- 500d^ (17) uda k Zmfrif;xGe; f+ rcifa0? awmausmif;ukef;(2)-500d^ (18) a':r,fvsdK? awmausmif;ukef;(2)- 1000d^ (19) OD;ausmfvif;+a':wifwifEG,f? awmausmif;ukef;(2)- 500d^ (20) OD;odef;az+a':at;jrifh? awm ausmif;ukef;(2)- 500d^ pkpkaygif;,-28000d^ (OD;xGef;azaumufcHay;aiGpkpkaygif;- 86700d^)
OD ; tG r f a rmif ; aumuf c H a y;aiG - ajypmpmtk y f ( 65)pk p k a ygif ; -244600d ^ (1) OD;0if;MudKif+a':rmrm0if;? wdkuf(12^7)? jynfawmfom- 3000d^ (2)OD;cifarmif+q&mrvdef; iSdrf;ydkifrdom;pk?uefyufvuf-3000d^ (3) OD;oef;0if;? aqmufvkyfa&;ukrPD-5000d^ (4)OD;Edkifvif; (Mu,fwHcGef)?jynfawmfomwdkuf?rauG;-3000d^ (5) OD;qef;jrifha|;rdom;pk?trSwf(1^1)?jynfawmf omwdu k ?f rauG;- 1000d^ (6) OD;jrnD rdom;pk?trSw( f 9^8)?jynfawmfomwdu k ?f rauG;- 3000d^ (7) q&mawmfOD;0dokw? jrif;csDawmifawm&?rif;wyfNrdKUe,f-50000d^ (8) OD;edefcDG&Sdef;? cDG;&def&Gm? rif;wyfNrdKUe,f-10000d^ (9) OD;tGrfarmif;+a':aAGxkHrdom;pk? wdkuf(10^2)?jynfawmfom(vQyfppfrD; ylaZmf) 100000d^ (10)q&mra':Munfoef;rdom;pk? wdkuf(9^2)? jynfawmfom?rauG; 10000d^ (11)uG,v f e G o f O l ; D jrcdi k t f m;&nfp; l ? tefwE D ?k wdu k ( f 9^1)?jynfawmfom?rauG;-5000d^ (12) a':cifrm MuL(q&mrNidr; f )? NrdKUOD;&yf?rauG;-3000d^ (13) a':oif;oif;EG,?f NrdKUOD;&yf?rauG;-1000d^ (14)tefwD pef;rdom;pk? NrdKUOD;&yf? rauG;- 3000d^ (15) OD;ausmfpdef[ef rdom;pk? jynfawmfom&yf?rauG;3000d^ (16) OD;eef;NrdKifrdom;pk? jynfawmfom&yf?rauG;-2000d^ (17) OD;Munfpdef+a':cifa|;a|;? jynfawmfom&yf?rauG;-3000d^ (18) OD;atmifoef;rdom;pk? rif;oD[-10000d^ (19) a'gufwm OD;a|;+a':cifjrZifrdom;pk?uHom&yfuGuf?opmvrf;-10000d^ (20) OD;vSodef;+a':vSpdefrdom;pk? jynfawmfomwdkuf?(10^8)?rauG;-5000d^ (21) OD;odef;a&T+a':pef;&if rdom;pk? arwmaq;qdkif? &efyg,faps;- 1500d^ (22) OD;xde0 f if;+a':rrav;-2000d^ (23) OD;ausmfjrifx h e G ; f +a':oufoufE, G f rdom;pk? jynfawmfomwdkuf?2^7-3000d^ (24) OD;armifarmifrGef+a':apm,kMunfrdom;pk? jynf awmfomwdu k ?f 22^8- 3000d^ (25) a':wl;rdom;pk? jynfawmfomwdu k ?f 8^5?rauG;NrdKU-2100d^ 73

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ; q&mzk P f ; aumuf c H a y;aiG - ajypmpmtk y f ( 90) (1) OD;zkP; f armf+a':oif;oif;NyKH;? wdu k ( f 1^7)?jynfawmfom?rauG;- 10000d^ (2) armifausmf [de; f ? rauG; TU -2000d^ (3) OD;0if;jrifh;xGef;+a':Ormcdkif rdom;pk? rauG; TU - 3000d^ (4) r&Te; f vJz h P k ; f armf? wdu k ( f 1^7)? jynfawmfom- 3000d^ (5) a'gufwmausmfatmif+a':cifrsdK;oef?Y om;armif[efomaqG? rauG;TU- 3000d^ (6) OD;aomif;vIi d + f a':cifopfro d m;pk? uefom&yfuu G f 5000d^ (7) rarrDrDausmf?rcspfpkodrfh?raroZifudk? rauG;NrdKU- 500d^ (8) rcdkifoOmOD;? &Gmopf1000d^ (9)rjrwfqkatmif? rauG;-500d^ (10)rarolausmf?rauG;-1000d^ (11)a'gufwmxdef0if;? rauG;TU -5000d^ (12) OD;wifxGef;+a':vSvSa0? rauG;NrdKU-1500d^ (13) rtdcs,f&Da0?rauG;NrdKU1000d^ (14) rESif;ESif;at;?rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (15) r[efeDpkpH?rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (16) rcdkifZifvif;? rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (17)rNzdK;oD&drGef?jynfawmfomvrf;?rauG;NrdKU-15000d^(18) OD;cifarmif? atmifapwem?rauG;NrdKU-3000d^ (19)a'gufwmudu k E kd i kd + f a'gufwmopfopfaoG;? yGix hf e G ; f (1)a&Tqi kd f 10000d^ (20) OD;rif;vGi+ f a':,Of,Ofvi dI ?f yGix hf e G ; f a&Tqi kd f 5000d^ (21)OD;vGiu f + kd a':pd; k pd; k ? pHy,f&y d ?f rauG;NrdKU-3000d^ (22)a':ESif;ESif;NyKH;-a':vif;vif;NyKH;?wdkuf(3^8)?jynfawmfom-5000d^ (23)ra&T xifatmif?&efy,f?rauG;NrdKU-5000d^ (24)rcGef;oJGUzkPf;armf? wdkuf(1^7)?jynfawmfom?rauG;NrdKU 5000d^ (25) ratrDNzdK;?rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ pk p k a ygif ; - 91500d ^
OD ; omOD ; aumuf c H a y;aiG - ajypmpmtk y f ( 91) (1) OD;*sufjraomif;? jynfawmfomvrf;?rauG;NrdKU-500d^ (2) pd; k rd; k atmif? jynfawmfomvrf;? rauG;NrdKU-500d^(3) a':cifpef;a0? jynfawmfomvrf;?rauG;NrdKU- 1000d^ (4)ausmfrif;pdk;? uefom? rauG;NrdKU-3000d^ (5) rjrwfrGef+rpEm? uefom?rauG;NrdKU-1000d^ (6) udkwifa0+rat;Munf? uefomaps;?rauG;NrdKU-500d^ (7) OD;atmifausmfrdk;? uefom?rauG;NrdKU- 1200d^ (8) udkrif;rif; atmif+roDwm? om;armifoef;?&efausmf?rauG;-1000d^ (9) OD;jrifhnDnD+a':jrwfpk0if;?orD;r&Tef;vJh om? jyifOD;vGif-10000d^ (10) OD;bdkO? jynfawmfomwdkuf?rauG;-2000d^ (11) OD;0if;wifh? &efuif;?rauG;-3000d^ (12)OD;oef;&Se d ?f jynfawmfomwdu k ?f rauG;-3000d^ (13) OD;Zmenfatmif? jynfawmfomwdu k ?f rauG;-1000d^ (14) OD;tke; f a&T+a':Nidr; f Nidr; f ? jynfawmfomvrf;?rauG;-5000d^ (15) OD;bdkbdkZm? csdKNyKH;xrif;qdkif?rauG;NrdKU-3000d^ (16)udkpnfolatmif+ rcdkif0if;aZmf? Galaxy Internet-2000d^ (17) OD;vSjrifh+a':,Of,OfvS?jynfawmfomvrf;?jrifom&yf-2000d^(18),ldk xrif;qdkifrdom;pk-3000d^ (19)a':vSjrifh?jynfawmfomaps;?rauG;-2000d^ (20)roif;?jynf awmfomaps;?rauG;-500d^ (21)a':at;&D? jynfawmfomaps;?rauG;-500d^ (22)OD;tke; f jrif+ h a':EkEa k 0? uefom(18)vrf;-1000d^ (23) a':tdtdacsm?a':oZif? om;vif;jynhfatmif?uefom(18)vrf;1000d^ (24)OD;armifpdk;+rcdkifa&T0g? jynfawmfomvrf;?uefom&yf?rauG;-1000d^ (25)OD;[def; vwf+a':cdkifa0vGif? jynfawmfomvrf;?jrifom&yf-1300d^ pk p k a ygif ; - 50000d ^ 74

csif ; a&mif N cnf Ak ' " r r * Z if ;


OD ; tG r f a rmif ; Ou | ? ur m at;(csif ; bk & m;)od k Y wpf O D ; csif ; tvS L &S i f r sm; (1) rcdkif0if;Edkif?rtdtdNzdK;? aps;awmif(2)vrf;?uGwfuGif;?jzL;-50000d^ (2) OD;uHMunf+ a':0if;MunfESifh armifESrwpfpk? uGwfuGif;-20000d^ (3) OD;atmifausmfausmf+a':tdcdkifvGif? izJvQyfppfrSL;- 10000d^ (4) OD;at;vGif+a':jrifhjrifhat;? trSwf(3)?rif;bl;- 10000d^ (5) OD;a0NzdK;vGif+a':EG,fEG,fvwf- 10000d^ pk p k a ygif ; - 100000d ^ pm&if;csKyf (u) Sistera':aAGxHk aumufca H y;aiG (43? 45? 46? 52)= 189570d^( c ) tefwx D ; l aumufca H y;aiG (59)= 35000d^ ( * ) OD;xGe; f azaumufca H y;aiG (63? 86? 87)= 86700d^ (C) OD;tGrfarmif;aumufcHay;aiG (65)=244600d^ ( i ) q&mzkPf;aumufcHay;aiG (90)=91500d ^ ( p ) OD ; omOD ; aumuf c H a y;aiG (91)=50000d ^ (q)wpf O D ; csif ; tvS l a iG (OD;tGrfarmif;xH)=100000d^ pk p k a ygif ; = 797370d ^ ref;a&Tpufawmf? urmat;(csif;bk&m;)a&ueftvSL&Sif vlysHawmfywjrm;(&efukef) ODoe d ; f aX;+a':oG,o f , G O f ; D ? orD;BuD;-a'gufwmMunfjzLode; f aX;? om;BuD;-armifxufO; D ? orD;vwf-r,keEmatmif? om;i,f-armifaumif;jrwf? ajr;-MunfE; l o'gxuf rdom;wpfpkaumif;rI/

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77

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79

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