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CHEM 161-2007

CHAPTER 4B - CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS


PRACTICE PROBLEMS
DR. ED TAVSS

Oxidation-Reduction Rxns

Oxidation-Reduction Rxns
3.

Chem 161-2007 Final exam


Hill, Petrucci et al.
CHAPTER 4B - CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Oxidation-Reduction Rxns

Consider the following oxidation-reduction reaction:


CH4(g) + NO2(g) N2(g) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)
Which of the following statements is true about the reaction above?
A. N2 is the oxidizing agent.

B. CH

is the reducing agent.


C. O is reduced.
D. N is oxidized.
E. H2O is reduced.
4

Determine the oxidation numbers of each element:


-4 +1
+4 -2
0
+4 -2
+1 -2
C H4(g) + N O2(g) N2(g) + C O2(g) + H2 O(l)
Oxidation is an increase in oxidation number. Since C went from -4 to +4, it was
oxidized.
Reduction is a reduction in oxidation number. Since N went from +4 to 0, it was
reduced.
A. False. Since the C in CH4 was oxidized, then NO2 is the oxidizing agent.
Furthermore, oxidizing and reducing agents are always reactants, not products.
B. True. Since the N in NO2 was reduced, then CH4 is the reducing agent.
C. False. N was reduced.
D. False. C was oxidized.
E. False. H2O is a product. Only reactants are oxidized or reduced.

7 Chem 161-2007 Exam I


Hill, Petrucci et al., 4th edition
Chapter 4B - Chemical Reactions In Aqueous Solutions
Oxidation-Reduction Rxns
In which of the following processes involving nitrogen compounds, does the nitrogen atom get
oxidized?
X.

NO2 NO2-

Y.

HNO3 NO3-

Z.

NH3 NO

A. X only
B. X and Y only

C.

Z only
D. Y and Z only
E. X, Y and Z
X
-4
X
-4
N
O2

N
O2X4=0
X 4 = -1
X = +4
X = +3
Oxidation is an increase in oxidation state. In this reaction the oxidation state of N decreased.
+1
X
-6
X
-6
H
N
O3

N
O3+1 + X -6 = 0
X - 6 = -1
X = +5
X = +5
This is no change in oxidation state of any atom; therefore, the nitrogen was not oxidized.
X
+3
X
-2
N
H3

N
O
X+3=0
X2=0
X = -3
X = +2
The oxidation state of N increased; therefore, this process involves oxidation.

21 Chem 161-2007 Exam I


Hill, Petrucci et al., 4th edition
Chapter 4B - Chemical Reactions In Aqueous Solutions
Oxidation-Reduction Rxns
3Cu(s) + 8H+(aq) + 2NO3-(aq) 3Cu2+(aq) + 2NO(g) + 4H2O()
Which of the following statements are true?
X.
Y.
Z.

Cu(s) acts as an oxidizing agent


The oxidation state of nitrogen changes from +5 to +2
Hydrogen ions are oxidized to form H2O()

A. X only

B.

Y only
C. Z only
D. X and Y only
E. Y and Z only
0
3Cu(s) +

+1
8H+(aq) +

+5 -2
2NO3-(aq)

+2
3Cu2+(aq)

+2 -2
2NO(g) +

+1 -2
4H2O(l)

X. False. The Cu(s) is oxidized (oxidation number increases), so it is a reducing agent.


Y. True. The oxidation state of N changes from +5 to +2.
Z. False. The hydrogen ions maintain an oxidation state of +1. Therefore, they are not
oxidized.

46 Chem 161-2006 Final Exam


Chapter 4 Chemical Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

In the reaction 5H+(aq) + 4CrO42-(aq) + 3CH3OH(aq) 2Cr2O3(s) + 3HCOO-(aq) +


7H2O(l), identify the reducing agent.
A. CrO42-

B.

CH3OH
C. Cr2O3
D. HCOOE. H+
+1
+6 -2
-2 -2 +1
+3 -2
+1 +2 -2
+1 -2
5H+(aq) + 4CrO42-(aq) + 3CH3OH(aq) 2Cr2O3(s) + 3HCOO-(aq) + 7H2O(l)
+6 -8
-2 -2 +4
+6 -6
+1 +2 -4
+2 -2
A reducing agent is oxidized. Oxidation is an increase in oxidation number (OXION).
Carbon went from -2 in the reactant to +2 in the product, so it was oxidized, and the
CH3OH is the reducing agent.

1 Chem 161-2006 Final Exam


Chapter 4 Chemical Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

Sulfur cannot be further oxidized in which of the following compounds?


A. SO2
B. H2SO3
C. H2S2
D. H2S

E.

H2SO4

The group number is the highest possible oxidation state for any of the main group
elements. For sulfur it is +6.
A. SO2
Oxidation state of S: -4 + X = 0; X = +4.
B. H2SO3
Oxidation state of S: +2 +X -6 = 0; X = +4
C. H2S2
Oxidation state of S: +2 + 2X = 0; X = -1
D. H2S
Oxidation state of S: +2 + X = 0; X = -2

E.

H2SO4

Oxidation state of S: +2 + X -8 = 0; X = +6

CHEM 161-2006 EXAM II


HILL & PETRUCCI CHAPTER 4
TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS

16. A pill containing iron as Fe2+ ions, reacts with KMnO4, (source of MnO4-), in the reaction:
5Fe2+(aq) + MnO4-(aq) + 8H+(aq) 5Fe3+(aq) + Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O()

All the iron in the pill reacts completely with 19.2 mL of 0.0120 M KMnO4. Calculate the mass of iron in the
pill.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

18.2 mg
41.7 mg
36.4 mg
82.8 mg

(e)

64.3 mg

5Fe2+(aq) +
?g

MnO4-(aq) + 8H+(aq) 5Fe3+(aq) + Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O()


0.0192L
0.0120M

Plan: MMnO4- molMnO4- molFe2+ gFe2+ mgFe2+


(0.0120molMnO4-/LMnO4-) x (0.0192LMnO4-) x (5molFe2+/1molMnO4-) x (55.85gFe2+/molFe2+) x
(1mg/0.001g) = 64.3 mg Fe2+

CHEM 161-2006 EXAM II


HILL & PETRUCCI CHAPTER 4
TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION RXNS

3. In the reaction:
Cr2O72-(aq) + 6I-(aq) + 14H+(aq) 2Cr3+(aq) + 3I2(aq) + 7H2O()
(a) I gets reduced

(b)

Cr gets reduced
(c) H gets oxidized
(d) O gets reduced
(e) O gets oxidized
+6 -2
-1
+1
+3
0
+1 -2
2+
3+
Cr2O7 (aq) + 6I (aq) +
14H (aq) 2Cr (aq) + 3I2(aq) +
7H2O()
The oxidation number of Cr gets reduced from +6 to +3, so Cr is reduced.
The oxidation number of I gets increased from -1 to 0, so I is oxidized.
CHEM 161-2006 EXAM II
HILL & PETRUCCI CHAPTER 4
TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION RXNS

8. Which of the following reactions are oxidation-reduction reactions?


X. Cu(s) + 2Ag+(aq) 2Ag(s) + Cu2+(aq)
Y. CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g)
Z. Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq) AgCl(s)
(a) Y and Z only

(b)

X only
(c) X and Z only
(d) Z only
(e) X, Y, and Z
0
+1
0
+
X. Cu(s)
+
2Ag (aq)

2Ag(s)
The Cu is oxidized from an oxidation state of 0 to +2.
The Ag+ is reduced from an oxidation state of +1 to 0.
Therefore, this is an oxidation-reduction reaction.

+2
Cu2+(aq)

+2
+4 -2
+2
-2
+4
-2
2+
22+
2Y. Ca
(C O3) (s)

Ca
O (s) +
C
O2(g)
There is no change in the oxidation state of any atom. Therefore, this is not an oxidation-reduction reaction.
+1
-1
+1
-1
+
+
Z. Ag (aq) +
Cl (aq)
Ag
Cl-(s)
There is no change in the oxidation state of any atom. Therefore, this is not an oxidation-reduction reaction.

10

Chem 161-2005 Hourly Exam II


Chapter 4 Reactions and stoichiometry
Oxidation-Reduction reactions
In the reaction:
3Cu(s) + 2NO3- (aq) + 8H+(aq) 3Cu2+(aq) + 2NO(g) + 4H2O(l)
A. Cu is reduced
B. H is oxidized
C. NO3- is the reducing agent

D.

The nitrogen atom in NO3- is reduced


E. The O atom in NO3- is oxidized
0
+5 -2
+1
+2
+2 -2
+1 -2
3Cu(s) + 2 N O3- (aq) + 8H+(aq) 3Cu2+(aq) + 2 N O(g) + 4H2 O(l)
(A) Cu oxidation state goes up from 0 to +2; it is oxidized.
(B) H goes from +1 to +1; it is neither oxidized nor reduced.
(C) The N in the NO3- goes from +5 to +2; therefore, it is reduced; therefore, NO3- is the
oxidizing agent.
(D) The N in the NO3- goes from +5 to +2; therefore, it is reduced.
(E) The O atom in the NO3- goes from -2 to -2; therefore, it is neither oxidized nor reduced.

13

Chem 161-2005 Hourly Exam II


Chapter 4 Reactions and Stoichiometry
Oxidation-Reduction reactions
Which of the following reactions is an oxidation-reduction reaction?
W.
X.
Y.
Z.

Na(s) + Cl2(g) NaCl(s)


MgCl2(s) Mg2+(aq) + 2Cl-(aq)
P2O5(s) + 3H2O(l) 2H3PO4(aq)
Mg(s)+ 2H+(aq) H2(g) + Mg2+(aq)

A. W and Y only
B. X and Y only

C.

W and Z only
D. X and Z only
E. Y and Z only
0
0
+1 -1
W. Na(s) + Cl2(g) Na Cl(s)
One atom was reduced while another was oxidized. This is an oxidation-reduction
reaction.
+2 -1
+2
-1
2+
X.
MgCl2(s) Mg (aq) + 2Cl-(aq)
There were no changes in oxidation states; therefore, this is not an oxidationreduction reaction.
+5 -2
+1 -2
+1 +5 -2
Y. P2O5(s) + 3H2O(l) 2H3 P O4(aq)
There were no changes in oxidation states; therefore, this is not an oxidationreduction reaction.
0
+1
0
+2
+
Z. Mg(s)+ 2H (aq) H2(g) + Mg2+(aq)
One atom was reduced while another was oxidized. This is an oxidation-reduction
reaction.

43 Chem 161-2005 Final exam


CHAPTER 4 - REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
Oxidation-Reduction Rxns
Consider the following oxidation-reduction reaction:
SiCl4(l) + 2Mg(s) 2MgCl2(s) + Si(s)
Which of the following statements is true about the reaction above?
A. Si is the oxidizing agent.
B. SiCl4 is the reducing agent.

C.

Mg is oxidized.
D. MgCl2 is reduced.
E. Cl is the reducing agent.
-1
0
-1
0
Si Cl4(l) + 2Mg(s) 2MgCl2(s) + Si(s)
+4 -4
0
+2 -2
0
A. False. Although Si is reduced from an oxidation state of +4 to an oxidation state of 0, Si
is not the oxidizing agent. The convention is that the compound, not the element is the
agent. Therefore, The compound SiCl4 is the oxidizing agent.
B. False. SiCl4 is the oxidizing agent.
C. True. The Mg oxidation state went from 0 to +2. Therefore, it is oxidized.
D. False. Mg is oxidized, not reduced. Besides, only an atom is oxidized or reduced, not a
compound.
E. False. Cl is neither oxidized nor reduced; therefore it is neither an oxidizing nor a
reducing agent. Furthermore, only a compound, not an atom, is an agent.

29.

CHEM 161- 2004 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4 - REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
Consider the reaction: PbO(s) + CO(g) Pb(s) + CO2(g)
Which one of the following statements is correct?
A.
B.
C.

Oxygen in lead oxide is reduced


Carbon monoxide is the oxidizing agent
Oxidation-reduction is not involved in this reaction

10

D.
E.

Carbon in carbon monoxide is oxidized


Lead oxide is the reducing agent

Oxidation states: +2 -2
+2 -2
0
+4 -2
PbO(s) +
CO(g)
Pb(s)
+
CO2(g)
A. Incorrect. The oxygen in lead oxide is neither oxidized nor reduced.
B. Incorrect. For the CO to be the oxidizing agent, either the C or O has to be reduced.
However, neither is reduced. The C is oxidized and the O is neither oxidized nor
reduced.
C. Incorrect: Since the Pb is reduced and the C is oxidized, this is an oxidationreduction reaction.
D. Correct: In going from an oxidation state of +2 to an oxidation state of +4, the
carbon is oxidized. (When the oxidation state is reduced, the atom is reduced; when
the oxidation state increased, the atom is oxidized.)
E. Incorrect: For the PbO to be the reducing agent, either the Pb or O in PbO needs to
be oxidized, which didnt happen.

25.

Chem 162-2004 Hourly exam II


Chapter 4B - Reactions and Stoichiometry
Oxidation-Reduction reactions
The compound P4O6 may be chemically converted into a variety of other species by
processes X, Y, and Z outlined below.
X.
Y.
Z

P4O6 HPO32P4O6 PH3


P4O6 H3PO3

In which of these processes is phosphorus reduced?


A.
B.
C.
D.

X and Z only
X only
X, Y, and Z
Y and Z only

E.

Y only

Reduction is a reduction in oxidation state.


+3 -2 +1 +3 -2
X.
P4 O6 H P O324X -12 +1 X -6

11

4X - 12 = 0
X = +3

+1 +X -6 = -2
X = +3
+3 -2
-3 +1
Y.
P4 O6 P H 3
+4X -12
X +3

4X -12 = 0
X=3

X+3=0
X = -3
Z

4X -12 = 0
X = +3

+3 -2
+1 +3 -2
P4 O6 H3 P O3
4X -12
+3 X -6
+3 + X -6 = 0
X = +3

ZUMDAHL 5TH EDITION


CHEM 161-2002 RECITATION 5TH WEEK
CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS

4-57
Assign oxidation states for all atoms in each of the following
compounds.
a. KMnO4
K = +1
O = -2
+1 +X -(2x4) = 0
X = Mn = +7
b. NiO2
O = -2
X + (2 x -2) = 0
X = +4
12

d. (NH4)2HPO4
Two ways to do this:
(1) Straightforward according to the rules:
H = +1
O = -2
N = -3
(2 x (-3 + [4 x 1])) + 1 + X + (4 x -2) = 0
X = +5
(2) NH4 can be considered as a metal in group 1, with an oxidation
state of +1.
Therefore, since H = +1,
then N = -3
O = -2
2 x (-3 +[4 x 1]) + 1 + X -(2 x 4) = 0
X = P = +5

j. Na2C2O4
Na = +1
O = -2
(2 x +1) + 2X + (4 x -2) = 0
X = C = +3

13

ZUMDAHL 5TH EDITION


CHEM 161-2002 RECITATION 5TH WEEK
CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS

4-61 - Specify which of the following are oxidation-reduction


reactions, and identify the oxidizing agent, the reducing agent,
the substance being oxidized, and the substance being reduced.
-4 +1
0
+4 -2
+1 -2
a. CH4(g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(g)
This is an oxidation-reduction reaction because the oxidation
numbers change.
C increased from -4 to +4. Therefore CH4 was oxidized and is
a reducing agent.
O reduced from 0 to -2. Therefore O2 was reduced and is an
oxidizing agent.
+6 -2
-2 +1
+6 -2
+1 -2
c. Cr2O72-(aq) + 2OH-(aq) 2CrO42-(aq) + H2O(l)
This is not an oxidation-reduction reaction because the
oxidation state of none of the elements changed.
+1 -1
+1 -2
0
e. 2H2O2(l) 2H2O(l) + O2(g)
This is an oxidation-reduction reaction because the oxidation
numbers change. This particular case is called disproportionation.
O increased from -1 to 0. Therefore H2O2 was oxidized and is
a reducing agent.
14

O reduced from -1 to -2. Therefore H2O2 was reduced and is an


oxidizing agent.
CHEM 161-1998 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS
CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
12. All the reactions below are oxidation-reduction reactions except
A. 6 CO2(g) + 6 H2O(l) C6H12O6 + 6 O2(g)
B. 2 Mg(s) + O2(g) 2 MgO(s)
C. Zn(s) + 2 HCl(aq) ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g)

D. CaO(s) + CO (g) CaCO (s)


2

E. 2 HgO(s) 2 Hg(l) + O2(g)


CHEM 161-1998 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS
CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
48. Choose the statement that is incorrect with regard to the reaction:
2 H2S(g) + SO2(g) 3S(s) + 2 H2O(l)
A. Sulfur in H2S is oxidized.
B. Sulfur in SO2 is reduced.
C. The oxidation number of oxygen does not change.

D. The oxidation number of hydrogen does change.


E. The equation is correctly balanced.
CHEM 161-1999 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS
CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
15. What is the reducing agent in the following reaction?
S03 + H2O -> H2S04
A. SO3
B. H2O
C. H2S04
D. S in S03
E. Nothing is oxidized or reduced.
11.

CHEM 161-2000 EXAM 2


CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION
STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
Which of the following equations represent oxidation-reduction reactions?

15

W.

2Na(s) + Cl2(g) 2NaCl(s)

X.
Y.
Z.

CaCl2(s) Ca2+(aq) + 2Cl-(aq)


CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g)
2Al(s) + Fe2O3(s) 2Fe(s) + Al2O3(s)

A.

X and Y only

B.

W and Z only
Y and Z only
X and Z only
W and Y only

C.
D.
E.

CHEM 161-2000 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
44. Which one of the following statements is correct regarding the equation below?
N2O4(g) + 2N2H4(g) -> 3N2(g) + 4H2O(g)
A.
B.
C.
D.

E.

N2O4 is reduced to N2.


N2H4 is oxidized to N2.
N2O4 is the oxidizing agent.
N2H4 is the reducing agent
Circle this answer if all the other choices are correct.

CHEM 161-2001 EXAM II + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
25.
Which of the following equations are oxidation-reduction reactions?
W.
X.
Y.
Z.

N2O3(g) + H2O(l) -> 2HNO2(aq)


Pb2+(aq) + 2I-(aq) -> PbI2(s)
PCl3(g)+ Cl2(g) -> PCl5(g)
2H2(g) + O2(g)-> 2H2O(l)

A. W and Y only
B. W and X only
C. W and Z only
D. X and Z only

E.

Y and Z only

Answer: E
Oxidation No.

+3 -2

+1 -2

+1 +3 -2
16

N2 O3(g) + H2 O(l) -> 2H N O2(aq)


No changes in oxidation number.
+2
-1
+2 -1
Pb2+(aq) + 2I-(aq) -> Pb I2(s)
No changes in oxidation number.
+3 -1
0
+5 -1
P Cl3(g) + Cl2(g) -> P Cl5(g)
Phosphorous is oxidized; chlorine is reduced
0
0
+1 -2
2H2(g) + O2(g)-> 2H2 O(l)
Hydrogen is oxidized; oxygen is reduced.

CHEM 161-2001 SUMMER FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
14. In the reaction 4NH3 + 6NO -> 5N2 + 6H20, which is the reducing agent?
A. NO
B. N2
C. H2O

D. NH

E. None, this isn't a redox reaction.


CHEM 161-2001 SUMMER-EXAM I + ANSWERS
ZUMDAHL CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION
STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
11. In the following oxidation-reduction reaction, which substance is the oxidizing agent?
CuS(s) + HNO3(aq) Cu(NO3)2(aq) + H2O(l) + NO(g) + S(s)
A. CuS
B. S
C. NO

D. HNO

E. H2O

17

7.

CHEM 161-2002 EXAM II + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION
STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
Which of the following equations are oxidation-reduction reactions?
X.
SO2(g) + H2O(l) H2SO3(aq)
SO2: (X + (2 x -2)) = 0; X = +4; O = -2, and S = +4
H2O: ((2 x 1) + X) = 0; X = -2; H = +1, and O = -2
H2SO3: ((2 x 1) + (3 x -2) + X) = 0; X = +4; H = +1, and O = -2, and S = +4
There is no change in oxidation state of any atom in going from the left side of the
equation to the right side; therefore, this is not an oxidation-reduction reaction.
Y.

2Ag(s) + Cl2(g) 2AgCl(s)

Ag: Ag = 0
Cl2: Cl = 0
AgCl: -1 + X = 0; X = +1; Cl = -1, and Ag = +1
Ag changed from 0 to +1; Cl changed from 0 to -1. This is an oxidation-reduction
reaction.
Z.
+

Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq) AgCl(s)

Ag : Ag = +1
Cl-: Cl- = -1
AgCl: (-1 + X) = 0; X = +1; Ag = +1, and Cl = -1
There is no change in the oxidation state of Ag or Cl in going from the left side of the
equation to the right side. Therefore, this is not an oxidation-reduction reaction.
A.
B.
C.

X and Y only
X only
X, Y, and Z

D.

Y only
Z only

E.
20.

CHEM 161-2002 EXAM II + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION
STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
In which of the following molecules or ions does nitrogen have an oxidation state of +3?
A.
NH4+
(4 x +1) + X = +1
X = N = -3
B.

NH3
18

(3 x +1) + X = 0
X = -3
C.
NO2
(2 x -2) + X = 0
X = +4

D.

NO2
(2 x -2) + X = -1
X = +3
-

E.
NO3
(3 x -2) + X = -1
X = +5
CHEM 161- 2002 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS
CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
44.
Consider the reaction: Fe2O3(s) + 3H2(g) 3H2O(l)+ 2Fe(s)
Which one of the following statements is correct?

A.
B.
iron
C.
agent.
D.
E.

Hydrogen is getting oxidized.


Correct. If the oxidation state goes up, it is oxidized. It went up from 0 to +1. See
equation and oxidation states below.
This is not an oxidation-reduction reaction.
False. If any oxidation state changes, it is an oxidation-reduction reaction. The
and the hydrogen oxidation states changed.
Fe2O3 is the reducing agent.
False. Iron is reduced; therefore, Fe2O3 is the oxidizing agent, not the reducing
Fe is getting oxidized.
False. The oxidation state was reduced from +3 to +0; therefore, Fe was reduced.
H2 is the oxidizing agent.
False. Hydrogen was oxidized; therefore, it was the reducing agent.
+3 -2

+1 -2

Fe2O3(s) + 3H2(g) 3H2O(l)+ 2Fe(s)

CHEM 161- 2002 FINAL EXAM + ANSWERS


19

CHAPTER 4 - TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY


OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
50.
Which of the following oxidation states is correctly identified?
+5 -2

X. nitrate ion: nitrogen is +6


Y. chromate ion: chromium is +6
Z. sulfate ion: sulfur is +6
A.
B.
C.
D.

E.

20.

NO3+6 -2

CrO42+6 -2

SO42-

X, Y and Z
X and Y only
X only
X and Z only
Y and Z only

CHEM 161-2003 EXAM II + ANSWERS


CHAPTER 4-TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS & SOLN STOICHIOMETRY
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS
Which of the following equations are oxidation-reduction reactions?
X.
Y.
Z.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

N2O3 + H2O 2HNO2


Fe2O3 + CO CO2 + 2FeO
CaCO3 CaO + CO2

Y only
X only
X, Y, and Z
Y and Z only
X and Y only

+3 -2 +1 -2 +1 +3 -2
N2O3 + H2O 2H N O2
No change in oxidation number of any atom; therefore not an oxid-red reaction.
+3 -2 +2 -2 +4 -2
+2 -2
Fe2O3 + C O CO2 + 2Fe O

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The Fe and the C oxidation states changed. Therefore, this is an oxid-red reaction.
+2 +4 -2 +2 -2 +4 -2
Ca C O3 CaO + C O2
No change in oxidation number of any atom; therefore not an oxid-red reaction.

22.

Chem 161-2003 Final exam


Chapter 4 - Reaction types: stoichiometry
Oxidation-reduction reactions
In the reaction: Cu(s) + 2NO3-(aq) + 4H+(aq) Cu2+(aq) + 2NO2(g) + 2H2O(l)
A.

There is no oxidation or reduction taking place

B.

Two elements change oxidation numbers


H+ is the oxidizing agent.
Cu is the oxidizing agent.
Three elements change oxidation numbers

C.
D.
E.

Following the rules for oxidation numbers, the oxidation numbers are listed above the
chemicals:
0
+5 -2
+1
+2
+4 -2
+1 -2
Cu(s) + 2NO3 (aq) + 4H+(aq) Cu2+(aq) + 2NO2(g) + 2H2O(l)
A. Oxidation-reduction does take place as evidenced by the change in oxidn numbers.
B. The Cu and N change oxidation numbers.
C. NO3- is the oxidizing agent.
D. Cu is the reducing agent.
E. Only two elements change oxidation numbers.

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