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RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Introduction:
Research is a systemized effort in gain knowledge. It can also be referred to as the search of knowledge. Research methodology is a technique used to systematically solve a research problem. It helps the researcher to know which research method and analysis could be utilized to bring out a possible solution for a research problem. The researcher should know why a particular technique to the pro ect.

1. Research Design:
Research design acts as the blueprint for the research by using this framework the researcher moves step by step in to the research process. It constitutes the basic forms for the collection! measurement and analysis of data. Research design stands fro the advanced planning of the methods to be adopted for collection of relevant data. "oreover it e#plains about the techniques to be used in the analysis! keeping in view the ob ective of the research and availability of staff! time and money. This research design was selected based on the ob ective on the study and keeping in mind the time and availability of recourses for the research. 1.1. T !e o" Research Design: The type of research design used in this pro ect was the descriptive research. $ecause! it helps to describe the characteristics of a particular group of people! working within a company. The characteristics of a work group may differ in many ways in different companies. %ach group may have separate reasons for e#hibiting such characteristics within the company. The descriptive study was carried out to seek these reasons. &areful design of descriptive studies was necessary to ensure the complete interpretation of the situation and to ensure minimum bias in the collection of data.

#. Sa$!%ing Design:
'ample design lays down all the details to be included in a sample. It is a definite plan for obtaining a sample from a given population.

#.1. Tota% &o!u%ation: The total population is ()* workers in 'RI +I',-. ',/-0/R "I11' 1T2 at Ra apalayam. #.#. Sa$!%e 'nit: 3orkers in 'RI +I',-. ',/-0/R "I11' 1T2 at Ra apalayam. / smallest non4divisible part of the population is called a unit. / unit should be well defined and should not be ambiguous. #.(. Sa$!%ing Techni)ue: The sampling technique used was the simple random sampling. It was the method by which each number of the population had a chance of being selected. #.*. Sa$!%e Si+e: / 'ample of 566 was taken from the workers. / finite subset of a population is a sample and the number of units in a sample is called its sample size. 7or the purpose of the study the data are collected 566 samples are been taken randomly!
in 'ri +ishnu 'hankar "ills 8rivate 1td! Ra apalayam.

(. Sources o" In"or$ation or Data


It is necessary for every research to have both primary data and secondary data! without which the research would be inefficient. In this research the primary data was collected by means of a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire inquiring various factors related to their 3elfare measures in 'ri +ishnu 'hankar "ills 1td! Ra apalayam. The secondary data was collected through company profile! ournals! websites and other databases of the company. /ll these data were helpful in carrying out the analysis.

*. Methods o" Data Co%%ection:


2ata collection is one of the most important aspects of research. 7or the success of any pro ect accurate data is very important and necessary. The information collected through research methodology must be accurate and relevant. In this 'tudy! I may collect data by taking 'urvey from ,R 9fficials and %#perts from 'ri +ishnu 'hankar "ills 1td! Ra apalayam and also use a fill4in fresh questionnaire to know the satisfaction level of workers opinion towards some welfare measures provided by the mill to its workers. Statistica% Too%s:
The statistical methods! which are used! for the research are: 8ercentage analysis &hi square test

&ercentage ana% sis: 8ercentage refers to a special kind of ratio. 8ercentages are used in making comparison between two or more series of data to desirable the relationship percentages can also be used to compare the relative terms! the distribution of two or more series of data. -o.of.Respondents 8ercentage ;<= > 4444444444444444444444444444444 ?566 Total no of Respondents Chi s)uare ana% sis: &hi @ square test is a non4 parameter test. It is used most frequently in all research to test hypothesis. The test is similar in approach as A test. &hi4square test aims at determining whether significant difference e#ists among groups of data or whether the differences are due to sampling. &hi4 square test is similar to T testB both depend upon the degree of freedom involved. 3hen small number of degrees of freedom is involved! the distribution curve is greatly skewed. /s the number of degrees of freedom increases! the distribution curve becomes more symmetrical and resembles the normal curve.

;64%= * C* > D 4444444444 % 3here! 9 > 9bserved frequency % > %#pected frequency ,o> -ull hypothesis ,5>/lternate hypothesis