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GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION


(ADVANCED LEVEL)

GRADES 12 & 13


ENGLISH SYLLABUS
(Effective from 2009)


Department of English
National Institute of Education












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1.0 Introduction

This syllabus has been designed in order to develop advanced skills in the use of the English Language and an appreciation of and
critical response to its Literature. Students are expected to use English accurately and effectively to express their opinions and views.
The syllabus comprises two parts in which Part -1 will be based on prescribed texts and Part- 11 will be on production and response
to different registers, comprising essay prcis, and unseen passages.

Students will have to study Language in both grades 12 and 13. Prescribed texts could be done according to the guidelines given
below. The order proposed for the subject content is only a suggestion. Teachers need to prioritize the order of the texts according to
the requirements in teaching. Of the four plays prescribed, any two could be taught. Of the Novels too, any two could be taught while
all the Short Stories and all the Poems have to be taught.

2.0 Aims and Objectives of the Subject

This syllabus aims to give candidates the opportunity to:
a. engage with and respond to literary experience
b. develop a critical appreciation of the writers craft through close textual study and through wide reading
c. explore through literature their own cultures and those of other societies.
d. explore literature as a means of emotional and intellectual growth.

After following this syllabus candidates will be expected to demonstrate
a. a first-hand knowledge of the texts
b. the ability to communicate with sensitivity and informed personal responses
c. the ability to demonstrate some understanding and appreciation of authors uses of characterization, narrative , plot, setting
and language
d. understanding of form and poetic devices used to communicate the literary experience.


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Proposed term-wise breakdown of the syllabus






























Grade Term Scheme of Work Periods



Midsummer Nights Dream/ Othello, Great Expectations, The Open Window
1 Poetry - Nos. 1 4 on page 4. 100
Essay, Prcis, Comprehension of unseen passages



Midsummer Nights Dream/ Othello, Sense and Sensibility, The Boarding House
12 Poetry - Nos. 5 8 on page 4.
2 Essay, Prcis, Comprehension of unseen passages 100


Waiting for Godot, Sense and Sensibility, Professional Mourners
Poetry - Nos. 9 14 on page 4.
3 Essay, Prcis, Comprehension of unseen passages 100




The Seagull, J ulys People, A Temporary Matter
Poetry - Nos. 1 3 on page 11
1 Essay, Prcis, Comprehension of unseen passages 100




13 The Sea Gull, Julys People, Hills Like White Elephants
2 Poetry - Nos. 4 7 on page 11 100
Essay, Prcis, Comprehension of unseen passages




The House of Bernada Alba, The Road fromElephant Pass, Action and Reaction
Poetry -Nos. 8 11 on page 11
3 Essay, Prcis, Comprehension of unseen passages 100


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Competency Competency Level Subject content Periods
Part I

1. Identifies and analyses
themes, literary techniques
and the use of language in
creating different levels of
meaning.

























. 1.1 Understands the concept of
theme and knowing the different
literary techniques related to
different genres
1.2 Becomes aware of the special
use of language in the literary
text/s set for study

1.3. Identifies themes in selected
context through experiential
learning.

1.4 Recognizes literary techniques
in the texts selected for study
1.5. Analyzes themes in the
selected context and relates
techniques to the development
of the themes.

1.6. Examines how the themes are
developed in the structure of
the texts selected for study.

1.7. Evaluates the overall effect
created by the use of language
and literary techniques.

Drama
Students are required to show a critical
understanding of at least two plays out of
the four prescribed for the two grades.

William Shakespeare - A Midsummer
Nights Dream or Othello
Samuel Beckett - Waiting for Godot

Novel
Students are required to show a critical
understanding of at least two novels out of
the four prescribed for the two grades.

The length and complexity in the novels
should be taken into account when making
the selection for the final year.
Charles Dickens - Great Expectations
J ane Austen - Sense and Sensibility

Short Stories
Students are required to study all the short
stories
Saki - The Open Window
J ames J oyce - The Boarding House
Alagu Subramaniam - Professional
Mourners



60 Periods

According to the needs
and level of the
students, these can be
adjusted by the teacher
as needed.



60 Periods










40 Periods








3.0 Syllabus
3.1 Grade 12
5

2. Recognize the basic
characteristics of different
literary genres.















3. Responds to and engage
with the texts in relation to
imagery, ideas, emotions,
attitudes, contexts etc.









2.1. Knows the different
genres and recognizes
their main features
2.2. Relates these features to
the context selected for the
study.
2.3. Traces these features in
the context selected for the
study
2.4. Examines unique features
in the particular text in
relation to the genre/
correspondingly examine
lapses if any
2.5. Examines how the
unique features enrich
the text/ weakens it
3.1. Understands the concept
of imagery (how objects in
the world are transformed
to images in literature)
3.2. Knows the terminology
and recognizes different
kinds of imagery as :
a) Sensory : e.g.
visual, auditory,
olfactory, gustatory,
tactile


Poetry
Students are required to study all the poems.
1. William Shakespeare- My mistress eyes
(Sonnet 130),
2. William Shakespeare- When my love
swears that she is made of truth (Sonnet
138)
3. J ohn Donne- The Good-Morrow,
4. J ohn Donne- Song (Go and catch a
falling star)
5. George Herbert - Avarice
6. J ohn Dryden - Extract from Absalom &
Achitophel (Portrait of Zimri lines 543-
568)
7. Alexander Pope - Extract from The
Rape of the Lock (Canto lines 1-26)
8. William Blake - The Tiger
9. J ohn Keats - Ode to a Nightingale
10. PercyBysshe Shelley-To a Skylark
11. Alfred Lord Tennyson - Extract from
Morte D Arthur (lines 239-264)
12. Gerard Manley Hopkins - Felix Randal
13. Emily Bront Remembrance (Cold in
the earth
)
14. Wilfred Owen - Disabled



40 Periods
6











4 Develops a personal
response to a text through
critical thinking and analysis.











5 Uses English accurately to
express opinions and
views effectively.


b) Literary devices
e.g. simile,
metaphor ,symbol
3.3. Understands the
relationship between image
and effect.
3.4. Analyzes and responds to
the effect created by the
imagery in terms of ideas,
emotions and attitudes

4.1. Uses parameters mentioned
above to analyze selected
texts and empathize with
contexts, characters,
emotions/ attitudes
4.2. Relates the ideas/ emotions
and attitudes generated by the
text to ones personal
experience/ world knowledge.
4.3. Scrutinizes them in relation to
ones own reality /
understanding of the world.


5.1. Develops language skills for
appreciation
5.2. Develops essay writing skills


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Competency Competency Level Subject content Periods
Part II

6. Selects the relevant content
required for a given topic






7. Presents relevant aspects
/issues/episodes connected to the
topic



8. Discusses substantiates and
illustrates points of view.





9. Analyses and comments on the
selected topic






6.1 Understands the
question/theme/topic
6.2. Accesses materiel related to topic
63. Recalls, produces material related
to the topic


7.1. Prioritises aspects/issues episodes
7.2. Selects a framework for
presenting the material
7.3. Organizes the material


8.1 Sees context from different points
of view
8.2. Selects linguistic / structural form
for different points of view
8.3. Relates the different points of
view to a central stand point.

9.1. Looks at the topic from different
perspectives.
9.2. Understands the background for
the difference in the point of
view.


Essay
Students are required to write on one
of several given topics covering a
wide range, allowing for logical
argument and debate, presentation of
facts, expression of individual
opinions and creative writing from
personal experience.

Prcis

Students are expected to
comprehend a passage of reasonable
length (550-575) words and express
the meaning, the gist, coherently,
clearly and economically using
newspapers, magazines relating to
definite issues, and articles of
similar length on issues of general
interest for classroom teaching.

Comprehension of unseen
passages

Prose passages and poetry should be
used for this. Prose passage could be
fiction or nonfiction and one of
poetry will be given. Students would
100 periods










8






10. Writes accurately and use
appropriate structure and
vocabulary











11. Paraphrase where necessary in his
/her own words









9.3. Analyzes the topic from different
points of view giving examples
9.4. Interprets the different points of
view


10.1 Writes with appropriate
structures

10.2 Uses correct grammatical
structures

10.3Uses appropriate vocabulary with
nuances where necessary

10.4 Selects structures and writes clear
grammatical prose carrying the
tempo of thought and feeling

11.1 Recognizes words and word
groups that need explanation in
context
11.2. Restates in simple language
without affecting the meaning.
11.3. Writes clearly grammatically
correct prose




be required to respond to nuances,
connotations, denotations, and
specific use of language, express
appreciation of varied experiences
and show ability to perceive human
issues and values.
9
12. Employs appropriate structures to
summarize while retaining the
meaning





13. Responds to different levels of
meaning







14. Makes inferences correctly, and
read insightfully












12.1 Avoids repetition and
illustration in explaining
complex phrases and words
12.2. Uses deletion and construction
effectively.
12.3. Avoids ambiguity


13.1 Becomes aware of many levels
of meaning.
13.2. Identifies words, phrases
belonging to different fields
13.3. Sees the relationship among
these words and phrases to
create other alternative meaning


14.1. Observes the presence of the
unstated
14.2. Identifies the significance of
implied meanings in the
unstated.
14.3. Interprets the unstated plausibly








10

15. Recognizes the main features of
prose and poetry





16. Identifies and analyses literary
techniques in prose and poetry













15.1. Identifies the physical features of
prose and poetry.
15.2. Observes differences within
each genre prose, poetry
15.3. Responds to the authors
selection of a particular subclass
within the main genre.


16.1 Identifies the literary techniques
by name
16.2. Understands the significance of
a particular technique and its
impact.
16.3. Evaluates the technique within
the process of production/
creation











11

Competency Competency Level Subject content Periods
Part I
1. Identifies and analyses
themes, literary techniques
and the use of language in
creating different levels of
meaning.
























. 1.1 Understands the concept of
theme and knowing the different
literary techniques related to
different genres
1.2 Becomes aware of the special
use of language in the literary
text/s set for study

1.3. Identifies themes in selected
context through experiential
learning.

1.4 Recognizes literary techniques
in the texts selected for study
1.5. Analyzes themes in the
selected context and relates
techniques to the development
of the themes.

1.6. Examines how the themes are
developed in the structure of
the texts selected for study.

1.7. Evaluates the overall effect
created by the use of language
and literary techniques.

Drama
Students are required to show a critical
understanding of at least two plays out of
the four prescribed for the two grades.

Anton Chekov The Seagull
Federico Garcia Lorca The House of
Bernada Alba

Novel
Students are required to show a critical
understanding of at least two novels out of
the four prescribed for the two grades.


Nadine Gordimer Julys People
Nihal De Silve The Road from Elephant
pass

Short Stories
Students are required to study all the short
stories
J humpa Lahiri A Temporary Matter
Ernest Hemingway Hills Like White
Elephants
Chithra Fernando - Action and Reaction



60 Periods

According to the needs
and level of the
students, these can be
adjusted by the teacher
as needed.




60 Periods










40 Periods






3.2 Grade 13
12


2. Recognize the basic
characteristics of different
literary genres.
















3. Responds to and engage
with the texts in relation to
imagery, ideas, emotions,
attitudes, contexts etc.








2.1 Knows the different genres
and recognizes their main
features
2.2 Relates these features to
the context selected for the
study.
2.3 Traces these features in the
context selected for the
study
2.4 Examines unique features
in the particular text in
relation to the genre/
correspondingly examine
lapses if any
2.5 Examines how the
unique features enrich
the text/ weakens it

3.1. Understands the concept
of imagery (how objects in the
world are transformed to
images in literature.
3.2. Knows the terminology
and recognizes different
kinds of imagery as :
a) Sensory : e.g. visual,
auditory, olfactory,
gustatory, tactile
Poetry
Students are required to study all the poems.

1. Robert Frost Mending wall
2. T.S. Eliot Preludes
3. Sylvia Plath Mirror
4. Gwendolyn Brooks My dreams,
my dreams, my works, must wait till
after hell
5. Edna St Vincent Millay- Feast
6. Nissim Ezekiel Night of the
scorpion
7. Derek Walcott - A Far Cry from
Africa
8. Sitakant Mahapatra Grandmother
9. Lakdasa Wikkramasinha The Poet
10. Angela de Silva ( Richard de
Zoysa)- Birds, beasts and relatives
11. Anne Ranasinghe At what dark
point



40 Periods
13











4 Develops a personal
response to a text through
critical thinking and analysis.










5 Uses English accurately to
express opinions and views
effectively.
b) Literary devices e.g.
simile, metaphor,
symbol
3.3. Understands the relationship
between image and effect.
3.4. Analyzes and responds to the
effect created by the imagery
in terms of ideas, emotions
and attitudes


4.1. Uses parameters mentioned
above to analyze selected
texts and empathizes with
contexts, characters,
emotions/ attitudes
4.2. Relates the ideas/ emotions
and attitudes generated by the
text to ones personal
experience/ world knowledge.
4.3. Scrutinizes them in relation to
ones own reality /
understanding of the world.

5.1. Develops language skills for
appreciation
5.2. Develops writing skills




14
Competency Competency Level Subject content Periods
Part II

6. Selects the relevant content
required for a given topic





7. Presents relevant aspects
/issues/episodes connected to the
topic



8. Discusses substantiates and
illustrates points of view.






9. Analyses and comments on the
selected topic







6.1 Understands the
question/theme/topic
6.2. Accesses materiel related to topic
63. Recalls, produces material related
to the topic


7.1. Prioritizes aspects/issues episodes
7.2. Selects a framework for
presenting the material
7.3. Organizes the material


8.1 Sees context from different points
of view
8.2. Selects linguistic / structural form
for different points of view
8.3. Relates the different points of
view to a central stand point.


9.1. Looks at the topic from different
perspectives.
9.2. Understands the background for
the difference in the point of
view.
9.3. Analyzes the topic from different
points of view giving examples

Essay
Students are required to write on one
of several given topics covering a
wide range, allowing for logical
argument and debate, presentation of
facts, expression of individual
opinions and creative writing from
personal experience.


Prcis

Students are expected to
comprehend a passage of reasonable
length (550-575) words and express
the meaning, the gist, coherently,
clearly and economically using
newspapers, magazines relating to
definite issues, and articles of
similar length on issues of general
interest for classroom teaching.








100 periods










15



10. Writes accurately and use
appropriate structure and
vocabulary








11. Paraphrase where necessary in his
/her own words







12. Employs appropriate structures to
summarize while retaining the
meaning





9.4. Interprets the different points of
view

10.1 Writes with appropriate
structures
10.2 Uses correct grammatical
structures
10.3 Uses appropriate vocabulary with
nuances where necessary
10.4 Selects structures and writes clear
grammatical prose carrying the
tempo of thought and feeling


11.1 Recognizes words and word
groups that need explanation in
context
11.2. Restates in simple language
without affecting the meaning.
11.3. Writes clearly grammatically
correct prose


12.1 Avoids repetition and
illustration in explaining
complex phrases and words
12.2. Uses deletion and construction
effectively.
12.3. Avoids ambiguity


Comprehension of unseen
passages

Prose passages and poetry should be
used for this. Prose passage could be
fiction or nonfiction and one of
poetry will be given. Students would
be required to respond to nuances,
connotations, denotations, and
specific use of language, express
appreciation of varied experiences
and show ability to perceive human
issues and values.
16
13. Responds to different levels of
meaning







14. Makes inferences correctly, and
read insightfully








15. Recognizes the main features of
prose and poetry










13.1 Becomes aware of many levels
of meaning.
13.2. Identifies words phrases
belonging to different fields
13.3. Sees the relationship among
these words and phrases to
create other alternative meaning


14.1. Observes the presence of the
unstated
14.2. Identifies the significance of
implied meanings in the
unstated.
14.3. Interprets the unstated plausibly




15.1. Identifies the physical features of
prose and poetry.
15.2. Observes differences within
each genre prose, poetry
15.3. Responds to the authors
selection of a particular subclass
within the main genre.





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16. Identifies and analyses literary
techniques in prose and poetry













16.1 Identifies the literary techniques
by name
16.2. Understands the significance of
a particular technique and its
impact.
16.3. Evaluates the technique within
the process of production/
creation


















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4.0 Teaching Learning process

Approach to Teaching Learning Process not only varies according to the genres but it also varies according to the nature of the
learner and the individuality of the teacher. The teacher should not try to impose his /her views on the students. Teaching methods
used should foster sensitivity to literary texts, intuition, imagination, feeling, spontaneity and naturalness in children. There should be
a departure from teaching through lectures and giving notes. Lessons should be more interactive, employing a variety of techniques
such as small group work, discussions, role-plays etc.

5.0 School Policy and Programmes

A living language like English cannot be mastered within the limited opportunities provided by the class timetable only. Both the
teachers and the classroom must create a language rich environment. This should include activities for interactive learning, as well as
self-learning. This will be made possible by providing a resource room where learners will have easy access to reading material and
technology like tape recorders/ TV etc. Although libraries are available in most schools they are not utilized. Some activities requiring
library reading must be made part of the teaching /learning process.


6.0 Assessment and Evaluation

It is intended to implement this syllabus in schools with the School Based Assessment (SBA) process. Teachers will prepare creative
teaching learning instruments on the basis of school terms.

The First Examination under this syllabus will be held in 2011.

The details together with the format and the nature of questions will be introduced by the Department of Examinations.