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Interview Questio ns And Answers fo r Linux admin:
Q: - which are the important configuration files for DNS server ?
If you are running rndc on additional systems. is used to resolve an IP address to a hostname or vice versa. Q: . connects to the DNS server with T CP port 953 by def ault. and the /var/named/ directory f or zone f iles and the like. If you are running rndc on the name server.T he DNS control utility. connections on this T CP port f rom localhostshould be allowed. or name server.What is the role of DNS ? A DNS server. the /etc/rndc.conf f ile as the conf iguration f ile f or name server control utility rndc. rndc. Q: .BIND uses /etc/named. allow connections toport 953 (or whatever port you have chosen to conf igure) f rom these additional systems. Q: .On which port DNS server works ? DNS servers use port 53 by def ault. Incoming and outgoing packets should be allowed onport 53.What is BIND ? BIND stands f or Berkeley Internet Name Domain which is the most commonly used Domain Name System (DNS) server on the Internet.conf as its main conf iguration f ile. Also allow connections on port 921 if you conf igure a lightweight resolver server. .On which version of bind u have worked ? BIND 9 Q: .
will be sent to the f irst IP address. T he f ourth user. T he name server is a program that perf orms the translation at the request of a resolver or another name server. It is the authoritative server f or the zone. Q: . while the primary master server does not need to be published.What is Secondary name server/slave name server? Secondary name server/slave name server acquires data about the zone by copying the data f rom the primary name server (respectively f rom the master server) at regular time intervals. once the IP address is given out. T his server acquires data about its zone f rom databases saved on a local disk.What is Name Server? A name server keeps inf ormation f or the translation of domain names to IP addresses and IP addresses to domain names. Q: . although they are saved on the local server disk because they will be rewritten during f urther copying. it goes to the end of the list. T he primary server must be published as an authoritative name server f or the domain in the SOA resource record. a company has one domain name and three identical home pages residing on three servers with three dif f erent IP addresses. and so f orth. When one user accesses the home page it will be sent to the f irst IP address. and the third user will be sent to the third IP address. In each case.What is round robin DNS? Round robin DNS is usually used f or balancing the load of geographically distributed Web servers. theref ore. T he second user who accesses the home page will be sent to the next IP address. It makes no sense to edit these databases on the secondary name servers. Q: . For example.What is Primary name server or primary master server? Primary name server/primary master is the main data source f or the zone.Q: . .
MX. It can be the main server f or the zone. It is only known to the servers that have its IP address statically listed in their conf iguration. It is an authoritative server.Tell me 5 Types of DNS records? A.what is Stealth name server? Stealth name server is a secret server. Q: . It acquires the data f or the zone with the help of a zone transf er. When this time expires.What do you mean by "Resource Records"? Inf ormation on domain names and their IP addresses. A 32-bit number indicating the time the particular RR can be kept valid in a server cache.what is Root name server? Root name server is an authoritative name server f or the root domain (f or the dot). . T his type of name server is not published anywhere. Each root name server is a primary server. the record has to be considered invalid. CNAME. Q: . Stealth servers can be used as a local backup if the local servers are unavailable. NS. as well as all the other inf ormation distributed via DNS is stored in the memory of name servers as Resource Records (RR). T he value 0 keeps nonauthoritative servers f rom saving the RR to their cache memory. SOA.Q: . which dif f erentiates it f rom other name servers. PT R.Explain "T T L"? Time to live. Q: . Q: .
. and the second one is inf ormation about sof tware.1.... T his is of ten ref erred to as 'creating aliases f or computer names'. T he IP address cannot have a dot at the end. T here is always only one SOA record in the f ile..2 IN HINFO My_Server UNIXIN T XT my server Q: .1. T he f irst item is inf ormation about hardware. T he MX record also includes a priority number.. An HINFO record has two items in its data part. If this attempt f ails. Q: .Example :test.what are "MX Records"? MX records specif y the mailing server of the domain. which can be used to determine several computers where the mail f or the domain can be sent.. the mail goes to the next computer (with a higher priority value).test. An MX record shows to which computer a mail of a particular domain should be sent.mail IN A 192. Q: .what is "A Record" A (Address) records assign IP addresses to domain names of computers.. T he f irst attempt is to deliver the mail to the computer with the highest priority (lowest value).Explain "CNAME Record"? Synonyms to domain names can be created using CNAME records. and it is placed at the beginning of the f ile of authoritative resource records.explain "SOA Record"? T he Start of Authority (SOA) record determines the name server that is an authoritative source of inf ormation f or the particular domain. A T XT record contains a general data string in its data part.Q:... Q: . and so on.What are "HINFO and T XT Records"? HINFO and T XT records are f or inf ormation only.mail .com IN SOA .com IN SOA .
1.. .nextstep4it.nextstep4it.1.nextstep4it..2 my server mail2..test.What is the role of "named-checkconf Utility"? T he named-checkconf utility checks the syntax of the named..co m IN SOA .co m HINFO AlphaServer UNIX MX 30 MX 20 MX 10 Q: . when a user connects to the Internet.co m mail2.conf conf iguration f ile. the user's ISP assigns an unused IP address f rom a pool of IP addresses. Syntax: named-checkconf [-t directory] [f ilename] . Q: .co m mail3. Typically. contacting the DNS service each time the IP address provided by the ISP changes and subsequently updating the DNS database to ref lect the change in IP address. mail IN IN IN IN IN IN A TXT 19 2. and this address is used only f or the duration of that specif ic connection.What is Dynamic DNS? Dynamic DNS a method of keeping a domain name linked to a changing IP address as not all computers use static IP addresses.Explain "PT R Records"? A Pointer Record (PT R) is used to translate an IP address into a domain name. Q: . T his method of dynamically assigning addresses extends the usable pool of available IP addresses. A dynamic DNS service provider uses a special program that runs on the user's computer.
Syntax: named-checkzone [-dgv] [-c class] zone [f ilename] .Q: .what is the role of "named-checkzone Utility"? T he named-checkzone utility checks the syntax and consistency of the zone f ile.