# Single factor experiments 1-Completely randomized design (CRD

)
1- Randomization and Layout: Experiment had 5 treatment and 3 replicate Total number of plots = t x r = 15 Treatments = A, B, C, D, F 1A 2D 4D 5F 7B 8A 10 F 11 C 13 C 14 B Treatment 1 2 3 4 5 Grand Total (G)
Grand mean

3C 6B 9F 12 A 15 D R3 3 7 11 15 19 Treatment Total 6 18 30 42 54 150 Treatment mean 2 6 10 14 18 10

R1 1 5 9 13 17

R2 2 6 10 14 18

Correction factor(C.F)= G2/n = 1500 2 Total SS = ∑ X -C.F

2 Treatment SS = ∑ T / r Error SS = Total SS- Treatment SS Total SS = [ (1)2 + (2)2+ ………………..(19)2]- 1500 Treatment SS = [ (6)2 + (18)+………(54)] - C.F Treatment MS = Treatment SS/ (t-1) Error MS = Error SS / t(r-1)

F= Treatment MS / Error MS Table : Analysis Of Variance (CRD) Source of Degree of Sum of Variations freedom Squares Treatments t-1 Experimental t(r-1) error Total t.r -1

Mean Square

Computed F

Tabular F

2- Randomized Complete Block Design (RCB)
1-Randomization and Layout: Experiment had 5 treatment and 3 replicate Treatments = A, B, C, D, F R1 A C B D F Treatment 1 2 3 4 5 Rep. Total(R) Grand Total (G)
Grand mean

R2 C F B D A R1 1 5 9 13 17 45 R2 2 6 10 14 18 50 R3 3 7 11 15 19 55

R3 D A C F B Treatment Total 6 18 30 42 54 150 10 Treatment mean 2 6 10 14 18

Correction factor(C.F)= G2/n = 1500 2 Total SS = ∑ X -C.F Replication SS = Treatment SS = Error SS = Total SS- Treatment SS – Replication SS Total SS = [ (1)2 + (2)2+ ………………..(19)2]- 1500 Replication SS = [(45)2+ (50)2+(55)2]/t -1500 Treatment SS = [ (6)2 + (18)+………(54)] /r -1500 Treatment MS = Treatment SS/ (t-1) Error MS = Error SS / (t-1)(r-1) F= Treatment MS / Error MS Table : Analysis Of Variance (CRD) Source of Degree of Sum of Variations freedom Squares Replication r-1 Treatments t-1 Experimental (t-1)(r-1) error Total t.r -1

∑ R / t -C.F ∑ T / r -C.F
2 2

Mean Square

Computed F

Tabular F

3- Latin Square Design
1-Randomization and Layout: Experiment had 5 treatment and 5 replicate Treatments = A, B, C, D, F E C B A D C C B D B E A d A E 2-Analysis of variances Experiment had 4 treatment and 4 replicate Treatments = A, B, C, D

A B E D C

D E A C B

Table : grain yield of three Maize Hybrids and check from an experiment with Latin square design. Row Number Col1 Col2 Col3 Col4 Row total 1 B6 D 17 C 13 A4 40 2 C 11 A2 D 18 B9 40 3 A1 C 12 B8 D 19 40 4 D 16 B7 A3 C 14 40 Column total (C) 34 38 42 46 Grand total 160 Treatment Total A 10 B 30 C 50 D 70 2 2 Correction factor(C.F)= G /t = 1600 2 Total SS = ∑ X -C.F Mean 2.5 7.5 12.5 17.5

∑ R / t -C.F Column SS = ∑ C / t -C.F Treatment SS = ∑ T / r -C.F
Row SS =
2 2 2

Error SS = Total SS- Row SS – Column SS – Treatment SS Total SS = [ (1)2 + (2)2+ ………………..(19)2]- 1600 Row SS = [(40)2+ (40)2+(40)2]/t –1600 Column SS = [(34)2+(38)2+(42)2+(46)2]/t -1600 Treatment SS = [ (10)2 + (30)2+………(70)2] /r –1600 Row MS = Row SS/(t-1) Column MS = Column MS / (t-1) Treatment MS = Treatment SS/ (t-1) Error MS = Error SS / (t-1)(t-2)

Table : Analysis Of Variance Latin square Source of Degree of Sum of Variations freedom Squares Row t-1 Column t-1 Treatments t-1 Experimental error (t-1)(t-2) Total t2 -1

Mean Square

Compute dF

Tabular F

Two factor experiments 1-Factorial Experiment: Complete block design
1-Randomization and Layout: Experiment had 2 factor 3 level of N and 2 level of P and 3 replicate N level = N1, N2, N3 P level = P1, P2 Table combination treatments of 2 factor 3 level of N and 2 level of P P treatment Nitrogen Level P1 P2 N1 N1P1 N1P2 N2 N2P1 N2P2 N3 N3P1 N3P2 R1 R2 R3 N1P2 N3P1 N3P2 N2P1 N2P1 N1P1 N3P1 N1P2 N1P2 N1P1 N3P2 N3P1 N3P2 N1P1 N2P1 N2P2 N2P2 N2P2 Table grain yield of Corn fertilized with 3 Level of nitrogen and 2 level of P Nitrogen level R1 R2 R3 Treatment total P1 N1 1 2 3 6 N2 5 6 7 18 N3 9 10 11 30 P2 N1 21 22 23 66 N2 25 26 27 78 N3 28 29 30 97 Rep. total 86 92 98 Grand total (G) 295 C.F = G2/rab 2 Total SS = ∑ X -C.F

Replication SS =

Treatment SS = Error SS = Total SS- Replication SS –Treatment SS Table: Preliminary analysis of Variance for data Source of Degree of Sum of Mean Variations freedom Squares Square Replication r-1 Treatments ab-1 Experimental (r-1)(ab-1) error Total rab -1

∑ R / ab -C.F ∑ T / r -C.F
2 2

Computed F

Tabular F

2 BSS = ∑ B / ra -C.F Table The Nitrogen x Phosphorus table of totals from P Levels Nitrogen levels P1 P2 N1 N2 N3 Phosphorus Total (B)

Compute the three factorial components of the treatment sum of square as: 2 ASS = ∑ A / rb -C.F

Nitrogen total (A)

A x B SS = Treatments SS – ASS – BSS A MS = A SS / a-1 B MS = B SS/b-1 A x B SS = A x B SS/(a-1)(b-1) Error MS = Error SS / (r-1)(ab-1) F (A) = A MS / Error MS F (B) = B MS / Error MS F (A x B) = A x B MS / Error MS Source of Degree of Sum of Variations freedom Squares Replication r-1 Treatments ab-1 A (Nitrogen a-1 levels) B (phosphor b-1 levels) AxB (a-1)(b-1) Experimental (r-1)(aberror 1) Total rab -1

Mean Square

Computed F

Tabular F

2-Split Plot Design
1-Randomization and Layout: Experiment had 2 factor 3 methods of irrigation system and 2 level of N and 3 replicate Irrigation System = I1, I2, I3 N level = N1, N2 R1 Main plot I1 I3 I2 R1 I1 P1 I3 P2 I2 P1 I1 P2 I3 P1 I2 P2 I2 P2 I3 P2 I1 P2 R2 I2 I3 I1 R2 I2 P1 I3 P1 I1 P1 I3 P1 I2 P1 I1 P2 R3 I3 I2 I1 R3 I3 P2 I2 P2 I1 P1

Table grain yield of Corn irrigated with 3 irrigation system and fertilized with 2 level of N Irrigated R1 R2 R3 Treatment method total N1 I1 1 2 3 6 I2 5 6 7 18 I3 9 10 11 30 N2 I1 21 22 23 66 I2 25 26 27 78 I3 28 29 30 97 Grand total (G) 285 Table : The replication X Irrigation method Irrigated R1 R2 method I1 22 24 I2 30 32 I3 37 39 Rep total (R) 89 95 Grand total (g) C.F = G2/rab Table : The irrigation x Nitrogen level Irrigated method N1 I1 6 I2 18 I3 30 Nitrogen total (N) 54 2 Total SS = ∑ X -C.F R3 26 34 41 101 Treatment total 72 96 117 285 N2 66 78 97 241

Replication SS = A SS = B SS =

∑A

∑R
2

2

/ab -C.F

2

/rb -C.F

Error(A) SS =
2

∑ B /ra -C.F A x B SS = ∑ AB /r -C.F –BSS – ASS
2

∑ RA

/b -C.F

Error(b) SS = Total SS – (sum of all otherSS)

Source of Variations Replication Main plot factor (A) Error (A) Sub plot factor (B) AxB Error (b) Total

Degree of freedom r-1 a-1 (r-1) (a-1) b-1 (a-1)(b-1) a(r-1)(ab-1) rab -1

Sum of Squares

Mean Square

Computed F

Tabular F