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IMPORTANT ONE LINERS FOR NEET - 1

What is associated with: Auer's rods? What is associated with: Aschoff's bodies? What is associated with: Birbeck granules? What is associated with: Neurofibrillary tangles? What is associated with: Bence-Jones proteinuria? What is associated with: Cal-Exner bodies? What is associated with: Cowdry type A bodies? What is associated with: Codman's triangle on an x-ray? What is associated with: Councilman bodies? What is associated with: Calf pseudohypertrophy? What is associated with: Reed-Sternberg cells? What is associated with: Heinz bodies? What is associated with: Homer-Wright rosettes? What is associated with: Curschmann's spirals? What is associated with: Kayser-Fleischer rings? What is associated with: Lewy bodies? What is associated with: Orphan Annie cells? What is associated with: Russell bodies? What is associated with: Reinke's crystals? Acute myelocytic leukemia (AML)-M3 Rheumatic fever Histiocytosis X Alzheimer's disease Multiple myeloma Granulosa/thecal cell tumor of the ovary Herpes virus Osteosarcoma

Toxic or viral hepatitis Duchenne's muscular dystrophy Hodgkin's lymphoma G-6-PD deficiency Neuroblastoma

Bronchial asthma (whorled mucous plug Wilson's disease Parkinson's disease Papillary carcinoma of the ovary Multiple myeloma Leydig cell tumor

What is associated with: Blue sclera? What is associated with: Soap-bubble appearance on an x-ray? What is associated with: Pseudorosettes? What is associated with: Lucid interval? What is associated with: Bloody tap on lumbar puncture? What is associated with: Pseudopalisades? What is associated with: Charcot-Leyden crystals? What is associated with: Cafe au fait spot on the skin? What is associated with: Streaky ovaries? What is associated with: Keratin pearls? What is associated with: Signet ring cells? What is associated with: Mallory's bodies? What is associated with: Blue-domed cysts? What is associated with: Schiller-Duval bodies? What is associated with: Senile plaques? What is associated with: WBCs in the urine? What is associated with: RBCs in the urine? What is associated with: RBC casts in the urine? What is associated with: WBC casts in the urine?

Osteogenesis imperfecta Giant cell tumor of the bone

Ewing's sarcoma Epidural hematoma Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Glioblastoma multiforme

Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membrane Neurofibromatosis

Turner's syndrome Squamous cell carcinoma Gastric carcinoma Chronic alcoholism Fibrocystic change of the breast Yolk sac tumor Alzheimer's disease Acute cystitis Bladder carcinoma Acute glomerulonephritis Acute pyelonephritis

What is associated with: Renal epithelial casts in the urine? What is associated with: Waxy casts? What is the most common: Cause of chronic metal poisoning? What is the most common: Cause of congenital cyanotic heart disease? What is the most common: Congenital cardiac anomaly? What is the most common: Cardiac tumor? What is the most common: Vasculitis? What is the most common: Primary tumor of the liver? What is the most common: Primary malignant tumor of the lungs? What is the most common: Cause of nephrotic syndrome? What is the most common: cause of nephrotic syndrome in children? What is the most common: Organism that causes pyelonephritis? What is the most common: Renal cell cancer type? What is the most common: Tumor of the liver? What is the most common: Malignant tumor of the esophagus? What is the most common: Tumor arising within the bone?

Acute toxic or viral nephrosis

Chronic end-stage renal disease Lead

Tetralogy of Fallot

Ventricular septal defect (VSD)

Left atrial myxoma Temporal arteritis Hemangioma (benign)

Adenocarcinoma (30% to 35%)

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephriti

Lipoid nephrosis

Escherichia coli

Clear cell Metastatic cancer (GI, breast, lungs) Squamous cell carcinoma

Multiple myeloma

What is the most common: Primary malignant tumor of the female genital tract in the world? What is the most common: Primary malignant tumor of the female genital tract in the US? What is the most common: Tumor of the female genitourinary tract? What is the most common: Benign tumor of the ovary? What is the most common: Benign tumor of the breast? What is the most common: Benign lesion that affects the breast? What is the most common: Malignant tumor of the breast? What is the most common: Tumor in men between the ages of 15 and 35? What is the most common: Germ cell tumor in men? What is the most common: Testicular tumor in infants and children? What is the most common: Malignant germ cell tumor in women? What is the most common: Solid tumor in the body? What is the most common: Acquired GI emergency of infancy? What is the most common: Primary malignant tumor of the ovary?

Cervical neoplasia

Adenocarcinoma of the cervix

Leiomyoma

Serocystadenoma

Fibroadenoma

Fibrocystic change of the breast

Invasive ductal carcinoma

Testicular tumors

Seminoma

Yolk sac tumor

Choriocarcinoma

Nephroblastoma

Necrotizing enterocolitis of infancy

Serocystadenocarcinoma

What is the most common: Cardiac tumor of infancy? What is the most common: Acute metal poisoning? What is the most common: Proliferative abnormality of an internal organ? What is the most common: Malignant tumor in the bone of teenagers? What is the most common: Site of a cerebral infarct? What is the most common: Cause of dementia between the ages of 60 and 90 years? What is the most common: Primary CNS tumor in adults? What is the most common: Primary CNS tumor in children? What is the most common: Tumor on sun-exposed sites? What is the most common: Chromosomal disorder? What is the most common: Heart defect in Down syndrome? What is the most common: Chromosomal disorder involving sex chromosomes? What is the most common: Cardiac pathology in patients with SLE? What is the most common: Cause of urinary tract obstruction?

Rhabdomyoma

Arsenic

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Osteosarcoma

Middle cerebral artery

Alzheimer's disease

Glioblastoma multiforme

Medullablastoma

Basal cell carcinoma

Down syndrome (trisomy 21)

Endocardial cushion defect

Kleinfelter's syndrome

Libman-Sacks endocarditis

BPH

What is the most common: Eye tumor in children? What is the most common: Intraspinal tumor? What is the most common: Lymph node affected in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma? What is the most common: Renal pathology in patients with SLE? What is the most common: Cause of cirrhosis in the USA? What is the most common: Malignant tumor in women? What is the most common: Cancer of the vulva? What is the most common: Testicular tumor in children? What is the most common: Benign GI tumor? What is the most common: Thyroid cancer? What is the most common: Malignancy in children? What is the most common: Cause of diarrhea in children? What is the most common: Cause of hospitalization in children younger than 1 year of age? What is the most common: Helminthic parasite worldwide? What is the most common: Cause of anovulation? What is the most common: Cause of death in neonates?

Retinoblastoma Ependymoma Periaortic lymph nodes

Diffuse proliferative GN

Alcohol

Breast

Squamous cell carcinoma Yolk sac tumor

Leiomyoma Papillary carcinoma ALL

Rotavirus

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

Ascaris lumbricoides

Polycystic ovaries

Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (

What is the most common: Cardiac anomaly in children? What is the most common: Congenital heart defect in adults? What is the most common: Complication of PDA? What is the most common: Cardiac anomaly in Turner's syndrome? What is the most common: Cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy? What is the most common: Cause of pulmonary hypertension in children? What is the most common: Cause of reversible hypertension in the USA? What is the most common: Inflammatory arthritis? What is the most common: Cause of spontaneous pneumothorax? What is the most common: Cause of nonorganic pneumoconiosis? What is the most common: Cause of painless hematuria? What is the most common: Cause of hematuria? What is the most common: Hematologic cause of papillary necrosis? What is the most common: Organ involved in amyloidosis? What is the most common: Cause of abnormal bleeding?

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)

Atrial septal defect (ASD)

Subacute bacterial endocarditis Coarctation of the aorta

Amyloidosis

VSD

Alcohol abuse

Rheumatoid arthritis Emphysematous bleb

Asbestosis

Renal cell carcinoma

Infection Sickle cell disease

Kidney

Thrombocytopenia

What is the most common: Cause of a nontraumatic splenic rupture? What is the most common: Cause of death in SLE? What is the most common: Cause of infection for a patient on a ventilator? What is the most common: Esophageal carcinoma? What is the most common: Cause of chronic pancreatitis? What is the most common: Cause of infectious pancreatitis? What is the most common: Complication of nasogastric tube feeding? What is the most common learning disability? What is the most common: Cause of insomnia? What is the most common: Form of necrosis? What is the most common: Cause of blindness worldwide? What is the most common: Cause of blindness in the USA? What is the most common: Cause of the croup? What is the most common: Cause of a cold in the winter and summer? What is the most common: Cause of a cold in the spring and fall? What is the most common: Cause of viral pneumonia leading to death?

Malaria

Renal failure Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Squamous cell carcinoma

Alcohol abuse

Mumps

Aspiration pneumonia

Dyslexia Depression Coagulative Chlamydia trachomatis

Diabetes mellitus

Parainfluenza virus Coronavirus

Rhinovirus

RSV

What is the most common: Pituitary tumor? What is the most common: Cause of panhypopituitarism? What is the most common: Cause of Cushing's syndrome? What is the most common: Kidney stone type? What is the most common: Site of ischemia in the GI tract? What is the most common: Cause of intestinal obstructions in adults? What is the most common: Cause of neonatal bowel obstruction? What is the most common: Cause of rectal bleeding? What chromosomal translocation is associated with: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML? What chromosome: Ewing's sarcoma? What chromosome: Adult familial polyposis? What chromosome: Burkitt's lymphoma? What chromosome: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)? What chromosome: Follicular lymphoma? What chromosome is associated with: Cru di chat? What chromosome: Patau's syndrome? What chromosome: Neurofibromatosis I?

Chromophobe adenoma Sheehan's syndrome

Pituitary adenoma

Calcium oxalate Splenic flexure

Adhesions and hernias

Hirschsprung's disease

Diverticulosis

Chromosome 9,22 (Philadelphia chromos

Chromosome 11,22 Chromosome 5,21 Chromosome 8,14 Chromosome 15,17

Chromosome 14,18 Chromosome 5p Chromosome 13 Chromosome 17

What chromosome: Huntington's disease? What chromosome: Familial hypercholesterolemia? What chromosome: Gaucher's disease? What chromosome: Neimann-Pick disease? What chromosome: Tay-Sachs disease? What chromosome: Cystic fibrosis? What chromosome: Albinism? What chromosome: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)? What chromosome: Marfan's disease? What chromosome: Neurofibromatosis II? What chromosome: Down syndrome? What chromosome: Edward's syndrome? What mineral is associated with impaired glucose tolerance? What mineral is associated with hypothyroidism? What mineral is an important component of the enzyme xanthine oxidase? What vitamin deficiency has the following signs: angular stomatitis, glossitis, and cheilosis? What vitamin is a component of the coenzyme thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP)? Avidin decreases the absorption of what vitamin?

Chromosome 4p Chromosome 19

Chromosome 1 Chromosome 11p Chromosome 15q Chromosome 7 Chromosome llp Chromosome 12

Chromosome 15 Chromosome 22q Chromosome 21 Chromosome 18 Chromium (Cr)

Iodine (I) Molybdenum (Mb)

Riboflavin (B2) deficiency

Thymine (Bl)

Biotin. Avidin is found in raw egg whites.

What are the four Ds of niacin deficiency? What mineral is an important component of glutathione peroxidase? What mineral deficiency in children is associated with poor growth and impaired sexual development? What mineral, via excessive depositions in the liver, causes hemochromatosis? What vitamin is needed in the production of heme? What vitamin is a component of the enzymes fatty acid synthase and acyl CoA? What vitamin deficiency has the following signs: homocysteinuria and methylmalonic aciduria? What vitamin deficiency is evidenced by the following signs: poor wound healing, loose teeth, bleeding gums, petechiae, and ecchymosis? What vitamin is given as prophylactic treatment for patients who suffer from alcoholism? What are the three carboxylase enzymes that require biotin? What vitamin requires intrinsic factor (IF) for absorption? What mineral is a component of cytochrome a/a3? Leukopenia, neutropenia, and mental deterioration are signs of what mineral deficiency? What vitamin deficiency causes a glove-andstocking neuropathy seen in alcoholics? What mineral deficiency involves blood vessel

1. Diarrhea 2. Dermatitis 3. Dementia 4. D Selenium (Se)

Zinc (Zn) deficiency

Iron (Fe)

Pyridoxine (B6) Pantothenic acid

Cyanocobalamin (B12) deficiency [Folic a only homocysteinuria as a sign.]

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) deficiency (The scurvy.)

Thiamine (B1)-to prevent Wernicke's ence Korsakoff's encephalopathy

1. Pyruvate 2. Acetyl CoA 3.Propionyl Co

Cyanocobalamin (B12)

Copper (Cu) Copper (Cu) deficiency

Pyridoxine (B6) deficiency

Copper (Cu) deficiency

fragility? Megaloblastic anemia and thrombocytopenia are signs of what vitamin deficiency? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Carbon monoxide? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Mercury? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Isoniazid? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Atropine? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Arsenic? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Digoxin? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Gold? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Ethylene glycol? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Opiates/narcotics? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Organophosphates? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Warfarin? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Copper? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Heparin? Folic acid deficiency

Oxygen

Dimercaprol

Pyridoxine

Physostigmine

Dimercaprol, D-penicillamine

Antidigoxin Fab fragments

Dimercaprol Ethyl alcohol

Naloxone, naltrexone

Atropine, 2-PAM

Vitamin K

D-Penicillamine Protamine sulfate

What is the antidote for an overdose with: Iron? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Cyanide? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Methyl alcohol? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Acetaminophen? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Nitrates? What is the antidote for an overdose with: Lead? What structure is derived from the prochordal plate? What is the only organ supplied by the foregut artery that is of mesodermal origin? In which direction and how far does the gut rotate? What structure connects the primitive gut to the yolk sac? What is the artery of the embryonic foregut? When does the primitive gut herniate out of the embryo? When does it return back into the embryo? What two pathologic conditions occur when the gut does not return to the embryo? Around what structure does the midgut rotate? What three things cause the indifferent gonad to become a testis?

Deferoxamine

Amyl nitrate, sodium nitrate, or sodium th

Ethyl alcohol

N-Acetylcysteine

Methylene blue

EDTA (calcium disodium edetate), dimerc The mouth

Spleen

Counterclockwise 270 degrees The yolk stalk (vitelline duct)

The celiac artery 6 weeks

10 weeks Omphalocele and gastroschisis

Superior mesenteric artery

1.Testis-determining factor (TDF) from th chromosome 2.Miillerian inhibiting factor cells 3.Testosterone from Leydig cells

Where does the embryologic foregutend? What is the artery of the embryonic hindgut? What three embryonic cell layers form the chorion? Which neuropore closes last? What is the artery of the embryonic midgut? From where are nephrons derived embryonically? What are the five derivatives of the ventral mesentery?

At the first part of the duodenum The inferior mesenteric artery

1. Cytotrophoblast 2. Symcytiotrophoblas mesoderm Caudal-and it is the first to open, too. The superior mesenteric artery Metanephros

1. Falciform ligament 2. Hepatoduodenal Hepatogastric ligament 4 and 5. Coronary ligaments of the liver. All else is derived f mesentery. After birth

When do the septum primum and the septum secundum of the heart fuse? The cerebral cortex is a derivative of what? What is the adult structure found in the embryo as the: Umbilical vein? What is the adult structure found in the embryo as the: Ductus venosus? What is the adult structure found in the embryo as the: Foramen ovule? What is the adult structure found in the embryo as the: Ductus arteriosus? What is the adult structure found in the embryo as the: Umbilical artery? Where does the hindgut end? Where does the midgut end?

The telencephalon Ligamentum teres

Ligamentum venosum

Fossa ovule

Ligamentum arteriosum

Medial umbilical ligament

At the superior portion of the anal canal

At the right two thirds of the transverse c

From where is the tongue musculature derived? What two branchial arches contribute to the formation of the anterior two thirds of the tongue? What are the two fourth pharyngeal pouch derivatives? What two structures are derived from the fourth aortic arch? What adult structures are derived from preotic somites? What structure is derived from the first pharyngeal pouch? What two branchial arches contribute to the posterior two thirds of the tongue? What are the two third pharyngeal pouch derivatives? What structure is derived from the first aortic arch? From what are the urinary bladder and the urethra derived? From what are the pulmonary trunk and the ascending aorta derived? What disorder will result when there is a failure of the urachus to close, causing a leakage of urine out of the umbilicus? The common carotid and the internal carotid arteries are derivatives of what embryonic structure? The palatine tonsils are derived from what embryonic structure?

Occipital somites First and some of the second

Superior parathyroid glands and the ultim

Arch of the aorta and the right subclavian

Muscles of the internal eye

The middle ear

Third and part of the fourth

Inferior parathyroid glands and the thymu

Maxillary artery

Urogenital sinus

Truncus arteriosum

Urachal fistula

Third aortic arch

Second pharyngeal pouch

What are the sixth aortic arch derivatives? The stapedial artery is derived from what? The mesonephric ducts contribute to what renal structures? Of what embryonic structureis the coronary sinus a derivative? What cranial nerve (CN) is associated with the: First pharyngeal arch? What cranial nerve (CN) is associated with the: Second pharyngeal arch? What cranial nerve (CN) is associated with the: Third pharyngeal arch? What cranial nerve (CN) is associated with the: Fourth pharyngeal arch? What cranial nerve (CN) is associated with the: Fifth pharyngeal arch? What cranial nerve (CN) is associated with the: Sixth pharyngeal arch? From where is the external auditory meatus derived? From where is the smooth portion of the right atrium derived? Meckel's diverticulum is a remnant of what embryonic structure? The pons and cerebellum are derived from what portion of the embryonic neural tissue? The medulla is a derivative of what portion of the embryonic neural tissue?

Right and left pulmonary arteries and the Second aortic arch The collecting ducts, calyx, renal pelvis,

The left horn of the sinus venosus

CN V

CN VII

CN IX

CN X

None-it degenerates

CN X

First pharyngeal groove

Right horn of the sinus venosus

Vitelline duct (yolk stalk)

Metencephalon

Myelencephalon

What structure "tells" the overlying cells to begin neurulation? What structure splits the cloacal membrane, resulting in the formation of the perineum? In the adult, the thoracic veins are derived from what structure? The gastrointestinal tract and abdominal veins are derived from what structure? From what is the thyroid gland derived?

The notochord

Urorectal septum

The cardinal veins

Vitelline veins

The floor of the endoderm (the posterior tongue) The diencephalon

The thalamus and its related structures are derivatives of what? Transcriptionally active DNA is known as what? Transcriptionally inactive DNA is called? What is the only histone not found inside the nucleosomes? What coating protects proteins from intracellular degradation? A nucleosome is made up of what two components? What are the four functions of smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER)? What are the long microvilli found in the inner ear and the male reproductive tract called? What cell junction type allows for communication between two adjacent cells? Where are the enzymes for ATP production and the ETC located?

Euchromatin Heterochromatin

H1 histone-Its function is to bind nucleos

Clathrin coating

Histories and DNA

1. Steroid synthesis 2. Drug detoxificatio 4. TAG resynthesis Stereocilia

Gap junctions (nexus)

Inner fold of the mitochondria membrane

What cell membrane structure increases the surface area of a cell and has actin randomly assorted within its structure? What is the function of desmosomes? What is the microtubule configuration of a basal body? What are the four components of the basement membrane? The proteins that are to stay within the cell are produced by what organelle? What is the lysosomal post- translational modification of proteins? What cell surface modification of ependymal cells and respiratory epithelium has a 9 + 2 microtubular configur- ation and movement as its function? What protein binds hemidesmosomes to the basal lamina? What intermediate filament is found in the zona adherens? The proteins to be exported or incorporated into the lysosome are produced by what organelle? What is the function of the zonula occludens and the zonula adherens? The following intermediate filaments are associated with what cell types: Desmin? The following intermediate filaments are associated with what cell types: Cytokeratins? The following intermediate filaments are associated with what cell types: Vimentin?

Microvillus

To hold adjacent cells together (i.e., adhe 9 + 0 microtubule arrangement

1. Laminin 2. Heparan sulfate (heparitin s Fibronectin 4. Type IV collagen Free polysome (polyribosome)

Phosphorylation of mannose residues

Cilia

Integrin

Actin

Bound polysome (polyribosome), attache endoplasmic reticulum (RER)

To provide attachment between contiguo maintain a semipermeable barrier Muscle cells

Epithelial cells

Mesenchymal cells

The following intermediate filaments are associated with what cell types: Neurofilaments? The following intermediate filaments are associated with what cell types: Glial filaments? The basal lamina + the reticular lamina = what? What is the name of the organelle where collagen is made? What vitamin is needed for the hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis? What are the two amino acids that cross-link elastin molecules? What is the major inorganic component of bone? What cell in bone is a part of the mononuclear phagocytic system? What are the two types of cells located in the perichondrium of cartilage? What cell in the CNS is part of the mononuclear phagocytic system? What substance, found in eosinophils, is toxic to parasitic worms? Where is tropocollagen aggregated to form a collagen fibril? What cell surface extension allows osteocytes in the lacunaeto "talk" to each other? What cell type produces myelin in the CNS? In which ventricles is/are choroid plexus found? What muscle type has calmodulin?

Neurons

Astrocytes

The basement membrane Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)

Vitamin C - Survy

Desmosine and isodesmosine

Hydroxyapatite Osteoclasts

Fibroblasts and chondroblasts

Microglia

Major basic protein

Extracellularly

Canaliculi

Oligodendrocytes All four ventricles Smooth muscle

What element is needed for the proper alignment of the tropocollagen molecules? What is added to the procollagen molecules to prevent intracellular precipitation? In what tissue can you find intercalated disks? What are intercalated disks?

Copper (Cu+)

Registration peptides

Cardiac muscle

Dense bands containing intercellular junc adjacent cells mechanically and electrica

Of what are intercalated disks composed? What are the proteoglycans of cartilage and bone? What is the only glycosamino- glycan (GAG) that binds to the linker portion of the proteoglycan? What is the portion of an axon that lacks myelin and is rich in Na+/K+ pumps? What type of CNS cells have cilia, line the ventricles, and contribute to the blood-brain barrier? What are the largest glial cells in the CNS (Hint: They contribute to the blood- brain barrier.)? Myelin is produced by what type of PNS cells? What is the dominant cell type in the lacunae of cartilage? What structure runs perpendicular to the Haversian canals in the bone? What are the three reasons for the effectiveness of the blood-brain barrier? What types of muscle have troponin? What type of muscle is uninuclear and

Fascia adherens (mainly) Desmosomes G Chondroitin sulfate and keratan sulfate

Hyaluronic acid (all sulfates bind to the c

Node of Ranvier

Ependymal cells

Astrocytes

Schwann cells Chondrocytes

Volkmann's canal

1. Tight junctions 2. Capillaries that lack selective pinocytosis by the capillaries Skeletal and cardiac

Smooth muscle - it lacks T tubules and h

nonstriated? On what area of the spleen are the APCs located? What is the dominant cell type in the red pulp of the spleen? On what area of the lymph node can you locate plasma cells? What is the name of the area in the thymus where T cells are produced? What type of muscle is striated and multinuclear? In what region of the spleen are the germinal centers located? What layer of the skin is missing in thin skin? What are the phagocytic cells of the GI tract called? Which immunoglobulin is secreted by the plasma cells in the GI tract? In what area of the spleen are the T cells located? In what area of the lymph node are the T cells and the APCs located? What type of muscle is striated, branched, and uninuclear? What does the tunica intima of arteries have that veins do not? What two layers of skin makeup the malphighian layer? What type of skin cells have the mature melanin granules? Marginal zone Red blood cells

Medulla

Hassall's corpuscle

Skeletal muscle- it of T tubules and SR at

White pulp-where B cell differentiation ta

Stratum lucidum Paneth cells (Paneth's granular cells)

IgA

Periarterial lymphatic sheath (PALS) Paracortical (thymic-dependent) area

Cardiac muscle-dyadic T tubules with SR

An internal elastic lamina

Stratum basalis and spinosus (mitotic are

Keratinocytes. Melanocytes inject melano keratinocytes and mature there.

What type of skin cells are part of the mononuclear phagocytic system? What cells of the epidermis, derived from the neural crest, act as mechano- receptors? What layer of the epidermis acts as a sealant to protect against desiccation? What layer of the skin is composed of nonnucleated cells full of keratin? What are the antigen- presenting cells in the Peyer's patches of the GI known as? What are the three "tunica" layers of a blood vessel wall? Within what layer of the heart are the nerves and conducting fibers located? Which organs have fenestrated capillaries with diaphragms? What secondary lymphoid tissue is encapsulated and has germinal centers?

Langerhans' cells

Merkel's cells (Merkel's tactile cells)

Stratum granulosum

Stratum corneum

M cells

1. Tunica intima 2. Tunica media 3. Tunic

Subendocardial space

Kidney, Intestines, Endocrine organs

Peyer's patches