Ms. Coy-Bailey, AP Supervision Mr.

Friedman, Humanities Academy AIM: How do we answer Regents-based multiple-choice questions correctly? Bottom Line, Place, and Time Strategy 1. read the question or stem carefully 2. find the key term (try to figure out its meaning) 3. look for other clues such as a) time period or b) location 4. think of the correct answer

without looking at the answer choices 5. look at the answer choices 6. eliminate silly/wrong answer choices 7. match the key term of the question/stem with the best answer choice. Quiz * Early People and the Neolithic Revolution RED = KEY TERM YELLOW = BOTTOM LINE BLUE = PLACE PINK = TIME

1. One reason for the development of an early civilization (H1) in the TigrisEuphrates river valleys was that 1.the location protected the people from land invasion 2. periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming 3.these rivers provided a direct trade route between Europe and Asia 4.these rivers flowed into the Mediterranean Sea TIME * H1 * KEY TERM BOTTOM PLACE LINE Early River Valley

Civ TigrisEuphrates Rivers

ilizations Mesopot • Period amia flooding • Rich (= Egypt fertile) Nile River soil or land • Farming (= agricultur e) • Transporta tion • Communic ation

Phoenicia • (extensive Middle ns East ) writing Maya S. systems America Code of • Social Mesopot Hammura class amia bi divisions • “Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth.” • Unequal justice Egyptian • Developed Egypt Civilizatio along the n Nile River (periodic flooding)

• Hieroglyp hics (pictorial writing system) • Pharaoh (king  descendan t of the gods) • Mummific ation Mesopota • Developed Mesopot mian along the amia Civilizatio Tigris & n Euphrates Rivers • Ziggurat

(temple unique to Mesopota mia) TIME * H1 * KEY TERM BOTTOM PLAC LINE E Belief Systems Cathedral • Architectur Mosque e Pyramid • Reflect religious belief Judaism • Monotheis Origin Christianity s: m (belief Islam in ONE G- Middl

Caste system

d) e East • Ethical conduct • Hinduism; India traditional part of Hindu belief system • People are born into different castes (or classes) • One cannot move from caste to

caste: NO SOCIAL MOBILITY Confucius • Philosophe China r (great thinker) • Confuciani sm (= a philosophy ) • Social order (stability/p eace) • Moral conduct • Political

organizatio n • Responsibil ity; filial piety (respect) • Five Relationshi ps (to be followed by all Chinese people) oRuler – ruled oFather – son oHusban

d – wife oElder – younger oFriend – friend Shinto(ism) • Marshal Japan arts • Tea ceremony • Flower arranging • Peace, tranquility • Ancestor worship • Respect for nature; shrines

Five Pillars of Islam

near lakes; harmony between nature & humans Middl • Islam, e Islamic faith/religi East on • Charity, Fasting, Prayer, Muhamma d, Monotheis m (Allah) • Ethical and moral

behavior Eastern • Branches Orthodoxy, of Roman Christianit Catholicism, y Protestantis m Islam • Koran (holy book) • Jihad (holy war) • Hegira Buddhism • Give up selfish desire

Middl e East


Ten • Judaism & Middl Commandm Christianit e ents East y • Ethical and moral behavior • Shall not kill, steal, lie, commit adultery, false witness, etc.

Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the Great Pyramid in Egypt are examples of 1. architectural accomplishments that reflect religious beliefs

2. 1.




2.the influence of Buddhist architecture on conquered nations 3.ancient architectural monuments no longer in use 4.the influence of cultural diffusion on contemporary architecture Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share a belief in the central authority of the Pope  (correct for only Christianity [Catholicism]) a prohibition of the consumption (drinking of) of port (type of wine)  (correct for only Islam) reincarnation and the Four Noble Truths  (TOTALLY INCORRECT  Buddhism) monotheism and ethical conduct  CORRECT FOR ALL 3 RELIGIONS

“When I go to the office, I put on my shirt and I take off my caste; when I come home, I take off my shirt and I put on my caste.” 3. What is the main idea of this quotation?

1.the caste system continues to influence Indian society 2.the caste system has been reflected by most Indians 3.successful urban workers in India belong the same Caste 4.the Indian government officially supports the Caste system According the teachings of Confucius, the key to the successful organization of society is that 1.the ruler should be chosen democratically 2.the evil in humans must be eliminated 3.ancestor worship should be discontinued 4.individuals should know and do what is expected of them

6. In traditional Chinese culture, which philosophy had the greatest influence on the development of social order and political organization?

1.Taoism 2.Shintoism 3.Confucianism 4.Marxism 7. The teachings of Confucius encouraged people to 1.put their own interests first 2.reject government authority 3.believe in reincarnation 4. follow a code of moral conduct 8. In Japan, the martial arts, the tea ceremony, and flower arranging best reflect the influences of 1.imperialism and militarism 2. Buddhism and Shintoism 3.capitalism 4.mercantilism 9. A person who practices the Shinto faith would be most likely to
1. 2. 3. 4.

visit a shrine placed on the shore of a lake pray five times a day  (Islam) bathe in the Ganges River  (Hinduism) make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem  (Christianity)

10. Taoism and Shintoism are similar in that both religions stress 1.adhering to the five Confucian relationships 2.following the Eightfold Path 3. developing harmony between humans and nature 4.believing in one God 11. One similarity between the Five Pillars of Islam and the Ten Commandments is that both support a belief in reincarnation  (Hinduism) 2.promote learning as a means to salvation 3.encourage the use of statues to symbolize God 4. provide a guide to proper ethical and moral behavior

12. One way in which Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism are similar is that each accepts the supreme authority of the Pope  (Catholicism) 2.rejects the Old Testament as part of the Bible 3. is a branch of Christianity

4.was once the official religion of the Byzantine Empire 13. The Koran, jihad, and the hegira are most closely associated with the practice of 1.Islam 2.Judaism 3.Shinto 4.Buddhism 14. The Buddhist religion teaches that salvation is earned by

2. 3. 4.

following the Ten Commandments  (Christianity) worshiping Allah as the one true god  (Islam) learning to give up selfish desire being baptized and confirmed  (Christianity)

I) WRONG ANSWERS, 99% of the Time contain the following words: 1. ALL ex/ All men were equal under the law. 2. ALWAYS ex/ Violence was always punished with violence. 3. EVERY ex/ Every man is bad. 4. NEVER ex/ It never rains in deserts. II) WHEN THE QUESTION/STEM ASKS YOU TO COMPARE TWO KEY TERMS THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE: • One answer will be correct

only for the FIRST KEY TERM. • Another answer will be correct only for the SECOND KEY TERM. • The third choice will be 100% incorrect. • ONLY ONE answer will be correct for BOTH KEY TERMS!!! EX. 6. The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that both cultures


developed along rivers  (correct for both Mesopotamia & Egypt) used the ziggurat form for



their temples  (correct only for Mesopotamia) established trade routes to China  (100% incorrect) used a hieroglyphic writing system  (correct only for Egypt)

RED = KEY TERM YELLOW = BOTTOM LINE BLUE = PLACE PINK = TIME 2. Which characteristic did the early civilizations that developed

along the Nile, the TigrisEuphrates and the Huang He (Yellow River) have in common? 1.each society’s religious beliefs were based on monotheism 2.urban communities were built using iron and steel tools 3.the form of government in each community was based on male suffrage 4. transportation and communication were promoted by a mild climate, fertile soil, and natural waterways RED = KEY TERM

YELLOW = BOTTOM LINE BLUE = PLACE PINK = TIME 3. The early civilizations (H1) of the Nile River Valley, Mesopotamia, and the Yellow River Valley were similar because they were industrialized societies (H3 +) 2.monotheistic 3. dependent on fertile land 4.dependent on each other for trade

4. One way in which the civilizations of the Sumerians,

the Phoenicians, and the Maya were similar is that each 1.developed extensive writing systems 2.emphasized equality in education 3.established monotheistic religions 4.encouraged democratic participation in government “If a seignior (noble) has knocked out the tooth of a seignior of his own rank, they shall knock out his tooth. But if he has knocked out a commoner’s tooth, he shall pay one-third mina of silver.”

-Code of Hammurabi 5. Which idea of Babylonian society does this portion of the Hammurabi code of law reflect? 1.all men were equal under the law 2.fines were preferable to corporal punishment 3.divisions existed between social classes 4.violence was always punished with violence 6. The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that both cultures 5.developed along rivers

6.used the ziggurat form for their temples 7.established trade routes to China 8.used a hieroglyphic writing system