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A Seminar report on

Dak Net Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of degree of Computer Science



I have made this report file on the topic Dak Net, I have tried my best to elucidate all the relevant detail to the topic to be included in the report. While in the beginning I have tried to give a general view about this topic. My efforts and wholehearted co-corporation of each and everyone has ended on a successful note. I express my sincere gratitude to ..who assisting me throughout the prepration of this topic. I thank him for providing me the reinforcement, confidence and most importantly the track for the topic whenever I needed it.

Introduction DakNet: Rethinking Connectivity in Developing Nations

DakNet provides extraordinarily low-cost digital communication, letting remote villages leapfrog past the expense of traditional connectivity solutions and begin development of a full-coverage broadband wireless infrastructure. The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) describes itself as "the world's largest technical professional society -- promoting the development and application of electrotechnology and allied sciences for the benefit of humanity, the advancement of the profession, and the well-being of our members."

The Wireless Revolution Wireless = leapfrogging opportunities But what kind of wireless?

Radio links (1-100Mhz) Cellular/ WLL Satellite/VSAT WiFi LAN/WAN Insight: Same factors driving WiFi revolution in developed world can drive a revolution in developing world: Low cost for users and providers East of setup, use and maintenance Bandwidth and scalability Spectrum delicensing

Vision Local entrepreneurs within developing countries will use WiFi to: Overcome infrastructure cost barriers Innovate and experiment with applications and content.

Stimulate the development dynamic for rural first mile communities. Grow the infrastructure according to first mile needs and demands, scaling up to universal broadband connectivity

Dak Net operation thus has two steps 1) As the MAP-equipped vehicle comes within range of a village WiFi-enabled kiosk, it automatically senses the wireless connection and then uploads and downloads tens of megabytes of data. 2) When a MAP-equipped vehicle comes within range of an Internet access point (the hub), it automatically synchronizes the data from all the rural kiosks, using the Internet.

The Rural ICT Market Latent demand for information and communication The needs of the endusers come first = the first But need low-risk seed infrastructure to see what is User adoption takes time Service adoption also takes time Asynchronous is Sufficient ICTs introduced as shared resource services mile demanded.

But this has drawbacks for realtime infrastructures: High level of adoption required to achieve cost recovery. Who am I going to call? problem Shared communications infrastructure tends to be asynchronous.

The total cost of the DakNet MAP equipment used on the bus is $580, which includes A custom embedded PC running Linux with 802.11b wireless card and 512 Mbytes of compact flash memory; A 100-mW amplifier, cabling, mounting equipment, An uninterruptible power supply powered by the bus Battery and a 14-in omnidirectional antenna; and

Some Applications Text-messaging/email eGovernance eLearning Telemedicine Audio/video messaging Communication for semi-literates Non-real time Internet searching and browsing FTP mechanism for Village websites VMOIP & WiFi Phones

Technology for Emerging Markets

Research goals: Understand potential technology users in economically poorer communities Adapt, invent, or design technology that contributes to socio-economic development of poor communities worldwide

CONCLUSION DakNets low deployment cost and its enthusiastic reception by rural users has motivated dozens of inquiries for further deployments. In addition to its tremendous cost reduction, a critical feature of DakNet is its ability to provide a seamless method of upgrading to always-on broadband connectivity.