Issue No.

34 – September 2009

This newsletter. Earlier editions of E-Jets NEWS publication can be found at Flyembraer Portal at http://www. E-Jets NEWS addresses the Operators’ concerns with maintenance support and dispatchability of EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft. Page 1 .com . If any additional information regarding the in-service items covered in the E-Jets NEWS is needed. no article published should be considered authority-approved data.Click on desired E-Jets . General questions or comments about the E-Jets NEWS publication can be addressed to: E-Jets NEWS Tel: Fax: +55 12 3927 5761 +55 12 3927 5996 E-mail: ejets. Also. .Select “Maintenance” and then “Technical Support”.news@embraer. This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without Embraer’s written consent. brings the latest developments and shares in-service knowledge and maintenance best practices. Recipients are encouraged to distribute this newsletter to Embraer Customers.September 2009 Issue PROPRIETARY NOTICE The articles published in E-Jets NEWS are for information only and are an Embraer S/A property. It also provides troubleshooting tips to optimize aircraft utilization and efficiency in daily operation. It has relevant information to be shared with the technical departments. 34 From the Editor E-Jets NEWS is a publication that presents EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft technical items. .Login (enter username and password). please contact the local Embraer Field Service Representative. unless specifically stated. compiled by Embraer Fleet Technical Center (EFTC). such as Engineering and Maintenance.Select “E-Jets NEWS for Operators”.

and I/O functional parts of the code.AMM TASK 52-44-00-820-801-A will be revised in Dec/2009 to incorporate the new procedure. with regard to chafing between the folding strut of the fueling compartment access door and the slat torque tube. Additionally. Embraer SNLs 170-34-0024 and 190-340022 provides further details about the subject software modification and also about how to download the ACSS service bulletin.Embraer SNL 190-52-0017 was issued in Sep/2009 in order to indicate the proper folding strut adjustment. The changes are related to the Surveillance. The purpose is to avoid occurrence of TCAS FAIL CAS message in high-density traffic airports.September 2009 Issue No. Page 2 . 34 TCAS – New Software Modification Effectivity: EMBRAER 170/190 ACSS has released service bulletin 7517900-34-6032 which implements a minor modification of existing TCAS 2000 software. Embraer will inform the issuance of a Service Bulletin to address this issue as soon as it becomes available. due to an event reported from the field. Chafing between the Folding Strut of the Fueling Compartment Access Door and the Slat Torque Tube Effectivity: EMBRAER 190/195 Embraer would like to inform that. In this case the unit part number 7517900-55007 is upgraded to 7517900-55007 with Mod A. the following actions were taken: . . BITE. which describes the retrofit conditions.

7.September 2009 Issue No. according to CMM 36-11-30. 34 Towbarless Certification Process Effectivity: EMBRAER 170/190 As regards the EMBRAER 170/190 operation. 4. revised in May 2009. operator and aircraft that this tractor will operate. EMBRAER 170 fleet has a filter installed in the valve connected to the servo line. Normally. If not. according to AMM task 36-11-03-100801-A. If the towbarless pass the tests. where the towbarless will operate. follow the steps in the sequence. Verify if the towbarless model requested is already approved. NAPRSOV Filter Cleaning Procedure Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 Embraer and GE provided a new cleaning procedure for the Nacelle Pressure Regulating Shutoff Valve Filter installed in the bleed servo line for the EMBRAER 190 fleet. Embraer Technical Publication team is able to issue an NTO while those revisions are not released. This article clarifies the current process for towbarless certification. Page 3 . All the arrangements to perform these tests are done case by case. The use of the requested towbarless is only allowed after revision of ITEM and AMM. Embraer has been receiving requests to certify towbarless tractors according to the needs of operators and airports. (refer to ITEM and AMM). Embraer submits an approval request to the Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority and to the local authority. 6. or by the air blast method. 5. Embraer shall issue a Test Procedure Report for the towbarless testing. 2. The filter cleaning can be performed by the ultrasonic method. 3. However. no action is required. preferably) who shall make a PCR. 1. the operator has helped Embraer by providing an aircraft to test the equipment. After the paperwork has been approved. the ITEM and AMM will be revised to include the new towbarless. This procedure gives instructions to clean and test the sense line filter (AIPC 36-11-05) and is available on the Engine Maintenance Manual CD. Embraer internal process of "Product Change Request". If yes. AMM task 36-1105-130-801-A recommends the use of EMM TASK 71-00-36-100-803. Operator should contact its Embraer representative (Customer Account Manager. with details of towbarless manufacturer and model. Embraer and the towbarless manufacturer shall agree the towbarless certification costs and responsibilities.

ATA Maintenance Message Code Maintenance Message Text Status Effectivity 21 21515200AM1 21515200AM2 LOW LIMIT BYPASS VLV PK1)[C1]/WRG LOW LIMIT BYPASS VLV PK1)[C2]/WRG Spurious when triggered in CRUISE or APPROACH On aircraft POST MOD AMS soft BL9 SB170-21-0039 or SB190-21-0025 21 21516200AM1 21516200AM2 LOW LIMIT BYPASS VLV (PK2)[C1]/WRG LOW LIMIT BYPASS VLV (PK2)[C2]/WRG Spurious when triggered in CRUISE or APPROACH On aircraft POST MOD AMS soft BL9 SB170-21-0039 or SB190-21-0025 Page 4 . using the UNIGEN identification (UGB35BOI0256V2). in the market. This card will also receive a Honeywell part number. 34 DVDR – Recommended PCMCIA Card Effectivity: EMBRAER 170/190 Honeywell is currently revising DVDR CMM to include a new recommended qualified PCMCIA card to be used for DVDR data downloading. When the message LOW LIMIT BYPASS VLV PKx)[Cx]/WRG appears during CRUISE or APPROACH. An activation delay of 60 seconds will be added in the next LDI V10 version. This scenario will be included in the next revision of SNLs 170-45-0005 and 19045-0005. if necessary. Low Limit Valve Spurious Messages Effectivity: EMBRAER 170/190 New spurious messages have been identified with the implementation of Black Label 9 on the production line. it is recommended that operators purchase it. but while the new CMM revision is not available. it is considered spurious.September 2009 Issue No. The subject card is manufactured by UNIGEN and its part number is UGB35BOI0256V2.

which is the new improved hydraulic compartment half hinge. instances of the “TAILSTRIKE AVOID FAIL” CAS message have been reported to Embraer. which is FOC. 22 has brought an article about the occurrences of interference between the hydraulic compartment lateral door half hinge and the reservoir. a more robust control logic for the “TAILSTRIKE AVOID FAIL” CAS message will be available in the PRIMUS EPIC LOAD 23. In addition. was introduced through the SB 190-53-0017.System 1 has been revised to include the limits and repair procedures for this damage. A solution for that deviation was the change of the Headrest Cover and the SB 180-25-005 released in May 2009.SEAT UPGRADE.Hydraulic Reservoir . expected to be release in December 2009. The original issue of SB 190-530017 brought instructions to replace the hydraulic compartment half hinge with the new improved one. Embraer informs that: 1.Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 E-Jets News No. The article explains the root causes and informs that the final solution. Tail Strike Avoidance Service Bulletin Effectivity: EMBRAER 190/195 As previously informed through E-Jets News 83.System 2 and CMM 29-11-64 Hydraulic Reservoir . Pilot and Copilot Seat Headrest Cover Effectivity: EMBRAER 170/190 Sicma Aero Seat has introduced a change in the Headrest Cover of the Seat 180-Series by SB 180-25-005 . 34 Interference between Hydraulic Compartment Lateral Door Half Hinge and Reservoir . Further investigation revealed that these occurrences are due to the momentary loss of communication between the radar altimeter (RA) and antennas. CMM 29-11-66 . Page 5 . Embraer would like to inform that the SB 190-31-0029 (INDICATING/RECORDING SYSTEMS APM OPTIONS INSTALLATION TO DISABLE TAIL STRIKE AVOIDANCE FUNCTION) has been available on the Flyembraer website since August 2009. The main purpose of this SB is to allow the disabling of Tail Strike Avoidance (TSA) function trough APM option. 2. Embraer recommends that EMBRAER 170 and 190 operators accomplish the above SB. RA oscillation. As an update of that article. and failure of the Proximity Sensor Electronic Module (PSEM). Revision 1 of SB 19053-0017 has been issued to instruct operators about the inspection and repair of the hydraulic reservoirs as per the aforementioned CMMs. 85 and 128. The purpose of the change was to correct a deviation found during testing that consisted of the headrest foam and cover detaching from the headrest.September 2009 Issue No.

the duct must be installed with the application a torque of 20 to 25 lb. by the end of Sep/2009. 2. Monogram CMM also will be revised to correct the torque value. the corrective actions will be as follows: 1. 34 As a final as an interim solution to identify suspect sensors. 2009 to define the affected population of sensors that need to be replaced by screened (x-rayed) sensors no later than 700 flight hours. is not listed in the AIPC and nor is it called out in the AMM task for the Flush Valve Removal/Installation (Ref. which caused the engine stall events. all records of engine production runs were analyzed to identify bad T25 sensors. AIPC 38-3202 Fig 20 Item 80). The troubleshooting of the faults ended up showing faulty T25 (Compressor Inlet Temperature) sensors leading to the aforementioned events. which is part of the assembly. According to the CMM. where it was possible to identify that the RTD (Resistive Temperature Device) sensing element was located incorrectly inside the sensor sheath (refer to Figure 1). The suspect sensors have been identified and GE CF34-10E SB 77-A0003 was issued on August 28.September 2009 Issue No. Figure 1 . Duct PN 15801-152 will be added to the AIPC in the next schedule revision for November 2009. Flush Valve Low Reliability Effectivity: EMBRAER 170/190 Some operators have been experiencing a decrease of the reliability of the Flush Valve PN 14330-230 (Ref. CF34-10E T25 Sensors Recall Effectivity: EMBRAER 190/195 Embraer and GE have received reports of four engine stall events during takeoff on two different CF34-10E engines since March 2009. by the end of September 2009. The sensors removed during troubleshooting were sent back to shop for evaluation. Page 6 . 3. This makes the lavatories unavailable per MEL. The manufacturer reviewed the issue and the recommended torque must be 16 to 20 lb. The AMM task for Removal/Installation of the Flush Valve will be revised to add the duct removal/installation and the correct torque to be applied. In all cases. leading to inconsistent T25 readings. Further investigation on the root cause of the events showed inconsistent T25 readings were affecting the positioning of the VSVs (Variable Stator Vane) during engine acceleration. affecting the passengers. Operators have also reported that duct PN 15801-152. A preliminary investigation showed that the range of the torque is too high and deadlocks the successful takeoff aborts were accomplished. 38-32-02).CF34-10E T25 Cross Section Consequently. In view of this finding. manufacturing process/inspection changes were incorporated in September 2009 to guarantee the proper location of the RTD in the new T25 sensors.

4 of appendix H). 2001.981(a) & (b) and paragraph H25. the FAA promulgated rulemaking establishing new transport airplane fuel tank safety requirements.500 lbs or more. resulting from ignition of the flammable fuel/air mixture in the tank. Amendments 91-266. Page 7 Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 800 was a scheduled international passenger flight. The incident caused the thirdhighest number of fatalities of single-aircraft aviation accidents within U. and 129-30.S. The prevention of ignition is also covered by harmonized rulemaking promulgated by Brazilian authority ANAC (RBHA-88) and EASA (INT-Policy 2/12). and to develop all design changes required to demonstrate they meet the new ignition prevention requirements and develop fuel tank maintenance and inspection instructions.September 2009 Issue No. which require certain operators to incorporate FAAapproved fuel tank maintenance and inspection requirements into their maintenance or inspection programs. 1996. Conditions prepre-TWA 800 . It exploded in mid-air and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches. 121-282. Other accidents that have occurred as a result of ignition from an unknown source have highlighted the difficulty in preventing ignition from occurring within fuel tanks. New York. which includes ignition prevention design and maintenance requirements (#25. FAA rulemaking effective on June 6. of flight TWA 800 (Boeing 747-131). included: SFAR88. 34 Focus on… Fuel Tank Safety: SFAR 88 and Flammability Exposure Assessment SFAR 88 Following the accident occurred on July 17th. 125-36. All 230 people on board were killed and the aircraft was destroyed. territory. and. whose probable cause was traced back to an explosion of the center wing fuel tank. which requires type certificate (TC) and supplemental type certificate (STC) holders to conduct a revalidation of the fuel tank system designs in the existing fleet of transport category airplanes carrying 30 or more passengers or a payload of 7. Amendment 25-102.

Evaluation for Single Failures 2. Evaluation for Combination of Failures 3. or payload capacity of 7. Proposed solutions (changes to aircraft and/or maintenance plan) were also included in those reports. All EMB 120 Brasilia and ERJ 145 family safety assessment reports. including fuel tank.September 2009 Issue No. Flammability Exposure Time Since 2001 Embraer has been engaged in fuel tank safety issues. To make their determination. Embraer submitted reports identifying all points of potential non-compliance. Proposed solutions were tailored to meet FAA's very demanding compliance criteria. Page 8 . were already approved by the authorities and made available to operators. 1992). This rule is applicable to aircraft with a capacity for 30 or more passengers. Embraer used the fourelement criteria: 1. 34 Any unsafe condition was identified from the findings of the SFAR 88 fuel tank safety review. EMBRAER 170 and EMBRAER 190 fuel systems have shown compliance with 14 CFR 25. Affected points became design modifications and/or maintenance tasks to guarantee design features during the whole aircraft operational life. Evaluation for In-Service Experience 4. adjacent areas and systems focused on SFAR 88 requirements. For fuel tanks installed in aluminum wings. as well as Service Bulletins and Maintenance Plan tasks related to the subject.981 (a) and (b) (amendment 25-102) and 25. Flammability Exposure Assessment Additional more recent rulemaking (14 CFR Part 26 Subpart D) issued by the FAA proposes that holders of certain airplane TCs should conduct a flammability exposure analysis of their aircraft fuel tanks.500 lbs or more (produced on/or after January 1st. a qualitative assessment is sufficient if it substantiates that the tank is a conventional unheated wing tank.901 during certification campaign. with a complete design review of the fuel systems for the EMB 120 Brasilia and ERJ 145 family. The Flammability Exposure Analysis will be calculated according to an analytical method (Monte Carlo analysis) which was specified as the compliance means of assessing the fleet average flammability exposure time for a fuel tank. The required analyses indicated that the fuel tank that has an average flammability exposure below or equal to 7 percent. no changes would be required.

the Embraer Commercial Fleet is not affected. Fuel tanks with an aerodynamic surface area to volume ratio (surface area/volume) greater than 1. manufacturers would be required to develop design modifications to support a retrofit of the airplane fuel tanks. directly to the wing lower skin. but determined not to be unsafe should itemized and subjected to a MSG-3 review (Standard & EZAP). ERJ 145 family (except for the XR model ventral tank). Fuel tank structure is constructed with sufficient baffling to minimize fuel sloshing and the refueling system introduces fuel into the tanks. near the bottom. minimizing the flammability exposure. such as installation of any FRM (Flammability Reduction Means) or IMM (Ignition Mitigation Means). For the ERJ 145XR ventral tank a quantitative analysis using the Monte Carlo sheet demonstrated that the flammability exposure of that tank is lower than the 7 percent limit. Page 9 . Issue No.0 meeting the criteria of a conventional unheated aluminum wing tank. spraying and misting.981-2A. As for the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) nº 2008-19.September 2009 For fuel tanks with average flammability exposure above 7 percent. The EMB 120 Brasilia. sloshing. Some general features of all aircraft were considered in the qualitative analysis: There are no heated center wing tanks on these aircraft. All ignition source prevention features identified by the safety review. once this rule is applicable only to new designs or a major change/STC. No modification to the aircraft. 34 Flammability Exposure Analysis: a) below or equal to 7% -> no changes required b) above 7% -> design modifications required "Unsafe Condition" Not compliant with SFAR 88 requirements. EMBRAER 170 and EMBRAER 190 fuel tanks were evaluated considering a qualitative assessment with basis on the fact that they are conventional unheated aluminum wing tank. Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction Means. will be necessary. "No Unsafe Condition" Compliant with SFAR 88 requirements. at low velocities and balanced in both tanks. Concluding All reports containing the flammability exposure assessment for all Embraer commercial fleet affected by the rule were approved by the FAA on July 2009. Fuel tank adjacent areas are adequately ventilated and cooled by airflow during flight. Those design practices reduce the potential for fuel agitation. There are no significant heat sources installed near the fuel tanks. according to AC 25.

EZAP = Enhanced Procedure FAA = Federal Aviation Administration FOC = Free of Charge GE = General Electric Company I/O = Input/Output ITEM = Illustrated Tool and Equipment Manual LDI = Loadable Diagnostic Information MEL = Minimum Equipment List MRB = Maintenance Review Board MSG-3 = Maintenance Steering Group-3 NTO = No Technical Objection PCMCIA = Personal Computer Memory Card International Association PN = Part Number RBHA = Regulamento Brasileiro de Homologação Aeronáutica (Brazilian Aeronautical Requirements) Page 10 .S.September 2009 Acronyms ACSS = Aviation Communication & Surveillance Systems AIPC = Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog AMM = Aircraft Maintenance Manual AMS = Air Management System ANAC = Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority) APM = Aircraft Personality Module BITE = Built-In Test CAS = Crew Alerting System CDCCL = Critical Design Configuration and Control Limitations CFR = Code of Federal Regulation (U.) DVDR = Digital Voice Data Recorder EASA = Agency European Aviation Zonal Safety Analysis SB = Service Bulletin SFAR = Special Regulation Issue No. 34 Federal Aviation SNL = Service Newsletter TCAS = System Traffic Collision Avoidance Note: All abbreviations used in EMBRAER Maintenance Manuals can be found in the Introduction to AMM Part II.

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