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ppr maths nbk

CHAPTER 5 : THE STRAIGHT LINE

EXERCISE 1 1. In the diagram , PQ is a straight line.y


P 4

2 0 4 3 2 1 1 2

2 Find (a) the y-intercept, (b) the gradient , of the straight line. 2. y Q (5,1 )

$ns%er &a)''''''''.'. b)'''''''''

! P " # (etermine the y-intercept of the straight line 2y ) # * -

! Find a) the gradient of PQ b) the e+,ation of straight line PQ !.

$ns%er &a)''''''''' b)'''''''''

x (etermine the gradient of the straight line y * .+ -

ppr maths nbk $ns%er &''''''' .. y F /(-2,0) " 5. 1

2he diagram sho%s t%o straight lines, /F and F1, on a 3artesian plane. 2he gradient of /F is 1 and the distance of F1 is 1" ,nits. 2he #-intercept of F1 is $ns%er &''''''''''.

0.

2he gradient of the straight line 2# 4 0y * 1! $ns%er &'''''''''...

5.

2he # - intercept of the straight line .# ) 2y * 12 is $ns%er &'''''''''

In the diagram, $6 is a straight line. y $ -12 " -! 6 7hat is the gradient of $6 8 #

$ns%er &'''''''''..

-.

In the diagram, 9: * 9;. 2he e+,ation of :; is y ; : -. # " $ns%er&''''''''''

1". .

In the diagram , <=2 is a right-angled triangle. y =(0,5) <


0

2(0,.)
x

Find a) the coordinate of <, b) the e+,ation of the straight line =2.

$ns%er &.a)'............................. b)''''''''.

CHAPTER 5 : THE STRAIGHT LINE EXERCISE 2 1. P y Q (!,5)

# 5

2he diagram sho%s a parallelogram 9PQ:. 1i>en that the gradient of 9P * - ! . 2he #-intercept of line Q: is '...... $ns%er &''''''''' 2. y Q(",5) :(12,!) P " ;(.,?) In the diagram, PQ:; is a parallelogram. 2he e+,ation of the straight line :; is 2y * # ) 0. Find a) the >al,e of ?, b) the gradient of the straight line Q:, $ns%er& a)'''''''' b)'''''''. #

!. In the diagram, 9PQ: is a parallelogram and 9 is the origin. Find a) the gradient of the straight line 9:, b) the e+,ation of the straight line PQ y Q :(2,.) P(0,1) " # $ns%er& a)''''''' b)'''''''. .. In the diagram PQ:; is a parallelogram P(-2,12) y

" :

a) 1i>en that the gradient of line PQ is -!, find the e+,ation of PQ b) Find the coordinate of point :. $ns%er a)................................. b) ................................

5.

In the diagram, =@ is a straight line. 1i>en that the gradient of the straight line =@ is -1. y =(-!,-)

@(",?) " Find (a) the >al,e of ?, (b) the e+,ation of the stragiht line =@. $ns%er& a)'''''''' b)''''''''. 0. In the diagram abo>e, $63( is a parallelogram and 9 is the origin. 2he 2 straight line 6( is parallel %ith the y-a#is and the e+,ation of line $6 is y * # 4 .. ! y 6(0,1") #

" Find (a) the #-intercept of the straight line $6, (b) the gradient of $(,

$ns%er& a)'''''''' b)''''''''

y Q(., )

;(1",2) " P(2,") : #

5. In the diagram, PQ is parallel to :; and 9 is the origin. Find a) the gradient of :; b) the #- intercept of :; $ns%er& a)'''''''' b)'''''''' 1 . In the diagram 9< * ! 9$ and the length of the straight line 9$ is - ,nits. y $ 6

" < (a) Find the coordinate of point 6. (b) 3alc,late the gradient of line <6.

# $ns%er a).................................. b)..................................

-. In the diagram, 3( is parallel to /F. y ( y * !#45 " 3 Find (a) the #-intercept of line 3(, (b) the e+,ation of straight line /F. F #

/(-1,-.) $ns%er& a)'''''''' b)''''''''

5 1". In the diagram, /F1@ is a parallelogram. 1i>en that the gradient of line /F is 2 . Find the coordinate of point 1.

y / . F " 1 # $ns%er& '''''''' @( ,5)

CHAPTER 5 : THE STRAIGHT LINE DIAGNOSTIC TEST 1. In (iagram 1, <A is a straight line. < 0 # " A Find the gradient of <A. $ -2 ! 6 3 ( $ 6 3 ( 1 2 ! . 2. 1i>en that the e+,ation of a straight line is # ) 2y 4 ! * ". Find the #-intercept of the straight line. . ! - . 2 (iagram 1 y

!. In (iagram 2, the length of 93 is 2 ,nits. y 6 $(1",0)


9 3

(iagram 2

$ 6 3

! . . 2he gradient of line 63 is

-! y

:(-2,- )

P( ,2) 9 (iagram ! #

.. 6ased on (iagram !, find the e+,ation of line P:. $ y * -# ) 0 6 y * -# 4 0 3 y*#40 ( y*#)0 ! 5. In (iagram ., the e+,ation of the line 7B is y * . #. Q ( , ?) is a point on the line 7B. y 7 Q ( , ?) (iagram . #

" B $ 6 3 ( Find the >al,e of ?. 0 5 0. 2he e+,ation of 2 a straight line passing thro,gh the point ( -!, the line y * # 4 5 is ! 2 $ y* #4 ! 6 !y * 2# 4 1" 3 ( !y * 2 2# 4 !" y * ! # -!

) and parallel to

y / (iagram 5

"

5. In (iagram 5, 9/ * 91. Find the gradient of line /1. $ 1 6 -1 3 2 ( -2 y C(-!,0)

(iagram 0 "

$ 6 3 (

. In (iagram 0, find the gradient of the line 9C. 1 1 2 2 -. 2he y-intercept of the straight line .y * ! ) 2# is ! $ 6 3 ( . 1 -2 ! -. 1 2

y : D ( ., ) (iagram 5

" P #

1". In (iagram . 5, the length of 9P is 1" ,nits. 2he e+,ation of line P: is $ y* #4 5 . 6 y * - 5# 4 5 3 y * # 4. . 5 ( y*-.#4.

CHAPTER 5 : THE STRAIGHT LINE EXERCISE 1 1. y Q(1,.) :(5,5)

# P(-1,") 9 ; (iagram 1 In (iagram 1, straight lines PQ and :; are parallel. Find the a) b) c) gradient of the line PQ , e+,ation of the line :; , #-intercept of the line :;.

2. A

y.

E 9 <(5,")

= (iagram 2 In (iagram 2, straight lines E= and <A are parallel. 2he e+,ation of the line E= is y 4 !# 4 ! * ". Find the a) b) c) gradient of the line E= , e+,ation of the line <A , y-intercept of the line <A.

!.

F(!,?)

1(5,1")

/ 9 @ #

(iagram ! In (iagram !, straight line F1 is parallel to the #-a#is %hile the lines /F and 1@ are parallel. 2he gradient of the line /F is 2. a) b) c) .. ;tate the >al,e of ? , Find the e+,ation of the line 1@ , Find the coordinates of the point / . y < (5,2")

= 9 #

E (iagram . In (iagram ., 9E=< is a parallelogram and line <= is parallel to the y-a#is.Point = is on the #-a#is. a) b) c) ;tate the coordinates of the point = , Find the y-intercept of the line E=, Find the e+,ation of the line E=.

5. y

F( , ?) C 2(-2,1) # ; 9 (iagram 5 7

In (iagram 5 , the e+,ation of the straight line ;2CF is 2y * # 4 .. 2he lines 92 and C7 are parallel. Find the a) b) c) >al,e of ? , y-intercept of the line ;2CF , e+,ation of the line C7 .

CHAPTER 5 : THE STRAIGHT LINE EXERCISE 2 1. 6(-!,1") $ O y

3 #

= + 2he e+,ation of the straight line $6 in (iagram 1 is y 2x 10. a) ;tate the e+,ation of the straight line 63, b) Find the #-intercept of the straight line $6, c) Find the e+,ation of $3.

(iagram 1

G C

B (0,5) 3 (-2,!) F O ( ( ,-2) 2. (iagram 2 In (iagram 2, the straight line CF is parallel to 3(. 9 is the origin. a) 3alc,late the gradient of line 3(, b) Find the e+,ation of line CBF, c) Find x- intercept of line CBF.

!. : Q (h , ! )

# P( - , " ) " ; ( 0, " )

(iagram ! In (iagram !, the gradient of the straight line PQ: is !.Find the a) >al,e of h b) y-intercept of the line :; c) e+,ation of the line :;

..

y 6 (2 , 3 $ (2 , ! ) # " (iagram . )

In (iagram ., 9$63 is a parallelogram. Find the a) coordinates of 3 b) e+,ation of the straight line 63

5. G Q 12 ;

-. P :

(iagram 5 In (iagram 5, straight lines PQ and :; are parallel. a) ;tate the gradient of PQ b) Find the e+,ation of :; c) Find the intercept of :;

CHAPTER 5 : THE STRAIGHT LINE DIAGNOSTIC TEST y 1. $ 6 (0, 5) ( 9 3 (0, ") (iagram 1 #

In (iagram 1, $ and ( are located on the y-a#is and $63( is a parallelogram. 1 2 If the gradient of $6 * - , a) ;tate the gradient of 3(. b) (etermine the coordinates of (. c) Find the e+,ation of the straight line $6. I 5 marks J 2. P (", -) Q (5, 5)

9 : (", -5) (iagram 2 (iagram 2 sho%s a triangle PQ:.

a) ;tate the y-intercept of the straight line PQ, b) Find the e+,ation of the straight line Q:, c) Find the e+,ation of a straight line that passes thro,gh P and parallel to the straight line Q:. I 5 marks J

!.

y <

A (iagram !

In (iagram !, <A * 12 ,nits and parallel to the y-a#is. 1i>en A9 * 0 ,nits and 2 P9 * <A, ! a) ;tate the coordinates of P, b) Find the gradient of the straight line P<, c) Find the e+,ation of the straight line P<. I 5 marks J .. y ( y* 2# 4 ? $ # 9 3 Diagram 4 In (iagram . , t%o straight lines $6 and 3( intersect at point (-1, !). 1i>en the gradient of $6 is -1, find the a) >al,e of ?, b) e+,ation of the straight line $6, c) coordinates of point /. / 6

I 5 marksJ

5. P (-!, 0)

y Q (h, ?) < (., !)

9 (iagram 5

In (iagram 5, 9Q and P: intersect at < %hich is midpoint of 9Q. 1i>en 9 is the origin. Find a) the >al,e of h and ?, b) the e+,ation of the straight line P: . I 5 marksJ