Washmgton, D.C. 20537 \ 10 '1
Re: 78-1528-F
Independent Research Associates
6 Bleecker Street
New York City, New York 10012
Dear Gentlemen:
Your Freedom of Information-Privacy Act request seeking information
from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has been processed.
The processing of your request identified certain material which
will be released ,to you. The material not released is being
withheld pursuant to the following subsections of the Freedom
of Information Act (5 USC 552), which exempt from disclosure
matters that are:
(b) ( 7) contained in investigatory records compiled for law
enforcement purposes , the disclosure of which would :
(C) constitute an unwarranted invasion of the
personal privacy of another person,
(F) endanger the life or physical safety of law
enforcement personnel.
The document reproduction and/or search fees have been waived and
the documents are being forwarded to you with this letter.
If you are dissatisfied with the results of the processing
of your request, you may seek a review of this action by
contacting the Office of Privacy and Information Appeals,
Office of the Associate Attorney General , Department of Justice ,
Washington, D.C. 20530 .
Peter B. Bensinger
~ L   ~
by Donald E. Miller
Chief Counsel
;::.:.ve. LJ.o:r 6,1>'51

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cc-Dist. #l5 v/enclosuro
1!Jnittb &tates Jlepartmrnt of
Mr. Alan J. Weberman
Independent Research Associates
6 Bleecker Street
New York , New York 10012 Re: Appeal No. 9-0724
Oear Nr . Weberman:
You appealed from the partial denial by Administrator
Peter B. Bensinger, Drug Enforcement Administration , of
your request for records pertaining to Senator Joseph R.
McCarthy .
After careful consideration, I have decided to affirm
the action of D. E . A. The only material which was withheld
consists solely of the names of D. E . A. agents and allegations
of criminal conduct by persons other than Senator McCarthy.
This material is exempt from mandatory disclosure pursuant
to 5 u. s . c. 552 (b) (7) (C) and (7 ) (D) and discretionary release
is not appropriate .
Judicial review of my action on this appeal is available
to you in the United States District Court for the judicial
district in which you reside or have your principal place of
business, or in the District of Columbia , which is also
where the records you seek are located.
Sincerely ,
John H. Shenefield
By: J L..C:...
Qui9 an J. Shea , r ., Direct r
Office of Privacy and InformatioR Appeals
1JBepartmrnt of Justice
WASHINlo TON, D.C. .20530
APR I 0 I 18
Mr. Alan Jules Weberman
Independent Research Associates
6 Bleecker Street
New York, New York 10012
Dear Mr . {-Jeberman:
This is to advise you that your administrative appeal
Lo the Associate Attorney General from the action by the
Drug Lnforcement Administration on your
request for information from the files of the Department of
Juslice was received by this Office on March 26, 1979 .
This Office has a substantial backlog of pending appeals
received pr ior to yours and a shortage of attorneys. In an
attempt to afford each appellant equal and impartial treatment,
we have adopted a general practice of assigning appeals to
Office attorneys in the approximate order of receipt . Your
<1ppeal has been assigned number 9-0724 . Please mention this
number in any future correspondence with this Office concerning
Lhis specific appeal.
Ue will notify you of the decision of the Associate
Attorney General on your appeal as soon as we can. !he
necessity of this delay i s re6retted and your continuing
courtesy is appreciated.
Janice AJams
Administrative Staff Assi stant
Of f ice of Privacy and Information

dt• ltl jluurt•.
'rmis des lwmmrs.
('fJ t/t•.f porrulun.r; ou ,
·e-Empi re. 1980
·rull<·.,·. lf'rancc l . 1943
' hundred li lh articles
!_\'. 1954-.
I cnrumologist. Remy
uch ut>out populat ion.
· , from the animal king-
\t c.1m:c remarked. he
:.tlinlr.!. with  
• gros..; . What are
rai :-;c no caulc.
-tomgl.!''! Ants hccs
trs ..
111 UniL' C'TS(', Chauvin
t'i. as well recreates
tctl wl lll the i m.;ccts to
social and individual
tl hy critics. this study
atcd a n.:Yicwcr in the
au,·i n also investi gate.'\
.tis. Since the behavior
.•ted. mct hoc.h uf ana-
hisricateJ. It is for thi s
rvatinn as the method
Fnr example. while
lcnrnl!d that
l.. illlity to each nthcr in
'ln<lns sec and
1c o;;pccics misscs. the
\' icwcd in
111 tlbscrvcr. Chauvin.
rk Time•.\ /Jook H t.Ti£' 1\'
·t'k.:ial ;.mimals !hmugh
tal. sympothet ic IIM>ugh
::;. !.i l'rllr\' Journal.
1ril . 1%1 : -Enmomisl ,
r 1h. I <J(l:": Tim('·'· Lit-
·t:ttml'ost ilfK1k World.
' l1mkJ, Novcmbl:r 21,
t•t d 1%8. April 4.
, I '110: Oh.l'en·er. De-
lli tor, April I. 1971:
l;,tnuary _ JlJK 1: St ·h·nn•
•nU>ITY. li)X Comrm-
i'J!l -
11 \\'arrington. Lan-

cashire, England. Home: Kirhnnan. Castle Douglas , Kirk-
cudbrightshire DG7 I PE, Scotland.
Architect. writer. editor. Memlur: Royal Institute
of British ArchitccL, ,
WRITINGS: Shull I Bt· an ArchiteC't?, A. Wheaton & Co. ,
1967; (editor with David Sidney Parlett) House' s Guide to the
Rt.•t·ommt•lldutioiJ.{, Rt.•xularimrs. am} Stututory afJd Adrisory
Bodies of the Industry, House Independent Publish-
ing. 1968, revised edition (with Margaret Fisher). 1970; (editor
with Jdhn Painter Piper) Wiltshiu: ,\ Shell Guide, 3rd edition
(Cheetham was not associated with earlier editions published
as .\'hell Guide tu Wiltshire). Merrimack Book Service, 1968;
(under name Hal Cheetham) Portrait of Oxford, R. Hale. 1971,
publi, hcd as Portrait of Oxford: Hi>Wry arrd Guidt of tht• City
of Oxford. England, Internati onal Publications Services . 1972;
E.m·11ce Books i11 fluiltli11g . Macmillan. 1972-; (editor) Guide
to rlw Reuland. 1973. JlUblished .._, Rtd-
laml Guidi.' to tltt• Recmnmendations, Rexulmion.L (lnd Statu-
wry cr11d A(b·isury Bodit•.f of tht.• Construction Industry, 1974.
Contributor of articles I<> periodicals. including Hlackll'ulXis
  Hou.n· and Garden. and Architt•rt.r' Journal .
* * *
CH'EN, Chi-yun 1933-
PERSONAL: Bum May 1933. in Canton. China; came to
the United States in 19611. naturalized citizen. 1973; son of
Chok-sun {Won-yin) Chen and Shao Po-ching: married Yvonne
Yuan-aan (an architect). 1962: children: Donna Tc-wei. Da-
vina Tc-min. Education: Taiwan Ntmnal Universit y. B.Ed. ,
1'156; New Asia College. Hong Kong. M.A .. 1958; Harvard
University. A.M., 1962. Ph.D .. 1967. Office: Department of
Hist ory. Uni versity of Califomb. Santa Barbara, Calif. 93106.
University of Malaya. Kual a Lumpur, lecturer in
Chinese history. 1'163-67; University of California . Santa Bar-
bara. a"istant professor. 1967-74. as., ociatc professor. 1974-
XO. professor of hi story. 1980-. Visiting assnciate professor
at Harvard University. 1973-74; Mok Hing Cheong senior fel-
low at Chi nese University of Hong Kong. llf<•ml>er: American
Historical Association. Associati on of Asian St udies .
WRITINGS: limn Yuch. A.D. 1411-20<J: The Life and Reflcc·
rirms of till Eurl_r Ml'die\·a/ Confucit.m, Cambridge University
Press. 1975: H.wn Yudr am/ rite Mi11d of Late Ha11 China,
Princeton University Press. 1980.
* * *
CHESEBRO, James William 1944-
f'ERSONAL: Unm June 24. 1944, in MinneaJlolis, Minn. ;"'"
uf Floyd J. and Jeanette M. Chcsehro. Erlucmimr: Univc"it y
uf Minnesota. B. A .. 19M. Ph. D . . 1972; Illinoi s Stale Uni -
\'Crsity. M.S .. 1%7. Residence: Forest Hill s. N.Y. Offin•:
Department of Communication Arts and Sciences. Queens Col-
lege of the Cit)' Uni versity nf New York. Flushing. N. Y.
CMlEER: Concordia College. Moorhead, Minn .. instructor in
speech communication. 1967-69; Templ e University. Phila-
delphia. Pa .. as'istanl profcssnr. 1971-79, associate profes.or
of speech communication. 19H0-81 : Queens College of the City
University of New York. Flushing. N. Y .. associate professor
ofwmmunicatiun arts and •cicnces. 1981-. M""rher: Speech
Communi cati on nf Ameri ca. Rhetoric Society of
I i
I '
! '
! I
America, American Institute for Political Communication.
Central States Speech Communication As.ociation. Eastern
Communication Association. Awards. honorJ: Fell ow of Na-
tional Endowment for the Humanities. 1974.
WR£1'/NGS: (With Bernard L. Brock) Public Policy DeciJimr-
Making: Systtms A11olysis and Compararivr Ad\'Untagcs De-
bate. Harper, 1973; (with Caroline Hamsher) Orirnratio11 to
Public Communication, Science Research Associates. 1976;
(editor) Gayspeak: Gay Male!Lc.<bian Communications, Pil-
grim Press, 1981. Contributor to spt.-cch journals. Editor of
in Ccmttmporary Rhetoric and Commu11icarion. 1971-
WORK IN PROGRESS: LJrmrwtism and Dramacurg_1·: Com·
munimtion as Lift and Metaphor; research on neurophysio-
logical responses of the br"in to electronic media; research on
illness as a rhetorical act, o r psychosomatic illness as a function
of symbolically constructed social realities.
SIDEUGIITS: Chesebw wrote: .. At present. rny research ef-
fort is to integrate area.' of investigation traditionally vi ewed
as discrete. Particularly. I am seeking theoretical schema
which unifies symbol-using, physiological reactions of the hrJin
and central nervous system. and media usc under the term.
drama. These linkages are being UC\'eloped in parts. I ha\'e
linked and physiological reactions. ncumphys-
iological reactions and media. drama anc..l media. What remains
is to develop one schema which unities these dimensions ...
* * *
CHESHIRE, Maxine 1930-
PERSONAL: Born AprilS. 1930. in Harlan, Ky.; daughter of
Millard F. (a union lawyer) and Sylvia (a legal aide: maiden
name, Cornett) Hall: married Hcrben W. Cheshire (a journal-
ist), April 25. 1954; chi Uren: Marc. Hall. Paden. Lei gh. Ed-
ucariott.' Attended Univer.;ityofKcntucky. and Union
College, 1951 -52.
CAREER: Reporter for Burbmcrvi/1<- Mounrain Adi'V<'UI<'. Bar-
bourville. Ky .. and Harral! Daily Enterprise. Harlan, Ky. :
Knoxville Knoxville. Tenn .. police reponer,
1951-54; WashinKton p.,,-,, Washingtun. D.C .. wo men's page
reporter. 1954-65, columnist. 1965-81. Author of"VI P"column
for l os Angeles Times :>yndieate. beginning 1965. Spans
stringrr for Couritr-Journal; stringer fo r
(newsletter for women). ,f>vords. honors: Worth Bingham
Award, 1974, for distingutshed reporting: Front Page Award
from the Baltimore- Washington Newspaper Guild: George
Pryor Award; Sigma Delta Chi award, 1976; Drew Pearson
Award for Journalism fro m the National Press Cl ub. 1976, for
cc:nribution to investigath'c reponing."
WRITINGS: (With John r; tt:en)·a) Maxine Cll<•shin'. Reporter.
Houghton. 1978. Contributor of articles to magazines.
SIDELIGHTS: Although Clteshirc's Jln>fcsscd ambition was tn
be a lawyer. her outobiography. Maxitre ('lrcshiu. Reporter.
reveals her early inclination toward JOUrnalism. At the age of
five, recalled the author. stopped at the local newspaper
office on her way home from kindergarten and told the wom-
an's page editor: " I know everything that goes on in this town.
and if you give me a job so will you ... Si• teen yean. later
Cheshire joined the paper's staff as a reporter. eventuall y nKw-
ing to the Po.<l . where she gai ned national repute
"for her expertise in the field of Inside Dirt ... pointed out Nora
Ephron in the Nck· York Time.< /look R••,•iell'.
The daughter of a uni on attorney, Cheshire was bom and raised
in Harlan. Kentucky, better known during the 1930' s as "bloody
Harlan." It was in Harlan that Cheshire received her " baptism
by fire , .. spending the first twenty-one years of her life amidst
the violence of the area's continuing war between the pro-
union coal and the anti-union mine owners. The
tobiog .... phy reviews the events of Cheshire's early life. in-
cluding incidents such as the time she was caught, while still
a babe in arms, in the machine-gun crossfire of an anti-union
debacle. The journalist also recollects watching throughout her
childhood as her father perfonned the ritual of strapping on
hi s bulletproof vest each morning before he left the house.
Cheshi re's father died in 1951. leaving his family easy prey
for his former enemies . Thus, when the city's political strong-
armer. Merle Middleton. found himself in need of an alibi after
a double murder in downtown Harlan, he simply lied to au-
thorities. According to Cheshire, he fa bricated a story about
having been with her and her attorney looking at some tim-
berlands. It was made perfectl y clear, recounted the author,
that were she to deny Middleton his nealed alibi her two younger
brothers would likel y meet with a fatal " accident. .. Needing
no further impetus. the family fl ed Harlan under CO\'cr of night.
taking only S4.500 in cash and a loaded .38 revol\'cr. They
relocated in Knoxville. Tennessee, where the journalist found
work as a police reporter with the Kno.noillc News·Sentind.
And. Cheshire noted in her autobiography, " 1 ha\'e never set
foot in Kentucky again."
.. As • result of such experiences. she \Cheshire! has a belief
in the mob and a .cnsc of conspiracy equaled only by other
mob reporters and Government prosecutors.'· opined Ephrnn.
"For several years, she carri ed a gun in the glove cOmJlortment
of her car. She has a mobster's contempt for informers. even
when they arc her informers. . . And she quotes with glee
remarks from others that make her sount.l as fearsome as any
Godfather. .. Supporting Ephron's assessment. criti c Michael
llalberstam admitted in the Wa.,hillgton Post Book World: .. A
Washington reviewer approache> Ibis b<x>k with some trepi-
dation. Maxine Cheshire . after all. not only has a reputation
as a tough reporter. hut docs not hesitate to proclaim it in her
b<>Ok... As evidence. Halbcr.;tam offered the foll owing ex-
cerptS fmm ,\f<nine Clwshir<·. Reporter: " Drew Pearson' s widow
' told a mutual that I was the only person in Wash-
ington her husband really feared' ; ' Whatever the FBI rn:oy have .
it's probably nothing compared to what is tucked away in the
Iiies of Maxine Cheshire· (James J . Kilpartrickl: and · My net-
work of sources is so vast and infamous that Teddy Kennedy
once said that if Bobby had been elected he was going to give
me the choice of eit her Dick Helms· or J. Edgar Hoover'.<
jobs.' ..
Cheshire began her career a society reporter after moving
to Washington. D.C.. followi ng her marriage , in 1954. to Herb
Cheshire . a UPI (United Press International) bureau chief. ln
Wa<hington she took the onl y newspaper j ob she could find.
working on the woman's page of the WashiiiKI<In Post. " I
walked into the job with my nose in the air. intending to stay
only long enough to trJnsfcr In citysidc coverage. or anywhere
else. as soon as possibl e. I was not interested in tea-party
journalism ... remembered Cheshire . · • As it turned out, neither
was my new boss !Marie Sauer! . As much as anyQIIc in Amer-
ican journalism ... Sauer was responsible for the shift away
from the tradition of lightweight chitchat of the nation's wom-
en' s pages . I had stumbled into the righr place at precisely the
right time ... Actuall y, " Ma•ine Cheshire made the most of
what was open to her, .. observed Halbcrstam. " Brilliant , in-
• •••
corruptible, she not only overshadowed her sisters in 'society
repmti ng, ' but many of her colleagues on the c ity and national
desks . "
Initially. Cheshire made her mark at the Washington Post by
covering First Ladies. Then. in 1962, after writing a series of
articles revealing Jacqueline Kennedy's plans for redecorating
the White House. the reporter was rewarded with her own
column. "VIP'' (for "Very Interesting People") quickly earned
the Oe dgling columnist her repUtation as "!hal Cheshire Cal. ..
Syndicated in 1965, "VIP" regularly scooped the competition,
drawing on the journalist 's growing files of information and
;cemingly endlc" sources. Noted for he r investigative re-
sourcefulness, Cheshire maintains lhut " I he onl y way to keep
a secret in Washington, if you are the only person who knows
it , is never to tell another living soul." According to reports.
the award-winning journali st spends twemy-five thousand dol-
lors a year on telephone bills. lists her phone number. and
accepts calls day or nighl from anyone. " I once told an editor
at 1hc Post." she boasted in her book. " lhal all I need to gel
a s<ory is a roll of dimes and a 1clephonc boolh---t can find
ou1 anything wilh a 1elephonc."
Cheshire's many exclusives support her claims. Her S<:oops
have inducted stori es on Jacki e, E1hyl. and Joan Kennedy's
pregnancies, Henry Kissinger's latest 13dy friends. the Kcn-
marriage, Richard Nixon·s disapproval of son-
in- Jaw Edward Cox. and the friendship of Fronk Sinmra and
Spiro Agnew. In 1968 Cheshire predic1ed Lyndon Baines John-
son's announcemenl that he would not seck another 1erm as
president nf the United States; she wa1 the only reporter in I he
country to do so. And in 1976 Cheshire's by-line appeared on
I he from page above the highly-acclaimed expose on unreported
gins g iven by fore ign govemmenLI 10 pubhc figures. The gifts.
which violated a 1966 stalute, included S2 million worth of
state-gift jewels to 1he Nixo n fa mily women. The fullnwing
year. Cheshire once again won plaudits for her front -page dis-
closure of the Tongsun Park scandal. involving innuence ped-
dl ing by the Korean Government. ·
Cheshire shows no signs of slowing down he r career. At the
end of her au10biography she tclb aboul the lime she went to
her office delcnnincd In quit; she did not. Later, when she was
aske<.l whal had stopped her, she replied. " I was busy and jusl
never had the lime." She concluded: "I have so many more
stories I slill want 1n do, slories that are as imponant to me as
Jewels and Korcagate .... My life would be simple if re-
poning weren't so imponant to me. Bul il is:·
Darbaralee Diamonslei n. Opc•n Sc•cre/S, Viking. 1\172;
February 5. 1973, January 3. 1\177: Newsweek. February 5.
1973 : Maxine Cheshire and John Oreenya. Mruillt' Cheshire,
Reporrcr , Houghton, 1978; Wa.rhingtrml'ost Book World. June
4, 1\178; Nell' York Time.1· Bt}()k Review. July 16. 1978.•
-Skrtclt h.v Ullicm S
* * *
CHILES, Webb 1941-
PERSONAL.: Born November I I , 1941 . in St. Louis. Mo. ; son
of William Tedford and Mari on Weber; married four
(di vt>rced ). Education: University of Dubuque. B.A .. 1963.
lfom<' addrrs . .: c/o Saylor, 1608 Watwood, Lemon Grove .
Calif. 92045. Agent: Peter Shepherd. Harold Ober Associales,
40 East 49th Sl.. New York, N. Y. 10017.
CAREER: Write r and sailor. Lecturer ; guest on le levision pro-
grams. including lhe "Mcrv Griffin Show."
WRITINGS: Storm Passagr: Almre Around Cape Horn (Dol-
phin Book Club selection). Times Books, 1977; The
Bow: Across rhe Pacific (Dolphin Book Club selection}, Nor-
ion, The Open Boat If: The Easr. Nonon. in press.
Contributor to magazines and newspapers . including Cruising
World. Yachting \Varld. Yachti1111 Monrlrly. and Modern Boat-
WORK IN PROGRESS: Tlrt• Open Bontlll: Arross the Atlamic,
publi cation by Sail Booh e xpecte d in 1984.
SIDELIGHTS: On December 12 . 1975. in" lhirty-scven-foot
cuncr, Eflregiolls. Chiles became the first American to sai l
a lone around Cape Hom. In 1975-76, ERregrou.< set a world
rcc<lrd for the faslest solo circumnavigation in monohull: Two
hundred lwo days. Since 197l\, Webb bas made "great open
buat vnyage. covering more 1han twcnly 1housand miles from
San Diego 10 Saudi Arabia. including 1hc very first crossing
of the Pacific Ocean in an open bual. and 1he Jonges1 nonstop
open b<>llt pa.<sagc from Singapore 10 Aden.
Chiles commented: .. Adventure oflen begins with books. I
developed an inlerc" in sailing as a resuh of reading aboul the
sea when I was a boy in the Mi dwesl. I never outgrew the
dream. I drifted three hundred mil es in a nine -fool rubber hoat
ufler a capsize in 1he Pac ific in 19RO. I was imprisoned-
fal,ely-fur nine days in in Saudi Arabia as a spy. "
I I . I YK2: u1s Angeles Tim<'·'· June 20. I <JH2.
* * *
CHIPP. l>(onaldJ L(eslie) 1925-
PERSONAL.: Bum August 21. t925, in Melbourne. Auslralia:
son of Leslie :tnd Jessie Sara Chipp; married Monica Teresa
Lalor. 195 1 (di vorced, 1979); married ldun Guda Welz, No·
vember25. 1979: children: Deborah (Mrs. Jim Re id) . Gregory.
John, Meli ssa, Juliet. f;r!unllion: University of Melbourne,
l.l .S., 1946. Office: 400 Flinders St.. Mel b<>ume. Vicloria 3000.
Auslralia .
CAREER: Commonwealth lnst iiUte of Accountants, Mel -
bourne. Aus1mlia. regislrar. 1950-55; Ci1y nf Kew, Mel-
bourne. me mber uf ci1y council. IY55·62: Auslr•lian Parlia-
menl, l'ltiU-. LiheraJ me mberofParliamenl for Higinbotham,
Vict(lria. J%0-6<.1. ami for Hntham. Victoria, J%9-77. min-
isler for the Navy. 1966. mmister for lourism, 1966. minislcr
fur cu.rums and excise. 1969- 72. leader of House of Repre-
sentat ives. 1972. minister for air. 1972. mini<ler for works.
1972. minislcr for nat ional dcvdnpmcnt. I '172, shadow min-
ister fur international trade and social security. 1972-75, min-
ister f<>r social securi1y. I '175, minister fur health. 1975, min-
ister ft1r repatria tion and   1975, Australian
Democrat member of Se nate and Parliamentary leader of Aus-
tmlian Democrat party. J 977-. Chief c•e<:utive of Olympic
Civic Cummiuce. 1954-56. Independent managcmenl consul-
lanl. 1959-64. Miliwry un•in·: Royal Australian Air force,
1943-45. Member: Amnesty International. Victorian Council
of Civil Liberties.
WRITINGS: (With John L:ukin) Don Clripp: Tire Third Man,
Rigby. 1978. Contributor to journals.
SIDEUG/fTS: Since 1980. Chipp's travels have lakcn him to
the United Stales, Mexico, Israel. Indonesia. and Southeasl
r ·.
! ':
; I
Asia. In May, 1980. he was invited by the Peopl e' s I
of China lnslitute of Foreign Affairs to visit that cour
* * *
CHITTY, Letitia 1897-1982
OBffUARY NOTICE: Bum July 15, 1897; died Septer
1982. Engineer. educator. and aulhor. The first womao
first class honors in I he mechanical sciences lripos cxao
al Cambridge Uni versity. Chiuy helped lo formulate
on strcsse. in a ircrJft structures that were published io
Air Minis1ry papers in I he 1930's. After World War II
research in construc tion Stresses and was involved in
culations and practical 1es1s for giant dams builtthruuf
world. Chilly also 1augh1 civil engineering nl lmpcrial
from 1934 to 1962 and received a Telford Gold Me<
lhe Jnslitution of Civi l Engineers in 1%9. Her nnn1
writings include Abmad: An Alplwber of Flonw .,. 01
and other sources: \VIto"s IVho. I 25th cdil ion. S1.
1973; umclon Tim<'·'· October R. 19&2.

C HLOROS, A(lexander) G(eorgc) 1!)26-1982
(Aleck George Chl oros)
OBITUARY NOTICE: Bum August 15, 1926. in Athens.
died November 15. 1982. Judge. educalor. and aut
expert in the Jield of comparative Jaw, Chloros lot
subject atlhe Uni versity College of Wales and at lhe Ur
nf London. where, in cooperJiion with the University,
he cslablishetl a degree program in French and Engl
He served as dean nf t he facuhy of law' from 1971
and w:IS direc111r nf 1he university's Centre for Eurol"'·
As a memher t•f lhc central negoliating commillce of
rupean Economic Community. Chloros worked for (
entry into the and in 1973 and 1975 h<
as an advise r tn the government of the Seychelles. ass.
the reform uf the Code Nap<l lcon and the Commen:i:o
He became a fell ow of King· s College in 1980 and an h
maste r of the hench of Gray's Inn in 19&I. Chloros I
Greek seal on the Court of Justice nf lhc Europc:m Cllllll
at the time or his de:Jth. His writings include
Lah· and Codijklllion in a M1:uJ Jwiltliction. I k
gcner-dlt."<..itnrof r:uropt•tm Swdit'.t in I .au-. Obituari-.:s :u
sources: 1\flw'.< \VIro itr rhe World. Jrd edition, Marqui·
Lmulmr Timt•s. November I H. 19S2.
* * *
CHLOkOS, Aleck George
See CHLOROS, A(lexandcr) G(corge)
* * *
CHOBANIAN, Aram V(an) 1929-
Pf.'RSONAL: Bt>rn Augusl 10, 1929, in PawiUckcl. R
nf Vahan (a texlile worker) and Marina (Arscnian) Ch<
married Jasmine Oocrigian (an artisl ). June 5, 1955: l"
Karon. Lisa, Aram. EtiiiCIItimr: ll rown Univcrsily. A.U
Harv:rrd University, M.D .. 1955. Hrml<': 5 Ra1hhun R
tick. Mass. 01760. Oj}kc·: Department of Medicine.
of Medicine. ll os1on Univer.ity . lloston. Ma.s. 021 1:
CAREER: Bosmn University, llostnn. Mass., intern
versity Hospi lal. 1955-56. chie f resident in medicin"
.... .. .
ashington is a high pressure town. Its politicians·
and party-goers work hard and play harder. In
197 4, Congressman Wilbur Mills made . the · headlines
when it was discovered that he was an alcoholic, an
affiiction more than a few of his colleagues shared. But
excessive drinking and girls on the house have always
been common, and winked at, unless somebody made a
terrible mistake and got caught. Certain government
figures' idea of a good time, it seemed, closel y paralleled
the profligate pastimes more often associated with Holly-
wood or New York, despite pious proclamations from
politicians with an eye on the campaign trail.
In 1978, the social winds continue to blow castwad.
Hollywood, bored with alcohol and publicized affairs,
has embraced a new high- dmgs- and Washington is
following suit. Many Washington parties serve cocaine
and marijuana as naturally as martinis, and insiders sug-
gest that if the total extent of drug abuse in the capital
was exposed, the resulting scandal would touch every
area of government-from the hallowed halls of Con-
gress to many a chandeliered embassy, and even to the
White House. Drugs, particularly the "fashionable" ones,
have become so acceptable in Washington that even
some White House guests feel free to indulge in them
on the premises.
At the White House's first jazz festival on the South
Lawn this summer, a haze of marijuana smoke hung
heavy under the low-bending branches of a magnolia
tree when President Carter darted behind the band-
stand to congratulate the musicians. One of the Presi-
dent's bodyguards looked uncomfortable, and feebly
fanned the air around his boss. But if Carter rccogni:t..c:.l
the aroma that enveloped him, he pretended to notic<'
Onlv tht> musicians themselves sct•m<'CI to appreciate
the iro.m· of the moment and smiled at one another. :\lost
of them. were elderlv men, some of the greatest naml's
in jazz h is tory, who ·had li\'cd long enough to see m<U'i·
juana-if not legalized- at least legitimized.
But outside the gates of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue,
in the city itself, any of them could still he arrested for
possession of even the smallest amount of marijuana, <111
offense that has been illegal since the days they had
played in places like the Cotton Club in Harlem in the
late 1930's.
Indeed, hy the time schools opened this fall , teen-
agers in affiuent Montgomery County, .Maryland, less
than ten miles from the White House, wouJd be arrested
in droves in campus crackdowns for the same offense.
On the night of the White House jazz festival on
June 19, however, those who would like to sec marijuana
decriminalized, if not completely legalized, had reason
to feel encouraged. Attorney General Griffin Bell, Amer-
ica's chief law enforcement officer, sat only a hundred
feet or so from the roped-off backstage "dressing room"
area, where a num her of the musicians were strolling
the   getting high while waiting to go onstage.
President Carter, who had asked Congress on August
2, 1977, to amend federal laws and eliminate all crimi-
nal penalties for possessing up to one ounce of marijuana
(his request has so far not been acted upon ), appeared
to be going one step furt her in giving the drug his tacit
Pot smoking on the White House grounds may have
come as no surprise to anyone aware that rock stars,
heavily into drug use, had raised hundreds of thousands
of dollars for Carter's early campaign. On at least two
occasions, Carter was photographed with Capricorn "
Record such as Gregg Allman {whose mar-
riage to singer Cher broke up over his drug addiction) ,
in crowds that were openly sm()ldng pot and getting
high on other, more dangerous, illegal substances.
Only a month after the jazz festival , Special Assistant
to the President for Health Issues, Dr. Peter C. Boume,
resigned aft er a series of revelations about his alleged
"recreational" usc of drugs (which he denied), and his
having written a prescription for Quaalude tablets, using
a phony name, for an aide who had requested the drug.
President Carter, on July 24, wamed staff members
that anyone using drugs illegally in the future would be
fired. In a terse memo, he made clear that he expected
ever yone worJ...ing <It tht• \Vhite House to "obey the law."
.. , Vhethcr you <1grec with the law or not is totally irrele-
vant .. . . You will obt•y it or you wil l seek l:' mployment
Bourne. in a stat<.•mcnt that he has sint·e retracted.
had said that he and other members of the \\'hite House
staff had smoked marij11ana, and that lw was aware of
the use of cocaine hv some of the President' s aides.
Suddenl y. the world ;,utsidc of Washington. D.C., be-
came awar e of a fact of life in the nation's capital that
the media had heen rcl udant to publicize .. \lany of the
reporters and editors took the position, and still do, that
a govemmcnt official's or employee's use of dmgs in his
private lifl:' is none of the public's business unless the
indulgence affects tl1e way he conducts himself during
office hours.
The sad tmth th•tt dmgs, on the \ Vashington social
scene, are "in." They are trendy, kicky, chic. And users
are not just smoking marijuana, a substanc.:c govemment
officials estimate at least a tenth of the adult population
enjoys occasionally and, (continued on page 176)
--- <4ff
--- --·+
Enjoy sm!>king
longer w1thout
smoking more.
Rich, full-flavored
Saratoga 120's give you extra
smoking time and extra
smoking pleasure.
And they cost no
more than 100's.
(0 Philip .\io:rris Inc. 1978
Regular: 15 mg"tar:'l.O mg nicotine-Menthol:
16 mg"m;' 1.0 mg nicotine av. per cigarette, FTC Repon May'78
Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined
That Cigarene Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.
continued from page 62
which has become, by The Neu; York Times-description, ··as
American as blue jeans,'' \Vashington has discovered harder
drugs as well. ·
Keith Stroup, an attorney and leader of the National Or-
ganization for the Refonn of ;\larijuana Laws  
estimates that at least .20 percent of the members Of Con-
gress aro occasional Smokers of marijuana.
A larger percentage, he says, have tried the drug. "I doubt
if there are many congressmen or committee staffs that clJ
not have marijuana smokers working on them, including a -
ministrative aides of kev members.
"ivlarijuana smoking· among congressmen was rare until a
few years ago,-but it's now fairly commonplace. The number
of pot smokers are growing and some of those who were co.i-
sidered young radicals yesterday are making policy and shap-
ing public opinion today. The marijuana smoker is no Ionge:
considered a deviant; some congressmen smoke openly at
partieS; even Ford and Carter have had sons publicly admit
to smoking pot and this wovld have been unheard of in previ-
ous administrations."
Show business personalities, the single most important
source of campaign func1-raising for \Vashington politicians
under today's election laws, are largely responsible for the
rising popularity of dn1gs, especially cocaine, at \Vashington
parties. One Carter administration insider involved in re-
election fund-raising is said to have "a nose for coke," and
the bankroll to afford it, when big names come to town e.x-
pecting to be entertained.
Guests come prepared
Hosts and hostesses who don't or won't serve cocaine theiu-
selves find that their celebrity guests often come prepared.
President Gerald Ford once found himself dancing at the
\Vhite House with a beautiful young actress who had recently
arrived in movies via the fashion magazines and Jet-Set route.
After frequently slipping off to the powder room
the evening (cocaine was not sniffed in public then), the
ac:tress became so unsteady, an alarmed Ford had to grasp
her lace gown to keep her from sUpping limply out of his
arms. An observant \Vhite House milita.:rv aide cut in and
danced her, like a rag doll, out of sight'. •
\ Vashington has been so quick to follow the trendy drug
. fad, that one obsen'er of the \Vashington social scene was
moved to say, "Heaven help us if all the 'beautiful peOp'e'
started murdering their mothers. will sucldenlv be-
come fashionable in some circles." ·
Cocaine is the costly caviar of the drug trade for which
anyone but the most affiuent of users can spend in one eve·
ning an amount equal to the cost of a week's groceries. lt
enjoys as much a status in the nation's capital as it does i'l
Ne"' York or Hollywood, or any other sophisticated scene.
According to authorities, ambassadors and lower level em-
bassy officials \Vith diplomatic immunity regularly b:ing
cocaine, in Hlo quantities worth hundreds of thousands of
dollars, into Dulles International Airport from abroad.
year, two ·inexperienced District of Columbia policemen
were about to arrest the nephew of an Arab diplomat as a
major cocaine trafficker when they leamed th:it they them-
selves could be prosecuted under U.S. treaties for detaining
the young man from his "appointed rounds.''
Because ·embassy officials enjoy diplomatic immunity and
are not subject to arrest, they pass through customs without
harassment and operate freely while in the United States.
In fact, the involvement of foreign embassies in intemational
narcotics trading is a SC"J.ndal of such monumental propor-
tions that the entire story is unlikely to be (continued)
_..,._ .. __ .. , --. .
......... ---....   · · · - *• •
_, ,
told as long as the United States wants
to keep its allies.
The federal Drug Enforcement Agen-
cy investigated one world leader's sister
suspected of drug trafficking and known
as the "Dragon Lady" in international
heroin circles. DEA sources say there
were officials who wanted her barred
from entering the U.S., but a Republi-
can senator, friendly to her brother, in-
terceded on her behalf at the White
House. An Asian embassy official, also
suspected of being a major figure in the
global heroin hierarchy, cuts a wide
swath socially in Washington, seldom
missing a congressional birthday party
or wedding and frequently traveling
with congressional delegations to the
Far East
The potential for discreet leverage
and outright blackmail when a U.S. gov-
ernment official accepts drugs as part of
the hospitality of a foreign diplomat or
agent is obvious.
The subject of drugs came up more
than once during the "Koreagate" in-
vestigation of Tongsun Park's influence
peddling, hut no mention of the con-
nections was ever made either by the
Justice Department or the House Ethics
Committee. Park, however, carried an
address book that contained the tel e-
phone number of an ohsctuc real estate
dealer believed by Washington police to
he one of the major sources of drugs on
Capitol Hill.
VVhen Alexi Goodarzi, the Iranian-
born maitre d'hotel at the Rotunda
1·estaurant on Capitol Hill, was mur-
dered in the summer of 1977, authori-
ties found evidence that he had supplied
women · and dmgs to congressmen. It
was also suspected that the high-living,
well-connected bachelor (whose father
was reportedly a police chief in Tehran)
may have been working fot"tlie""Sha:h's
SA V AK secret · police operating in the
United States.
Gossip about drugs
There is a lot of gossip about drugs
in \Vashington. Some of it can be con-
firmed. Some can't. A socialite, who had
an affair with a presidential aspirant,
amused her friends with the information
that he used amyl nitrite as an aphl'Odis-
iac. vVhile that probably won't appear
in a biography if he makes it to the
\Vhite House, it's almost certain to be
included 'in a movie script being written
by a former free-lance Washington
journalist who had access to the sex and
drug scene of politicians and the press
in Georgetown-Washington's plush
Drugs broke up the (continued)
Can Drugs Affect GoYerament Decisio;.-.?
The broad social effect of drug-tak- tions. There is now also new evi-
ing by performers and theatrical dence that smoking three or mort:
celebrities can best be measured in "joints" a week may cause more
the permissive climate it creates and respiratory damage, such as emphy-
the example it sets for young people. sema and lung cancer, than smokinf[
But when officials at government 16 cigarettes a day.
levels are involved, a whole other set Amyl Nitrite is a cardiovascular pre-
of questions arises. Are important scription stimulant that can cause di-
decisions being clouded by "recrea- lation of the blood vessels and high
tiona!" chemicals? Are government blood pressure. Although sold as an
leaders actually endorsing drug use aphrodisiac because it lessens sexual
by "looking the other way"? Is illegal- inhibitions, it actually tends to re-
ity the only reason for disciplining duce sexual performance.
elected public officials and govern- are often fatal. Butyl nitrite is chemi-
ment employees who are known to be cally similar but can be bought over-
drug users? the-counter in shops where dmg
True, there are many who say that paraphernalia is sold.
all the facts are not in on drug use, Angel Dust or PCP is a strong animal
and that the future may see "pot" tranquilizer that can affect humans
sold in liquor stores, as one political for at least eight · hours, often dis-
candidate in Vermont recently sug- astrously. It may cause poor judg-
gested. But meanwhile, the Journal ment, lack of coordination, delusion,
asked a leading drug abuse expert, outbursts of violence, including mur-
Dr. Robert L. DuPont, an associate der, and permanent brain damage.
professor of psychiatry at George Angel Dust users can also cause them-
Washington Medical School, to eval- selves great harm when they lose
uate how dangerous drugs, especially contact with reality (people have
marijuana, would affect government drowned in showers), and the drug
officials in their decision-making. is so dangerous that Dr. DuPont has
Dr. DuPont, who until recently·· dubbed it "embalming fluid."
was Director of the federal . National Cocaine is a stimulant that distorts
Institute on Drug Abwe, believes: "It judgment and creat es an euphoria, in-
is essential that we make people see hibits the ability to solve problems
the dangers of marijuana. The down- and it also makes users believe they
play and trivialization of the health arc more clever than they are. It is
of marijuana are one of the one of the few drugs that enhances
most that we face performance for r epetitive acts that
in the United States today, particu- require little thinking, such as operat-
larly in view of the explosive increase ing a machine. Physically, regular l!Se
in· marijuana consumption. among of cocaine can cause perforation, of
young people." the septum and collapse of the riose.
Many advocates of marijuana Strokes due to increased blood pres-
argue that alcohol 'is ·more harmful sure and overdoses can kill.
than the drug. Dr. DuPont, however, Heroin and morphine are depressants
draws a darker picture. - Marijuana, that produce .a drowsy euphoria.
he and other experts claim, -is an in- They cause a distortion of values, l<iss
toxicating weed that, when smoked of appetite and a lack of interest in
can cloud finer distinctions in the world. Infectious hepatitis and
sion-making and cause distortion, bacterial infections of the heart are
lack of concern with the world and not uncommon among drug abusers.
acute paranoia. More important, Overdoses can be fatal.
however, are the physical effects of Methaqualone or Quaaludes are
the dmg. While alcohol is water- powerful tranquilizers. Like alcohoL
soluble and full y metabolized bv the they cause slurred speech and
body in 12 hours, the major a-ctive ch·owsiness and oft en slow dowu
ingredient in marijuana is fat-solubl e thought processes. An overdose can
and remains in the body for many prove fatal.
days. Thus, smoking one "joint" a Current street prices of the
week continuallv adds more chemi- are (figures from the Drug Enforce-
cals to body o;gans before the re- ment Agency) :
maining ones have metabolized. i\1arijuana: $40 to $100 per ounce
Studies associate the drug with still- Amyl Nitrite: $6 for 5 ampules
births and miscarriages and indicate Angel Dust or PCP: $1,400 to $1,800
it may also affect the genetic makeup per ounce
of sperm. Tests with monkevs showed Cocaine: $1,850 t o $2,400 per ounce
marijuana caused changes' in brain Heroin : $2,000 to $4,000 per ounce
function and degeneration of that Quaaludes: $5 to $15 per tablet
part of the brain which controls emo- -JAN GooDWIN
maniage of one of \Vashington's beautiful "F. Scott Fitz-
gerald" couples whose lifestyle enlivened society pages until
it began to sound bizarrely like something out of Soap. The
wife discovered that her husband, scion of an impeccably
aristocratic family (who owns almost as much antique Amer-
icana as the i\•fetropolitan Museum}, provided a backdrop
where most of \Vashington's major drug pushers cou1d gather
in the wee hours after bars closeO in Georgetown. She and
her lawyer have signed affidavits from former employees
charging that her husband "went around with a pocketful of
angel dust."
\Vashington drug-users began to relax when Jimmy Carter
was elected. The tense Nb:on years had boasted, among other
things, Operation Intercept, a program designed to eradicate
the use of marijuana. As part of the program, the Drug
forcement Agency invited administration wives to demOil-
strations at which marijuana was burned so they could
recognize the smell and safeguard their D\VIl children, and
perhaps police \Vash:ington parties.
To the embarrassment of DEA officials, one such demon-
stration nearly proved fatal to the wife of Attorney General
John }ditchell. lvfartha i\litchell tumed out to be allergic to
marijuana and reacted to the smoke the way some people
react to bee stings. She went into shock, with her throat
stricting so quickly that a doctor in the building was sum-
moned to stand by for an emergency tracheotomy if needed.
Fortunately, 1'1rs. responded to medication and
covered from the experience.
In the past, \Vashingtop politicians have been suspected
J. '
eral Bureau of  
Sen. Joseph :McCarthy was to morphine and
lurly obtained his narcotics through a druggist near the ·white
House, authorized by Anslinger to fill the prescriptions.
Anslinger, according to one of the retired agents, wrote
about 1-IcCarthy's problem (without naming ·rum) in The
Murderers, a memoir the late commissioner wrote with \Vill
Ousler, which \Vas published in 1961. And Ousler todav
agrees with the agents. "Yes, I'm sure that that is correct,"
says. "Anslinger made a mention of McCarthy at the time
and turned away."
Two pages of the book were devoted to an addict who
Anslinger said was ''one of the most influential members of
the Congress of the United States. He headed one of the most
powerful committees. His decisions and statements helped
to shape and direct the destiny of the United States and the
Free \Vorl d."
Anslinger said that he "leamed on incontrovertible
dence that this legislative leader was a confirmed morphine
addict who would do nothing to help himself get rid of his
addiction. It was a delicate inoment in world affairs. There
was imminent danger that the facts ,vould become l:nown
and used to the fullest in the propaganda machines of our
enemies." -
In the book, Anslinger describes his confrontation with the
congresSman, who arrogantly refused medical .help and
sis ted he would allow nothing to "interfere \Vith him or what-
ever habits he wished to indulge.'· McCarthy defied Anslin-
ger to cut off his source of supply, threatening to go directly
to the pushers. "And if it \vinds up in a public scandal and
that should hurt this country, I wouldn't care .. , the choice
is yours." (continued)
. ·•
-------· ..
,, . . . •. • ·r
-------'=--_:._-----r---;__ the Conventio'n in New
. DRU'GS AN]} York, says that "the best marUuana avail-
- - able" was consumed freely there, along
WASHINGTON, D.C. with "gallons of beer."
Later, in the aftermath of the Bourne
continued affair; many Carter aides would claim in
Because the senator's addiction pre- interviews with The Washington Post,
sen ted a ''grave threat to this country" in which they asked that their names not
and because the scandal could have hurt be used, that it was reporters who intra-
the country, Anslinger agreed to make duced them to marijuana and who were
available all the morphine necessary to a source of supply for those who did not
maintain the congressman's habit. dare deal openly with the street dealer.
"The lawmaker went on for some Carter aides felt betrayed by the
time, guaranteed his morphine because media over Bourne and expressed con-
it was underwritten by the Bureau," cern that the rest of the country would
Anslinger wrote. "On the day he died I misunderstand and believe a bunch
thanked God for relieving me of my of "drug-using freaks" were   the
burden." government. On the other hand,-i:eport-
McCarthy died at the age of 47. ers who had been involved in drugs
Doctors listed his-death as being due to were understandably uncomfortable and
a noninfectious, seldom fatal, hepatitis, reluctant to play detectives prying into
"cause unknown." drug use or abuse in the White House
The McCarthy incident was probably and elsewhere in Washington.
rare in that era-alcohol was far more ·Are drug-users running the govern-
fashionable theiJ. Drugs were left to the ment? Has the media blown the story
radicals-like the Washington news- out of proportion, o'r are reporters, en-
paper columnist who openly share9 a joying close relations with government
joint (marijuana cigarette) with a young employees, burying the story for the
n·ews m·agazine reporter in the White convenience of all involved?
House movie theater as a political "state- Washington's new fascination with
ment." They were disappointed to see drugs may be just this year's fad, but it
their gesture go ignored. may imply a moral bankruptcy among
During the Carter campaign, politi- some of the nation's leaders that the
cians and press drew closer together. government can ill afford. Certainly, no
Younger Carter aides and younger one condones drug use among Holly-
members of the press corps worked and wood stars, but the idea of the country's
partied together. A magazine reporter, leaders indulging in mind-altering drugs
who hung around the Carter trailer at raises disturbing questions of whether.
continued from page 117
All pictured on pages 116-:117
MATERIALS: Push-type wooden clothes-
pins with round tops, ice cream sticks,
medium-size ball fringe, Red, as needed; 1
ball in White; acrylic paint in Red and
Blue; Black ballpoint Wliite
tive adhesive tape; fast setting glue.
Paint lower portion of clothespin Blue for
trousers, Red for jacket. Cut ice cream sticks
in half and paint Red, leaving a small area
at round end in natural .for hands. Outline
area for hair and fill in with Black ballpoint
pen. A<.ld 2 dots for eyes. Cut very narrow
strips of decorative tape for crosspieces and
attach, stretching slightly over the shoul-
ders. Add a wider ( W') -piece for the belt.
Glue arms in place. Glue a ball from tht"
fringe to top of clothespin for hat. Use Red
for the soldiers, White for tht" "Prince."
MATERIALS: Push-type wooden clothes·
pins with round tops; 3" paper coasters; 4"
and lace doilies, pipe cleaners; smaU
artificial flowers; flower-type trim, 1" wide
lace, bits of ribbon and seqllin trim; Brown
ballpoint pen; Elmer's glue.
Outline area - for hair and illl in with
. . Brown ballpoint pen. Add 2 dots for eyes.
Fold coaster around .clothespin so that it fits
tightly at neck and flares out at bottom. Glue
in place at back. Glue some coasters from
back to front, inserting a lace doily for skirt
front. For others, attach .doily for skirt ruiHe,
then attach coaster.
Fold doilies in half over a pipe
cleaner. Glue in place for arms. Fold either a
4" doily or a 3" coaster in half, glue in place,
then glue to the back of the smaller doily.
Clue completed piece to back of ballerina.
they iue capable
est, competent manner. While
may seem a tempting remedy for
and women beset by the pro-blems
pressures of running a government,
hopes that drug abuse will not
staple of Washington life. But if it's
a fad, what's next?
According to the federal Drug
forcelhent . Agency, possession o(
marijuana is a federal
to imprisonment of one year plus
$1,000 fine, except for 11 states-
which. have decriminalized it. Iri the
following states you cannot be ar-
rested for possession of up to one .
ounce of marijuana for personal use;
Alaska (unlimited amount legal for
private use, but possession of over
one ounce in public is subject to a
Bne-the law here is gray, possession·
of a large amount might not be con-
strued "for personal use"), Califor-
nia, Colorado, · Maine, Minnesota;
Nebraska, New York,
North Carolina, Ohio (up to 100
grams-approximately 3)1 ounces).
and Oregon. These above 11 states
can impose a civil fine of up to $100
for the first offense, more for the sec-
ond and detain you the third time.
You cannot be arrested on a claim ·
that you smoke or have smoked pot.-
There must be evidence.
Flowers may be glued to top of head or
attach flower trim at back .
For Prima Ballerina: Glue ribbon in place
for bodice and add sequin trim. Gather ·2
layers of lace for tutu and tack to ribbOn.
Cut pipe cleaner in half for arms and glue_
in place. Add flower headpiece. - ·- .,
Use figures as tree ornaments. Tie invisf,
ble nylon thread around neck. Leave a long
loop for hanging. To use upright as shown,
glue a T-pin to inner side of clothespin leg.
Pin should extend about "" below bottom··:: .
edge. End -