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INCLUDING SEISMIC EFFECT

Thesis Submitted by

Soumya Madhusmita(0811011004)

Ananya Pani(0811011009)

Aritri Pal(0811011029)

Manish Singh (0811011023)

Alok Panigrahi(0811011033)

Gourav Kumar(0711011052)

Sampurna Rout(0811011005)

in partial fulfilment for the award of the Degree of

B.Tech in Civil Engineering

Under the supervision of

Dr. S. K. Sahoo

Research Siksha o Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar[2011-2012]

DECLARATION

We hereby declare that this submission is my own work and that, to the best of my knowledge and

belief, it contains no material previously published or written by another person nor material which has

been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma of the university or other institute of higher

learning, except where due acknowledgment has been made in the text.

Place: Bhubaneswar

Date: 21-04-2012

NAME OF STUDENTS:

Soumya Madhusmita(0811011004)

Ananya Pani(0811011009)

Aritri Pal(0811011029)

Manish Singh(0811011023)

Gourav Kumar(0711011052)

Alok Panigrahi(0811011033)

Sampurna Rout(0811011005)

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that thesis entitled Analysis & design of a( s+5) residential apartment including seismic

effect submitted by Soumya Madhusmita, Ananya Pani, Aritri Pal, Sampurna Rout,Manish Singh,Aiok

Panigrahi,Gaurav Kumar to Institute of Technical Education & Research, Siksha o Anusandhan

University, Bhubaneswar towards partial fulfilment for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Technology

in Civil Engineering is a bonafide record of the work done in my supervision and guidance.

Date: 21-04-2012

Dr.S.K.Sahoo

Professor, Dept. of CIVIL

Institute of Technical Education & Research

Siksha o Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar-751030.

ABSTRACT

Earthquakes are the natural hazards with high damage potential. However, by utilizing several

principles, it is possible to identify and minimise the resulting social and economic losses, which mainly

involve loss of human lives, damage to major industrial facilities, civil engineering structures and lifelines.

In the last decades many methodologies on seismic hazard analysis and damage prediction are

developed. In recent years, the development of structural design criteria for new structures and renewed

importance of the assessment of seismic vulnerability of existing under-designed buildings have broadened

the objectives of seismic design. While safety against collapse is still the main goal, performances in terms

of functionality and economy assumed a central role in the design criteria. Hence, a great effort has been

made to improve the current earthquake resistant design methods in order not only to avoid collapse under a

destructive earthquake but also to limit the damage under moderate earthquakes. Furthermore, the new

design philosophy is tending to multi-level probabilistic structural performance criteria, replacing

completely the simple force strength approach. However; the implementation of all these new concepts

requires the qualitative damage index and its measure.

We have two approaches for preparing buildings for earthquakes: you either secure the building components

(walls, floors, foundation, etc.) together and have the entire structure behave as a single stiff unit that moves

with the ground, or you construct a strong and flexible structure that distorts but doesn't break and absorbs

some of the shaking energy. Either approach can be expensive so we cannot build all our structures to

withstand the largest possible earthquake. The frequency of the shaking, the distance from the fault to

estimate the maximum level of shaking expected during the lifetime of a building. Constructing accurate

hazard maps is a challenge and remains the focus of much Geoscience research. Seismic design is carried

out by understanding the possible failure modes of a structure and providing the structure with appropriate

strength, stiffness, ductility, and configuration to ensure those modes cannot occur

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It is matter of great pleasure for us to submit this project report on

ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF A S+5 RESIDENTIAL APARTMENT INCLUDING SEISMIC

EFFECTas a part of curriculum for award of Bachelor in Technology degree of Siksha O Anusandhan

University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa. We are thankful to our project guide Dr.S.K.Sahoo, professor Civil

Department for his constant encouragement and able guidance.

We are also thankful to Dr.Jaygopal Jena,Head of Civil Engineering Department for giving their full support

in completion in completion of the project.

We take this opportunity to express my deep sense of gratitude towards those, who have helped us in various

ways for preparing our project. At the last but not least, we are thankful to our parents, who had encouraged

and inspired us with their blessings.

Soumya Madhusmita(0811011004)

Ananya Pani(0811011009)

Aritri Pal(0811011029)

Manish Singh(0811011023)

Gourav Kumar(0711011052)

Alok Panigrahi(0811011033)

Sampurna Rout(0811011005)

CONTENTS

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION

Chapter 2: LITERATURE SURVEY

Chapter 3: EARTHQUAKE

3.1 CAUSES

3.2 CHARACTERISTIC

Chapter 4: PREPARING STRUCTURES FOR EARTHQUKE

4.1 INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES

Chapter 5: STEPS IN DESIGNING A STRUCTURE

Chapter 6: LOAD CALCULATION

Chapter 7: SEISMIC UDL ON BEAMS

Chapter 8: LOAD ON COLUMNS

Chapter 9: PORTAL ANALYSIS

Chapter 10: DUCTILE REINFORCEMENT CHECKING

Chapter 11:LOADS ON BEAMS-LIVE LOAD AND DEAD LOAD( axial and bending)

Chapter 12:LOADS ON COLUMNS- LIVE LOAD AND DEAD LOAD( axial and bending)

Chapter 13:MOMENT CALCULATION USING KANI'S METHOD

Chapter 14:DESIGN OF BEAMS

Chapter 15: DESIGN OF COLUMNS

Chapter 16: DESIGN OF SLAB

Chapter 17: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURE USING STAAD-PRO

Chapter18: CONCLUSION

Chapter19: REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION:

An earthquake is a sudden tremor or movement in the earths crust which originates naturally at or below the

surface causing huge destruction time to time. Earthquake is a wave-like motion on the earth surface caused

by the energy released due to dislocation of segments on earth crust. Earthquake is the most destructive

natural hazard that is unpredictable and can occur any time with sudden impact. There is no such type of

technology develop to get the alarm before earthquake. So it is better to learn to live safely by adopting

earthquake resistance technology.

The earth is divided into three main layers a hard outer crust, a soft middle crust, and a center core. The

outer crust is broken into massive irregular pieces called plates. These plates move very slowly, driven by

energy forces deep within the earth. Earthquakes occur when these moving plates grind and scrape against

each other. When the accumulated energy grows strong enough, the plates break free causing the ground to

shake.

Earthquake Engineering is the scientific field concerned with protecting society, the natural and the manmade environment from earthquakes by limiting the seismic risk to socio-economically acceptable levels.

Seismic design is carried out by understanding the possible failure modes of a structure and providing the

structure with appropriate strength, stiffness, ductility, and configuration to ensure those modes cannot

occur.

Problem statement :

DESIGNING AN EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT (S+ 5) RESIDENTIAL APARTMENT, INCLUDING

THE STUDY OF EFFECT OF WIND FORCE.

COMPARISION BETWEEN THE MANUAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN AND THE RESULTS OF

SOFTWARE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN.

LITERATURE SURVEY

INDIAN STANDARDS ON EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING

Bureau of Indian standards, the National Standard Body of India, is a Statutory Organization under the

Bureau of Indian Standards Act 1986. One of the activity is formulation of Indian Standards on different

subjects of Engineering through various Division Councils. The Civil Engineering Division Council is

responsible for standardization in the field of Civil Engineering including Structural Engineering, Building

materials and components, Planning Design, Construction and Maintenance of Civil Engineering Structures,

Construction Practices, Safety in Building etc. These standards are evolved based on concensus principle

through a net work of technical committee comprising representatives from Research and Development

Organizations, Consumers, Industry, Testing Labs and Govt. Organizations etc.

The Civil Engineering Division Council is working towards to achieve the above goal through 34 Sectional

Committees covering wide range of subjects and one of the Sectional Committee is Earthquake Engineering

Sectional Committee, CED 39.

India is one of the most disaster prone countries, vulnerable to almost all natural and man made

disasters. About 85% area is vulnerable to one or multiple disasters and about 57% area is in high seismic

zone including the capital of the country. Disaster prevention involves engineering intervention in buildings

and structures to make them strong enough to withstand the impact of natural hazard or to impose

restrictions on land use so that the exposure of the society to the hazard situation is avoided or minimized.

Bureau of Indian Standards has rendered invaluable services by producing large number of national

standards, which are of direct relevance to the construction industry and some of them particular to the

mitigation of disasters. A detail of Indian Standards in the area of mitigation of natural hazard of earthquake

is given underneath.

Earthquake Engineering

Himalayan-Nagalushai region, Indo-Gangetic plain, Western India and Cutch and Kathiawar regions are

geologically unstable parts of the country and some devastating earthquakes of the world

have occurred there. A major part of peninsular India has also been visited by strong earthquakes, but these

were relatively few in number and had considerably lesser intensity. It has been a long felt need to

rationalize the earthquake resistant design and construction of structures taking into account seismic data

from studies of these earthquakes.

It is to serve this purpose that standards have been formulated in the field of Design and Construction of

Earthquake Resistant Structures and also in the field of measurement and tests connected therewith by the

Earthquake Engineering Sectional Committee, CED 39. Following standards have been formulated under

this Committee:

IS 1893:1984 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures

This standard deals with earthquake resistant design of structures and is applicable to buildings; elevated

structures; bridges; dams etc. It also gives a map which divides the country into five seismic zones based on

the seismic intensity.

IS 1893 was initially published in 1962 as `Recommendations for Earthquake Resistant Design of

Structures and then revised in 1966. As a result of additional seismic data collected in India and further

knowledge and experience gained the standard was revised in 1970, 1975 and then in 1983.

Consequent to the publication of this standard on account of earthquakes in various parts of the country

including that in Uttar-Kashi, Latur and Bhuj and technological advancement in the field, the Sectional

Committee decided to revise the standard into five parts which deals with different types of structures:

Part 1 : General provisions and Buildings

Part 2 : Liquid Retaining Tanks Elevated and Ground supported

Part 3 : Bridges and Retaining Walls

Part 4 : Industrial Structures Including Stack Like Structures

Part 5 : Dams and Embankments

IS 1893(Part 1):2002 `Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures : Part 1 General provisions and

Buildings

This standard contains provisions that are general in nature and applicable to all structures. Also, it contains

provisions that are specific to buildings only. It covers general principles and design criteria, combinations,

design spectrum, main attributes of buildings, dynamic analysis, apart from seismic zoning map and seismic

coefficients of important towns, map showing epicenters, map showing tectonic features

and lithological map of India.

Following are the major and important modifications made in this revision:

a) The seismic zone map is revised with only four zones, instead of five. Erstwhile Zone I has been

merged to Zone II and hence Zone I does not appear in the new zoning; only Zones II, III, IV and V

do. The killari area has been included in Zone III and necessary modifications made, keeping in view the

probabilistic Hazard Evaluation. The Bellary isolated zone has been removed. The parts of eastern coast

area have shown similar hazard to that of the killari area, the level of Zone II has been enhanced to Zone III

and connected with Zone III of Godawari Graben area.

b) This revision adopts the procedure of first calculating the actual force that may be experienced by the

structure during the probable maximum earthquake, if it were to remain elastic. Then the concept of

response reduction due to ductile deformation or frictional energy dissipation in the cracks is brought into

the code explicity, by introducing the `response reduction factor in place of the earlier performance factor.

c)

The values of seismic zone factors have been changed; these now reflect more realistic values of

effective peak ground acceleration considering Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE) and service life of

structure in each seismic zone.

d) A clause has been introduced to restrict the use of foundations vulnerable to differential settlements in

severe seismic zones.

Here it is worthwhile to mention that it is not intended in this standard to lay down regulation so that no

structure shall suffer any damage during earthquake of all magnitudes. It has been endeavoured to ensure

that as far as, possible structures are able to respond, without structural damage to shocks of moderate

intensities and without total collapse to shocks of heavy intensities.

IS 13920:1993 Ductile Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures Subjected to Seismic Forces Code of

Practice

This standard covers the requirements for designing and detailing of monolithic reinforced concrete

buildings so as to give them adequate toughness and ductility to resist severe earthquake shocks without

collapse.

The provisions for reinforced concrete construction given in this standard apply specifically to monolithic

reinforced concrete construction. Precast and/or prestressedconcrete members may be used only if they can

provide the same level of ductility as that of a monolithic reinforced concrete construction during or after an

earthquake.Provisions on minimum and maximum reinforcement have been elaborated which includes the

requirements for beams at longitudinal reinforcement in beams at joint face, splices and anchorage

requirements. Provisions have been included for calculation of design shear force and for detailing of

transverse reinforcement in beams.Material specifications are indicated for lateral force resisting elements of

frames. The provisions are also given for detailing of reinforcement in the wall web, boundary elements,

coupling beams, around openings, at construction joints, and for the development, splicing and anchorage of

reinforcement.

CAUSES OF EARTHQUAKE

i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

Interior of earth known as geosphere is nothing but the sequence of shells or layers as under.The

layers are:

LITHOSPHERE: Topmost layer of earth crust consisting of rigid materials.

ANESTHOSPHERE: Popularly known as mantle and is in viscous state.

OUTER CORE: It is in state of hot,molten liquid form.

INNER CORE: It is in hard state consisting of metal-like iron and nickel and some radio-active

elements.

Core of earth

The mantle slides under the crust and over the outer due to the energy from the convention current.

This convective motion of mantle causes cracking of the crust dividing the crust into numerous

pieces called plates.

These plates are under constant motion in all direction and are known as tectonic plates. However

,some plates near the moving plates are stationary. These plates are joined together by small forces.

After the passage of time, these stationary plates get disturbed due to continuous sliding and collision

of adjacent moving plates,weakening the bonding mess under sudden jerk and increase of vertical

loads over these plates, causing sudden failure of the joints with release of large amount of energy.

CAUSES OF EARTHQUAKE:

The cause can be best explained with the help of the following two theories:

i.

PLATE TECTONIC THEORY

ii.

ELASTIC REBOUND THEORY

1) PLATE TECTONIC THEORY:

The tectonic plates either :

pull away from each other

push against each other

slide sideways relative to each other

All these movements cause earthquake.

2) ELASTIC REBOUND THEORY:

The theory of elasticity says that the crust is continuously stressed by the movement of

tectonic plates.

It finally reaches a point of maximum permissible stress after which rupture of ground

surface occurs and generate seismic waves.

CHARACTERISTICS:

The ground shaking is caused by two type of waves:body waves and surface waves.

The body waves are :P-waves and S-waves.

The surface waves are:Love waves and Rayleigh waves.

The P-waves vibrate in the direction of propagation whereas the S-waves vibrate in the direction

transverse to the direction of propagation.

The love-waves vibrate sideways in horizontal plane whereas the Rayleigh waves are quite

complex in nature and are partly in the direction of motion and partly at right angle to the direction

of propagation and elliptical in vertical plane.

Some other causes are:

1. Landslides and Liquefaction

Buildings aren't the only thing to fail under the stresses of seismic waves. Often unstable regions of hillsides

or mountains fail. In addition to the obvious hazard posed by large landslides, even non lethal slides can

cause problems when they block highways they can be inconvenient or cause problems for emergency and

rescue operations.

Occasionally large landslides can be triggered by earthquakes. In 1970 an earthquake off the coast of Peru

produced a landslide than began 80 miles away from the earthquake. The slide was large (witnesses

estimated it's height at about 30 meters or 100 feet), travelled at more than one-hundred miles per hour and

lowed through part of one village and annihilated another, killing more than 18,000 people.

2. Volcanic-Eruptions

When volcanoes erupt it is because the molten magma under the crust of the earth is under enormous

pressure and to release that pressure it looks for an opening and exerts pressure on the earth's crust

and the plate in turn. A place, which is the seat of an active volcano, is often prone to earthquakes as

well because the pressure that is exerted by the magma exceeds the limit these plates move and that

causes earthquakes. Earthquakes are also caused after a volcanic eruption since the eruption also

leads to a disturbance in the position of plates, which either move further or resettle and can result

into severe or light tremors.

The excessive exploitation of earth's resources for our own benefits like building dams to store large

volumes of water and blasting rocks and mountains to build bridges and roads is also the reason

behind such natural disruptions.

3. Tsunamis

Tsunamis are initiated by a sudden displacement of the ocean, commonly caused by vertical

deformation of the ocean floor during earthquakes. Other causes such as deformation by landslides

and volcanic processes also generate tsunamis.

When a tsunami approaches the shore, the water depth decreases, the front of the wave slows down,

the wave grows dramatically, and surges on land.

The first step in preparing structures for shaking is to understand how buildings respond to ground motionsthis is the field of study for earthquake and structural engineers.

When the ground shakes, buildings respond to

the accelerations transmitted from the ground

through the structure's foundation. The inertia

of the building (it wants to stay at rest) can

cause shearing of the structure which can

concentrate stresses on the weak walls or joints

in the structure resulting in failure or perhaps

total collapse. The type of shaking and the

frequency of shaking depends on the structure.

Tall buildings tend to amplify the motions of

longer period motions when compared with

small buildings. Each structure has a resonance

frequency that is characteristic of the building.

Predicting the precise behavior of buildings is

complicated, a rule of thumb is

that the period of resonance is about equal to 0.1 times the number of stories in the structure. Thus

Macelwane Hall resonates at about 0.3 seconds period, and Griesedeck at about 1.4 seconds .

Seismic design requirements depend on the type of the structure, locality of the project and its

authorities which stipulate applicable seismic design codes and criteria.Innovative seismic performance

based approach.The most significant feature in the SDC design philosophy is a shift from a force-based

assessment of seismic demand to a displacement-based assessment of demand and capacity. Thus, the

newly adopted displacement approach is based on comparing the elastic displacement demand to the

inelastic displacement capacity of the primary structural components while ensuring a minimum level of

inelastic capacity at all potential plastic hinge locations.

In addition to the designed structure itself, seismic design requirements may include a ground

stabilization underneath the structure: sometimes, heavily shaken ground breaks up which leads to floor

diaphragms. Separation between the framing and the walls can jeopardize the vertical support of roof

and floor systems.

Strengthening Structures

We have two approaches for preparing buildings for earthquakes: you either secure the building components

(walls, floors, foundation, etc.) together and have the entire structure behave as a single stiff unit that moves

with the ground, or you construct a strong and flexible structure that distorts but doesn't break and absorbs

some of the shaking energy. Either approach can be expensive so we cannot build all our structures to

withstand the largest possible earthquake. We must make compromises and accept some risk (this is not

unlike the risks that we accept every day, driving on a freeway, flying in an airplane, living in flood-prone

regions, tornado "alley", hurricane-prone regions, etc.)

More general requirements for other structure include having our buildings

Sustain some repairable damage for moderate quakes (5.5 < M < 7.0)

Not collapse in large earthquakes (M > 7.0)

To insure that we meet these goals we can take a number of steps, beginning with thoughtful and responsible

planning and zoning laws. Since we know that sites with soft, water-saturated foundations are prone to

damage, we should resist the temptation to build on those sits and we should certainly not put critical

structures on such sites, and avoid building on these sites at all if possible. If that's not possible, try to

compact the soft sediments before the constructing or anchor the structure in the basement.

We can take a number of steps to strengthen buildings including using steel frame construction, adequately

securing the structure to the ground through a solid foundation, incorporating shear walls and or crossbracing into the structure, or more sophisticated approaches such as using rubber or steel pads to isolate the

structure from the shaking.

Earthquake-Resistant construction

Earthquake construction means implementation of seismic design to enable building and non-building

structures to live through the anticipated earthquake exposure up to the expectations and in compliance

with the applicable to building codes. Older buildings are more prone to earthquake damage.

Seismic performance defines a structure's ability to sustain its due functions, such as its safety and

serviceability, at and after a particular earthquake exposure. A structure is, normally, considered safe if it

does not endanger the lives and well-being of those in or around it by partially or completely collapsing. A

structure may be considered serviceable if it is able to fulfill its operational functions for which it was

designed.

Basic concepts of the earthquake engineering, implemented in the major building codes, assume that a

building should survive a rare, very severe earthquake by sustaining significant damage but without globally

collapsing.On the other hand, it should remain operational for more frequent, but less severe seismic events.

In January of 2010, a massive earthquake hit a heavily populated area of Haiti. Hundreds of thousands of

people were injured or killed by the earthquake. The catastrophic death toll was mainly attributed to

structural failures and the island nation's lack of a seismic building code. Today, civil engineers are

developing new techniques that employ shock absorbers to minimize the effects of large-scale seismic

activity.

Traditionally, it has been narrowly defined as the study of the behavior of structures and geo-structures

subject to seismic loading, thus considered as a subset of both structural and geotechnical engineering.

However, the tremendous costs experienced in recent earthquakes have led to an expansion of its scope to

encompass disciplines from the wider field of civil engineering and from the social sciences, especially

sociology, political sciences, economics and finance.

Estimating the potential consequences of strong earthquakes on urban areas and civil infrastructure.

Design, construct and maintain structures to perform at earthquake exposure up to the expectations

and in compliance with building codes

A properly engineered structure does not necessarily have to be extremely strong or expensive. It has to be

properly designed to withstand the seismic effects while sustaining an acceptable level of damage.

Seismic performance defines a structure's ability to sustain its due functions, such as its safety and

1. Preparation of the structure conceptualization with respect to beam and column positioning.

COLUMN POSITIONING:

Economical spacing

Column free habitable areas

Facilitate comfortable parking of vehicles

Each column should be tied by beams on both sides

BEAM POSITIONING:

Beam should not exist in habitable space

Beams shall be provided under each walls and partitions

Beams should connect the columns in both directions

2. Calculation of slab-thickness

Depending upon the deflection criteria, the code recommends span to depth ratio as given under :

L/d=20Modification factor(for simply supported beam)

=26 Modification factor(for fixed span)

=7 Modification factor(for cantilever span)

In our case,the slab is a part of framed structure, casted monolithically with beams,which behaves as

a continuous beam.

Hence, L/d=26 Modification factor

Lets assume, d=D

Modification factor calculation:

For 1 way slab=1.7 to 1.85

For 2 way slab=1.35 to 1.5

3. BEAM-SIZE CALCULATION

Minimum width of beam=200mm or L/60 or maximum wall thickness,whichever is more.

Beam depth=It is taken 30mm for 0.3m length of beam

CHECK:

Width to depth ratio=b/D>=0.3

4. COLUMN-SIZE CALCULATION

Minimum width(b)=200mm(if the spacing is between 5m)

=300mm(if spacing exceeds 5m)

Here,width to depth ratio>=0.4

LOAD CALCULATION:

a) Floor load= dead load + live load

Dead load

Assuming slab thickness from 2 way slab, minimum slab thickness = 100 mm

-Self weight of slab = thickness x unit wt. Of RCC= 0.1*25=2.5 kN/m2

-Floor finish (assume equivalent to 50 mm thick PCC)= 0.05 x 24

= 1.2 kN/m2

Total Dead load = 3.7 kN/m2

Live load (for residential occupancy)= 2kN/m2

Total Floor load = 5.7 KN/m2

b) Roof load

Dead load

Self weight of slab = 2.5 kN/m2

Wt of roof terrace in form of grading concrete = 1.2 kN/m2

Live load = 1.5 kN/m2

Total Roof load = 5.2 kN/m2

c) Seismic floor load

CODE 24: 7.4.1

Mix consists of (full dead load + 25% of live load upto 3 kN/m2 or 50% of live load for 4

kN/m2)

Total dead load =3.7 kN/m2

% of live load =25% of 2 kN/m2= 0.5 kN/m2

Total = 4.2 kN/m2

d) Seismic roof load

Full dead load = 3.7 kN/m2

% of live load = 0

Total = 3.7 kN/m2

e) Uniformly distributed load (UDL) on the stair case waist slab:

Provide 150 mm thick waist slab.

Dead load

Dead load in inclined or sloping portion :

1 self wt of waist slab = 3.75 kN/m2

2

3

wt of floor finish = 1.2 kN/m2

Total = 6.75 kN/m2 (acting in inclined plane )

Assuming each step as 0.3 m.

Load magnitude in horizontal = 7.77 kN/m2

Dead load on landing portion:

1 self wt of waist slab = 3.75 kN/m2

2 floor finish= 1.2kN/m2

total = 4.15 kN/m2

Live load

IS 875- part 2 live load = 3 KN/m2

f) Seismic distributed loads on staircase

Inclined portion = total load on horizontal plane + % of live load = 8.45kN/m2

Landing portion = dead load + % live load = 4.95+ 0.75 = 5.7 kn/m2

g) Uniformly distributed loads on machine room

Assume slab thickness for machine room floor is 150 mm.

Machine room is under continuous forced vibration.

Dead load

Self weight + floor finish = 3.75 + 1.2 = 4.95kN/m2

Live load

IS 875 Part 2 for light machine

Live load = 5 kN/ m2

Total = 10 kN/m2

h) Seismic distributed load on lift machine room floor

Live load ( 50%) = 5 kN/m2

Total = 10 kN/m2

Quantity of water:

Average water demand = 135 l/day/capita

No. Of dwelling units of flats = 20

No. Of persons per flat = 5

Total no of people =100

Total water demand per day = 135 x 100 = 13500 say 15000 l

Considering 2 times supply per day ,

Capacity of water tank= 7500 l

Plan area of water tank = 4.325 x 2.625

Volume= capacity= 7.5 cumecs= 4.325 x 2.625 x h

H= 0.77 m

Provide h= 1m

Adding free board= 200 mm, total depth of water tank = 1.2 m

Assuming tank base slab= 150 mm thick

Dead load = self weight of base slab + inside finishes

= 3.75 + 1.2 = 4.95 kN/m2

Weight of water per square metre = 1.2 x 10= 12 kN/m2

j) Seismic distributed loads on water tank base slab

Dead load= 4.95 kN/m2

Live load( 50%) = 6 kn/m2

Total = 11 kN/m2

k) Weight of walls and partitions

Height of wall = 3 0.45 = 2.55 kN

# weight of brick masonry = 0.25 x 2.55 x1 x19.2 = 12.24 kn/m2

# weight of cement plaster= 2 x 0.012 x 2.55 x1 x 20 = 1.2 kN/m

Total= 13.44 kN/m

# weight of brick masonry= 0.125 x2.55x1x19.2= 6.1kN/m

# weight of cement plaster = 1.2 kN/m

Total =7.3 kN/m

# weight of brick masonry = 4.8 kN/m

# weight of cement plaster= 0.48 kN/m

Total= 5.28 kn/m

EVALUATE SEISMIC WEIGHT OF FLOORS AND ROOFS:

Considering an example, as given below

B5

B7

B4

Area= (length along x-axis) x (length along y-axis)

Total load on B5 = x W x

In the case on B6 the load from left and right panels is to be considered. The larger load value is

kN/m

finally considered.

o For beam B1

Superimposed Load from left panel-1 = 1.708kN/m

Superimposed Load from left panel-2 = 2.37 kN/m

Providing value of higher load =2.37 kN/m

Weight of wall(250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=18.31kN/m

o For beam B2

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.26kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 3.7 kN/m

Providing value of higher load =3.7 kN/m

Weight of wall= 7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam= 2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 13.5 kN/m

Again superimposed load from left panel = 3kn/m, load from right panel =1.8 kN/m,

Considering higher value =3 kN/m

o For beam B3

Superimposed load from left panel = 3.6 kN/m

Weight of wall( 250 mm thick) = 13.4 kN/m

Self weight =2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 19.5 kN/m

o For beam B4

Superimposed Load from left panel = 4.67 kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 3.04 kN/m

Total superimposed load = 7.71 kN/m

Weight of wall(125mm thick) =7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam= 2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter=17.5 kN/m

o For beam B5

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 17.1 kN/m

o For beam B6

Total superimposed load = 9.46 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 19.26 kN/m

o For beam B7

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 2 kn/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall(125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 11.8 kN/m

o For beam B8

Superimposed Load = 3.36 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall (125 mm thick)= 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 13.16 kN/m

o For beam B9

Superimposed Load = 8.1 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 17.9 kN/m

o For beam B10

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 5.46 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 125 thick ) = 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 15.26 kN/m

o For beam B11

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 5.15 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 14.95 kN/m

o For beam B12

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 4.6 kn/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 125 mm thick)= 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 14.4 kN/m

o For beam B13

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 5.15 kn/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 14.95 kN/m

o For beam B14

Superimposed Load = 3.36 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick)= 13.4 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 20 kN/m

o For beam B15

Superimposed Load = 4.1 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick)= 13.4 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 20 kN/m

o For beam B16

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 5.2 kn/m

Weight of wall (125mm thick)= 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter= 15 kN/m

o For beam B17

Superimposed Load from left span and right span= 4.7 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 14.5 kN/m

o For beam B18

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.86kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 2.037 kN/m

Providing total load =3.897kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=19.83kN/m=20kN/m

o For beam B19

Superimposed Load from left panel = 2.36kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 4.67 kN/m

Providing total load =7.03kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=22.97kN/m=23kN/m

o For beam B20

Superimposed Load from left panel = 3.05kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 1.86 kN/m

Providing total load =4.91kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=20.85kN/m

o For beam B21

Total superimposed load = 11.81 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kn/m

Total load per running meter = 27.75 kN/m

o For beam B22

Total superimposed load = 14.96 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kn/m

o For beam B23

Total superimposed load = 14.05 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 30.06 kN/m

o For beam B24

Total superimposed load = 18.91 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kn/m

Total load per running meter = 34.85 kN/m

o For beam B25

Total superimposed load = 3 kN/m

Weight of wall ( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kn/m

Total load per running meter = 12.8 kN/m

o For beam B26

Superimposed load = 1.9 kN/m

Weight of wall( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter = 17.84 kN/m

o For beam B27

Superimposed load = 3.23 kN/m

Weight of wall( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter = 19.17 kN/m

o For beam B28

Superimposed load = 4.33 kN/m

Weight of wall( 250 mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter = 20.27 kN/m

o For beam B29

Superimposed load = 3 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter = 18.8 kN/m

o For beam B30

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.837kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 3.048 kN/m

Providing total load =4.885kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=20.82kN/m

o For beam B31

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.575kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 4.6 kN/m

Providing total load =6.175kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=22.11kN/m

o For beam B32

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.89kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 1.89kN/m

Providing total load =3.78kN/m

Weight of wall (225mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=13.6kN/m

o For beam B33

Superimposed Load from left panel = 3.05kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 1.51 kN/m

Providing total load =4.56kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=20.5kN/m

o For beam B36

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.89kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 1.89 kN/m

Providing total load =3.78kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=19.72kN/m

Superimposed Load from left panel = 1.89kN/m

Superimposed Load from right panel = 1.89 kN/m

Providing total load =3.78kN/m

Weight of wall (250mm thick) = 13.44 kN/m

Self weight of beam=2.5kN/m

Total load per running meter=19.72kN/m

o For beam B38

Total superimposed load = 2.23

Weight of wall ( 125 mm thick) = 7.3 kN/m

Self weight of beam = 2.5 kN/m

Total load per running meter = 12.03kN/m

o For beam B39

Total superimposed load = kN/m

Weight of wall ( 250 mm thick) = kN/m

Self weight of beam = kn/m

Total load per running meter = kN/m

LOAD ON COLUMNS

Lump masses at column points( discrete points)

5

4

2

1

LOAD ON COLUMN C1

Supported by beams B1 and B3

Load from B1= 65.15 KN ----- 1

Load from B3 = 74 kN

-------2

Total load from all floors = 140 x 5 = 700 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C2

Supported by beams B3, B5, B14

Load from B3= 52.47 kN --------- 1

Load from B5 = 76.44 KN --------2

Load from B14= 31.5 kN ---------3

Total load on column C2 per floor= 1 +2 +3= 160.41 kN

Total load on column C2= 802.05 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C3

Supported by beams B15 & B14

Load from B14= 31.5 kN --------- 1

Load from B15 = 32.23 KN --------2

Total load on column C3 per floor= 1 +2 = 63.37 kN

Total load on column C2= 318.65 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C4

Supported by beams B32, B15, B35, B33

Load from B32= 12.24 kN --------- 1

Load from B15 = 84.67 KN --------2

Load from B35= 47.7 kN

---------3

Load from B33= 33.20 kN ------------4

Total load on column C4 per floor= 1 +2 +3 +4= 130.11 kN

Total load on column C4= 650.55 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C5

Supported by beams B35, B5, B4

Load from B35= 38.72 kN --------- 1

Load from B5 = 65.60 KN --------2

Load from B4= 47.6 kN ---------3

Total load on column C5 per floor= 1 +2 +3= 151.92 kN

Total load on column C5= 759.6 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C6

Supported by beams B1, B4, B7

Load from B1= 83.49 kN --------- 1

Load from B4 = 53.83 KN --------2

Load from B7= 17.7 kN ---------3

Total load on column C6 = 775.1 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C7

Supported by beams B8, B7, B6

Load from B8= 20.56 kN

Load from B7 = 7.08 KN

Load from B6 = 36.7 kN

--------- 1

--------2

---------3

Total load on column C7 = 321.76 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C8

Supported by beams B18, B19, B6

Load from B18= 36 kN --------- 1

Load from B19 = 43.54 KN --------2

Load from B6= 90.98 kN

---------3

Total load on column C8 per floor= 1 +2 +3= 170.52 kN

Total load on column C8= 852.6 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C9

Supported by beams B20, B33, B19

Load from B20= 18.5 kN --------- 1

Load from B19 = 33 KN --------2

Load from B33= 45 kN ---------3

Total load on column C9 per floor= 1 +2 +3= 96.5kN

Total load on column C9= 482.5 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C10

Supported by beams B36, B20, B21, B24

Load from B36= 17.75 kN --------- 1

Load from B20 = 18.5 KN --------2

Load from B21= 33.68 kN ---------3

Load from B24 = 75.36 kN -----------4

Total load on column C10 per floor= 1 +2 +3 +4 = 145.3 kN

Total load on column C10= 726.5 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C11

Supported by beams B18, B21, B22

Load from B18= 17.75 kN --------- 1

Load from B21 = 33.68 KN --------2

Load from B22= 79.05 kN ---------3

Total load on column C11= 652.4 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C12

Supported by beams B9, B10

Load from B9= 34.9 kN --------- 1

Load from B10 = 262.22 KN --------2

Total load on column C12 per floor= 1 +2 = 297.56 kN

Total load on column C2= 1487.8 kN

LOAD ON COLUMN C13

Supported by beams B8, B9

Load from B8= 41.125kN

Load from B9 = 76.57KN

--------- 1

--------2

Total load on column C13= 382.85 kN

PORTAL ANALYSIS

DATA :

Beam size = 250 x 450 mm

Column size = 400 x 400 mm

Slab thickness = 150 mm

Floor finish = 50 mm

SEISMIC WEIGHT CALCULATION :

A) Seismic floor weight :

Dead load = 3.75 kN/

Weight of floor finish = 1.2 kN/

Total =4.95 kN/

Appropriate live load = 50% of LL= 2 kN/

Total seismic floor weight = 6.95 kN/

B) Seismic UDL ( equivalent uniformly distributed load )

Supported on C4, C5, C6

Beam

B1

B4

18.31

17.5

Length in m

5.25

4.8

B5

B7

B15

B32

B33

B35

17.1

11.8

20

13.6

20.5

16.32

>> WEIGHT ON C6

Weight from B1= 48 kN

Weight from B7 = 35.4 kN

Weight from B4 = 42 kN

Self weight of column = 12 kN

Total seismic weight = 138 kN

>> WEIGHT ON C5

Weight from B4= 42 kN

Weight from B5 = 44.6 kN

Weight from B35 = 24.48kN

Self weight of column = 12 kN

Total seismic weight = 124 kN

>> WEIGHT ON C4

Weight from B15 = 110.2 kN

Weight from B32 = 12.24kN

Weight from B33 = 61.5 kN

Self weight of column = 12 kN

Total seismic weight = 220 kN

Base shear =

Calculation of

I= 1 (ordinary building)

R= 5 (SMRF)

5.225

3

5.51

1.8

3

3

FRAME 2-2

h= height of building =(3 x 6) = 18m

d= base direction at right angle to the direction of earthquake =10 m

= 0.512

Now, referring to figure 2 of IS1893 (page 16) ( assuming medium soil)

= 2.5

2.5 = 0.04

Base shear

Horizontal force on each storey =

i= storey number

Storey

1

2

Horizontal forces in kN

1.27

5.09

3

4

5

6

11.47

20.39

31.86

45.89

Check:

LHS= Q1 + Q2+ Q3+ Q4+ Q5 + Q6 = 115.97 kN

RHS= =116 kN

LHS = RHS (O.K)

Methods:

1) Portal method

2) Cantilever method

3) Factor method

We adopt the portal method, where,

Hinges are at the centre

Horizontal shear intermediate points = 2 ( horizontal shear at end

PORTAL METHOD:

Horizontal forces acting at each storey

For ground floor , 4p = 116, p= 29 kN

For first storey, 4q = 114.7 , q= 28.6 kN

For second storey , 4r = 109.6, r=27.4 kN

For third storey , 4s= 98.14, s= 24.5 kN

For fourth storey, 4t = 77.7, t= 19.4 kN

For fifth storey, 4u= 45.89, u= 11.45 kN

JOINT A

M(A-1) = 87 kN

M( A-4) = 85.8 kN

M( A-29) = 172.8 KN

JOINT B

M(B-2) = 174 kN

M( B-5) = 171.6 kN

M(B-29) = 87 KN

M(B-30) = 87 kN

JOINT C

M(C-6) = 87 kN

M( C-30) = 85.8 kN

M( C-3) = 172.8 KN

JOINT F

M(F-9) = 41.1 kN

M( F-4) = 42.9 kN

M( F-27) = 84 KN

JOINT E

M(E-8) = 82.2 kN

M( E-5) = 85.8 kN

M(E-27 ) =168 KN

M( E-28) = 168 kN

JOINT D

M(D-7) = 41.1 kN

M( D-6) = 42.9 kN

M( D-28) = 84 KN

JOINT I

M(I-12) = 73.5 kN

M( I-9) = 82.2 kN

M( I-25) = 155.7 KN

JOINT H

M(H-11) =73.5 kN

M( H-8) = 82.2 kN

M( H-25) = 77.85 KN

JOINT G

M(G-10) = 73.5 kN

M( G-7) = 82.2 kN

M( G-26) = 155.7 KN

JOINT L

M(L-15) = 58.2 kN

M( L-12) = 73.5 kN

M( L-23) = 131.7 KN

JOINT K

M(K-14) = 116.4 kN

M( K-11) = 147 kN

M( L-24) = 263.4 KN

JOINT J

M(J-13) = 58.2 kN

M( J- 10) = 73.5 kN

M( J-24) = 131.7 KN

JOINT O

M(O-18) = 34.35 kN

M( O-15) = 58.2 kN

M( 0-21) = 92.55 KN

JOINT N

M(N-17) = 68.7 kN

M( N-14) = 116.4 kN

M( N-21) = 92.55KN

JOINT M

M(M-16) = 34.35 kN

M( M-13) = 58.2 kN

M( M-22) = 92.55 KN

JOINT R

M(R-18) = 34.35 kN

M( R-19) = 34.35 kN

JOINT Q

M(Q-17) = 68.7 kN

M( Q-20) = 34.5 kN

M( Q-19) = 34.35 KN

JOINT P

M(P-10) = 34.35 kN

M(P-16) = 34.35 kN

W = total seismic load

= w1+ w2 +w3 +w4 +w5 +w6

= 806.51 * 6

= 4839.06 kN

Base shear, VB = 4839.06 * Ah = 193.56

Au = 0.04

VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF VB

Q1 = VB*(w1h1/wihi)

= 193.56* ((3) ^2/819)

= 2.127kN

Q2 = 193.56* ((6) ^2/819)

= 8.50kN

Q3 = 193.56* ((9) ^2/819)

= 19.14kN

Q4 = 193.56* ((12) ^2/819)

= 34.05kN

Q5 = 193.56* ((15) ^2/819)

= 53.15kN

Q6 = 193.56*((18) ^2/819)

= 76.57kN

VB = Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6 = 193.53kN

12u = 76.57, u = 6.38kN

12t = 129.72, t = 10.81kN

12s = 168.77, s = 14.06kN

12r = 187.91, r = 15.67 kN

12q = 196.41, q = 16.36 kN

12p = 198.53, p = 16.54 kN

BENDING MOMENT

Joint A & Joint G

N14

N8

NA-N8 = NG-N13 = 1.5q+1.5 = 49.08 kNm

NA-N1 = NG-N7 =p*1.5 = 24.54 kNm

NH-N4 = NN-N20 = q*1.5 = 23.54 kNm

NH-N27 = NN-N32 = 1.5r = 23.5 kNm

NH-N21 = NN-N26 = 1.5(r+q) = 48.04 kNm

Joint O & U

NO-N27 = NU-N32 = r1.5 =23.5 kNm

NO-N34 = NU-N39 = 1.5(r+s) = 44.62 kNm

NO-N46 = NU-N40 = 1.5s = 21.12 kNm

Joint V & B1

NV-N46 = NB1-N40 = 1.5s = 21.12 kNm

NV-N68 = NB1-N62 = 1.5t = 16.21 kNm

Joint C1 & I1

NC1-N68 = NI1-N62 = 1.5t = 16.21 kNm

NC1-N81 = NI1-N62 = 1.5u = 9.57 kNm

NC1-N81 = NI1-N74 = 1.5(t+u) = 25.78 kNm

Joint J1 &Q1

NJ1-N81 = NQ1-N75 = 1.5u = 9.57 kNm

NJ1-N82 = NQ1-N87 = 1.5u = 9.57 kNm

Joint B,C,D,E & F

NB-N8 = NB-N9 = 1.5(p+q)/2 = 24.54 kNm

NB-N15 = 1.5q = 24.54 kNm

NB-N2 = 1.5p = 24.54 kNm

Joint I, J,K,L,M & N

NI-N15 = 1.5q = 24.54 kNm

NI-N27 = 1.5r = 23.5 kNm

NI-N21 = NI-N22 = 1.5(q+r)/2 = 24.02 kNm

Joint P Q R S T

N(P-N27) = 1.5r = 23.5 kNm

N(P-N34) = N(P-N35) = 1.5(r+s)/2 = 22.31 kNm

N(P-N35) = 1.5s = 21.12 kNm

Joint W X Y Z A1

N(W-N67) = 1.5t = 16.21 kNm

N(W-N45) = 1.5s = 21.12 kNm

N(W-N48) = N(W-N47) = 1.5(s+t)/2 = 18.67 kNm

Joint K1 M1 N1 O1 P1

N(K1-N82) = N(K1-N83) = 1.5u/2 = 4.78 kNm

N(K1-N80) = 1.5u = 9.57 kNm

N(N1-N83) = N(M1-N84) = 1.5u/2 = 4.78 kNm

Joint D1 E1 F1 G1 H1

N(D1-N80) = 1.5u = 9.57 kNm

N(D1-N67) = 1.5t = 16.21 kNm

N(D1-N69) =N(D1-N70) = 1.5(u+t)/2 = 12.89 kNm

FRAME 6-6

W = W1+W2+W3+W4+W5+W6

= 725.26*6

= 4351.56 kN

VB = 4351.56*0.04 =174.0624kN

VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF VB

Q1 = 174.06*((3) ^2/819) =1.91 kN

Q2= 174.06*((6) ^2/819) =7.65 kN

Q3= 174.06*((9) ^2/819) = 17.21 kN

Q4= 174.06*((12) ^2/819) =30.6 kN

Q5= 174.06*((15) ^2/819) =47.81 kN

Q6= 174.06*((18) ^2/819) =68.85 kN

VB = Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6 =174.1 kN

12u= 68.85,

u = 5.73 kN

12s= 147.26, s = 12.27 kN

12r= 164.47, r = 13.7 kN

12q= 172.12, q = 14.34 kN

12p= 173.04, p = 14.42 kN

BENDING MOMENTS

Joint A &G

N(A-N14) = N(G-N20) = 1.5q = 21.51 kNm

N(A-N8) = N(G-N13) = 1.5(p+q) = 42.78 kNm

N(A-N1) = N(G-N7) = 1.5p = 21.63 kNm

Joint H & N

N(H-N4) = N(N-N20) = 1.5q = 21.51 kNm

N(H-N27) = N(N-N32) = 1.5r = 20.55 kNm

N(H-N21) = N(N-N26) = 1.5(r+q) = 42.06 kNm

Joint O & U

N(O-N27) = N(U-N32) = 1.5r = 20.55 kNm

N(O-N34) = N(U-N39) = 1.5(s+r) = 59.5 kNm

N(O-N46) = N(U-N40) = 1.5s = 38.9 kNm

Joint V & B1

N(V-N46) = N(B1-N40) = 1.5s = 18.4 kNm

N(V-N68) = N(B1-N62) = 1.5t = 14.58 kNm

N(V-N47) = N(B1-N61) = 1.5(s+t) = 32.98 kNm

Joint C1 & I1

N(C1-N68) = N(I1-N62) = 1.5t = 14.88 kNm

N(C1-N81) = N(I1-N75) = 1.5u = 8.59 kNm

N(C1-N69) = N(I1-N74) = 1.5(t+u) = 23.475 kNm

Joint J1 & Q1

N(J1-N81) = N(Q1-N75) = 1.5u = 8.59 kNm

N(J1-N82) = N(Q1-N87) = 1.5u = 8.59 kNm

Joint B C D E F

N(B-N8) = N (B-N9) = 1.5(p+q)/2 = 21.5 kNm

N(B-N15) = 1.5q = 21.51 kNm

N(B-N2) = 1.5p = 21.63 kNm

Joint I J K L M N

N(I-N15) = 1.5q = 51.51 kNm

N(I-N27) = 1.5r = 20.55 kNm

N(I-N21) = N(I-N22) = 1.5(q+r)/2 = 21.5 kNm

DETAILING OF THE (s+5) CONCRETE

BUILDING

FLEXURAL MEMBERS

General:

These requirements apply to frame members resisting earthquake induced forces and designed to resist

flexure. These members shall satisfy the following requirements.

1)

2)

3)

4)

The factored axial stress on the member under earthquake loading shall not exceed 0.1f ck.

The member shall preferably have a width-to-depth ratio more than 0.3.

The width of the member shall not be less than 200mm.

The depth D of the member shall preferably be not more than of the clear span.

Longitudinal/Flexural/Main Reinforcement:

1) (a) The top as well as bottom reinforcement should consist of at least two bars throughout the

member length.

(b) The tension steel ratio on any face, at any section shall not be less than min = 0.24(fck/fy)1/2;

where fck and fy are in MPa.

(c) The tension steel ratio on any face, at any section shall not be less than 1/4th of maximum tensile

reinforcement.

2) The maximum steel ratio on any face at any section, shall not exceed max = 0.025.

3) The positive steel at a joint face must be at least equal to half the negative steel at that face.

4) The steel provided at each of the top and bottom face of the member at any section along its length

shall be at least equal to one-fourth of the maximum negative moment steel provided at the face of

either joint. It may be clarified the redistribution of moments permitted in IS 456:1978 (clause 36.1)

will be used only for vertical load moments and not for lateral load moments.

5) In an external joint, both the top and the bottom bars of the beam shall be provided with anchorage

length, beyond the inner face of the column, equal to the development length in tension plus ten

times the bar diameter minus the allowance for 90 degree bend(s). In an internal joint, both face bars

of the beam shall be taken continuously through the column.

6) The longitudinal bars shall be spliced, only if hoops are provided over the entire splice length, at a

spacing not exceeding 150mm. The lap length shall not be less than the bar development length in

tension.lap splices shall not be provided within a joint, within a distance of 2d from joint face, and

within a quarter length of the member, where flexural yielding may generally occur under the effect

of earthquake forces. Not more than 50 percent of the bars shall be spliced at one section.

Web Reinforcement:

1) Web reinforcement shall consist of vertical hoops. A vertical hoop is a closed stirrup having a 135

hook with a 10 diameter extension (but not <75mm) at each end that is embedded in the confined

core.

2) The contribution of bent up bars and inclined hoops to shear resistance of the section shall not be

considered.

3) The spacing of hoops over a length of 2d at either end of a beam shall not exceed (a) d/4, and (b) 8

times the diameter of the smallest longitudinal baa; however, it need not be less than 100mm. The

first hoop shall be at a distance not exceeding 50mm from the joint face. Vertical hoops at the same

space as above shall also be provided over a length equal to 2d on either side of a section where

flexural yielding may occur under the effect of earthquake forces. Elsewhere, the hoops shall have

vertical hoops at a spacing not exceeding d/2.

Special Confining Reinforcement:

This requirement shall be met with, unless a larger amount of transverse reinforcement is required from

shear strength considerations.

1) Special confining reinforcement shall be provided over a length lo from each joint face, towards

midspan, and on either side of any section, where flexural yielding may occur under the effect of

earthquake forces. The length lo shall not be less than (a) larger lateral dimension of the member at

the section where yielding occurs, (b) 1/6 of the clear span of the member, and (c) 450mm.

2) When a column terminates into a footing or mat, special confining reinforcement shall extend at least

300mm into the footing or mat.

3) Special confining reinforcement shall be provided over the full height of a column which has

significant variation in stiffness along its height. This variation in stiffness may result due to the

presence of bracing, a mezzanine floor or a R.C.C. wall on either side of the column that extends

only over a part of the column height.

LOADS ON BEAMS

Sl.No.

Dead load

(bending)

20.83

17.58

20.22

18.34

18.82

30.17

18.37

19.8

25.12

16.00

18.82

15.4

15.6

19.78

21.09

16.41

14.87

20.36

23.76

21.3

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

B8

B9

B10

B11

B12

B13

B14

B15

B16

B17

B18

B19

B20

Dead load

(axial)

19.8

15.76

19.18

16.58

23.5

17.69

18.8

22.93

13.00

16.83

18.27

15.27

18.81

15.27

20.06

14.92

16.83

19.37

22.12

20.26

Live load

(bending)

20.5

16.78

18.23

19.23

16.34

19.33

17.56

19.2

13.4

11.9

14.82

15.82

12.93

18

18.7

20.14

12.45

13.4

12.4

11.56

Column C1

Column C1 supported by B1 and B3

B2

1.21m

3.65m

C6

C1

Load from B1 = 146.68 kN

Total load =277.45 + 146.68 = 424.13 kN/floor

Column C2

Load from B5 = 61.83 kN

Load from B3 = 172.04 kN

Load from B14 = 27.52 kN

Total load = 61.83 + 172.04 + 27.52 = 261.37 kN/floor

Live load

(axial)

18.03

13

17.71

13.47

13.51

20.04

16.91

17.52

23.54

10.85

13.6

14.37

12.76

17.475

18.14

12.57

17.36

17.8

19.28

18.28

Column C3

Load from B14 = 27.52 kN

Load from B15 = 99.95 kN

Total load = 27.52 + 99.95 = 127.47 kN /floor

Column C6

Load from B2 = 23.365 kN

Load from B1 = 77.04 kN

Total load = 102.405 kN/floor

Column C7

Total load in column = 52.74 kN/floor

Column C1

Load from B1 = 72.39 kN

Load from B3 = 102.21 kN

Total load = 72.39 + 102.21 = 174.6 kN/ floor

Column C2

Load from B3 = 102.21 kN

Load from B14 = 28.19 kN

Load from B5 = 85.68 kN

Total load = 216.08 kN/ floor

Column C3

Load from B14 = 28.19 kN

Load from B15 = 99.37 kN

Total load = 127.56 kN/floor

Column C6

Load from B1 = 80.29 kN

Load from B7 = 25.84 kN

Load from B4 = 54.12 kN

Total load = 160.25 kN/floor

Column C7

Load from B6= 93.8 kN

Load from B7 = 25.84 kN

Total load = 147.76 kN/floor

Column C1

Load due to B1 = 62.4 kN

Load due to B3 = 64.93 kN

Self weight = 9.37 kN

Total load = 149.23 kN/floor

Column C2

Load due to B3 = 52.33 kN

Load due to B5 = 74.41 kN

Load due to B14 = 29.62 kN

Self weight = 9.37 kN

Total load = 162 kN/floor

Column C3

Load due to B14 = 29.62 kN

Load due to B15 = 61.46 kN

Self weight = 9.37 kN

Total load = 96.68 kN/floor

Column C6

Load due to B1 = 87.65 kN

Load due to B4 = 64.29 kN

Load due to B7 = 26.53 kN

Self weight = 9.37kN

Total load = 184.07 kN/floor

Column C1

Load due to B1 = 84.83 kN

Load due to B3 = 69.7 kN

Self weight = 9.37kN

Total load = 163.9 kN/floor

Column C2

Load due to B5 = 31.15 kN

Load due to B14 = 55.59 kN

Self weight = 9.37kN

Total load = 161.82 kN/floor

Column C3

Load due to B15 = 65.84 kN

Load due to B14 = 31.15 kN

Self weight = 9.37 kN

Total load = 106.36 kN/floor

Column C6

Load due to B1 = 94.88 kN

Load due to B4 = 68.66 kN

Load due to B7 = 27.56 kN

Self weight = 9.37kN

Total load = 200.37 kN/floor

Column C7

Load due to B6 = 27.56 kN

Load due to B7 = 27.56 kN

Load due to B8 = 109.25 kN

Self weight = 9.37 kN

Total load = 173.74 kN/floor

Intermediate Frame

I

G

B11

===

3m

12.78kN/m

23.74kN

20.22 kN/m

A~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C

3m

4.8m

D

B11 = 1.2x19.78 = 23.74kN

B14

B

E

B3

1.2m

3.15 m

MFDA = MFIA = 0

MFEB = MFHB = 0

MFFC = MFGC = 0 (since no load)

MFAB = - (19.78x3.15^2)/12 = -16.35kNm

MFBA = +16.35kNm

MFBC = - [Wab2/L + wL2/12] = -44.16kNm

MFCB = + [Wa2b/L + wL2/12] = -54.85kNm

b) Moment of Inertia

AI = AD = I

AB = 4I

BH = BE =I

BA = 4I

BC = 2I

CG = CF = I

CB = 2I

c) Rotation Factors

JOINT A

Stiffness (cu.m)

AI =I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.936I

Distribution factor AI=0.172

Rotation factor(r) AI=-0.086

AB=4I/3.15

AD=I/3

AB=0.656

AB=-0.328

AD=0.339

AD=0.086

Similarly, JOINT B

Rotation factor

BH=-0.071

BA=-0.27

Similarly, JOINT C

Rotation factor

CG=-0.153

CB=-0.192

BC=-0.088

CF=-0.153

Sum of fixed moments at A= 0+ (-16.35) +0= -16.35kNm

Sum of fixed moments at B= 0+ 16.35 44.16 + 0= -27.81kNm

Sum of fixed moments at C=0+ 54.85+ 0 = 54.85kNm

e) Checking

rA = -0.492 = -0.5

rB = -0.5

rC = -0.495 = -0.5

(O.K.)

BE=-.071

-0.086

-0.328

-0.27

-0.071

-0.086

G

-0.153

-0.088

-0.192

-0.071

-0.071

f) Rotation Contribution

mAB= (-16.35) x (-0.328) = 5.39kNm

mAD= mAI= (-16.35) x (-0.086) = 1.4kNm

mBA= (-27.81) x (-0.27)kNm

mBC = 2.45kNm

mBH = mBE= 1.97kNm

mCG =mCF=8.39kNm

mCB =10.52kNm

g) Final Moments

MAB= MFAB+ 2MAB + MBA=1.93kNm

MBA=MFBA + 2MBA +MAB=36.74kNm

MBC=MFBC +2MBC +MCB =-28.74kNm

MCB=MFCB + 2MCB +MBC = 78.34kNm

Roof Frame

B11=13 kN

11.62kN/m

12.06kN/m

A~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ B~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C

3.15m

4.2m

1.2m

F

h) Fixed end moments

MFAF = MFFA = 0

MFBE = MFEB = 0

MFCD = MFDC = 0 (since no load)

MFAB = - (11.62x3.15^2)/12 = -9.6kNm

MFBA = +9.6kNm

MFCB = + [Wa2b/L + wL2/12] = +40.0kNm

i) Moment of Inertia

AF = I

AB = 4I

BE =I

BC = 2I

CD = I

CB = 2I

j) Rotation Factors

JOINT A

Stiffness (cu.m)

AF=I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.603I

Distribution factor AF=0.389

Rotation factor(r) AF=-0.194

AB=4I/3.15

AB=0.792

AB=-0.396

Similarly, JOINT B

Rotation factor

BA=-0.314

BC=-0.103

Similarly, JOINT C

Rotation factor

CB=-0.275

CD=-0.22

BE=-0.082

Sum of fixed moments at A= 0+ (-9.6) = -9.6kNm

Sum of fixed moments at B= 0+ 9.6 26.08= -16.48kNm

Sum of fixed moments at C=40+ 0 = 40.0kNm

l) Checking

rA = -0.194 + (-0.396) = -0.59

rB = -0.314- 0.082- 0.103 =-0.499 = -0.5

rC = -0.275-0.22= -0.495 = -0.5

(O.K.)

m) Rotation Contribution

mAB= (-9.6) x (-0.396) = 3.8kNm

mAF= (-9.6) x (-0.194) = 1.86kNm

mBA= (-16.48) x (-0.314)= 5.17kNm

mBE = 1.35kNm

mBC = 1.7kNm

mCB =-11.0kNm

mCD = -8.8kNm

-9.6 0.396

-0.194

-0.314

-16.48

-0.103

-0.082

-0.275

40.0

0.22

n) Final Moments

MAB= MFAB+ 2MAB + MBA= 3.17kNm

MBA=MFBA + 2MBA +MAB= 23.74kNm

MBC=MFBC +2MBC +MCB = -33.68kNm

MCB=MFCB + 2MCB +MBC = 19.7kNm

KANIS METHOD (For DEAD LOAD in Bending)

A

23.74kN

18.37kN/m

20.22 kN/m

C7~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ C6 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ C1

B14

B3

3m

E

B12

5.25m

3m

D

B11

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

B2

a) Fixed end moments

MFC7A = MFC7F = 0

MFC6B = MFC6E = 0

MFC1C = MFC1D = 0 (since no load)

MFC7C6 = -WL^2/12 = -13.78 KN/m

MFC6C7 = +WL^2/12 = 13.78 KN/m

MFC6C1 = - [Wab2/L + wL2/12] = -[ (70.35*2.25*3^2)/5.25^2 + (20.83*5.25^2)/12 ]= -99.53 KN/m

MFC1C6 = + [Wa2b/L + wL2/12] = +[ (70.35*2.25^2*3)/5.25^2 + (20.83*5.25^2)/12 ]= 86.6KN/m

b) Rotation factor

JOINT C7

Stiffness (cu.m)

C7A =I/3

C7C6=2I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.33I

Distribution factor C7A =0.25

C7C6=0.50

Rotation factor(r) C7A =-0.125 C7C6=-0.25

C7F=I/3

C7F =-0.25

C7F =0.125

JOINT C6

Stiffness (cu.m)

C6B =I/3

C6E=I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 2.092I

Distribution factor C6B =0.157 C6E=0.157

Rotation factor(r) C6B =-0.078 C6E=-0.078

C6C7 = I/3

C6C1 = 4I/5.25

C6C7 = -0.159 C6C1 = -0.182

JOINT C1

Stiffness (cu.m)

C1C =I/3

C1D=I/3

C1C6 = 4I/5.25

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.428I

Distribution factor C1C =0.23

C1D=0.23

C1C6 = -0.115

Rotation factor(r) C1C =-0.115 C1D=-0.115 C1C6 = -0.266

Total moment at C7 = -13.78 KNm

Total moment at C6 = 13.78 99.53 = -85.75 KNm

Total moment at C1 = 86.6 KNm

c) Rotational contribution

MC7A = -13.78* -0.125 = 1.72 KNm

MC7F = -13.78* -0.125 = 1.72 KNm

MC7C6 = -13.78* -0.25 = 3.45 KNm

MC7B = -85.75* -0.078 = 6.69 KNm

MC7E = -85.75* -0.078 = 6.69 KNm

MC6C7 = -85.75* -0.189 = 13.63 KNm

MC6C1 = -85.75*-0.182 = 15.6 KNm

MC1C = -86.6* -0.115 = -9.96 KNm

MC1D = -86.6* -0.115 = -9.96 KNm

MC1C6 = -86.6* -0.266 = -23.03 KNm

d) Final moments

MC7C6 = MFC7C6 + 2MC7C6 + MC6C7

= -13.78 + 2(3.45) + 13.63 = 6.75 KNm

MC6C7 = MFC6C7 + 2MC6C7 + MC7C6

= -13.78 + 2(13.63) + 3.45 = 44.49 KNm

MC6C1 = MFC6C1 + 2MC6C1 + MC1C6

= -99.53 + 2(13.63) +3.45 = -91.36 KNm

= 86.6 + 2(-23.03) + 15.6 = 56.14 KNm

Frame 1-1

23.74kN

18.37kN/m

17.9 kN/m

C1~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C2 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~C3

B14

B3

3m

5.25m

3m

a) Fixed end moments

MFC1A = MFC1F = 0

MFC2B = MFC2E = 0

MFC3C = MFC3D = 0 (Since no load)

MFC1C2 = - [Wab2/L + wL2/12] = -[ (22*1.2*2.4^2)/4.8^2 + (18.23*4.8^2)/12 ] = -41.6 KNm

MFC2C1 = + [Wa2b/L + wL2/12] = +[ (22*1.2*2.4)/4.8^2 + (18.23*4.8^2)/12 ] = +38.3 KNm

MFC2C3 = -WL2 /12 = -17.9 * 3.152 /12 = -14.8 KNm

MFC3C2 = +WL2 /12 = +17.9 * 3.152 /12 = +14.8 KNm

b) Rotation factors

JOINT C1

Stiffness (cu.m)

C1A =I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.5I

Distribution factor C1A =0.22

Rotation factor(r) C1A = -0.11

C1C2=4I/4.8

C1C2=0.55

C7F=0.22

C1C2= -0.275 C7F= -0.11

JOINT C2

Stiffness (cu.m)

C2C1 =4I/4.8 C2B=I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 2.135I

Distribution factor C2C1 =0.39 C2B=0.156

Rotation factor(r) C2C1 =-0.195 C2B=-0.78

JOINT C3

C7F=I/3

C2E=I/3

C2E=0.156

C2E=-0.78

C2C3 = 0.297

C2C3 = -0.148

C2C3 =

Stiffness (cu.m)

C1A =I/3

C1C2= I/3

C7F=2I/3.15

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.3I

Distribution factor C3C =0.256 C3D=0.256 C3C2=0.256

Rotation factor(r) C3C = -0.128 C3D= -0.128 C3C2= -0.245

c) Total moments at C1 = -41.6KNm

Total moments at C2 = 38.3-14.8 = 23.5KNm

Total moments at C3 = 14.8 KNm

d) Rotation contribution

MC1A = -41.6* -0.11 = 4.57 KNm

MC1F = -41.6* -0.11 = 4.57 KNm

MC1C2 = -41.6* -0.275 = 11.44 KNm

MC2B = MC2E = 23.5*-0.78 = -18.33 KNm

MC2C1 = 23.5* -0.195 = -4.58 KNm

MC23 = 23.5 * -0.148 = -3.48 KNm

MC3C = MC3D = 14.8* -0.128 = -1.89 KNm

MC3C2 = 14.28 * -0.128 = -3.3 KNm

e) Final moments

MC1C2 = -41.6 + 2(11.44)- 4.58 = -23.3KNm

MC2C1 = 38.3 + 2(-4.58)+ 11.44 = 40.58KNm

MC2C3 = -14.8 + 2(-3.48)+ (-3.5) = -25.26KNm

MC3C2 = 14.8 + 2(-3.5)- 3.48 = 4.32KNm

MC1F = 0 + 2MC1F- MFC1 = 0+2(4.57) + 0 = 9.14KN

Frame 2-2

A

23.74kN

18.37kN/m

20.22 kN/m

C7~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ C6 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ C1

B14

B3

3m

E

B11=22kN

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

RB1*4.8 = 14*4.82 /2 +22 *3.6 +14.26 *1.73

3m

D

B12=1426kN

B2

5.25m

RB1 = 55.29 kN

RB1 = RB2 = 55.24 kN

RB5 = 14*4.8 +22 +14.26 55.24 = 48.24 kN

a) Fixed end moments

MFC7C6 = -[17.23 * 32/12] = -12.92 kNm

MFC6C7 = [17.23 * 32/12] = 12.92 kNm

MFC6C1 = -[18.56*5.252] = -83.21 kNm

MFC1C6 = [42.63 + (55.24*2.252*3)/5.252] = 73.068 kNm

b) Rotational moment

Joint C7

Stiffness (cu.m)

C7A =I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.33I

Distribution factor C7A =0.248

Rotation factor(r) C7A = - 0.124

Joint C6

Stiffness (cu.m)

C6B =I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 2.095I

Distribution factor C6B = 0.159

Rotation factor(r) - C6B = -0.079

C7F=I/3

C7C6=2I/3

C7F=0.248

C7F= -0.124

C7C6=0.503

C7C6= -0.025

C6E=I/3

C6C7=2I/3

C6C1=4I/5.25

C6E= -0.079 C6C7= -0.16 C6C1= -0.182

Joint C1

Stiffness (cu.m)

C1C =I/3

C1D=I/3

Total stiffness (cu.m) = 1.428I

Distribution factor C1C =0.233 C1D=0.233

Rotation factor(r) C1C = -0.116 C1D= -0.116

Total moments at C7 = -12.92 KNm

Total moments at C6 = -70.29 KNm

Total moments at C1 = 73.068 KNm

c) Rotational contribution

MC7C6 = -12.92 x -0.25 = 3.23kNm

MC6C7 = -70.29 x -0.16 = 11.25kNm

MC6C1 = -70.29 x -0.182 = 12.79kNm

MC1C6 = 73.068 x -0.266 = -19.44kNm

d) Final end moments

MC7C6 = -12.92 + 2(3.23) + 11.25 = 4.79 KNm

MC6C7 = 12.92 + 2(11.25) + 3.23 = 38.65 KNm

MC6C1 = -83.21 + 2(12.79) 19.44 = -77.07 KNm

MC1C6 = 73.068 + 2(-19.44) + 12.79 = 46.98 KNm

C1C6=4I/5.25

C1C6=0.533

C1C6= -0.266

DESIGN OF SLAB

Ly= 135

135 x 106

Step 1

Ly = 135 = 4.09 m

Lx = 106 = 3.2 m

( 2-way slab)

Slab thickness = 100 mm

D = 125 mm

D effective = 100 mm

Step 2 load calculation

Self wt of slab = 0.125 x 25 = 3.125 kN/m2

Live load = 2 kN/m2

Floor finish = 0.05 x 24 = 1.2 kN/m2

Total = 6.325 kN/m2

Step 3 calculation of bending moment

Mx= x w lx 2

My = y w lx 2

x= 0.084

y = 0.059

W = 5.7 kN/m2

Lx= 106

lx = ly= 3.2 m

M x= 0.084 x 5.7 x 3.22 = 4.9 kN-m

M y = 0.059 x 5.7 x 3.22 = 3.4 kN-m

Factored moment

M uxx= 7.35 kN-m

M uyy = 3.4 x 1.5 kN-m

Step 4

Check for depth

Dreq=

b = 1000

we get Dreq = 51.6 < 100 mm (O.K.)

Step 5

Reinforcement calculation

Assuming M20, Fe 415

Pt = 0.1296 = 0.13

Ast =

Ast =

SPACING

Adopting 10 mm dia bars

Spacing =

Check for maximum spacing :

3d = 3

Or 300 mm, or 483.32 mm

Adopt 10 mm bars @ 300 mm c/c

DISTRIBUTION REINFORCEMENT

These reinforcement provided to consider the Poissons effect , load consideration, temperature and

shrinkage effect.

Ad = 0.15% of c/s area ( mild steel) or 0.12 % of c/s area ( HYSD)

Ad =

Using 10 mm # bars,

Spacing =

Checking for maximum reinforcement

Minimum of 5d = 5 x 125 = 625 mm

Or 450 mm or 523.6 mm

Provide 10 mm# bars 450 mm c/c

BEAM DESIGNING

Dead Load

Live Load

Seismic Load

Beam 3

STEP 1

Effective length of B 3= 4.8 m

D = 1/12 to 1/15 of effective span ( for continuous beam )

D = (1/12) x 4.8 = 0.4 m = 400 mm

b= 1/3 to 2/3 of D or standard width = 250 mm to 300 mm

adopt b= 250 mm

D = 400 mm, b= 250 mm

STEP 2

Moment calculation

DL MAB = 78.34 , MBA = -28.74

LL MBA = -23.3 , MBA = 40.58

Seismic load MAB = 65.22 , MBA = -65.22

Total factored moment

MUAB = 120.26 x 1.5 = 180.39 ( sagging)

MUBA = -53.38 x 1.5 = -80.07 ( hogging )

STEP 3

Bottom reinforcement

Sagging moment = 180.39 kNm

d= ( 400 25 8 ) = 367mm

= 2.76

Pt = 3.03, d/d = 0.1, Pc = 0.875

Ast =

Asc =

Check for reinforcement:

Astmin =

Astmax = 0.04 bD = 0.04 250 400 = 4000 mm2 ( o.k.)

No of rods of 20 mm =

STEP 4

Development length

= 15.04 m

STEP 5

Spacing,

So

Hence provide 20 mm dia bars @ 100 mm c/c.

COLUMN DESIGN

COLUMN NUMBER 2

a) Axial Load

D.L. = 153

L.L. = 127.42

Seismic X = - 27.175

Seismic Y = 24.98

b) Load Combination

1. Combination 1

( D.L. + L.L.) 1.5 = 420.63

2. Combination 2

(D.L. + Seismic X) 1.5 = ( 153 + (-27.125)) 1.5 = 188.74

3. Combination 3

(D.L. + seismic Y) 1.5 = 266.97

c) Bending Moment

Type of loads/ seismic

loads

Dead loads

Live loads

Seismic X

Seismic Y

MUXX

MUYY

-38.03

-42.93

-32.61

0

-28.65

16.22

0

-32.61

1.

2.

3.

4.

(D.L. + L.L.) Muyy = (16.22 28.65) 1.5 = -18.64

(D.L. + Seismic X) Muxx = (-38.03 - 32.61) 1.5 = -105.96

(D.L. + Seismic X) Muyy = (-28.65-0 ) 1.5 = - 42.97

e) Designing

Muxx = -121.44

Muyy = -18.64

Pu = 420.63

emin =

b/b = 0.2

= 14.5

Puz = 1812.5

( O.K. )

f) Reinforcement details

Required reinforcement = 1.8% of Ag = 0.018 250 500 = 2250 mm2

Using 20# dia bars , number of bars =

bars

STAAD.PRO ANALYSIS

STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with applications primarily

in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and highway structures, industrial structures,

chemical plant structures, dams, retaining walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded

structures, etc. The program hence consists of the following facilities to enable this task.

1. Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for creating the

mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented using lines. Walls, slabs and panel

type entities are represented using triangular and quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are

represented using brick elements. These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign

properties, orient cross sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber, aluminum,

specify supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program generate loads, design parameters

etc.

2. Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element analysis, frequency

extraction, and dynamic response (spectrum, time history, steady state, etc.).

3. Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber members.

Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and shear walls. Design of shear and

moment connections for steel members.

4. Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining displacement diagrams,

bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate and solid stress contours, etc.

5. Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other widely accepted formats,

links with other popular softwares for niche areas like reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design,

footing design, steel connection design, etc.

6. A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access STAAD.Pros internal

functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to tap into STAADs database and link input

and output data to third-party software written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN,

Java, Delphi, etc. Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users to link in-house or third-party applications with

STAAD.Pro.

COLUMN DESIGN

============================================================================

C O L U M N N O.

M25

195 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

REQD. STEEL AREA :

1137.87 Sq.mm.

88862.13 Sq.mm.

(Equally distributed)

TIE REINFORCEMENT : Provide 8 mm dia. rectangular ties @ 225 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------Puz : 1353.86 Muz1 :

64.74 Muy1 :

32.72

---------------------------------------------------------WORST LOAD CASE:

75.68 Muy :

============================================================================

============================================================================

C O L U M N N O.

M25

427 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

1812.29 Sq.mm.

88187.71 Sq.mm.

(Equally distributed)

TIE REINFORCEMENT : Provide 8 mm dia. rectangular ties @ 225 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------Puz : 1556.19 Muz1 :

91.72 Muy1 :

43.76

---------------------------------------------------------WORST LOAD CASE:

11

110.03 Muy :

============================================================================

============================================================================

C O L U M N N O.

M25

659 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

2689.11 Sq.mm.

87310.88 Sq.mm.

(Equally distributed)

TIE REINFORCEMENT : Provide 8 mm dia. rectangular ties @ 225 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------Puz : 1819.23 Muz1 :

135.94 Muy1 :

60.09

---------------------------------------------------------WORST LOAD CASE:

11

182.52 Muy :

============================================================================

============================================================================

C O L U M N N O.

M25

891 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

2377.24 Sq.mm.

87622.76 Sq.mm.

(Equally distributed)

TIE REINFORCEMENT : Provide 8 mm dia. rectangular ties @ 225 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------Puz : 1725.67 Muz1 :

135.23 Muy1 :

60.76

---------------------------------------------------------WORST LOAD CASE:

11

136.62 Muy :

============================================================================

============================================================================

C O L U M N N O. 1123 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

M25

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

REQD. STEEL AREA :

2423.86 Sq.mm.

87576.14 Sq.mm.

(Equally distributed)

SECTION CAPACITY BASED ON REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED (KNS-MET)

---------------------------------------------------------Puz : 1739.66 Muz1 :

137.78 Muy1 :

62.61

---------------------------------------------------------WORST LOAD CASE:

11

143.56 Muy :

===========================================================================

============================================================================

C O L U M N N O. 1355 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

M25

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

** GUIDING LOAD CASE: 12 END JOINT: 553 SHORT COLUMN

REQD. STEEL AREA :

REQD. CONCRETE AREA:

2038.00 Sq.mm.

87962.00 Sq.mm.

(Equally distributed)

TIE REINFORCEMENT : Provide 8 mm dia. rectangular ties @ 225 mm c/c

SECTION CAPACITY BASED ON REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED (KNS-MET)

---------------------------------------------------------Puz : 1623.90 Muz1 :

116.82 Muy1 :

54.06

---------------------------------------------------------WORST LOAD CASE:

12

133.02 Muy :

============================================================================

BEAM DESIGN

===========================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1 DESIGN RESULTS

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 5547.2 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

1386.8 mm

2773.6 mm

4160.4 mm

5547.2 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

163.10

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

110.60

122.89

(Sq. mm)

133.07

(Sq. mm)

110.60

110.60

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

134.58

(Sq. mm)

110.60

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

134.14

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

1386.8 mm

2773.6 mm

4160.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

5547.2 mm

BOTTOM

2-10

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

2-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY =

4.97 MX =

0.08 LD= 8

VY =

4.97 MX =

0.08 LD= 8

==========================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 4918.2 mm

STAAD SPACE

131 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

1229.6 mm

2459.1 mm

3688.7 mm

4918.2 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

153.52

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

110.60

110.60

(Sq. mm)

113.48

(Sq. mm)

110.60

(Sq. mm)

110.60

0.00

(Sq. mm)

119.23

(Sq. mm)

110.60

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

129.02

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

1229.6 mm

2459.1 mm

3688.7 mm

4918.2 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-10

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-10

2-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c @ 90 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY =

5.37 MX =

0.04 LD= 11

VY =

5.37 MX =

0.04 LD= 11

==========================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

240 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3182.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

1037.93

REINF.

BOTTOM

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

491.18

(Sq. mm)

309.54

(Sq. mm)

216.14

0.00

(Sq. mm)

502.41

0.00

(Sq. mm)

646.73

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

835.26

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

STAAD SPACE

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

6-16

3-16

REINF. 2 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-16

1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

3-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-16

5-12

1 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

6-12

8-12

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT 665.0 mm AWAY FROM START SUPPORT

VY = 72.51 MX =

9.75 LD= 12

============================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

310 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 2364.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

0.00

(Sq. mm)

1045.85

(Sq. mm)

584.88

(Sq. mm)

725.23

466.40

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

1192.60

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

215.21

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-16

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

6-16

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

4-16

1 layer(s)

2-16

3-16

1 layer(s)

3-16

1 layer(s)

6-16

1 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

2-16

2-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 140 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

STAAD SPACE

VY = -97.60 MX = -22.12 LD= 11

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 130 mm c/c

============================================================================

*** WARNING:LENGTH TO DEPTH RATIO FOR MEMBER

CONTINUOUS BEAM AND AWAY FROM THE CRITICAL SECTION FOR

ENHANCED SHEAR, ORDINARY SHEAR CHECK IS PERFORMED.,

OTHERWISE PROVIDE ENSH AND RENSH PARAMETERS ***

===========================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

368 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 1169.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

700.55

(Sq. mm)

0.00

302.96

(Sq. mm)

577.72

(Sq. mm)

490.62

699.79

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

448.92

320.83

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

216.60

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1169.8 mm

TOP

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-10

1 layer(s)

9-10

REINF. 2 layer(s)

4-10

1 layer(s)

8-10

2 layer(s)

7-10

6-10

2 layer(s)

9-10

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

5-10

3-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT

SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT 577.5 mm AWAY FROM END SUPPORT

VY = -79.27 MX = -24.92 LD=

===========================================================================

STAAD SPACE

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

369 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3748.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

728.94

216.14

0.00

0.00

0.00

3748.4 mm

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

215.21

(Sq. mm)

430.34

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

562.84

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

575.85

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

7-12

2-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

2-16

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-12

3-16

1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

3-16

3-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE

SUPPORT

VY = 73.18 MX =

9.47 LD=

============================================================================

==========================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

472 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

LENGTH: 3182.4 mm

STAAD SPACE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

1059.28

REINF.

509.13

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

216.14

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

245.61

(Sq. mm)

0.00

451.24

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

610.09

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

819.91

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

6-16

REINF. 2 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

3-16

1 layer(s)

3-12

1 layer(s)

2-16

2-16

1 layer(s)

4-12

1 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

6-12

8-12

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY = 74.35 MX =

10.11 LD= 12

============================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

542 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 2364.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

1015.74

(Sq. mm)

0.00

0.00

(Sq. mm)

718.82

(Sq. mm)

576.53

(Sq. mm)

460.63

(Sq. mm)

1164.53

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

215.21

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

STAAD SPACE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-16

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

9-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

7-12

2 layer(s)

2-16

3-16

1 layer(s)

5-12

1 layer(s)

6-16

1 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

2-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 140 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY = -95.72 MX = -22.08 LD= 11

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 130 mm c/c

============================================================================

CONTINUOUS BEAM AND AWAY FROM THE CRITICAL SECTION FOR

ENHANCED SHEAR, ORDINARY SHEAR CHECK IS PERFORMED.,

OTHERWISE PROVIDE ENSH AND RENSH PARAMETERS ***

===========================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

600 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 1169.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

345.63

(Sq. mm)

664.88

(Sq. mm)

536.15

(Sq. mm)

530.33

749.82

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

411.91

284.19

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

6-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

5-12

1 layer(s)

4-12

5-12

1 layer(s)

4-12

1 layer(s)

7-12

1 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

3-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY = -81.20 MX = -25.35 LD=

==========================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

601 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3748.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

712.54

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

216.60

0.00

(Sq. mm)

0.00

216.14

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

425.62

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

543.30

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

538.32

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

7-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

3748.4 mm

BOTTOM

2-10

3-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

6-10

2 layer(s)

7-10

7-10

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

STAAD SPACE

VY = 71.30 MX =

9.46 LD=

============================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

704 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3182.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

962.82

465.14

0.00

0.00

0.00

3182.4 mm

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

216.14

(Sq. mm)

418.78

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

594.55

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

825.78

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-25

2-25

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

1 layer(s)

2-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-25

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-25

1 layer(s)

4-12

1 layer(s)

2-25

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

6-12

8-12

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY = 74.76 MX =

10.09 LD= 12

==========================================================================

===========================================================================

B E A M N O.

774 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

M30

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 2364.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

STAAD SPACE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

0.00

(Sq. mm)

1034.83

(Sq. mm)

531.82

(Sq. mm)

738.46

1089.98

(Sq. mm)

442.15

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-16

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

6-16

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

4-16

1 layer(s)

2-16

3-16

1 layer(s)

3-16

1 layer(s)

6-16

1 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

2-16

2-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY = -106.31 MX = -19.93 LD= 12

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 130 mm c/c

============================================================================

CONTINUOUS BEAM AND AWAY FROM THE CRITICAL SECTION FOR

ENHANCED SHEAR, ORDINARY SHEAR CHECK IS PERFORMED.,

OTHERWISE PROVIDE ENSH AND RENSH PARAMETERS ***

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

832 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 1169.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

STAAD SPACE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

0.00

318.75

507.40

717.71

1169.8 mm

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

643.26

(Sq. mm)

510.33

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

381.94

250.40

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-12

1 layer(s)

6-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

3-12

5-12

1 layer(s)

5-12

1 layer(s)

4-12

1 layer(s)

7-12

1 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

3-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 140 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT

VY = -81.45 MX = -24.02 LD=

============================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

833 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

M30

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3748.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

654.41

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

216.14

0.00

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

216.14

(Sq. mm)

0.00

434.93

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

548.48

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

518.18

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

STAAD SPACE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

6-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

3-10

1 layer(s)

2-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

6-10

2 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

7-10

7-10

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUPPORT

VY = 70.63 MX =

8.94 LD=

==========================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

936 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3182.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

830.41

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

(Sq. mm)

366.79

(Sq. mm)

216.14

(Sq. mm)

0.00

0.00

(Sq. mm)

357.57

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

582.50

(Sq. mm)

828.90

(Sq. mm)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

8-12

4-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-12

4-12

1 layer(s)

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

6-12

8-12

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE

SUPPORT

STAAD SPACE

VY = 75.17 MX =

10.04 LD= 12

============================================================================

===========================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1006 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 2364.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

216.14

(Sq. mm)

1040.84

(Sq. mm)

468.40

(Sq. mm)

745.19

957.52

(Sq. mm)

410.89

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-25

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

6-16

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-25

1 layer(s)

4-16

1 layer(s)

2-25

2-25

1 layer(s)

3-16

1 layer(s)

2-25

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-16

2-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 140 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE

SUPPORT

SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT 577.5 mm AWAY FROM END SUPPORT

VY = -106.00 MX = -20.06 LD= 12

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 140 mm c/c

==========================================================================

*** WARNING:LENGTH TO DEPTH RATIO FOR MEMBER 1064 IS LESS THAN 2.5.

DEEP BEAM IS NOT DESIGNED. ASSUMING IT TO BE A PART OF A

CONTINUOUS BEAM AND AWAY FROM THE CRITICAL SECTION FOR

ENHANCED SHEAR, ORDINARY SHEAR CHECK IS PERFORMED.,

OTHERWISE PROVIDE ENSH AND RENSH PARAMETERS ***

STAAD SPACE

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1064 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 1169.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

629.16

(Sq. mm)

0.00

264.08

(Sq. mm)

468.90

(Sq. mm)

435.26

623.89

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

334.19

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

0.00

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Sq. mm)

SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-20

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-20

1 layer(s)

6-12

REINF. 2 layer(s)

2-20

1 layer(s)

5-12

1 layer(s)

2-20

3-12

1 layer(s)

2-20

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-12

2-12

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 140 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c @ 130 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUPPORT

VY = -90.06 MX = -21.25 LD= 12

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 130 mm c/c

============================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1065 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3748.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

STAAD SPACE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

574.36

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

216.14

0.00

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

216.14

(Sq. mm)

0.00

437.35

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

549.12

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

479.19

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

3-16

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

3-10

1 layer(s)

2-16

2-16

1 layer(s)

6-10

2 layer(s)

2-16

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

7-10

7-10

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE

SUPPORT

VY = 78.65 MX =

6.84 LD= 12

===========================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1168 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3182.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

355.36

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

(Sq. mm)

216.60

(Sq. mm)

216.60

(Sq. mm)

0.00

0.00

(Sq. mm)

246.47

0.00

(Sq. mm)

402.35

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

495.62

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

STAAD SPACE

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SECTION

0.0 mm

795.6 mm

1591.2 mm

2386.8 mm

3182.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

5-10

3-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

3-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

2-10

4-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

6-10

7-10

2 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE

SUPPORT

VY = 51.81 MX =

4.74 LD= 12

============================================================================

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1238 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 2364.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

216.60

(Sq. mm)

607.51

(Sq. mm)

441.49

(Sq. mm)

228.74

516.85

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

245.80

214.29

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

591.2 mm

1182.4 mm

1773.6 mm

2364.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

2-20

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-20

1 layer(s)

3-10

3-10

1 layer(s)

2-20

1 layer(s)

7-10

1 layer(s)

2 layer(s)

2-20

2-20

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUPPORT

STAAD SPACE

VY = -68.05 MX = -10.72 LD= 12

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 150 mm c/c

============================================================================

*** WARNING:LENGTH TO DEPTH RATIO FOR MEMBER 1296 IS LESS THAN 2.5.

DEEP BEAM IS NOT DESIGNED. ASSUMING IT TO BE A PART OF A

CONTINUOUS BEAM AND AWAY FROM THE CRITICAL SECTION FOR

ENHANCED SHEAR, ORDINARY SHEAR CHECK IS PERFORMED.,

OTHERWISE PROVIDE ENSH AND RENSH PARAMETERS ***

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1296 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 1169.8 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1169.8 mm

TOP

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

216.60

(Sq. mm)

370.54

(Sq. mm)

280.25

(Sq. mm)

216.60

249.98

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

216.60

216.60

0.00

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

292.5 mm

584.9 mm

877.4 mm

1169.8 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

BOTTOM

5-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

4-10

1 layer(s)

3-10

3-10

1 layer(s)

3-10

1 layer(s)

4-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

3-10

2-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUPPORT

VY = -54.48 MX = -9.81 LD= 12

Provide 2 Legged 10 @ 150 mm c/c

============================================================================

STAAD SPACE

============================================================================

B E A M N O.

M30

1297 D E S I G N R E S U L T S

Fe415 (Main)

LENGTH: 3748.4 mm

Fe415 (Sec.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

3748.4 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

263.44

0.00

REINF.

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM

REINF.

0.00

0.00

216.60

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

292.29

(Sq. mm)

0.00

(Sq. mm)

354.49

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

304.98

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION

0.0 mm

937.1 mm

1874.2 mm

2811.3 mm

---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP

4-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

2-10

1 layer(s)

2-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

3748.4 mm

BOTTOM

2-10

REINF. 1 layer(s)

3-10

1 layer(s)

4-10

1 layer(s)

5-10

4-10

1 layer(s)

1 layer(s)

REINF. @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c

---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE

SUPPORT

SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT 577.5 mm AWAY FROM START SUPPORT

VY = 50.20 MX =

2.99 LD= 12

============================================================================

REFERRENCES

1) IS 1893:1984 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures

2) IS 1893(Part 1):2002 `Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures : Part 1 General

provisions and Buildings

Code of Practice

4) Chapter 17 :earthquake resistant design and detailing of rcc structures as per codal provisions , J.N.

BANDYOPADHYA, DEPT. OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, IIT KHARAGPUR

6) Explanatory examples on Indian seismic code (IS- 1893) part 1

By DR.S.K.JAIN, DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, IIT KANPUR

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